253 relations: Académie Julian, Al Pacino, Albert C. Barnes, Albert Marquet, Alberto Giacometti, Albright–Knox Art Gallery, Algeria, Alice B. Toklas, Ambroise Vollard, André Derain, André Dunoyer de Segonzac, Anne Distel, Annelies, White Tulips and Anemones, Antoine-Louis Barye, Appendicitis, Armory Show, Art movement, Artists Rights Society, Auguste Rodin, Auschwitz concentration camp, École des Beaux-Arts, Édouard Manet, Ballets Russes, Balthus, Baltimore, Baltimore Museum of Art, Barnes Foundation, Bathers with a Turtle, Beasts of the Sea, Belle Île, Black Leaf on Green Background, Blue Nude (Souvenir de Biskra), Blue Nude II, Bohain-en-Vermandois, Bourgeoisie, Bridgestone Museum of Art, Brittany, Buffalo, New York, Camille Mauclair, Camille Pissarro, Centre Georges Pompidou, Chapelle du Rosaire de Vence, Chasuble, Cimiez, Cleveland Museum of Art, Collage, Collioure, Color theory, Cone sisters, Copenhagen, ..., Corsica, Dance (Matisse), David Rockefeller, Decoupage, Deepa Mehta, Departments of France, Detroit Institute of Arts, Deux fillettes, fond jaune et rouge, Divisionism, Dominican Order, Donatello, Drawing, Facial-maschera (red), Fauvism, Fernande Olivier, French Resistance, French Riviera, Game of Bowls, Georges Braque, Gertrude Stein, Gil Blas (periodical), Gouache, Green Stripe, Guillaume Apollinaire, Gustave Moreau, Hans Purrmann, Henri Rousseau, Henri-Edmond Cross, Henriette Tirman, Henry Kravis, Henry Miller, Hermitage Museum, Hilary Spurling, Honolulu Museum of Art, Igor Stravinsky, Impressionism, Islamic art, J. M. W. Turner, Japanese art, Jazz (Henri Matisse), Jean Cocteau, Jean Dubuffet, Jean Marchand (painter), Jean Puy, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Jewish Museum Frankfurt, Joan Miró, John Elderfield, John Peter Russell, John Russell (art critic), Jules Flandrin, L'Asie, L'Atelier Rouge, La Blouse Roumaine, La Négresse, Landscape at Collioure, Lawrence Gowing, Le Bateau, Le bonheur de vivre, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Le chant du rossignol, Le Corbusier, Le Lanceur De Couteaux, Le Mur Rose, Le rideau jaune, Le Rifain assis, Leo Stein, Leonora Carrington, Les toits de Collioure, Louis Vauxcelles, Louvre, Luxe, Calme et Volupté, Madras Rouge, Maquette, Marc Chagall, Marie Laurencin, Marie-Josée Kravis, Massachusetts, Matisse Museum (Le Cateau), Maurice de Vlaminck, Max Hollein, Max Jacob, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Michael Ondaatje, Michigan, Midnight in Paris, Minneapolis Institute of Art, Missouri, Modern art, Modernism, Modernism/modernity, Montparnasse, Morocco, Moscow, Mourlot Studios, Mural, Musée d'Orsay, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Museum of Modern Art, Music (Matisse), National Gallery of Art, National Gallery of Denmark, Neo-impressionism, Neoclassicism, New York Art Resources Consortium, Nice, Nicolas Poussin, Nord (French department), Notre-Dame, une fin d'après-midi, Odalisque, Odalisque with Raised Arms, Olivier Berggruen, Orientalism, Othon Friesz, Pablo Picasso, Patrick Henry Bruce, Paul Cézanne, Paul Delvaux, Paul Gauguin, Paul Matisse, Paul Signac, Pierre Matisse, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Pinakothek der Moderne, Pointillism, Post-Impressionism, Primitivism, Printmaking, Pushkin Museum, Radio National, Raoul Dufy, Ravensbrück concentration camp, Ray Bradbury, Raymond Escholier, Raymond Mason (sculptor), RCS MediaGroup, Reg Butler, Renaissance, Return to order, Robe violette et Anémones, Rudolf Levy, Running in the Family (memoir), Saint Louis Art Museum, Saint Petersburg, Saint-Tropez, Salon (gathering), Salon d'Automne, Sam Francis, Sarah Stein, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Sculpture, Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt, Sergei Diaghilev, Sergei Shchukin, Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Sophie Matisse, St. Louis, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Stained glass, Still life, Still Life with Geraniums, Suzanne Valadon, Symbolism (arts), Tangier, Tate