508 relations: A Midsummer Night's Dream, A. L. 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A Midsummer Night's Dream is a comedy written by William Shakespeare in 1595/96.
Alfred Leslie Rowse (4 December 1903 – 3 October 1997) was a British author and historian from Cornwall.
Abbeville Publishing Group is an independent book publishing company specializing in fine art and illustrated books.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Award for Best Picture is one of the Academy Awards presented annually since the awards debuted in 1929, by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
An act is a division or unit of a theatre work, including a play, film, opera, and musical theatre.
Albert Hirschfeld (June 21, 1903 – January 20, 2003) was an American caricaturist best known for his black and white portraits of celebrities and Broadway stars.
Alexander Petrovich Sumarokov (Алекса́ндр Петро́вич Сумаро́ков;, Moscow –, Moscow) was a Russian poet and playwright who single-handedly created classical theatre in Russia, thus assisting Mikhail Lomonosov to inaugurate the reign of classicism in Russian literature.
Alexandre Dumas (born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie; 24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870), also known as Alexandre Dumas, père ("father"), was a French writer.
The American Journal of Psychology was the first English-language journal devoted primarily to experimental psychology (though Mind, founded in 1876, published some experimental psychology earlier).
The American Shakespeare Center (ASC) is a regional theatre company located in Staunton, Virginia, that focuses on the plays of William Shakespeare; his contemporaries Ben Jonson, Beaumont and Fletcher, Christopher Marlowe; and works related to Shakespeare, like James Goldman's The Lion in Winter and Bob Carlton's Return to the Forbidden Planet. The ASC is notable for its theatre, the Blackfriars Playhouse, the world's first recreation of the original indoor Blackfriars Theatre in London that was demolished in 1655.
Amleth (Latinized Amlethus, Old Icelandic Amlóði) is a figure in a medieval Scandinavian legend, the direct predecessor of the character of Prince Hamlet, the hero of William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet, Prince of Denmark.
In rhetoric, an anaphora ("carrying back") is a rhetorical device that consists of repeating a sequence of words at the beginnings of neighboring clauses, thereby lending them emphasis.
Andrew Scott (born 21 October 1976) is an Irish film, television, and stage actor.
Angela Olive Carter-Pearce (née Stalker; 7 May 1940 – 16 February 1992), who published under the pen name Angela Carter, was an English novelist, short story writer and journalist, known for her feminist, magical realism, and picaresque works.
Angela Winkler (born 22 January 1944) is a German actress.
Anne of Denmark (12 December 1574 – 2 March 1619) was Queen consort of Scotland, England, and Ireland by marriage to King James VI and I. The second daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark, Anne married James in 1589 at age 15 and bore him three children who survived infancy, including the future Charles I. She demonstrated an independent streak and a willingness to use factional Scottish politics in her conflicts with James over the custody of Prince Henry and his treatment of her friend Beatrix Ruthven.
Antonio's Revenge is a late Elizabethan play written by John Marston and performed by the Children of Paul's.
The Arden Shakespeare is a long-running series of scholarly editions of the works of William Shakespeare.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Asimov's Guide to Shakespeare (1970) by Isaac Asimov is a two-volume guide to the works of the celebrated English writer William Shakespeare.
Associated University Presses (AUP) is a publishing company based in the United States, formed and operated as a consortium of several American university presses.
Asta Nielsen (11 September 1881 – 24 May 1972) was a Danish silent film actress who was one of the most popular leading ladies of the 1910s and one of the first international movie stars.
Asyndeton (from the ἀσύνδετον, "unconnected", sometimes called asyndetism) is a literary scheme in which one or several conjunctions are deliberately omitted from a series of related clauses.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
A bad quarto, in Shakespearean scholarship, is a quarto-sized publication of one of Shakespeare's plays that is considered spurious, pirated from a theatre without permission by someone in the audience writing it down as it was spoken or written down later by an actor or group of actors, which, according to a theory, has been termed "memorial reconstruction".
Baldassare Castiglione (December 6, 1478 – February 2, 1529),Dates of birth and death, and cause of the latter, from, Italica, Rai International online.
The Barbican Centre is a performing arts centre in the Barbican Estate of the City of London and the largest of its kind in Europe.
Bernard Aloysius Kiernan "Barnard" Hughes (July 16, 1915 – July 11, 2006) was an American actor of television, theater and film.
Barnes & Noble, Inc., a Fortune 500 company, is the bookseller with the largest number of retail outlets in the United States, and a retailer of content, digital media, and educational products.
Bartleby.com is an electronic text archive, headquartered in Los Angeles and named after Herman Melville's story "Bartleby, the Scrivener." It was founded under the name "Project Bartleby" in January 1993 by Steven H. van Leeuwen as a personal, non-profit collection of classic literature on the website of Columbia University.
Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, often simply called Bartlett's, is an American reference work that is the longest-lived and most widely distributed collection of quotations.
Belvoir St Theatre is an Australian theatre company venue in Sydney, New South Wales.
Benjamin John Whishaw (born 14 October 1980) is an English actor.
Benedict Timothy Carlton Cumberbatch (born 19 July 1976) is an English actor who has performed in film, television, theatre and radio.
In literary criticism, a Bildungsroman ("bildung", meaning "education", and "roman", meaning "novel"; English: "novel of formation, education, culture"; "coming-of-age story") is a literary genre that focuses on the psychological and moral growth of the protagonist from youth to adulthood (coming of age), in which character change is extremely important.
Blenheim Palace (pronounced) is a monumental English country house situated in the civil parish of Blenheim near Woodstock, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom.
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (|p|æ|s|t|ər|ˌ|n|æ|k) (29 January 1890 - 30 May 1960) was a Soviet Russian poet, novelist, and literary translator.
A breeches role (also pants role or trouser role, travesti or "Hosenrolle") is a role in which an actress appears in male clothing.
The Broadhurst Theatre is a Broadway theatre located at 235 West 44th Street in Midtown Manhattan.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Canongate Books (often simply Canongate) is a Scottish independent publishing firm based in Edinburgh; it is named for the Canongate, an area of the city.
Caridad Svich (born July 30, 1963) is an award-winning playwright, songwriter/lyricist, translator, and editor who was born in the United States of Cuban-Argentine-Spanish-Croatian parents.
The Caroline or Carolean era refers to the era in English and Scottish history during the Stuart period (1603–1714) that coincided with the reign of Charles I (1625–1642), Carolus being Latin for Charles.
Carolyn Gold Heilbrun (January 13, 1926 – October 9, 2003) was an American academic at Columbia University, the first woman to receive tenure in the English department, and a prolific feminist author of academic studies.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cengage is an educational content, technology, and services company for the higher education, K-12, professional, and library markets worldwide.
Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles Kemble (25 November 1775 – 12 November 1854) was a British actor.
