161 relations: Abdication, Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Albert I of Belgium, Albert II of Belgium, Amadou Toumani Touré, Ambassador, Angioplasty, Antoine of Navarre, Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria, Astrid of Sweden, Bachelor's degree, Baudouin of Belgium, Berg Castle, Betzdorf Castle, Betzdorf, Luxembourg, Bormes-les-Mimosas, Capetian dynasty, Catholic Church, Chamber of Deputies, Chamber of Deputies (Luxembourg), Charles II, Duke of Parma, Charles III, Duke of Parma, Charles, Duke of Vendôme, Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Council of State of Luxembourg, Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria, Elisabeth of Bavaria, Queen of Belgium, Ferdinand, Duke of Parma, Francis, Count of Vendôme, Frederick VIII of Denmark, Galápagos Islands, Gilsdorf, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg, Grünewald (Luxembourg), Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Heir apparent, Henry I of France, Henry IV of France, House of Bourbon, House of Bourbon-Parma, House of Nassau-Weilburg, Hugh Capet, Hugh the Great, Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal, Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal, Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal, International Olympic Committee, James I, Count of La Marche, ..., Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Jean-Claude Juncker, John I, Count of La Marche, John VIII, Count of Vendôme, Juan Carlos I of Spain, Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria, Königstein im Taunus, Leopold III of Belgium, List of monarchs of Luxembourg, List of Prime Ministers of Luxembourg, Louis I of Etruria, Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, Louis IX of France, Louis VI of France, Louis VII of France, Louis VIII of France, Louis XIII of France, Louis XIV of France, Louis, Count of Vendôme, Louis, Grand Dauphin, Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois, Louise of Sweden, Luxembourg, Luxembourg Army, Maria Teresa, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Miguel I of Portugal, Military Order of Saint James of the Sword, Monarchy of Luxembourg, Municipal Hospital (Luxembourg), National Order of Mali, Order of Adolphe of Nassau, Order of Charles III, Order of Leopold (Belgium), Order of Liberty, Order of Merit of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Order of Pope Pius IX, Order of Prince Henry, Order of St. Olav, Order of the Chrysanthemum, Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, Order of the Elephant, Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Order of the Golden Fleece, Order of the Netherlands Lion, Order of the Oak Crown, Order of the Redeemer, Order of the Southern Cross, Order of the Star of Romania, Order of the State of Republic of Turkey, Order of the Three Stars, Order of the White Double Cross, Order of the White Eagle (Poland), Order of the White Rose of Finland, Oscar II of Sweden, Patrilineality, Philip I of France, Philip II of France, Philip V of Spain, Philip, Duke of Parma, Philippe of Belgium, Politics of Luxembourg, Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland, Prince Félix of Luxembourg, Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma, Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg, Prince Jean of Luxembourg, Prince Liam of Nassau, Prince Louis of Luxembourg, Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders, Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg, Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau, Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg, Princess Amalia of Nassau, Princess Claire of Luxembourg, Princess Ingeborg of Denmark, Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium, Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein, Princess Marie Gabriele of Luxembourg, Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Queen Sofía of Spain, RAF Regiment, Robert I of France, Robert I, Duke of Parma, Robert II of France, Robert II, Count of Hesbaye, Robert III of Worms, Robert the Strong, Robert, Count of Clermont, Robertians, Royal assent, Royal Jubilee Commemorative Medals, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Royal Order of the Seraphim, Royal Victorian Order, Rudolf Schuster, Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume, Sophia of Nassau, Sotheby's, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Spanish royal family, Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation, Tarja Halonen, Tessy Antony, Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, University of Geneva, William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, World Health Organization, Xavier Bettel. Expand index (111 more) » « Shrink index
Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical authority.
Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (3 April 1831 – 16 December 1909) was the wife of King Miguel I of Portugal but only following his deposition.
Adolphe (Adolf Wilhelm August Karl Friedrich; 24 July 1817 – 17 November 1905) was the last sovereign Duke of Nassau, reigning from 20 August 1839 until the duchy's annexation to Kingdom of Prussia in 1866.
Albert I (8 April 1875 – 17 February 1934) reigned as the third King of the Belgians from 1909 to 1934.
