201 relations: Aileron, Air Enthusiast, Air gunner, Air supremacy, Air-to-ground weaponry, Airborne forces, Airliner, Albert Kesselring, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allies of World War II, Anatomical terms of location, Anti-ship missile, Arado Ar 234, Arado Flugzeugwerke, Arctic naval operations of World War II, Astrakhan, Baku, Barrage balloon, Battle of Britain, Battle of Stalingrad, Battle of the Atlantic, Bäumer Sausewind, Big Week, Bloch MB.210, BMW, BMW VI, Boeing 247, Bomb bay, Bomber, Bomber B, Bombsight, Brandenburg, Bulgarian Air Force, Bulletproof glass, Caproni Ca.135, Carbon monoxide, CASA 2.111, Caucasus, Cockpit, Condor Legion, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA, Czechoslovak Air Force, Daimler-Benz, Daimler-Benz DB 600, Daimler-Benz DB 601, Demyansk Pocket, Dessau, Deutsche Luft Hansa, Development of Chinese Nationalist air force (1937–45), Diol, ..., Dornier Do 17, Dornier Flugzeugwerke, Douglas DC-2, Eastern Front (World War II), Elliptical wing, Eric Brown (pilot), Erich Warsitz, Ernst Heinkel, European theatre of World War II, Exhaust system, Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, Field of fire (weaponry), Fighter aircraft, Firth of Forth, Flap (aeronautics), Flare, Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor, Fuel tank, FuG 200 Hohentwiel, Fuselage, German re-armament, Gondola (airplane), Gotha Go 242, Gull wing, Heinkel, Heinkel He 119, Heinkel He 177, Heinkel He 70, Hellmuth Walter, Henschel Hs 293, Horsepower, Hungarian Air Force, Ilyushin Il-4, Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, Incendiary device, Internal combustion engine cooling, Invasion of Poland, Junkers, Junkers Ju 188, Junkers Ju 388, Junkers Ju 86, Junkers Ju 87, Junkers Ju 88, Junkers Ju 90, Junkers Jumo 205, Junkers Jumo 211, Junkers Jumo 213, Kampfgeschwader 100, Kampfgeschwader 4, Kampfgeschwader 53, Kampfgeschwader 54, Kiel, Kriegsmarine, Leading edge, Lightening holes, List of aircraft of World War II, List of bomber aircraft, List of military aircraft of Germany, Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior, Logistics, Longeron, Lotfernrohr 7, Luftwaffe, Luftwaffe radio equipment of World War II, Machine gun, Madrid, Malta, Martin B-26 Marauder, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Medium bomber, Messerschmitt, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Messerschmitt Bf 110, Messerschmitt Me 321, MG 131 machine gun, MG 15, MG 151 cannon, MG 17 machine gun, MG 81 machine gun, MG FF cannon, Military glider, Military transport aircraft, Ministry of Aviation (Nazi Germany), Mitsubishi G4M, Modular design, Museo del Aire (Madrid), Nacelle, Naval mine, Neuhardenberg, North American B-25 Mitchell, Norwegian Armed Forces Aircraft Collection, Nose gunner, Oranienburg, Oslo Airport, Gardermoen, Parachute, Paratrooper, Power-egg, Prototype, PZL.37 Łoś, Radar altimeter, Rüstsatz, Rechlin–Lärz Airfield, Reconnaissance aircraft, Reichsmark, Reichswehr, Rib (aeronautics), Rolls-Royce Merlin, Rostock, Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force Museum, Royal Norwegian Air Force, Royal Romanian Air Force, Savoia-Marchetti SM.79, Savoia-Marchetti SM.81, SC1000 bomb, Siegfried and Walter Günter, Slovak Air Force (1939–45), Slovak Republic (1939–1945), South Africa, Soviet Air Forces, Soviet Union, Spain, Spanish Air Force, Spanish Civil War, Spar (aeronautics), Stepless cockpit, Strategic bomber, Supercharger, Swept wing, Torpedo, Torpedo bomber, Trailing edge, Trainer aircraft, Treaty of Versailles, Turkey, Turkish Air Force, Twin-fuselage aircraft, United States Army Air Forces, United States Naval Institute, V-1 flying bomb, Variable-pitch propeller, Vickers Wellington, Walter HWK 109-500, Warnemünde, Western Front (World War II), Wingspan, Wismar, World War I, World War II, Wright Cyclone series, 7.92×57mm Mauser. Expand index (151 more) » « Shrink index
An aileron (French for "little wing" or "fin") is a hinged flight control surface usually forming part of the trailing edge of each wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.
