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Index Halloween

Halloween or Hallowe'en (a contraction of All Hallows' Evening), also known as Allhalloween, All Hallows' Eve, or All Saints' Eve, is a celebration observed in a number of countries on 31 October, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows' Day. [1]

352 relations: ABC-CLIO, Abrams Books, Alfred J. Kolatch, All Saints' Church, Wittenberg, All Saints' Day, All Souls' Day, Allantide, Allhallowtide, Almanac, American Tract Society, Anglican Breviary, Anglican Communion, Anglicanism, Aos Sí, Apotropaic magic, Apple (symbolism), Apple bobbing, Archetype, Artifact (archaeology), Aurora, Illinois, Baker Publishing Group, Bannock (food), Baptism, Barmbrack, BBC, Beacon Communications (publisher), Beltane, Bhadra (Hindu calendar), Bible, Bibliography of Halloween, Blackie, Alberta, Bloomsbury Publishing, Blue Christmas (holiday), Bonfire, Bonfire toffee, Bosom of Abraham, Brittany, Brittonic languages, Cajuns, Calan Gaeaf, Calan Mai, Calendar of saints, Calvary, Cambria Press, Candy apple, Candy corn, Candy pumpkin, Caramel apple, Caramel corn, Catholic Church, ..., Catholic school, Celtic mythology, Celtic nations, Celtic Otherworld, Celtic polytheism, Celts, Cf., Champ (food), Chicago Tribune, Chile, Christ Child, Christendom, Christian art, Christian Church, Christian cross, Christian eschatology, Christian fundamentalism, Christian martyrs, Christian prayer, Christian theology, Christian vegetarianism, Christian views on alcohol, Christian views on Hades, Christian views on Hell, Christian views on magic, Christian views on sin, Christian worship, Christianity in Bangladesh, Christianity in Ireland, Christianity Today, Christianization, Christianized sites, Christopher Allmand, Church bell, Church service, Churchyard, Cincinnati, Clifton, Cincinnati, Colcannon, Collect, Confectionery, Continental Europe, Corn maze, Costume, Costume party, Cranachan, Cross-dressing, Danse Macabre, Day of the Dead, Derry, Devil in Christianity, Devil's Night, Diocese, Disneyland, Divination, Diwali, Dracula, Dream interpretation, Duke University, Dziady, Early Christianity, Eastern Orthodox Church, Edessa, English Reformation, Ephrem the Syrian, Epiphany (holiday), Evangelicalism, Evangelism, Evening, Evil, Exorcist, F. Marian McNeill, Fairy, Fasting, Fasting and abstinence in the Catholic Church, Festival of the Dead, Finland, Folklore, Folklore studies, Fortune-telling, Frankenstein, Frankenstein (1931 film), Gabriele Amorth, Gaels, Geography of Halloween, Ghost Festival, Ghost story, Glamorgan, God in Christianity, Gothic fiction, Greenwich Village, Guy Fawkes Night, Halakha, Hallmark Cards, Hallow, Halloween (poem), Halloween cake, Halloween card, Halloween costume, Halloween Horror Nights, Harvest, Harvest festival, Haunted attraction (simulated), Haunted Castle (Six Flags Great Adventure), Hayride, Heaven in Christianity, Helena, Montana, Hell house, Herald Sun, Hindu, History (U.S. TV network), History of malaria, Hobby horse, Hollycombe Steam Collection, Holy day of obligation, Hop-tu-Naa, Horror fiction, Hospitality, Hot cross bun, House blessing, Husk, Intermediate state, Isle of Man, Jack Santino, Jack-o'-lantern, James George Frazer, Job, John Mayne, Judaism, King cake, Kingston, Ontario, Kirk, Knott's Berry Farm, Knott's Scary Farm, Ladies' Home Journal, Last Judgment, Lemuria (festival), Lent, Lesley Bannatyne, Lethbridge, Leviticus 18, Liphook, List of films set around Halloween, List of Halloween television specials, List of minor Old Testament figures, A–K, Liturgical year, Lutheranism, Mangelwurzel, Martin Luther, Martinisingen, Maryland, Masque, Mass (liturgy), Massachusetts, McFarland & Company, Meat-free days, Medieval archaeology, Memento mori, Mexico, Mickey's Not-So-Scary Halloween Party, Middle Ages, Mischief Night, Modern Paganism, Molybdomancy, Monster, Mummers play, Muslim, National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, Neewollah, New England, New York's Village Halloween Parade, New Zealand, Ninety-five Theses, Nonconformist, Northeast Philadelphia, Northern Hemisphere, Occult, Old English, Old Irish, Old St. Peter's Basilica, Oomancy, Oratory (worship), Orkney, Orthodox Judaism, Oxford University Press, Paganism, Pantheon, Rome, Papist, Paraklesis, Parentalia, Parish (Church of England), Patron saint, Paulist Fathers, Pelican Publishing Company, Pentecost, Philippines, Pietà, Pitchfork, Pitru Paksha, Poisoned candy myths, Poland, Pomona (mythology), Pope Boniface IV, Pope Gregory III, Pope Gregory IV, Portland, Oregon, Potato pancake, Practical joke, Prayer for the dead, Predestination, Procession, Propitiation, Protestant Reformers, Protestantism, Public health, Pumpkin seed, Punkie Night, Puppeteer, Purgatory, Purim, Quarter days, Rabbi, Reaktion Books, Reform Judaism, Reformation, Reformation Day, Relic, Religion in ancient Rome, Rite of passage, Robert Burns, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, Ronald Hutton, Rosamond McKitterick, Rowman & Littlefield, Rutabaga, Ruth Edna Kelley, Saint, Saint John's Eve, Samhain, Satan, Scarecrow, Scone, Scotland, Scots language, Scrying, Sheikh, Shrove Tuesday, Sign of the cross, Six Flags Fright Fest, Skull and crossbones (Spanish cemetery), Somerset, Soul cake, Soul in the Bible, Spirit, St. Nicholas Magazine, Sunwise, Sweet corn, Symbol, Symbols of death, Sympathetic magic, The Golden Bough, The Haunted Mansion, The History Press, The Manitoban, The Mummy (1932 film), The New Zealand Herald, The Oregon Journal, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, Thursday of the Dead, Totensonntag, Town crier, Tract (literature), Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF, Trick-or-treating, Triduum, Trunk (car), Turnip, Twelfth Night (holiday), Unclean spirit, UNICEF, United States Junior Chamber, Universal Studios Florida, Universal Studios Japan, Universal Studios Singapore, University of Pennsylvania Press, University of Surrey, University of Tennessee Press, USA Today, Vanitas, Vespers, Vigil, Vigils, Votive candle, Walpurgis Night, Walter Evans-Wentz, Westdeutscher Rundfunk, Western Christianity, White horse (mythology), Wicca, Will-o'-the-wisp, William Shakespeare, WSAI. Expand index (302 more) »


ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.

