357 relations: Aberfan, Alec Douglas-Home, Alexei Kosygin, Alzheimer's disease, Anatoliy Golitsyn, Andrew Shonfield, Aneurin Bevan, Anthony Crosland, Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, Arnold Goodman, Baron Goodman, Arthur Bottomley, Austen Albu, Balance of trade, Bar-Ilan University, Barbara Castle, Beira Patrol, Ben Pimlott, Bloomsbury, Bolsheviks, Bootle, Boundary commissions (United Kingdom), Breathalyzer, Bretton Woods system, British Army, British Rail, Bum steer, Cabinet of the United Kingdom, Cabinet Office, Cabossed, Capital gains tax, Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, Central Intelligence Agency, Central Statistical Office (United Kingdom), Chancellor, Chancellor of Germany (1949–present), Charles de Gaulle, Charles Key, Charles, Prince of Wales, Chris Mullin (politician), Christopher Andrew (historian), Claus Moser, Baron Moser, Clause IV, Clement Attlee, Coalition, Colin Wallace, Colorectal cancer, Commission for Health Improvement, Common land, Commons Registration Act 1965, Comprehensive school, ..., Conservative Party (UK), Corporal punishment, Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union, Counterintelligence, Cowan Dobson, D'Oyly Carte Opera Company, D. J. Finney, Dai Davies (trade unionist), Daily Mail, David Frost, Denis Healey, Dictionary of National Biography, Disposable and discretionary income, Doctor of Law, Doctor of Philosophy, Douglas Jay, Downing Street, Duncan Tanner, Earl of Home, East of Suez, Economic history, Economic planning, Economic Secretary to the Treasury, Ed Sullivan, Education, Edward Heath, Edward Short, Baron Glenamara, Eleven-plus, Elizabeth II, Ely Hospital, Encarta, Equal Pay Act 1970, Eric Miller (businessman), Eric Morecambe, European Economic Community, European Regional Development Fund, Evan Durbin, Exhibition (scholarship), Fabian Society, First Lord of the Treasury, Flowers in the Rain, Friday Night, Saturday Morning, G. D. H. Cole, Gannex, Garret FitzGerald, General medical services, George Alfred Barnard, George Brown, Baron George-Brown, George Harrison, George Tomlinson, Gilbert and Sullivan, Giles Alington (academic), Gnomes of Zürich, Golda Meir, Government budget, Government of Northern Ireland (1921–1972), Grammar school, Grammar schools debate, Greater Glasgow, Harold Macmillan, Harold Seddon, Harold Wilson, HarperCollins, Hartley Shawcross, Haus Publishing, Head girl and head boy, Herbert Morrison, Hilary Marquand, History of the Labour Party (UK), Home Secretary, Homo erectus, Homosexuality, Honorary degree, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, HP Sauce, Huddersfield, Huddersfield railway station, Huddersfield Town A.F.C., Hugh Dalton, Hugh Gaitskell, Hugh Wontner, Hung parliament, Hungary, Huyton, Huyton (UK Parliament constituency), Ian Smith, Ian Walters, In Place of Strife, Incomes policy, Indicative planning, Industrial Relations Act 1971, Institute of Economic Affairs, Isles of Scilly, Israel, ITV Anglia, James Callaghan, James Jesus Angleton, Jennie Lee, Baroness Lee of Asheridge, Jesus College, Oxford, Joe Haines (journalist), John Freeman (British politician), John Harvey-Jones, John Major, John Smith (Labour Party leader), Joseph Kagan, Baron Kagan, Joseph Stone, Baron Stone, Keith Joseph, Ken Livingstone, Kenneth O. Morgan, KGB, Korean War, Labour government, 1964–1970, Labour Party (UK), Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 1955, Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 1960, Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 1963, Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 1976, Lancaster University, Leader of the Labour Party (UK), Leader of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Liberal Party (UK), Life peer, List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1969, List of presidents of the Royal Statistical Society, Liverpool, London, Lord Mayor of London, Lords Temporal, Lyndon B. Johnson, Maiden speech, Malayan Emergency, Mansfield College, Oxford, Marcia Falkender, Baroness Falkender, Margaret Cole, Margaret Thatcher, Martin Pugh (historian), Mary Wilson, Baroness Wilson of Rievaulx, Matrimonial Proceedings and Property Act 1970, Member of parliament, Members of the House of Lords, MI5, Michael Foot, Michael Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham, Milton Keynes, Minister for the Civil Service, Minister of Technology, Ministry of Power (United Kingdom), Ministry of Works (United Kingdom), Morecambe and Wise, Muammar Gaddafi, National Assistance, National Economic Development Council, National Executive Committee, National Health Service, National Union of Seamen, Nationalization, Neil Kinnock, New College, Oxford, Nicholas Kaldor, Northern Ireland, Nurseries and Child-Minders Regulation Act 1948, Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet (United Kingdom), Open University, Operation Banner, Order of the British Empire, Order of the Garter, Ormskirk (UK Parliament constituency), Oxford University Press, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parliamentary secretary, Pat Thane, Patrick Gordon Walker, Peerage, Peter Wright, Philosophy, Politics and Economics, Piltdown Man, Pipe Smoker of the Year, Planned community, Praelector, Premier of the Soviet Union, Prescription charges, President of the Board of Trade, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prime Minister parodies (Private Eye), Private Eye, Profumo affair, Provisional Irish Republican Army, Public Accounts Committee (United Kingdom), Public finance, Public Records Act 1967, Race Relations Act 1968, Rail subsidies, Referendum Act 1975, Reginald Manningham-Buller, 1st Viscount Dilhorne, Revenue, Revolver (Beatles album), Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence, Richard Crossman, Richard Nixon, Rievaulx Abbey, Robbins Report, Robin Wilson (mathematician), Roy Jenkins, Roy Wood, Royal Mint, Royal Statistical Society, Royds Hall School, Scotland, Secretary for Overseas Trade, Secretary of State for Defence, Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, Sectarianism, Selective Employment Tax, Selsdon, Selsdon Group, Sexual Offences Act, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer, Shadow Foreign Secretary, Shipbuilding, Sir Ronald Cross, 1st Baronet, Social democracy, Socialism, Socialist International, South Wales, Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, Southern Rhodesia, Soviet Union, Speak for Britain!, Special