Charles Peete Rose Jr. (born January 5, 1942) is an American television journalist and former talk show host.
Charlie Rose is an American television interview show, with Charlie Rose as executive producer, executive editor, and host.
The Children of the Chapel were the boys with unbroken voices, choristers, who formed part of the Chapel Royal, the body of singers and priests serving the spiritual needs of their sovereign wherever they were called upon to do so.
Christian Camargo (né Minnick; born July 7, 1971) is an American actor, producer, writer, and director.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Christopher Eccleston (born 16 February 1964) is an English actor.
Christopher Walken (born Ronald Walken on March 31, 1943) is an American actor of screen and stage who has appeared in more than 100 films and television shows, including Annie Hall (1977), The Deer Hunter (1978), The Dogs of War (1980), The Dead Zone (1983), A View to a Kill (1985), Batman Returns (1992), True Romance (1993), Pulp Fiction (1994), Antz (1998), Sleepy Hollow (1999), Catch Me If You Can (2002), Hairspray (2007), Seven Psychopaths (2012), the first three Prophecy films, The Jungle Book (2016), as well as music videos by many popular recording artists.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark or National Church, sometimes called Church of Denmark (Den Danske Folkekirke or Folkekirken, literally: "the People's Church" or "the National Church"), is the established, state-supported church in Denmark.
Cinderella (Cenerentola, Cendrillon, Aschenputtel), or The Little Glass Slipper, is a folk tale embodying a myth-element of unjust oppression and triumphant reward.
Cinema Journal is published by the University of Texas Press on behalf of the Society for Cinema and Media Studies (formerly the Society for Cinema Studies).
The classical unities, Aristotelian unities, or three unities are rules for drama derived from a passage in Aristotle's Poetics.
A coincidence is a remarkable concurrence of events or circumstances that have no apparent causal connection with one another.
Colleen Rose Dewhurst (3 June 1924 – 22 August 1991) was a Canadian-American actress.
Columbia Masterworks Records was a record label started in 1924 by Columbia Records.
Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Constable & Robinson Ltd. is an imprint of Little, Brown which publishes fiction and non-fiction books and ebooks.
The Core Curriculum was originally developed as the main curriculum used by Columbia University's Columbia College in 1919.
Corpus Christi College (full name:The President and Scholars of the College of Corpus Christi in the University of Oxford), is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
The Crown Publishing Group is a subsidiary of Random House that publishes across several categories including fiction, non-fiction, biography, autobiography and memoir, cooking, health, business, and lifestyle.
Cultural materialism in literary theory and cultural studies traces its origin to the work of the left-wing literary critic Raymond Williams.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The Daily Mirror is a British national daily tabloid newspaper founded in 1903.
Sir Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis (born 29 April 1957) is a retired English actor who holds both British and Irish citizenship.
David Davalos (born 1965) is an American playwright.
David Garrick (19 February 1717 – 20 January 1779) was an English actor, playwright, theatre manager and producer who influenced nearly all aspects of theatrical practice throughout the 18th century, and was a pupil and friend of Dr Samuel Johnson.
David Tennant (born David John McDonald; 18 April 1971) is a Scottish actor and voice actor.
David Hattersley Warner (born 29 July 1941) is an English actor who is known for playing both romantic leads and sinister or villainous characters across a range of media, including stage, film, animation, television and video games.
David Wenham (born 21 September 1965) is an Australian actor who has appeared in movies, television series and theatre productions.
Decorum (from the Latin: "right, proper") was a principle of classical rhetoric, poetry and theatrical theory that was about the fitness or otherwise of a style to a theatrical subject.
The Delacorte Theater is a 1,800-seat open-air theater located in Central Park, in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Diane Venora (born August 10, 1952) is an American stage, television and film actress.
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич|Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich,; 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist.
The Donmar Warehouse is a 251-seat, not-for-profit theatre in Covent Garden, London, England.
A double entendre is a figure of speech or a particular way of wording that is devised to be understood in two ways, having a double meaning.
The word Dramaturgy, is from the greek δραματουργέιν 'to write a drama'.
A droll is a short comical sketch of a type that originated during the Puritan Interregnum in England.
The Duke's Company was a theatre company chartered by King Charles II at the start of the Restoration era, 1660.
The DuMont Television Network (also known as the DuMont Network, simply DuMont/Du Mont, or (incorrectly) Dumont) was one of the world's pioneer commercial television networks, rivalling NBC and CBS for the distinction of being first overall in the United States.
Sir Edmund Kerchever Chambers, (16 March 1866 – 21 January 1954), usually cited as E. K. Chambers, was an English literary critic and Shakespearean scholar.
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
The earliest texts of William Shakespeare's works were published during the 16th and 17th centuries in quarto or folio format.
Edmund Kean (4 November 178715 May 1833) was a celebrated British Shakespearean stage actor born in England, who performed, among other places, in London, Belfast, New York, Quebec, and Paris. He was somewhat notorious for his short stature, tumultuous personal life, and controversial divorce.
Edmund Spenser (1552/1553 – 13 January 1599) was an English poet best known for The Faerie Queene, an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth I. He is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of nascent Modern English verse, and is often considered one of the greatest poets in the English language.
Edward Blount (or Blunt) (1562–1632) was a London publisher of the Elizabethan, Jacobean, and Caroline eras, noted for his publication, in conjunction with William and Isaac Jaggard, of the First Folio of Shakespeare's plays in 1623.
Edward Henry Gordon CraigSome sources give "Henry Edward Gordon Craig".
Edwin Thomas Booth (November 13, 1833 – June 7, 1893) was an American actor who toured throughout the United States and the major capitals of Europe, performing Shakespearean plays.
Eileen Herlie (March 8, 1918 – October 8, 2008) was a Scottish-American actress.
Elaine Showalter (born January 21, 1941) is an American literary critic, feminist, and writer on cultural and social issues.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.
Epic films are a style of filmmaking with large scale, sweeping scope, and spectacle.
Eric Sams (3 May 1926 – 13 September 2004) was a British musicologist and Shakespeare scholar.
Alfred Ernest Jones (1 January 1879 – 11 February 1958) was a Welsh neurologist and psychoanalyst.
Ernst Lubitsch (January 29, 1892November 30, 1947) was a German American film director, producer, writer, and actor.
Esmeralda "Es" Devlin OBE is a designer.
The Essays (Essais) of Michel de Montaigne are contained in three books and 107 chapters of varying length.
Ethan Green Hawke (born November 6, 1970) is an American actor, writer, and director.
Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.
Faber and Faber Limited, often abbreviated to Faber, is an independent publishing house in the United Kingdom.
Sir John Falstaff is a fictional character who is mentioned in four plays by William Shakespeare and appears on stage in three of them.
Fantasy in a psychological sense refers to two different possible aspects of the mind, the conscious, and the unconscious.