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Abrams Books

Abrams, formerly Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (HNA), is an American publisher of art and illustrated books, children's books, and stationery.

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Alfred J. Kolatch

Alfred Jacob Kolatch (January 2, 1916 - February 7, 2007) was an American rabbi known for his more than fifty published books, notably The Jewish Book of Why, and his books on Jewish names.

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All Saints' Church, Wittenberg

All Saints' Church, commonly referred to as Schlosskirche (Castle Church) to distinguish it from the Stadtkirche (Town Church) of St.

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All Saints' Day

All Saints' Day, also known as All Hallows' Day, Hallowmas, Feast of All Saints, or Solemnity of All Saints, is a Christian festival celebrated in honour of all the saints, known and unknown.

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All Souls' Day

In Christianity, All Souls' Day commemorates All Souls, the Holy Souls, or the Faithful Departed; that is, the souls of Christians who have died.

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Allantide (Kalan Gwav, meaning first day of winter, or Nos Kalan Gwav, meaning eve of the first day of winter and Dy' Halan Gwav, meaning day of the first day of winter), also known as Saint Allan's Day or the Feast of Saint Allan, is a Cornish festival that was traditionally celebrated on the night of 31 October, as well as the following day time, and known elsewhere as Allhallowtide.

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Allhallowtide, Hallowtide, Allsaintstide, or the Hallowmas season, is the triduum encompassing the Western Christian observances of All Saints' Eve (Halloween), All Saints' Day (All Hallows') and All Souls' Day, which last from 31 October to 2 November annually.

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An almanac (also spelled almanack and almanach) is an annual publication listing a set of events forthcoming in the next year.

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American Tract Society

The American Tract Society (ATS) is a nonprofit, nonsectarian but evangelical organization founded on May 11, 1825 in New York City for the purpose of publishing and disseminating Christian literature.

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Anglican Breviary

The Anglican Breviary is the Anglican edition of the Divine Office translated into English, used especially by Anglicans of Anglo-Catholic churchmanship.

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Anglican Communion

The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.

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Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.

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Aos Sí

The aos sí (older form aes sídhe) is the Irish term for a supernatural race in Irish mythology and Scottish mythology (where it is usually spelled Sìth, but pronounced the same), comparable to the fairies or elves.

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Apotropaic magic

Apotropaic magic (from Greek "to ward off" from "away" and "to turn") is a type of magic intended to turn away harm or evil influences, as in deflecting misfortune or averting the evil eye.

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Apple (symbolism)

Apples appear in many religious traditions, often as a mystical or forbidden fruit.

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Apple bobbing

Apple bobbing, also known as bobbing for apples, is a game often played on Halloween.

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The concept of an archetype appears in areas relating to behavior, modern psychological theory, and literary analysis.

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Artifact (archaeology)

An artifact, or artefact (see American and British English spelling differences), is something made or given shape by humans, such as a tool or a work of art, especially an object of archaeological interest.

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Aurora, Illinois

Aurora, a suburb of Chicago, is a city predominantly in Kane County and DuPage County, with portions extending into Kendall and Will counties.

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Baker Publishing Group

Baker Publishing Group is a Christian book publisher based in Ada, Michigan.

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Bannock (food)

Bannock is a variety of flat quick bread or any large, round article baked or cooked from grain.

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Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.

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Barm Brack (bairín breac), also called Barmbrack or often shortened to brack, is a yeasted bread with added sultanas and raisins.

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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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Beacon Communications (publisher)

Beacon Communications is a privately owned newspaper publisher serving the suburban Rhode Island cities of Cranston, Johnston and Warwick.

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Beltane is the anglicised name for the Gaelic May Day festival.

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Bhadra (Hindu calendar)

Bhadra or Bhadrapada or Bhaado or Bhadraba (Hindi: भादों bhaado, Sanskrit: भाद्रपद bhaadrapada, भाद्र Bhadra, Bhadraba) is a month of the Hindu calendar that corresponds to August/September in the Gregorian calendar.

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The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.

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Bibliography of Halloween

This is a bibliography of works about Halloween or in which Halloween is a prominent theme.

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Blackie, Alberta

Blackie is a hamlet in Alberta, Canada within the Municipal District of Foothills No. 31.

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Bloomsbury Publishing

Bloomsbury Publishing plc (formerly M.B.N.1 Limited and Bloomsbury Publishing Company Limited) is a British independent, worldwide publishing house of fiction and non-fiction.

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Blue Christmas (holiday)

Blue Christmas, also called the Longest Night in the Western Christian tradition, is a day in the Advent season marking the longest night of the year.

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A bonfire is a large but controlled outdoor fire, used either for informal disposal of burnable waste material or as part of a celebration.

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Bonfire toffee

Bonfire toffee (also known as treacle toffee, Plot toffee, or Tom Trot) is a hard, brittle toffee associated with Halloween and Guy Fawkes Night (also known as "Bonfire Night") in the United Kingdom.

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Bosom of Abraham

"Bosom of Abraham" refers to the place of comfort in the Biblical Sheol (or Hades in the Greek Septuagint version of the Hebrew scriptures from around 200 BC, and therefore so described in the New Testament) where the righteous dead await Judgment Day.

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Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.

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Brittonic languages

The Brittonic, Brythonic or British Celtic languages (ieithoedd Brythonaidd/Prydeinig; yethow brythonek/predennek; yezhoù predenek) form one of the two branches of the Insular Celtic language family; the other is Goidelic.

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The Cajuns (Louisiana les Cadiens), also known as Acadians (Louisiana les Acadiens) are an ethnic group mainly living in the U.S. state of Louisiana, and in The Maritimes as well as Québec consisting in part of the descendants of the original Acadian exiles—French-speakers from Acadia (L'Acadie) in what are now the Maritimes of Eastern Canada.

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Calan Gaeaf

Calan Gaeaf is the name of the first day of winter in Wales, observed on 1 November.

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Calan Mai

Calan Mai ("Calend (first day) of May") or Calan Haf ("Calend of Summer") is a May Day holiday of Wales held on 1 May.

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Calendar of saints

The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.

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Calvary, or Golgotha (Biblical Greek Γολγοθᾶ Golgotha, traditionally interpreted as reflecting Syriac (Aramaic) golgolta, as it were Hebrew gulgōleṯ "skull" Strong's Concordance.), was, according to the Gospels, a site immediately outside Jerusalem's walls where Jesus was crucified.

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Cambria Press

Cambria Press is an independent academic publisher based in Amherst, New York.

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Candy apple

Toffee apples, also known as candy apples in North America, are whole apples covered in a hard toffee or sugar candy coating, with a stick inserted as a handle.

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Candy corn

Candy corn is a candy most often found in the United States and Canada, popular primarily around Halloween.

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Candy pumpkin

A candy pumpkin is a small, pumpkin-shaped, mellowcreme confection primarily made from corn syrup, honey, carnauba wax, and sugar.