Albert II (born 6 June 1934) reigned as the sixth King of the Belgians from 1993 until his abdication in 2013.
Amadou Toumani Touré (born 4 November 1948;, African Press Agency, 27 March 2007. also known as "ATT") is a Malian politician who was President of Mali from 2002 to 2012.
An ambassador is an official envoy, especially a high-ranking diplomat who represents a state and is usually accredited to another sovereign state or to an international organization as the resident representative of their own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment.
Angioplasty, also known as balloon angioplasty and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), is a minimally invasive, endovascular procedure to widen narrowed or obstructed arteries or veins, typically to treat arterial atherosclerosis.
Antoine (in English, Anthony; 22 April 1518 – 17 November 1562) was the King of Navarre through his marriage (jure uxoris) to Queen Jeanne III, from 1555 until his death.
Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria (née Princess Marie Astrid of Luxembourg; born 17 February 1954 at Castle Betzdorf) is the elder daughter and eldest child of Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg and Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium, and the wife of Archduke Carl Christian of Austria.
Astrid of Sweden (17 November 1905 – 29 August 1935) was Queen of the Belgians as the first wife of King Leopold III.
A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).
Baudouin (Boudewijn, Balduin; 7 September 1930 – 31 July 1993) reigned as the fifth King of the Belgians, following his father's abdication, from 1951 until his death in 1993.
Berg Castle (Schlass Bierg,; Château de Berg; Schloss Berg), also called Colmar-Berg, is the principal residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
Betzdorf Castle (Betzder Schlass, Château de Betzdorf, Betzdorf Schloss/Schloss Betzdorf) is a former castle in the commune of Betzdorf, in eastern Luxembourg.
Betzdorf (Betzder) is a commune and village in eastern Luxembourg.
Bormes-les-Mimosas is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
The Capetian dynasty, also known as the House of France, is a dynasty of Frankish origin, founded by Hugh Capet.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The chamber of deputies is the legislative body such as the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or also a unicameral legislature.
The Chamber of Deputies (D'Chamber, Chambre des Députés, Abgeordnetenkammer), abbreviated to the Chamber, is the unicameral national legislature of Luxembourg.
Charles Louis (Carlo Ludovico; 22 December 1799 – 16 April 1883) was King of Etruria (1803–1807; reigned as Louis II), Duke of Lucca (1824–1847; reigned as Charles I), and Duke of Parma (1847–1849; reigned as Charles II).
Charles III (Carlo III di Borbone, Duca di Parma e Piacenza; 14 January 1823 – 27 March 1854) was Duke of Parma from 1849 to 1854.
Charles de Bourbon (2 June 1489 – 25 March 1537) was a French prince du sang and military commander at the court of Francis I of France.
Charlotte (Charlotte Adelgonde Élise/Elisabeth Marie Wilhelmine; 23 January 1896 – 9 July 1985) reigned as Grand Duchess of Luxembourg from 1919 until her abdication in 1964.
The Council of State (Staatsrot, Conseil d'État, Staatsrat) is an institution in Luxembourg that advises the national legislature, the Chamber of Deputies.
The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um die Republik Österreich) is a national honour awarded by the Republic of Austria.
Elisabeth of Bavaria (25 July 187623 November 1965) was Queen consort of the Belgians as the spouse of King Albert I, and a Duchess in Bavaria by birth.
Ferdinand (Ferdinando Maria Filippo Lodovico Sebastiano Francesco Giacomo; 20 January 1751 – 9 October 1802) was the Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla from his father's death on 18 July 1765 until he ceded the duchy to France by the Treaty of Aranjuez on 20 March 1801.
Francis de Bourbon or François de Bourbon (Francis I, Count of Vendôme) (1470 – 30 October 1495), was a French prince.
Frederick VIII (Christian Frederik Vilhelm Carl) (3 June 1843 – 14 May 1912) was King of Denmark from 1906 to 1912.
The Galápagos Islands (official name: Archipiélago de Colón, other Spanish name: Las Islas Galápagos), part of the Republic of Ecuador, are an archipelago of volcanic islands distributed on either side of the equator in the Pacific Ocean surrounding the centre of the Western Hemisphere, west of continental Ecuador.
