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Harry Crerar

Index Harry Crerar

General Henry Duncan Graham "Harry" Crerar (April 28, 1888 – April 1, 1965) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army, and became the country's "leading field commander" in the Second World War, where he commanded the First Canadian Army. [1]

84 relations: Aide-de-camp general, Andrew McNaughton, Artillery, Battle of the Scheldt, Beechwood Cemetery, Bernard Montgomery, Brian Horrocks, Brigadier, Canadian Army, Canadian Forces Decoration, Canadian Red Ensign, Clearing the Channel Coast, Commandant, Commander of the Canadian Army, Czechoslovakia, Distinguished Service Order, Dysentery, E. L. M. Burns, End of World War II in Europe, England, Europe, Falaise Pocket, First Canadian Army, General (Canada), General (United Kingdom), General officer commanding, Golden Horseshoe, Guy Simonds, Hamilton, Ontario, House of Commons of Canada, I Canadian Corps, I Corps (United Kingdom), II Canadian Corps, Italian Campaign (World War II), Italy, Jack Granatstein, Japan, John Crocker, John Hamilton Roberts, Kenneth Stuart, Kingston, Ontario, Lieutenant colonel, Lieutenant-general (Canada), Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway, Major general, Marion Stinson Crerar, Netherlands, Officer (armed forces), Ontario, ..., Ontario Hydro, Operation Goldflake, Operation Overlord, Operation Totalize, Operation Tractable, Operation Veritable, Order of Saint John (chartered 1888), Order of the Bath, Order of the Companions of Honour, Ottawa, Queen's Privy Council for Canada, Royal College of Defence Studies, Royal Military College of Canada, Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, SS Île de France, Staff College, Camberley, Stone Church Road (Hamilton, Ontario), The Honourable, Thomas Victor Anderson, Time (magazine), University of Toronto Press, Upper Canada College, Upper Wellington Street (Hamilton, Ontario), Upper Wentworth Street (Hamilton, Ontario), Victor Odlum, West Nipissing, Western Allied invasion of Germany, World War I, World War II, XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 1st Armoured Division (Poland), 21st Army Group, 2nd Canadian Division, 2nd Canadian Division during World War II. Expand index (34 more) »

Aide-de-camp general

Aide-de-camp general is a senior honorary appointment for general officers in the British Army.

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Andrew McNaughton

General Andrew George Latta McNaughton (25 February 1887 – 11 July 1966) was a Canadian electrical engineer, scientist, army officer, cabinet minister, diplomat and President of the UN Security Council.

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Artillery

Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.

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Battle of the Scheldt

The Battle of the Scheldt in World War II was a series of military operations by Canadian, British and Polish formations to open up the shipping route to Antwerp so that its port could be used to supply the Allies in north-west Europe.

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Beechwood Cemetery

Beechwood Cemetery, located in Ottawa, Ontario, is the National Cemetery of Canada.

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Bernard Montgomery

Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.

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Brian Horrocks

Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War.

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Brigadier

Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country.

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Canadian Army

The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.

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Canadian Forces Decoration

The Canadian Forces Decoration (post-nominal letters "CD") is a Canadian award bestowed upon members of the Canadian Armed Forces who have completed twelve years of military service, with certain conditions.

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Canadian Red Ensign

The Canadian Red Ensign was the flag of Canada until 1965, when it was replaced by the current Maple Leaf flag.

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Clearing the Channel Coast

Clearing the Channel Coast was a World War II task undertaken by the First Canadian Army in August 1944, following the Allied Operation Overlord and the victory, break-out and pursuit from Normandy.

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Commandant

Commandant is a title often given to the officer in charge of a military (or other uniformed service) training establishment or academy.

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Commander of the Canadian Army

The Commander of the Canadian Army (French: commandant de l'Armée canadienne) is the institutional head of the Canadian Army.

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Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.

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Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.

