120 relations: Added sugar, Alcohol, Alcoholic drink, Allium, American Heart Association, American Institute for Cancer Research, Ataxia, Barley, Benzene, British Heart Foundation, Broadcasting, Calcium, Calorie, Calorie restriction, Cancer, Cardiovascular disease, Cauliflower, Cestoda, Chinese food therapy, Cholesterol, Chronic condition, Cochrane (organisation), Coeliac disease, Committee of Advertising Practice, Coronary artery disease, Cruciferous vegetables, Culture, Dairy product, DASH diet, David L. Katz, Dermatitis herpetiformis, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Dietary fiber, Dieting, Disease, Escherichia coli, Exercise, Fad diet, Food and Agriculture Organization, Fruit, Garlic, Gastrointestinal cancer, Gluten-related disorders, Grain, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Health, Human body weight, Human nutrition, Hypertension, ..., Insulin-like growth factor 1, Iodised salt, Junk food, Khorasan wheat, Legume, Lipoprotein, List of diets, List of foods by protein content, List of nutrition guides, Low sodium diet, Low-carbohydrate diet, Low-fat diet, Marion Nestle, Meal, Medical nutrition therapy, Mediterranean diet, Meta-analysis, Micronutrient, Monounsaturated fat, Multivitamin, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Non-celiac gluten sensitivity, Nut (fruit), Nutrient, Nutrition facts label, Oat, Obesity, Overweight, Pathogen, Pigment, Polyunsaturated fat, Preventable causes of death, Processed meat, Protein, Psychology, Red meat, Rye, Salt, Saturated fat, Sodium, Spelt, Stroke, Sugar, Sweetened beverage, Table of food nutrients, The New York Times, Therapy, Toxicity, Trans fat, Triticale, United States Department of Agriculture, Unsaturated fat, Veganism, Vegetable, Vegetable oil, Vegetarianism, Vending machine, Very-low-calorie diet, Vitamin, Vitamin B12, Vitamin D, Water, Weight loss, Western pattern diet, Wheat, Wheat allergy, Whole grain, World Cancer Research Fund International, World Health Organization. Expand index (70 more) » « Shrink index
Added sugars are sugar carbohydrates (caloric sweeteners) added to food and beverages during their production (industrial processing).
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
An alcoholic drink (or alcoholic beverage) is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar.
Allium is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants that includes hundreds of species, including the cultivated onion, garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, and chives.
The American Heart Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke.
The American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) is a large American cancer research organization associated with the World Cancer Research Fund umbrella organization.
Ataxia is a neurological sign consisting of lack of voluntary coordination of muscle movements that includes gait abnormality.
Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
The British Heart Foundation (BHF) is a charity organisation in the United Kingdom.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
A calorie is a unit of energy.
Calorie restriction, or caloric restriction, or energy restriction, is a dietary regimen that reduces calorie intake without incurring malnutrition or a reduction in essential nutrients.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the family Brassicaceae.
Cestoda is a class of parasitic worms in the flatworm (Platyhelminthes) phylum, commonly known as tapeworms.
Chinese food therapy (also called nutrition therapy and dietary therapy) is a mode of dieting rooted in Chinese beliefs concerning the effects of food on the human organism, and centered on concepts such as eating in moderation.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.
Cochrane is a non-profit, non-governmental organization formed to organize medical research findings so as to facilitate evidence-based choices about health interventions faced by health professionals, patients, and policy makers.
Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.
The Committee of Advertising Practice (CAP) is the sister organisation of, and is administered by, the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA).
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.
Cruciferous vegetables are vegetables of the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae) with many genera, species, and cultivars being raised for food production such as cauliflower, cabbage, garden cress, bok choy, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and similar green leaf vegetables.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Dairy products, milk products or lacticinia are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals, primarily cattle, water buffaloes, goats, sheep, camels, and humans.
The DASH diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) is a dietary pattern promoted by the U.S.-based National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services) to prevent and control hypertension.
David L. Katz (born 20 February 1963) is an American physician and the founding director of the Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center that was founded at Griffin Hospital in Derby, Connecticut in 1998.
Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a chronic blistering skin condition, characterised by blisters filled with a watery fluid.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.
Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants.
Dieting is the practice of eating food in a regulated and supervised fashion to decrease, maintain, or increase body weight, or to prevent and treat diseases, such as diabetes.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
A fad diet or diet cult is a diet that makes promises of weight loss or other health advantages such as longer life without backing by solid science, and in many cases are characterized by highly restrictive or unusual food choices.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium.
Gastrointestinal cancer refers to malignant conditions of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) and accessory organs of digestion, including the esophagus, stomach, biliary system, pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus.
Gluten-related disorders is the umbrella term for all diseases triggered by gluten.
A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.
The Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health (formerly Harvard School of Public Health) is the public health graduate school of Harvard University, located in the Longwood Medical Area of Boston, Massachusetts adjacent Harvard Medical School.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
Human body weight refers to a person's mass or weight.
Human nutrition deals with the provision of essential nutrients in food that are necessary to support human life and health.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), also called somatomedin C, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the IGF1 gene.
Iodised salt (also spelled iodized salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine.