Gilsdorf is a small town in the commune of Bettendorf, in north-eastern Luxembourg.
The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, or the Graduate Institute (in French: Institut de hautes études internationales et du développement (previously known as Institut (universitaire) de hautes études internationales), abbreviated IHEID (previously HEI, IHEI, or IUHEI) is a post-graduate university located in Geneva, Switzerland. The institution counts one UN secretary-general (Kofi Annan), seven Nobel Prize recipients, one Pulitzer Prize winner, and numerous ambassadors, foreign ministers, and heads of state among its alumni and faculty. Founded by two senior League of Nations officials, the Graduate Institute maintains strong links with that international organisation's successor, the United Nations, and many alumni have gone on to work at UN agencies. The school is a full member of the APSIA. Founded in 1927, the Graduate Institute of International Studies (IHEI or HEI) is continental Europe's oldest school of international relations and was the world's first university dedicated solely to the study of international affairs. It offered one of the first doctoral programmes in international relations in the world. In 2008, the Graduate Institute absorbed the Graduate Institute of Development Studies, a smaller post-graduate institution also based in Geneva founded in 1961. The merger resulted in the current Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Today the school enrolls about 800 graduate students from over 100 countries. Foreign students make up nearly 80% of the student body and the school is officially a bilingual English-French institution, although the majority of classes are in English.. With Maison de la Paix acting as its primary seat of learning, the Institute's campuses are located blocks from the United Nations Office at Geneva, International Labour Organization, World Trade Organization, World Health Organization, International Committee of the Red Cross, World Intellectual Property Organization and many other international organizations. It runs joint degree programmes with universities such as Smith College and Yale University, and is Harvard Kennedy School's only partner university to co-deliver double degrees.
The Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg constitutes the House of Luxembourg-Nassau, headed by the sovereign Grand Duke, and in which the throne of the grand duchy is hereditary.
The Grünewald (Gréngewald) is a forest in central Luxembourg, most of which is owned by the national government.
Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (given names: Guillaume Jean Joseph Marie; born 11 November 1981), has been heir apparent to the crown of Luxembourg since his father's accession in 2000.
An heir apparent is a person who is first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person.
Henry I (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060) was King of the Franks from 1031 to his death.
Henry IV (Henri IV, read as Henri-Quatre; 13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), also known by the epithet Good King Henry, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610.
The House of Bourbon is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty.
The House of Bourbon-Parma (Casa di Borbone di Parma) is an Italian royal and ducal family and cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, whose members once ruled as King of Etruria and as Duke of Parma and Piacenza, Guastalla, and Lucca.
The House of Nassau-Weilburg, a branch of the House of Nassau, ruled a division of the County of Nassau, which was a state in what is now Germany, then part of the Holy Roman Empire, from 1344 to 1806.
Hugh CapetCapet is a byname of uncertain meaning distinguishing him from his father Hugh the Great.
Hugh the Great (– 16 June 956) was the Duke of the Franks and Count of Paris.
Infanta Maria Antónia of Portugal (Portuguese: Maria Antónia Adelaide Camila Carolina Eulália Leopoldina Sofia Inês Francisca de Assis e de Paula Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Gonzaga Gregória Bernardina Benedita Andrea; 28 November 1862 – 14 May 1959) was a Portuguese infanta, the seventh and last child of Miguel of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg.
Infanta Maria José of Portugal (Maria José Joana Eulália Leopoldina Adelaide Isabel Carolina Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Francisca de Assis e de Paula Inês Sofia Joaquina Teresa Benedita Bernardina; 19 March 1857 – 11 March 1943), sometimes known in English as Maria Josepha, was a Portuguese infanta, later Duchess in Bavaria by marriage.
Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal (Maria Ana; 13 July 1861 – 31 July 1942) was Grand Duchess of Luxembourg as the wife of Grand Duke Guillaume IV and the country's regent in the name of their daughter, Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
James I of Bourbon (1319 – 6 April 1362; also translated as Jacob (I) of Bourbon) was the son of Louis I, Duke of Bourbon and Mary of Avesnes.
