294 relations: Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China, Agricultural University of Hebei, Ancestor veneration in China, Ancestral home, Ancestral shrine, Anci District, Anhui, Anji Bridge, Anxin County, Arch bridge, Associations of good-doing, Autonomous counties of the People's Republic of China, Baiyang Lake, Baoding, Battle of Guandu, Beidaihe District, Beidi, Beifudi, Beijing, Beijing Daxing International Airport, Beijing dialect, Beijing–Baotou railway, Beijing–Chengde railway, Beijing–Guangzhou railway, Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong high-speed railway, Beijing–Harbin railway, Beijing–Kowloon railway, Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway, Beijing–Shanghai railway, Beijing–Tongliao railway, Birth rate, Bohai Bay, Bohai Sea, Buddhism, Cang County, Cangzhou, Cao Cao, Cao Wei, Cash crop, Catholic Church, Central Institute for Correctional Police, Ceramic, Cereal, Chahar Province, Chang'an District, Shijiazhuang, Checked tone, Chengde, Chengde Medical 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Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China identify administrative divisions of the PRC at county level and above.
Agricultural University of Hebei is a university in Baoding, Hebei, China under the provincial government.
Chinese ancestor worship, or Chinese ancestor veneration, also called the Chinese patriarchal religion, is an aspect of the Chinese traditional religion which revolves around the ritual celebration of the deified ancestors and tutelary deities of people with the same surname organised into lineage societies in ancestral shrines.
An ancestral home is the place of origin of one's extended family, or the home owned and preserved by the same family for several generations.
An ancestral shrine, hall or temple, also called lineage temple, is a Chinese temple dedicated to deified ancestors and progenitors of surname lineages or families in the Chinese traditional religion.
Anci is a district of Langfang, Hebei, People's Republic of China.
Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country.
The Anji Bridge is the world's oldest open-spandrel segmental arch bridge of stone construction.
Anxin is a county in central Hebei province, China.
An arch bridge is a bridge with abutments at each end shaped as a curved arch.
The associations of good-doing are organised groups of the indigenous religion of Hebei province (河北民间宗教 Héběi mínjiān zōngjiào or 河北民间信仰 Héběi mínjiān xìnyǎng), or the "Pear Area" of China.
Autonomous counties and autonomous banners are autonomous administrative divisions of China.
Baiyang Lake, also known as Lake Baiyangdian, is located in the Xiong'an New Area of Baoding, a prefecture-level city in Hebei Province, China.
Baoding is a prefecture-level city in central Hebei province, approximately southwest of Beijing.
The Battle of Guandu was fought between the warlords Cao Cao and Yuan Shao in 200 AD in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
Beidaihe District is a popular beach resort and a district of the city of Qinhuangdao, Hebei province on China's Bohai Sea coast.
The Beidi, Northern Di, or Northern Barbarians were various ethnic groups who lived north of the Chinese (Huaxia) realms during the Zhou dynasty.
Beifudi is an archaeological site and Neolithic village in Yi County, Hebei, China.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Beijing Daxing International Airport (IATA: unknown; ICAO: unknown), located on the border of Beijing and Langfang, Hebei Province, is Beijing's second international airport and is currently under construction.
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China.
The Beijing–Baotou railway or Jingbao railway is an 833 km railway from Beijing to Baotou, Inner Mongolia in China.
The Beijing–Chengde railway or Jingcheng railway, is a railroad in northern China between Beijing, the national capital, and Chengde in Hebei Province.
The Beijing–Guangzhou railway or Jingguang railway is a major arterial railway that connects Beijing in the north with Guangzhou in the south.
The Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong high-speed railway or Jingguangshengang high-speed railway from its Chinese name is a high-speed railway corridor of the CRH passenger service, ultimately connecting Beijingxi Station in Beijing and Futian Station in Shenzhen.
The Beijing–Harbin railway, named the Jingha Railway, is the railway that connects Beijing with Harbin in Heilongjiang Province.
The Beijing–Jiujiang–Kowloon railway, also known as the Jingjiu railway is a railway in China connecting Beijing West Station in Beijing to Shenzhen Station in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province.
The Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway (or Jinghu high-speed railway, from its name in Mandarin) is a high-speed railway long that connects two major economic zones in the People's Republic of China: the Bohai Economic Rim and the Yangtze River Delta.
The Beijing–Shanghai railway or Jinghu railway is a railway line in China between Beijing and Shanghai.
The Beijing–Tongliao or Jingtong railway, also known as the Shahe–Tongliao or Shatong railway, is a railroad in northern China between Beijing, the national capital, and Tongliao in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or period.
Bohai Bay is one of the three bays forming the Bohai Gulf, the innermost gulf of the Yellow Sea, in northeast China.
The Bohai Sea or Bo Sea, also known as Bohai Gulf, Bo Gulf or Pohai Bay, is the innermost gulf of the Yellow Sea and Korea Bay on the coast of Northeastern and North China.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Cang County or Cangxian is a county of Hebei province, China.
Cangzhou is a prefecture-level city in eastern Hebei province, People's Republic of China.
Cao Cao (– 15 March 220), courtesy name Mengde, was a Chinese warlord and the penultimate Chancellor of the Eastern Han dynasty who rose to great power in the final years of the dynasty.
Wei (220–266), also known as Cao Wei, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).
A cash crop or profit crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Central Institute for Correctional Police (Chinese: 中央司法警官学院 Zhōngyāng sīfǎ jǐngguān xuéyuàn) is located in Baoding, Hebei, China, at the heart of Beijing-Tianjin-Shijiazhuang triangle area.
A ceramic is a non-metallic solid material comprising an inorganic compound of metal, non-metal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds.
A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.
Chahar (ᠴᠠᠬᠠᠷ Чахар), also known as Chaha'er, Chakhar, or Qahar, was a province of the Republic of China in existence from 1912 to 1936, mostly covering territory in what is part of eastern Inner Mongolia.
Chang'an District is in the northeast of the urban core of Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei province, China.
A checked tone, commonly known by its Chinese calque entering tone, is one of four syllable types in the phonology in Middle Chinese.
Chengde, previously known as Jehol or Rehe, is a prefecture-level city in Hebei province, situated northeast of Beijing.
Chengde Medical College is a university in Hebei, China under the provincial government.
The Mountain Resort in Chengde (Manchu: Halhūn be jailara gurung) or Ligong, is a large complex of imperial palaces and gardens situated in the city of Chengde in Hebei, China.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinese Buddhism or Han Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.
The Football Association of the People's Republic of China, or commonly known as the Chinese Football Association (CFA), is the governing body of football in the People's Republic of China.
Chinese lineage associations, also kinship or ancestral associations, are a type of social relationship institutions found in Han Chinese ethnic groups and the fundamental unit of Chinese ancestral religion.
Traditional Chinese opera, or Xiqu, is a popular form of drama and musical theatre in China with roots going back to the early periods in China.
The Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy (中国人民武装警察部队学院 Zhōngguórén mín wǔzhuāng jǐngchá bùduì xuéyuàn) is an academy in Langfang, Hebei, China which trains People's Armed Police Force officers.
Postal romanization was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s.
Chinese salvationist religions or Chinese folk religious sects are a Chinese religious tradition characterised by a concern for salvation (moral fulfillment) of the person and the society.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Congtai District is a district of the city of Handan, Hebei, People's Republic of China, with a population of 330,000 residing in an area of just.
Continental climates are defined in the Köppen climate classification as having the coldest month with the temperature never rising above 0.0° C (32°F) all month long.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.
A county-level municipality, county-level city, or county city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China.
Dachang Hui Autonomous County (Xiao'erjing: دَاچْا خُوِذُو ذِجِشِیًا) is a Hui autonomous county of Hebei province, China.
Dan ((Wade-Giles: tan), is the general name for female roles in Chinese opera, often referring to leading roles.
The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.
Dongyi Protectorate (东夷都护府) is a Tang dynasty protectorate in present-day Hebei Province and eastern Inner Mongolia.
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.
The Eastern Qing tombs are an imperial mausoleum complex of the Qing dynasty located in Zunhua, northeast of Beijing.