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Caramel apple

Caramel apples or taffy apples are created by dipping or rolling apples-on-a-stick in hot caramel, sometimes then rolling them in nuts or other small savories or confections, and allowing them to cool.

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Caramel corn

Caramel corn or caramel popcorn is a confection made of popcorn coated with a sugar or molasses based caramel candy shell.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Catholic school

Catholic schools are parochial schools or education ministries of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Celtic mythology

Celtic mythology is the mythology of Celtic polytheism, the religion of the Iron Age Celts.

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Celtic nations

The Celtic nations are territories in western Europe where Celtic languages or cultural traits have survived.

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Celtic Otherworld

In Celtic mythology, the Otherworld is the realm of the deities and possibly also of the dead.

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Celtic polytheism

Celtic polytheism, commonly known as Celtic paganism, comprises the religious beliefs and practices adhered to by the Iron Age people of Western Europe now known as the Celts, roughly between 500 BCE and 500 CE, spanning the La Tène period and the Roman era, and in the case of the Insular Celts the British and Irish Iron Age.

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The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.

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The abbreviation cf. (short for the confer/conferatur, both meaning "compare") is used in writing to refer the reader to other material to make a comparison with the topic being discussed.

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Champ (food)

Champ (brúitín in Irish) is an Irish dish, made by combining mashed potatoes and chopped spring onion with butter, milk, cheese and optionally, salt and pepper.

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Chicago Tribune

The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.

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Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Christ Child

The Christ Child, also known as Divine Infant, Baby Jesus, Infant Jesus, Child Jesus, the Holy Child, and Santo Niño, refers to Jesus Christ from his nativity to age 12.

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Christendom has several meanings.

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Christian art

Christian art is sacred art which uses themes and imagery from Christianity.

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Christian Church

"Christian Church" is an ecclesiological term generally used by Protestants to refer to the whole group of people belonging to Christianity throughout the history of Christianity.

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Christian cross

The Christian cross, seen as a representation of the instrument of the crucifixion of Jesus, is the best-known symbol of Christianity.

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Christian eschatology

Christian eschatology is a major branch of study within Christian theology dealing with the "last things." Eschatology, from two Greek words meaning "last" (ἔσχατος) and "study" (-λογία), is the study of 'end things', whether the end of an individual life, the end of the age, the end of the world and the nature of the Kingdom of God.

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Christian fundamentalism

Christian fundamentalism began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries among British and American Protestants at merriam-webster.com.

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Christian martyrs

A Christian martyr is a person who is killed because of their testimony for Jesus.

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Christian prayer

Prayer is an important activity in Christianity, and there are several different forms of Christian prayer.

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Christian theology

Christian theology is the theology of Christian belief and practice.

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Christian vegetarianism

Christian vegetarianism is a Christian practice based on effecting the compassionate teachings of Jesus, the twelve apostles, and the early church to all sentient or living beings through vegetarianism or, ideally, veganism.

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Christian views on alcohol

Christian views on alcohol are varied.

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Christian views on Hades

Hades, according to various Christian denominations, is "the place or state of departed spirits".

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Christian views on Hell

In Christian theology, Hell is the place or state into which by God's definitive judgment unrepentant sinners pass either immediately after death (particular judgment) or in the general judgment.

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Christian views on magic

Christian views on magic vary widely among denominations and among individuals.

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Christian views on sin

The doctrine of sin is central to Christianity, since its basic message is about redemption in Christ.

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Christian worship

In Christianity, worship is reverent honor and homage paid to God.

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Christianity in Bangladesh

The earliest recorded Christians in the territory of modern-day Bangladesh arrived during the Bengal Sultanate.

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Christianity in Ireland

Christianity is and has been the largest religion in Ireland.

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Christianity Today

Christianity Today magazine is an evangelical Christian periodical that was founded in 1956 and is based in Carol Stream, Illinois.

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Christianization (or Christianisation) is the conversion of individuals to Christianity or the conversion of entire groups at once.

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Christianized sites

The Christianization of sites that had been pagan occurred as a result of conversions in early Christian times, as well as an important part of the strategy of Interpretatio Christiana ("Christian reinterpretation") during the Christianization of pagan peoples.

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Christopher Allmand

Christopher Thomas Allmand (born 1936) is an English medieval historian, with a special focus on the Late Middle Ages in England and France, and the Hundred Years' War.

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Church bell

A church bell in the Christian tradition is a bell which is rung in a church for a variety of church purposes, and can be heard outside the building.

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Church service

A church service (also called a service of worship, or simply a service) is a formalized period of communal worship in Christian tradition.

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A churchyard is a patch of land adjoining or surrounding a church, which is usually owned by the relevant church or local parish itself.

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No description.

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Clifton, Cincinnati

Clifton is a neighborhood in the north central part of Cincinnati, Ohio, United States.

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Colcannon is a traditional Irish dish of mashed potatoes with kale or cabbage — as well as the name of a song about the dish.

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The collect is a short general prayer of a particular structure used in Christian liturgy.

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Confectionery is the art of making confections, which are food items that are rich in sugar and carbohydrates.

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Continental Europe

Continental or mainland Europe is the continuous continent of Europe excluding its surrounding islands.

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Corn maze

A corn maze or maize maze is a maze cut out of a corn field.

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Costume is the distinctive style of dress of an individual or group that reflects their class, gender, profession, ethnicity, nationality, activity or epoch.

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Costume party

A costume party (American English) or a fancy dress party (British English) is a type of party, common mainly in contemporary Western culture, where guests dress up in costumes.

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Cranachan (Crannachan) is a traditional Scottish dessert.

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Cross-dressing is the act of wearing items of clothing and other accoutrements commonly associated with the opposite sex within a particular society.

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Danse Macabre

The Danse Macabre (from the French language), also called the Dance of Death, is an artistic genre of allegory of the Late Middle Ages on the universality of death: no matter one's station in life, the Dance Macabre unites all.

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Day of the Dead

The Day of the Dead (Día de Muertos) is a Mexican holiday celebrated throughout Mexico, in particular the Central and South regions, and by people of Mexican ancestry living in other places, especially the United States.

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Derry, officially Londonderry, is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland.

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Devil in Christianity

In mainstream Christianity, the Devil (or Satan) is a fallen angel who rebelled against God.

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Devil's Night

Devil's Night is a name associated with October 30, the night before Halloween.

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The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".

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Disneyland Park, originally Disneyland, is the first of two theme parks built at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, opened on July 17, 1955.

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Divination (from Latin divinare "to foresee, to be inspired by a god", related to divinus, divine) is the attempt to gain insight into a question or situation by way of an occultic, standardized process or ritual.

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Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere).

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Dracula is an 1897 Gothic horror novel by Irish author Bram Stoker.

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Dream interpretation

Dream interpretation is the process of assigning meaning to dreams.