Air Enthusiast was a British, bi-monthly, aviation magazine, published by the Key Publishing group.
An air gunner also known as aerial gunner is a member of an air force aircrew who operates flexible-mount or turret-mounted machine guns or autocannons in an aircraft.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
Air-to-ground weaponry is aircraft ordnance used by combat aircraft to attack ground targets.
Airborne Military parachuting or gliding form of inserting personnel or supplies.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
Albert Kesselring (30 November 1885 – 16 July 1960) was a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War II.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.
Anti-ship missiles are guided missiles that are designed for use against ships and large boats.
The Arado Ar 234 Blitz (English: lightning) was the world's first operational jet-powered bomber, built by the German Arado company in the closing stages of World War II.
Arado Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer, originally established as the Warnemünde factory of the Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen firm, that produced land-based military aircraft and seaplanes during the First World War.
The Arctic Circle defining the "midnight sun" encompasses the Atlantic Ocean from the northern edge of Iceland to the Bering Strait.
Astrakhan (p) is a city in southern Russia and the administrative center of Astrakhan Oblast.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
A barrage balloon is a large kite balloon used to defend against aircraft attack by raising aloft cables which pose a collision risk, making the attacker's approach more difficult.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
The Bäumer B II "Sausewind" was a light sports tandem two-seat wooden cantilever monoplane.
Big Week or Operation Argument was a sequence of raids by the United States Strategic Air Forces (USSTAF) from 20 to 25 February 1944, as part of the European strategic bombing campaign against Nazi Germany.
BMW (Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces luxury automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945.
The BMW VI was a water-cooled V-12 aircraft engine built in Germany in the 1920s.
The Boeing Model 247 was an early United States airliner, considered the first such aircraft to fully incorporate advances such as all-metal (anodized aluminium) semimonocoque construction, a fully cantilevered wing and retractable landing gear.
The bomb bay or weapons bay on some military aircraft is a compartment to carry bombs, usually in the aircraft's fuselage, with "bomb bay doors" which open at the bottom.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
Bomber B was a German military aircraft design competition organised just before the start of World War II to develop a second-generation high-speed bomber for the Luftwaffe.
A bombsight is a device used by military aircraft to accurately drop bombs.
Brandenburg (Brannenborg, Lower Sorbian: Bramborska, Braniborsko) is one of the sixteen federated states of Germany.
The Bulgarian Air Force (Voennovëzdušni sili) is one of the three branches of the Military of Bulgaria, the other two being the Bulgarian Navy and Bulgarian land forces.
Bulletproof glass (also known as ballistic glass, transparent armor, or bullet-resistant glass) is a type of strong but optically transparent material that is particularly resistant to being penetrated when struck.
The Caproni Ca.135 was an Italian medium bomber designed in Bergamo in Italy by Cesare Pallavicino.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
The CASA 2.111 was a medium bomber derived from the Heinkel He 111 and produced in Spain under licence by Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA).
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft or spacecraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft.
The Condor Legion (Legion Condor) was a unit composed of military personnel from the air force and army of Nazi Germany, which served with the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War of July 1936 to March 1939.
Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) was a Spanish aircraft manufacturer that was founded in 1923 and began manufacturing aircraft the following year.
The Czechoslovak Air Force (Československé letectvo) or the Czechoslovak Army Air Force (Československé vojenské letectvo) was the air force branch of the Czechoslovak Army formed in October 1918.
Daimler-Benz AG was a German manufacturer of motor vehicles and internal combustion engines, which was founded in 1926.
The Daimler-Benz DB 600 was a German aircraft engine designed and built before World War II as part of a new generation of German engine technology.
The Daimler-Benz DB 601 was a German aircraft engine built during World War II.
The Demyansk Pocket (Festung Demjansk or Kessel von Demjansk; Демя́нский котёл) was the name given to the pocket of German troops encircled by the Red Army around Demyansk, south of Leningrad, during World War II on the Eastern Front.
Dessau is a town and former municipality in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony-Anhalt.