Relationship, Spital, Merseyside, Spycatcher, St Mary's Old Church, St Mary's, St Mary's, Isles of Scilly, Stafford Cripps, State ownership, Stephen King-Hall, Supplementary Benefit, Swansea, Swinging Sixties, Tariff, Taxman, Teach-in, The Beatles, The Daily Telegraph, The Move, The Right Honourable, The Troubles, Thirty-year rule, Thomas Balogh, Baron Balogh, Three-Day Week, Tividale, Tony Atkinson, Tony Benn, Tony Blair, Tony Secunda, Trades Union Congress, Transport Act 1968, Trinity House, Tsarist autocracy, Ulster loyalism, Ulster Workers' Council strike, Unionism in Ireland, United Kingdom, United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, 1975, United Kingdom general election, 1945, United Kingdom general election, 1950, United Kingdom general election, 1951, United Kingdom general election, 1955, United Kingdom general election, 1959, United Kingdom general election, 1964, United Kingdom general election, 1966, United Kingdom general election, 1970, United Kingdom general election, 1979, United Kingdom general election, 1983, United Kingdom general election, February 1974, United Kingdom general election, October 1974, United Nations Security Council, University College, Oxford, University of Bradford, University of Essex, University of Huddersfield, University of Liverpool, University of Nottingham, University of Sussex, Vasili Mitrokhin, Vietnam War, Village green, Wales, War on Want, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, Welsh language, Welsh Language Act 1967, West Riding of Yorkshire, Western Australia, Westminster Abbey, William Beveridge, Willy Brandt, Wilson Doctrine, Winston Churchill, Winter of Discontent, Wirral Grammar School for Boys, Wirral Peninsula, Yorkshire dialect, 10 Downing Street, 1954 Geneva Conference, 1973 oil crisis, 1976 Prime Minister's Resignation Honours. 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Aberfan is a former coal mining village in South Wales, in the Taff Valley south of the town of Merthyr Tydfil.
Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, (2 July 1903 – 9 October 1995) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1963 to October 1964.
Alexei Nikolayevich Kosygin (p; – 18 December 1980) was a Soviet-Russian statesman during the Cold War.
Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.
Anatoliy Mikhaylovich Golitsyn CBE (August 25, 1926 – December 29, 2008) was a Soviet KGB defector and author of two books about the long-term deception strategy of the KGB leadership.
Sir Andrew Shonfield (10 August 1917 – 23 January 1981) was a British economist best known for writing Modern Capitalism (1966), a book that documented the rise of long-term planning in postwar Europe.
Aneurin Bevan (15 November 1897 – 6 July 1960), often known as Nye Bevan, was a Welsh Labour Party politician who was the Minister for Health in the post-war Attlee ministry from 1945-51.
Charles Anthony Raven Crosland (29 August 1918 – 19 February 1977), sometimes known as Tony Crosland or C. A. R. Crosland, was a British Labour Party politician and author.
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, 1st Earl of Midlothian, (7 May 1847 – 21 May 1929) was a British Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from March 1894 to June 1895.
Arnold Abraham Goodman, Baron Goodman, CH, (21 August 1913 – 12 May 1995) was a British lawyer and political advisor.
Arthur George Bottomley, Baron Bottomley, OBE, PC (7 February 1907 – 3 November 1995) was a British Labour politician, Member of Parliament and minister.
Austen Harry Albu (21 September 1903 – 23 November 1994) was a British Jewish Labour Member of Parliament for Edmonton.
The balance of trade, commercial balance, or net exports (sometimes symbolized as NX), is the difference between the monetary value of a nation's exports and imports over a certain period.
Bar-Ilan University (אוניברסיטת בר-אילן Universitat Bar-Ilan) is a public research university in the city of Ramat Gan in the Tel Aviv District, Israel.
Barbara Anne Castle, Baroness Castle of Blackburn, PC, GCOT (née Betts; 6 October 1910 – 3 May 2002) was a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament for Blackburn from 1945 to 1979, making her the longest-serving female MP in the history of the House of Commons, until that record was broken in 2007 by Gwyneth Dunwoody.
The Beira Patrol was a blockade of oil shipments to Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) through Beira, Mozambique, resulting from United Nations trade sanctions on Rhodesia.
Benjamin John Pimlott FBA (4 July 1945 – 10 April 2004), known as Ben Pimlott, was a British historian of the post-war period in Britain.
Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, between Euston Road and Holborn.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
Bootle (pronounced) is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton, Merseyside, England, which in 2001 had a population of 98,449.
The boundary commissions in the United Kingdom are non-departmental public bodies responsible for determining the boundaries of constituencies for elections to the House of Commons, the Scottish Parliament and the National Assembly for Wales.
A breathalyzer or breathalyser (a portmanteau of breath and analyzer/analyser) is a device for estimating blood alcohol content (BAC) from a breath sample.
The Bretton Woods system of monetary management established the rules for commercial and financial relations among the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Australia, and Japan after the 1944 Bretton-Woods Agreement.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
British Railways (BR), which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997.
To give a bum steer is a predominantly Australian and New Zealand idiom that means to provide information, intentionally or unintentionally, that is incorrect, was unhelpful, or caused one to be led astray.
The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and 21 cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers.
The Cabinet Office is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for supporting the Prime Minister and Cabinet of the United Kingdom.
In heraldry, cabossed, or caboched, is a term used where the head of a beast is cut off behind the ears, by a section parallel to the face; or by a perpendicular section: in contrast to couping, which is done by a horizontal line, and farther from the ears than cabossing.