Fatal Attraction is a 1987 American psychological erotic thriller film directed by Adrian Lyne and written by James Dearden.
Faust is the protagonist of a classic German legend, based on the historical Johann Georg Faust (c. 1480–1540).
Feminist literary criticism is literary criticism informed by feminist theory, or more broadly, by the politics of feminism.
Fencing is a group of three related combat sports.
Ferdinand Freiligrath (17 June 1810 – 18 March 1876) was a German poet, translator and liberal agitator, who is considered part of the Young Germany movement.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
Fifth Avenue Theatre was a Broadway theatre in New York City in the United States located at 31 West 28th Street and Broadway (1185 Broadway).
A flashback (sometimes called an analepsis) is an interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point in the story.
A flat (short for scenery flat) or coulisse is a flat piece of theatrical scenery which is painted and positioned on stage so as to give the appearance of buildings or other background.
The Folger Shakespeare Library is an independent research library on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., in the United States.
Fortinbras is either of two minor fictional characters from William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet.
Fortinbras is a 1991 play by American playwright Lee Blessing.
François de Belleforest (1530 – 1 January 1583) was a prolific French author, poet and translator of the Renaissance.
Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, (22 January 15619 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author.
Francis Meres (1565/6 – 29 January 1647) was an English churchman and author.
Franco Zeffirelli, KBE Grande Ufficiale OMRI (born 12 February 1923) is an Italian director and producer of operas, films and television.
A funeral procession is a procession, usually in motor vehicles or by foot, from a funeral home or place of worship to the cemetery or crematorium.
Gabriel Harvey (c. 1552/3 – 1631) was an English writer.
A gender role, also known as a sex role, is a social role encompassing a range of behaviors and attitudes that are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for people based on their actual or perceived sex or sexuality.
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.
Geoffrey Roy Rush (born 6 July 1951) is an Australian actor.
George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.
Mary Anne Evans (22 November 1819 – 22 December 1880; alternatively "Mary Ann" or "Marian"), known by her pen name George Eliot, was an English novelist, poet, journalist, translator, and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era.
George Frederick Cooke (17 April 1756 in London – 26 September 1812 in New York City) was an English actor.
In William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Gertrude is Hamlet's mother and Queen of Denmark.
Gesta Danorum ("Deeds of the Danes") is a patriotic work of Danish history, by the 13th century author Saxo Grammaticus ("Saxo the Literate", literally "the Grammarian").
The ghost of Hamlet's late father is a character from William Shakespeare's play Hamlet.
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (24 February 1463 – 17 November 1494) was an Italian Renaissance nobleman and philosopher.
Glenda Veronica Close (born March 19, 1947) is an American actress, singer and film producer.
The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with William Shakespeare.
Gothic fiction, which is largely known by the subgenre of Gothic horror, is a genre or mode of literature and film that combines fiction and horror, death, and at times romance.
The great books are books that are thought to constitute an essential foundation in the literature of Western culture.
Great Books of the Western World is a series of books originally published in the United States in 1952, by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., to present the Great Books in a 54-volume set.
Great Expectations is the thirteenth novel by Charles Dickens and his penultimate completed novel: a bildungsroman that depicts the personal growth and personal development of an orphan nicknamed Pip.
ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.
Grigori Mikhaylovich Kozintsev (Григо́рий Миха́йлович Ко́зинцев; – 11 May 1973) was a Soviet theatre and film director.
Haider is a 2014 Indian crime tragedy film written, produced and directed by Vishal Bhardwaj, and co-written by Basharat Peer.
Hal Leonard Corporation is a United States music publishing and distribution company founded in Winona, Minnesota, by Harold "Hal" Edstrom, his brother, Everett "Leonard" Edstrom, and fellow musician Roger Busdicker.
Halga, Helgi, Helghe or Helgo was a legendary Danish king living in the early 9th century.
Hamlet is a 1921 German film adaptation of the William Shakespeare play of the same name starring Danish silent film actress Asta Nielsen.
Hamlet is a 1948 British film adaptation of William Shakespeare's play of the same name, adapted and directed by and starring Sir Laurence Olivier.
Hamlet (r) is a 1964 film adaptation in Russian of William Shakespeare's play of the same title, based on a translation by Boris Pasternak.
Hamlet is a 1969 British film adaptation of Shakespeare's play Hamlet, starring Nicol Williamson as Prince Hamlet.
Hamlet is a 1990 drama film based on the Shakespearean tragedy of the same name, directed by Franco Zeffirelli and starring Mel Gibson as the eponymous character.
Hamlet is a 1996 film adaptation of William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, directed by Kenneth Branagh, who also stars as Prince Hamlet.
Hamlet, also known as Hamlet 2000, is a 2000 American drama film written and directed by Michael Almereyda, set in contemporary New York City, and based on the Shakespeare play of the same name.
Hamlet and Oedipus is a study of William Shakespeare's Hamlet in which the title character's inexplicable behaviours are subjected to investigation along psychoanalytic lines.
Q1 of Hamlet, or the "First Quarto" as it is also called, is a short early text of the Shakespearean play.
Hamnet Shakespeare (baptised 2 February 1585 – buried 11 August 1596) was the only son of William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway, and the fraternal twin of Judith Shakespeare.
Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930) is an American literary critic and Sterling Professor of Humanities at Yale University.
Harold Jenkins (19 July 1909 – 4 January 2000) is described as "one of the foremost Shakespeare scholars of his century".
Harriet Constance (1800–1854), most commonly known as Harriet Smithson, who also went by Henrietta Constance Smithson,, Murphy, Groghegan, 2015 p.196.
The Harvard Universal Classics, originally known as Dr.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
Hecuba (also Hecabe, Hécube; Ἑκάβη Hekábē) was a queen in Greek mythology, the wife of King Priam of Troy during the Trojan War, with whom she had 19 children.
Hendiadys (a Latinized form of the Greek phrase ἓν διὰ δυοῖν, hèn dià duoîn, "one through two") is a figure of speech used for emphasis—"The substitution of a conjunction for a subordination".
Henry Fielding (22 April 1707 – 8 October 1754) was an English novelist and dramatist known for his rich, earthy humour and satirical prowess, and as the author of the picaresque novel Tom Jones.
Sir Henry Irving (6 February 1838 – 13 October 1905), born John Henry Brodribb, sometimes known as J. H. Irving, was an English stage actor in the Victorian era, known as an actor-manager because he took complete responsibility (supervision of sets, lighting, direction, casting, as well as playing the leading roles) for season after season at the Lyceum Theatre, establishing himself and his company as representative of English classical theatre.
Henry IV, Part 1 is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written no later than 1597.
Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period.
The Hogarth Press was a British publishing house founded in 1917 by Leonard Woolf and Virginia Woolf.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
Horatio is a character in William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet.
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) is an educational and trade publisher in the United States.