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Dysentery

Dysentery is an inflammatory disease of the intestine, especially of the colon, which always results in severe diarrhea and abdominal pains.

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E. L. M. Burns

Lieutenant-General Eedson Louis Millard "Tommy" Burns, (June 17, 1897 – September 13, 1985) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army and diplomat.

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End of World War II in Europe

The final battles of the European Theatre of World War II as well as the German surrender to the Allies took place in late April and early May 1945.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Europe

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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Falaise Pocket

The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.

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First Canadian Army

The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.

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General (Canada)

The military rank of general in Canada is typically held by only one officer whose position is Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) and the senior uniformed officer of the Canadian Forces.

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General (United Kingdom)

General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.

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General officer commanding

The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.

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Golden Horseshoe

The Golden Horseshoe is a secondary region of Southern Ontario, Canada which lies at the western end of Lake Ontario, with outer boundaries stretching south from Lake Erie and north to Lake Scugog.

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Guy Simonds

Lieutenant-General Guy Granville Simonds (April 23, 1903 – May 15, 1974) was a senior Canadian Army officer who served with distinction during World War II, where he commanded the 1st Canadian Infantry Division and II Canadian Corps.

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Hamilton, Ontario

Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario.

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House of Commons of Canada

The House of Commons of Canada (Chambre des communes du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate.

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I Canadian Corps

I Canadian Corps was one of the two corps fielded by the Canadian Army during the Second World War.

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I Corps (United Kingdom)

I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.

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II Canadian Corps

II Canadian Corps was a corps-level formation that, along with I (British) Corps (August 1, 1944 to April 1, 1945) and I Canadian Corps (April 6, 1943 to November 1943, and April 1, 1945 until the end of hostilities), comprised the First Canadian Army in Northwest Europe during World War II.

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Italian Campaign (World War II)

The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Jack Granatstein

Jack Lawrence Granatstein, (born May 21, 1939) is a Canadian historian who specializes in political and military history.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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John Crocker

General Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, (4 January 1896 – 9 March 1963) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both world wars.

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John Hamilton Roberts

John Hamilton "Ham" Roberts CB, DSO, MC (December 21, 1891 – 1962) was a Canadian artillery officer and major general.

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Kenneth Stuart

Lieutenant General Kenneth Stuart CB, DSO, MC (September 9, 1891 – November 3, 1945) was a Canadian soldier and Chief of the General Staff, the head of the Canadian Army from 24 December 1941 until 27 December 1943.

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Kingston, Ontario

Kingston is a city in eastern Ontario, Canada.

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Lieutenant colonel

Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.

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Lieutenant-general (Canada)

In the Canadian Forces, the rank of lieutenant-general (LGen) (lieutenant-général or Lgén in French) is an Army or Air Force rank equal to a vice-admiral of the Navy.

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Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

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Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway

The Lincoln Alexander Parkway, nicknamed The Linc, is a municipal expressway in the Canadian city of Hamilton, Ontario, which connects Highway 403 with the Red Hill Valley Parkway, which continues north to the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW).

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Major general

Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.

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Marion Stinson Crerar

Marion Elizabeth Stinson Crerar (September 8, 1859 — May 20, 1919) was a Canadian clubwoman focused on public health, and especially active during World War I.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Officer (armed forces)

An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.

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Ontario

Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.

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Ontario Hydro

Ontario Hydro, established in 1906 as the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, was a publicly owned electricity utility in the Province of Ontario.

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Operation Goldflake

Operation Goldflake was the administrative move of I Canadian Corps (in essence, all Canadian combatant units) and the British 5th Infantry Division from Italy to Northwestern Europe during the Second World War.

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Operation Overlord

Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.

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Operation Totalize

Operation Totalize (also spelled Operation Totalise in recent British sources) was an offensive launched by Allied troops in the First Canadian Army during the later stages of Operation Overlord, from 8 to 9 August 1944.