Jean (given names: Jean Benoît Guillaume Robert Antoine Louis Marie Adolphe Marc d'Aviano; born 5 January 1921) reigned as Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 1964 until his abdication in 2000.
Jean-Claude Juncker (born 9 December 1954) is a Luxembourgish politician serving as President of the European Commission since 2014.
John of Bourbon (John I/VII, Count of La Marche and of Vendôme), (1344 – 11 June 1393, Vendôme) was the second son of James I, Count of La Marche and Jeanne of Châtillon.
John VIII de Bourbon (1425 - 6 January 1477) was Count of Vendôme from 1466 until his death.
Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, born 5 January 1938) reigned as King of Spain from 1975 until his abdication in 2014.
Karl-Theodor, Duke in Bavaria (9 August 1839 – 30 November 1909), was a member of the House of Wittelsbach and a professional oculist.
Königstein im Taunus is a health spa and lies on the thickly wooded slopes of the Taunus in Hesse, Germany.
Leopold III (3 November 1901 – 25 September 1983) reigned as the fourth King of the Belgians from 1934 until 1951, when he abdicated in favour of the heir apparent, his son Baudouin.
The territory of Luxembourg was ruled successively by counts, dukes and grand dukes.
The Prime Minister of Luxembourg is the head of government in Luxembourg.
Louis I (5 July 1773 – 27 May 1803) was the first of the two kings of Etruria.
Louis I, called the Lame (1279 – 22 January 1341) was Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis and La Marche and the first Duke of Bourbon.
Louis IX (25 April 1214 – 25 August 1270), commonly known as Saint Louis, was King of France and is a canonized Catholic and Anglican saint.
Louis VI (c.1081 – 1 August 1137), called the Fat (le Gros) or the Fighter (le Batailleur), was King of the Franks from 1108 until his death (1137).
Louis VII (called the Younger or the Young; Louis le Jeune; 1120 – 18 September 1180) was King of the Franks from 1137 until his death.
Louis VIII the Lion (Louis VIII le Lion; 5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226) was King of France from 1223 to 1226.
Louis XIII (27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643) was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navarre (as Louis II) from 1610 to 1620, when the crown of Navarre was merged with the French crown.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Louis de Bourbon (Louis I, Count of Vendôme) (1376 – December 21, 1446, Tours), younger son of John I, Count of La Marche and Catherine de Vendôme, was Count of Vendôme from 1393, and Count of Castres from 1425 until his death.
Louis of France (1 November 1661 – 14 April 1711) was the eldest son and heir of Louis XIV, King of France, and his spouse, Maria Theresa of Spain.
Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois (Louise Marie Thérèse; 21 September 1819 – 1 February 1864) was a duchess and later a regent of Parma.
Louise of Sweden (Louise Josephine Eugenie (Lovisa Josefina Eugenia); 31 October 1851 – 20 March 1926), was Queen of Denmark as the spouse of King Frederick VIII.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
The Luxembourg Army is the national military force of Luxembourg.
Maria Teresa, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (born María Teresa Mestre y Batista; on 22 March 1956), is the spouse of Grand Duke Henri.
Marie-Adélaïde (Marie Adelheid Thérèse Hilda Wilhelmine; 14 June 1894 – 24 January 1924), reigned as Grand Duchess of Luxembourg from 1912 until her abdication in 1919.
Dom Miguel I (English: Michael I; 26 October 1802 – 14 November 1866), "the Absolutist" ("o Absolutista") or "the Traditionalist" ("o Tradicionalista"), was the King of Portugal between 1828 and 1834, the seventh child and third son of King João VI (John VI) and his queen, Carlota Joaquina of Spain.
The Military Order of Saint James of the Sword (Ordem Militar de Sant'Iago da Espada) is a Portuguese order of chivalry.
The Grand Duke of Luxembourg is the monarchical head of state of Luxembourg.
The Municipal Hospital is the main hospital in Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg.
The National Order of Mali is the highest of honorific orders of Mali.