Junk food is a pejorative term for food containing a large number of calories from sugar or fat with little fibre, protein, vitamins or minerals.
Khorasan wheat or Oriental wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. turanicum also called Triticum turanicum), commercially known as kamut, is a tetraploid wheat species.
A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).
A lipoprotein is a biochemical assembly whose purpose is to transport hydrophobic lipid (a.k.a. fat) molecules in water, as in blood or extracellular fluid.
An individual's diet is the sum of food and drink that he or she habitually consumes.
Below is a list of protein content in foods, organised by food group and given in measurements of grams of protein per 100 grams of food portion.
This is a list of nutrition guides.
A low sodium diet is a diet that includes no more than 1,500 to 2,400 mg of sodium per day.
Low-carbohydrate diets or low-carb diets are dietary programs that restrict carbohydrate consumption.
A low-fat diet is one that restricts fat and often saturated fat and cholesterol as well.
Marion Nestle (born 1936) is an American academic.
A meal is an eating occasion that takes place at a certain time and includes prepared food.
Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is a therapeutic approach to treating medical conditions and their associated symptoms via the use of a specifically tailored diet devised and monitored by a medical doctor physician or registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN).
The Mediterranean diet is a diet inspired by the eating habits of Greece, Southern Italy, and Spain in the 1940s and 1950s.
A meta-analysis is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.
Micronutrients are essential elements required by organisms in small quantities throughout life to orchestrate a range of physiological functions to maintain health.
In biochemistry and nutrition, monounsaturated fatty acids (abbreviated MUFAs, or more plainly monounsaturated fats) are fatty acids that have one double bond in the fatty acid chain with all of the remainder carbon atoms being single-bonded.
A multivitamin is a preparation intended to serve as a dietary supplement - with vitamins, dietary minerals, and other nutritional elements.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) is the third largest Institute of the National Institutes of Health, located in Bethesda, Maryland, United States.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or gluten sensitivity is defined as "a clinical entity induced by the ingestion of gluten leading to intestinal and/or extraintestinal symptoms that improve once the gluten-containing foodstuff is removed from the diet, and celiac disease and wheat allergy have been excluded".
A nut is a fruit composed of an inedible hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
The nutrition facts label (also known as the nutrition information panel, and other slight variations) is a label required on most packaged food in many countries.
The oat (Avena sativa), sometimes called the common oat, is a species of cereal grain grown for its seed, which is known by the same name (usually in the plural, unlike other cereals and pseudocereals).
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Being overweight or fat is having more body fat than is optimally healthy.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Polyunsaturated fats are fats in which the constituent hydrocarbon chain possesses two or more carbon–carbon double bonds.
The World Health Organization has traditionally classified death according to the primary type of disease or injury.
Processed meat is considered to be any meat which has been modified in order either to improve its taste or to extend its shelf life.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
In gastronomy, red meat is commonly red when raw and a dark color after it is cooked, in contrast to white meat, which is pale in color before and after cooking.
Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
A saturated fat is a type of fat in which the fatty acid chains have all or predominantly single bonds.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Spelt (Triticum spelta; Triticum dicoccum), also known as dinkel wheat or hulled wheat, is a species of wheat cultivated since approximately 5000 BC.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
A sweetened beverage is any beverage with added sugar.
The tables below include tabular lists for selected basic foods, compiled from United States Dept.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.
Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.
Trans fat, also called trans-unsaturated fatty acids or trans fatty acids, are a type of unsaturated fat that occur in small amounts in nature but became widely produced industrially from vegetable fats starting in the 1950s for use in margarine, snack food, and packaged baked goods and for frying fast food.
Triticale (× Triticosecale), is a hybrid of wheat (Triticum) and rye (Secale) first bred in laboratories during the late 19th century in Scotland and Germany.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there is at least one double bond within the fatty acid chain.
Veganism is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of animals.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.
Vegetarianism is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat (red meat, poultry, seafood, and the flesh of any other animal), and may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter.
A vending machine is an automated machine that provides items such as snacks, beverages, cigarettes and lottery tickets to consumers after money, a credit card, or specially designed card is inserted into the machine.
Very low calorie diet (VLCD) is a diet with very or extremely low daily food energy consumption.
A vitamin is an organic molecule (or related set of molecules) which is an essential micronutrient - that is, a substance which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism - but cannot synthesize it (either at all, or in sufficient quantities), and therefore it must be obtained through the diet.
Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in the metabolism of every cell of the human body: it is a cofactor in DNA synthesis, and in both fatty acid and amino acid metabolism.
Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.
The Western pattern diet or Standard American Diet (SAD) is a modern dietary pattern that is generally characterized by high intakes of red and processed meat, butter, fried foods, high-fat dairy products, eggs, refined grains, potatoes, and high-sugar drinks.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
Wheat allergy is an allergy to wheat which typically presents itself as a food allergy, but can also be a contact allergy resulting from occupational exposure.
A whole grain is a grain of any cereal and pseudocereal that contains the endosperm, germ, and bran, in contrast to refined grains, which retain only the endosperm.
World Cancer Research Fund International is a not-for-profit association related to cancer prevention research related to diet, weight and physical activity.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.