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Duke University

Duke University is a private, non-profit, research university located in Durham, North Carolina.

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Dziady is an ancient Slavic feast commemorating the dead ancestors.

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Early Christianity

Early Christianity, defined as the period of Christianity preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325, typically divides historically into the Apostolic Age and the Ante-Nicene Period (from the Apostolic Age until Nicea).

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.

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Edessa (Ἔδεσσα; الرها ar-Ruhā; Şanlıurfa; Riha) was a city in Upper Mesopotamia, founded on an earlier site by Seleucus I Nicator ca.

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English Reformation

The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.

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Ephrem the Syrian

Ephrem the Syrian (ܡܪܝ ܐܦܪܝܡ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ Mār Aprêm Sûryāyâ; Greek: Ἐφραίμ ὁ Σῦρος; Ephraem Syrus, also known as St. Ephraem (Ephrem, Ephraim); c. 306 – 373) was a Syriac Christian deacon and a prolific Syriac-language hymnographer and theologian of the 4th century.

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Epiphany (holiday)

Epiphany, also Theophany, Little Christmas, or Three Kings' Day, is a Christian feast day that celebrates the revelation of God incarnate as Jesus Christ.

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Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.

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In Christianity, Evangelism is the commitment to or act of publicly preaching of the Gospel with the intention of spreading the message and teachings of Jesus Christ.

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Evening is a daily astronomic event of variable time period between daytime and night.

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Evil, in a colloquial sense, is the opposite of good, the word being an efficient substitute for the more precise but religion-associated word "wickedness." As defined in philosophy it is the name for the psychology and instinct of individuals which selfishly but often necessarily defends the personal boundary against deadly attacks and serious threats.

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In some religions, an exorcist is a person who is believed to be able to cast out the devil or other demons.

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F. Marian McNeill

Florence Marian McNeill MBE was born on 26 March 1885 at Holm in Orkney.

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A fairy (also fata, fay, fey, fae, fair folk; from faery, faerie, "realm of the fays") is a type of mythical being or legendary creature in European folklore, a form of spirit, often described as metaphysical, supernatural, or preternatural.

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Fasting is the willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.

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Fasting and abstinence in the Catholic Church

The Catholic Church historically observes the disciplines of fasting and abstinence at various times each year.

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Festival of the Dead

Festival of the Dead or Feast of Ancestors is held by many cultures throughout the world in honor or recognition of deceased members of the community, generally occurring after the harvest in August, September, October, or November.

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Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.

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Folklore studies

Folklore studies, also known as folkloristics, and occasionally tradition studies or folk life studies in Britain, is the formal academic discipline devoted to the study of folklore.

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*For the origami, see Paper fortune teller.

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Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is a novel written by English author Mary Shelley (1797–1851) that tells the story of Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist who creates a grotesque but sapient creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment.

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Frankenstein (1931 film)

Frankenstein is a 1931 American pre-Code horror monster film from Universal Pictures directed by James Whale and adapted from the play by Peggy Webling (which in turn is based on the novel of the same name by Mary Shelley), about a scientist and his assistant who dig up corpses to build a man animated by electricity, but his assistant accidentally gives the creature an abnormal, murderer's brain.

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Gabriele Amorth

The Reverend Gabriele Amorth, (1 May 1925 – 16 September 2016) was an Italian Roman Catholic Priest and an exorcist of the Diocese of Rome who performed tens of thousands of exorcisms over his half a dozen plus decades as a Catholic Priest.

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The Gaels (Na Gaeil, Na Gàidheil, Ny Gaeil) are an ethnolinguistic group native to northwestern Europe.

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Geography of Halloween

Halloween, a contraction of All Hallows' Eve, is a celebration observed on 31 October, the day before the feast of All Hallows'.

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Ghost Festival

The Ghost Festival, also known as the Hungry Ghost Festival, Zhongyuan Jie (中元节), Gui Jie (鬼节) or Yulan Festival is a traditional Buddhist and Taoist festival held in certain Asian countries.

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Ghost story

A ghost story may be any piece of fiction, or drama, that includes a ghost, or simply takes as a premise the possibility of ghosts or characters' belief in them.

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Glamorgan, or sometimes Glamorganshire, (Morgannwg or Sir Forgannwg) is one of the thirteen historic counties of Wales and a former administrative county of Wales.

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God in Christianity

God in Christianity is the eternal being who created and preserves all things.

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Gothic fiction

Gothic fiction, which is largely known by the subgenre of Gothic horror, is a genre or mode of literature and film that combines fiction and horror, death, and at times romance.

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Greenwich Village

Greenwich Village often referred to by locals as simply "the Village", is a neighborhood on the west side of Lower Manhattan, New York City.

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Guy Fawkes Night

Guy Fawkes Night, also known as Guy Fawkes Day, Bonfire Night and Firework Night, is an annual commemoration observed on 5 November, primarily in Great Britain.

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Halakha (הֲלָכָה,; also transliterated as halacha, halakhah, halachah or halocho) is the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the Written and Oral Torah.

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Hallmark Cards

Hallmark Cards, Inc. is a private, family-owned U.S. company based in Kansas City, Missouri.

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To hallow is "to make holy or sacred, to sanctify or consecrate, to venerate".

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Halloween (poem)

"Halloween" is a poem written by the Scottish poet Robert Burns in 1785.

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Halloween cake

A Halloween cake is a cake prepared with Halloween-themed decorations and symbols.

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Halloween card

A Halloween card is a greeting card associated with Halloween.

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Halloween costume

Halloween costumes are costumes worn on or around Halloween, a festival which falls on October 31.

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Halloween Horror Nights

Halloween Horror Nights (formerly known as Fright Nights) is an annual special event that occurs at Universal Studios Florida, Universal Studios Hollywood, Universal Studios Singapore, and Universal Studios Japan.

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Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields.

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Harvest festival

A harvest festival is an annual celebration that occurs around the time of the main harvest of a given region.

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Haunted attraction (simulated)

A haunted attraction is a form of live entertainment that simulates the experience of covering haunted locations or envisioning horror fiction.

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Haunted Castle (Six Flags Great Adventure)

Haunted Castle was a haunted attraction at Six Flags Great Adventure amusement park in Jackson Township, New Jersey.

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A hayride, also known as a hayrack ride, is a traditional American and Canadian activity consisting of a recreational ride in a wagon or cart pulled by a tractor, horses or a truck, which has been loaded with hay or straw for comfortable seating.

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Heaven in Christianity

In Christianity, heaven is traditionally the location of the throne of God as well as the holy angelsEhrman, Bart.

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Helena, Montana

Helena is the state capital of the U.S. state of Montana and the county seat of Lewis and Clark County.

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Hell house

Hell houses are haunted attractions typically run by Christian churches or parachurch organizations.

