95 relations: Agnatha, Anatomical terms of location, Animal, Barbel (anatomy), Black, Blue, Brittle star, California, Cartilage, Cephalopod, Cepola haastii, Cerebellum, Chapman & Hall, Chordate, Cladistics, Coelom, Color, Constantine Samuel Rafinesque, Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary, Craniate, Cutaneous respiration, Cyclostomata, Eel, Eptatretus, Esophagus, Evolution of the eye, Extraocular muscles, Eye, Fin, Fish, Genus, Gill, Gnathostomata, Greenwood Publishing Group, Grey, Hermaphrodite, Hermit crab, Hook-and-loop fastener, Horizontal plane, Hyperoartia, Inshore hagfish, Invagination, Invertebrate, Japanese language, Jaw, John Wiley & Sons, Keratin, Korea, Korean cuisine, Korean language, ..., Lamprey, Lancelet, Larva, Leech, Marine worm, Mesonephric duct, Mesonephros, Midbrain, Mitochondrial DNA, Mucus, Myelin, Myxine, Nemamyxine, Neomyxine, Neoteny, Nephron, Neural crest, Nostril, Notomyxine tridentiger, Nucleic acid sequence, Oregon, Osteichthyes, Ovary, Overhand knot, Pacific hagfish, Paddle, Parietal eye, Peritrophic matrix, Pharynx, Pink, Polychaete, Predation, Pronephros, Ross Piper, Rubicundus, Skull, Species, Tail, Testicle, Tooth, Vermes, Vertebral column, Vertebrate, White, Zootaxa. Expand index (45 more) » « Shrink index
Agnatha (Greek, "no jaws") is a superclass of jawless fish in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, consisting of both present (cyclostomes) and extinct (conodonts and ostracoderms) species.
Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
In fish anatomy and turtle anatomy, a barbel is a slender, whiskerlike sensory organ near the mouth.
Black is the darkest color, the result of the absence or complete absorption of visible light.
Blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments in painting and traditional colour theory, as well as in the RGB colour model.
Brittle stars or ophiuroids are echinoderms in the class Ophiuroidea closely related to starfish.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many other body components.
A cephalopod is any member of the molluscan class Cephalopoda (Greek plural κεφαλόποδα, kephalópoda; "head-feet") such as a squid, octopus or nautilus.
Cepola haastii is a bandfish of the family Cepolidae, found on the inner continental shelf around New Zealand.
The cerebellum (Latin for "little brain") is a major feature of the hindbrain of all vertebrates.
Chapman & Hall was a British publishing house in London, founded in the first half of the 19th century by Edward Chapman and William Hall.
A chordate is an animal belonging to the phylum Chordata; chordates possess a notochord, a hollow dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, an endostyle, and a post-anal tail, for at least some period of their life cycle.
Cladistics (from Greek κλάδος, cládos, i.e., "branch") is an approach to biological classification in which organisms are categorized in groups ("clades") based on the most recent common ancestor.
The coelom is the main body cavity in most animals and is positioned inside the body to surround and contain the digestive tract and other organs.
Color (American English) or colour (Commonwealth English) is the characteristic of human visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple.
Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz, as he is known in Europe (October 22, 1783 – September 18, 1840), was a nineteenth-century polymath born near Constantinople in the Ottoman Empire and self-educated in France.
Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary is a marine sanctuary located off the coast of California.
A craniate is a member of the Craniata (sometimes called the Craniota), a proposed clade of chordate animals with a skull of hard bone or cartilage.
Cutaneous respiration, or cutaneous gas exchange, is a form of respiration in which gas exchange occurs across the skin or outer integument of an organism rather than gills or lungs.
Cyclostomata is a group of agnathans that comprises the living jawless fishes: the lampreys and hagfishes.
An eel is any ray-finned fish belonging to the order Anguilliformes, which consists of four suborders, 20 families, 111 genera and about 800 species.
Eptatretus is a large genus of hagfish.
The esophagus (American English) or oesophagus (British English), commonly known as the food pipe or gullet (gut), is an organ in vertebrates through which food passes, aided by peristaltic contractions, from the pharynx to the stomach.
The evolution of the eye is attractive to study, because the eye distinctively exemplifies an analogous organ found in many animal forms.
The extraocular muscles are the six muscles that control movement of the eye and one muscle that controls eyelid elevation (levator palpebrae).
Eyes are organs of the visual system.
A fin is a thin component or appendage attached to a larger body or structure.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.
Gnathostomata are the jawed vertebrates.
ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
Grey (British English) or gray (American English; see spelling differences) is an intermediate color between black and white.
In biology, a hermaphrodite is an organism that has complete or partial reproductive organs and produces gametes normally associated with both male and female sexes.
Hermit crabs are decapod crustaceans of the superfamily Paguroidea.
Hook-and-loop fasteners, hook-and-pile fasteners or touch fasteners, consist of two components: typically, two lineal fabric strips (or, alternatively, round "dots" or squares) which are attached (sewn or otherwise adhered) to the opposing surfaces to be fastened.
