305 relations: Adam of Bremen, Adolf Eichmann, Afzal Guru, Ajmal Kasab, Akira Mutō, Al Jazeera, Alawites, Albert Pierrepoint, Alexander II of Russia, Ali Hassan al-Majid, Allied-occupied Germany, Amnesty International, Amnesty International USA, Andrey Vlasov, Anfal genocide, Arizona, Arthur Lucas, Asphyxia, Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Atefeh Sahaaleh, Austria-Hungary, Awad Hamed al-Bandar, Barton Kay Kirkham, Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, Benito Mussolini, Bergen, Lower Saxony, Billy Bailey, Black market, Boydell & Brewer, Brain ischemia, Breaking wheel, British Free Corps, Burglary, Canada, Capital murder, Capital punishment, Capital punishment in the Czech Republic, Cardiac arrest, Carotid sinus, Celle, Cerebral edema, Cerebral hypoxia, Cervical fracture, Cervical vertebrae, Chastity, Choking, City of London, Clinton Truman Duffy, Clouds of Witness, ..., Common carotid artery, Compact Oxford English Dictionary of Current English, Congress Poland, County of Hainaut, Crime against peace, Crime and Disorder Act 1998, Crimes against humanity, Crucifixion, Cyanosis, Czechoslovakia, David Herold, Death by burning, Death erection, Decapitation, Delaware, Diya (Islam), Dortmund, Duke of Denver, Dule tree, East Germany, Eli Cohen, Elisabeth Volkenrath, Elizabeth I of England, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Erotic asphyxiation, Eva Dugan, Evin Prison, Execution by firing squad, Executioner, Expatriate, Fascism, Florence Shoemaker Thompson, Folk hero, Forgery, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Frankfurt, Freedom of the City, Fritz Klein, Gainesville, Texas, Gallows, Garrote, Gas chamber, George Atzerodt, Grand Duchy of Finland, Guillotine, Gunshot wound, Halle (region), Hanau, Hand of Glory, Hanging judge, Hanging tree (United States), Hangman (game), Hangman's fracture, Hangman's knot, Harper, Liberia, Harry Allen (executioner), Heitarō Kimura, Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor, Hereditary peer, Hideki Tojo, Hiroaki Hidaka, History of Anglo-Saxon England, HM Prison Liverpool, HM Prison Manchester, HM Prison Pentonville, HM Prison Wandsworth, Homer, Homicide Act 1957, Homosexuality, House of Lords, House of Romanov, Hugh Capet, Human Rights Act 1998, Hungarian Revolution of 1956, Hyoid bone, Ikebukuro, Illegal drug trade, Impalement, Imre Nagy, Iowa, Iraqi insurgency (2003–11), Irma Grese, Italian resistance movement, Iwane Matsui, Jack Ketch, Jalal Talabani, Jim Crow laws, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, John Amery, John Gabriel Stedman, John Murray (publisher), Jordan, Josef Kramer, Journal of Neurosurgery, Judiciary, Jugular vein, Juraj Jánošík, Karl Hermann Frank, Kōki Hirota, Kenji Doihara, Kidnapping, Kilogram-force, Lancaster Castle, Landsberg am Lech, Latakia, Laurence Shirley, 4th Earl Ferrers, Leo Amery, Lethal injection, Lewis Powell (conspirator), Life (magazine), Life imprisonment, List of people who died by hanging, List of suicides, Liverpool, Lord Haw-Haw, Lord Peter Wimsey, Lynching, Lynching in the United States, Mahatma Gandhi, Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni, Mamoru Takuma, Manchester, Mankato, Minnesota, Manslaughter, Maria Anna of Spain, Marrano, Mary Surratt, Mary, mother of Jesus, Mashhad, Meir Tobianski, Melun, Merriam-Webster, Middle Ages, Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, Muath Al-Kasasbeh, Murder, Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965, Murder of John Alan West, Nathuram Godse, Nazi Germany, Nazism, Neck, New Hampshire, New Mexico Territory, Newgate Prison, Newton (unit), Noose, Norio Nagayama, Nuremberg trials, Occupation of Japan, October Revolution, Odin, Odo I, Count of Blois, Odyssey, Oettingen in Bayern, Official Table of Drops, Old Bailey, Ottoman Empire, Owensboro, Kentucky, Oxford, Oxford English Dictionary, Paralysis, Parole, Partisan (military), Passport, Petechia, Pound (force), Prague, Prison, Prisoner of war, Propaganda, Prussia, Rainey Bethea, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Rape, Respiratory tract, Reyhaneh Jabbari, Richard, Count of Acerra, Robert Leslie Stewart, Ronald Ryan, Russian Empire, Ruth Ellis, Sabawi Ibrahim al-Tikriti, Saddam Hussein, Sajida Al-Rishawi, Samuel Haughton, San Quentin State Prison, Seishirō Itagaki, Serfdom, Sexual assault, Sharia, Sheriff, Shock (mechanics), Shoko Asahara, Singapore, Sofia, Soultzmatt, Soviet Union, Spinal cord injury, Strangling, Stutthof concentration camp, Subluxation, Sugamo Prison, Suicide, Suicide watch, Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Tai, Summary execution, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, Supreme Court of India, Suriname, Taha Yassin Ramadan, Tariq Aziz, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, The New York Times, The Newgate Calendar, The Slovak Spectator, Theodore Schurch, Tihar Jail, Tiradentes, Tokyo subway sarin attack, Tom Ketchum, Treachery Act 1940, Trial by combat, Tsutomu Miyazaki, Tyburn, Union (American Civil War), Upright jerker, Vasil Levski, Vertebral column, Vichy France, Victor Feguer, Victoria (Australia), Vikings, Waffen-SS, War crime, Washington (state), Washington, D.C., Watban Ibrahim al-Tikriti, Württemberg, William Blake, William Joyce, William Marwood, Witchcraft, World War II, Wrocław, Yakub Memon, Yerawada Central Jail, Yggdrasil, Ziad Al-Karbouly, 1993 Bombay bombings, 2001 Indian Parliament attack, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 2005 Amman bombings, 2008 Mumbai attacks. 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Adam of Bremen (Adamus Bremensis; Adam von Bremen) was a German medieval chronicler.
