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Henry Bessemer

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Sir Henry Bessemer (19 January 1813 – 15 March 1898) was an English inventor, whose steelmaking process would become the most important technique for making steel in the nineteenth century for almost one century from year 1856 to 1950. [1]

64 relations: Albert Medal (Royal Society of Arts), American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Anthony Bessemer, £sd, Bessemer City, North Carolina, Bessemer process, Bessemer, Alabama, Bessemer, Michigan, British Science Association, Bull bridge accident, Carbon, Cast iron, Charlton, Hertfordshire, Continuous casting, Cumberland, Darkhill Ironworks, Dee Bridge disaster, Denmark Hill, England, Forest of Dean, French Academy of Sciences, French Revolution, Göran Fredrik Göransson, Gimbal, Half crown (British coin), Hematite, Henry Doulton, Henry Tate, Hertfordshire, Hitchin, Human Accomplishment, Ickleford, Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland, Ironmaster, James Nasmyth, Knight, Krupp, London, Manganese, Nuremberg, Paul Reuter, Pig iron, Plate glass, Queen Victoria, Reverse engineering, Robert Forester Mushet, Rotherham, Royal Society, Second Industrial Revolution, Sheffield, ..., Spiegeleisen, SS Bessemer, SS Bessemer Victory, Steel, Steel City, Tay Bridge disaster, The Times, Trade secret, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, W & J Galloway & Sons, West Norwood Cemetery, William Kelly (inventor), Wootton bridge collapse, Wrought iron. Expand index (14 more) »

Albert Medal (Royal Society of Arts)

The Albert Medal of the Royal Society of Arts (RSA) was instituted in 1864 as a memorial to Prince Albert, who had been President of the Society for 18 years.

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American Academy of Arts and Sciences

The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.

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Anthony Bessemer

Anthony Bessemer was a British engineer and industrialist, who spent large portions of his life in the Netherlands and France before returning to live in London and Hertfordshire.

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£sd

£sd (pronounced /ɛlɛsˈdiː/ ell-ess-dee and occasionally written Lsd) is the popular name for the pre-decimal currencies once common throughout Europe, especially in the British Isles and hence in several countries of the British Empire and subsequently the Commonwealth.

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Bessemer City, North Carolina

Bessemer City is a small suburban city in Gaston County, North Carolina, United States.

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Bessemer process

The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel from molten pig iron before the development of the open hearth furnace.

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Bessemer, Alabama

Bessemer is a city southwest of Birmingham in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.

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Bessemer, Michigan

Bessemer is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan.

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British Science Association

The British Science Association (BSA) is a charity and learned society founded in 1831 to aid in the promotion and development of science.

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Bull bridge accident

The Bull Bridge accident was a failure of a cast-iron bridge at Bullbridge, near Ambergate in Derbyshire on 26 September 1860.

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Carbon

Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.

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Cast iron

Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.

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Charlton, Hertfordshire

Charlton is a hamlet in Hertfordshire, England, close to the town of Hitchin but retaining its separate identity.

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Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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Continuous casting

Continuous casting, also called strand casting, is the process whereby molten metal is solidified into a "semifinished" billet, bloom, or slab for subsequent rolling in the finishing mills.

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Cumberland

Cumberland is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974.

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Darkhill Ironworks

Darkhill Ironworks, and the neighbouring Titanic Steelworks, are internationally important industrial remains associated with the development of the iron and steel industries.

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Dee Bridge disaster

The Dee Bridge disaster was a rail accident that occurred on 24 May 1847 in Chester, resulting in five fatalities.

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Denmark Hill

Denmark Hill is an area and road in Camberwell, in the London Borough of Southwark.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Forest of Dean

The Forest of Dean is a geographical, historical and cultural region in the western part of the county of Gloucestershire, England.

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French Academy of Sciences

The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.

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French Revolution

The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.

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Göran Fredrik Göransson

Göran Fredrik Göransson (20 January 1819 – 12 May 1900) was a Swedish merchant, ironmaster and industrialist.

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Gimbal

A gimbal is a pivoted support that allows the rotation of an object about a single axis.

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Half crown (British coin)

The half crown was a denomination of British money, equivalent to two shillings and sixpence, or one-eighth of a pound.

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Hematite

Hematite, also spelled as haematite, is the mineral form of iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3), one of several iron oxides.

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Henry Doulton

Sir Henry Doulton (25 July 1820 – 18 November 1897) was an English businessman, inventor and manufacturer of pottery, instrumental in developing the firm of Royal Doulton.

