134 relations: Acronyms in healthcare, Allied health professions, Ambulatory care, Antimicrobial, Antimicrobial resistance, Biostatistics, Capitation (healthcare), Catholic Church and health care, Charitable organization, Chiropractic, Chronic care management, Chronic condition, Clinic, Co-insurance, Commonwealth Fund, Community health, Community health worker, Comparison of the health care systems in Canada and the United States, Conceptual framework, Consumer-driven health care, Copayment, Cultural competence in health care, David R. Henderson, Deductible, Dentist, Diabetes mellitus, Dietitian, Disability insurance, Donation, Environmental Health (journal), Epidemiology, EUPHIX, Euro health consumer index, Evaluation, Evidence-based management, Evidence-based policy, Fee-for-service, Financial transaction tax, General practitioner, Global health, Government, Gross domestic product, Health, Health administration, Health care, Health care in Australia, Health care in Canada, Health care in France, Health care in the United States, Health care reform, ..., Health care system in Japan, Health Consumer Powerhouse, Health crisis, Health department, Health economics, Health equity, Health human resources, Health insurance, Health policy, Health professional, Health services research, Healthcare in Germany, Healthcare in Italy, Healthcare in Sweden, Healthcare in the United Kingdom, Healthy city, HIV/AIDS, Hospital, Hospital information system, HRHIS, Infant mortality, Information and communications technology, Information science, Innovative financing, Insurance, Library of Economics and Liberty, Life expectancy, Long-term care insurance, Market (economics), Medical guideline, Medical laboratory, Medical laboratory scientist, Medical record, Medical terminology, Medicine, Mental health, Midwifery, National health insurance, Norway, Nursing, Occupational safety and health, Optometry, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization, Organizational structure, Out-of-pocket expenses, Pandemic, Paramedic, Performance indicator, Pharmaceutical policy, Pharmacist, Philosophy of healthcare, Physician, Population health, Primary care, Primary health care, Psychologist, Public health, Public–private partnership, Publicly funded health care, Ranking, Salary, Single-payer health care, Social determinants of health, Social insurance, Socialized medicine, Tax, The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, Therapy, Tobacco smoking, Trade union, Transitional care, Tuberculosis, Two-tier health care, Unitaid, Universal health care, Unnecessary health care, Vaccination, Vaccination policy, Wage, World Health Day, World Health Organization, World Health Organization ranking of health systems in 2000, World Health Report. Expand index (84 more) » « Shrink index
The following is a partial list of 'initialisms and acronyms commonly used in health care'.
Allied health professions are health care professions distinct from nursing, medicine, and pharmacy.
Ambulatory care or outpatient care is medical care provided on an outpatient basis, including diagnosis, observation, consultation, treatment, intervention, and rehabilitation services.
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An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or inhibits their growth.
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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is when microbes are less treatable with one or more medication used to treat or prevent infection.
Biostatistics (or biometry) is the application of statistics to a wide range of topics in biology.
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Capitation is a payment arrangement for health care service providers such as physicians or nurse practitioners.
The Roman Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of health care services in the world.
A charitable organization is a type of non-profit organization (NPO).
Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine that focuses on diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine, under the belief that these disorders affect general health via the nervous system.
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Chronic care management encompasses the oversight and education activities conducted by health care professionals to help patients with chronic diseases and health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, lupus, multiple sclerosis and sleep apnea learn to understand their condition and live successfully with it.
A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.
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A clinic (or outpatient clinic or ambulatory care clinic) is a health care facility that is primarily devoted to the care of outpatients.
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Coinsurance in insurance, is the splitting or spreading of risk among multiple parties.
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The Commonwealth Fund is a private U.S. foundation whose stated purpose is to "promote a high performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for society's most vulnerable" and the elderly.
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Community health, a field of public health, is a discipline which concerns itself with the study and improvement of the health characteristics of biological communities.
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Community health workers (CHW) are members of a community who are chosen by community members or organizations to provide basic health and medical care to their community.
Comparison of the health care systems in Canada and the United States is often made by government, public health and public policy analysts.
A conceptual framework is an analytical tool with several variations and contexts.