Otto Adolf Eichmann (19 March 1906 – 1 June 1962) was a German Nazi SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) and one of the major organizers of the Holocaust.
Mohammad Afzal Guru (30 June 1969 – 9 February 2013) was a Kashmiri separatist, who was convicted for his role in the 2001 Indian Parliament attack.
Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab (محمد اجمل امیر قصاب) ‎; 13 July 1987 – 21 November 2012) was a Pakistani terrorist and a member of the Lashkar-e-Taiba Islamist group, through which he took part in the 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks in Maharashtra state of India. Kasab was the only attacker captured alive by police. Kasab was born in Faridkot, Pakistan to a family belonging to the Qassab community. He left his home in 2005, engaging in petty crime and armed robbery with a friend. In late 2007, he and his friend encountered members of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah, the political wing of Lashkar-e-Taiba, distributing pamphlets, and were persuaded to join. On 3 May 2010, Kasab was found guilty of 80 offences, including murder, waging war against India, possessing explosives, and other charges. On 6 May 2010, the same trial court sentenced him to death on four counts and to a life sentence on five counts. Kasab's death sentence was upheld by the Bombay High Court on 21 February 2011. The verdict was upheld by the Supreme Court of India on 29 August 2012. Kasab was hanged on 21 November 2012 at 7:30 am. and buried at Yerwada Jail in Pune.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
Al Jazeera (translit,, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context), also known as JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.
The Alawis, also rendered as Alawites (علوية Alawiyyah/Alawīyah), are a syncretic sect of the Twelver branch of Shia Islam, primarily centered in Syria.
Albert Pierrepoint (30 March 1905 – 10 July 1992) was a long-serving hangman in England.
Alexander II (p; 29 April 1818 – 13 March 1881) was the Emperor of Russia from the 2nd March 1855 until his assassination on 13 March 1881.
Ali Hassan Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (علي حسن عبد المجيد التكريتي; 1941? – 25 January 2010) was a Ba'athist Iraqi Defense Minister, Interior Minister, military commander and chief of the Iraqi Intelligence Service.
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
Amnesty International USA (AI USA) is one of many country sections that make up Amnesty International worldwide.
Andrey Andreyevich Vlasov or Wlassow (Андрéй Андрéевич Влáсов, – August 1, 1946) was a Russian Red Army general.
The Anfal genocide was a genocide that killed between 50,000 and 182,000 Kurds.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
Arthur Lucas, originally from the U.S. state of Georgia, was one of the two last people to be executed in Canada, on December 11, 1962.
Asphyxia or asphyxiation is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body that arises from abnormal breathing.
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, was assassinated by well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, while attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. Shot in the head as he watched the play, Lincoln died the following day at 7:22 a.m., in the Petersen House opposite the theater.
Atefeh Rajabi Sahaaleh (عاطفه رجبی سهاله; – September 21, 1987 – August 15, 2004) was an Iranian girl from the town of Neka who was executed a week after being sentenced to death by Haji Rezai, head of Neka's court, on charges of adultery and "crimes against chastity." After the execution of Atefeh, Iranian media reported that Judge Rezai and several militia members, including Captain Zabihi and Captain Molai, were arrested by the Intelligence Ministry.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Awad Hamad al-Bandar (عواد حمد بندر السعدون; aka: Awad Hamad Bandar Alsa'doon) (2 January 1945 – 15 January 2007) was an Iraqi chief judge under Saddam Hussein's presidency.
Barton Kay Kirkham (December 1936 – June 7, 1958) was a deserter of the United States Air Force who was discharged in 1955 after committing a robbery in Colorado.
Barzan Mohamed (17 February 1951 – 15 January 2007), also known as Barazan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, Barasan Ibrahem Alhassen and Barzan Hassan (برزان إبراهيم الحسن التكريتي; Barzan Mohamed), was one of three half-brothers of Saddam Hussein, and a leader of the Mukhabarat, the Iraqi intelligence service.
The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
Bergen is a town in the north of Celle district on the Lüneburg Heath, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Billy Bailey (January 1947 – January 25, 1996) was a convicted murderer who was hanged in Delaware in 1996.
A black market, underground economy, or shadow economy is a clandestine market or transaction that has some aspect of illegality or is characterized by some form of noncompliant behavior with an institutional set of rules.