A capital gains tax (CGT) is a tax on capital gains, the profit realized on the sale of a non-inventory asset that was greater than the amount realized on the sale.
Capital punishment in the United Kingdom was used from ancient times until the second half of the 20th century.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
The Central Statistical Office (CSO) was a British government department charged with the collection and publication of economic statistics for the United Kingdom.
Chancellor (cancellarius) is a title of various official positions in the governments of many nations.
The Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (in German called Bundeskanzler(in), meaning "Federal Chancellor", or in) for short) is, under the German 1949 Constitution, the head of government of Germany.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
Charles William Key, PC (8 August 1883 – 6 December 1964) was a British schoolmaster and Labour Party politician.
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.
Christopher John Mullin (born 12 December 1947) is a British Labour politician and diarist who was Member of Parliament (MP) for Sunderland South from 1987 to 2010.
Christopher Maurice Andrew (born 23 July 1941) is an Emeritus Professor of Modern and Contemporary History at the University of Cambridge with an interest in international relations and in particular the history of intelligence services.
Claus Adolf Moser, Baron Moser, (24 November 1922 – 4 September 2015) was a British statistician who made major contributions in both academia and the Civil Service.
Clause IV was part of the 1918 constitution of the Labour Party in Britain which set out the aims and values of the party.
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman of the Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.
The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group formed when two or more persons, faction, states, political parties, militaries etc.
John Colin Wallace (born c. 1943) is a former British member of Army Intelligence in Northern Ireland and a psychological warfare specialist.
Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine).
The Commission for Health Improvement (CHI) was a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department of Health of the United Kingdom from 2001 until 2004, when its functions were subsumed by the Healthcare Commission.
Common land is land owned collectively by a number of persons, or by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel.
The Commons Registration Act 1965 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom enacted in 1965 that concerns the registration of rights to common land, town greens, and village greens in England and Wales.
A comprehensive school is a secondary school that is a state school and does not select its intake on the basis of academic achievement or aptitude, in contrast to the selective school system, where admission is restricted on the basis of selection criteria.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
Corporal punishment or physical punishment is a punishment intended to cause physical pain on a person.
The Council of Ministers of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (p; sometimes abbreviated to Sovmin or referred to as the Soviet of Ministers), was the de jure government comprising the highest executive and administrative body of the Soviet Union from 1946 until 1991.
Counterintelligence is "an activity aimed at protecting an agency's intelligence program against an opposition's intelligence service." It likewise refers to information gathered and activities conducted to counter espionage, other intelligence activities, sabotage, or assassinations conducted for or on behalf of foreign powers, organizations or persons, international terrorist activities, sometimes including personnel, physical, document or communications security programs.
David Cowan Dobson (1894–1980), ARBA, RBA, was a leading Scottish portrait artist.
The D'Oyly Carte Opera Company is a professional light opera company that staged Gilbert and Sullivan's Savoy operas nearly year-round in the UK and sometimes toured in Europe, North America and elsewhere, from the 1870s until 1982.
David John Finney CBE, FRS, FRSE (born 3 January 1917), is a British statistician and Professor Emeritus of Statistics at the University of Edinburgh.
Sir David H. Davies (1909 – 2 April 1998), known as Dai Davies, was a British trade unionist and Labour Party official.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
Sir David Paradine Frost (7 April 1939 – 31 August 2013) was an English television host, media personality, journalist, comedian, and writer.
Denis Winston Healey, Baron Healey, (30 August 1917 – 3 October 2015) was a British Labour Party politician who served as Secretary of State for Defence from 1964 to 1970, Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1974 to 1979 and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1980 to 1983.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
Disposable income is total personal income minus personal current taxes.
Doctor of Law or Doctor of Laws is a degree in law.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
Douglas Patrick Thomas Jay, Baron Jay, PC (23 March 1907 – 6 March 1996) was a British Labour Party politician.
Downing Street is a street in London, United Kingdom, known for housing the official residences and offices of the Prime Minister and the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Duncan Tanner (19 February 1958 – 11 February 2010) was a political historian and academic.
Earl of Home is a title in the Peerage of Scotland.
The phrase East of Suez is used in British military and political discussions in reference to interests beyond the European theatre, and east of the Suez Canal—most notably its military base in Singapore—and may or may not include the Middle East.
Economic history is the study of economies or economic phenomena of the past.
Economic planning is a mechanism for the allocation of resources between and within organizations which is held in contrast to the market mechanism.
The Economic Secretary to the Treasury is the fifth-most senior ministerial post in the UK Treasury, after the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, the paymaster-general and the financial secretary.
Edward Vincent "Ed" Sullivan (September 28, 1901 – October 13, 1974) was an American television personality, sports and entertainment reporter, and syndicated columnist for the New York Daily News and the Chicago Tribune New York News Syndicate.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Sir Edward Richard George Heath (9 July 1916 – 17 July 2005), often known as Ted Heath, was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975.
Edward Watson Short, Baron Glenamara, (17 December 1912 – 4 May 2012) was a British Labour politician.
The eleven-plus (11-plus) is an examination administered to some students in England and Northern Ireland in their last year of primary education, which governs admission to grammar schools and other secondary schools which use academic selection.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Ely Hospital was a large psychiatric institution near Cardiff, Wales which closed in 1996.
Microsoft Encarta was a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation from 1993 to 2009.
The Equal Pay Act 1970 is an Act of the United Kingdom Parliament which prohibits any less favourable treatment between men and women in terms of pay and conditions of employment.
Sir Eric Merton Miller (1926 – 22 September 1977) was an English businessman, who committed suicide while under investigation for fraud.
John Eric Bartholomew, (14 May 1926 – 28 May 1984), known by his stage name Eric Morecambe, was an English comedian who together with Ernie Wise formed the award-winning double act Morecambe and Wise.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) is a fund allocated by the European Union.
Evan Frank Mottram Durbin (1 March 1906 – 3 September 1948) was a British economist and Labour Party politician, whose writings combined a belief in central economic planning with a conviction that the price mechanism of markets was indispensable.
