99 relations: Al-Yamamah arms deal, Ashkenazi Jews, Assizes, Attributed arms, BAE Systems, Bank of England, Barrister, Barry George, BBC, BBC News, BBC Radio 4, Birthday Honours, Blackstone Chambers, Brian Hutton, Baron Hutton, Bribery Act 2010, Canting arms, Centre for Effective Dispute Resolution, Chief Executive of Hong Kong, Civil Procedure Rules, Collective bargaining, Constitution Committee, Constitutional Reform Act 2005, Coronet, Court of Appeal judge (England and Wales), Court of Final Appeal (Hong Kong), Courts of England and Wales, Crossbencher, David, Desmond Ackner, Baron Ackner, Devilling, Doha, Edinburgh, England, English law, English trust law, European Court of Human Rights, Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, Fellow of the British Academy, Fettes College, Fitzpatrick v British Railways Board, GCE Advanced Level (United Kingdom), Gillick competence, Glasgow, Gold Bauhinia Star, Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons, Her Majesty's Prison Service, High Court of Justice, History of the Jews in Poland, History of the Jews in Russia, HM Prison Manchester, ..., Hong Kong, House of Lords, Housemaster, Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, Igor Judge, Baron Judge, Inland Revenue, Inner Temple, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, Jill Dando, Judaism, Judicial functions of the House of Lords, Latin, Legal profession, Life peer, London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, Lord Chancellor, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, Master of the Rolls, Minor (law), Murder of James Bulger, National Liberal Club, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nick Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers, Open University of Israel, Order of the Companions of Honour, Prison Advice and Care Trust, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Qatar Financial Centre, Qatar Law Forum of Global Leaders in Law, Queen's Bench, Rehabilitation for Addicted Prisoners Trust, Scotland, Sephardi Jews, Sperm, Stephen Tumim, Stuttering, Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, The London Gazette, The Right Honourable, Tom Bingham, Baron Bingham of Cornhill, Tracing (law), UCL Faculty of Laws, United Kingdom labour law, University College London, University of Cambridge, Vaughan v Barlow Clowes International Ltd, William Blair (judge), 1990 Strangeways Prison riot. Expand index (49 more) » « Shrink index
Al Yamamah (translation) is the name of a series of record arms sales by the United Kingdom to Saudi Arabia, paid for by the delivery of up to of crude oil per day to the UK government.
Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium.
The courts of assize, or assizes, were periodic courts held around England and Wales until 1972, when together with the quarter sessions they were abolished by the Courts Act 1971 and replaced by a single permanent Crown Court.
Attributed arms are Western European coats of arms given retrospectively to persons real or fictitious who died before the start of the age of heraldry in the latter half of the 12th century.
BAE Systems plc is a British multinational defence, security, and aerospace company.
The Bank of England, formally the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, is the central bank of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the model on which most modern central banks have been based.
A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions.
Barry Michael George (born 15 April 1960, also known as Barry Bulsara) is a British man who was wrongly convicted on 2 July 2001 of the murder of British television presenter Jill Dando.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.
King's/Queen's Birthday Honours is, in some Commonwealth realms, the marking of the reigning monarch's official birthday by granting various individuals appointment into national or dynastic orders or the award of decorations and medals.
Blackstone Chambers is a leading set of barristers chambers in the Temple district of central London.
James Brian Edward Hutton, Baron Hutton, PC, QC (born 29 June 1931) is a former Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland and British Lord of Appeal in Ordinary.
The Bribery Act 2010 (c.23) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that covers the criminal law relating to bribery.
Canting arms are heraldic bearings that represent the bearer's name (or, less often, some attribute or function) in a visual pun or rebus.
Centre for Effective Dispute Resolution (CEDR) is a London-based mediation and alternative dispute resolution body.
The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is the representative of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and head of the Government of Hong Kong in China.
The Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) are the rules of civil procedure used by the Court of Appeal, High Court of Justice, and County Courts in civil cases in England and Wales.
Collective bargaining is a process of negotiation between employers and a group of employees aimed at agreements to regulate working salaries, working conditions, benefits, and other aspects of workers' compensation and rights for workers.
The Constitution Committee is a cross-party select committee of the House of Lords, the upper chamber of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4) is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
In English, a coronet is a small crown consisting of ornaments fixed on a metal ring.
A Lord Justice of Appeal or Lady Justice of Appeal is an ordinary judge of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, the court that hears appeals from the High Court of Justice and the Crown Court, and represents the second highest level of judge in the courts of England and Wales.
The Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal is the final appellate court of Hong Kong.
The Courts of England and Wales, supported administratively by Her Majesty's Courts and Tribunals Service, are the civil and criminal courts responsible for the administration of justice in England and Wales.
A crossbencher is an independent or minor party member of some legislatures, such as the British House of Lords and the Parliament of Australia.