Modern, Taylor & Francis, The Conversation (painting), The Dance II, The Dessert: Harmony in Red (The Red Room), The New York Times, The Open Window (Matisse), The Painter and His Model, The Plum Blossoms, The Snail, The Sorrows of the King, The Vintage Bradbury, The Young Sailor II, Theodore Roszak (artist), Tokyo, Triptych, Tropic of Cancer, Union Church of Pocantico Hills, Vence, View of Notre-Dame, Vincent van Gogh, Visual arts, Wifredo Lam, William Rubin, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Window at Tangier, Woman in a Purple Coat, Woman on a High Stool, Woman Reading, Woman with a Hat, World War I, Yellow Odalisque, Yves Tanguy, Zao Wou-Ki, Zorah on the Terrace, 27 rue de Fleurus. Expand index (203 more) » « Shrink index
The Académie Julian was a private art school for painting and sculpture founded in Paris, France, in 1867 by French painter and teacher Rodolphe Julian (1839–1907) that was active from 1868 through 1968.
Alfredo James Pacino (born April 25, 1940) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Albert Coombs Barnes (January 2, 1872 – July 24, 1951) was an American chemist, businessman, art collector, writer, and educator, and the founder of the Barnes Foundation in Lower Merion, Pennsylvania.
Albert Marquet (27 March 1875 – 14 June 1947) was a French painter, associated with the Fauvist movement.
Alberto Giacometti (10 October 1901 – 11 January 1966) was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draftsman and printmaker.
The Albright–Knox Art Gallery is an art museum located at 1285 Elmwood Avenue, Buffalo, New York, in Delaware Park.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
Alice Babette Toklas (April 30, 1877 – March 7, 1967) was an American-born member of the Parisian avant-garde of the early 20th century, and the life partner of American writer Gertrude Stein.
Ambroise Vollard (3 July 1866 – 21 July 1939) was a French art dealer who is regarded as one of the most important dealers in French contemporary art at the beginning of the twentieth century.
André Derain (10 June 1880 – 8 September 1954) was a French artist, painter, sculptor and co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse.
André Dunoyer de Segonzac (7 July 1884 – 17 September 1974) was a French painter and graphic artist.
Anne Distel (born Anne Dayez on 19 February 1947) is a French honorary general curator of heritage at the Musée d'Orsay and specialist in Impressionist paintings.
Annelies, White Tulips and Anemones is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1944.
Antoine-Louis Barye (24 September 179525 June 1875) was a Romantic French sculptor most famous for his work as an animalier, a sculptor of animals.
Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix.
The Armory Show, also known as the International Exhibition of Modern Art, was a show organized by the Association of American Painters and Sculptors in 1913.
An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, (usually a few months, years or decades) or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defined within a number of years.
Artists Rights Society (ARS) is a copyright, licensing, and monitoring organization for visual artists in the United States.
François Auguste René Rodin (12 November 1840 – 17 November 1917), known as Auguste Rodin, was a French sculptor.
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
An École des Beaux-Arts (School of Fine Arts) is one of a number of influential art schools in France.
Édouard Manet (23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French painter.
The Ballets Russes was an itinerant ballet company based in Paris that performed between 1909 and 1929 throughout Europe and on tours to North and South America.
Balthasar Klossowski de Rola (February 29, 1908 – February 18, 2001), known as Balthus, was a Polish-French modern artist.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
The Baltimore Museum of Art (BMA), located in Baltimore, Maryland, United States, is an art museum that was founded in 1914.
