114 relations: Aftershock, Alaska, Antiquities Act, Archipelago, Atoll, Barack Obama, Basalt, California, Climate, Coconut Island, Coconut Island (Hawaii Island), Desert island, Diabase, Earthquake, Endemism, Epicenter, Erosion, Ethnic groups in Europe, First Lord of the Admiralty, Ford Island, French Frigate Shoals, Gabbro, Gardner Pinnacles, George W. Bush, Grass Island, Hawaii, Hawaii, Hawaii (island), Hawaii Inter-Island Cable System, Hawaiian eruption, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain, Hilina Slump, Hilo Bay, Hilo, Hawaii, Honolulu, Hotspot (geology), Index of Hawaii-related articles, Island, Islet, James Cook, James King (Royal Navy officer), John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, Kaʻula, Kīlauea, Kingdom of Hawaii, Kona District, Hawaii, Kure Atoll, Landslide, Laysan, Lōʻihi Seamount, ..., Lehua, Lisianski Island, List of birds of Hawaii, List of extinct animals of the Hawaiian Islands, List of fish of Hawaii, List of mountain peaks of Hawaii, List of Ultras of Oceania, List of World Heritage Sites in Oceania, Magma, Makapuʻu, Mantle (geology), Maritime fur trade, Maro Reef, Mauna Kea, Mauna Loa, Mānana, Midway Atoll, Mokolea Rock, Mokoliʻi, Moku Manu, Molokai, Molokini, Monoculture, Na Mokulua, Necker Island (Hawaii), Nephelinite, Newlands Resolution, Nihoa, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, Oregon State University College of Science, Orography, Outline of Hawaii, Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, Pacific Ocean, Pacific Plate, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, Pearl and Hermes Atoll, Polyculture, Polynesians, Republic of Hawaii, Richter magnitude scale, Sand Island (Hawaii), Seamount, Shield volcano, Titus Coan, Trade winds, Tropical climate, Tropical cyclone, Tsunami, U.S. state, UNESCO, Unincorporated territories of the United States, United States, United States Census Bureau, United States Geological Survey, United States Minor Outlying Islands, Volcano, Wave, Windward and leeward, World Heritage Committee, World Heritage site, 2006 Kiholo Bay earthquake, 2010 Chile earthquake, 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Expand index (64 more) » « Shrink index
An aftershock is a smaller earthquake that occurs after a previous large earthquake, in the same area of the main shock.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
The Antiquities Act of 1906,, is an act passed by the United States Congress and signed into law by Theodore Roosevelt on June 8, 1906.
An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands.
An atoll, sometimes called a coral atoll, is a ring-shaped coral reef including a coral rim that encircles a lagoon partially or completely.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Basalt is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Climate is the statistics of weather over long periods of time.
Coconut Island, or Moku o Loe, is a 28-acre (113,000 m²) island in Kāne'ohe Bay off the island of Oahu in the state of Hawaii, United States.
Coconut Island, or Mokuola is a small island in Hilo Bay, just offshore from Lili'uokalani Park and Gardens, in Hilo, off the island of Hawaii.
A deserted island or uninhabited island is an island that is not permanently populated by humans.
Diabase or dolerite or microgabbro is a mafic, holocrystalline, subvolcanic rock equivalent to volcanic basalt or plutonic gabbro.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
The epicenter, epicentre or epicentrum in seismology is the point on the Earth's surface directly above a hypocenter or focus, the point where an earthquake or an underground explosion originates.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
The Indigenous peoples of Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe.
The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the Royal Navy who was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs and responsible for the direction and control of Admiralty Department as well as general administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, that encompassed the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services.
Ford Island (PokaAilana) is an islet in the center of Pearl Harbor, Oahu, in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
The French Frigate Shoals (Hawaiian: Kānemilohai) is the largest atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
Gabbro refers to a large group of dark, often phaneritic (coarse-grained), mafic intrusive igneous rocks chemically equivalent to basalt, being its coarse-grained analogue.
The Gardner Pinnacles (Hawaiian: Pūhāhonu) are two barren rock outcrops surrounded by a reef and located in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands at.
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Grass Island is a small island located in the Pearl and Hermes Atoll, in Hawaii.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Hawaiʻi is the largest island located in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
HICS or Hawaii Inter-Island Cable System is a fiber optic submarine telecommunications cable system linking together six of the eight main Hawaiian Islands with each other.