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Henry Tate

Sir Henry Tate, 1st Baronet (11 March 18195 December 1899) was an English sugar merchant and philanthropist, noted for establishing the Tate Gallery in London.

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Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.

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Hitchin

Hitchin is a market town in the North Hertfordshire District in Hertfordshire, England, with an estimated population of 33,350.

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Human Accomplishment

Human Accomplishment: The Pursuit of Excellence in the Arts and Sciences, 800 B.C. to 1950 is a 2003 book by Charles Murray, most widely known as the co-author of The Bell Curve (1994).

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Ickleford

Ickleford is a large village situated on the northern outskirts of Hitchin in North Hertfordshire in England.

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Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland

The Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland (IESIS) is a multi-disciplinary professional body and learned society, founded in Scotland, for professional engineers in all disciplines and for those associated with or taking an interest in their work.

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Ironmaster

An ironmaster is the manager, and usually owner, of a forge or blast furnace for the processing of iron.

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James Nasmyth

James Hall Nasmyth (sometimes spelled Naesmyth, Nasmith, or Nesmyth) (19 August 1808 – 7 May 1890) was a Scottish engineer, philosopher, artist and inventor famous for his development of the steam hammer.

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Knight

A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.

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Krupp

The Krupp family (see pronunciation), a prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, became famous for their production of steel, artillery, ammunition, and other armaments.

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London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Manganese

Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.

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New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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Nuremberg

Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.

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Paul Reuter

Paul Julius Freiherr von Reuter (Baron von Reuter; 21 July 1816 – 25 February 1899) was a German-born, British entrepreneur who was a pioneer of telegraphy and news reporting.

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Pig iron

Pig iron is an intermediate product of the iron industry.

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Plate glass

Plate glass, flat glass or sheet glass is a type of glass, initially produced in plane form, commonly used for windows, glass doors, transparent walls, and windscreens.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Reverse engineering

Reverse engineering, also called back engineering, is the process by which a man-made object is deconstructed to reveal its designs, architecture, or to extract knowledge from the object; similar to scientific research, the only difference being that scientific research is about a natural phenomenon.

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Robert Forester Mushet

Robert Forester Mushet (8 April 1811 – 29 January 1891) was a British metallurgist and businessman, born on 8 April 1811, in Coleford, in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, England.

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Rotherham

Rotherham is a large town in South Yorkshire, England, which together with its conurbation and outlying settlements to the north, south and south-east forms the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, with a recorded population of 257,280 in the 2011 census.

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Royal Society

The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.

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Second Industrial Revolution

The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technological Revolution, was a phase of rapid industrialization in the final third of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th.

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Sheffield

Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.

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Spiegeleisen

Spiegeleisen (literally "mirror-iron", —mirror or specular; —iron) is a ferromanganese alloy containing approximately 15% manganese and small quantities of carbon and silicon.

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SS Bessemer

The SS Bessemer (also called the Bessemer Saloon) was an experimental Victorian cross-Channel passenger paddle steamer with a swinging cabin, a concept devised by the engineer and inventor Sir Henry Bessemer, intended to combat seasickness.

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SS Bessemer Victory

SS Bessemer Victory was one of 534 Victory ships built during World War II.

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Steel

Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.

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Steel City

The Steel City is a common nickname for many cities that were once known for their production of large amounts of steel.

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Tay Bridge disaster

The Tay Bridge disaster occurred during a violent storm on Sunday 28 December 1879 when the first Tay Rail Bridge collapsed while a train was passing over it from Wormit to Dundee, killing all aboard.

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The Times

The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.

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Trade secret

A trade secret is a formula, practice, process, design, instrument, pattern, commercial method, or compilation of information not generally known or reasonably ascertainable by others by which a business can obtain an economic advantage over competitors or customers.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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W & J Galloway & Sons

W & J Galloway and Sons was a British manufacturer of steam engines and boilers based in Manchester, England.

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West Norwood Cemetery

West Norwood Cemetery is a cemetery in West Norwood in London, England.

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William Kelly (inventor)

William Kelly (August 21, 1811 – February 11, 1888), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was an American inventor.

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Wootton bridge collapse

The Wootton bridge collapse occurred on 11 June 1861, when the rail bridge over the road between Leek Wootton and Hill Wootton in Warwickshire collapsed under the weight of a passing goods train on the line between Leamington Spa and Kenilworth owned by the London and North Western Railway Company.

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Wrought iron

puddled iron, a form of wrought iron Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%).

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2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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H Bessemer, Sir Henry Bessemer.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Bessemer

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