The Eastern Wei followed the disintegration of the Northern Wei, and ruled northern China from 534 to 550. As with Northern Wei, the ruling family of Eastern Wei were members of the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei. In 534 Gao Huan, the potentate of the eastern half of what was Northern Wei territory following the disintegration of the Northern Wei dynasty installed Yuan Shanjian a descendant of the Northern Wei as ruler of Eastern Wei. Yuan Shanjian was a puppet ruler as the real power lay in the hands of Gao Huan. Several military campaigns were launched against the neighboring Western Wei in an attempt to reunify the territory once held by the Northern Wei, however these campaigns were not successful, and in 547 Gao Huan died. His sons Gao Cheng and Gao Yang were able to pursue his policy of controlling the emperor, but in 550 Gao Yang deposed Yuan Shanjian and founded his own dynasty, the Northern Qi.
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An Ethnic township is a fourth-level administrative unit designated for ethnic minorities of political divisions in China.
Feng Dao (882History of the Five Dynasties, vol. 126.-May 21, 954.
The Fengtai–Shacheng railway, also known as the Fengsha railway, is a dual-track, electrified, railroad in northern China.
The First Zhili–Fengtian War (First Chihli-Fengtien War) was a 1922 conflict in the Republic of China's Warlord Era between the Zhili and Fengtian cliques for control of Beijing.
The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period was an era of political upheaval in 10th-century Imperial China.
China's Five-Year Plans are a series of social and economic development initiatives.
The Former Qin (351-394) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms in eastern Asia, mainly China.
The Former Yan (337-370) was a state of Xianbei ethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.
Gongsun Zan (died March 199), courtesy name Bogui, was a military general and warlord who lived during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe with an eye to expansion.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
The Hai River (lit."Sea River"), formerly known as the Peiho, Pei He or ("White River"), is a Chinese river connecting Beijing to Tianjin and the Bohai Sea.
Haigang is a district of the coastal city of Qinhuangdao, Hebei province, People's Republic of China.
The Han Chinese,.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
Handan is a prefecture-level city located in the southwestern part of Hebei province, China.
Handan College (Hándān xuéyuàn) is a university based in Handan, Hebei province, People's Republic of China.
Hebei China Fortune Football Club is a professional Chinese football club that participates in the Chinese Super League division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).
Hebei Elite Football Club are a China League Two club.
Hebei GEO University, previously named Shijiazhuang University of Economics is an university in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.
Hebei Institute of Architecture and Civil Engineering (河北建筑工程学院 Héběi jiànzhù gōngchéngxué yuàn) is a university in Hebei, China under the provincial government.
The Hebei Institute of Physical Education (河北体育学院 Héběi tǐyù xuéyuàn) is a sports institute in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.
Hebei Medical University is a university in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, People's Republic of China, under the provincial government.
Hebei Normal University is a university in Shijiazhuang, Hebei province, China.
Hebei Normal University of Science and Technology (河北科技师范学院 Héběi kējì shīfàn xuéyuàn) is a university in Hebei, China under the provincial government.
Hebei North University (abbreviation: HBNU or HebeiNU;; Héběi běifāng xuéyuàn) is a multi-faculty university in Zhangjiakou, Hebei, China under the provincial government.
Hebei people are a Mandarin-speaking people of North China from Hebei province.
Hebei Television (HEBTV), is a television network in Hebei province and all parts of the Beijing and Tianjin television viewing areas.
Hebei University (河北大学 Héběi dàxué) is the only Comprehensive University in Hebei which is directly under Hebei provincial government and the Ministry of Education, China.
Hebei University of Economics and Business (河北经贸大学 Héběi jīngmào dàxué) is a university in Hebei, China under the provincial government.
Hebei University of Engineering is a provincial university based in Handan, Hebei, China.
Hebei University of Science and Technology (HEBUST) is one of the key, multi-disciplinary universities in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.
Hebei University of Technology (HEBUT) is a public university whose main campus lies in the Guangrong Dao neighborhood of the Hongqiao District in Tianjin, China.
Hebi (postal: Hopi) is a prefecture-level city in northern Henan province, China.
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Hengshui is a prefecture-level city in southern Hebei province, People's Republic of China, bordering Shandong to the southeast.
Hengshui University is a university in Hengshui, Hebei province, People's Republic of China, established by the provincial government.