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Herald Sun

The Herald Sun is a morning newspaper based in Melbourne, Australia published by The Herald and Weekly Times, a subsidiary of News Corp Australia, itself a subsidiary of News Corp. The Herald Sun primarily serves Victoria and shares many articles with other News Corporation daily newspapers, especially those from Australia. It is also available for purchase in Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and border regions of South Australia and southern New South Wales such as the Riverina and NSW South Coast, and is available digitally through its website and apps. In March 2009, the paper had a daily circulation of 530,000 from Monday to Friday.

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Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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History (U.S. TV network)

History (originally The History Channel from 1995 to 2008) is a history-based digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by A&E Networks, a joint venture between the Hearst Communications and the Disney–ABC Television Group division of the Walt Disney Company.

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History of malaria

The history of malaria stretches from its prehistoric origin as a zoonotic disease in the primates of Africa through to the 21st century.

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Hobby horse

The term hobby horse is used, principally by folklorists, to refer to the costumed characters that feature in some traditional seasonal customs, processions and similar observances around the world.

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Hollycombe Steam Collection

The Hollycombe Steam Collection is a collection of steam-powered vehicles, rides and attractions based near Liphook in Hampshire.

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Holy day of obligation

In the Catholic Church, holy days of obligation (also called holydays, holidays, or days of obligation) are days on which the faithful are expected to attend Mass, and engage in rest from work and recreation, according to the Third Commandment.

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Hop-tu-Naa is a Celtic festival celebrated in the Isle of Man on 31 October.

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Horror fiction

Horror is a genre of speculative fiction which is intended to, or has the capacity to frighten, scare, disgust, or startle its readers or viewers by inducing feelings of horror and terror.

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Hospitality refers to the relationship between a guest and a host, wherein the host receives the guest with goodwill, including the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers.

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Hot cross bun

A hot cross bun is a spiced sweet bun made with currants or raisins, marked with a cross on the top, and traditionally eaten on Good Friday in the British Isles, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa and some parts of the Americas.

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House blessing

House blessings (also known as house healings, house clearings, house cleansings and space clearing) are rites intended to protect the inhabitants of a house or apartment from misfortune, whether before moving into it or to "heal" it after an occurrence.

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Husk (or hull) in botany is the outer shell or coating of a seed.

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Intermediate state

In some forms of Christian eschatology, the intermediate state or interim state refers to a person's "intermediate" existence between one's death and the universal resurrection.

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Isle of Man

The Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin), also known simply as Mann (Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland.

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Jack Santino

Jack (John Francis) Santino, Ph.D. is an academic folklorist.

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A jack-o'-lantern (or jack o'lantern) is a carved pumpkin or turnip lantern, associated with the holiday of Halloween and named after the phenomenon of a strange light flickering over peat bogs, called will-o'-the-wisp or jack-o'-lantern.

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James George Frazer

Sir James George Frazer (1 January 1854 – 7 May 1941) was a Scottish social anthropologist influential in the early stages of the modern studies of mythology and comparative religion.

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A job, or occupation, is a person's role in society.

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John Mayne

John Mayne (1759–1836) was a Scottish printer, journalist and poet born in Dumfries, South West Scotland.

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Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.

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King cake

A king cake (sometimes shown as kingcake, kings' cake, king's cake, or three kings cake) is a type of cake associated in a number of countries with the festival of Epiphany at the end of the Christmas season; in other places, it is associated with the pre-Lenten celebrations of Mardi Gras/Carnival.

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Kingston, Ontario

Kingston is a city in eastern Ontario, Canada.

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Kirk is a Scottish and Northern English word meaning "church", or more specifically, the Church of Scotland.

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Knott's Berry Farm

Knott’s Berry Farm is a amusement park in Buena Park, California, United States, owned by Cedar Fair.

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Knott's Scary Farm

Knott's Scary Farm or Knott's Halloween Haunt is a seasonal Halloween event at Knott's Berry Farm in Buena Park, California.

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Ladies' Home Journal

Ladies' Home Journal is an American magazine published by the Meredith Corporation.

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Last Judgment

The Last Judgment, Final Judgment, Day of Judgment, Judgment Day, Doomsday, or The Day of the Lord (Hebrew Yom Ha Din) (יום הדין) or in Arabic Yawm al-Qiyāmah (یوم القيامة) or Yawm ad-Din (یوم الدین) is part of the eschatological world view of the Abrahamic religions and in the Frashokereti of Zoroastrianism.

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Lemuria (festival)

The Lemuralia or Lemuria was a feast in the religion of ancient Rome during which the Romans performed rites to exorcise the malevolent and fearful ghosts of the dead from their homes.

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Lent (Latin: Quadragesima: Fortieth) is a solemn religious observance in the Christian liturgical calendar that begins on Ash Wednesday and ends approximately six weeks later, before Easter Sunday.

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Lesley Bannatyne

Lesley Pratt Bannatyne is an American author who writes extensively on Halloween, especially its history, literature, and contemporary celebration.

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Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada, and the largest city in southern Alberta.

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Leviticus 18

Leviticus 18 is the eighteenth chapter of the Book of Leviticus in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.

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Liphook is a large village in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England.

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List of films set around Halloween

This is a list of films set on or around Halloween.

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List of Halloween television specials

No description.

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List of minor Old Testament figures, A–K

This list contains persons named in the Bible of minor notability, about whom either nothing or very little is known, aside from any family connections.

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Liturgical year

The liturgical year, also known as the church year or Christian year, as well as the kalendar, consists of the cycle of liturgical seasons in Christian churches that determines when feast days, including celebrations of saints, are to be observed, and which portions of Scripture are to be read either in an annual cycle or in a cycle of several years.

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Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

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Mangelwurzel or mangold wurzel (from German Mangel/Mangold and Wurzel, "root"), also called mangold,Wright, Clifford A. (2001) Mediterranean Vegetables: a cook's ABC of vegetables and their preparation in Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, the Middle East, and north Africa with more than 200 authentic recipes for the home cook Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Common Press,, mangel beet, field beet,, fodder beet and (archaic) root of scarcity is a cultivated root vegetable.

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Martin Luther

Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.

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Martinisingen (pronounced Martini-zingen; literally "Martin singing" i.e. "St. Martin Song") is an old Protestant custom which is found especially in East Friesland, but also on the Lüneburg Heath and in other parts of North and East Germany.

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Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.

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The masque was a form of festive courtly entertainment that flourished in 16th- and early 17th-century Europe, though it was developed earlier in Italy, in forms including the intermedio (a public version of the masque was the pageant).

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Mass (liturgy)

Mass is a term used to describe the main eucharistic liturgical service in many forms of Western Christianity.

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Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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McFarland & Company

McFarland & Company, Inc. is an independent book publisher based in Jefferson, North Carolina that specializes in academic and reference works, as well as general interest adult nonfiction.

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Meat-free days

Meat-free days are declared to discourage or prohibit the consumption of meat on certain days of the week.