The Barnes Foundation is an art collection and educational institution promoting the appreciation of art and horticulture.
Bathers with a Turtle is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1907 to 1908, in the collection of the Saint Louis Art Museum in St. Louis, Missouri.
Beasts of the Sea is a paper collage on canvas by Henri Matisse from 1950.
Belle-Île, Belle-Île-en-Mer, or Belle Isle (ar Gerveur in Modern Breton; Guedel in Old Breton) is a French island off the coast of Brittany in the département of Morbihan, and the largest of Brittany's islands.
Black Leaf on Green Background (1952) is a collage by Henri Matisse.
Blue Nude (Souvenir of Biskra) ("Nu bleu, Souvenir de Biskra"), an early 1907 oil painting on canvas by Henri Matisse, is located at the Baltimore Museum of Art as part of the Cone Collection.
Blue Nude II is the second artwork of the Blue Nudes series of cut-outs by Henri Matisse, completed in 1952.
Bohain-en-Vermandois is a commune in the department of Aisne in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
is an art museum in Tokyo, Japan.
Brittany (Bretagne; Breizh, pronounced or; Gallo: Bertaèyn, pronounced) is a cultural region in the northwest of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.
Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.
Séverin Faust (December 29, 1872, Paris – April 23, 1945), better known by his pseudonym Camille Mauclair, was a French poet, novelist, biographer, travel writer, and art critic.
Camille Pissarro (10 July 1830 – 13 November 1903) was a Danish-French Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painter born on the island of St Thomas (now in the US Virgin Islands, but then in the Danish West Indies).
Centre Georges Pompidou, commonly shortened to Centre Pompidou and also known as the Pompidou Centre in English, is a complex building in the Beaubourg area of the 4th arrondissement of Paris, near Les Halles, rue Montorgueil, and the Marais.
The Chapelle du Rosaire de Vence (Chapel of the Rosary), often referred to as the Matisse Chapel or the Vence Chapel, is a small Catholic chapel located in the town of Vence on the French Riviera.
The chasuble is the outermost liturgical vestment worn by clergy for the celebration of the Eucharist in Western-tradition Christian churches that use full vestments, primarily in Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran churches.
Cimiez is a neighborhood in Nice, southern France.
The Cleveland Museum of Art (CMA) is an art museum in Cleveland, Ohio, located in the Wade Park District, in the University Circle neighborhood on the city's east side.
Collage (from the coller., "to glue") is a technique of an art production, primarily used in the visual arts, where the artwork is made from an assemblage of different forms, thus creating a new whole.
Collioure (Cotlliure) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.
In the visual arts, color theory or colour theory is a body of practical guidance to color mixing and the visual effects of a specific color combination.
The Cone sisters were Claribel Cone (1864–1929) and Etta Cone (1870–1949) of Baltimore, Maryland.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
Dance (La Danse) refers to either of two related paintings made by Henri Matisse between 1909 and 1910.
David Rockefeller (June 12, 1915 – March 20, 2017) was an American banker who was chairman and chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation.
Decoupage or Découpage is the art of decorating an object by gluing colored paper cutouts onto it in combination with special paint effects, gold leaf and other decorative elements.
Deepa Mehta, (born September 15, 1950) is an Indo-Canadian film director and screenwriter, most known for her Elements Trilogy, ''Fire'' (1996), Earth (1998), and Water (2005).
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
The Detroit Institute of Arts (DIA), located in Midtown Detroit, Michigan, has one of the largest and most significant art collections in the United States.
Deux fillettes, fond jaune et rouge (Two Girls in a Yellow and Red Interior) (1947), oil on canvas, 61 x 49.8 cm (24 x 19 5/8 inches) is a painting by Henri Matisse in the collection of the Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania.
Divisionism (also called chromoluminarism) was the characteristic style in Neo-Impressionist painting defined by the separation of colors into individual dots or patches which interacted optically.