An exhibition is a type of scholarship award or bursary.
The Fabian Society is a British socialist organization whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow.
The First Lord of the Treasury is the head of the commission exercising the ancient office of Lord High Treasurer in the United Kingdom, and is now always also the Prime Minister.
"Flowers in the Rain" is a song by English rock band The Move.
Friday Night, Saturday Morning was a television chat show with a revolving guest host.
George Douglas Howard Cole (25 September 1889 – 14 January 1959) was an English political theorist, economist, writer and historian.
Gannex is a waterproof fabric composed of an outer layer of nylon and an inner layer of wool with air between them and was invented in 1951 by Joseph Kagan, a British industrialist and the founder of Kagan Textiles, of Elland, which made raincoats.
Garret Desmond FitzGerald (9 February 192619 May 2011) was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Taoiseach from 1981 to 1982 and 1982 to 1987, Leader of Fine Gael from 1977 to 1987, Leader of the Opposition from 1977 to 1981 and March 1982 to December 1982 and Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1973 to 1977.
General Medical Services (GMS) is the term used to describe the range of healthcare that is provided by General Practitioners (GPs or family doctors) as part of the National Health Service in the United Kingdom.
George Alfred Barnard (23 September 1915 – 9 August 2002) was a British statistician known particularly for his work on the foundations of statistics and on quality control.
George Alfred Brown, Baron George-Brown, (2 September 1914 – 2 June 1985) was a British Labour politician who served as Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1960 to 1970 and also in several Cabinet posts, including Foreign Secretary during the Labour government of the 1960s.
George Harrison (25 February 1943 – 29 November 2001) was an English guitarist, singer-songwriter, and producer who achieved international fame as the lead guitarist of the Beatles.
George Tomlinson (21 March 1890 – 22 September 1952) was a British Labour Party politician.
Gilbert and Sullivan refers to the Victorian-era theatrical partnership of the dramatist W. S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and the composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900) and to the works they jointly created.
Giles Alington (29 May 1914 – 24 February 1956) was a Fellow of University College, Oxford, from 1944 to 1956.
Gnomes of Zürich is a slang term for Swiss bankers.
Golda Meir (גּוֹלְדָּה מֵאִיר;, born Golda Mabovitch, May 3, 1898 – December 8, 1978) was an Israeli teacher, kibbutznik, stateswoman, politician and the fourth Prime Minister of Israel.
A government budget is an annual financial statement presenting the government's proposed revenues and spending for a financial year that is often passed by the legislature, approved by the chief executive or president and presented by the Finance Minister to the nation.
The Executive Committee or the Executive Committee of the Privy Council of Northern Ireland was the government of Northern Ireland created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920.
A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries, originally a school teaching Latin, but more recently an academically-oriented secondary school, differentiated in recent years from less academic Secondary Modern Schools.
The grammar schools debate is a debate about the merits and demerits of the existence of grammar schools in the United Kingdom.
Greater Glasgow is an urban settlement in Scotland consisting of all localities which are physically attached to the city of Glasgow, forming with it a single contiguous urban area (or conurbation).
Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
Sir Harold Seddon (6 March 1881 – 25 February 1958) was an Australian politician who served as a member of the Legislative Council of Western Australia from 1922 to 1954.
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Hartley William Shawcross, Baron Shawcross, (4 February 1902 – 10 July 2003), known from 1945 to 1959 as Sir Hartley Shawcross, was a British barrister and politician and the lead British prosecutor at the Nuremberg War Crimes tribunal.
Haus Publishing is a London-based publishing company which was established in 2002.
Head boy and head girl are roles of prominent representative student responsibility.
Herbert Stanley Morrison, Baron Morrison of Lambeth, (3 January 1888 – 6 March 1965) was a British Labour politician who held a variety of senior positions in the Cabinet.
Hilary Adair Marquand, (24 December 1901 – 6 November 1972) was a British economist and Labour Party politician.
The British Labour Party grew out of the trade union movement of the late 19th century, and surpassed the Liberal Party as the main opposition to the Conservatives in the early 1920s.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, normally referred to as the Home Secretary, is a senior official as one of the Great Offices of State within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Home Office.
Homo erectus (meaning "upright man") is an extinct species of archaic humans that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
HP Sauce is a brown sauce originally produced by HP Foods in the United Kingdom, now produced by the H. J. Heinz Company in the Netherlands.
Huddersfield is a large market town in West Yorkshire, England.
Huddersfield railway station serves the town of Huddersfield in West Yorkshire, England.
Huddersfield Town Association Football Club is a professional football club in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England, which competes in the Premier League, the top tier of English football.
Edward Hugh John Neale Dalton, Baron Dalton, (16 August 1887 – 13 February 1962) was a British Labour Party economist and politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1945 to 1947. He shaped Labour Party foreign-policy in the 1930s, opposed pacifism, promoted rearmament against the German threat, and strongly opposed the appeasement policy of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in 1938. He served in Churchill's wartime coalition cabinet. As Chancellor, he pushed his cheap money policy too hard, and mishandled the sterling crisis of 1947. Dalton's political position was already in jeopardy in 1947, when, he, seemingly inadvertently, revealed a sentence of the budget to a reporter minutes before delivering his budget speech. Prime Minister Clement Attlee accepted his resignation, but he later returned to the cabinet in relatively minor positions. His biographer Ben Pimlott characterised Dalton as peevish, irascible, given to poor judgment and lacking administrative talent. He also recognised that Dalton was a genuine radical and an inspired politician; a man, to quote his old friend and critic John Freeman, "of feeling, humanity, and unshakeable loyalty to people which matched his talent.".
Hugh Todd Naylor Gaitskell (9 April 1906 – 18 January 1963) was a British politician and Leader of the Labour Party.
Sir Hugh Walter Kingwell Wontner (22 October 1908 – 25 November 1992) was an English hotelier and politician.