Hrólfs saga kraka, the Saga of King Hrolf Kraki, is a late legendary saga on the adventures of Hrólfr Kraki and his clan, the Skjöldungs.
Hrothgar (Hrōðgār; Hróarr) was a legendary Danish king living in the early 6th century.
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
Humanity: An International Journal of Human Rights, Humanitarianism, and Development is a peer-reviewed academic journal which focuses on human rights, humanitarianism, and development in the modern world.
Ian Charleson (11 August 1949 – 6 January 1990) was a Scottish stage and film actor.
Sir Ian Murray McKellen (born 25 May 1939) is an English actor.
Innokenty Mikhaylovich Smoktunovsky (Иннокентий Михайлович Смоктуновский; born Smoktunovich, 28 March 19253 August 1994) was a Soviet actor acclaimed as the "king of Soviet actors".
Insanity, craziness, or madness is a spectrum of both group and individual behaviors characterized by certain abnormal mental or behavioral patterns.
The Internet Broadway Database (IBDB) is an online database of Broadway theatre productions and their personnel.
The Interregnum was the period between the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649 and the arrival of his son Charles II in London on 29 May 1660 which marked the start of the Restoration.
Dame Jean Iris Murdoch (15 July 1919 – 8 February 1999) was a British novelist and philosopher born in Ireland to Irish parentage.
Isaac Asimov (January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.
John Dover Wilson CH (13 July 1881 – 15 January 1969) was a professor and scholar of Renaissance drama, focusing particularly on the work of William Shakespeare.
Jack Manning (born Jack Wilson Marks, June 3, 1916 – August 31, 2009) was an American film, television and theater character actor, teacher and stage director.
The Jacobean era refers to the period in English and Scottish history that coincides with the reign of James VI of Scotland (1567–1625), who also inherited the crown of England in 1603 as James I. The Jacobean era succeeds the Elizabethan era and precedes the Caroline era, and is often used for the distinctive styles of Jacobean architecture, visual arts, decorative arts, and literature which characterized that period.
Jacqueline Susan McKenzie (born 24 October 1967) is a classically trained Australian actress of stage and screen.
Jacques Marie Émile Lacan (13 April 1901 – 9 September 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud".
James Evershed Agate (9 September 1877 – 6 June 1947) was an English diarist and an influential theatre critic between the two world wars.
James Earl Jones (born January 17, 1931) is an American actor.
James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish novelist, short story writer, and poet.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
A jester, court jester, or fool, was historically an entertainer during the medieval and Renaissance eras who was a member of the household of a nobleman or a monarch employed to entertain him and his guests.
Jiao Juyin (11 December 1905 – 28 February 1975) was a Chinese director, translator, and theater theorist.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
John Barrymore (born John Sidney Blyth; February 14 or 15, 1882 – May 29, 1942) was an American actor on stage, screen and radio.
Sir Arthur John Gielgud (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000) was an English actor and theatre director whose career spanned eight decades.
John Marston (baptised 7 October 1576 – 25 June 1634) was an English poet, playwright and satirist during the late Elizabethan and Jacobean periods.
John Milton (9 December 16088 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell.
John James Osborne (Fulham, London, 12 December 1929 – 24 December 1994) was an English playwright, screenwriter and actor, known for his excoriating prose and intense critical stance towards established social and political norms.
John Owen (c.1564c.1622/1628) was a Welsh epigrammatist, most known for his Latin epigrams, collected in his Epigrammata. He is also cited by various Latinizations including Ioannes Owen, Joannes Oweni, Ovenus and Audoenus.
John Philip Kemble (1 February 1757 – 26 February 1823) was an English actor.
John Rainolds (or Reynolds) (1549 – 21 May 1607) was an English academic and churchman, of Puritan views.
John Smethwick (died 1641) was a London publisher of the Elizabethan, Jacobean, and Caroline eras.
John Wilkes Booth (May 10, 1838 – April 26, 1865) was the American actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865.
Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson (16 January 1853 – 6 November 1937Sir Johnston Forbes Robertson, Beauty And Grace In Acting, Obituaries, The Times, 8 November 1937.) was an English actor and theatre manager.
Jonathan Vincent Voight (born December 29, 1938) is an American actor.
Sir Andrew Jonathan Bate, CBE, FBA, FRSL (born 26 June 1958), is a British academic, biographer, critic, broadcaster, novelist and scholar.
Joseph "Joe" Papp (June 22, 1921 – October 31, 1991) was an American theatrical producer and director.
JSTOR (short for Journal Storage) is a digital library founded in 1995.
David Jude Heyworth Law (born 29 December 1972) is an English actor.
The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a history play and tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1599.
Junius Brutus Booth (May 1, 1796 – November 30, 1852) was an English stage actor.
is a classical Japanese dance-drama.
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.
Kate Elizabeth Winslet, (born 5 October 1975) is an English actress.
Katherine Dorothea Duncan-Jones, (born 13 May 1941) is an English literature and Shakespeare scholar.
Sir Kenneth Arthur Dodd (8 November 1927 – 11 March 2018) was an English comedian, singer and occasional actor.
Sir Kenneth Charles Branagh (born 10 December 1959) is a British actor, director, producer, and screenwriter from Belfast in Northern Ireland.
King Claudius is a fictional character and the primary antagonist of William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet.
King Priam is an opera by Michael Tippett, to his own libretto.
Konstantin Sergeievich Stanislavski (né Alexeiev; p; 7 August 1938) was a seminal Russian theatre practitioner.
Kronborg is a castle and stronghold in the town of Helsingør, Denmark.
Kyle Merritt MacLachlan (born February 22, 1959).
Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919), better known as L. Frank Baum, was an American author chiefly famous for his children's books, particularly The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and its sequels.
La Jeune Belgique (meaning The Young Belgium in English) was a Belgian literary society and movement that published a French-language literary review La Jeune Belgique between 1880 and 1897.
In Jacques Lacan's psychoanalytic philosophy, lack (manque) is a concept that is always related to desire.
Laertes is a character in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet.
The last rites, in Catholicism, are the last prayers and ministrations given to many Catholics when possible shortly before death.
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, (22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989) was an English actor and director who, along with his contemporaries Ralph Richardson and John Gielgud, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.
Lee Knowlton Blessing (born October 4, 1949) is an American playwright best known for his 1988 work, A Walk in the Woods.
Leopold Jessner (3 March 1878–13 December 1945) was a noted producer and director of German Expressionist theater and cinema.
Lethal Weapon is a 1987 American buddy cop action comedy film directed by Richard Donner, produced by Joel Silver, and written by Shane Black.
Lewis Theobald (baptised 2 April 1688 – 18 September 1744), British textual editor and author, was a landmark figure both in the history of Shakespearean editing and in literary satire.
Lincoln's Inn Fields is the largest public square in London.
Longman, commonly known as Pearson Longman, is a publishing company founded in London, England, in 1724 and is owned by Pearson PLC.