Boydell & Brewer is an academic press based in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England that specializes in publishing historical and critical works.
Brain ischemia (a.k.a. cerebral ischemia, cerebrovascular ischemia) is a condition in which there is insufficient blood flow to the brain to meet metabolic demand.
The breaking wheel, also known as the Catherine wheel or simply the wheel, was a torture device used for public execution from antiquity into early modern times by breaking a criminal's bones and/or bludgeoning them to death.
The British Free Corps (Britisches Freikorps) was a unit of the Waffen SS during World War II, consisting of British and Dominion prisoners of war who had been recruited by Nazi Germany.
Burglary (also called breaking and entering and sometimes housebreaking) is an unlawful entry into a building or other location for the purposes of committing an offence.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Capital murder was a statutory offence of aggravated murder in Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.
Capital punishment (trest smrti in Czech) is forbidden by the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms of the Czech Republic (part of the constitutional law of the Czech Republic) and is simultaneously prohibited by international legal obligations arising from the Czech Republic's membership of both the Council of Europe and the European Union.
Cardiac arrest is a sudden loss of blood flow resulting from the failure of the heart to effectively pump.
In human anatomy, the carotid sinus is a dilated area at the base of the internal carotid artery just superior to the bifurcation of the internal carotid and external carotid at the level of the superior border of thyroid cartilage.
Celle is a town and capital of the district of Celle, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Cerebral edema is excess accumulation of fluid in the intracellular or extracellular spaces of the brain.
Cerebral hypoxia is a form of hypoxia (reduced supply of oxygen), specifically involving the brain; when the brain is completely deprived of oxygen, it is called cerebral anoxia.
A cervical fracture, commonly called a broken neck, is a catastrophic fracture of any of the seven cervical vertebrae in the neck.
In vertebrates, cervical vertebrae (singular: vertebra) are the vertebrae of the neck, immediately below the skull.
Chastity is sexual conduct of a person deemed praiseworthy and virtuous according to the moral standards and guidelines of their culture, civilization or religion.
Choking (also known as foreign body airway obstruction) is a life-threatening medical emergency characterized by the blockage of air passage into the lungs secondary to the inhalation or ingestion of food or another object.
The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.
Clinton Truman Duffy (1898 – 1982) was the warden of San Quentin State Prison between 1940 and 1952.
Clouds of Witness is a 1926 mystery novel by Dorothy L. Sayers, the second in her series featuring Lord Peter Wimsey.
In anatomy, the left and right common carotid arteries (carotids) are arteries that supply the head and neck with oxygenated blood; they divide in the neck to form the external and internal carotid arteries.
The Compact Oxford English Dictionary of Current English is a one-volume dictionary published by Oxford University Press.
The Kingdom of Poland, informally known as Congress Poland or Russian Poland, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland connected by personal union with the Russian Empire under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland until 1832.
The County of Hainaut (Comté de Hainaut, Graafschap Henegouwen; Grafschaft Hennegau), sometimes given the archaic spellings Hainault and Heynowes, was a historical lordship within the medieval Holy Roman Empire, with its capital at Mons (Bergen).
A crime against peace, in international law, is "planning, preparation, initiation, or waging of wars of aggression, or a war in violation of international treaties, agreements or assurances, or participation in a common plan or conspiracy for the accomplishment of any of the foregoing".
The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (c.37) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population.
Crucifixion is a method of capital punishment in which the victim is tied or nailed to a large wooden beam and left to hang for several days until eventual death from exhaustion and asphyxiation.
Cyanosis is defined as the bluish or purplish discolouration of the skin or mucous membranes due to the tissues near the skin surface having low oxygen saturation.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
David Edgar Herold (June 16, 1842 – July 7, 1865) was an accomplice of John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865.
Deliberately causing death through the effects of combustion, or effects of exposure to extreme heat, has a long history as a form of capital punishment.
A death erection, angel lust, or terminal erection is a post-mortem erection, technically a priapism, observed in the corpses of men who have been executed, particularly by hanging.
Decapitation is the complete separation of the head from the body.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
Diya (دية; plural diyāt, ديات) in Islamic law, is the financial compensation paid to the victim or heirs of a victim in the cases of murder, bodily harm or property damage.
Dortmund (Düörpm:; Tremonia) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The fictitious title of Duke of Denver was created by Dorothy Sayers for the family of Lord Peter Wimsey.
Dule or dool trees in Britain were used as gallows for public hangings.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Eliyahu Ben-Shaul Cohen (אֱלִיָּהוּ בֵּן שָׁאוּל כֹּהֵן‎, إيلي كوهين‎; 26 December 1924 – 18 May 1965), commonly known as Eli Cohen, was an Israeli spy.
Elisabeth Volkenrath (née Mühlau; 5 September 1919 – 13 December 1945) was a German supervisor at several Nazi concentration camps during World War II.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner (4 October 190316 October 1946) was an Austrian-born senior official of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Erotic asphyxiation or breath control play is the intentional restriction of oxygen to the brain for the purposes of sexual arousal.
Eva Dugan (1878 – February 21, 1930) was a convicted murderer whose execution by hanging at the state prison in Florence, Arizona resulted in her decapitation and influenced the state of Arizona to replace hanging with the lethal gas chamber as a method of execution.