Consumer-driven health care (CDHC), defined narrowly, refers to third tier health insurance plans that allow members to use health savings accounts (HSAs), Health Reimbursement Accounts (HRAs), or similar medical payment products to pay routine health care expenses directly, while a high-deductible health plan (HDHP) protects them from catastrophic medical expenses.
A copayment or copay is a fixed payment for a covered service, paid when an individual receives service.
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Cultural competence in health care refers to the ability for health care systems to demonstrate cultural competence toward patients with diverse values, beliefs, and behaviors.
David R. Henderson (born November 21, 1950) is a research fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution and is also associate professor of economics at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, where he has taught since 1984.
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In an insurance policy, the deductible is the amount of expenses that must be paid out of pocket before an insurer will pay any expenses.
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A dentist, also known as a dental surgeon, is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the oral cavity.
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Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
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A dietitian (or dietician) is an expert in dietetics; that is, human nutrition and the regulation of diet.
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Disability Insurance, often called DI or disability income insurance, or income protection, is a form of insurance that insures the beneficiary's earned income against the risk that a disability creates a barrier for a worker to complete the core functions of their work.
A donation is a gift given by physical or legal persons, typically for charitable purposes and/or to benefit a cause.
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Environmental Health is a peer-reviewed medical journal established in 2002 and published by BioMed Central.
Epidemiology is the study of the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
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The objective of the European Union Public Health Information and Knowledge system (EUPHIX project) is to develop a sustainable system to integrate and present public health information and knowledge for policy makers, academics and public health specialists at a European, national and regional level.
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Euro Health Consumer Index (EHCI) is a comparison of European health care systems based on waiting times, results, and generosity.
Evaluation is a systematic determination of a subject's merit, worth and significance, using criteria governed by a set of standards.
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Evidence-based management (EBMgt or EBM) is an emerging movement to explicitly use the current, best evidence in management and decision-making.
Evidence-based policy is public policy informed by rigorously established objective evidence.
Fee-for-service (FFS) is a payment model where services are paid for as itemized in the hospitals invoice.
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A financial transaction tax is a levy placed on a specific type of monetary transaction for a particular purpose.
In the medical profession, a general practitioner (GP) is a medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients.
Global health is the health of populations in a global context; it has been defined as "the area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide".
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A government is the system by which a state or community is controlled.
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Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a measure of the size of an economy.
Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living organism.
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Health administration or healthcare administration is the field relating to leadership, management, and administration of public health systems, health care systems, hospitals, and hospital networks.
Health care or healthcare is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
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Health care in Australia is provided by both private and government institutions.
Health care in Canada is delivered through a publicly funded health care system, which is mostly free at the point of use and has most services provided by private entities.
The French health care system is one of universal health care largely financed by government national health insurance.
Health care in the United States is provided by many distinct organizations.
Health care reform is a general rubric used for discussing major health policy creation or changes—for the most part, governmental policy that affects health care delivery in a given place.
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The health care system in Japan provides healthcare services, including screening examinations, prenatal care and infectious disease control, with the patient accepting responsibility for 30% of these costs while the government pays the remaining 70%.
Health Consumer Powerhouse (HCP) is a Swedish company comparing healthcare throughout Europe.
A health crisis or public health crisis is a difficult situation or complex health system that affects humans in one or more geographic areas (mainly occurred in natural hazards), from a particular locality to encompass the entire planet.
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A health department or health ministry is a part of government which focuses on issues related to the general health of the citizenry.
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Health economics is a branch of economics concerned with issues related to efficiency, effectiveness, value and behavior in the production and consumption of health and health care.
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Health equity refers to the study of differences in the quality of health and healthcare across different populations.
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Health human resources (“HHR”) — also known as “human resources for health” (“HRH”) or “health workforce” — is defined as “all people engaged in actions whose primary intent is to enhance health”, according to the World Health Organization's ''World Health Report 2006''.
Health insurance is insurance against the risk of incurring medical expenses among individuals.
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Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society."World Health Organization.
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A health professional or health-care provider is an individual who provides preventive, curative, promotional or rehabilitative health care services in a systematic way to people, families or communities.