Deutsche Luft Hansa A.G. (from 1933 styled as Deutsche Lufthansa and also known as Luft Hansa, Lufthansa, or DLH) was a German airline, serving as flag carrier of the country during the later years of the Weimar Republic and throughout Nazi Germany.
The Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) was formed by the Kuomintang after the establishment of the Aviation Ministry in 1920.
A diol or glycol is a chemical compound containing two hydroxyl groups (−OH groups).
The Dornier Do 17, sometimes referred to as the Fliegender Bleistift ("flying pencil"), was a light bomber of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Dornier Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer founded in Friedrichshafen in 1914 by Claude Dornier.
The Douglas DC-2 is a 14-seat, twin-engined airliner that was produced by the American company Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
An elliptical wing is a wing planform whose leading and trailing edges each approximate two segments of an ellipse.
Captain Eric Melrose "Winkle" Brown, CBE, DSC, AFC, Hon FRAeS, RN (21 January 1919 – 21 February 2016) was a British Royal Navy officer and test pilot who flew 487 types of aircraft, more than anyone else in history.
Erich Warsitz (18 October 1906, Hattingen, Westphalia – 12 July 1983) was a German test pilot of the 1930s.
The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).
An exhaust system is usually piping used to guide reaction exhaust gases away from a controlled combustion inside an engine or stove.
The Fédération aéronautique internationale (FAI; The World Air Sports Federation), is the world governing body for air sports.
The field of fire of a weapon (or group of weapons) is the area around it that can easily and effectively be reached by gunfire.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
The Firth of Forth (Linne Foirthe) is the estuary (firth) of several Scottish rivers including the River Forth.
Flaps are a type of high-lift device used to increase the lift of an aircraft wing at a given airspeed.
A flare, also sometimes called a fusee, is a type of pyrotechnic that produces a brilliant light or intense heat without an explosion.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor, also known as Kurier to the Allies, was a German all-metal four-engined monoplane originally developed by Focke-Wulf as a long-range airliner.
A fuel tank (or petrol tank) is a safe container for flammable fluids.
The FuG 200 "Hohentwiel" was a low-UHF band frequency maritime patrol radar system of the Luftwaffe in World War II.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
The German rearmament (Aufrüstung) was an era of rearmament in Germany during the interwar period (1918–1939), in violation of the Treaty of Versailles.
Gondola is the general term for the usually-armored ventral casemate-style positions used on many World War II-era military bomber aircraft, especially on German designs, where they were usually known as Bodenlafette, often shortened to Bola (from German Boden, 'floor', + Lafette 'gun carriage or mounting', from French l'affût, gun carriage).
The Gotha Go 242 was a transport glider used by the Luftwaffe during World War II.
The gull wing is an aircraft wing configuration with a prominent bend in the wing inner section towards the wing root.
Heinkel Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturing company founded by and named after Ernst Heinkel.
The Heinkel He 119 was an experimental single-propeller monoplane with two coupled engines, developed in Germany.
The Heinkel He 177 Greif ("Griffin") was a large, long-range heavy bomber flown by the Luftwaffe during World War II.
The Heinkel He 70 is a German mail plane and fast passenger aircraft of the 1930s which was also used in auxiliary bomber and aerial reconnaissance roles.
Hellmuth Walter (26 August 1900 – 16 December 1980) was a German engineer who pioneered research into rocket engines and gas turbines.
The Henschel Hs 293 was a World War II German anti-ship guided missile: a radio controlled glide bomb with a rocket engine slung underneath it.
Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).
The Hungarian Air Force (Magyar Légierő) is the air force branch of the Hungarian Defence Forces.
The Ilyushin Il-4 (Cyrillic Илью́шин Ил-4, NATO reporting name: "Bob"Gunston 1995, p. XXX.) was a Soviet World War II bomber aircraft, widely used by the Soviet Air Force (VVS, Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily).
The or, more literally, the Greater Japan Empire Army Air Corps, was the aviation force of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).
Incendiary weapons, incendiary devices or incendiary bombs are weapons designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using fire (and sometimes used as anti-personnel weaponry), that use materials such as napalm, thermite, magnesium powder, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus.
Internal combustion engine cooling uses either air or a liquid to remove the waste heat from an internal combustion engine.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG (JFM, earlier JCO or JKO in World War I), more commonly Junkers, was a major German aircraft and aircraft engine manufacturer.