Evin Prison (Zendān-e-Evin) is a prison located in the Evin neighborhood of Tehran, Iran.
Execution by firing squad, in the past sometimes called fusillading (from the French fusil, rifle), is a method of capital punishment, particularly common in the military and in times of war.
A judicial executioner is a person who carries out a death sentence ordered by the state or other legal authority, which was known in feudal terminology as high justice.
An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than their native country.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.
Florence Katherine Shoemaker Thompson Riney (October 30, 1892 – April 13, 1961) was the first female sheriff in the United States of America to carry out an execution.
A folk hero or national hero is a type of hero – real, fictional or mythological – with the sole salient characteristic being the imprinting of his or her name, personality and deeds in the popular consciousness of a people.
Forgery is the process of making, adapting, or imitating objects, statistics, or documents with the intent to deceive for the sake of altering the public perception, or to earn profit by selling the forged item.
Fort Lesley J. McNair is a United States Army post located on the tip of Greenleaf Point, the peninsula that lies at the confluence of the Potomac River and the Anacostia River in Washington, D.C. To the peninsula's west is the Washington Channel, while the Anacostia River is on its south side.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
The Freedom of the City is an honour bestowed by a municipality upon a valued member of the community, or upon a visiting celebrity or dignitary.
Fritz Klein (24 November 1888 – 13 December 1945) was a German Nazi doctor hanged for his role in atrocities at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp during the Holocaust.
Gainesville is a city in and the county seat of Cooke County, Texas, United States.
A gallows (or scaffold) is a frame, typically wooden, used for execution by hanging.
A garrote or garrote vil (a Spanish word; alternative spellings include garotte and garrotte including "garrot" and "G-knot"Oxford English Dictionary, 11th Ed: garrotte is normal British English spelling, with single r alternate. Article title is US English spelling variant.) is a weapon, most often referring to a handheld ligature of chain, rope, scarf, wire or fishing line used to strangle a person.
A gas chamber is an apparatus for killing humans or other animals with gas, consisting of a sealed chamber into which a poisonous or asphyxiant gas is introduced.
George Andrew Atzerodt (June 12, 1835 – July 7, 1865) was a conspirator, with John Wilkes Booth, in the assassination of US President Abraham Lincoln.
The Grand Duchy of Finland (Suomen suuriruhtinaskunta, Storfurstendömet Finland, Великое княжество Финляндское,; literally Grand Principality of Finland) was the predecessor state of modern Finland.
A guillotine is an apparatus designed for efficiently carrying out executions by beheading.
A gunshot wound (GSW), also known as ballistic trauma, is a form of physical trauma sustained from the discharge of arms or munitions.
Halle was one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, located in the south of the country.
Hanau is a town in the Main-Kinzig-Kreis, in Hesse, Germany.
The Hand of Glory is the dried and pickled hand of a man who has been hanged, often specified as being the left (sinister) hand, or, if the man were hanged for murder, the hand that "did the deed." Old European beliefs attribute great powers to a Hand of Glory combined with a candle made from fat from the corpse of the same malefactor who died on the gallows.
"Hanging judge" is a colloquial phrase for a judge who has gained notoriety for handing down punishment by sentencing convicted persons to death by hanging, or otherwise imposing unusually harsh sentences.
In the United States, a hanging tree or hangman's tree is any tree used to perform executions by hanging.
Hangman is a paper and pencil guessing game for two or more players.
"Hangman's fracture" is the colloquial name given to a fracture of both pedicles or pars interarticularis of the axis vertebra (C2).
The hangman's knot or hangman's noose (also known as a collar during the Elizabethan era) is a knot most often associated with its use in hanging a person.
Harper, situated on Cape Palmas, is the capital of Maryland County in Liberia.
Harry Bernard Allen (5 November 1911 – 14 August 1992) was one of Britain's last official executioners, officiating between 1941 and 1964.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army.
Henry VI (Heinrich VI) (November 1165 – 28 September 1197), a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1190 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1191 until his death.
The Hereditary peers form part of the peerage in the United Kingdom.
Hideki Tojo (Kyūjitai: 東條 英機; Shinjitai: 東条 英機;; December 30, 1884 – December 23, 1948) was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), the leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 27th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 17, 1941, to July 22, 1944.
was a Japanese serial killer.
Anglo-Saxon England was early medieval England, existing from the 5th to the 11th century from the end of Roman Britain until the Norman conquest in 1066.
HM Prison Liverpool (formerly Walton Gaol) is a category B/C local men's prison in Walton, Liverpool, England.
HM Prison Manchester (commonly known as Strangeways) is a high-security men's prison in Manchester, England, operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
HM Prison Pentonville (informally "The Ville") is an English Category B men's prison, operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
HM Prison Wandsworth, is a Category B men's prison at Wandsworth in the London Borough of Wandsworth, South West London, England.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
The Homicide Act 1957 (5 & 6 Eliz.2 c.11) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Romanov (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. also Romanoff; Рома́новы, Románovy) was the second dynasty to rule Russia, after the House of Rurik, reigning from 1613 until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on March 15, 1917, as a result of the February Revolution.
Hugh CapetCapet is a byname of uncertain meaning distinguishing him from his father Hugh the Great.
The Human Rights Act 1998 (c42) is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom which received Royal Assent on 9 November 1998, and mostly came into force on 2 October 2000.