Look Back in Anger (1956) is a realist play written by John Osborne.
The Lord Chamberlain's Men was a company of actors, or a "playing company" as it would have been known, for which Shakespeare wrote for most of his career.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Love's Labour's Lost is one of William Shakespeare's early comedies, believed to have been written in the mid-1590s for a performance at the Inns of Court before Queen Elizabeth I. It follows the King of Navarre and his three companions as they attempt to swear off the company of women for three years of study and fasting.
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (died 495 BC) was the legendary seventh and final king of Rome, reigning from 535 BC until the popular uprising in 509 that led to the establishment of the Roman Republic.
The Lunt-Fontanne Theatre (previously known as the Globe Theatre) is a Broadway theatre located at 205 West 46th Street in midtown-Manhattan.
The Lyceum Theatre (pronounced ly-CEE-um) is a 2,100-seat West End theatre located in the City of Westminster, on Wellington Street, just off the Strand.
Macmillan Publishers Ltd (occasionally known as the Macmillan Group) is an international publishing company owned by Holtzbrinck Publishing Group.
Mad Max is a 1979 Australian dystopian action film directed by George Miller, produced by Byron Kennedy, and starring Mel Gibson as "Mad" Max Rockatansky, Joanne Samuel, Hugh Keays-Byrne, Steve Bisley, Tim Burns, and Roger Ward.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Marianne Evelyn Gabriel Faithfull (born 29 December 1946) is an English singer, songwriter and actress.
Martin Luther, (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
The Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg), also referred to as MLU, is a public, research-oriented university in the cities of Halle and Wittenberg in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Maurice Herbert Evans (June 3, 1901 – March 12, 1989) was an English-born British-American actor of Welsh descent, noted for his interpretations of Shakespearean characters.
Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck (also called Comte (Count) Maeterlinck from 1932; in Belgium, in France; 29 August 1862 – 6 May 1949) was a Belgian playwright, poet, and essayist who was Flemish but wrote in French.
Maxine Peake (born 14 July 1974) is an English actress.
Mel Brooks (born Melvin Kaminsky; June 28, 1926) is an American actor, writer, producer, director, comedian, and composer.
Mel Colmcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Melancholia (from µέλαινα χολή),Burton, Bk.
The term memorial reconstruction refers to the hypothesis that the scripts of some 17th century plays were written down from memory by actors who had played parts in them, and that those transcriptions were published.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect.
Methuen Publishing Ltd is an English publishing house.
In poetry, metre is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse.
Michael Almereyda (born 1960) is an American film director, screenwriter, and film producer.
Michael Lorenzo Urie (born August 8, 1980) is an American actor, presenter, director, and producer.
Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, Lord of Montaigne (28 February 1533 – 13 September 1592) was one of the most significant philosophers of the French Renaissance, known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre.
Miss Havisham is a character in the Charles Dickens novel Great Expectations (1861).
Modern dress is a term used in theatre and film to refer to productions of plays from the past in which the setting is updated to the present day (or at least to a more recent time period), but the text is left relatively unchanged.
Modern Philology is a literary journal that was established in 1903.
A monodrama is a theatrical or operatic piece played by a single actor or singer, usually portraying one character.
Monodrama Theater, also known as Mono-Drama Theatre, was a late night television series which aired on the DuMont Television Network weekdays at 11pm ET from May 1952 to December 1953.
In theatre, a monologue (from μονόλογος, from μόνος mónos, "alone, solitary" and λόγος lógos, "speech") is a speech presented by a single character, most often to express their mental thoughts aloud, though sometimes also to directly address another character or the audience.
The Moscow Art Theatre (or MAT; Московский Художественный академический театр (МХАТ), Moskovskiy Hudojestvenny Akademicheskiy Teatr (МHАТ)) is a theatre company in Moscow.
The Moscow Art Theatre (MAT) production of Hamlet in 1911–12, on which two of the 20th century's most influential theatre practitioners—Konstantin Stanislavski and Edward Gordon Craig—collaborated, is particularly important in the history of performances of Hamlet and of 20th-century theatre in general.
Mysticism is the practice of religious ecstasies (religious experiences during alternate states of consciousness), together with whatever ideologies, ethics, rites, myths, legends, and magic may be related to them.
Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's own attributes.
Neil Geoffrey Armfield (born 22 April 1955) is a renowned Australian director of theatre, film and opera.
The New Cambridge Shakespeare is a series of critical editions of the plays of William Shakespeare published by Cambridge University Press.
New Haven is a coastal city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.
New Historicism is a form of literary theory whose goal is to understand intellectual history through literature, and literature through its cultural context, which follows the 1950s field of history of ideas and refers to itself as a form of "Cultural Poetics".
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The New-York Tribune was an American newspaper, first established in 1841 by editor Horace Greeley (1811–1872).
Nicholas Ling (fl.1570–1607) was a London publisher, bookseller, and editor who published several important Elizabethan works, including the first and second quartos of Shakespeare's Hamlet.
Nicholas Rowe (20 June 1674 – 6 December 1718), English dramatist, poet and miscellaneous writer, was appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom in 1715.
Nicol Williamson (14 September 1936 – 16 December 2011) was a British actor and singer, once described by John Osborne as "the greatest actor since Marlon Brando".
The Ninety-five Theses or Disputation on the Power of Indulgences is a list of propositions for an academic disputation written in 1517 by Martin Luther, professor of moral theology at the University of Wittenberg, Germany, that started the Reformation, a schism in the Catholic Church which profoundly changed Europe.
, derived from the Sino-Japanese word for "skill" or "talent", is a major form of classical Japanese musical drama that has been performed since the 14th century.
Nytheatre.com is a theatre information and review website founded in 1997.
An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.
The Odyssey (Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.
The Oedipus complex is a concept of psychoanalytic theory.
An Off-Broadway theatre is any professional venue in Manhattan in New York City with a seating capacity between 100 and 499, inclusive.
The Hallam Company, which later became the American Company and then the Old American Company, was the first fully professional theatre company to perform in North America.
Ophelia is a character in William Shakespeare's drama Hamlet.
Oscar Isaac (born Óscar Isaac Hernández Estrada; March 9, 1979) is a Guatemalan-American actor and musician.
was a Japanese actor and comedian.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Oxford World's Classics is an imprint of Oxford University Press.
Paapa Essiedu (born 1990) is a British actor.
Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century English poet John Milton (1608–1674).
The Park Theatre, originally known as the New Theatre, was a playhouse in New York City, located at 21, 23, and 25 Park Row, about east of Ann Street and backing Theatre Alley.
Parsi theatre is a generic term for an influential theatre tradition, staged by Parsis, and theatre companies largely-owned by the Parsi business community, which flourished between 1850 and 1930s.
The patent theatres were the theatres that were licensed to perform "spoken drama" after the Restoration of Charles II as King of England, Scotland and Ireland in 1660.