A Hawaiian eruption is a type of volcanic eruption where lava flows from the vent in a relatively gentle, low level eruption; it is so named because it is characteristic of Hawaiian volcanoes.
The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) is a volcano observatory located at Uwekahuna Bluff on the rim of Kīlauea Caldera on the Island of Hawaiokinai.
The Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain is a mostly undersea mountain range in the Pacific Ocean that reaches above sea level in Hawaii.
The Hilina Slump, on the south flank of the Kilauea Volcano on the southeast coast of the Big Island of Hawaii, is the most notable of several landslides that ring each of the Hawaiian Islands.
Hilo Bay is a large bay located on the eastern coast of the island of Hawaiokinai.
Hilo is the largest settlement and census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States, which encompasses the Island of HawaiOkinai.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
In geology, the places known as hotspots or hot spots are volcanic regions thought to be fed by underlying mantle that is anomalously hot compared with the surrounding mantle.
The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of Hawaii.
An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.
An islet is a very small island.
Captain James Cook (7 November 1728Old style date: 27 October14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy.
Captain James King (1750 – 16 November 1784) was an officer of the Royal Navy.
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, PC, FRS (13 November 1718 – 30 April 1792) was a British statesman who succeeded his grandfather Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich as the Earl of Sandwich in 1729, at the age of ten.
Kaula Island, also called Kaula Rock, is a small, crescent-shaped offshore islet in the Hawaiian Islands.
Kīlauea is a currently active shield volcano in the Hawaiian Islands, and the most active of the five volcanoes that together form the island of Hawaiokinai.
The Kingdom of Hawaiʻi originated in 1795 with the unification of the independent islands of Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu, Maui, Molokaʻi, and Lānaʻi under one government.
Kona is a moku or district on the Big Island of Hawaiokinai in the State of Hawaii.
(Mokupāpapa) or Ocean Island is an atoll in the Pacific Ocean beyond Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands at.
The term landslide or, less frequently, landslip, refers to several forms of mass wasting that include a wide range of ground movements, such as rockfalls, deep-seated slope failures, mudflows and debris flows.
Laysan (Hawaiian: Kauō), located northwest of Honolulu at N25° 42' 14" W171° 44' 04", is one of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
Lōihi Seamount (also known as Lōʻihi) is an active submarine volcano about off the southeast coast of the island of Hawaii.
Lehua Island is a small, crescent-shaped island in the Hawaiian islands, only north of Niokinaihau, due west of Kauai.
Lisianski Island (Hawaiian: Papa‘āpoho) is one of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, with a land area of and a maximum elevation of above sea level.
This list of birds of Hawaii is a comprehensive listing of all the bird species seen naturally in the U.S. state of Hawaii as determined by Robert L. and Peter Pyle of the Bishop Museum, Honolulu.
This is an incomplete list of extinct animals of the Hawaiian Islands.
The fish species of Hawaii inhabit the Hawaiian archipelago in the central North Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of Australia.
This article comprises three sortable tables of the 13 major mountain peaks of the Hawaiian Islands and the U.S. State of Hawaiokinai.
This is a list of the 67 ultra-prominent summits (with topographic prominence greater than 1,500 metres) of Oceania, plus the two Ultras of the Southern Indian Ocean.
A World Heritage Site is a location that is listed by UNESCO as having outstanding cultural or natural value to the common heritage of humanity.
Magma (from Ancient Greek μάγμα (mágma) meaning "thick unguent") is a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets and some natural satellites.
Makapuu is the extreme eastern end of the Island of Ookinaahu in the Hawaiian Islands, comprising the remnant of a ridge that rises 647 feet (197 m) above the sea.
The mantle is a layer inside a terrestrial planet and some other rocky planetary bodies.
The maritime fur trade was a ship-based fur trade system that focused on acquiring furs of sea otters and other animals from the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast and natives of Alaska.
Maro Reef (Hawaiian: Nalukākala - "surf that arrives in combers") is a largely submerged coral atoll located in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
Mauna Kea is a dormant volcano on the island of Hawaii.
Mauna Loa (or; Hawaiian:; Long Mountain) is one of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawaii in the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi in the Pacific Ocean.
Mānana Island is an uninhabited islet located off Kaupō Beach, near Makapuokinau at the eastern end of the Island of Ookinaahu in the Hawaiian Islands.
Midway Atoll (also called Midway Island and Midway Islands; Hawaiian: Pihemanu Kauihelani) is a atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at.
Mōkōlea Rock is an islet in Kailua Bay along the windward coast of Ookinaahu in Hawaiokinai and located east of Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH).