The Hungarian Revolution of 1956, or Hungarian Uprising of 1956 (1956-os forradalom or 1956-os felkelés), was a nationwide revolt against the Marxist-Leninist government of the Hungarian People's Republic and its Soviet-imposed policies, lasting from 23 October until 10 November 1956.
The hyoid bone (lingual bone or tongue-bone) is a horseshoe-shaped bone situated in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage.
is a commercial and entertainment district in Toshima, Tokyo, Japan.
The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.
Impalement, as a method of execution and also torture, is the penetration of a human by an object such as a stake, pole, spear, or hook, often by complete or partial perforation of the torso.
Imre Nagy (7 June 1896 – 16 June 1958) was a Hungarian communist politician who was appointed Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People's Republic on two occasions.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
An insurgency began in Iraq after the 2003 US-led invasion, and lasted throughout the ensuing Iraq War (2003–2011).
Irma Ida Ilse Grese (7 October 1923 – 13 December 1945) was a female SS guard at the Nazi concentration camps of Ravensbrück and Auschwitz, and served as warden of the women's section of Bergen-Belsen.
The Italian resistance movement (Resistenza italiana or just la Resistenza) is an umbrella term for resistance groups that opposed the occupying German forces and the Italian Fascist puppet regime of the Italian Social Republic during the later years of World War II.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and the commander of the expeditionary force sent to China in 1937.
John Ketch (died November 1686), generally known as Jack Ketch, was an infamous English executioner employed by King Charles II.
Jalal Talabani (Kurdish: جەلال تاڵەبانی Celal Tallebanî, جلال طالباني; 1933 – 3 October 2017) was an Iraqi Kurdish politician who served as President of Iraq from 2006 to 2014, as well as the President of the Governing Council of Iraq.
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.
Ulrich Friedrich Wilhelm Joachim von Ribbentrop (30 April 1893 – 16 October 1946), more commonly known as Joachim von Ribbentrop, was Foreign Minister of Nazi Germany from 1938 until 1945.
Johann Ludwig (also known as John Lewis, Jean Louis) Burckhardt (24 November 1784 – 15 October 1817) was a Swiss traveller, geographer and orientalist.
John Amery (14 March 1912 – 19 December 1945) was a British fascist who, during the Second World War, proposed to the Wehrmacht the formation of a British volunteer force (that subsequently became the British Free Corps), as well as making recruitment efforts and propaganda broadcasts for Nazi Germany.
John Gabriel Stedman (1744 – 7 March 1797) was a British–Dutch colonial soldier, most noted as the author of The Narrative of a Five Years Expedition against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam (1796).
John Murray is a British publisher, known for the authors it has published in its history, including Jane Austen, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Lord Byron, Charles Lyell, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Herman Melville, Edward Whymper, and Charles Darwin.
Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Josef Kramer (10 November 1906 – 13 December 1945) was the Commandant of Auschwitz-Birkenau (from May 8, 1944 to November 25, 1944) and of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp (from December 1944 to its liberation, April 15, 1945).
The Journal of Neurosurgery is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of neurosurgery.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
The jugular veins are veins that take deoxygenated blood from the head back to the heart via the superior vena cava.
Juraj Jánošík (first name also Juro or Jurko,; baptised January 25, 1688, died March 17, 1713) was a famous Slovak highwayman.
Karl Hermann Frank (24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946) was a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in Czechoslovakia prior to and during World War II and an SS-Obergruppenführer.
was a Japanese diplomat and politician who served as the 32nd Prime Minister of Japan from 9 March 1936 to 2 February 1937.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.
In criminal law, kidnapping is the unlawful carrying away (asportation) and confinement of a person against his or her will.
The kilogram-force (kgf or kgF), or kilopond (kp, from Latin pondus meaning weight), is a gravitational metric unit of force.
Lancaster Castle is a medieval castle in Lancaster in the English county of Lancashire.
Landsberg am Lech (Landsberg on the river Lech) is a town in southwest Bavaria, Germany, about 65 kilometers west of Munich and 35 kilometers south of Augsburg.
Latakia, Lattakia or Latakiyah (اللَاذِقِيَّة Syrian pronunciation), is the principal port city of Syria, as well as the capital of the Latakia Governorate.
Laurence Shirley, 4th Earl Ferrers (18 August 1720 – 5 May 1760) was an English nobleman, notable for being the last peer to be hanged, following his conviction for murdering his steward.
Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery CH (22 November 1873 – 16 September 1955), usually known as Leo Amery or L. S. Amery, was a British Conservative Party politician and journalist, noted for his interest in military preparedness, British India and the British Empire and for his opposition to appeasement.
Lethal injection is the practice of injecting one or more drugs into a person (typically a barbiturate, paralytic, and potassium solution) for the express purpose of causing immediate death.
Lewis Thornton Powell (April 22, 1844 – July 7, 1865), also known as Lewis Payne and Lewis Paine, was an American citizen who attempted to assassinate United States Secretary of State William H. Seward on April 14, 1865.
Life was an American magazine that ran regularly from 1883 to 1972 and again from 1978 to 2000.
Life imprisonment (also known as imprisonment for life, life in prison, a life sentence, a life term, lifelong incarceration, life incarceration or simply life) is any sentence of imprisonment for a crime under which convicted persons are to remain in prison either for the rest of their natural life or until paroled.
