133 relations: Acronyms in healthcare, Allied health professions, Ambulatory care, Antimicrobial, Antimicrobial resistance, Biostatistics, Capitation (healthcare), Catholic Church and health care, Charitable organization, Chiropractic, Chronic care management, Chronic condition, Clinic, Co-insurance, Commonwealth Fund, Community health, Community health worker, Comparison of the healthcare systems in Canada and the United States, Conceptual framework, Consumer-driven healthcare, Copayment, Cultural competence in healthcare, Deductible, Dentist, Diabetes mellitus, Dietitian, Disability insurance, Donation, Environmental Health (journal), Epidemiology, EUPHIX, Euro health consumer index, Evaluation, Evidence-based management, Evidence-based policy, Fee-for-service, Financial transaction tax, General practitioner, Global health, Government, Gross domestic product, Health, Health administration, Health care, Health care in Australia, Health care in France, Health care in the United Kingdom, Health care in the United States, Health care reform, Health care system in Japan, ..., Health Consumer Powerhouse, Health crisis, Health data, Health department, Health economics, Health equity, Health human resources, Health insurance, Health policy, Health professional, Health services research, Healthcare in Canada, Healthcare in Germany, Healthcare in Italy, Healthcare in Sweden, Healthy city, HIV/AIDS, Hospital, Hospital information system, HRHIS, Infant mortality, Information and communications technology, Information science, Innovative financing, Insurance, Life expectancy, Long-term care insurance, Market (economics), Medical guideline, Medical laboratory, Medical laboratory scientist, Medical record, Medical terminology, Medicine, Mental health, Midwifery, National health insurance, Norway, Nursing, Occupational safety and health, OECD, Optometry, Organization, Organizational structure, Out-of-pocket expense, Pandemic, Paramedic, Performance indicator, Pharmaceutical policy, Pharmacist, Philosophy of healthcare, Physician, Population health, Primary care, Primary healthcare, Psychologist, Public health, Public–private partnership, Publicly funded health care, Ranking, Salary, Single-payer healthcare, Social determinants of health, Social insurance, Socialized medicine, Tax, Therapy, Timeline of global health, Tobacco smoking, Trade union, Transitional care, Tuberculosis, Two-tier healthcare, Unitaid, Universal health care, Unnecessary health care, Vaccination, Vaccination policy, Wage, World Health Day, World Health Organization, World Health Organization ranking of health systems in 2000, World Health Report. Expand index (83 more) » « Shrink index
Acronyms are very commonly used in healthcare settings.
Allied health professions are health care professions distinct from nursing, medicine, and pharmacy.
Ambulatory care or outpatient care is medical care provided on an outpatient basis, including diagnosis, observation, consultation, treatment, intervention, and rehabilitation services.
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An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth.
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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe.
Biostatistics is the application of statistics to a wide range of topics in biology.
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Capitation is a payment arrangement for health care service providers such as physicians or nurse practitioners.
The Roman Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of health care services in the world.
A charitable organization or charity is a non-profit organization (NPO) whose primary objectives are philanthropy and social well-being (e.g. charitable, educational, religious, or other activities serving the public interest or common good).
Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine mostly concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine.
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Chronic care management encompasses the oversight and education activities conducted by health care professionals to help patients with chronic diseases and health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, lupus, multiple sclerosis and sleep apnea learn to understand their condition and live successfully with it.
A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.
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A clinic (or outpatient clinic or ambulatory care clinic) is a healthcare facility that is primarily focused on the care of outpatients.
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Coinsurance in insurance, is the splitting or spreading of risk among multiple parties.
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The Commonwealth Fund is a private U.S. foundation whose stated purpose is to "promote a high performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for society's most vulnerable and the elderly." It is active in a number of areas related to health care and health policy.
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Community health is a major field of study within the medical and clinical sciences which focuses on the maintenance, protection, and improvement of the health status of population groups and communities.
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Community health worker (CHW) are members of a community who are chosen by community members or organizations to provide basic health and medical care to their community capable of providing preventive, promotional and rehabilitation care to these communities.
Comparison of the healthcare systems in Canada and the United States is often made by government, public health and public policy analysts.
A conceptual framework is an analytical tool with several variations and contexts.
Consumer-driven healthcare (CDHC), defined narrowly, refers to third-tier health insurance plans that allow members to use health savings accounts (HSAs), Health Reimbursement Accounts (HRAs), or similar medical payment products to pay routine healthcare expenses directly, but a high-deductible health plan protects them from catastrophic medical expenses.
A copayment or copay is a fixed amount for a covered service, paid by a patient to the insurance company before patient receives service from physician.
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Cultural competence in healthcare refers to the ability for healthcare professionals to demonstrate cultural competence toward patients with diverse values, beliefs, and feelings.
In an insurance policy, the deductible is the amount paid out of pocket by the policy holder before an insurance provider will pay any expenses.
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A dentist, also known as a dental surgeon, is a surgeon who specializes in dentistry, the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity.