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Medieval archaeology

Medieval archaeology is the study of humankind through its material culture, specialising in the period of the European Middle Ages.

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Memento mori

Memento mori (Latin: "remember that you have to die"), Oxford English Dictionary, Third Edition, June 2001.

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Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.

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Mickey's Not-So-Scary Halloween Party

Mickey's Not-So-Scary Halloween Party is a separate-admission Halloween-themed event held annually during the months of August, September, and October at the Magic Kingdom theme park of the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, near Orlando, and at Disneyland Paris Resort outside Paris, France.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Mischief Night

Mischief Night is an informal holiday on which certain children and teens engage in pranks and minor vandalism.

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Modern Paganism

Modern Paganism, also known as Contemporary Paganism and Neopaganism, is a collective term for new religious movements influenced by or claiming to be derived from the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near East.

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Molybdomancy (from ancient Greek μόλυβδος - molybdos "lead" + mancy, probably after Greek μολυβδομαντεία - molybdomanteia or French molybdomancie) is a technique of divination using molten metal.

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A monster is a creature which produces fear or physical harm by its appearance or its actions.

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Mummers play

Mummers' Plays are folk plays performed by troupes of amateur actors, traditionally all male, known as mummers or guisers (also by local names such as rhymers, pace-eggers, soulers, tipteerers, wrenboys, and galoshins).

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A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty

The National Trust, formally the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, is a conservation organisation in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the largest membership organisation in the United Kingdom.

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Neewollah Festival (Halloween spelled backwards) is an annual festival during the last week of October, in Independence, Kansas.

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New England

New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.

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New York's Village Halloween Parade

New York's Village Halloween Parade is an annual holiday parade and street pageant presented on the night of every Halloween in New York City's Greenwich Village.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Ninety-five Theses

The Ninety-five Theses or Disputation on the Power of Indulgences is a list of propositions for an academic disputation written in 1517 by Martin Luther, professor of moral theology at the University of Wittenberg, Germany, that started the Reformation, a schism in the Catholic Church which profoundly changed Europe.

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In English church history, a nonconformist was a Protestant who did not "conform" to the governance and usages of the established Church of England.

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Northeast Philadelphia

Northeast Philadelphia, nicknamed Northeast Philly, the Northeast and the Great Northeast, is a section of the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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Northern Hemisphere

The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is north of the Equator.

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The term occult (from the Latin word occultus "clandestine, hidden, secret") is "knowledge of the hidden".

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Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

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Old Irish

Old Irish (Goídelc; Sean-Ghaeilge; Seann Ghàidhlig; Shenn Yernish; sometimes called Old Gaelic) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant.

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Old St. Peter's Basilica

Old St.

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Oomancy (sometimes ovomancy or ooscopy) refers to divination by eggs.

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Oratory (worship)

An oratory is a Christian room for prayer, from the Latin orare, to pray.

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Orkney (Orkneyjar), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Great Britain.

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Orthodox Judaism

Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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Paganism is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for populations of the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism, either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ).

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Pantheon, Rome

The Pantheon (or; Pantheum,Although the spelling Pantheon is standard in English, only Pantheum is found in classical Latin; see, for example, Pliny, Natural History: "Agrippae Pantheum decoravit Diogenes Atheniensis". See also Oxford Latin Dictionary, s.v. "Pantheum"; Oxford English Dictionary, s.v.: "post-classical Latin pantheon a temple consecrated to all the gods (6th cent.; compare classical Latin pantheum". from Greek Πάνθειον Pantheion, " of all the gods") is a former Roman temple, now a church, in Rome, Italy, on the site of an earlier temple commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD). It was completed by the emperor Hadrian and probably dedicated about 126 AD. Its date of construction is uncertain, because Hadrian chose not to inscribe the new temple but rather to retain the inscription of Agrippa's older temple, which had burned down. The building is circular with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns (eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment. A rectangular vestibule links the porch to the rotunda, which is under a coffered concrete dome, with a central opening (oculus) to the sky. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same,. It is one of the best-preserved of all Ancient Roman buildings, in large part because it has been in continuous use throughout its history, and since the 7th century, the Pantheon has been used as a church dedicated to "St. Mary and the Martyrs" (Sancta Maria ad Martyres) but informally known as "Santa Maria Rotonda". The square in front of the Pantheon is called Piazza della Rotonda. The Pantheon is a state property, managed by Italy's Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism through the Polo Museale del Lazio; in 2013 it was visited by over 6 million people. The Pantheon's large circular domed cella, with a conventional temple portico front, was unique in Roman architecture. Nevertheless, it became a standard exemplar when classical styles were revived, and has been copied many times by later architects.

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Papist is a pejorative term referring to the Roman Catholic Church, its teachings, practices, or adherents.

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A Paraklesis (Slavonic: молебенъ) or Supplicatory Canon in the Byzantine Rite, is a service of supplication for the welfare of the living.

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In ancient Rome, the Parentalia or dies parentales ("ancestral days") was a nine-day festival held in honor of family ancestors, beginning on 13 February.

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Parish (Church of England)

The parish with its local parish church is the basic unit of the Church of England.

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Patron saint

A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.

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Paulist Fathers

The Missionary Society of Saint Paul the Apostle, better known as the Paulist Fathers, is a Roman Catholic society of apostolic life for men founded in New York City in 1858 by Servant of God Isaac Thomas Hecker in collaboration with George Deshon, Augustine Hewit, and Francis A. Baker.

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Pelican Publishing Company

Pelican Publishing Company is a book publisher based in Gretna, a suburb of New Orleans.

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The Christian feast day of Pentecost is seven weeks after Easter Sunday: that is to say, the fiftieth day after Easter inclusive of Easter Sunday.

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The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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A pietà (meaning "pity", "compassion") is a subject in Christian art depicting the Virgin Mary cradling the dead body of Jesus, most often found in sculpture.

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A pitchfork is an agricultural tool with a long handle and tynes used to lift and pitch or throw loose material, such as hay, straw or leaves.

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Pitru Paksha

Pitru Paksha (पितृ पक्ष), also spelt as Pitri paksha, (literally "fortnight of the ancestors") is a 16–lunar day period in Hindu calendar when Hindus pay homage to their ancestor (Pitrs), especially through food offerings.

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Poisoned candy myths

Poisoned candy myths are urban legends about malevolent strangers hiding poisons or sharp objects such as razor blades, needles, or broken glass in candy and distributing the candy in order to harm random children, especially during Halloween trick-or-treating.

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Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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Pomona (mythology)

Pomona (Pōmōna) was a goddess of fruitful abundance in ancient Roman religion and myth.

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Pope Boniface IV

Pope Boniface IV (Bonifatius IV; d. 8 May 615) was Pope from 25 September 608 to his death in 615.

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Pope Gregory III

Pope Gregory III (Gregorius III; died 28 November 741) was Pope from 11 February 731 to his death in 741.