This is a list of people who died as a result of hanging, including suicides and judicial, extrajudicial, or summary executions.
The following are lists of notable people who died from suicide.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
Lord Haw-Haw was a nickname applied to the Irish-American William Joyce, who broadcast Nazi propaganda to Britain from Germany during the Second World War.
Lord Peter Death Bredon Wimsey is the fictional protagonist in a series of detective novels and short stories by Dorothy L. Sayers (and their continuation by Jill Paton Walsh).
Lynching is a premeditated extrajudicial killing by a group.
Lynching is the practice of murder by a group by extrajudicial action.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Mahmoud Asgari (محمود عسگری), aged 16, and Ayaz Marhoni (عیاض مرهونی), aged 18, were Iranian teenagers from the province of Khorasan who were publicly hanged in Edalat (Justice) Square in Mashhad, northeast Iran, on July 19, 2005.
was a Japanese janitor who committed mass murder of 8 people and wounded 15 others in the 2001 Osaka school massacre.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Mankato is a city in Blue Earth, Nicollet, and Le Sueur counties in the state of Minnesota.
Manslaughter is a common law legal term for homicide considered by law as less culpable than murder.
Infanta Maria Anna of Spain (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646),.
Marranos were Jews living in the Iberian Peninsula who converted or were forced to convert to Christianity during the Middle Ages yet continued to practice Judaism in secret.
Mary Elizabeth Jenkins SurrattCashin, p. 287.
Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.
Mashhad (مشهد), also spelled Mashad or Meshad, is the second most populous city in Iran and the capital of Razavi Khorasan Province.
Meir Tobianski (מאיר טוביאנסקי) also Tubianski (20 May 1904, Kovno – 30 June 1948) was an officer in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) who was executed as a traitor on circumstantial evidence on the orders of Isser Be'eri, the first director of the IDF's intelligence branch.
Melun is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.
Merriam–Webster, Incorporated is an American company that publishes reference books which is especially known for its dictionaries.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr (محمد محمّد صادق الصدر; Muḥammad Muḥammad Ṣādiq aṣ-Ṣadr) (March 23, 1943 – February 19, 1999), often referred to as Muhammad Sadiq as-Sadr which is his father's name, was a prominent Iraqi Twelver Shi'a cleric of the rank of Grand Ayatollah.
Muath Safi Yousef Al-Kasasbeh (معاذ صافي يوسف الكساسبة South Levantine pronunciation:; 29 May 1988 – c. 3 January 2015) was a Royal Jordanian Air Force pilot who was captured and burned to death by the militant jihadist group ISIL after his F-16 fighter aircraft crashed over Syria.
Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought.
The Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The murder of John Alan West on 7 April 1964 was the crime which led to the last time a death sentence was carried out in any part of the United Kingdom.
Nathuram Vinayak Godse (19 May 1910 – 15 November 1949) was a right-wing advocate of Hindu nationalism who assassinated Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi on 30 January 1948.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The neck is the part of the body, on many vertebrates, that separates the head from the torso.
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Territory of New Mexico was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed (with varying boundaries) from September 9, 1850, until January 6, 1912, when the remaining extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of New Mexico, making it the longest-lived organized incorporated territory of the United States, lasting approximately 62 years.
Newgate Prison was a prison in London, at the corner of Newgate Street and Old Bailey just inside the City of London.
The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.
A noose is a loop at the end of a rope in which the knot tightens under load and can be loosened without.
was a Japanese spree killer and novelist.
The Nuremberg trials (Die Nürnberger Prozesse) were a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World War II.
The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth.
The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.
In Germanic mythology, Odin (from Óðinn /ˈoːðinː/) is a widely revered god.
Odo I (also spelled Eudes) (– 12 March 996), Count of Blois, Chartres, Reims, Provins, Châteaudun, and Omois, was the son of Theobald I of Blois and Luitgard, daughter of Herbert II of Vermandois.
The Odyssey (Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.
Oettingen in Bayern is a town in the Donau-Ries district, in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.
The Official Table of Drops, issued by the British Home Office, is a manual which is used to calculate the appropriate length of rope for long drop hangings.
The Central Criminal Court of England and Wales, commonly referred to as the Old Bailey from the street on which it stands, is a court in London and one of a number of buildings housing the Crown Court.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Owensboro is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Daviess County, Kentucky, United States.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Paralysis is a loss of muscle function for one or more muscles.
Parole is a temporary release of a prisoner who agrees to certain conditions before the completion of the maximum sentence period, originating from the French parole ("voice, spoken words").
A partisan is a member of an irregular military force formed to oppose control of an area by a foreign power or by an army of occupation by some kind of insurgent activity.
A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder primarily for the purpose of international travel.
A petechia, plural petechiae, is a small (1–2 mm) red or purple spot on the skin, caused by a minor bleed from broken capillary blood vessels.
The pound-force (symbol: lbf, sometimes lbf) is a unit of force used in some systems of measurement including English Engineering units and the British Gravitational System.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), or remand center is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is presented.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Rainey Bethea (c. 1909 – August 14, 1936) was the last person publicly executed in the United States.
Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.