A hung parliament is a term used in legislatures under the Westminster system to describe a situation in which no particular political party or pre-existing coalition (also known as an alliance or bloc) has an absolute majority of legislators (commonly known as members or seats) in a parliament or other legislature.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
Huyton is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, in Merseyside, England.
Huyton was a former constituency for the House of Commons.
Ian Douglas Smith (8 April 1919 – 20 November 2007) was a politician, farmer and fighter pilot who served as Prime Minister of Rhodesia (or Southern Rhodesia; today Zimbabwe) from 1964 to 1979.
Ian Homer Walters (9 April 1930 – 6 August 2006) was an English sculptor.
In Place of Strife (Cmnd 3888) was a UK Government white paper written in 1969.
Incomes policies in economics are economy-wide wage and price controls, most commonly instituted as a response to inflation, and usually seeking to establish wages and prices below free market level.
Indicative planning is a form of economic planning implemented by a state in an effort to solve the problem of imperfect information in market and mixed economies in order to increase economic performance.
The Industrial Relations Act 1971 (c.72) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, since repealed.
The Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) is a privately funded non-profit conservative think tank based in Westminster, London, United Kingdom.
The Isles of Scilly (Syllan or Enesek Syllan) is an archipelago off the southwestern tip of Cornwall.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
ITV Anglia, previously known as Anglia Television or Anglia, is the ITV franchise holder for the East of England.
Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), often known as Jim Callaghan, served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980.
James Jesus Angleton (December 9, 1917 – May 11, 1987) was chief of CIA Counterintelligence from 1954 to 1975.
Janet Lee, Baroness Lee of Asheridge, PC (3 November 1904 – 16 November 1988), known as Jennie Lee, was a Scottish politician.
Jesus College (in full: Jesus College in the University of Oxford of Queen Elizabeth's Foundation) is one of the colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Joseph Thomas William Haines (born 29 January 1928) is a British journalist and former press secretary to Labour leader and Prime Minister Harold Wilson (1969–76).
John Horace Freeman, (19 February 1915 – 20 December 2014) was a British politician, diplomat and broadcaster.
Sir John Harvey-Jones MBE (16 April 1924 – 9 January 2008) was an English businessman.
Sir John Major (born 29 March 1943) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997.
John Smith (13 September 1938 – 12 May 1994) was a Scottish Labour Party politician who served as Leader of the Labour Party from July 1992 until his death from a heart attack in May 1994.
Joseph Kagan, Baron Kagan (6 June 1915 – 17 January 1995) was a Lithuanian-British industrialist and the founder of Kagan Textiles, of Elland, which made raincoats from the waterproof Gannex fabric he had invented.
Joseph Ellis Stone, Baron Stone (27 May 1903 – 17 June 1986), born Joseph Ellis Silverstone, was a British general practitioner, most notably to Harold Wilson.
Keith Sinjohn Joseph, Baron Joseph, (17 January 1918 – 10 December 1994), known as Sir Keith Joseph, 2nd Baronet, for most of his political life, was a British barrister and politician.
Kenneth Robert Livingstone (born 17 June 1945) is an English politician who served as the Leader of the Greater London Council (GLC) from 1981 until the council was abolished in 1986, and as Mayor of London from the creation of the office in 2000 until 2008.
Kenneth Owen Morgan, Baron Morgan, (born 16 May 1934) is a Welsh historian and author, known especially for his writings on modern British history and politics and on Welsh history.
The KGB, an initialism for Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (p), translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
Harold Wilson was appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by Queen Elizabeth II on 16 October 1964 and formed the first Wilson ministry, a Labour Party government, which held office with a thin majority between 1964 and 1966.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
The 1955 Labour Party leadership election was held following the resignation of Clement Attlee.
The 1960 Labour Party leadership election was held when, for the first time since 1935, the incumbent leader Hugh Gaitskell was challenged for re-election.
The 1963 Labour Party leadership election was held following the death of Hugh Gaitskell, party leader since 1955.
The 1976 Labour Party leadership election occurred when Harold Wilson resigned as Leader of the Labour Party and Prime Minister.
Lancaster University, also officially known as the University of Lancaster, is a public research university in the City of Lancaster, Lancashire, England.
The Leader of the Labour Party is the most senior political figure within the Labour Party in the United Kingdom.
The Leader of Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (more commonly known as the Leader of the Opposition) is the politician who leads the official opposition in the United Kingdom.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
In the United Kingdom, life peers are appointed members of the peerage whose titles cannot be inherited, in contrast to hereditary peers.
Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1969.
The President of the Royal Statistical Society is the head of the Royal Statistical Society (RSS), elected biennially by the Fellows of the Society.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Lord Mayor of London is the City of London's mayor and leader of the City of London Corporation.
In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Lords Temporal are secular members of the House of Lords.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
A maiden speech is the first speech given by a newly elected or appointed member of a legislature or parliament.
The Malayan Emergency (Darurat Malaya) was a guerrilla war fought in pre- and post-independence Federation of Malaya, from 1948 until 1960.
Mansfield College, Oxford is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Marcia Matilda Falkender, Baroness Falkender CBE (born 10 March 1932), formerly Marcia Williams (née Field), is a British Labour politician, being first the private secretary for, and then the political secretary and head of political office to, Harold Wilson.
Dame Margaret Isabel Cole, DBE (née Postgate; 6 May 1893 – 7 May 1980) was an English socialist politician and writer.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Martin Pugh is a historian and the author of more than a dozen books on 19th- and 20th- century British women's, political, and social history.
Gladys Mary Wilson, Baroness Wilson of Rievaulx (12 January 19166 June 2018) was an English poet and the wife of Harold Wilson, who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
The Matrimonial Proceedings and Property Act 1970 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom concerning court cases between married people.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
This is a list of members of the House of Lords, the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Security Service, also MI5 (Military Intelligence, Section 5), is the United Kingdom's domestic counter-intelligence and security agency and is part of its intelligence machinery alongside the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) and Defence Intelligence (DI).