The Order of Preachers (Ordo Praedicatorum, postnominal abbreviation OP), also known as the Dominican Order, is a mendicant Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega in France, approved by Pope Honorius III via the Papal bull Religiosam vitam on 22 December 1216.
Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi (c. 1386 – 13 December 1466), better known as Donatello, was an Italian Renaissance sculptor from Florence.
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
Facial-Maschera is a fauvism painting by Henri Matisse.
Fauvism is the style of les Fauves (French for "the wild beasts"), a group of early twentieth-century modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism.
Fernande Olivier (born Amélie Lang; 6 June 1881–26 January 1966) was a French artist and model known primarily for having been the model of painter Pablo Picasso, and for her written accounts of her relationship with him.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
The French Riviera (known in French as the Côte d'Azur,; Còsta d'Azur; literal translation "Coast of Azure") is the Mediterranean coastline of the southeast corner of France.
Game of Bowls is a 1908 painting by the French artist Henri Matisse.
Georges Braque (13 May 1882 – 31 August 1963) was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor.
Gertrude Stein (February 3, 1874 – July 27, 1946) was an American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector.
Gil Blas (or Le Gil Blas) was a Parisian literary periodical named for Alain-René Lesage's novel Gil Blas.
Gouache, body color, opaque watercolor, or gouache, is one type of watermedia, paint consisting of Natural pigment, water, a binding agent (usually gum arabic or dextrin), and sometimes additional inert material.
The Green Stripe (La Raie Verte), also known as Portrait of Madame Matisse.
Guillaume Apollinaire (26 August 1880 – 9 November 1918) was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic of Polish descent.
Gustave Moreau (6 April 1826 – 18 April 1898) was a major figure in French Symbolist painting whose main emphasis was the illustration of biblical and mythological figures.
Hans Marsilius Purrmann (April 10, 1880 – April 17, 1966) was a German artist.
Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) at the Guggenheim was a French post-impressionist painter in the Naïve or Primitive manner.
Henri-Edmond Cross, born Henri-Edmond-Joseph Delacroix, (20 May 1856 – 16 May 1910) was a French painter and printmaker.
Jeanne-Henriette Tirman (born 1875 in Charleville-Mézieres (Ardenne); died 30 October 1952 in Sèvres (Hauts-de-Seine)) was a French woman painter and printmaker.
Henry R. Kravis (born January 6, 1944) is an American businessman, investor, and philanthropist.
Henry Valentine Miller (December 26, 1891 – June 7, 1980) was an American writer, expatriated in Paris at his flourishing.
The State Hermitage Museum (p) is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Hilary Spurling, CBE, FRSL (born 25 December 1940) is a British writer, known for her work as a journalist and biographer.
The Honolulu Museum of Art (formerly the Honolulu Academy of Arts) is an art museum in Honolulu, Hawaiokinai.
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (ˈiɡərʲ ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ strɐˈvʲinskʲɪj; 6 April 1971) was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor.
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
Islamic art encompasses the visual arts produced from the 7th century onward by people who lived within the territory that was inhabited by or ruled by culturally Islamic populations.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 177519 December 1851), known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist, known for his expressive colourisation, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings.
Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture, ink painting and calligraphy on silk and paper, ukiyo-e paintings and woodblock prints, ceramics, origami, and more recently manga—modern Japanese cartooning and comics—along with a myriad of other types.
Henri Matisse’s Jazz is a limited-edition art book containing prints of colorful cut-paper collages, accompanied by the artist’s written thoughts.
Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French poet, writer, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker.
Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (31 July 1901 – 12 May 1985) was a French painter and sculptor.
Jean Hippolyte Marchand (1883–1940, Paris) was a French cubist painter, printmaker and illustrator with an association with figures of the Bloomsbury Group.
Jean Puy (8 November 1876 in Roanne, Loire – 6 March 1960 in Roanne) was a French Fauvist artist.