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Pope Gregory IV

Pope Gregory IV (Gregorius IV; d. 25 January 844) was Pope from October 827 to his death in 844.

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Portland, Oregon

Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County.

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Potato pancake

Potato pancakes, latkes, deruny or boxties are shallow-fried pancakes of grated or ground potato, flour and egg, often flavored with grated garlic or onion and seasoning.

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Practical joke

A practical joke, or prank, is a mischievous trick played on someone, generally causing the victim to experience embarrassment, perplexity, confusion, or discomfort.

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Prayer for the dead

Wherever there is a belief in the continued existence of human personality through and after death, religion naturally concerns itself with the relations between the living and the dead.

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Predestination, in theology, is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God, usually with reference to the eventual fate of the individual soul.

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A procession (French procession via Middle English, derived from Latin, processio, from procedere, to go forth, advance, proceed) is an organized body of people walking in a formal or ceremonial manner.

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Propitiation, also called expiation, is the act of appeasing or making well-disposed a deity, thus incurring divine favor or avoiding divine retribution.

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Protestant Reformers

Protestant Reformers were those theologians whose careers, works and actions brought about the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century.

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Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Public health

Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".

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Pumpkin seed

A pumpkin seed, also known as a pepita (from the Mexican pepita de calabaza, "little seed of squash"), is the edible seed of a pumpkin or certain other cultivars of squash.

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Punkie Night

Punkie Night is a Westcountry custom practised on the last Thursday of October related to Halloween in Somerset.

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A puppeteer is a person who manipulates an inanimate object that might be shaped like a human, animal or mythical creature, or another object to create the illusion that the puppet is "alive".

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In Roman Catholic theology, purgatory (via Anglo-Norman and Old French) is an intermediate state after physical death in which some of those ultimately destined for heaven must first "undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven," holding that "certain offenses can be forgiven in this age, but certain others in the age to come." And that entrance into Heaven requires the "remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven," for which indulgences may be given which remove "either part or all of the temporal punishment due to sin," such as an "unhealthy attachment" to sin.

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Purim (Hebrew: Pûrîm "lots", from the word pur, related to Akkadian: pūru) is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the saving of the Jewish people from Haman, who was planning to kill all the Jews.

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Quarter days

In British and Irish tradition, the quarter days were the four dates in each year on which servants were hired, school terms started, and rents were due.

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In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.

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Reaktion Books

Reaktion Books is an independent book publisher based in Islington, London, England.

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Reform Judaism

Reform Judaism (also known as Liberal Judaism or Progressive Judaism) is a major Jewish denomination that emphasizes the evolving nature of the faith, the superiority of its ethical aspects to the ceremonial ones, and a belief in a continuous revelation not centered on the theophany at Mount Sinai.

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The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.

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Reformation Day

Reformation Day is a Protestant Christian religious holiday celebrated on October 31, alongside All Hallows' Eve (Halloween) during the triduum of Allhallowtide, in remembrance of the onset of the Reformation.

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In religion, a relic usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial.

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Religion in ancient Rome

Religion in Ancient Rome includes the ancestral ethnic religion of the city of Rome that the Romans used to define themselves as a people, as well as the religious practices of peoples brought under Roman rule, in so far as they became widely followed in Rome and Italy.

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Rite of passage

A rite of passage is a ceremony of the passage which occurs when an individual leaves one group to enter another.

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Robert Burns

Robert Burns (25 January 175921 July 1796), also known as Rabbie Burns, the Bard of Ayrshire, Ploughman Poet and various other names and epithets, was a Scottish poet and lyricist.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston (Archidioecesis Bostoniensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or Archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the New England region of the United States.

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Ronald Hutton

Ronald Hutton (born 1953) is an English historian who specialises in the study of Early Modern Britain, British folklore, pre-Christian religion and contemporary Paganism.

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Rosamond McKitterick

Rosamond Deborah McKitterick, (born 31 May 1949) is a British medieval historian, whose work focuses on the Frankish kingdoms in the 8th and 9th centuries, using palaeographical and manuscript studies to illuminate aspects of the political, cultural, intellectual, religious and social history of the early Middle Ages.

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Rowman & Littlefield

Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.

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The rutabaga (from Swedish dialectal word rotabagge), swede (from Swedish turnip, being introduced from Sweden), or neep (from its Latin name Brassica napobrassica) is a root vegetable that originated as a cross between the cabbage and the turnip.

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Ruth Edna Kelley

Ruth Edna Kelley (8 April 1893 – 4 March 1982) was an American librarian and author.

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A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.

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Saint John's Eve

When the sun sets on 23 June, Saint John's Eve, is the eve of celebration before the Feast Day of Saint John the Baptist.

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Samhain is a Gaelic festival marking the end of the harvest season and the beginning of winter or the "darker half" of the year.

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Satan is an entity in the Abrahamic religions that seduces humans into sin.

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A scarecrow is a decoy or mannequin, often in the shape of a human.

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A scone is a baked good, usually made of wheat, or oatmeal with baking powder as a leavening agent and baked on sheet pans.

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Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scots language

Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).

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Scrying (also known by various names such as "seeing" or "peeping") is the practice of looking into a suitable medium in the hope of detecting significant messages or visions.

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Sheikh (pronounced, or; شيخ, mostly pronounced, plural شيوخ)—also transliterated Sheik, Shykh, Shaik, Shayk, Shaykh, Cheikh, Shekh, and Shaikh—is an honorific title in the Arabic language.

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Shrove Tuesday

Shrove Tuesday (also known in Commonwealth countries and Ireland as Pancake Tuesday or Pancake day) is the day in February or March immediately preceding Ash Wednesday (the first day of Lent), which is celebrated in some countries by consuming pancakes.

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Sign of the cross

The sign of the cross (signum crucis), or blessing oneself or crossing oneself, is a ritual blessing made by members of most branches of Christianity.

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Six Flags Fright Fest

Six Flags Fright Fest (formerly Fright Nights) is a Halloween-oriented event held annually at various Six Flags theme parks.

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Skull and crossbones (Spanish cemetery)

Actual skulls and bones were long used to mark the entrances to Spanish cemeteries (campo santo).

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Somerset (or archaically, Somersetshire) is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west.

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Soul cake

A soul cake is a small round cake which is traditionally made for All Hallows' Eve, All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day to commemorate the dead in the Christian tradition.

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Soul in the Bible

The traditional concept of an immaterial and immortal soul distinct from the body was not found in Judaism before the Babylonian exile, but developed as a result of interaction with Persian and Hellenistic philosophies.

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A spirit is a supernatural being, often but not exclusively a non-physical entity; such as a ghost, fairy, or angel.

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St. Nicholas Magazine


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In Scottish folklore, sunwise, ‘’’deosil’’’ or sunward (clockwise) was considered the “prosperous course”, turning from east to west in the direction of the sun.

