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Helen of Troy

Index Helen of Troy

In Greek mythology, Helen of Troy (Ἑλένη, Helénē), also known as Helen of Sparta, or simply Helen, was said to have been the most beautiful woman in the world, who was married to King Menelaus of Sparta, but was kidnapped by Prince Paris of Troy, resulting in the Trojan War when the Achaeans set out to reclaim her and bring her back to Sparta. [1]

241 relations: Achaeans (Homer), Aegean civilizations, Aeneas, Aeneid, Aethra (Greek mythology), Afidnes, Agamemnon, Alexander Korda, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greek comedy, Aphrodite, Archaic Greece, Aristophanes, Artemis, Aspasia, Astyanassa, Athena, Athenaeus, Athens, Attica, Avlida, Bar Paly, Bella Dayne, Bibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus), Book of Genesis, Bourgeoisie, Bowes Museum, British School at Athens, C. S. Lewis, Cambridge University Press, Caricature, Castor and Pollux, Catalogue of Women, Catasterismi, Cedric Hardwicke, Christianity, Christopher Marlowe, Cicero, Clytemnestra, Colonies in antiquity, Corinth, Cornell University Press, Cranae, Cratinus, Cypria, Dares Phrygius, Deiphobus, Diane Kruger, Die ägyptische Helena, Digamma, ..., Dio Chrysostom, Diodorus Siculus, Dionysus, Divine twins, Doctor Faustus (play), Duke University Press, Duris of Samos, Eidolon, El Juicio de Paris (Simonet), Electra, Enrique Simonet, Epic Cycle, Epithalamium, Erinyes, Etruscan civilization, Etymology, Euripides, Eurotas (river), Eva Dahlbeck, Eve, Evelyn De Morgan, Evocation, Faust, Faust, Part Two, Francesco Primaticcio, Frederic Leighton, Gaius Julius Hyginus, Gala Dalí, Georg Curtius, Goethe's Faust, Gradiva, Greece, Greek Heroic Age, Greek mythology, Greek terracotta figurines, Greek underworld, Greeks, Guido delle Colonne, Guido Reni, Gustave Moreau, Hades, Harry Andrews, Hector, Helen (play), Helen (unit), Helen of Troy (film), Helen of Troy (miniseries), Helenus, Helladic chronology, Hellanicus of Lesbos, Hellen, Hellenistic period, Hera, Heracles, Hercules (1998 TV series), Hermes, Hermione (mythology), Herodotus, Heroides, Hesiod, Hilaeira, Historia destructionis Troiae, Histories (Herodotus), History of Athens, Homer, Horse sacrifice, Icarius, Iliad, Indiana University Press, Indo-European languages, Iphigenia, Iphigenia in Aulis, Isaac Asimov, Isis (DC Comics), Isocrates, Jesus, Jodi Benson, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Erskine (educator), Johns Hopkins University Press, Judgement of Paris, La belle Hélène, Laconia, Lactantius Placidus, Leda (mythology), Legends of Tomorrow, Lillie Langtry, Lithography, Little Iliad, Lucian, Lysistrata, Madrid, Makron (vase painter), Margaret Atwood, Mary, mother of Jesus, Maud Gonne, Maurus Servius Honoratus, Max Hansen (tenor), Megapenthes, Memphis, Egypt, Menelaus, Moon, Mount Olympus, Museo del Prado, Mycenaean Greece, Nemesis, Nicostratus (mythology), Odysseus, Odyssey, Orestes, Orestes (play), Oscar Wilde, Ovid, Oxford University Press, Palaestra, Paris (mythology), Pausanias (geographer), Penelope, Pericles, Persephone, Phoebe (mythology), Pierre de Ronsard, Pirithous, Pleisthenes, Polyxo, Pottery of ancient Greece, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, Priam, Propertius, Proteus of Egypt, Proto-Indo-European language, Proto-Indo-European religion, Proto-Indo-European root, Pythagoreanism, Renaissance, Rhodes, Richard Strauss, Rigveda, Robert Wise, Rossana Podestà, Salvador Dalí, Sappho, Sappho 16, Saranyu, Sarpedon, Satire, Selene, Shade (mythology), Sienna Guillory, Silent film, Sköna Helena, Solar deity, Sophocles, Sparta, Stele, Stesichorus, Temptation, The Dark Tower (Lewis novel), The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Private Life of Helen of Troy, The Trojan Women, Themyscira (DC Comics), Theocritus, Therapnes, Theseus, Timothy Gantz, Tintoretto, Tlepolemus, Torin Thatcher, Trojan Horse, Trojan War, Troy, Troy (film), Troy: Fall of a City, Truman State University, Tyndareus, University of Michigan Press, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin Press, Varuna, Vatican Mythographers, Vedic Sanskrit, Veles (god), Venus (mythology), Virgil, W. B. Yeats, Walters Art Museum, Xenia (Greek), Zeus, Zeuxis. Expand index (191 more) »

Achaeans (Homer)

The Achaeans (Ἀχαιοί Akhaioí, "the Achaeans" or "of Achaea") constitute one of the collective names for the Greeks in Homer's Iliad (used 598 times) and Odyssey.