Paul Edward Valentine Giamatti (born June 6, 1967) is an American actor, comedian, and producer.
David Paul Scofield CH CBE (21 January 1922 – 19 March 2008) was an English actor of stage and screen who was known for his striking presence, distinctive voice, and for the clarity and effortless intensity of his delivery.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
Pericles, Prince of Tyre is a Jacobean play written at least in part by William Shakespeare and included in modern editions of his collected works despite questions over its authorship, as it was not included in the First Folio.
A persona (plural personae or personas), in the word's everyday usage, is a social role or a character played by an actor.
Peter Lang is an academic publisher specializing in the humanities and social sciences.
Peter Seamus O'Toole (2 August 1932 – 14 December 2013) was a British stage and film actor of Irish descent.
Philosophical skepticism (UK spelling: scepticism; from Greek σκέψις skepsis, "inquiry") is a philosophical school of thought that questions the possibility of certainty in knowledge.
William Shakespeare's play Hamlet has contributed many phrases to common English, from the famous "To be, or not to be" to a few less known, but still in everyday English.
Pierre; or, The Ambiguities is the seventh book by American writer Herman Melville, first published in New York in 1852.
A play is a form of literature written by a playwright, usually consisting of dialogue between characters, intended for theatrical performance rather than just reading.
A plot device, or plot mechanism, is any technique in a narrative used to move the plot forward.
Aristotle's Poetics (Περὶ ποιητικῆς; De Poetica; c. 335 BCDukore (1974, 31).) is the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory and first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory in the West.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Polonius is a character in William Shakespeare's Hamlet.
Prince Hamlet is the title character and protagonist of William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Project MUSE, a non-profit collaboration between libraries and publishers, is an online database of peer-reviewed academic journals and electronic books.
A proscenium (προσκήνιον) is the metaphorical vertical plane of space in a theatre, usually surrounded on the top and sides by a physical proscenium arch (whether or not truly "arched") and on the bottom by the stage floor itself, which serves as the frame into which the audience observes from a more or less unified angle the events taking place upon the stage during a theatrical performance.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Proto-Indo-Europeans were the prehistoric people of Eurasia who spoke Proto-Indo-European (PIE), the ancestor of the Indo-European languages according to linguistic reconstruction.
In psychology, the psyche is the totality of the human mind, conscious and unconscious.
Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.
Psychoanalytic literary criticism is literary criticism or literary theory which, in method, concept, or form, is influenced by the tradition of psychoanalysis begun by Sigmund Freud.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Psychosis is an abnormal condition of the mind that results in difficulties telling what is real and what is not.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.
The pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.
In Roman Catholic theology, purgatory (via Anglo-Norman and Old French) is an intermediate state after physical death in which some of those ultimately destined for heaven must first "undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven," holding that "certain offenses can be forgiven in this age, but certain others in the age to come." And that entrance into Heaven requires the "remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven," for which indulgences may be given which remove "either part or all of the temporal punishment due to sin," such as an "unhealthy attachment" to sin.
The Puritans were English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to "purify" the Church of England from its "Catholic" practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.
Quarto (abbreviated Qto, 4to or 4°) is a book or pamphlet produced from full "blanksheets", each of which is printed with eight pages of text, four to a side, then folded twice to produce four leaves (that is, eight book pages).
Raúl Rafael Juliá y Arcelay (March 9, 1940 – October 24, 1994) was a Puerto Rican actor who received international recognition.
Ralph Nathaniel Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes (. The Guardian. Retrieved 10 April 2008 born 22 December 1962) is an English actor, film producer and director.
Scourge of Malice or Malice Scourge or Mare Scourge was a 38-gun ship ordered by George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
The Reformation in Denmark–Norway and Holstein was the transition from Roman Catholicism to Lutheranism in the realms ruled by the Danish-based House of Oldenburg in the first half of the sixteenth century.
Relativism is the idea that views are relative to differences in perception and consideration.
Renaissance humanism is the study of classical antiquity, at first in Italy and then spreading across Western Europe in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.
Repression is the psychological attempt to direct one's own desires and impulses toward pleasurable instincts by excluding them from one's consciousness and holding or subduing them in the unconscious.
Republicanism is an ideology centered on citizenship in a state organized as a republic under which the people hold popular sovereignty.
The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.
The revenge tragedy, or revenge play, is a dramatic genre in which the protagonist seeks revenge for an imagined or actual injury.
Richard Brinsley Butler Sheridan (30 October 17517 July 1816) was an Irish satirist, a playwright and poet, and long-term owner of the London Theatre Royal, Drury Lane.
Richard Burbage (6 January 1567 – 12 March 1619) was an English stage actor, widely considered to have been one of the most famous actors of the Globe Theatre and of his time.
Richard Burton, CBE (born Richard Walter Jenkins Jr.; 10 November 19255 August 1984) was a Welsh actor.
Richard Burton’s Hamlet is a common name for both the Broadway production of William Shakespeare's tragedy that played from April 9 to August 8, 1964 at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, and for the filmed record of it that has been released theatrically and on home video.
Sir Richard Charles Hastings Eyre (born 28 March 1943) is an English film, theatre, television and opera director.
Richard III is a historical play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written around 1593.
Richard Roxburgh (born 23 January 1962) is an Australian actor, writer, producer, and director.
The Riverside Shakespeare is a long-running series of editions of the complete works of William Shakespeare published by the Houghton Mifflin company.
The Riverside Shakespeare Company of New York City was founded in 1977 as a professional (AEA) theatre company on the Upper West Side of New York City, by W. Stuart McDowell and Gloria Skurski.
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, (1 June 1563? – 24 May 1612) was an English statesman noted for his skillful direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart rule (1603).
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, KG, PC (10 November 1565 – 25 February 1601), was an English nobleman and a favourite of Elizabeth I. Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599.
Robert Pullen (surname also rendered as Polenius, Pullan, Pullein, Pullenus, Pullus, Pully, and La Poule) (c. 1080 – c. 1146) was an English theologian and official of the Roman Catholic Church, often considered to be one of the founders of Oxford University.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families.
Rory Michael Kinnear (born 17 February 1978) is an English actor and playwright who has worked with the Royal Shakespeare Company and the Royal National Theatre.
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are characters in William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet.
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, A Tragic Episode, in Three Tabloids is a short comic play by W. S. Gilbert, a parody of Hamlet by William Shakespeare.
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, often referred to as just Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, is an absurdist, existential tragicomedy by Tom Stoppard, first staged at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in 1966.
The Roundabout Theatre Company is a leading non-profit theatre company based in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, affiliated with the League of Resident Theatres.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
The Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) is a drama school in London, England that provides training for film, television and theatre.
The Royal National Theatre in London, commonly known as the National Theatre (NT) is one of the United Kingdom's three most prominent publicly funded performing arts venues, alongside the Royal Shakespeare Company and the Royal Opera House.
The Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC) is a major British theatre company, based in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England.
The royal we, or majestic plural (pluralis maiestatis), is the use of a plural pronoun (or corresponding plural-inflected verb forms) to refer to a single person who is a monarch.
Russian symbolism was an intellectual and artistic movement predominant at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.
Samuel Atkinson Waterston (born November 15, 1940) is an American actor, producer, and director.
Samuel Pepys (23 February 1633 – 26 May 1703) was an administrator of the navy of England and Member of Parliament who is most famous for the diary he kept for a decade while still a relatively young man.
Samuel Phelps (born 13 February 1804, Plymouth Dock (now Devonport), Plymouth, Devon, died 6 November 1878, Anson’s Farm, Coopersale, near Epping, Essex) was an English actor and theatre manager.
Samuel Alexander Joseph West (born 19 June 1966) is a third-generation English actor, theatre director and voice actor.
Sarah Bernhardt (22 or 23 October 1844 – 26 March 1923) was a French stage actress who starred in some of the most popular French plays of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including La Dame Aux Camelias by Alexandre Dumas, ''fils'', Ruy Blas by Victor Hugo, Fédora and La Tosca by Victorien Sardou, and L'Aiglon by Edmond Rostand.
Sarah Siddons (née Kemble; 5 July 1755 – 8 June 1831) was a Welsh-born actress, the best-known tragedienne of the 18th century.
The Saturday Review of politics, literature, science, and art was a London weekly newspaper established by A. J. B. Beresford Hope in 1855.
Saxo Grammaticus (1160 – 1220), also known as Saxo cognomine Longus, was a Danish historian, theologian and author.
The term scrim has two separate meanings in terms of fabric.
Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.
From 1952 to 1980 French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist Jacques Lacan gave an annual seminar in Paris.
A sexton is an officer of a church, congregation, or synagogue charged with the maintenance of its buildings and/or the surrounding graveyard.
Shakespeare in the Park (or Free Shakespeare in the Park) is a theatrical program that stages productions of Shakespearean plays at the Delacorte Theater, an open-air theater in New York City's Central Park.
Shakespeare Quarterly is a peer-reviewed academic journal established in 1950 by the.
Shakespeare's editors were essential in the development of the modern practice of producing printed books and the evolution of textual criticism.
Shakespeare's Globe is the complex housing a reconstruction of the Globe Theatre, an Elizabethan playhouse associated with William Shakespeare, in the London Borough of Southwark, on the south bank of the River Thames.
Shakespearean tragedy is the designation given to most tragedies written by playwright William Shakespeare.
(also rendered shimpa) is a form of theater in Japan, usually featuring melodramatic stories, contrasted with the more traditional kabuki style.
Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Simon Russell Beale, CBE (born 12 January 1961) is an English actor, author and music historian.
Skepticism (American English) or scepticism (British English, Australian English) is generally any questioning attitude or doubt towards one or more items of putative knowledge or belief.
Sonia Anne Primrose Friedman (née Freedman; born April 1965) is a British West End and Broadway theatre producer.
A sophist (σοφιστής, sophistes) was a specific kind of teacher in ancient Greece, in the fifth and fourth centuries BC.
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.
Walter Stacy Keach Jr. (born June 2, 1941) is an American actor of stage, film, and television.
A standing ovation is a form of applause where members of a seated audience stand up while applauding after extraordinary performances of particularly high acclaim.
Stanislavski's system is a systematic approach to training actors that the Russian theatre practitioner Konstantin Stanislavski developed in the first half of the 20th century.
The Stationers’ Register was a record book maintained by the Stationers' Company of London.
Stephen Jay Greenblatt (born November 7, 1943) is an American Shakespearean, literary historian, and author.
Stephen Lang (born July 11, 1952) is an American screen and stage actor, and playwright.
Stichomythia (Greek: Στιχομυθία) is a technique in verse drama in which sequences of single alternating lines, or half-lines (hemistichomythia, Antilabe Rebuilt by Robert Hogan.) or two-line speeches (distichomythia, Die stichomythie in der griechischen tragödie und komödie: ihre anwendung und ihr ursprung by Adolf Gross (German).) are given to alternating characters.
A story within a story is a literary device in which one character within a narrative narrates.
In sociology, anthropology, and linguistics, structuralism is the methodology that implies elements of human culture must be understood by way of their relationship to a larger, overarching system or structure.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts.
"Tales from the Public Domain" is the fourteenth episode of The Simpsons thirteenth season.
Tapestry is a form of textile art, traditionally woven on a vertical loom.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
Terminus post quem ("limit after which", often abbreviated to TPQ) and terminus ante quem ("limit before which", abbreviated to TAQ) specify the known limits of dating for events.
The Black Prince is Iris Murdoch's 15th novel, first published in 1973.
The Brooklyn Rail is a journal of arts, culture, and politics published monthly in Brooklyn, NY.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Gravediggers (or Clowns) are examples of Shakespearean fools (also known as clowns or jesters), a recurring type of character in Shakespeare's plays.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, often known simply as Tom Jones, is a comic novel by English playwright and novelist Henry Fielding.
The Interpretation of Dreams (Die Traumdeutung) is an 1899 book by the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, in which the author introduces his theory of the unconscious with respect to dream interpretation, and discusses what would later become the theory of the Oedipus complex.
The Mill on the Floss is a novel by George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans), first published in three volumes in 1860 by William Blackwood.
The New York Review of Books (or NYREV or NYRB) is a semi-monthly magazine with articles on literature, culture, economics, science and current affairs.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Old Vic is a 1,000-seat, not-for-profit producing theatre, located just south-east of Waterloo station on the corner of the Cut and Waterloo Road in Lambeth, London, England.
The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, first published by the Oxford University Press in 1941, is an 1100-page book listing short quotations that are common in English language and culture.
The Oxford Shakespeare is the range of editions of William Shakespeare's works produced by Oxford University Press.
The Renaissance Society of America (RSA) is an academic association founded in 1954 supporting the study of the Renaissance period, 1300–1650.
The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
The Spanish Tragedy, or Hieronimo is Mad Again is an Elizabethan tragedy written by Thomas Kyd between 1582 and 1592.
The Stage is a British weekly newspaper and website covering the entertainment industry, and particularly theatre.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
Theatre practitioner is a modern term to describe someone who both creates theatrical performances and who produces a theoretical discourse that informs his or her practical work.
The Theatre Royal Haymarket (also known as Haymarket Theatre or the Little Theatre) is a West End theatre in the Haymarket in the City of Westminster which dates back to 1720, making it the third-oldest London playhouse still in use.
The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, commonly known as Drury Lane, is a West End theatre and Grade I listed building in Covent Garden, London, England.