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Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
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A dietitian (or dietician) is an expert in dietetics; that is, human nutrition and the regulation of diet.
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Disability Insurance, often called DI or disability income insurance, or income protection, is a form of insurance that insures the beneficiary's earned income against the risk that a disability creates a barrier for a worker to complete the core functions of their work.
A donation is a gift for charity, humanitarian aid, or to benefit a cause.
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Environmental Health is a peer-reviewed medical journal established in 2002 and published by BioMed Central.
Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
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The objective of the European Union Public Health Information and Knowledge system (EUPHIX project) is to develop a sustainable system to integrate and present public health information and knowledge for policy makers, academics and public health specialists at a European, national and regional level.
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Euro Health Consumer Index (EHCI) is a comparison of European health care systems based on waiting times, results, and generosity.
Evaluation is a systematic determination of a subject's merit, worth and significance, using criteria governed by a set of standards.
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Evidence-based management (EBMgt) is an emerging movement to explicitly use the current, best evidence in management and decision-making.
Evidence-based policy is a term often applied in multiple fields of public policy to refer to situations whereby policy decisions are informed by rigorously established objective evidence.
Fee-for-service (FFS) is a payment model where services are unbundled and paid for separately.
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A financial transaction tax is a levy on a specific type of financial transaction for a particular purpose.
In the medical profession, a general practitioner (GP) is a medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients.
Global health is the health of populations in the global context; it has been defined as "the area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide".
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A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
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Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
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Health administration or healthcare administration is the field relating to leadership, management, and administration of public health systems, health care systems, hospitals, and hospital networks.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
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Health care in Australia is delivered as a mixed system: universal health care (public) and private providers (insurance).
The French health care system is one of universal health care largely financed by government national health insurance.
Health care in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter, with England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales each having their own systems of publicly funded healthcare, funded by and accountable to separate governments and parliaments, together with smaller private sector and voluntary provision.
Health care in the United States is provided by many distinct organizations.
Health care reform is a general rubric used for discussing major health policy creation or changes—for the most part, governmental policy that affects health care delivery in a given place.
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The health care system in Japan provides healthcare services, including screening examinations, prenatal care and infectious disease control, with the patient accepting responsibility for 30% of these costs while the government pays the remaining 70%.
Health Consumer Powerhouse is a Swedish health policy think tank which specialises in comparing healthcare systems throughout Europe.
A health crisis or public health crisis is a difficult situation or complex health system that affects humans in one or more geographic areas (mainly occurred in natural hazards), from a particular locality to encompass the entire planet.
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Health data is any data "related to health conditions, reproductive outcomes, causes of death, and quality of life" for an individual or population.
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A health department or health ministry is a part of government which focuses on issues related to the general health of the citizenry.
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Health economics is a branch of economics concerned with issues related to efficiency, effectiveness, value and behavior in the production and consumption of health and healthcare.
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Health equity refers to the study and causes of differences in the quality of health and healthcare across different populations.
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Health human resources (HHR) – also known as human resources for health (HRH) or health workforce – is defined as "all people engaged in actions whose primary intent is to enhance health", according to the World Health Organization's ''World Health Report 2006''.
Health insurance is insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons.
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Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific healthcare goals within a society".
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A health professional, health practitioner or healthcare provider (sometimes simply "provider") is an individual who provides preventive, curative, promotional or rehabilitative health care services in a systematic way to people, families or communities.
Health services research (HSR), also known as health systems research or health policy and systems research (HPSR), is a multidisciplinary scientific field that examines how people get access to health care practitioners and health care services, how much care costs, and what happens to patients as a result of this care.
Healthcare in Canada is delivered through thirteen provincial and territorial systems of publicly funded health care, informally called Medicare.
Germany has a universal multi-payer health care system paid for by a combination of statutory health insurance (Gesetzliche Krankenversicherung) officially called "sickness funds" (Krankenkassen) and private health insurance (Private Krankenversicherung), colloquially also called "(private) sickness funds".
For a general article on health in Italy, see health in Italy Healthcare spending in Italy accounted for 9.2% of GDP in 2012 (about $3,200 per capita) of which about 77% is public, slightly lower than the average of 9.3% in OECD countries.
The Swedish health care system is mainly government-funded and decentralized, although private health care also exists.
Healthy city is a term used in public health and urban design to stress the impact of policy on human health.
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Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
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A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.
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A hospital information system (HIS) is an element of health informatics that focuses mainly on the administrational needs of hospitals.
A human resource for health information system (HRHIS), also known as human resource information system (HRIS) — is a system for collecting, processing, managing and disseminating data and information on human resource for health (HRH).
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Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.
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Information and communication technology (ICT) is another/extensional term for information technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.
Information science is a field primarily concerned with the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, movement, dissemination, and protection of information.
Innovative financing refers to a range of non-traditional mechanisms to raise additional funds for development aid through "innovative" projects such as micro-contributions, taxes, public-private partnerships and market-based financial transactions.
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
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Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.