The Order of Civil and Military Merit of Adolph of Nassau (Ordre de Mérite civil et militaire d’Adolphe de Nassau) is an order of merit of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg for meritorious service to the Grand Duke, the Grand-Ducal House and Luxembourg.
The Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Charles III (Real y Distinguida Orden Española de Carlos III) was established by the King of Spain Carlos III by means of the Royal Decree of 19 September 1771, with the motto Virtuti et mérito.
The Order of Leopold (Leopoldsorde, Ordre de Léopold) is one of the three current Belgian national honorary orders of knighthood.
The Order of Liberty, or the Order of Freedom (Ordem da Liberdade), is a Portuguese honorific civil order that distinguishes relevant services to the cause of democracy and freedom, in the defense of the values of civilization and human dignity.
The Order of Merit of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (French: Ordre de Mérite du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg) is a distinguished honorary order of Luxembourg.
The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana) was founded as the senior order of knighthood by the second President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi in 1951.
The Order of Pope Pius IX (Ordine di Pio IX), also referred as the Pian Order (Ordine Piano), is a papal order of knighthood founded on 17 June 1847 by Pope Pius IX.
The Order of Prince Henry the Navigator (Ordem do Infante Dom Henrique) is a Portuguese National Order of Knighthood created on 2 June 1960, to commemorate the quincentenary of the death of the Infante Henry the Navigator (known in Portuguese as Henrique), third son of King John I of Portugal and his queen, Philippa of Lancaster.
The Royal Norwegian Order of Saint Olav (Den Kongelige Norske Sankt Olavs Orden; or Sanct Olafs Orden, the old Norwegian name) is a Norwegian order of chivalry instituted by King Oscar I on August 21, 1847.
is Japan's highest order.
The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana (Maarjamaa Risti teenetemärk, sometimes translated as the Order of the Cross of St. Mary’s Land) was instituted by the President of Estonia, Lennart Meri, in 1995 to honour the independence of the Estonian state.
The Order of the Elephant (Elefantordenen) is a Danish order of chivalry and is Denmark's highest-ranked honour.
The Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau (Ordre du Lion d'Or de la Maison de Nassau, Huisorde van de Gouden Leeuw van Nassau) is a chivalric order shared by the two branches of the House of Nassau (the Ottonian and Walramian lines).
The Order of the Golden Fleece (Orden del Toisón de Oro, Orden vom Goldenen Vlies) is a Roman Catholic order of chivalry founded in Bruges by the Burgundian duke Philip the Good in 1430, to celebrate his marriage to the Portuguese princess Isabella.
The Order of the Netherlands Lion, also referred to as the Order of the Lion of the Netherlands (De Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw, L'Ordre du Lion Néerlandais) is a Dutch order of chivalry founded by King William I of the Netherlands on 29 September 1815.
The Order of the Oak Crown (Ordre de la Couronne de chêne, Eichenlaubkronenorden, Eechelaafkrounenuerden) is an order of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
The Order of the Redeemer (translit), also known as the Order of the Saviour, is an order of merit of Greece.
The National Order of the Southern Cross (Ordem Nacional do Cruzeiro do Sul) is a Brazilian order of chivalry founded by Emperor Pedro I on 1 December 1822.
The Order of the Star of Romania (Romanian: Ordinul Steaua României) is Romania's highest civil Order and second highest State decoration after the defunct Order of Michael the Brave.
The Order of the State of Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Nişanı) is the highest state order awarded to foreign nationals by the President of the Republic of Turkey.
Order of the Three Stars (Triju Zvaigžņu ordenis) is an order awarded for meritorious service to Latvia.
The Order of the White Double Cross (Rad Bieleho dvojkríža) is the highest state decoration of the Republic of Slovakia.
The Order of the White Eagle (Order Orła Białego) is Poland's highest order awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits.
The Order of the White Rose of Finland (Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta; Finlands Vita Ros’ orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty, and the Order of the Lion of Finland.
Oscar II (Oscar Fredrik; 21 January 1829 – 8 December 1907) was King of Sweden from 1872 until his death, and the last Bernadotte King of Norway from 1872 until his dethronement in 1905.
Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual's family membership derives from and is recorded through his or her father's lineage.