Michael Mackintosh Foot (23 July 1913 – 3 March 2010) was a British Labour Party politician and man of letters.
Robert Michael Maitland Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham, (6 November 1906 – 13 March 1990) was a British Labour politician and Fabian Socialist who served twice as Foreign Secretary in the first cabinet of Harold Wilson.
Milton Keynes, locally abbreviated to MK, is a large townAlthough Milton Keynes was specified to be a city in scale and the term "city" is used locally (inter alia to avoid confusion with its constituent towns), formally this title cannot be used.
In the Government of the United Kingdom, the Minister for the Civil Service is responsible for regulations regarding Her Majesty's Civil Service, the role of which is to assist the governments of the United Kingdom in formulating and implementing policies.
The Minister of Technology was a position in the government of the United Kingdom, sometimes abbreviated as "MinTech".
The Ministry of Power was a United Kingdom government ministry dealing with issues concerning energy.
The Ministry of Works was a department of the UK Government formed in 1943, during World War II, to organise the requisitioning of property for wartime use.
Eric Morecambe (John Eric Bartholomew, 14 May 1926 – 28 May 1984) and Ernie Wise (Ernest Wiseman, 27 November 1925 – 21 March 1999), known as Morecambe and Wise (also Eric and Ernie), were an iconic English comic double act, working in variety, radio, film and most successfully in television.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
National Assistance was the main means-tested benefit in the United Kingdom from 1948 to 1966.
The National Economic Development Council (NEDC) was a corporatist economic planning forum set up in 1962 in the United Kingdom to bring together management, trades unions and government in an attempt to address Britain's relative economic decline.
The National Executive Committee (NEC) is the governing body of the UK Labour Party, setting the overall strategic direction of the party and policy development.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
The National Union of Seamen (NUS) was the principal trade union of merchant seafarers in the United Kingdom from the late 1880s to 1990.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
Neil Gordon Kinnock, Baron Kinnock, (born 28 March 1942) is a Welsh Labour Party politician.
New College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Nicholas Kaldor, Baron Kaldor (12 May 1908 – 30 September 1986), born Káldor Miklós, was a Cambridge economist in the post-war period.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Nurseries and Child-Minders Regulation Act 1948 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet (usually known simply as the Shadow Cabinet) is, in British parliamentary practice, senior members of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition who scrutinise their corresponding Government ministers, develop alternative policies, and hold the Government to account for its actions and responses.
The Open University (OU) is a public distance learning and research university, and one of the biggest universities in the UK for undergraduate education.
Operation Banner was the operational name for the British Armed Forces' operation in Northern Ireland from August 1969 to July 2007, as part of the Troubles.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.
The Order of the Garter (formally the Most Noble Order of the Garter) is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry (though in precedence inferior to the military Victoria Cross and George Cross) in England and the United Kingdom.
Ormskirk was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
A parliamentary secretary is a member of a Parliament in the Westminster system who assists a more senior minister with his or her duties.
Pat Thane is a professor of Contemporary History at King's College London as well as a general historian.
Patrick Chrestien Gordon Walker, Baron Gordon-Walker, (7 April 1907 – 2 December 1980) was a British Labour Party politician.
A peerage is a legal system historically comprising hereditary titles in various countries, comprising various noble ranks.
Peter Maurice Wright (9 August 191627 April 1995) was the principal scientific officer for MI5, the British counter-intelligence agency.
Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) is an interdisciplinary undergraduate/post-graduate degree which combines study from three disciplines.
The Piltdown Man was a paleoanthropological hoax in which bone fragments were presented as the fossilised remains of a previously unknown early human.
Pipe Smoker of the Year was an award given out annually by the British Pipesmokers' Council, to honour a famous pipe-smoking individual.
A planned community, or planned city, is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped greenfield land.
A praelector is a traditional role at the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford.
The Premier of the Soviet Union (Глава Правительства СССР) was the head of government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
In the English NHS charges are made for prescription drugs, and the majority of adults (though not a majority of patients) are required to pay them.
The President of the Board of Trade is head of the Board of Trade.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Prime Minister parodies are a long-running feature of the British satirical magazine Private Eye, which have been included in the majority of issues since the magazine's inception.
Private Eye is a British fortnightly satirical and current affairs news magazine, founded in 1961.
The Profumo affair was a British political scandal that originated with a brief sexual relationship in 1961 between John Profumo, the Secretary of State for War in Harold Macmillan's Conservative government, and Christine Keeler, a 19-year-old would-be model.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA or Provisional IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate the reunification of Ireland and bring about an independent socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.
The Committee of Public Accounts is a select committee of the British House of Commons.
Public finance is the study of the role of the government in the economy.
The Public Records Act 1967 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed during Harold Wilson's Labour government.
The Race Relations Act 1968 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom making it illegal to refuse housing, employment, or public services to a person on the grounds of colour, race, ethnic or national origins.
Many countries offer subsidies to their railways because of the social and economic benefits that it brings.
The Referendum Act 1975 (c. 33) also known simply as the Referendum Act was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which made legal provision for the holding of a non-binding referendum on whether the United Kingdom should remain a member of the European Communities (EC)—generally known at the time in the UK, with reference to their main component, the European Economic Community (EEC) as stipulated in the Act, also known at the time as the "Common Market".
Reginald Edward Manningham-Buller, 1st Viscount Dilhorne, (1 August 1905 – 7 September 1980), known as Sir Reginald Manningham-Buller, Bt, from 1954 to 1962 and as The Lord Dilhorne from 1962 to 1964, was an English lawyer and Conservative politician.
In accounting, revenue is the income that a business has from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers.
Revolver is the seventh album by the English rock band the Beatles.
The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) was a statement adopted by the Cabinet of Rhodesia on 11 November 1965, announcing that Rhodesia, a British territory in southern Africa that had governed itself since 1923, now regarded itself as an independent sovereign state.