David is described in the Hebrew Bible as the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
Desmond James Conrad Ackner, Baron Ackner, PC (18 September 1920 – 21 March 2006) was a British judge and Lord of Appeal in Ordinary.
Devilling is the period of training, pupillage or junior work undertaken by a person wishing to become an advocate in one of the legal systems of the United Kingdom or Ireland.
Doha (الدوحة, or ad-Dōḥa) is the capital and most populous city of the State of Qatar.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
English law is the common law legal system of England and Wales, comprising mainly criminal law and civil law, each branch having its own courts and procedures.
English trust law concerns the creation and protection of asset funds, which are usually held by one party for another's benefit.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR; Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supranational or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights.
Fellowship of the Academy of Medical Sciences (FMedSci) is an award for medical scientists who are recognised by the Academy of Medical Sciences for the "excellence of their science, their contribution to medicine and society and the range of their achievements".
Fellowship of the British Academy (FBA) is an award granted by the British Academy to leading academics for their distinction in the humanities and social sciences.
Fettes College is a private coeducational independent boarding and day school in Edinburgh, Scotland, with over two-thirds of its pupils in residence on campus.
Fitzpatrick v British Railways Board ICR 221 is a UK labour law case, concerning collective bargaining.
The General Certificate of Education (GCE) Advanced Level, or A Level, is a main school leaving qualification in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
Gillick competence is a term originating in England and is used in medical law to decide whether a child (under 16 years of age) is able to consent to his or her own medical treatment, without the need for parental permission or knowledge.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
The Gold Bauhinia Star (GBS) is the highest rank in Order of the Bauhinia Star in Hong Kong, created in 1997 to replace the British honours system of the Order of the British Empire after the transfer of sovereignty to People's Republic of China and the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR).
Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons is the head of HM Inspectorate of Prisons and the senior inspector of prisons, young offender institutions and immigration service detention and removal centres in England and Wales.
Her Majesty's Prison Service is a part of Her Majesty's Prison and Probation Service (formerly the National Offender Management Service), which is the part of Her Majesty's Government tasked with managing most of the prisons within England and Wales.
The High Court of Justice is, together with the Court of Appeal and the Crown Court, one of the Senior Courts of England and Wales.
The history of the Jews in Poland dates back over 1,000 years.
Jews in the Russian Empire have historically constituted a large religious diaspora; the vast territories of the Russian Empire at one time hosted the largest population of Jews in the world.
HM Prison Manchester (commonly known as Strangeways) is a high-security men's prison in Manchester, England, operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
In British education, a housemaster (or, less commonly, a housemistress) is a member of staff in charge of a boarding house, normally at a boarding school (e.g., especially at a British public school).
The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) is an executive non-departmental public body of the Department of Health in the United Kingdom.
Igor Judge, Baron Judge (born 19 May 1941) is a former English judge who served as the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, the head of the judiciary, from 2008 to 2013.
The Inland Revenue was, until April 2005, a department of the British Government responsible for the collection of direct taxation, including income tax, national insurance contributions, capital gains tax, inheritance tax, corporation tax, petroleum revenue tax and stamp duty.
The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, commonly known as Inner Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court (professional associations for barristers and judges) in London.
The Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (IALS) is a member institute of the School of Advanced Study, University of London.
Jill Wendy Dando (9 November 1961 – 26 April 1999) was an English journalist, television presenter, and newsreader who was 1997 BBC Personality of the Year.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
The House of Lords, in addition to having a legislative function, historically also had a judicial function.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Legal profession is a profession, and legal professionals study, develop and apply law.
In the United Kingdom, life peers are appointed members of the peerage whose titles cannot be inherited, in contrast to hereditary peers.
The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in southwest London, England, forms part of Outer London and is the only London borough on both sides of the River Thames.
The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking even the Prime Minister.
The Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales is the head of the judiciary and President of the Courts of England and Wales.
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, commonly known as Law Lords, were judges appointed under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 to the British House of Lords in order to exercise its judicial functions, which included acting as the highest court of appeal for most domestic matters.
The Keeper or Master of the Rolls and Records of the Chancery of England, known as the Master of the Rolls, is the second-most senior judge in England and Wales after the Lord Chief Justice, and serves as President of the Civil Division of the Court of Appeal and Head of Civil Justice.
In law, a minor is a person under a certain age, usually the age of majority, which legally demarcates childhood from adulthood.
James Patrick Bulger (16 March 1990 – 12 February 1993) was a boy from Kirkby, Merseyside, England, who was murdered on 12 February 1993, at the age of two.
The National Liberal Club, also known as NLC, is a London private members' club, open to both men and women.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
Nicholas Addison Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers (called Nick; born 21 January 1938) is a British lawyer and former senior English judge.
The Open University of Israel (האוניברסיטה הפתוחה, Ha-Universita ha-Ptuha) is a distance-education university in Israel.
The Order of the Companions of Honour is an order of the Commonwealth realms.