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Long-term care insurance (LTC or LTCI) is an insurance product, sold in the United States, United Kingdom and Canada, that helps pay for the costs associated with long-term care.
A market is one of the many varieties of systems, institutions, procedures, social relations and infrastructures whereby parties engage in exchange.
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A medical guideline (also called a clinical guideline or clinical practice line) is a document with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria regarding diagnosis, management, and treatment in specific areas of healthcare.
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A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are carried out on clinical specimens in order to obtain information about the health of a patient in order to provide diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
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A medical laboratory scientist (MLS), also traditionally referred to as a medical technologist (MT), or a clinical laboratory scientist (CLS), is a healthcare professional who performs chemical, hematological, immunologic, histopathological, cytopathological, microscopic, and bacteriological diagnostic analyses on body fluids such as blood, urine, sputum, stool, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid, and synovial fluid, as well as other specimens.
The terms medical record, health record, and medical chart are used somewhat interchangeably to describe the systematic documentation of a single patient's medical history and care across time within one particular health care provider's jurisdiction.
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Medical terminology is language used to precisely describe the human body including its components, processes, conditions affecting it, and procedures performed upon it.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
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Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness.
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Midwifery is the health science and health profession that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period (including care of the newborn), in addition to the sexual and reproductive health of women throughout their lives.
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National health insurance (NHI) – sometimes called statutory health insurance (SHI) – is a system of health insurance that insures a national population against the costs of health care.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
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Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.
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Occupational safety and health (OSH), also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS), occupational health, or workplace health and safety (WHS), is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the safety, health, and welfare of people at work.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
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Optometry is a health care profession which involves examining the eyes and applicable visual systems for defects or abnormalities as well as the medical diagnosis and management of eye disease.
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An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment.
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An organizational structure defines how activities such as task allocation, coordination and supervision are directed toward the achievement of organizational aims.
In North American financial context an out-of-pocket expense (or out-of-pocket cost) is the direct outlay of cash that may or may not be later reimbursed from a third-party source.
A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
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A paramedic is a healthcare professional who responds to medical emergencies outside of a hospital.
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A performance indicator or key performance indicator (KPI) is a type of performance measurement.
Pharmaceutical policy is a branch of health policy that deals with the development, provision and use of medications within a health care system.
Pharmacists, also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists (North American and, archaically, Commonwealth English), are health professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use.
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The philosophy of healthcare is the study of the ethics, processes, and people which constitute the maintenance of health for human beings.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
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Population health has been defined as "the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group".
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Primary care is the day-to-day healthcare given by a health care provider.
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Primary healthcare (PHC) refers to "essential health care" that is based on "scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology, which make universal health care accessible to all individuals and families in a community.
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A psychologist studies normal and abnormal mental states from cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how individuals relate to one another and to their environments.
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Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".
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A public–private partnership (PPP, 3P or P3) is a cooperative arrangement between two or more public and private sectors, typically of a long-term nature.
Publicly funded healthcare is a form of health care financing designed to meet the cost of all or most healthcare needs from a publicly managed fund.
A ranking is a relationship between a set of items such that, for any two items, the first is either 'ranked higher than', 'ranked lower than' or 'ranked equal to' the second.
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A salary is a form of payment from an employer to an employee, which may be specified in an employment contract.
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Single-payer healthcare is a healthcare system financed by taxes that covers the costs of essential healthcare for all residents, with costs covered by a single public system (hence 'single-payer').
The social determinants of health are linked to the economic and social conditions and their distribution among the population that influence individual and group differences in health status.
Social insurance is any government-sponsored program with the following four characteristics.
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Socialized medicine is a term used in the United States to describe and discuss systems of universal health care: medical and hospital care for all at a nominal cost by means of government regulation of health care and subsidies derived from taxation.
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
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Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.
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This page is a timeline of global health, including major conferences, interventions, cures, and crises.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
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A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
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Transitional care refers to the coordination and continuity of health care during a movement from one healthcare setting to either another or to home, called care transition, between health care practitioners and settings as their condition and care needs change during the course of a chronic or acute illness.
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Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
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Two-tier healthcare is a situation in which a basic government-provided healthcare system provides basic care, and a secondary tier of care exists for those who can pay for additional, better quality or faster access.
Unitaid is a global health initiative that is working with partners to end the world's tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, malaria and hepatitis C epidemics.
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Universal health care (also called universal health coverage, universal coverage, universal care, or socialized health care) is a health care system that provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country.
Unnecessary health care (overutilization, overuse, or overtreatment) is healthcare provided with a higher volume or cost than is appropriate.
Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.
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Vaccination policy refers to the health policy a government adopts in relation to vaccination.
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A wage is monetary compensation (or remuneration, personnel expenses, labor) paid by an employer to an employee in exchange for work done.
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The World Health Day is a global health awareness day celebrated every year on 7 April, under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as other related organisations.
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The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The World Health Organization (WHO) ranked the health systems of its 191 member states in its World Health Report 2000.
The World Health Report (WHR) is a series of reports produced regularly by the World Health Organization (WHO).
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