Richard Howard Stafford Crossman (15 December 1907 – 5 April 1974), sometimes known as Dick Crossman, was a British Labour Party Member of Parliament, as well as a key figure among the party's Zionists and anti-communists.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
Rievaulx Abbey was a Cistercian abbey in Rievaulx, situated near Helmsley in the North York Moors National Park, North Yorkshire, England.
The Robbins Report (the report of the Committee on Higher Education, chaired by Lord Robbins) was commissioned by the British government and published in 1963.
Robin James Wilson (born 5 December 1943) is an emeritus professor in the Department of Mathematics at the Open University, having previously been Head of the Pure Mathematics Department and Dean of the Faculty.
Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, (11 November 1920 – 5 January 2003) was a British Labour Party, SDP and Liberal Democrat politician, and biographer of British political leaders.
Roy Wood (born 8 November 1947) is an English singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist.
The Royal Mint is a government-owned mint that produces coins for the United Kingdom.
The Royal Statistical Society (RSS) is one of the world's most distinguished and renowned statistical societies.
Royds Hall Community School is a mixed all-through school for pupils aged 4 – 16.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Secretary for Overseas Trade was a junior Ministerial position in the United Kingdom government from 1917 until 1953, subordinate to the President of the Board of Trade.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Defence (Defence Secretary) is an official within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Ministry of Defence.
The Secretary of State for Economic Affairs was briefly an office of Her Majesty's government in the United Kingdom.
Sectarianism is a form of bigotry, discrimination, or hatred arising from attaching relations of inferiority and superiority to differences between subdivisions within a group.
Selective Employment Tax (SET) was a weekly payroll tax in the United Kingdom.
Selsdon is an area located in South London, England in the London Borough of Croydon.
The Selsdon Group is a British free-market economics pressure group, closely associated with the Conservative Party.
Sexual Offences Act (with its variations) is a stock short title used for legislation in the United Kingdom and former British colonies and territories such as Antigua and Barbuda, Crown dependencies, Kenya, Lesotho, Republic of Ireland,Sierra Leone, South Africa and Trinidad and Tobago relating to sexual offences (including both substantive and procedural provisions).
The Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer in the British Parliamentary system is the member of the Shadow Cabinet who is responsible for shadowing the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
In British politics, the shadow foreign secretary is a position within the opposition's shadow cabinet that deals mainly with issues surrounding the Foreign Office.
Shipbuilding is the construction of ships and other floating vessels.
Sir Ronald Hibbert Cross, 1st Baronet, (9 May 1896 – 3 June 1968) was a British politician and diplomat.
Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
The Socialist International (SI) is a worldwide association of political parties, which seek to establish democratic socialism.
South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and Mid Wales and West Wales to the north and west.
The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was an international organization for collective defense in Southeast Asia created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, or Manila Pact, signed in September 1954 in Manila, Philippines.
The Colony of Southern Rhodesia was a self-governing British Crown colony in southern Africa from 1923 to 1980, the predecessor state of modern Zimbabwe.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Speak for Britain! A New History of the Labour Party is a 2010 book by British author Martin Pugh.
The Special Relationship is an unofficial term for the political, diplomatic, cultural, economic, military, and historical relations between the United Kingdom and the United States.
Spital is a suburban area of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in Merseyside, England.
Spycatcher: The Candid Autobiography of a Senior Intelligence Officer (1987) is a book written by Peter Wright, former MI5 officer and Assistant Director, and co-author Paul Greengrass.
St Mary's Old Church, St Mary's is a parish church in the Church of England located in Old Town on St Mary's, Isles of Scilly, Cornwall, United Kingdom.
St Mary's (Ennor the mainland) is the largest and most populous island of the Isles of Scilly, an archipelago off the southwest coast of Cornwall in England.
Sir Richard Stafford Cripps, (24 April 1889 – 21 April 1952) was a British Labour politician of the first half of the twentieth century.
State ownership (also called public ownership and government ownership) is the ownership of an industry, asset, or enterprise by the state or a public body representing a community as opposed to an individual or private party.
William Stephen Richard King-Hall, Baron King-Hall (21 January 1893 – 2 June 1966) was a British naval officer, writer, politician and playwright.
Supplementary Benefit was a means-tested benefit in the United Kingdom, paid to people on low incomes, whether or not they were classed as unemployed, such as pensioners, the sick and single parents.
Swansea (Abertawe), is a coastal city and county, officially known as the City and County of Swansea (Dinas a Sir Abertawe) in Wales, UK.
Swinging Sixties was a youth-driven cultural revolution that took place in the UK during the mid-to-late 1960s, emphasising modernity and fun-loving hedonism, with Swinging London as its epicentre.
A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
"Taxman" is a song written by George Harrison and released as the opening track on the Beatles' 1966 album Revolver.
A teach-in is similar to a general educational forum on any complicated issue, usually an issue involving current political affairs.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Move were a British rock band of the late 1960s and the early 1970s.
The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, India, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius, and occasionally elsewhere.
The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century.
The "thirty-year rule" is the informal name given to laws in the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, and Australia that provide that certain government documents will be released publicly thirty years after they were created.
Tamás (Thomas) Balogh, Baron Balogh (2 November 1905 – 20 January 1985) was a British economist and member of the House of Lords.
The Three-Day Week was one of several measures introduced in the United Kingdom by the Conservative Government to conserve electricity, the generation of which was severely restricted owing to industrial action by coal miners.
Tividale is an area of Sandwell, West Midlands.
Sir Anthony Barnes "Tony" Atkinson (4 September 1944 – 1 January 2017) was a British economist, senior research fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford, and Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics.
Anthony Neil Wedgwood Benn (3 April 1925 – 14 March 2014), originally known as Anthony Wedgwood Benn, but later as Tony Benn, was a British politician, writer, and diarist.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
Anthony Michael "Tony" Secunda (24 August 1940 - 12 February 1995) - accessed 27 March 2012 was an English manager of rock groups in the 1960s and 1970s, including The Moody Blues, Procol Harum, The Move, and T. Rex, Motörhead, Steeleye Span, Marianne Faithfull and the Pretenders.