The Prison Advice and Care Trust (pact) is an independent UK charity that provides practical services for prisoners and prisoners' families.
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
The Qatar Financial Centre Authority (QFC Authority) is a business and financial centre located in Doha, providing legal and business infrastructure for financial services.
The Qatar Law Forum of Global Leaders in Law is a non-profit institution established under the patronage of the Government of Qatar with the purpose of bringing together prominent members of the global legal community, in addition to senior figures in the fields of economics, and politics.
The Queen's Bench (or, during the reign of a male monarch, the King's Bench, Cour du banc du Roi) is the superior court in a number of jurisdictions within some of the Commonwealth realms.
The Forward Trust is a British charity which helps people with drug and alcohol dependence move towards, achieve and maintain drug and crime-free lives.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּים, Modern Hebrew: Sefaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also Ye'hude Sepharad, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), originally from Sepharad, Spain or the Iberian peninsula, are a Jewish ethnic division.
Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word (σπέρμα) sperma (meaning "seed").
Sir Stephen Tumim (15 August 1930 – 8 December 2003) was an English judge, and was Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons from 1987 to 1995.
Stuttering, also known as stammering, is a speech disorder in which the flow of speech is disrupted by involuntary repetitions and prolongations of sounds, syllables, words or phrases as well as involuntary silent pauses or blocks in which the person who stutters is unable to produce sounds. The term stuttering is most commonly associated with involuntary sound repetition, but it also encompasses the abnormal hesitation or pausing before speech, referred to by people who stutter as blocks, and the prolongation of certain sounds, usually vowels or semivowels. According to Watkins et al., stuttering is a disorder of "selection, initiation, and execution of motor sequences necessary for fluent speech production." For many people who stutter, repetition is the primary problem. The term "stuttering" covers a wide range of severity, encompassing barely perceptible impediments that are largely cosmetic to severe symptoms that effectively prevent oral communication. In the world, approximately four times as many men as women stutter, encompassing 70 million people worldwide, or about 1% of the world's population. The impact of stuttering on a person's functioning and emotional state can be severe. This may include fears of having to enunciate specific vowels or consonants, fears of being caught stuttering in social situations, self-imposed isolation, anxiety, stress, shame, being a possible target of bullying having to use word substitution and rearrange words in a sentence to hide stuttering, or a feeling of "loss of control" during speech. Stuttering is sometimes popularly seen as a symptom of anxiety, but there is actually no direct correlation in that direction (though as mentioned the inverse can be true, as social anxiety may actually develop in individuals as a result of their stuttering). Stuttering is generally not a problem with the physical production of speech sounds or putting thoughts into words. Acute nervousness and stress do not cause stuttering, but they can trigger stuttering in people who have the speech disorder, and living with a stigmatized disability can result in anxiety and high allostatic stress load (chronic nervousness and stress) that reduce the amount of acute stress necessary to trigger stuttering in any given person who stutters, exacerbating the problem in the manner of a positive feedback system; the name 'stuttered speech syndrome' has been proposed for this condition. Neither acute nor chronic stress, however, itself creates any predisposition to stuttering. The disorder is also variable, which means that in certain situations, such as talking on the telephone or in a large group, the stuttering might be more severe or less, depending on whether or not the stutterer is self-conscious about their stuttering. Stutterers often find that their stuttering fluctuates and that they have "good" days, "bad" days and "stutter-free" days. The times in which their stuttering fluctuates can be random. Although the exact etiology, or cause, of stuttering is unknown, both genetics and neurophysiology are thought to contribute. There are many treatments and speech therapy techniques available that may help decrease speech disfluency in some people who stutter to the point where an untrained ear cannot identify a problem; however, there is essentially no cure for the disorder at present. The severity of the person's stuttering would correspond to the amount of speech therapy needed to decrease disfluency. For severe stuttering, long-term therapy and hard work is required to decrease disfluency.
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the supreme court in all matters under English and Welsh law, Northern Irish law and Scottish civil law.
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published.
The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, India, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius, and occasionally elsewhere.
Thomas Henry Bingham, Baron Bingham of Cornhill (called Tom; 13 October 193311 September 2010), was an eminent British judge and jurist who served as Master of the Rolls, Lord Chief Justice and Senior Law Lord.
Tracing is a legal process, not a remedy, by which a claimant demonstrates what has happened to his/her property, identifies its proceeds and those persons who have handled or received them, and asks the court to award a proprietary remedy in respect of the property, or an asset substituted for the original property or its proceeds.
The UCL Faculty of Laws is the law school of University College London (UCL).
United Kingdom labour law regulates the relations between workers, employers and trade unions.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
Vaughan v Barlow Clowes International Ltd is an English trusts law case, concerning tracing.
Sir William James Lynton Blair (born 31 March 1950) is a retired British judge.
The 1990 Strangeways Prison riot was a 25-day prison riot and rooftop protest at Strangeways Prison in Manchester, England.