49 relations: Advanced Mobile Phone System, American English, American National Standards Institute, Analog transmission, Backbone network, Base transceiver station, Bit error rate, Block Error Rate, British English, CDMA2000, CdmaOne, Cell site, Cellular network, Change-of-shift report, Code-division multiple access, Common pilot channel, Communications satellite, Digital AMPS, ETSI, Frequency, Frequency-division multiple access, Generic Access Network, Ground station, GSM, Guowang Miao, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Internet Engineering Task Force, ITU-T, Mobile phone, Mobility management, Near–far problem, Nordic Mobile Telephone, Radio resource management, Rake receiver, Received signal code power, Roaming, Signal-to-noise ratio, Soft handover, Telecommunication, Telecommunications link, Telephone call, Time-division multiple access, Total Access Communication System, UMTS, Voice call continuity, 2G, 3G, 3GPP, 3rd Generation Partnership Project 2.
Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS) is an analog mobile phone system standard developed by Bell Labs, and officially introduced in the Americas on October 13, 1983,.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States.
Analog transmission is a transmission method of conveying information using a continuous signal which varies in amplitude, phase, or some other property in proportion to that information.
A backbone is a part of computer network that interconnects various pieces of network, providing a path for the exchange of information between different LANs or subnetworks.
A base transceiver station (BTS) is a piece of equipment that facilitates wireless communication between user equipment (UE) and a network.
In digital transmission, the number of bit errors is the number of received bits of a data stream over a communication channel that have been altered due to noise, interference, distortion or bit synchronization errors.
Block Error Rate (BLER) is a ratio of the number of erroneous blocks to the total number of blocks transmitted on a digital circuit.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
CDMA2000 (also known as C2K or IMT Multi‑Carrier (IMT‑MC)) is a family of 3G mobile technology standards for sending voice, data, and signaling data between mobile phones and cell sites.
Interim Standard 95 (IS-95) was the first ever CDMA-based digital cellular technology.
A cell site or cell tower is a cellular-enabled mobile device site where antennae and electronic communications equipment are placed — typically on a radio mast, tower, or other raised structure — to create a cell (or adjacent cells) in a cellular network.
A cellular network or mobile network is a communication network where the last link is wireless.
In healthcare, a change-of-shift report is a meeting between healthcare providers at the change of shift in which vital information about and responsibility for the patient is provided from the off-going provider to the on-coming provider (Groves, Manges, Scott-Cawiezell, 2016).
Code-division multiple access (CDMA) is a channel access method used by various radio communication technologies.
CPICH stands for Common Pilot Channel in UMTS and some other CDMA communications systems.
A communications satellite is an artificial satellite that relays and amplifies radio telecommunications signals via a transponder; it creates a communication channel between a source transmitter and a receiver at different locations on Earth.
IS-54 and IS-136 are second-generation (2G) mobile phone systems, known as Digital AMPS (D-AMPS), and a further development of the north-American 1G mobile system AMPS.
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is an independent, not-for-profit, standardization organization in the telecommunications industry (equipment makers and network operators) in Europe, headquartered in Sophia-Antipolis, France, with worldwide projection.
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.
Frequency division multiple access (FDMA) is a channel access method used in multiple-access protocols as a channelization protocol.
Generic Access Network (GAN) extends mobile voice, data and multimedia (IP Multimedia Subsystem/Session Initiation Protocol (IMS/SIP)) applications over IP networks.
A ground station, earth station, or earth terminal is a terrestrial radio station designed for extraplanetary telecommunication with spacecraft (constituting part of the ground segment of the spacecraft system), or reception of radio waves from astronomical radio sources.
GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices such as tablets, first deployed in Finland in December 1991.
Guowang Miao is an associate professor at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, working on design and optimization of wireless communications and networking and the author of Fundamentals of Mobile Data Networks and Energy and Spectrum Efficient Wireless Network Design.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).
The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); it coordinates standards for telecommunications.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
Mobility management is one of the major functions of a GSM or a UMTS network that allows mobile phones to work.
The near–far problem or hearability problem is a situation that is common in wireless communication systems, in particular, CDMA.
NMT (Nordisk MobilTelefoni or Nordiska MobilTelefoni-gruppen, Nordic Mobile Telephony in English) is the first fully automatic cellular phone system.
Radio resource management (RRM) is the system level management of co-channel interference, radio resources, and other radio transmission characteristics in wireless communication systems, for example cellular networks, wireless local area networks and wireless sensor systems.
A rake receiver is a radio receiver designed to counter the effects of multipath fading.
In the UMTS cellular communication system, received signal code power (RSCP) denotes the power measured by a receiver on a particular physical communication channel.
Roaming is a wireless telecommunication term typically used with mobile devices (like mobile phones).
Signal-to-noise ratio (abbreviated SNR or S/N) is a measure used in science and engineering that compares the level of a desired signal to the level of background noise.
Soft handover or soft handoff refers to a feature used by the CDMA and W-CDMA standards, where a cell phone is simultaneously connected to two or more cells (or cell sectors) during a call.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
In telecommunications a link is a communication channel that connects two or more devices.
A telephone call is a connection over a telephone network between the called party and the calling party.
Time-division multiple access (TDMA) is a channel access method for shared-medium networks.
Total Access Communication System (TACS) and ETACS are mostly-obsolete variants of Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS) which was announced as the choice for the first two UK national cellular systems in Feb 1983, less than a year after the UK government announced the T&Cs for the two competing mobile phone networks in June 1982.
The Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is a third generation mobile cellular system for networks based on the GSM standard.
The 3GPP has defined the Voice Call Continuity (VCC) specifications in order to describe how a voice call can be persisted, as a mobile phone moves between circuit switched and packet switched radio domains (3GPP TS 23.206).
2G (or 2-G) is short for second-generation cellular technology.
3G, short for third generation, is the third generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology.
The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is a collaboration between groups of telecommunications standards associations, known as the Organizational Partners.
The 3rd Generation Partnership Project 2 (3GPP2) is a collaboration between telecommunications associations to make a globally applicable third generation (3G) mobile phone system specification within the scope of the ITU's IMT-2000 project.