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Aegean civilizations

Aegean civilization is a general term for the Bronze Age civilizations of Greece around the Aegean Sea.

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In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas (Greek: Αἰνείας, Aineías, possibly derived from Greek αἰνή meaning "praised") was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite (Venus).

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The Aeneid (Aeneis) is a Latin epic poem, written by Virgil between 29 and 19 BC, that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans.

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Aethra (Greek mythology)

In Greek mythology, Aethra or Aithra (Αἴθρα, Aἴthra,,, the "bright sky") was a name applied to four different individuals.

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Afidnes (Αφίδνες, or Ἀφίδναι, from the Middle Ages until 1919: Κιούρκα - Kiourka) is a small town in East Attica, Greece.

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In Greek mythology, Agamemnon (Ἀγαμέμνων, Ἀgamémnōn) was the son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra and the father of Iphigenia, Electra or Laodike (Λαοδίκη), Orestes and Chrysothemis.

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Alexander Korda

Sir Alexander Korda (born Sándor László Kellner, 16 September 1893 – 23 January 1956), BFI Screenonline.

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Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.

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Ancient Greek comedy

Ancient Greek comedy was one of the final three principal dramatic forms in the theatre of classical Greece (the others being tragedy and the satyr play).

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Aphrodite is the ancient Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.

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Archaic Greece

Archaic Greece was the period in Greek history lasting from the eighth century BC to the second Persian invasion of Greece in 480 BC, following the Greek Dark Ages and succeeded by the Classical period.

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Aristophanes (Ἀριστοφάνης,; c. 446 – c. 386 BC), son of Philippus, of the deme Kydathenaion (Cydathenaeum), was a comic playwright of ancient Athens.

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Artemis (Ἄρτεμις Artemis) was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities.

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Aspasia (Ἀσπασία; c. 470 BCD. Nails, The People of Plato, Hackett Publishing pp 58–59 – c. 400 BC)A.E. Taylor, Plato: The Man and his Work, 41 was an influential immigrant to Classical-era Athens who was the lover and partner of the statesman Pericles.

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According to late Greek sources on classical mythology, Astyanassa (Ἀστυάνασσα) was Helen of Troy's maid.

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Athena; Attic Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnā, or Ἀθηναία, Athēnaia; Epic: Ἀθηναίη, Athēnaiē; Doric: Ἀθάνα, Athānā or Athene,; Ionic: Ἀθήνη, Athēnē often given the epithet Pallas,; Παλλὰς is the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom, handicraft, and warfare, who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva.

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Athenaeus of Naucratis (Ἀθήναιος Nαυκρατίτης or Nαυκράτιος, Athēnaios Naukratitēs or Naukratios; Athenaeus Naucratita) was a Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourishing about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD.

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Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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Attica (Αττική, Ancient Greek Attikḗ or; or), or the Attic peninsula, is a historical region that encompasses the city of Athens, the capital of present-day Greece.

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Avlida (Αυλίδα) or Aulis a former municipality in Euboea regional unit, Greece.

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Bar Paly

Varvara Alexandrovna "Bar" Paly (בר פאלי, Бар Александровна Пали; born April 29, 1985) is a USSR-born Israeli-American model and actress.

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Bella Dayne

Bella Dayne (born 8 January 1990) is a German actress.

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Bibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus)

The Bibliotheca (Βιβλιοθήκη Bibliothēkē, "Library"), also known as the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus, is a compendium of Greek myths and heroic legends, arranged in three books, generally dated to the first or second century AD.

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Book of Genesis

The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.

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The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.

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Bowes Museum

The Bowes Museum has a nationally renowned art collection and is situated in the town of Barnard Castle, Teesdale, County Durham, England.

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British School at Athens

The British School at Athens (BSA) (Βρετανική Σχολή Αθηνών) is one of the 17 Foreign Archaeological Institutes in Athens, Greece.

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C. S. Lewis

Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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A caricature is a rendered image showing the features of its subject in a simplified or exaggerated way through sketching, pencil strokes, or through other artistic drawings.

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Castor and Pollux

Castor and Pollux (or in Greek, Polydeuces) were twin brothers and demigods in Greek and Roman mythology, known together as the Dioscuri.

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Catalogue of Women

The Catalogue of Women (Γυναικῶν Κατάλογος, Gynaikôn Katálogos) — also known as the Ehoiai (Ἠοῖαι)The Latin transliterations Eoeae and Ehoeae are also used (e.g.); see Title and the ''ē' hoiē''-formula, below.

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Catasterismi (Greek Καταστερισμοί Katasterismoi, "placings among the stars") is an Alexandrian prose retelling of the mythic origins of stars and constellations, as they were interpreted in Hellenistic culture.