Jean-Antoine Watteau (baptised October 10, 1684 – died July 18, 1721),Wine, Humphrey, and Annie Scottez-De Wambrechies.
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (November 2, 1699 – December 6, 1779) was an 18th-century French painter.
Jean-Paul Riopelle, (7 October 1923 – 12 March 2002) was a painter and sculptor from Quebec, Canada.
The Jewish Museum Frankfurt am Main is the oldest independent Jewish Museum in Germany.
Joan Miró i Ferrà (20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona.
John Elderfield (born 25 April 1943) was Chief Curator of Painting and Sculpture at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, from 2003 to 2008.
John Peter Russell (16 June 185830 April 1930) was an Australian impressionist painter.
John Russell CBE (22 January 1919 – 23 August 2008) was a British American art critic.
Jules Flandrin (1871-1947) was a French painter, printer and draughtsman.
L'Asie (English title: Asia) is a painting by Henri Matisse.
L'Atelier Rouge, also known as The Red Studio, is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1911, in the collection of The Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
La Blouse Roumaine is an oil-on-canvas painting by Henri Matisse from 1940.
La Négresse (1952/1953) by Henri Matisse is a gouache découpée.
Landscape at Collioure is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1905, part of the collection of the Museum of Modern Art.
Sir Lawrence Burnett Gowing (21 April 1918 – 5 February 1991) was an English artist, writer, curator and teacher.
Le Bateau ("The Boat") is a paper-cut from 1953 by Henri Matisse.
Le bonheur de vivre (The Joy of Life) is a painting by Henri Matisse.
Le Cateau-Cambrésis is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Le chant du rossignol (commonly referred to in the USA as The Song of the Nightingale) is a symphonic poem written by Igor Stravinsky in 1917.
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret (6 October 1887 – 27 August 1965), known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture.
Le Lanceur De Couteaux is a paper cut by Henri Matisse from 1947.
Le Mur Rose (full title: Paysage, le mur rose;, Landscape, the Pink Wall), is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1898.
Le rideau jaune (The Yellow Curtain) is a painting by Henri Matisse created in 1915.
Le Rifain assis (Seated Riffian), December 1912, oil on canvas, is a painting by Henri Matisse in the collection of the Barnes Foundation, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Leo Stein (May 11, 1872 – July 29, 1947) was an American art collector and critic.
Leonora Carrington OBE (6 April 191725 May 2011) was an English-born Mexican artist, surrealist painter, and novelist.
Les toits de Collioure is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1905.
Louis Vauxcelles (1 January 1870, Paris21 July 1943, Paris), born Louis Meyer, was an influential French Jewish art critic.
The Louvre, or the Louvre Museum, is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France.
Luxe, Calme et Volupté is an oil painting by the French artist Henri Matisse.
Madras Rouge (The Red Madras Headdress) is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1907.
A maquette (French word for scale model, sometimes referred to by the Italian names plastico or modello) is a small scale model or rough draft of an unfinished sculpture.
Marc Zakharovich Chagall (born Moishe Zakharovich Shagal; 28 March 1985) was a Russian-French artist of Belarusian Jewish origin.
Marie Laurencin (31 October 1883 – 8 June 1956) was a French painter and printmaker.
Marie-Josée Kravis (née Drouin; born September 11, 1949) is a Canadian businesswoman and philanthropist.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Matisse Museum (Musée Départemental Henri Matisse) is a museum in Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France that primarily displays paintings by Henri Matisse.
Maurice de Vlaminck (4 April 1876 – 11 October 1958) was a French painter.
Max Hollein (born 1969, Vienna) is an Austrian art historian who had been serving as Director and CEO of the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco since July 2016.
Max Jacob (12 July 1876 – 5 March 1944) was a French poet, painter, writer, and critic.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.
Philip Michael Ondaatje, (born 12 September 1943), is a Sri Lankan-born Canadian poet, fiction writer, essayist, novelist, editor and filmmaker.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
Midnight in Paris is a 2011 fantasy comedy film written and directed by Woody Allen.