Health services research (HSR) is a multidisciplinary scientific field that examines how people get access to health care practitioners and health care services, how much care costs, and what happens to patients as a result of this care.
Germany has a universal multi-payer health care system with two main types of health insurance: "Statutory Health Insurance" (Gesetzliche Krankenversicherung) known as sickness funds and "Private Health Insurance" (Private Krankenversicherung).
For a general article on health in Italy, see health in Italy Health care spending in Italy accounted for 9.2% of GDP in 2012 (about $3,200 per capita) of which about 77% is public, slightly lower than the average of 9.3% in OECD countries.
The Swedish health care system is mainly government-funded and decentralized, although private health care also exists.
Healthcare in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter, meaning England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales each have their own systems of publicly funded healthcare.
Healthy city is a term used in public health and urban design to stress the impact of policy on human health.
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Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
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A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized staff and equipment.
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A hospital information system (HIS) is an element of health informatics that focuses mainly on the administrational needs of hospitals.
A “Human Resource for Health Information System” (“HRHIS”) — also known within the health care sector as “human resource information system” (“HRIS”) — is a system for collecting, processing, managing and disseminating data and information on human resource for health (HRH).
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Infant mortality is the death of a child less than one year of age.
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Information and communications technology (ICT) is often used as an extended synonym or as an umbrella term for information technology (IT), but is a more specific term (i.e. more broad in scope) that stresses the role of unified communications.
Information science is an interdisciplinary field primarily concerned with the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, movement, dissemination, and protection of information.
Innovative financing refers to a range of non-traditional mechanisms to raise additional funds for development aid through "innovative" projects such as micro-contributions, taxes, public-private partnerships and market-based financial transactions.
Insurance is the equitable transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another in exchange for money.
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The Library of Economics and Liberty (Econlib) is a free online library of economics books and articles of interest to libertarian views.
Life expectancy is a statistical measure of how long a person or organism may live, based on the year of their birth, their current age and other demographic factors including gender.
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Long-term care insurance (LTC or LTCI), an insurance product sold in the United States, United Kingdom and Canada, helps provide for the cost of long-term care beyond a predetermined period.
A market is one of the many varieties of systems, institutions, procedures, social relations and infrastructures whereby parties engage in exchange.
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A medical guideline (also called a clinical guideline, clinical protocol or clinical practice guideline) is a document with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria regarding diagnosis, management, and treatment in specific areas of healthcare.
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A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are usually done on clinical specimens in order to obtain information about the health of a patient as pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
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A medical laboratory scientist (MLS) (also referred to as a clinical laboratory scientist, or medical technologist) is a healthcare professional who performs chemical, hematological, immunologic, microscopic, and bacteriological diagnostic analyses on body fluids such as blood, urine, sputum, stool, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid, and synovial fluid, as well as other specimens. Medical laboratory scientists work in clinical laboratories at hospitals, physician's offices, reference labs, biotechnology labs and non-clinical industrial labs.
The terms medical record, health record, and medical chart are used somewhat interchangeably to describe the systematic documentation of a single patient's medical history and care across time within one particular health care provider's jurisdiction.
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Medical terminology is language that is used to accurately describe the human body and associated components, conditions, processes and procedures in a science-based manner.
Medicine (British English; American English) is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
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Mental health is a level of psychological well-being, or an absence of a mental disorder;About.com (2006, July 25).
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Midwifery, also known as obstetrics, is the health science and the health profession that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period (including care of the newborn), besides sexual and reproductive health of women throughout their lives.
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National health insurance (NHI) – sometimes called statutory health insurance (SHI) – is a legally enforced scheme of health insurance that insures a national population against the costs of health care.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk)), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard.
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Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.
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Occupational safety and health (OSH) also commonly referred to as occupational health and safety (OHS) or workplace health and safety (WHS) is an area concerned with the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment.
Optometry is a healthcare profession concerned with the eyes and related structures, as well as vision, visual systems, and vision information processing in humans.
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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
An organization or organisation (see spelling differences) is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment.
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An organizational structure defines how activities such as task allocation, coordination and supervision are directed towards the achievement of organizational aims.