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Cedric Hardwicke

Sir Cedric Webster Hardwicke (19 February 1893 – 6 August 1964) was an English stage and film actor whose career spanned nearly fifty years.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Christopher Marlowe

Christopher Marlowe, also known as Kit Marlowe (baptised 26 February 156430 May 1593), was an English playwright, poet and translator of the Elizabethan era.

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Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.

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Clytemnestra (Κλυταιμνήστρα, Klytaimnḗstra) was the wife of Agamemnon and queen of Mycenae (or sometimes Argos) in ancient Greek legend.

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Colonies in antiquity

Colonies in antiquity were city-states founded from a mother-city (its "metropolis"), not from a territory-at-large.

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Corinth (Κόρινθος, Kórinthos) is an ancient city and former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, which is located in south-central Greece.

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Cornell University Press

The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.

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Cranae (Κρανάη) (also Marathonisi) is an island off the coast of Gytheio connected to the land by a causeway built in 1898.

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Cratinus (Κρατῖνος; 519 BC – 422 BC) was an Athenian comic poet of the Old Comedy.

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The Cypria (Κύπρια Kúpria; Latin: Cypria) is a lost epic poem of ancient Greek literature, which has been attributed to Stasinus and was quite well known in classical antiquity and fixed in a received text, but which subsequently was lost to view.

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Dares Phrygius

Dares Phrygius (Δάρης), according to Homer, was a Trojan priest of Hephaestus.

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In Greek mythology, Deiphobus (Δηίφοβος Deiphobos) was a son of Priam and Hecuba.

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Diane Kruger

Diane Kruger (née Heidkrüger;; born 15 July 1976) is a German-American actress and former fashion model.

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Die ägyptische Helena

Die ägyptische Helena (The Egyptian Helen), Op. 75, is an opera in two acts by Richard Strauss to a German libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal.

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Digamma, waw, or wau (uppercase: Ϝ, lowercase: ϝ, numeral: ϛ) is an archaic letter of the Greek alphabet.

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Dio Chrysostom

Dio Chrysostom (Δίων Χρυσόστομος Dion Chrysostomos), Dion of Prusa or Dio Cocceianus (c. 40 – c. 115 CE), was a Greek orator, writer, philosopher and historian of the Roman Empire in the 1st century.

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Diodorus Siculus

Diodorus Siculus (Διόδωρος Σικελιώτης Diodoros Sikeliotes) (1st century BC) or Diodorus of Sicily was a Greek historian.

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Dionysus (Διόνυσος Dionysos) is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in ancient Greek religion and myth.

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Divine twins

The Divine twins are a mytheme of Proto-Indo-European religion.

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Doctor Faustus (play)

The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus, commonly referred to simply as Doctor Faustus, is an Elizabethan tragedy by Christopher Marlowe, based on German stories about the title character Faust, that was first performed sometime between 1588 and Marlowe's death in 1593.

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Duke University Press

Duke University Press is an academic publisher of books and journals, and a unit of Duke University.

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Duris of Samos

Duris of Samos (Δοῦρις ὁ Σάμιος; BCafter 281BC) was a Greek historian and was at some period tyrant of Samos.

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In ancient Greek literature, an eidolon (plural: eidola or eidolons) (Greek εἴδωλον: "image, idol, double, apparition, phantom, ghost") is a spirit-image of a living or dead person; a shade or phantom look-alike of the human form.

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El Juicio de Paris (Simonet)

El Juicio de Paris (The Judgment of Paris in English) is an oil-on-canvas painting of the Greek myth, the Judgement of Paris.

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In Greek mythology, Elektra (Ēlektra "amber") was the daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra, and thus princess of Argos.

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Enrique Simonet

Enrique Simonet Lombardo (February 2, 1866 – April 20, 1927) was a Spanish painter.

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Epic Cycle

The Epic Cycle (Ἐπικὸς Κύκλος, Epikos Kyklos) was a collection of Ancient Greek epic poems, composed in dactylic hexameter and related to the story of the Trojan War, including the Cypria, the Aethiopis, the so-called Little Iliad, the Iliupersis, the Nostoi, and the Telegony.

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An epithalamium (Latin form of Greek ἐπιθαλάμιον epithalamion from ἐπί epi "upon," and θάλαμος thalamos nuptial chamber) is a poem written specifically for the bride on the way to her marital chamber.

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In Greek mythology the Erinyes (sing. Erinys; Ἐρῑνύες, pl. of Ἐρῑνύς, Erinys), also known as the Furies, were female chthonic deities of vengeance; they were sometimes referred to as "infernal goddesses" (χθόνιαι θεαί).

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Etruscan civilization

The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.

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EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".

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Euripides (Εὐριπίδης) was a tragedian of classical Athens.

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Eurotas (river)

The Eurotas or Evrotas (Greek: Ευρώτας) is the main river of Laconia and one of the major rivers of the Peloponnese, in Greece.