The Trades Union Congress (TUC) is a national trade union centre, a federation of trade unions in England and Wales, representing the majority of trade unions.
The Transport Act 1968 (1968 c.73) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Corporation of Trinity House of Deptford Strond, known as Trinity House (formally The Master Wardens and Assistants of the Guild Fraternity or Brotherhood of the most glorious and undivided Trinity and of St. Clement in the Parish of Deptford Strond in the County of Kent), is a private corporation governed under a Royal Charter (rather than a non-departmental public body).
Tsarist autocracy (царское самодержавие, transcr. tsarskoye samoderzhaviye) is a form of autocracy (later absolute monarchy) specific to the Grand Duchy of Moscow, which later became Tsardom of Russia and the Russian Empire.
Ulster loyalism is a political ideology found primarily among working class Ulster Protestants in Northern Ireland, whose status as a part of the United Kingdom has remained controversial.
The Ulster Workers' Council (UWC) strike was a general strike that took place in Northern Ireland between 15 May and 28 May 1974, during "the Troubles".
Unionism in Ireland is a political ideology that favours the continuation of some form of political union between the islands of Ireland and Great Britain.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, also known as the Referendum on the European Community (Common Market), the Common Market referendum and EEC membership referendum took place on 5 June 1975 in the United Kingdom to gauge support for the country's continued membership of the European Communities (EC)—often known at the time as the "European Community” and the "Common Market" which it had entered on 1 January 1973 under the Conservative government of Edward Heath under the provisions of the Referendum Act 1975.
The 1945 United Kingdom general election was held on 5 July 1945, with polls in some constituencies delayed until 12 July and in Nelson and Colne until 19 July, because of local wakes weeks.
The 1950 United Kingdom general election was the first ever general election to be held after a full term of Labour government.
The 1951 United Kingdom general election was held twenty months after the 1950 general election, which the Labour Party had won with a slim majority of just five seats.
The 1955 United Kingdom general election was held on 26 May 1955, four years after the previous general election.
The 1959 United Kingdom general election was held on 8 October 1959.
The 1964 United Kingdom general election was held on 15 October 1964, five years after the previous election, and thirteen years after the Conservative Party, first led by Winston Churchill, had entered power.
The 1966 United Kingdom general election on 31 March 1966 was won by incumbent Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson and was regarded as an easy victory.
The 1970 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 18 June 1970.
The 1979 United Kingdom general election was held on 3 May 1979 to elect 635 members to the British House of Commons.
The 1983 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 9 June 1983.
The February 1974 United Kingdom general election was held on the 28th day of that month.
The October 1974 United Kingdom general election took place on Thursday 10 October 1974 to elect 635 members of the British House of Commons.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
University College (in full The Master and Fellows of the College of the Great Hall of the University of Oxford,Darwall-Smith, Robin, A History of University College, Oxford. Oxford University Press, 2008.. colloquially referred to as "Univ"), is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
The University of Bradford is a public, plate glass university located in the city of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.
The University of Essex is a public research university in Essex, England.
The University of Huddersfield (informally Huddersfield University) is a public university located in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England.
The University of Liverpool is a public university based in the city of Liverpool, England.
The University of Nottingham is a public research university in Nottingham, United Kingdom.
The University of Sussex is a public research university in Falmer, Sussex, England.
Vasili Nikitich Mitrokhin (Васи́лий Ники́тич Митро́хин; March 3, 1922 – January 23, 2004) was a major and senior archivist for the Soviet Union's foreign intelligence service, the First Chief Directorate of the KGB, who defected to the United Kingdom in 1992 after providing the British embassy in Riga with a vast collection of KGB files, which became known as the Mitrokhin Archive.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
A village green is a common open area within a village or other settlement.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
War on Want is an anti-poverty charity based in London.
Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd (established 1948), often shortened to W&N or Weidenfeld, is a British publisher of fiction and reference books.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
The Welsh Language Act 1967, is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which gave some rights to use the Welsh language in legal proceedings in Wales (including Monmouthshire) and gave the relevant Minister the right to authorise the production of a Welsh version of any documents required or allowed by the Act.
The West Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
William Henry Beveridge, 1st Baron Beveridge, (5 March 1879 – 16 March 1963) was a British economist who was a noted progressive and social reformer.
Willy Brandt (born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm; 18 December 1913 – 8 October 1992) was a German statesman who was leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) from 1964 to 1987 and served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from 1969 to 1974.
The Wilson Doctrine is a convention in the United Kingdom that restricts the police and intelligence services from tapping the telephones of members of the House of Commons and House of Lords.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The Winter of Discontent was the winter of 1978–79 in the United Kingdom, during which there were widespread strikes by public sector trade unions demanding larger pay rises, following the ongoing pay caps of the Labour Party government led by James Callaghan against Trades Union Congress opposition to control inflation, during the coldest winter for 16 years.
Wirral Grammar School for Boys was founded in 1931 as a maintained selective grammar school for boys aged 11–18.
Wirral, also known as The Wirral, is a peninsula in northwest England.
The Yorkshire dialect (also Broad Yorkshire, Tyke, Yorkie, or Yorkshire English) is an English dialect of Northern England spoken in England's historic county of Yorkshire.
10 Downing Street, colloquially known in the United Kingdom as Number 10, is the headquarters of the Government of the United Kingdom and the official residence and office of the First Lord of the Treasury, a post which, for much of the 18th and 19th centuries and invariably since 1905, has been held by the Prime Minister.
The Geneva Conference was a conference among several nations that took place in Geneva, Switzerland from April 26 – July 20, 1954.
The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo.
The 1976 Prime Minister's Resignation Honours were announced on 27 May 1976 to mark the resignation of the Prime Minister, Harold Wilson.
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