The Minneapolis Institute of Art (Mia), formerly known as the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, is a fine art museum located in the Whittier neighborhood of Minneapolis, Minnesota, on a campus that covers nearly 8 acres (32,000 m²), formerly Morrison Park.
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Modernism/modernity is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal established in 1994 by Lawrence Rainey and Robert van Hallberg.
Montparnasse(French) is an area of Paris, France, on the left bank of the river Seine, centred at the crossroads of the Boulevard du Montparnasse and the Rue de Rennes, between the Rue de Rennes and boulevard Raspail.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Mourlot Studios was a commercial print shop founded in 1852 by the Mourlot family and located in Paris, France.
A mural is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surface.
The Musée d'Orsay is a museum in Paris, France, on the Left Bank of the Seine.
The Musée National d'Art Moderne (National Museum of Modern Art) is the national museum for modern art of France.
The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts, is the fifth largest museum in the United States.
The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, on 53rd Street between Fifth and Sixth Avenues.
Music (La Musique) is a painting made by Henri Matisse in 1910.
The National Gallery of Art, and its attached Sculpture Garden, is a national art museum in Washington, D.C., located on the National Mall, between 3rd and 9th Streets, at Constitution Avenue NW.
The National Gallery of Denmark (Statens Museum for Kunst, also known as "SMK") is the Danish national gallery located in the centre of Copenhagen.
Neo-Impressionism is a term coined by French art critic Félix Fénéon in 1886 to describe an art movement founded by Georges Seurat.
Neoclassicism (from Greek νέος nèos, "new" and Latin classicus, "of the highest rank") is the name given to Western movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of classical antiquity.
The New York Art Resources Consortium (NYARC) consists of the research libraries of three leading art museums in New York City: The Brooklyn Museum, The Frick Collection, and The Museum of Modern Art.
Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.
Nicolas Poussin (June 1594 – 19 November 1665) was the leading painter of the classical French Baroque style, although he spent most of his working life in Rome.
Nord (North; Noorderdepartement) is a department in the far north of France.
Notre-Dame, une fin d'après-midi ("A Glimpse of Notre-Dame in the Late Afternoon") is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1902.
An odalisque (Odalık) was a chambermaid or a female attendant in a Turkish seraglio, particularly the court ladies in the household of the Ottoman sultan.
Odalisque With Raised Arms is a painting by Henri Matisse that was competed in 1923.
Olivier Berggruen (born 14 September 1963) is a German-American art historian and curator, described by the Wall Street Journal as playing "a pivotal role in the art world.".
Orientalism is a term used by art historians and literary and cultural studies scholars for the imitation or depiction of aspects in Middle Eastern, South Asian, and East Asian cultures (Eastern world).
Achille-Émile Othon Friesz (6 February 1879 – 10 January 1949), who later called himself Othon Friesz, a native of Le Havre, was a French artist of the Fauvist movement.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
300px Patrick Henry Bruce (March 25, 1881 – November 12, 1936) was an American cubist painter.
Paul Cézanne (or;; 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century.
Paul Delvaux (23 September 1897 – 20 July 1994) was a Belgian painter famous for his paintings of female nudes.
Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a French post-Impressionist artist.
Paul Matisse (born 1933) is an artist and inventor known for his public art installations, many of which are interactive.
Paul Victor Jules Signac (11 November 1863 – 15 August 1935) was a French Neo-Impressionist painter who, working with Georges Seurat, helped develop the Pointillist style.
Pierre Matisse (June 13, 1900 – August 10, 1989) was a French born American art dealer active in New York City.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
The Pinakothek der Moderne (Pinakothek of the Modern) is a modern art museum, situated in central Munich's Kunstareal.
Pointillism is a technique of painting in which small, distinct dots of color are applied in patterns to form an image.
Post-Impressionism (also spelled Postimpressionism) is a predominantly French art movement that developed roughly between 1886 and 1905, from the last Impressionist exhibition to the birth of Fauvism.