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Operation Tractable

Operation Tractable was the final offensive conducted by Canadian and Polish troops, supported by one brigade of British tanks, as part of the Battle of Normandy during World War II.

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Operation Veritable

Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.

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Order of Saint John (chartered 1888)

The Order of St John, formally the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (l'ordre très vénérable de l'Hôpital de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem) and also known as St John International, is a British royal order of chivalry first constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria.

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Order of the Bath

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.

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Order of the Companions of Honour

The Order of the Companions of Honour is an order of the Commonwealth realms.

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Ottawa

Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.

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Queen's Privy Council for Canada

The Queen's Privy Council for Canada (QPC) (Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada (CPR)), sometimes called Her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada or simply the Privy Council, is the full group of personal consultants to the monarch of Canada on state and constitutional affairs.

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Royal College of Defence Studies

The Royal College of Defence Studies (RCDS) instructs senior officers of the Armed Forces and Civil Service in defence and international security matters at the highest level, to prepare them for the top posts.

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Royal Military College of Canada

The Royal Military College of Canada (Collège militaire royal du Canada), commonly abbreviated as RMCC or RMC, is the military college of the Canadian Armed Forces, and is a degree-granting university training military officers.

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Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery

The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery (Le Régiment royal de l'Artillerie canadienne) is the artillery personnel branch of the Canadian Army.

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SS Île de France

The SS Île de France was a French ocean liner built in Saint-Nazaire, France for Compagnie Générale Transatlantique.

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Staff College, Camberley

Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, was a staff college for the British Army and the presidency armies of British India (later merged to form the Indian Army).

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Stone Church Road (Hamilton, Ontario)

Stone Church Road, is a two-way Upper City (mountain) east-west arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

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The Honourable

The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable (abbreviated to The Hon., Hon. or formerly The Hon'ble—the latter term is still used in South Asia) is a style that is used before the names of certain classes of people.

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Thomas Victor Anderson

Major-General Thomas Victor Anderson DSO, CD (July 4, 1881 – 1972) was a Canadian soldier and Chief of the General Staff, the head of the Canadian Army from 21 November 1938 until 6 July 1940.

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Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.

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University of Toronto Press

The University of Toronto Press is a Canadian scholarly publisher and book distributor founded in 1901.

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Upper Canada College

Upper Canada College (UCC), located in Toronto, Ontario, is a private school for boys between Senior Kindergarten and Grade Twelve, operating under the International Baccalaureate program.

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Upper Wellington Street (Hamilton, Ontario)

Upper Wellington Street is an Upper City (mountain) arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

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Upper Wentworth Street (Hamilton, Ontario)

Upper Wentworth Street is an Upper City road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

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Victor Odlum

Victor Wentworth Odlum, CB, CMG, DSO (21 October 1880 – 4 April 1971) was a Canadian journalist, soldier, and diplomat.

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West Nipissing

West Nipissing is a municipality in Northeastern Ontario, Canada, on Lake Nipissing in the Nipissing District.

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Western Allied invasion of Germany

The Western Allied invasion of Germany was coordinated by the Western Allies during the final months of hostilities in the European theatre of World War II.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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XXX Corps (United Kingdom)

XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.

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1st Armoured Division (Poland)

The Polish 1st Armoured Division (Polish 1 Dywizja Pancerna) was an armoured division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.

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21st Army Group

The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.

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2nd Canadian Division

The 2nd Canadian Division (2 Cdn Div) is responsible for generating and maintaining an operationally ready, multi-purpose land force for the Canadian Army in the province of Quebec, Canada, in order to meet Canada's defence objectives, domestically and overseas.

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2nd Canadian Division during World War II

The 2nd Canadian Division, an infantry division of the Canadian Army, was mobilized for war service on 1September 1939 at the outset of World War II.

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Redirects here:

Crerar, Henry Duncan Graham, H. D. G. Crerar, H.D.G. Crerar, Henry Crerar, Henry Duncan Graham Crerar.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Crerar

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