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Eva Dahlbeck

Eva Elisabet Dahlbeck (8 March 1920 – 8 February 2008) was a Swedish stage, film, and television actress.

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Eve (Ḥawwā’; Syriac: ܚܘܐ) is a figure in the Book of Genesis in the Hebrew Bible.

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Evelyn De Morgan

Evelyn De Morgan (30 August 1855 – 2 May 1919) was an English painter whose works were influenced by the style of the Pre-Raphaelite movement.

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Evocation is the act of calling upon or summoning a spirit, demon, god or other supernatural agent, in the Western mystery tradition.

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Faust is the protagonist of a classic German legend, based on the historical Johann Georg Faust (c. 1480–1540).

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Faust, Part Two

Faust: The Second Part of the Tragedy (Faust.), is the second part of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust.

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Francesco Primaticcio

Francesco Primaticcio (April 30, 1504 – 1570) was an Italian Mannerist painter, architect and sculptor who spent most of his career in France.

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Frederic Leighton

Frederic Leighton, 1st Baron Leighton, (3 December 1830 – 25 January 1896), known as Sir Frederic Leighton between 1878 and 1896, was an English painter and sculptor.

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Gaius Julius Hyginus

Gaius Julius Hyginus (64 BC – AD 17) was a Latin author, a pupil of the famous Cornelius Alexander Polyhistor, and a freedman of Caesar Augustus.

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Gala Dalí

Gala Dalí (– 10 June 1982), usually known simply as Gala, was the Russian wife of Paul Éluard and later of Salvador Dalí.

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Georg Curtius

Georg Curtius (April 16, 1820 – August 12, 1885) was a German philologist.

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Goethe's Faust

Faust is a tragic play in two parts by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, usually known in English as Faust, Part One and Faust, Part Two.

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The Gradiva, The woman who walks, has become a modern 20th century mythological figure, from the novella Gradiva by the German writer Wilhelm Jensen, as she has sprung out of the imagination of a fictional character she may be considered unreal twice over.

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No description.

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Greek Heroic Age

The Greek Heroic Age, in mythology, is the period between the coming of the Greeks to Thessaly and the Greek return from Troy.

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Greek mythology

Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.

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Greek terracotta figurines

Terracotta figurines are a mode of artistic and religious expression frequently found in ancient Greece.

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Greek underworld

In mythology, the Greek underworld is an otherworld where souls go after death.

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The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.

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Guido delle Colonne

Guido delle Colonne (in Latin Guido de Columnis or de Columna) was a 13th-century Italian judge and writer, living at Messina, who wrote in Latin.

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Guido Reni

Guido Reni (4 November 1575 – 18 August 1642) was an Italian painter of high-Baroque style.

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Gustave Moreau

Gustave Moreau (6 April 1826 – 18 April 1898) was a major figure in French Symbolist painting whose main emphasis was the illustration of biblical and mythological figures.

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Hades (ᾍδης Háidēs) was the ancient Greek chthonic god of the underworld, which eventually took his name.

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Harry Andrews

Harry Fleetwood Andrews, CBE (10 November 1911 – 6 March 1989) was an English actor known for his film portrayals of tough military officers.

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In Greek mythology and Roman mythology, Hector (Ἕκτωρ Hektōr) was a Trojan prince and the greatest fighter for Troy in the Trojan War.

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Helen (play)

Helen (Ἑλένη, Helenē) is a drama by Euripides about Helen, first produced in 412 BC for the Dionysia in a trilogy that also contained Euripides' lost Andromeda.

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Helen (unit)

A helen is a humorous unit of measurement based on the concept that Helen of Troy, from the Iliad, had a "face that launched a thousand ships".

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Helen of Troy (film)

Helen of Troy is a 1956 Warner Bros. WarnerColor epic film in CinemaScope, based on Homer's Iliad and Odyssey.

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Helen of Troy (miniseries)

Helen of Troy is a 2003 television miniseries based upon Homer's story of the Trojan War, as recounted in the epic poem, Iliad.

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In Greek mythology, Helenus (Ἕλενος, Helenos, Helenus) was the son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba of Troy, and the twin brother of the prophetess Cassandra.

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Helladic chronology

Helladic chronology is a relative dating system used in archaeology and art history.

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Hellanicus of Lesbos

Hellanicus (or Hellanikos) of Lesbos (Greek: Ἑλλάνικος ὁ Λέσβιος, Ἑllánikos ὁ Lésvios), also called Hellanicus of Mytilene (Greek: Ἑλλάνικος ὁ Μυτιληναῖος, Ἑllánikos ὁ Mutilēnaῖos) was an ancient Greek logographer who flourished during the latter half of the 5th century BC.

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In Greek mythology, Hellen (Ἕλλην, Hellēn, "bright") was the progenitor of the Hellenes (Ἕλληνες).

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Hellenistic period

The Hellenistic period covers the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.