The Junkers Ju 188 was a German Luftwaffe high-performance medium bomber built during World War II, the planned follow-up to the Ju 88 with better performance and payload.
The Junkers Ju 388 Störtebeker is a World War II German Luftwaffe multi-role aircraft based on the Ju 88 airframe by way of the Ju 188.
The Junkers Ju 86 was a German monoplane bomber and civilian airliner designed in the early 1930s, and employed by various air forces on both sides during World War II.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft.
The Junkers Ju 90 was a 40-seat, four-engine airliner developed for and used by Deutsche Luft Hansa shortly before World War II.
The Junkers Jumo 205 aircraft engine was the most famous of a series of aircraft Diesel engines that were the first, and for more than half a century the only successful aviation Diesel powerplants.
The Jumo 211 was an inverted V-12 aircraft engine, Junkers Motoren's primary aircraft engine of World War II.
The Junkers Jumo 213 was a World War II-era V-12 liquid-cooled aircraft engine, a development of Junkers Motoren's earlier design, the Jumo 211.
Kampfgeschwader 100 (KG 100) was a Luftwaffe medium and heavy bomber wing of World War II, and the first military aviation unit to use an unpowered precision-guided munition in combat to sink a warship on 9 September 1943 with the destruction of the, in the first successful use of the Fritz X armor-piercing, gravity PGM ordnance.
Kampfgeschwader 4 "General Wever" (KG 4) (Battle Wing 4) was a Luftwaffe bomber wing during World War II.
Kampfgeschwader 53 "Legion Condor" (KG 53; English: Condor Legion) was a Luftwaffe bomber wing during World War II.
Kampfgeschwader 54 "Totenkopf"() (KG 54) was a Luftwaffe bomber wing during World War II.
Kiel is the capital and most populous city in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein, with a population of 249,023 (2016).
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
The leading edge is the part of the wing that first contacts the air;Crane, Dale: Dictionary of Aeronautical Terms, third edition, page 305.
Lightening holes are holes in structural components of machines and buildings used by a variety of engineering disciplines to make structures lighter.
The List of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries, which were at war during World War II from the period between their joining the conflict and the conflict ending for them.
The following is a list of bomber aircraft, organized by era and manufacturer.
This list of military aircraft of Germany includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types.
The Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior, more commonly known as the Lockheed 12 or L-12, is an eight-seat, six-passenger all-metal twin-engine transport aircraft of the late 1930s designed for use by small airlines, companies, and wealthy private individuals.
Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.
In engineering, a longeron is a load-bearing component of a framework.
The Carl Zeiss Lotfernrohr 7 (Lot meant "Vertical" and Fernrohr meant "Telescope"), or Lotfe 7, was the primary series of bombsights used in most Luftwaffe level bombers, similar to the United States' Norden bombsight, but much simpler to operate and maintain.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
During World War II, the German Luftwaffe relied on an increasingly diverse array of electronic communications, IFF and RDF equipment as avionics in its aircraft and also on the ground.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Martin B-26 Marauder was an American World War II twin-engined medium bomber built by the Glenn L. Martin Company in Middle River, Maryland (just east of Baltimore) from 1941 to 1945.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
A medium bomber is a military bomber aircraft designed to operate with medium-sized bombloads over medium range distances; the name serves to distinguish this type from larger heavy bombers and smaller light bombers.
Messerschmitt AG was a German aircraft manufacturing corporation (AG) named after its chief designer Willy Messerschmitt and known primarily for its World War II fighter aircraft, in particular the Bf 109 and Me 262.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force.
--> The Messerschmitt Bf 110, often known non-officially as the Me 110, was a twin-engine heavy fighter (Zerstörer—German for "Destroyer") and fighter-bomber (Jagdbomber or Jabo) developed in Nazi Germany in the 1930s and used by the Luftwaffe during World War II.
The Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant was a large German cargo glider developed and used during World War II.
The MG 131 (shortened from German: Maschinengewehr 131, or "Machine gun 131") was a German 13 mm caliber machine gun developed in 1938 by Rheinmetall-Borsig and produced from 1940 to 1945.
The MG 15 was a German 7.92 mm machine gun designed specifically as a hand manipulated defensive gun for combat aircraft during the early 1930s.