Homo erectus (meaning "upright man") is an extinct species of archaic humans that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.
The Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC; Chinese: 香港貿易發展局) is a statutory body established in 1966 as the international marketing arm for Hong Kong-based manufacturers, traders and service providers.
Huanghua is a county-level city located in the Bohai Gulf coastal region of Hebei province, China.
Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the Central China region.
The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.
In anthropology and demography, the human sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
Inner Mongolia, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Ѳвѳр Монголын Ѳѳртѳѳ Засах Орон in Mongolian Cyrillic), is one of the autonomous regions of China, located in the north of the country.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Ji Province, also known by its Chinese name Jizhou, was one of the Nine Provinces of ancient China.
Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.
Jilu or Ji–Lu Mandarin, formerly known as Beifang Mandarin "Northern Mandarin", is a dialect of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the Chinese provinces of Hebei (Jì) and the western part of Shandong (Lǔ).
Jin (Old Chinese: *), originally known as Tang (唐), was a major state during the middle part of the Zhou dynasty, based near the centre of what was then China, on the lands attributed to the legendary Xia dynasty: the southern part of modern Shanxi.
Jin is a group of Chinese dialects or languages spoken by roughly 63 million people in northern China.
The Jin dynasty, officially known as the Great Jin, lasted from 1115 to 1234 as one of the last dynasties in Chinese history to predate the Mongol invasion of China.
The Jin dynasty or the Jin Empire (sometimes distinguished as the or) was a Chinese dynasty traditionally dated from 266 to 420.
Map showing the Song-Jurchen Jin wars The Jin–Song Wars were a series of conflicts between the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234) and Han Chinese Song dynasty (960–1279).
The Jingkang Incident, also known as the Humiliation of Jingkang and the Disorders of the Jingkang Period took place in 1127 during the Jin–Song Wars when the forces of the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty besieged and sacked Bianjing (present-day Kaifeng), the capital of the Han Chinese-led Song dynasty.
Jingxiu District (formerly Xinshi District, is a district of Baoding, Hebei, China.
The Kailuan (Group) Co., Ltd. is a major coal mining company in China.
Khanbaliq or Dadu was the capital of the Yuan dynasty, the main center of the Mongol Empire founded by Kublai Khan in what is now Beijing, also the capital of China today.
The Khitan people were a nomadic people from Northeast Asia who, from the 4th century, inhabited an area corresponding to parts of modern Mongolia, Northeast China and the Russian Far East.
The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
Langfang, is a prefecture-level city of Hebei Province, which was known as Tianjin Prefecture until 1973.
Langfang Teachers College (廊坊师范学院 Lángfāng shīfàn xuéyuàn) is a university in Hebei, China under the provincial government.
The Later Jìn (936–947), also called Shi Jin (石晉), was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China.
Tang, known in history as Later Tang, was a short-lived imperial dynasty that lasted from 923 to 937 during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in the history of China.
The Later Yan (384-407 or 409) was a Murong–Xianbei state, located in modern-day northeast China, during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.
The Later Zhao (319-351) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China.
A league (ayimaγ Aimag; historically, čiγulγan Qûûlgan) is an administrative unit of the autonomous region of Inner Mongolia in the People's Republic of China.
Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang, personal name Li Cunxu, nickname Yazi (亞子), was the Prince of Jin (908–923) and later became Emperor of Later Tang (923–926), of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period of Chinese history.
The Liao dynasty (Khitan: Mos Jælud), also known as the Liao Empire, officially the Great Liao, or the Khitan (Qidan) State (Khitan: Mos diau-d kitai huldʒi gur), was an empire in East Asia that ruled from 907 to 1125 over present-day Mongolia and portions of the Russian Far East, northern China, and northeastern Korea.
Liaoning is a province of China, located in the northeast of the country.
Linzhang County is a county of far southern Hebei province, China, named after the Zhang River within its borders.
Multiple ethnic groups populate China, where "China" is taken to mean areas controlled by either of the two states using "China" in their formal names, the People's Republic of China (China) and the Republic of China (Taiwan).
This list is of Major Sites Protected for their Historical and Cultural Value at the National Level in the Province of Hebei, People's Republic of China.