Philip I (23 May 1052 – 29 July 1108), called the Amorous, was King of the Franks from 1060 to his death.
Philip II, known as Philip Augustus (Philippe Auguste; 21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223, a member of the House of Capet.
Philip V (Felipe V, Philippe, Filippo; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to his abdication in favour of his son Louis on 15 January 1724, and from his reascendancy of the throne upon his son's death on 6 September 1724 to his own death on 9 July 1746.
Philip of Spain (15 March 1720 – 18 July 1765) was Infante of Spain by birth, and Duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765.
Philippe or Filip (Philippe Léopold Louis Marie, Filip Leopold Lodewijk Maria, Philipp Leopold Ludwig Maria; born 15 April 1960) is the seventh King of the Belgians, having ascended the throne on 21 July 2013, following his father's abdication.
The politics of Luxembourg takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Luxembourg is the head of government, and of a multi-party system.
Prince Carl of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Västergötland (27 February 1861 – 24 October 1951) was a Swedish prince.
Prince Félix of Luxembourg (Félix Léopold Marie Guillaume; born 3 June 1984) is the second son of Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa.
Prince Félix of Bourbon-Parma (Félix Marie Vincent; 28 September 1893 – 8 April 1970), later Prince Félix of Luxembourg, was the husband of Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg and the father of her six children, including her successor: Grand Duke Jean.
Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg (Guillaume Marie Louis Christian; born 1 May 1963) is the third son and youngest child of Grand Duke Jean and Grand Duchess Josephine-Charlotte of Luxembourg.
Prince Jean of Luxembourg (given names: Jean Félix Marie Guillaume) was born on 15 May 1957 at Betzdorf Castle, the second son of Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium.
Prince Liam of Nassau (Liam Henri Hartmut; born 28 November 2016) is a Luxembourgish prince and the youngest child of Prince Félix and Princess Claire of Luxembourg.
Prince Louis of Luxembourg (Louis Xavier Marie Guillaume; born 3 August 1986) is the third son of the Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa of Luxembourg.
Prince Philippe of Belgium, Count of Flanders (24 March 1837 – 17 November 1905) was the third born (but second surviving) son of Leopold I, King of the Belgians and his wife Louise d'Orléans (1812–1850).
Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg (Sébastien Henri Marie Guillaume; born 16 April 1992) is the fifth and youngest child of Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa.
Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau (Adelheid-Marie; Adélaïde-Marie) (25 December 1833 – 24 November 1916) was a Princess of Anhalt-Dessau and member of the House of Ascania.
Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg (Alexandra Joséphine Teresa Charlotte Marie Wilhelmine; born 16 February 1991) is the fourth child and only daughter of Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa.
Princess Amalia of Nassau (Amalia Gabriela Maria Teresa; born 15 June 2014) is a Luxembourgish princess and the eldest child of Prince Félix and Princess Claire of Luxembourg.
Princess Claire of Luxembourg (née Claire Lademacher; born 21 March 1985) is a German bioethics researcher currently pursuing a doctorate in the field of organ donation ethics at Pontifical Athenaeum Regina Apostolorum.
Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (Ingeborg Charlotte Caroline Frederikke Louise; 2 August 1878 – 12 March 1958), was a Princess of Sweden by marriage to Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland.
Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (Joséphine-Charlotte Stéphanie Ingeborg Elisabeth Marie-José Marguerite Astrid; 11 October 1927 – 10 January 2005), also Grand Duchess Joséphine Charlotte of Luxembourg was Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg as the wife of Grand Duke Jean.
Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein (born Princess Margaretha of Luxembourg on 15 May 1957) is the fourth child and second daughter of Grand Duke Jean of Luxembourg and Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium.
Princess Marie Gabriele of Luxembourg, Countess of Holstein-Ledreborg (given names: Marie Gabrielle Aldegunde Wilhelmine Louise; born 2 August 1925) is the third daughter and fourth of the six children of Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg and her husband Prince Félix.
Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, later Princess Marie of Belgium, Countess of Flanders (Marie Luise Alexandrine Karoline; 17 November 1845 – 26 November 1912) was a Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, later simply of Hohenzollern, and mother of King Albert I of Belgium.