The MG 151 (MG 151/15) was a 15 mm aircraft-mounted autocannon produced by Waffenfabrik Mauser during World War II.
The MG 17 was a 7.92 mm machine gun produced by Rheinmetall-Borsig for use at fixed mountings in many World War II Luftwaffe aircraft, typically as forward-firing offensive armament.
The MG 81 was a German belt fed 7.92 mm machine gun, used in flexible installations in World War II Luftwaffe aircraft, replacing the older drum magazine-fed MG 15.
The MG FF was a drum-fed, blowback-operated, 20 mm aircraft autocannon, developed in 1936 by Ikaria Werke Berlin of Germany.
Military gliders (an offshoot of common gliders) have been used by the military of various countries for carrying troops (glider infantry) and heavy equipment to a combat zone, mainly during the Second World War.
Military transport aircraft or military cargo aircraft are typically fixed wing and rotary wing cargo aircraft which are used to airlift troops, weapons and other military equipment by a variety of methods to any area of military operations around the surface of the planet, usually outside the commercial flight routes in uncontrolled airspace.
The Ministry of Aviation, December 1938 The Ministry of Aviation (Reichsluftfahrtministerium), abbreviated RLM, was a government department during the period of Nazi Germany (1933–45).
The Mitsubishi G4M (long designation: Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 attack bomber: 一式陸上攻撃機, 一式陸攻 Isshiki rikujō kōgeki ki, Isshikirikkō) was the main twin-engine, land-based bomber used by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service in World War II.
Modular design, or "modularity in design", is a design approach that subdivides a system into smaller parts called modules or skids, that can be independently created and then used in different systems.
The Museo del Aire, full title in Spanish Museo de Aeronáutica y Astronáutica o Museo del Aire, is an aviation museum located in the outskirts of Madrid at Cuatro Vientos Airport, Spain.
A nacelle is a housing, separate from the fuselage, that holds engines, fuel, or equipment on an aircraft.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
Neuhardenberg is a municipality in the district Märkisch-Oderland, in Brandenburg, Germany.
The North American B-25 Mitchell is an American twin-engine, medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation (NAA).
Norwegian Armed Forces Aircraft Collection (Forsvarets flysamling Gardermoen) is a military aviation museum located at Gardermoen, north of Oslo, Norway.
A nose gunner or front gunner is a crewman on a military aircraft who operates a machine gun or autocannon turret in the front, or "nose", of the airplane.
Oranienburg is a town in Brandenburg, Germany.
Oslo Airport (Oslo Lufthavn) is the main international airport serving Oslo, Norway, the capital and most populous city in the country.
A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).
Paratroopers are military parachutists—military personnel trained in parachuting into an operation and usually functioning as part of an airborne force.
The power-egg, a literal translation into English of the German term Kraftei, was a design feature in German Second World War era aircraft, particularly for twin or multi-engined airframe designs.
A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.
The PZL.37 Łoś (moose) was a Polish twin-engined medium bomber designed and manufactured by national aircraft company PZL.
A radar altimeter, electronic altimeter, reflection altimeter, radio altimeter (RADALT), low range radio altimeter (LRRA) or simply RA, used on aircraft, measures altitude above the terrain presently beneath an aircraft or spacecraft by timing how long it takes a beam of radio waves to reflect from the ground and return to the plane.
Rüstsätze (Luftwaffe) were field modification kits produced for the German Luftwaffe during the Second World War.
Rechlin–Lärz Airfield (German: Flugplatz Rechlin-Lärz) is an airfield in the village of Rechlin, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany.
A reconnaissance aircraft is a military aircraft designed or adapted to perform aerial reconnaissance.
The Reichsmark (sign: ℛℳ) was the currency in Germany from 1924 until 20 June 1948 in West Germany, where it was replaced with the Deutsche Mark, and until 23 June in East Germany when it was replaced by the East German mark.
The Reichswehr (English: Realm Defence) formed the military organisation of Germany from 1919 until 1935, when it was united with the new Wehrmacht (Defence Force).
In an aircraft, ribs are forming elements of the structure of a wing, especially in traditional construction.
The Rolls-Royce Merlin is a British liquid-cooled V-12 piston aero engine of 27-litres (1,650 cu in) capacity.
Rostock is a city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Air Force Museum is a museum dedicated to the Royal Air Force in the United Kingdom.
The Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) (Luftforsvaret) is the air force of Norway.