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Hera (Ἥρᾱ, Hērā; Ἥρη, Hērē in Ionic and Homeric Greek) is the goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth in Ancient Greek religion and myth, one of the Twelve Olympians and the sister-wife of Zeus.

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Heracles (Ἡρακλῆς, Hēraklês, Glory/Pride of Hēra, "Hera"), born Alcaeus (Ἀλκαῖος, Alkaios) or Alcides (Ἀλκείδης, Alkeidēs), was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of AmphitryonBy his adoptive descent through Amphitryon, Heracles receives the epithet Alcides, as "of the line of Alcaeus", father of Amphitryon.

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Hercules (1998 TV series)

Disney's Hercules: The Animated Series is an American animated television series based on the 1997 film of the same name and the Greek myth.

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Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, and the second youngest of the Olympian gods (Dionysus being the youngest).

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Hermione (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Hermione (Ἑρμιόνη) was the only child of King Menelaus of Sparta and his wife, Helen of Troy.

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Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.

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The Heroides (The Heroines), or Epistulae Heroidum (Letters of Heroines), is a collection of fifteen epistolary poems composed by Ovid in Latin elegiac couplets and presented as though written by a selection of aggrieved heroines of Greek and Roman mythology in address to their heroic lovers who have in some way mistreated, neglected, or abandoned them.

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Hesiod (or; Ἡσίοδος Hēsíodos) was a Greek poet generally thought by scholars to have been active between 750 and 650 BC, around the same time as Homer.

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In Greek mythology, Hilaera (Ancient Greek: Ἱλάειρα; also Ilaeira) was a Messenian princess.

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Historia destructionis Troiae

Historia destructionis Troiae ("History of the destruction of Troy") or Historia Troiana is a Latin prose narrative written by Guido delle Colonne, a Sicilian author, in the early 13th century.

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Histories (Herodotus)

The Histories (Ἱστορίαι;; also known as The History) of Herodotus is considered the founding work of history in Western literature.

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History of Athens

Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for at least 5000 years.

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Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.

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Horse sacrifice

Many Indo-European religious branches show evidence for horse sacrifice, and comparative mythology suggests that they derive from a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) ritual.

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In Greek mythology, there were two people named Icarius (Ἰκάριος Ikários).

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The Iliad (Ἰλιάς, in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.

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Indiana University Press

Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is an academic publisher founded in 1950 at Indiana University that specializes in the humanities and social sciences.

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Indo-European languages

The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.

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In Greek mythology, Iphigenia (Ἰφιγένεια, Iphigeneia) was a daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra, and thus a princess of Mycenae.

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Iphigenia in Aulis

Iphigenia in Aulis or at Aulis (Ἰφιγένεια ἐν Αὐλίδι, Iphigeneia en Aulidi; variously translated, including the Latin Iphigenia in Aulide) is the last of the extant works by the playwright Euripides.

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Isaac Asimov

Isaac Asimov (January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.

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Isis (DC Comics)

Isis is a DC Comics superhero, as well as a separate Egyptian goddess also living in the DC Universe.

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Isocrates (Ἰσοκράτης; 436–338 BC), an ancient Greek rhetorician, was one of the ten Attic orators.

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Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

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Jodi Benson

Jodi Marie Marzorati Benson (born October 10, 1961) is an American actress, voice actress and soprano singer.

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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.

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John Erskine (educator)

John Erskine (October 5, 1879 – June 2, 1951) was an American educator and author, pianist and composer.

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Johns Hopkins University Press

The Johns Hopkins University Press (also referred to as JHU Press or JHUP) is the publishing division of Johns Hopkins University.

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Judgement of Paris

The Judgement of Paris is a story from Greek mythology, which was one of the events that led up to the Trojan War and (in slightly later versions of the story) to the foundation of Rome.

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La belle Hélène

La belle Hélène (The Beautiful Helen), is an opéra bouffe in three acts by Jacques Offenbach to an original French libretto by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy.

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Laconia (Λακωνία, Lakonía), also known as Lacedaemonia, is a region in the southeastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula.

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Lactantius Placidus

Lactantius Placidus (c. 350 – c. 400 AD) was the presumed author of a commentary on Statius's poem Thebaid.

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Leda (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Leda (Λήδα) was an Aetolian princess who became a Spartan queen.

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Legends of Tomorrow

DC's Legends of Tomorrow, or simply Legends of Tomorrow, is an American superhero television series developed by Greg Berlanti, Marc Guggenheim, Andrew Kreisberg, and Phil Klemmer, who are also executive producers along with Sarah Schechter and Chris Fedak; Klemmer and Fedak serve as showrunners.

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Lillie Langtry

Emilie Charlotte Langtry (née Le Breton; October 13, 1853 – February 12, 1929), known as Lillie (or Lily) Langtry and nicknamed "The Jersey Lily", was a British-American socialite, actress and producer.

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Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water.