This is a list of prisons within Hebei province of the People's Republic of China.
There are two articles listing countries according to their per capita GDP.
The Luan River (formerly known as Lei Shui, or Ru Shui) is a river in China.
Lunan District is a district of Tangshan, Hebei, China.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
Manchuria is a name first used in the 17th century by Chinese people to refer to a large geographic region in Northeast Asia.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
Middle Chinese (formerly known as Ancient Chinese) or the Qieyun system (QYS) is the historical variety of Chinese recorded in the Qieyun, a rime dictionary first published in 601 and followed by several revised and expanded editions.
Millets (/ˈmɪlɪts/) are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The Ming Great Wall (明長城; Ming changcheng), built by the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), forms the most visible parts of the Great Wall of China today.
The Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA) is a ministry in the State Council of the People's Republic of China, responsible for social and administrative affairs.
The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.
Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
The National Basketball League is a professional basketball minor league in China, called Chinese Basketball League (CBL) before 2006.
The National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China or NBS is an agency directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the People's Republic of China at the national and local levels.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
North China (literally "China's north") is a geographical region of China, lying North of the Qinling Huaihe Line.
North China Coal Medical University (华北煤炭医学院 Huáběi méitàn yīxuéyuàn) is a university in Tangshan, Hebei Province, China.
North China Electric Power University (NCEPU) is a national Project 211 key university based in Beijing, China under the national Ministry of Education that specialises in polytechnic disciplines.
The North China Institute of Science and Technology (华北科技学院 Huáběi kējì xuéyuàn) is a university in Beijing, China which was founded in 1984.
The North China Plain is based on the deposits of the Yellow River and is the largest alluvial plain of China.
Northeast China or Dongbei is a geographical region of China.
The Northern and Southern dynasties was a period in the history of China that lasted from 420 to 589, following the tumultuous era of the Sixteen Kingdoms and the Wu Hu states.
The Northern Expedition was a military campaign launched by the National Revolutionary Army of the Kuomintang (KMT), also known as the Nationalists, against the Beiyang government and other regional warlords in 1926.
The Northern Qi was one of the Northern dynasties of Chinese history and ruled northern China from 550 to 577.
The Northern Wei or the Northern Wei Empire, also known as the Tuoba Wei (拓跋魏), Later Wei (後魏), or Yuan Wei (元魏), was a dynasty founded by the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei, which ruled northern China from 386 to 534 (de jure until 535), during the period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties.
Northwestern China includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai.
In modern Chinese politics, a Party Committee Secretary, commonly translated as Party Secretary, party chief, or party boss, is the leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC) organization in a province, city, or other administrative region.
The peanut, also known as the groundnut or the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.
Peking Man, Homo erectus pekinensis (formerly known by the junior synonym Sinanthropus pekinensis), is an example of Homo erectus.
Peking opera, or Beijing opera, is a form of Chinese opera which combines music, vocal performance, mime, dance and acrobatics.
The People's Daily or Renmin Ribao is the biggest newspaper group in China.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
Pingju or Ping Opera (p píngjù) is a form of Chinese opera from northern China.
Pingshan County, Hebei is a county of Hebei, China.
The politics of Hebei Province in the People's Republic of China is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.
Pompeii was an ancient Roman city near modern Naples in the Campania region of Italy, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.
The Port of Jingtang (京唐港) is an artificial deep-water international seaport on the coast of Tangshan Municipality, Hebei, in Northern China.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
A prefectural-level municipality, prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-controlled city from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure.
An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing.
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.
Puning Temple, may refer to.
Qian'an is a city in the northeastern part of Hebei province in North China.
Qiaodong District is a district of Xingtai, Hebei, China.
Qiaoxi District is a district of the city of Zhangjiakou, Hebei, People's Republic of China.
The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Qinghe County is located in Xingtai, Hebei province, China.
Qinhuangdao (秦皇岛) is a port city on the coast of China in northeastern Hebei province.
Quyang County is under the administration of Baoding City, Hebei province, China.
Rehe (ᠬᠠᠯᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠭᠣᠣᠯ), also known as Jehol, is a former Chinese special administrative region and province.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
Sanhe is a county-level city administered by Langfang prefecture in eastern Hebei province, People's Republic of China.