Reyhaneh Jabbari (ریحانه جباری; 1988 – 25 October 2014) was a woman convicted of murdering Morteza Abdolali Sarbandi, in Iran.
Richard, count of Acerra (died 30 November 1196) was an Italo-Norman nobleman, grandson of Robert of Medania, a Frenchman of Anjou.
Robert Leslie Stewart (April 1918 – 30 April 1988), from Edinburgh, Scotland, also known as Jock Stewart, was one of the last executioners in the United Kingdom, officiating between 1950 and 1964.
Ronald Joseph Ryan (21 February 1925 – 3 February 1967) was the last person to be legally executed in Australia.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Ruth Ellis (9 October 1926 – 13 July 1955) was a British model and nightclub hostess.
Sabawi Ibrahim al-Tikriti (سبعاوي إبراهيم التكريتي), half brother of Saddam Hussein (27 February 1947 – 8 July 2013), was the leader of the Iraqi secret service, the Mukhabarat, at the time of the 1991 Gulf War.
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
Sajida Mubarak Atrous al-Rishawi (ساجدة مبارك عطروس الريشاوي c. 1970 – 4 February 2015) was a failed suicide bomber.
Samuel Haughton (21 December 1821 – 31 October 1897) was an Irish scientific writer.
San Quentin State Prison (SQ) is a California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation state prison for men, located north of San Francisco in the unincorporated town of San Quentin in Marin County.
was a General in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II and a War Minister.
Serfdom is the status of many peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism.
Sexual assault is an act in which a person coerces or physically forces a person to engage in a sexual act against their will.
Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.
A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated.
A mechanical or physical shock is a sudden acceleration caused, for example, by impact, drop, kick, earthquake, or explosion.
is the founder of the Japanese doomsday cult group Aum Shinrikyo.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Sofia (Со́фия, tr.) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.
Soultzmatt is a commune in the Haut-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord that causes temporary or permanent changes in its function.
Strangling is compression of the neck that may lead to unconsciousness or death by causing an increasingly hypoxic state in the brain.
Stutthof was a Nazi German concentration camp established in a secluded, wet, and wooded area near the small town of Sztutowo (Stutthof) 34 km (21 mi) east of the city of Gdańsk in the former territory of the Free City of Danzig.
In medicine, a subluxation is an incomplete or partial dislocation of a joint or organ.
Sugamo Prison (Sugamo Kōchi-sho, Kyūjitai: 巢鴨拘置所, Shinjitai: 巣鴨拘置所) was located in the district of Ikebukuro, which is now part of the Toshima ward of Tokyo, Japan.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
Suicide watch is an intensive monitoring process used to ensure that a person cannot attempt suicide.
Sulṭān Hāshim Aḥmad Muḥammad al-Ṭāʾī (سلطان هاشم أحمد محمد الطائي) is a former Iraqi military commander, who served as Minister of Defense under Saddam Hussein's regime.
A summary execution is an execution in which a person is accused of a crime and immediately killed without benefit of a full and fair trial.
The Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) (originally briefly styled Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers) was the title held by General Douglas MacArthur during the Allied occupation of Japan following World War II.
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
Taha Yasin Ramadan al-Jizrawi (طه ياسين رمضان الجزراوي; 1938 – 20 March 2007) was a prominent Iraqi Kurd, serving as one of the two Vice Presidents of Iraq from March 1991 to the fall of Saddam Hussein in April 2003.
Tariq Aziz (طارق عزيز, born Mikhail Yuhanna, ܡܝܟܐܝܠ ܝܘܚܢܢ, ميخائيل يوحنا, baptized Manuel Christo; 28 April 1936 – 5 June 2015) was Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister (1979–2003) and Foreign Minister (1983–1991) and a close advisor of President Saddam Hussein.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (AHD) is an American dictionary of English published by Boston publisher Houghton Mifflin, the first edition of which appeared in 1969.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Newgate Calendar, subtitled The Malefactors' Bloody Register, was a popular work of improving literature in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Slovak Spectator (or in abbreviated form Slovak Spectator) is Slovakia's English-language newspaper.
Theodore William John Schurch (5 May 1918 – 4 January 1946) was a British soldier of Anglo-Swiss parentage who was executed by virtue of the Treachery Act 1940 after the end of World War II.
Tihar Prisons, also called Tihar Jail and Tihar Ashram, is a prison complex in India and the largest complex of prisons in South Asia.
Joaquim José da Silva Xavier (November 12, 1746 – April 21, 1792), known as Tiradentes, was a leading member of the Brazilian revolutionary movement known as Inconfidência Mineira, whose aim was full independence from Portuguese colonial power and creation of a Brazilian republic.