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Little Iliad

The Little Iliad (Greek: Ἰλιὰς μικρά, Ilias mikra; parva Illias) is a lost epic of ancient Greek literature.

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Lucian of Samosata (125 AD – after 180 AD) was a Hellenized Syrian satirist and rhetorician who is best known for his characteristic tongue-in-cheek style, with which he frequently ridiculed superstition, religious practices, and belief in the paranormal.

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Lysistrata (or; Attic Greek: Λυσιστράτη, Lysistrátē, "Army Disbander") is a comedy by Aristophanes.

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Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.

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Makron (vase painter)

Makron was an ancient Greek vase painter active in Athens ca.

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Margaret Atwood

Margaret Eleanor Atwood (born November 18, 1939) is a Canadian poet, novelist, literary critic, essayist, inventor, teacher and environmental activist.

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Mary, mother of Jesus

Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.

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Maud Gonne

Maud Gonne MacBride (Maud Nic Ghoinn Bean Mac Giolla Bhríghde, 21 December 1866 – 27 April 1953) was an English-born Irish revolutionary, suffragette and actress.

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Maurus Servius Honoratus

Maurus Servius Honoratus was a late fourth-century and early fifth-century grammarian, with the contemporary reputation of being the most learned man of his generation in Italy; he was the author of a set of commentaries on the works of Virgil.

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Max Hansen (tenor)

Max Hansen (22 December 1897 – 12 November 1961), also known as 'The Little Caruso', was a Danish singer, cabaret artist, actor, and comedian.

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In Greek mythology, Megapenthes (Μεγαπένθης Megapénthēs) is a name that refers to: He was a son of Proetus and exchanged kingdoms (Argos for Tiryns) with his cousin Perseus, whom he killed much later.

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Memphis, Egypt

Memphis (مَنْف; ⲙⲉⲙϥⲓ; Μέμφις) was the ancient capital of Aneb-Hetch, the first nome of Lower Egypt.

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In Greek mythology, Menelaus (Μενέλαος, Menelaos, from μένος "vigor, rage, power" and λαός "people," "wrath of the people") was a king of Mycenaean (pre-Dorian) Sparta, the husband of Helen of Troy, and the son of Atreus and Aerope.

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The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.

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Mount Olympus

Mount Olympus (Όλυμπος Olympos, for Modern Greek also transliterated Olimbos, or) is the highest mountain in Greece.

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Museo del Prado

The Prado Museum is the main Spanish national art museum, located in central Madrid.

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Mycenaean Greece

Mycenaean Greece (or Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.

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In the ancient Greek religion, Nemesis (Νέμεσις), also called Rhamnousia or Rhamnusia ("the goddess of Rhamnous"), was the goddess who enacted retribution against those who succumb to hubris (arrogance before the gods).

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Nicostratus (mythology)

Nicostratus is a mythological figure, a son of Helen of Troy and Menelaus (according to the Catalogue of Women, Laurentian Scholiast on Sophocles' Electra (539), and according to Apollodorus' ''Bibliotheca'', 3.11.1).

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Odysseus (Ὀδυσσεύς, Ὀδυσεύς, Ὀdysseús), also known by the Latin variant Ulysses (Ulixēs), is a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey.

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The Odyssey (Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.

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In Greek mythology, Orestes (Ὀρέστης) was the son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon.

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Orestes (play)

Orestes (Ὀρέστης, Orestēs) (408 BCE) is an Ancient Greek play by Euripides that follows the events of Orestes after he had murdered his mother.

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Oscar Wilde

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 185430 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright.

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Publius Ovidius Naso (20 March 43 BC – 17/18 AD), known as Ovid in the English-speaking world, was a Roman poet who lived during the reign of Augustus.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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The palaestra (or; also (chiefly British) palestra; παλαίστρα) was the ancient Greek wrestling school.

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Paris (mythology)

Paris (Πάρις), also known as Alexander (Ἀλέξανδρος, Aléxandros), the son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba of Troy, appears in a number of Greek legends.

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Pausanias (geographer)

Pausanias (Παυσανίας Pausanías; c. AD 110 – c. 180) was a Greek traveler and geographer of the second century AD, who lived in the time of Roman emperors Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.

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In Homer's Odyssey, Penelope (Πηνελόπεια, Pēnelópeia, or Πηνελόπη, Pēnelópē) is the wife of Odysseus, who is known for her fidelity to Odysseus while he was absent, despite having many suitors.

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Pericles (Περικλῆς Periklēs, in Classical Attic; c. 495 – 429 BC) was a prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age — specifically the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars.

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In Greek mythology, Persephone (Περσεφόνη), also called Kore ("the maiden"), is the daughter of Zeus and Demeter and is the queen of the underworld.

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Phoebe (mythology)

In ancient Greek religion, Phoebe (Greek: Φοίβη Phoibe, associated with Phoebos or "shining") was one of the first generation of Titans, who were one set of sons and daughters of Uranus and Gaia.