Sofía of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Σοφία; born 2 November 1938) is a member of the Spanish royal family who served as Queen of Spain during the reign of her husband, King Juan Carlos I, from 1975 to 2014.
The Royal Air Force Regiment (RAF Regiment) is part of the Royal Air Force and functions as a specialist corps founded by Royal Warrant in 1942.
Robert I of France (866 – June 15, 923) was the elected King of West Francia from 922 to 923.
Robert I (Italian: Roberto I Carlo Luigi Maria di Borbone, Duca di Parma e Piacenza; 9 July 1848 – 16 November 1907) was the last sovereign Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1854 to 1859, when the duchy was annexed to Sardinia-Piedmont during the Risorgimento.
Robert II (27 March 972 – 20 July 1031), called the Pious (le Pieux) or the Wise (le Sage), was King of the Franks from 996 until his death.
Robert II (Rodbert, Chrodobert) (died 12 July 807) was a Frankish nobleman who was count of Worms and of Rheingau and Count of Hesbaye around the year 800.
Robert III (800–834), also called Rutpert, was the Count of Worms and Rheingau of a noble Frankish family called the Robertians.
Robert the Strong (– 866) was the father of two kings of West Francia Odo (or Eudes) and Robert I of France.
Robert of Clermont (1256 – 7 February 1317) was created Count of Clermont in 1268.
The Robertians, or Robertines, was the Frankish predecessor family of origin to the ruling houses of France; it emerged to prominence in the ancient Frankish kingdom of Austrasia as early as the eighth centuryin roughly the same region as present-day Belgiumand later emigrated to West Francia, between the Seine and the Loire rivers.
Royal assent or sanction is the method by which a country's monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament.
The Kingdom of Sweden has a long history of awarding royal commemorative insignia.
The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (RMAS or RMA Sandhurst), commonly known simply as Sandhurst, is one of several military academies of the United Kingdom and is the British Army's initial officer training centre.
The Royal Order of the Seraphim (Swedish: Kungliga Serafimerorden; Seraphim being a category of Angels) is a Swedish order of chivalry created by King Frederick I on 23 February 1748, together with the Order of the Sword and the Order of the Polar Star.
The Royal Victorian Order (Ordre royal de Victoria) is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria.
Rudolf Schuster (born 4 January 1934) was President of Slovakia from 1999 to 2004.
Saint-Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume (Sant Maissemin la Santo Baumo) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Sotheby's is a British founded, American multinational corporation headquartered in New York City.
The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta (Supremus Ordo Militaris Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani Rhodius et Melitensis), also known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) or the Order of Malta, is a Catholic lay religious order traditionally of military, chivalrous and noble nature.
The House of Bourbon-Anjou (or simply House of Bourbon-Spain) is the current Spanish Royal Family.
Stéphanie, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (born Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy on 18 February 1984), is the wife of Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume, heir apparent to the throne of Luxembourg.
The Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation (French: Ordre suprême de la Très Sainte Annonciade, Italian: Ordine Supremo della Santissima Annunziata) is a Roman Catholic order of knighthood, originating in Savoy.
Tarja Kaarina Halonen (born 24 December 1943) is a Finnish politician who served as the 11th President of Finland, and the first woman to hold the position, from 2000 to 2012.
Princess Tessy of Luxembourg (born 28 October 1985) is the estranged wife of Prince Louis of Luxembourg and daughter-in-law of Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TCE; commonly referred to as the European Constitution or as the Constitutional Treaty) was an unratified international treaty intended to create a consolidated constitution for the European Union (EU).
The University of Geneva (French: Université de Genève) is a public research university located in Geneva, Switzerland.
William IV (William Alexander; French: Guillaume Alexandre; 22 April 1852 – 25 February 1912) reigned as the Grand Duke of Luxembourg from 17 November 1905 until his death.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
Xavier Bettel (born 3 March 1973) is a Luxembourgish politician and lawyer, serving as the 24th Prime Minister of Luxembourg since 4 December 2013 after succeeding Jean-Claude Juncker.