In geometry, physics, astronomy, geography, and related sciences, a plane is said to be horizontal at a given point if it is perpendicular to the gradient of the gravity field at that point – in other words, if apparent gravity makes a plumb bob hang perpendicular to the plane at that point.
Hyperoartia or Petromyzontida is a disputed group of vertebrates that includes the modern lampreys and their fossil relatives.
The inshore hagfish (Eptatretus burgeri) is a hagfish found in the Northwest Pacific, from the Sea of Japan and across eastern Japan to Taiwan.
In developmental biology, invagination is a mechanism that takes place during gastrulation.
Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
The jaw is any opposable articulated structure at the entrance of the mouth, typically used for grasping and manipulating food.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Korean cuisine has evolved through centuries of social and political change.
The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.
Lampreys (sometimes also called, inaccurately, lamprey eels) are an ancient lineage of jawless fish of the order Petromyzontiformes, placed in the superclass Cyclostomata.
The lancelets — also known as amphioxi (singular, amphioxus) consist of about 32 species of fish-like marine chordates in the order Amphioxiformes.
A larva (plural: larvae) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults.
Leeches are segmented parasitic or predatory worm-like animals that belong to the phylum Annelida and comprise the subclass Hirudinea.
Any worm that lives in a marine environment is considered a marine worm.
The mesonephric duct (also known as the Wolffian duct, archinephric duct, Leydig's duct or nephric duct) is a paired organ found in mammals including humans during embryogenesis.
The mesonephros (middle kidney) is one of three excretory organs that develop in vertebrates.
The midbrain or mesencephalon (from Greek mesos 'middle', and enkephalos 'brain') is a portion of the central nervous system associated with vision, hearing, motor control, sleep/wake, arousal (alertness), and temperature regulation.
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA or mDNA) is the DNA located in mitochondria, cellular organelles within eukaryotic cells that convert chemical energy from food into a form that cells can use, adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Mucus is a slippery aqueous secretion produced by, and covering, mucous membranes.
Myelin is a lipid-rich substance that surrounds the axon of some nerve cells, forming an electrically insulating layer.
Myxine is a genus of hagfish.
Nemamyxine is a genus of hagfish.
Neomyxine is a genus of hagfish found in the Pacific Ocean around New Zealand.
Neoteny, (also called juvenilization)Montagu, A. (1989).
The nephron (from Greek νεφρός – nephros, meaning "kidney") is the microscopic structural and functional unit of the kidney.
Neural crest cells are a temporary group of cells unique to chordates of the group Cristozoa that arise from the embryonic ectoderm cell layer, and in turn give rise to a diverse cell lineage—including melanocytes, craniofacial cartilage and bone, smooth muscle, peripheral and enteric neurons and glia.
A nostril (or naris, plural nares) is one of the two channels of the nose, from the point where they bifurcate to the external opening.
Notomyxine tridentiger is a species of hagfish that occurs in the Atlantic Ocean off the southern coasts of South America.
A nucleic acid sequence is a succession of letters that indicate the order of nucleotides forming alleles within a DNA (using GACT) or RNA (GACU) molecule.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
Osteichthyes, popularly referred to as the bony fish, is a diverse taxonomic group of fish that have skeletons primarily composed of bone tissue, as opposed to cartilage.
The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum.
The overhand knot is one of the most fundamental knots, and it forms the basis of many others, including the simple noose, overhand loop, angler's loop, reef knot, fisherman's knot, and water knot.
The Pacific hagfish (Eptatretus stoutii) is a species of hagfish.
A paddle is a tool used for pushing against liquids, either as a form of propulsion in a boat or as an implement for mixing.
A parietal eye, also known as a third eye or pineal eye, is a part of the epithalamus present in some animal species.
The peritrophic matrix (from the prefix peri-, meaning around, and -trophic, referring to nutrition(food)) or peritrophic membrane is a semi-permeable, non-cellular structure which surrounds the food colwidth.
The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the esophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs.
Pink is a pale red color that is named after a flower of the same name.
The Polychaeta, also known as the bristle worms or polychaetes, are a paraphyletic class of annelid worms, generally marine.
Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).
Pronephros is the most basic of the three excretory organs that develop in vertebrates, corresponding to the first stage of kidney development.
Ross Piper is a British zoologist, entomologist, and explorer.
Rubicundus is a genus of hagfishes.
The skull is a bony structure that forms the head in vertebrates.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
The tail is the section at the rear end of an animal's body; in general, the term refers to a distinct, flexible appendage to the torso.
The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.
A tooth (plural teeth) is a hard, calcified structure found in the jaws (or mouths) of many vertebrates and used to break down food.
Vermes ("worms") is an obsolete taxon used by Carl Linnaeus and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck for non-arthropod invertebrate animals.
The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is part of the axial skeleton.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
White is the lightest color and is achromatic (having no hue), because it fully reflects and scatters all the visible wavelengths of light.
Zootaxa is a peer-reviewed scientific mega journal for animal taxonomists.