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Pierre de Ronsard

Pierre de Ronsard (11 September 1524 – 27 December 1585) was a French poet or, as his own generation in France called him, a "prince of poets".

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In Greek mythology, Pirithous (Πειρίθοος or Πειρίθους derived from peritheein περιθεῖν "to run around"; also transliterated as Perithous) was the King of the Lapiths of Larissa in Thessaly.

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In Greek mythology, Pleisthenes (Πλεισθένης) is the name of several different people descended from Tantalus.

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Polyxo (Ancient Greek: Πολυξώ) is the name of several figures in Greek mythology.

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Pottery of ancient Greece

Ancient Greek pottery, due to its relative durability, comprises a large part of the archaeological record of ancient Greece, and since there is so much of it (over 100,000 painted vases are recorded in the Corpus vasorum antiquorum), it has exerted a disproportionately large influence on our understanding of Greek society.

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Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (later known as the Pre-Raphaelites) was a group of English painters, poets, and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti.

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In Greek mythology, Priam (Πρίαμος, Príamos) was the king of Troy during the Trojan War and youngest son of Laomedon.

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Sextus Propertius was a Latin elegiac poet of the Augustan age.

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Proteus of Egypt

In Greek mythology, Proteus (/ˈproʊtiəs, -tjuːs/; Ancient Greek: Πρωτεύς - protos, "first") was an ancient Egyptian king who was associated with the island of Pharos, his residence in Homer's Odyssey.

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Proto-Indo-European language

Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.

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Proto-Indo-European religion

Proto-Indo-European religion is the belief system adhered to by the Proto-Indo-Europeans.

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Proto-Indo-European root

The roots of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) are basic parts of words that carry a lexical meaning, so-called morphemes.

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Pythagoreanism originated in the 6th century BC, based on the teachings and beliefs held by Pythagoras and his followers, the Pythagoreans, who were considerably influenced by mathematics and mysticism.

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The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

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Rhodes (Ρόδος, Ródos) is the largest of the Dodecanese islands of Greece in terms of land area and also the island group's historical capital.

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Richard Strauss

Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.

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The Rigveda (Sanskrit: ऋग्वेद, from "praise" and "knowledge") is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns along with associated commentaries on liturgy, ritual and mystical exegesis.

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Robert Wise

Robert Earl Wise (September 10, 1914 – September 14, 2005) was an American film director, producer and editor.

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Rossana Podestà

Rossana Podestà, born Carla Dora Podestà (20 June 1934 – 10 December 2013) was a Libyan born actress, who worked mainly in Italy from the 1950s to the 1970s.

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Salvador Dalí

Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquess of Dalí de Púbol (11 May 190423 January 1989), known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.

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Sappho (Aeolic Greek Ψαπφώ, Psappho; c. 630 – c. 570 BC) was an archaic Greek poet from the island of Lesbos.

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Sappho 16

Sappho 16 is a fragment of a poem by the archaic Greek lyric poet Sappho.

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Sandhya, Saranya, or Saraniya (also known as Sanjana, Sangya, Randal, Ravi Randal) is the wife of Surya, the twin of Trisiras, and the goddess of clouds in Hindu mythology, the mother of Revant and the twin Asvins (the Indian Dioscuri).

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Sarpedon (Σαρπηδών, Sarpēdṓn) was a common name in ancient Greece and in the Roman Empire.

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Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.

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In Greek mythology, Selene ("Moon") is the goddess of the moon.

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Shade (mythology)

In literature and poetry, a shade (translating Greek σκιά, Latin umbra) is the spirit or ghost of a dead person, residing in the underworld.

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Sienna Guillory

Sienna Tiggy Guillory (born 16 March 1975) is an English actress and former model.

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Silent film

A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound (and in particular, no spoken dialogue).

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Sköna Helena

Sköna Helena (Beautiful Helen) is a Swedish musical film of 1951 directed by Gustaf Edgren, and based loosely on the story and music of the opéra bouffe La belle Hélène.

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Solar deity

A solar deity (also sun god or sun goddess) is a sky deity who represents the Sun, or an aspect of it, usually by its perceived power and strength.

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Sophocles (Σοφοκλῆς, Sophoklēs,; 497/6 – winter 406/5 BC)Sommerstein (2002), p. 41.

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Sparta (Doric Greek: Σπάρτα, Spártā; Attic Greek: Σπάρτη, Spártē) was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece.

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A steleAnglicized plural steles; Greek plural stelai, from Greek στήλη, stēlē.

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Stesichorus (Στησίχορος, Stēsikhoros; c. 630 – 555 BC) was the first great lyric poet of the West.

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Temptation is a desire to engage in short-term urges for enjoyment, that threatens long-term goals.

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The Dark Tower (Lewis novel)

The Dark Tower is an incomplete manuscript allegedly written by C. S. Lewis that appears to be an unfinished sequel to the science fiction novel Out of the Silent Planet.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The New Yorker

The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.