The Second Zhili–Fengtian War (Second Chihli-Fengtien War) of 1924 was a conflict between the Japanese-backed Fengtian clique based in Manchuria, and the more liberal Zhili clique controlling Beijing and backed by Anglo-American business interests.
The secondary sector of the economy includes industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction.
Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne.
Shandong (formerly romanized as Shantung) is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
Shanhai Pass is one of the major passes in the Great Wall of China.
Shanhaiguan District, formerly Shan-hai-kwan or Shan-hai-kuan, is a district of the city of Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province, China, named after the pass of the Great Wall within the district, Shanhai Pass.
Shanxi (postal: Shansi) is a province of China, located in the North China region.
Shi Jingtang (石敬瑭) (30 March 892 – 28 July 942Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 283.), also known by his temple name Gaozu (高祖), was the founding emperor of imperial China's short-lived Later Jin during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, reigning from 936 until his death.
Shijiazhuang is the capital and largest city of North China's Hebei Province.
Shijiazhuang Ever Bright Football Club is a professional football club that currently participates in the China League One under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA).
Shijiazhuang Railway Institute (石家庄铁道学院 Shíjiāzhuāng tiědào xuéyuàn) is a university in Hebei, China under the provincial government.
Shijiazhuang University (石家庄学院 Shíjiāzhuāng xuéyuàn) is a university in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.
Shijiazhuang Zhengding International Airport is the primary airport serving Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei province, China.
The Shitai passenger railway is a high-speed railway in China, running from Shijiazhuang to Taiyuan at. The railway opened on April 1, 2009. The railway crosses the Taihang mountain range through the Taihang Tunnel, which, at almost long, is the longest railway tunnel in China.
Shuangqiao District is a district of Chengde, Hebei, China.
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China.
The Sixteen Kingdoms, less commonly the Sixteen States, was a chaotic period in Chinese history from 304 CE to 439 CE when the political order of northern China fractured into a series of short-lived sovereign states, most of which were founded by the "Five Barbarians" who had settled in northern China during the preceding centuries and participated in the overthrow of the Western Jin dynasty in the early 4th century.
The Sixteen Prefectures, more specifically the Sixteen Prefectures of Yan and Yun or the Sixteen Prefectures of You and Ji, comprise a historical region in northern China along the Great Wall in present-day Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities and northern Hebei and Shanxi Province, that were ceded by the Shatuo Turk Emperor Shi Jingtang of the Later Jin to the Khitan Liao dynasty in 938.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae.
The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.
The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC) which corresponds roughly to the first half of the Eastern Zhou Period.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
Subdistrict is a low-level administrative division of a district.
The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance.
The Taihang Mountains are a Chinese mountain range running down the eastern edge of the Loess Plateau in Shanxi, Henan and Hebei provinces.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Tangshan is a largely industrial prefecture-level city in northeastern Hebei province, China.
Tangshan College (唐山学院 Tángshān xuéyuàn) is a college in Hebei, China under the provincial government.
Tangshan Teachers' College (唐山师范学院 Tángshān shīfàn xuéyuàn) is a college in Hebei, China under the provincial government.
Taocheng District is district of Hengshui, Hebei province, China.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).
Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the four national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,469,500, and is also the world's 11th-most populous city proper.
Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia.
A tomb (from τύμβος tumbos) is a repository for the remains of the dead.
When referring to political divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (traditional: 鎮). The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China currently classifies towns as third-level administrative units, along with townships and ethnic minority townships (The State Council, 2014).
Townships, formally township-level divisions, are the basic level (fourth-level administrative units) of political divisions in China.
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
Wang Dongfeng (born February 1958) is a Chinese politician and current Communist Party Secretary of Hebei province.
A warlord is a leader able to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state due to their ability to mobilize loyal armed forces.
The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.
The Western Qing tombs are located some southwest of Beijing in Yi County, Hebei Province.
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Wu Sangui (courtesy name Changbai (長白) or Changbo (長伯); 1612 – 2 October 1678) was a Chinese military general who was instrumental in the fall of the Ming Dynasty and the establishment of the Qing Dynasty in 1644.