Primitivism is a mode of aesthetic idealization that either emulates or aspires to recreate "primitive" experience.
Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper.
The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts (Музей изобразительных искусств им., also known as ГМИИ) is the largest museum of European art in Moscow, located in Volkhonka street, just opposite the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour.
ABC Radio National, known on-air as RN, is an Australia-wide Public Service Broadcasting radio network run by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
Raoul Dufy (3 June 1877 – 23 March 1953) was a French Fauvist painter, brother of Jean Dufy.
Ravensbrück was a German concentration camp exclusively for women from 1939 to 1945, located in northern Germany, north of Berlin at a site near the village of Ravensbrück (part of Fürstenberg/Havel).
Ray Douglas Bradbury (August 22, 1920June 5, 2012) was an American author and screenwriter.
Raymond Escholier, real name Raymond-Antoine-Marie-Emmanuel Escolier, (25 December 1882 – 19 September 1971) was a French journalist, novelist and art critic.
Raymond Grieg Mason OBE (2 March 1922, in Birmingham, England – 13 February 2010 in Paris, France) was a sculptor.
RCS MediaGroup S.p.A., (formerly Rizzoli-Corriere della Sera) based in Milan and listed on the Italian Stock Exchange, is an international multimedia publishing group that operates in daily newspapers, magazines and books, radio broadcasting, new media and digital and satellite TV.
Reginald Cotterell Butler (28 April 1913 – 23 October 1981) was an English sculptor.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
The return to order (Retour à l'ordre) was a European art movement that followed the First World War, rejecting the extreme avant-garde art of the years up to 1918 and taking its inspiration from traditional art instead.
Robe violette et Anémones is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1937.
Rudolf Levy (15 July 1875, Stettin - January 1944, Italy or Auschwitz) was a German Expressionist painter of Jewish ancestry.
Running in the Family is a fictionalized memoir, written in post-modern style involving aspects of magic realism, by Michael Ondaatje.
The Saint Louis Art Museum is one of the principal U.S. art museums, with paintings, sculptures, cultural objects, and ancient masterpieces from all corners of the world.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Saint-Tropez (Sant-Troupès in Provençal dialect) is a town on the French Riviera, west of Nice in the Var department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southeastern France.
A salon is a gathering of people under the roof of an inspiring host.
The Salon d'Automne (Autumn Salon), or Société du Salon d'automne, is an annual art exhibition held in Paris, France since 1903; it is currently held on the Champs-Élysées, between the Grand Palais and the Petit Palais, in mid October.
Samuel Lewis Francis (June 25, 1923 – November 4, 1994) was an American painter and printmaker.
Sarah Stein (July 26, 1870 - 1953) was an American art collector.
The Süddeutsche Zeitung (German for South German Newspaper), published in Munich, Bavaria, is one of the largest daily newspapers in Germany.
Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions.
Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt (1906) is an oil on canvas painting by Henri Matisse from his Fauvism period, in the collection of Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (sʲɪˈrɡʲej ˈpavɫovʲɪtɕ ˈdʲæɡʲɪlʲɪf; 19 August 1929), usually referred to outside Russia as Serge Diaghilev, was a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes, from which many famous dancers and choreographers would arise.
Sergei Ivanovich Shchukin (Серге́й Ива́нович Щу́кин; 27 May 1854 – 10 January 1936) was a Russian businessman who became an art collector, mainly of French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art.
Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts (SNBA) was the term under which two groups of French artists united, the first for some exhibitions in the early 1860s, the second since 1890 for annual exhibitions.
Sophie Matisse (born February 13, 1965) is an American contemporary artist.
The Staatsgalerie Stuttgart (State Gallery) is an art museum in Stuttgart, Germany, it opened in 1843.
The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.
A still life (plural: still lifes) is a work of art depicting mostly inanimate subject matter, typically commonplace objects which are either natural (food, flowers, dead animals, plants, rocks, shells, etc.) or man-made (drinking glasses, books, vases, jewelry, coins, pipes, etc.). With origins in the Middle Ages and Ancient Greco-Roman art, still-life painting emerged as a distinct genre and professional specialization in Western painting by the late 16th century, and has remained significant since then.