The Air Arm of the Royal Romanian forces in World War II was officially named the Aeronautica Regala Romana (ARR), or the Romanian Royal Aeronautics, though it is more commonly referred to in English histories as the Forţele Aeriene Regale ale României (Royal Romanian Air Force, FARR), or simply Forţele Aeriene Române (Romanian Air Force).
The Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero (Italian for sparrowhawk) was a three-engined Italian medium bomber developed and manufactured by aviation company Savoia-Marchetti.
The Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello (Italian: bat) was the first three-engine bomber/transport aircraft serving in the Italian Regia Aeronautica.
The SC 1000 (Sprengbombe Cylindrisch 1000) was a large air-dropped general-purpose thin cased high explosive demolition bomb used by Germany during World War II.
The Slovak Air Force (Slovenské vzdušné zbrane, or SVZ), between 1939 and 1945, was the air force of the short-lived World War II Slovak Republic.
The (First) Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), otherwise known as the Slovak State (Slovenský štát), was a client state of Nazi Germany which existed between 14 March 1939 and 4 April 1945.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The Soviet Air Forces (r (VVS), literally "Military Air Forces") was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spanish Air Force (SPAF) (Ejército del Aire; literally, "Army of the Air") is the aerial branch of the Spanish Armed Forces.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
In a fixed-wing aircraft, the spar is often the main structural member of the wing, running spanwise at right angles (or thereabouts depending on wing sweep) to the fuselage.
In aircraft design, a stepless cockpit means that the nose of the aircraft has no separate "windscreen" panels directly in front of the pilot's or co-pilot's seating positions, and generally has no "breaks" in the nose contour — curved or otherwise — from their absence.
A strategic bomber is a medium to long range penetration bomber aircraft designed to drop large amounts of air-to-ground weaponry onto a distant target for the purposes of debilitating the enemy's capacity to wage war.
A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.
A swept wing is a wing that angles either backward or occasionally forward from its root rather than in a straight sideways direction.
A modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
A torpedo bomber is a military aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with aerial torpedoes.
The trailing edge of an aerodynamic surface such as a wing is its rear edge, where the airflow separated by the leading edge rejoins.
A trainer is a class of aircraft designed specifically to facilitate flight training of pilots and aircrews.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
The Turkish Air Force (Türk Hava Kuvvetleri) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces.
A twin-fuselage aircraft has two main fuselages.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Naval Institute (USNI), based in Annapolis, Maryland, is a private, non-profit, professional military association that seeks to offer independent, nonpartisan forums for debate of national defense and security issues.
The V-1 flying bomb (Vergeltungswaffe 1 "Vengeance Weapon 1")—also known to the Allies as the buzz bomb, or doodlebug, and in Germany as Kirschkern (cherrystone) or Maikäfer (maybug)—was an early cruise missile and the only production aircraft to use a pulsejet for power.
A controllable-pitch propeller (CPP) or variable-pitch propeller is a type of propeller with blades that can be rotated around their long axis to change the blade pitch.
The Vickers Wellington was a British twin-engined, long-range medium bomber.
The Walter HWK 109-500 was a liquid-fuelled rocket engine developed by Walter in Germany during the Second World War.
Warnemünde (literally Mouth of the Warnow) is a seaside resort and a district of the city of Rostock in Mecklenburg, Germany.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
The wingspan (or just span) of a bird or an airplane is the distance from one wingtip to the other wingtip.
Wismar is a port and Hanseatic city in Northern Germany on the Baltic Sea, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wright Cyclone was the name given to a family of air-cooled radial piston engines designed by the Wright Aeronautical Corporation and used in numerous American aircraft in the 1930s and 1940s.
The 7.92×57mm Mauser (designated as the 8mm Mauser or 8×57mm by the SAAMI and 8 × 57 IS by the C.I.P.) is a rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge.
HE111, He 111, He 111Z, He-111, He111, Heinkel 111, Heinkel 111A, Heinkel 111z, Heinkel Army Type 98 Medium Bomber, Heinkel HE 111, Heinkel He 111H-20, Heinkel He 111H-3, Heinkel He 111H-4, Heinkel He 111Z, Heinkel He-111, Heinkel He.111, Heinkel He111, Heinkel Type 98 Medium Bomber, Type 98 Medium Bomber.