Xianghe County is a county of central Hebei province, People's Republic of China.
Xibaipo is a township-level division of Pingshan County, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.
Xingtai is a prefecture-level city in southern Hebei province, People's Republic of China.
Xingtai University (邢台学院 Xíngtái xuéyuàn) is a university in Hebei, China under the provincial government.
Xu Qin (born October 1961) is a Chinese politician, and the current Governor of Hebei.
Yan (Old Chinese pronunciation: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty.
The Yan Mountains, also known by their Chinese name Yanshan, are a major mountain range to the north of the North China Plain, principally in the province of Hebei.
Yan Yuan ((1635 - 1704), courtesy name Yizhi or Hunran, art name Xizhai founded the practical school of Confucianism to contrast with the more ethereal Neo-Confucianism that had been popular in China for the previous six centuries. Like the Han learning scholars, he rejected the abstract metaphysics of the Neo-Confucians. However, he considered Han learning as too obsessed with philology and textual criticism and not enough emphasis on pragmatism. His school promoted the Six Arts. He was born on April 27, 1635 in the Zhili province (now called Hebei) in China and spent his youth in poverty, after his father was taken into the Manchu army and never returned. He died on September 30, 1704 in the same province. The ideas of Yan Yuan were developed by his disciple Li Gong:zh:李塨 (Yan-Li school). Yan's intellectual heritage was addressed by Wu Han in the 20th century. Wu elaborated on the Yan's concept of the relation between history and the present.
Yanshan University is a university in Qinhuangdao, Hebei, China under the provincial government.
The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in Asia, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of.
The Yellow Sea or West Sea is located between China and Korea.
Yi County or Yixian is a county in Hebei province of China, administratively under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Baoding.
You Prefecture or Province, also known by its Chinese name Youzhou, was a prefecture (zhou) in northern China during its imperial era.
Yu County, also known by its Chinese name Yuxian, is a county under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Zhangjiakou in northwestern Hebei province, China.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Yuan Shao (died 28 June 202), courtesy name Benchu, was a warlord who lived in the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.
Yunhe District is a district of Cangzhou, Hebei, China.
Zailiism (在理教, the "Way of the Abiding Principle") or Liism (理教), also known as the Baiyidao (白衣道 "White-Clad Way") or Bafangdao (八方道 "Octagonal Way"), is a Chinese folk religious sect of north China, founded in the 17th century by Yang Zai.
Zhang is the pinyin romanization of the very common Chinese surname written 张 in simplified characters and 張 in traditional characters.
Zhangjiakou also known by several other names, is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Hebei province in Northern China, bordering Beijing to the southeast, Inner Mongolia to the north and west, and Shanxi to the southwest.
Zhao was one of the seven major states during the Warring States period of ancient China.
Zhao County (Zhaoxian), a historic town called Zhaozhou (赵州) in the past, is located in Hebei 40 km southeast of the provincial capital Shijiazhuang, and 280 km south of Beijing.
Zhili, formerly romanized as Chihli, was a northern province of China from the 14th-century Ming Dynasty until the province was dissolved in 1928 during the Warlord Era.
The Zhili–Anhui War was a 1920 conflict in the Republic of China's Warlord Era between the Zhili and Anhui cliques for control of the Beiyang government.
Zhongshan was a small state that existed during the Warring States period, which managed to survive for almost 120 years despite its small size.
Zhou were historical political divisions of China.
The Zhuang people are an ethnic group who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.
Zunhua is a county-level city under the administration of Tangshan, Hebei, China.
The Tangshan earthquake, also known as the Great Tangshan earthquake,Zschau, Jochen.
2018 Women's Bandy World Championship was held in China, in the city of Chengde on 9–13 January 2018.
CN-13, CN-HE, Chi-li, Chih-Li, Chih-li, Hebei Province, Hebei Province, China, Hebei province, Hebei, China, Heibei, Heibei Province, Heibei province, Ho-pei, Hopeh, Hopeh Province, Hopeh province, Hopei, Hopei province, Hébei, Héběi, Héběidào, Jhihli, Jì, North of the Huang He, North of the Yellow River, 冀, 河北, 河北省.