Out-of-pocket expenses (or out-of-pocket costs) are direct outlays of cash which may be later reimbursed.
A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide.
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A paramedic is a healthcare professional, predominantly in the pre-hospital and out-of-hospital environment, and working mainly as part of emergency medical services (EMS), such as on an ambulance.
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A performance indicator or key performance indicator (KPI) is a type of performance measurement.
Pharmaceutical policy is a branch of health policy that deals with the development, provision and use of medications within a health care system.
Pharmacists, also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists (North American and, archaically, Commonwealth English), are healthcare professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use.
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The philosophy of healthcare is the study of the ethics, processes, and people which constitute the maintenance of health for human beings.
A physician is a professional who practices medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
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Population health has been defined as "the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group".
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Primary care is the day-to-day health care given by a health care provider.
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Primary health care (PHC) refers to "essential health care" that is based on scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology, which make universal health care universally accessible to individuals and families in a community.
A psychologist is a professional who evaluates and studies behavior and mental processesU.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Outlook Handbook: (see also psychology).
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Public health refers to "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals." It is concerned with threats to health based on population health analysis.
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A public–private partnership (PPP) is a government service or private business venture which is funded and operated through a partnership of government and one or more private sector companies.
Publicly funded health care is a form of health care financing designed to meet the cost of all or most health care needs from a publicly managed fund.
A ranking is a relationship between a set of items such that, for any two items, the first is either 'ranked higher than', 'ranked lower than' or 'ranked equal to' the second.
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A salary is a form of periodic payment from an employer to an employee, which may be specified in an employment contract.
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Single-payer health care is a system in which the government, rather than private insurers, pays for all health care costs.
The social determinants of health are the economic and social conditions – and their distribution among the population – that influence individual and group differences in health status.
Social insurance is any government-sponsored program with the following four characteristics.
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Socialized medicine is a term used to describe and discuss systems of universal health care—that is, medical and hospital care for all at a nominal cost by means of government regulation of health care and subsidies derived from taxation.
A tax (from the Latin taxo; "rate") is a financial charge or other levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity) by a state or the functional equivalent of a state to fund various public expenditures.
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The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (CEE), 2nd ed., 2008, is an on-line encyclopedia of economics and is part of the Library of Economics and Liberty sponsored by the Liberty Fund.
Therapy (often abbreviated tx or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.
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Tobacco smoking is the practice of burning tobacco and inhaling the smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
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A trade union (British EnglishAustralian EnglishNew Zealand EnglishSouth African English / Caribbean English; also trades union), labour union (Canadian English) or labor union (American English) is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, achieving higher pay and benefits such as health care and retirement, increasing the number of employees an employer assigns to complete the work, and better working conditions.
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Transitional care refers to the coordination and continuity of health care during a movement from one healthcare setting to either another or to home, called care transition, between health care practitioners and settings as their condition and care needs change during the course of a chronic or acute illness.
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Tuberculosis, MTB, or TB (short for tubercle bacillus), in the past also called phthisis, phthisis pulmonalis, or consumption, is a widespread, infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
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Two-tier health care is a situation that arises when a basic government-provided health care system provides basic, medical necessities while a secondary tier of care exists for those who can purchase additional health care services or receive better quality and faster access.
UNITAID is a global health initiative in great part financed by a solidarity levy on airline tickets.
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Universal health care, sometimes referred to as universal health coverage, universal coverage, or universal care, usually refers to a health care system which provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country.
Unnecessary health care (overutilization, overuse, or overtreatment) is health care provided with a higher volume or cost than is appropriate.
Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.
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Vaccination policy refers to the health policy a government adopts in relation to vaccination.
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A wage is monetary compensation (or remuneration, personnel expenses, labor) paid by an employer to an employee in exchange for work done.
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The World Health Day is a global health awareness day celebrated every year on 7 April, under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization (WHO).
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The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health.
The World Health Organization (WHO) ranked the health systems of its 191 member states in its World Health Report 2000.
The World Health Report (WHR) is a series of reports produced regularly by the World Health Organization (WHO).
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