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The Private Life of Helen of Troy

The Private Life of Helen of Troy is a 1927 American silent film about Helen of Troy based on the 1925 novel of the same name by John Erskine, and adapted to screen by Gerald Duffy.

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The Trojan Women

The Trojan Women (Τρῳάδες, Trōiades), also known as Troades, is a tragedy by the Greek playwright Euripides.

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Themyscira (DC Comics)

Themyscira is a fictional, lush city-state and island nation appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.

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Theocritus (Θεόκριτος, Theokritos; fl. c. 270 BC), the creator of ancient Greek bucolic poetry, flourished in the 3rd century BC.

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Therapnes (Θεράπνες), in ancient times Therapne (Θεράπνη), is a municipal unit (dimotiki enotita) of the municipality (dimos) of Sparti within the regional unit (perifereiaki enotita) of Laconia in the region (perifereia) of Peloponnese, one of 13 regions into which Greece has been divided.

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Theseus (Θησεύς) was the mythical king and founder-hero of Athens.

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Timothy Gantz

Timothy Nolan Gantz (December 23, 1945 – January 20, 2004) was a classical scholar, the author of Early Greek Myth: A Guide to Literary and Artistic Sources (1993).

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Tintoretto (born Jacopo Comin, late September or early October, 1518 – May 31, 1594) was an Italian painter and a notable exponent of the Venetian school.

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In Greek mythology, Tlepolemus (Τληπόλεμος, Tlēpólemos) was a son of Heracles and the leader of the Rhodian forces in the Trojan War.

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Torin Thatcher

Torin Herbert Erskine Thatcher (15 January 1905 – 4 March 1981) was an English actor who was noted for his flashy portrayals of screen villains.

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Trojan Horse

The Trojan Horse is a tale from the Trojan War about the subterfuge that the Greeks used to enter the independent city of Troy and win the war.

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Trojan War

In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta.

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Troy (Τροία, Troia or Τροίας, Troias and Ἴλιον, Ilion or Ἴλιος, Ilios; Troia and Ilium;Trōia is the typical Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term: Hittite: Wilusha or Truwisha; Truva or Troya) was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, near (just south of) the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida.

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Troy (film)

Troy is a 2004 epic period war film written by David Benioff, directed by Wolfgang Petersen and co-produced by units in Malta, Mexico and Britain's Shepperton Studios.

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Troy: Fall of a City

Troy: Fall of a City is a British-American miniseries based on the Trojan War and the love affair between Paris and Helen.

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Truman State University

Truman State University (TSU or Truman) is a public liberal arts and sciences university located in Kirksville, Missouri, United States.

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In Greek mythology, Tyndareus (Ancient Greek: Τυνδάρεος, Tundáreos; Attic: Τυνδάρεως, Tundáreōs) was a Spartan king.

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University of Michigan Press

The University of Michigan Press is part of Michigan Publishing at the University of Michigan Library.

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University of Minnesota

The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (often referred to as the University of Minnesota, Minnesota, the U of M, UMN, or simply the U) is a public research university in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota.

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University of Wisconsin Press

The University of Wisconsin Press (sometimes abbreviated as UW Press) is a non-profit university press publishing peer-reviewed books and journals.

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Varuna (IAST: वरुण, Malay: Baruna) is a Vedic deity associated first with sky, later with waters as well as with Ṛta (justice) and Satya (truth).

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Vatican Mythographers

The so-called Vatican Mythographers (Mythographi Vaticani) are the anonymous authors of three Latin mythographical texts found together in a single medieval manuscript, Vatican Reg.

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Vedic Sanskrit

Vedic Sanskrit is an Indo-European language, more specifically one branch of the Indo-Iranian group.

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Veles (god)

Veles (Cyrillic Serbian and Macedonian: Велес; Weles; Велес; Bosnian, Croatian, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian: Veles; Ruthenian and Old Church Slavonic: Велесъ; translit), also known as Volos (Волос, listed as a Christian saint in Old Russian texts), is a major Slavic god of earth, waters, forests and the underworld.

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Venus (mythology)

Venus (Classical Latin) is the Roman goddess whose functions encompassed love, beauty, desire, sex, fertility, prosperity and victory.

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Publius Vergilius Maro (traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.

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W. B. Yeats

William Butler Yeats (13 June 186528 January 1939) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature.

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Walters Art Museum

The Walters Art Museum, located in Mount Vernon-Belvedere, Baltimore, Maryland, United States, is a public art museum founded and opened in 1934.

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Xenia (Greek)

Xenia (translit, meaning "guest-friendship") is the ancient Greek concept of hospitality, the generosity and courtesy shown to those who are far from home and/or associates of the person bestowing guest-friendship.

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Zeus (Ζεύς, Zeús) is the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who rules as king of the gods of Mount Olympus.

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Zeuxis (Ζεῦξις) (of Heraclea) was a painter who flourished during the 5th century BC.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helen_of_Troy

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