Thomas Abthorpe Cooper (born London, England, 1776; d. Bristol, Pennsylvania, 21 April 1849) was an English actor.
Thomas Patrick Betterton (c. 1635 – 28 April 1710), the leading male actor and theatre manager during Restoration England, son of an under-cook to King Charles I, was born in London.
Thomas Kyd (baptised 6 November 1558; buried 15 August 1594) was an English playwright, the author of The Spanish Tragedy, and one of the most important figures in the development of Elizabethan drama.
Thomas Watson (1555–1592) was an English poet and translator, and the pioneer of the English madrigal.
A throne is the seat of state of a potentate or dignitary, especially the seat occupied by a sovereign on state occasions; or the seat occupied by a pope or bishop on ceremonial occasions.
Tiananmen Square is a city square in the centre of Beijing, China, named after the Tiananmen ("Gate of Heavenly Peace") located to its north, separating it from the Forbidden City.
The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known in mainland China as the June Fourth Incident (六四事件), were student-led demonstrations in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, in 1989.
To Be or Not to Be is a 1942 American comedy film directed by Ernst Lubitsch, about a troupe of actors in Nazi-occupied Warsaw who use their abilities at disguise and acting to fool the occupying troops.
"To be, or not to be" is the opening phrase of a soliloquy spoken by Prince Hamlet in the so-called "nunnery scene" of William Shakespeare's play Hamlet.
Thomas William Hiddleston (born 9 February 1981) is an English actor, film producer and musician.
The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Broadway Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre.
Cecil Antonio "Tony" Richardson (5 June 1928 – 14 November 1991) was an English theatre and film director and producer whose career spanned five decades.
In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta.
__NoTOC__ was a Japanese author, critic, playwright, translator, editor, educator, and professor at Waseda University.
was a Japanese dramatist, translator, and literary critic.
Twelfth Night, or What You WillUse of spelling, capitalization, and punctuation in the First Folio: "Twelfe Night, Or what you will" is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written around 1601–1602 as a Twelfth Night's entertainment for the close of the Christmas season.
Sir William Tyrone Guthrie (2 July 1900 – 15 May 1971) was an English theatrical director instrumental in the founding of the Stratford Festival of Canada, the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and the Tyrone Guthrie Centre at his family's ancestral home, Annaghmakerrig, near Newbliss in County Monaghan, Ireland.
Ulysses is a modernist novel by Irish writer James Joyce.
The unconscious mind (or the unconscious) consists of the processes in the mind which occur automatically and are not available to introspection, and include thought processes, memories, interests, and motivations.
The University of Basel (German: Universität Basel) is located in Basel, Switzerland.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
The University of Delaware Press (UDP) is a publishing house and a department of the University of Delaware in the United States, whose main campus is at Newark, Delaware, where the University Press is also based.
The University of Georgia Press or UGA Press is a scholarly publishing house for the University System of Georgia.
The University of Illinois Press (UIP) is a major American university press and is part of the University of Illinois system.
The University of Nebraska Press, also known as UNP, was founded in 1941 and is an academic publisher of scholarly and general-interest books.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
The University of Pennsylvania Press (or Penn Press) is a university press affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Ur-Hamlet (the German prefix Ur- means "primordial") is a play by an unknown author, thought to be either Thomas Kyd or William Shakespeare.
Valentine Simmes (fl. 1585 – 1622) was an Elizabethan era and Jacobean era printer; he did business in London, "on Adling Hill near Bainard's Castle at the sign of the White Swan." Simmes has a reputation as one of the better printers of his generation, and was responsible for several quartos of Shakespeare's plays.
Verbosity or verboseness is speech or writing that uses more words than necessary (for example, using "Despite the fact that" instead of "Although").
Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Královské Vinohrady (in English literally "Royal Vineyards" Königliche Weinberge) is a cadastral district in Prague.
Virgin Books is a United Kingdom book publisher 90% owned by the publishing group Random House, and 10% owned by Virgin Group, the company originally set up by Richard Branson as a record company.
The Vivian Beaumont Theater is a theater located in the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts complex at 150 West 65th Street on the Upper West Side of Manhattan.
Sir William Schwenck Gilbert (18 November 1836 – 29 May 1911) was an English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator best known for his collaboration with composer Arthur Sullivan, which produced fourteen comic operas.
The War of the Theatres is the name commonly applied to a controversy from the later Elizabethan theatre; Thomas Dekker termed it the Poetomachia.
"What a piece of work is man!" is a phrase within a soliloquy by Hamlet in William Shakespeare's eponymous play.
Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship (Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre) is the second novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, published in 1795–96.
William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, (13 September 15204 August 1598) was an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State (1550–1553 and 1558–1572) and Lord High Treasurer from 1572.
William Collins, Sons (often referred to as Collins) was a Scottish printing and publishing company founded by a Presbyterian schoolmaster, William Collins, in Glasgow in 1819, in partnership with Charles Chalmers, the younger brother of Thomas Chalmers, minister of Tron Church, Glasgow.
Sir William Davenant (baptised 3 March 1606 – 7 April 1668), also spelled D'Avenant, was an English poet and playwright.
William McChord Hurt (born March 20, 1950) is an American actor.
William Jaggard (c. 1568 – November 1623) was an Elizabethan and Jacobean printer and publisher, best known for his connection with the texts of William Shakespeare, most notably the First Folio of Shakespeare's plays.
William Charles Macready (3 March 1793 – 27 April 1873) was an English actor.
William Poel (1852-1934) was an English actor, theatrical manager and dramatist best known for his presentations of Shakespeare.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
The first theatre in New York City to bear the name The Winter Garden Theatre had a brief but important seventeen-year history (beginning in 1850) as one of New York's premier showcases for a wide range of theatrical fare, from Variety shows to extravagant productions of the works of Shakespeare.
Wise Children (1991) was the last novel written by Angela Carter.
Wittenberg, officially Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
World literature is sometimes used to refer to the sum total of the world's national literatures, but usually it refers to the circulation of works into the wider world beyond their country of origin.
The Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers (until 1937 the Worshipful Company of Stationers), usually known as the Stationers' Company, is one of the livery companies of the City of London.
Wyndham's Theatre is a West End theatre, one of two opened by the actor/manager Charles Wyndham (the other is the Criterion Theatre).
Yale Repertory Theatre at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut was founded by Robert Brustein, dean of Yale School of Drama, in 1966, with the goal of facilitating a meaningful collaboration between theatre professionals and talented students.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
Yorick is a character in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet.
Yuan Shikai (16 September 1859 – 6 June 1916) was a Chinese warlord, famous for his influence during the late Qing dynasty, his role in the events leading up to the abdication of the last Qing Emperor, his autocratic rule as the first formal President of the Republic of China, and his short-lived attempt to restore monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor.
was a Japanese theatre director, particularly known for his Japanese language productions of Shakespeare plays and Greek tragedies.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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