Still Life with Geraniums is a 1910 oil on canvas painting by Henri Matisse.
Suzanne Valadon (23 September 18657 April 1938) was a French painter and artists' model who was born Marie-Clémentine Valadon at Bessines-sur-Gartempe, Haute-Vienne, France.
Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French, Russian and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts.
Tangier (طَنجة Ṭanjah; Berber: ⵟⴰⵏⴵⴰ Ṭanja; old Berber name: ⵜⵉⵏⴳⵉ Tingi; adapted to Latin: Tingis; Tanger; Tánger; also called Tangiers in English) is a major city in northwestern Morocco.
Tate Modern is a modern art gallery located in London.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
The Conversation, a painting by Henri Matisse dating from 1908–1912, depicts the artist and his wife facing each other before a background of intense blue.
The Dance II by Henri Matisse is a triptych mural (15 ft high by 45 ft long) in the Barnes Foundation.
The Dessert: Harmony in Red is a painting by French artist Henri Matisse, from 1908.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Open Window, also known as Open Window, Collioure, is a painting by Henri Matisse.
The Painter and His Model (French titles: Le Peintre dans son atelier, Le peintre et son modèle, l'Atelier, quai Saint-Michel) is a work by Henri Matisse painted late 1916, early 1917.
The Plum Blossoms is a 1948 painting by Henri Matisse.
The Snail (L'escargot) is a collage by Henri Matisse.
The Sorrows of the King is a collage using cut out paper shapes by Henri Matisse from 1952.
The Vintage Bradbury (1965) was the first "best of" collection of the stories of Ray Bradbury, as selected by the author.
The Young Sailor II is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1906.
Theodore Roszak (May 1, 1907 – September 2, 1981) was a Polish-American sculptor and painter.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
A triptych (from the Greek adjective τρίπτυχον "triptukhon" ("three-fold"), from tri, i.e., "three" and ptysso, i.e., "to fold" or ptyx, i.e., "fold") is a work of art (usually a panel painting) that is divided into three sections, or three carved panels that are hinged together and can be folded shut or displayed open.
The Tropic of Cancer, also referred to as the Northern Tropic, is the most northerly circle of latitude on Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead.
Union Church of Pocantico Hills is a historic church located at 555-559 Bedford Road in Pocantico Hills, New York.
Vence is a commune set in the hills of the Alpes Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France between Nice and Antibes.
View of Notre-Dame (French: Une vue de Notre-Dame) is an oil painting by Henri Matisse from 1914.
Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art.
The visual arts are art forms such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, photography, video, filmmaking, and architecture.
Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (December 8, 1902 – September 11, 1982), better known as Wifredo Lam, was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture.
William Stanley Rubin (August 11, 1927January 22, 2006) was an American art scholar.
William-Adolphe Bouguereau (30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter.
Window at Tangier by Henri Matisse (1912 - The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow); also referred to as La Fenêtre à Tanger, Paysage vu d'une fenêtre, and Landscape viewed from a window, Tangiers.
Woman In A Purple Coat or The Purple Coat is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1937.
Woman on a High Stool (French: Femme au tabouret, La femme assise) is an oil painting on canvas by the French artist Henri Matisse from early 1914.
Woman Reading is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1894.
Woman with a Hat (La femme au chapeau) is a painting by Henri Matisse.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Yellow Odalisque is the title of two paintings by Henri Matisse.
Raymond Georges Yves Tanguy (January 5, 1900 – January 15, 1955), known as Yves Tanguy, was a French surrealist painter.
Zao Wou-Ki (1 February 1920 – 9 April 2013) was a Chinese-French painter.
Zorah on the Terrace (1912), oil on canvas, is a painting by Henri Matisse in the collection of The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russia.
27 rue de Fleurus is the location of the former home of Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas in the 6th arrondissement of Paris on the Left Bank of Paris.
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