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Sweet corn

Sweet corn (Zea mays convar. saccharata var. rugosa; also called sugar corn and pole corn) is a cereal with a high sugar content.

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A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.

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Symbols of death

Symbols of death are the symbolic, often allegorical, portrayal of death in various cultures.

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Sympathetic magic

Sympathetic magic, also known as imitative magic, is a type of magic based on imitation or correspondence.

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The Golden Bough

The Golden Bough: A Study in Comparative Religion (retitled The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion in its second edition) is a wide-ranging, comparative study of mythology and religion, written by the Scottish anthropologist Sir James George Frazer.

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The Haunted Mansion

The Haunted Mansion is a dark ride attraction located at Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort), Magic Kingdom, and Tokyo Disneyland.

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The History Press

The History Press is a British publishing company specialising in the publication of titles devoted to local and specialist history.

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The Manitoban

The Manitoban is the official student newspaper at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

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The Mummy (1932 film)

The Mummy is a 1932 American pre-Code horror film directed by Karl Freund.

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The New Zealand Herald

The New Zealand Herald is a daily newspaper published in Auckland, New Zealand, owned by New Zealand Media and Entertainment.

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The Oregon Journal

The Oregon Journal was Portland, Oregon's daily afternoon newspaper from 1902 to 1982.

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The Two Gentlemen of Verona

The Two Gentlemen of Verona is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1589 and 1593.

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Thursday of the Dead

Thursday of the Dead (خميس الأموات, Khamis al-Amwat), also known as Thursday of the Secrets (خميس الأسرار, Khamis al-Asrar) or Thursday of the EggsMorgenstern, 1966, p. 158.

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Totensonntag (Sunday of the Dead), also called Ewigkeitssonntag (Eternity Sunday) or Totenfest, is a German Protestant religious holiday commemorating the dead.

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Town crier

A town crier, also called a bellman, is an officer of the court who makes public pronouncements as required by the court (cf. Black's Law Dictionary).

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Tract (literature)

A tract is a literary work, and in current usage, usually religious in nature.

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Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF

Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF is a fund-raising program for children sponsored by the U.S. Fund for UNICEF.

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Trick-or-treating is a Halloween ritual custom for children and adults in many countries.

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A triduum (plural: tridua) is a religious observance lasting three days.

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Trunk (car)

The trunk (North American English), boot (British English) or compartment (South-East Asia) of a car is the vehicle's main storage compartment.

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The turnip or white turnip (Brassica rapa subsp. rapa) is a root vegetable commonly grown in temperate climates worldwide for its white, bulbous taproot.

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Twelfth Night (holiday)

Twelfth Night is a festival in some branches of Christianity marking the coming of the Epiphany.

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Unclean spirit

In English translations of the Bible, unclean spirit is a common rendering of Greek pneuma akatharton (πνεῦμα ἀκάθαρτον; plural pneumata akatharta (πνεύματα ἀκάθαρτα)), which in its single occurrence in the Septuagint translates Hebrew tum'ah (רוח טומאה).

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The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations (UN) program headquartered in New York City that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.

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United States Junior Chamber

The United States Junior Chamber, also known as the Jaycees, JCs or JCI USA, is a leadership training and civic organization for people between the ages of 18 and 40.

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Universal Studios Florida

Universal Studios Florida is a theme park and production studio located in Orlando, Florida, United States.

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Universal Studios Japan

, located in Osaka, is one of four Universal Studios theme parks, owned and operated by USJ Co., Ltd., which is wholly owned by NBCUniversal (as of 2017).

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Universal Studios Singapore

Universal Studios Singapore is a theme park located within Resorts World Sentosa on Sentosa Island, Singapore.

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University of Pennsylvania Press

The University of Pennsylvania Press (or Penn Press) is a university press affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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University of Surrey

The University of Surrey is a public research university located within the county town of Guildford, Surrey, in the South East of England, United Kingdom.

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University of Tennessee Press

The University of Tennessee Press is a university press associated with the University of Tennessee.

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USA Today

USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.

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A vanitas is a symbolic work of art showing the transience of life, the futility of pleasure, and the certainty of death, often contrasting symbols of wealth and symbols of ephemerality and death.

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Vespers is a sunset evening prayer service in the Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Eastern Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran liturgies of the canonical hours.

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A vigil, from the Latin vigilia meaning wakefulness (Greek: pannychis, παννυχίς or agrypnia ἀγρυπνία), is a period of purposeful sleeplessness, an occasion for devotional watching, or an observance.

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Vigils is a term for night prayer in ancient Christianity.

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Votive candle

A votive candle or prayer candle is a small candle, typically white or beeswax yellow, intended to be burnt as a votive offering in an act of Christian prayer, especially within the Anglican and Roman Catholic Christian denominations, among others.

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Walpurgis Night

Walpurgis Night, an abbreviation of Saint Walpurgis Night (from the German Sankt Walpurgisnacht), also known as Saint Walpurga's Eve (alternatively spelled Saint Walburga's Eve), is the eve of the Christian feast day of Saint Walpurga, an 8th-century abbess in Francia, and is celebrated on the night of 30 April and the day of 1 May.

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Walter Evans-Wentz

Walter Yeeling Evans-Wentz (February 2, 1878 – July 17, 1965) was an American anthropologist and writer who was a pioneer in the study of Tibetan Buddhism, and in transmission of Tibetan Buddhism to the Western world, most known for publishing an early English translation of The Tibetan Book of the Dead in 1927.

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Westdeutscher Rundfunk

Westdeutscher Rundfunk Köln (WDR, West German Broadcasting Cologne) is a German public-broadcasting institution based in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office in Cologne.

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Western Christianity

Western Christianity is the type of Christianity which developed in the areas of the former Western Roman Empire.

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White horse (mythology)

White horses have a special significance in the mythologies of cultures around the world.

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Wicca, also termed Pagan Witchcraft, is a contemporary Pagan new religious movement.

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A will-o'-the-wisp, will-o'-wisp or ignis fatuus (Medieval Latin for "foolish fire") is an atmospheric ghost light seen by travellers at night, especially over bogs, swamps or marshes.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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WSAI is an AM radio station broadcasting out of Cincinnati, Ohio.

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Redirects here:

All Hallow's Eve, All Hallows Eve, All Hallows' Eve, All Hallows’ Even, All Saints Eve, All Saints' Eve, Allhallowe'en, Allhalloween, Dia de las Brujas, Día de las Brujas, Halaween, Hallow Eve, Hallow's eve, Hallow-e'en, Hallowe'En, Hallowe'en, Halloween Day, Halloween games, Halloween's origin, Hallowen, Hallowe’en, Halowe'en, Haloween, Halowen, Helloween holiday, History and folklore of Halloween, History of Halloween, Hollaween, Holloween, Hollowen, Holoween, Night of darkness, Noche de las Brujas, Ol' hallow's eve, Old hallow's eve, Snap Apple Night, Trilloween.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halloween

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