The Tokyo subway sarin attack (was an act of domestic terrorism perpetrated on March 20, 1995, in Tokyo, Japan, by members of the cult movement Aum Shinrikyo. Aum Shinrikyo was a religious movement and doomsday cult led by Shoko Asahara. The group believed in a doctrine revolving around a syncretic mixture of Indian and Tibetan Buddhism, as well as Christian and Hindu beliefs, especially relating to the Hindu god Shiva. They believed that Armageddon is inevitable in the form of a global war involving the United States and Japan; that non-members were doomed to eternal hell, but that they could be saved if they were killed by cult members; and that only members of the cult would survive the apocalypse, and would afterwards build the Kingdom of Shambhala. The group had already carried out several assassinations and terrorist attacks using sarin, including the Matsumoto sarin attack nine months earlier. They had also produced several other nerve agents, including VX. The cult had attempted to produce botulinum toxin and had perpetrated several failed acts of bioterrorism. Asahara had been made aware of a police raid scheduled for March 22 and had planned the Tokyo subway attack in order to hinder police investigations into the cult and perhaps to spark the global apocalypse. In five coordinated attacks, the perpetrators released sarin on three lines of the Tokyo Metro (then part of the Tokyo subway) during rush hour, killing 12 people, severely injuring 50, and causing temporary vision problems for nearly 1,000 others. The attack was directed against trains passing through Kasumigaseki and Nagatachō, Tokyo, home of the Japanese government. In the raid following the attack, police arrested many senior members of the cult. Police activity continued throughout the summer, eventually arresting over 200 members, including Asahara himself. Thirteen of the senior Aum management have been sentenced to death, with many others given prison sentences up to life. The attack shocked the Japanese, who had widely thought their nation to be free from crime and unrest. It was the deadliest incident to occur in Japan since the end of World War II until the Myojo 56 building fire on September 1, 2001. The attack remains the deadliest terrorist incident in Japan, and Aum Shinrikyo remain the only group in Japan to have utilized biological and chemical weapons.
Thomas E. Ketchum (October 31, 1863 – April 26, 1901), known as Black Jack, was a cowboy who later turned to a life of crime.
The Treachery Act 1940 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom enacted during World War II to facilitate the prosecution and execution of enemy spies, and suspended after the war and later repealed.
Trial by combat (also wager of battle, trial by battle or judicial duel) was a method of Germanic law to settle accusations in the absence of witnesses or a confession in which two parties in dispute fought in single combat; the winner of the fight was proclaimed to be right.
, also known as The Otaku Murderer or The Little Girl Murderer, was a Japanese serial killer, cannibal, and necrophile who abducted and murdered four young girls in Saitama and Tokyo Prefectures from August 1988 to June 1989.
Tyburn was a village in the county of Middlesex close to the current location of Marble Arch and the southern end of Edgware Road in present-day London.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
The upright jerker was an execution method and device intermittently used in the United States during the 19th and early 20th century.
Vasil Levski (Васил Левски, originally spelled Василъ Лѣвскій, pronounced), born Vasil Ivanov Kunchev (Васил Иванов Кунчев; 18 July 1837 – 18 February 1873), was a Bulgarian revolutionary and is a national hero of Bulgaria today.
The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is part of the axial skeleton.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
Victor Harry Feguer (1935 – March 15, 1963) was a convicted murderer and the last federal inmate executed in the United States before the moratorium on the death penalty following Furman v. Georgia, and the last person put to death in the state of Iowa.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
The Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was the armed wing of the Nazi Party's SS organisation.
A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Watban Ibrahim al-Tikriti (وطبان إبراهيم التكريتي‎; 1952 – 13 August 2015) was a former senior Interior Minister of Iraq.
Württemberg is a historical German territory.
William Blake (28 November 1757 – 12 August 1827) was an English poet, painter, and printmaker.
William Brooke Joyce (24 April 1906 – 3 January 1946), nicknamed Lord Haw-Haw, was an American-born, Anglo-Irish Fascist politician and Nazi propaganda broadcaster to the United Kingdom during World War II.
William Marwood (1818 – 4 September 1883) was a hangman for the British government.
Witchcraft or witchery broadly means the practice of and belief in magical skills and abilities exercised by solitary practitioners and groups.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
Yakub Abdul Razak Memon (30 July 1962 – 30 July 2015) was an Indian citizen who was convicted over his involvement in the 1993 Bombay bombings by Special Terrorist and Disruptive Activities court on 27 July 2007.
Yerwada Central Jail is a noted high-security jail in Yerwada, Pune, in Maharashtra.
Yggdrasil (or; from Old Norse Yggdrasill, pronounced) is an immense mythical tree that connects the nine worlds in Norse cosmology.
Ziad Khalaf al-Karbouly (زياد خلف الكربولي; 1970 - died 4 February 2015) a native of Al-Qa'im, was an Islamist former Iraqi officer and the son of an Iraqi tribal sheikh of the Al-Karabla clan of the Dulaim.
The 1993 Bombay bombings were a series of 12 bomb explosions that took place in Mumbai, India, then known as Bombay, on 12 March 1993.
The 2001 Indian Parliament attack was a terrorist attack at the Parliament of India in New Delhi on 13 December 2001.
The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).
The 2005 Amman bombings were a series of coordinated bomb attacks on three hotel lobbies in Amman, Jordan, on 9 November 2005.
The 2008 Mumbai attacks (also referred to as 26/11) were a group of terrorist attacks that took place in November 2008, when 10 members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, an Islamic terrorist organisation based in Pakistan, carried out a series of 12 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks lasting four days across Mumbai.
Death by hanging, Execute by hanging, Executed by hanging, Execution by Hanging, Execution by hanging, Hang by the neck until dead, Hang for murder, Hanged, Hanged (execution), Hanging (execution), Hanging offense, Hangings, Public hanging, Short drop, Sus. per coll., Suspendatur per collum.