Mokolii, commonly known as Chinaman's Hat, is a basalt islet in Kāneʻohe Bay, Hawaii.
Moku Manu, or "Bird Island" in the Hawaiian language, is an offshore islet of Oahu, three-quarters of a mile off Mokapu Peninsula.
Molokai (Hawaiian), nicknamed “The Friendly Isle”, is the fifth largest island of eight major islands that make up the Hawaiian Island Chain in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
Molokini is a crescent-shaped, partially submerged volcanic crater which forms a small, uninhabited islet located in ʻAlalākeiki Channel between the islands of Maui and Kahookinaolawe, within Maui County in Hawaiokinai.
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time.
Nā Mokulua (meaning, in Hawaiian, "the two islands") are two islets off the windward coast of Oahu in the Hawaiian Islands.
Necker Island (Hawaiian: Mokumanamana) is a small island in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
Nephelinite is a fine-grained or aphanitic igneous rock made up almost entirely of nepheline and clinopyroxene (variety augite).
The Newlands Resolution was a joint resolution passed on July 4, 1898, by the United States Congress to annex the independent Republic of Hawaii.
Nihoa (Hawaiian), also known as Bird Island or Moku Manu, is the tallest of ten islands and atolls in the uninhabited Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI).
The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands or the Leeward Islands are the small islands and atolls in the Hawaiian island chain located northwest (in some cases, far to the northwest) of the islands of Kauai and Niihau.
Oregon State University's College of Science is a college within Oregon State University consisting of 13 departments.
Orography (from the Greek όρος, hill, γραφία, to write) is the study of the topographic relief of mountains, and can more broadly include hills, and any part of a region's elevated terrain.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the U.S. state of Hawaii: Hawaii is the newest state among the 50 states of the United States of America.
The overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii began on January 17, 1893, with a coup d'état against Queen Liliokinauokalani on the island of Oahu by foreign residents residing in Honolulu, mostly United States citizens, and subjects of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean.
The Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (roughly) is a World Heritage listed U.S. National Monument encompassing of ocean waters, including ten islands and atolls of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
The Pearl and Hermes Atoll (Holoikauaua) is part of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, a group of small islands and atolls that form the farthest northwest portion of the Hawaiian island chain.
Polyculture is agriculture using multiple crops in the same space, providing crop diversity in imitation of the diversity of natural ecosystems, and avoiding large stands of single crops, or monoculture.
The Polynesians are a subset of Austronesians native to the islands of Polynesia that speak the Polynesian languages, a branch of the Oceanic subfamily of the Austronesian language family.
The Republic of Hawaii was the formal name of the nation of Hawaiokinai between July 4, 1894, when the Provisional Government of Hawaii ended, and August 12, 1898, when it was annexed by the United States as a territory of the United States.
The so-called Richter magnitude scale – more accurately, Richter's magnitude scale, or just Richter magnitude – for measuring the strength ("size") of earthquakes refers to the original "magnitude scale" developed by Charles F. Richter and presented in his landmark 1935 paper, and later revised and renamed the Local magnitude scale, denoted as "ML" or "ML".
Sand Island, formerly known as Quarantine Island, also known as Kush Island is a small island within the city of Honolulu, Hawaii, United States.
A seamount is a mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island, islet or cliff-rock.
A shield volcano is a type of volcano usually composed almost entirely of fluid lava flows.
Titus Coan (February 1, 1801 – December 1, 1881) was an American minister from New England who spent most of his life as a Christian missionary to the Hawaiian Islands.
The trade winds are the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics, within the lower portion of the Earth's atmosphere, in the lower section of the troposphere near the Earth's equator.
A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures of at least.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
A tsunami (from 津波, "harbour wave"; English pronunciation) or tidal wave, also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Under United States law, an unincorporated territory is an area controlled by the United States government which is not part of (i.e., "incorporated" in) the United States.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
In physics, a wave is a disturbance that transfers energy through matter or space, with little or no associated mass transport.
Windward is the direction upwind from the point of reference, alternatively the direction from which the wind is coming.
The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, monitors the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The 2006 Kiholo Bay earthquake occurred on October 15 at with a moment magnitude of 6.7 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe).
The 2010 Chile earthquake (Terremoto del 27F) occurred off the coast of central Chile on Saturday, 27 February at 03:34 local time (06:34 UTC), having a magnitude of 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale, with intense shaking lasting for about three minutes.
The was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately.
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