459 relations: Abdication, Accession Day tilt, Adelaide Festival, Adrian Noble, Aesthetics, Alan Howard, An Age of Kings, An Apology for Poetry, Ancien Régime, Andrew Gurr, Andrew Scott Cairncross, Anime News Network, Anjou, Antonin Artaud, Archery, Arden Shakespeare, Artillery, Assassination of John F. Kennedy, Astronomer, Atavism, Aya Kanno, Babington Plot, Balkans, Barak, Barbara Jefford, Barbican Centre, Barry Jackson (director), Battle of Barnet, Battle of Patay, Battle of Tewkesbury, Battle of Towton, Bavarian State Opera, BBC, BBC One, BBC Radio, BBC Radio 3, BBC Radio 4, BBC Television Shakespeare, BBC Third Programme, Beatitudes, Ben Jonson, Berlin Wall, Berliner Ensemble, Bertolt Brecht, Birmingham Repertory Theatre, Blue Network, Bochum, Book of Judges, Books of Samuel, Bordeaux, ..., Brenda Blethyn, Brian Protheroe, Brian Vickers (literary scholar), British Empire, British Universities Film & Video Council, Burgtheater, Burgundy, Canaan, Carcassonne, Catholic Church, Cavalry, CBC Radio, Cedric Messina, Charles Talbut Onions, Charles VII of France, Charles Wood (playwright), Charlotte Cornwell, Chicago Shakespeare Theater, Chivalry, Christopher Marlowe, Christopher Ricks, Chuk Iwuji, Clive Swift, Colorado Shakespeare Festival, Comedy horror, Complete Works (RSC festival), Constable of the Tower, Constance Benson, Coral Browne, Cornhill-on-Tweed, Coronation, Couplet, Court (royal), Courtyard Theatre, Créteil, Cuban Missile Crisis, Daily Express, Darius I, Dauphin of France, David, David Bevington, David Burke (British actor), David Daker, David Giles (director), David Oyelowo, David Swift (actor), David Warner (actor), Death by burning, Deborah, Demon, Denis, Derek Godfrey, Deutsches Nationaltheater and Staatskapelle Weimar, Devil, Didacticism, Diegesis, Distancing effect, Douglas Hickox, Douglas Seale, Dragon, Drama, Duke of Bedford, Duke of Exeter, Duke of Gloucester, Duke of York, E. K. Chambers, E. M. W. Tillyard, Earl of Suffolk, Edmond Malone, Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, Edmund Ironside (play), Edmund Kean, Edmund Mortimer (1376-1409), Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, Edward Hall, Edward Hall (director), Edward III of England, Edward VIII, Effeminacy, Efflorescence, Eileen Atkins, Elizabeth I of England, Elizabeth II, Elizabeth Morgan (actress), Elizabethan literature, Eltham Palace, English Literary Renaissance, English Shakespeare Company, Ensemble cast, Eric Crozier, F. E. Halliday, F. P. Wilson, Falstaff, Festival dei Due Mondi, Feudalism, First Battle of St Albans, First Epistle to Timothy, Flyting, Form and content, Francis de Wolff, Frank Benson (actor), Frank Middlemass, Franz von Dingelstedt, G. Blakemore Evans, Garter (stockings), Gary Taylor (scholar), George Peele, Giorgio Strehler, Globe Theatre, Globe to Globe Festival, Goliath, Gorboduc (play), Graham Holderness, Grand Constable of France, Hannah Gordon, Hannibal, Have with You to Saffron-Walden, Heavenly host, Hecate, Heir apparent, Helen Mirren, Hell, Henriad, Henry Beaufort, Henry Condell, Henry Herbert (actor), Henry IV of England, Henry IV, Part 1, Henry IV, Part 2, Henry V (play), Henry V of England, Henry VI of England, Henry VI, Part 2, Henry VI, Part 3, Henry VII of England, Henry VIII (play), History of Auvergne, Hobby horse (toy), Holinshed's Chronicles, Horace, House of Lancaster, House of Plantagenet, House of York, Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, Hyperbole, Ian Saynor, Ideology, Infantry, Insanity, Intelligentsia, Israelites, J. Dover Wilson, Jacques d'Arc, James Laurenson, Jan Kott, Janet Suzman, Jean de Dunois, Jean E. Howard, Jean Froissart, Jean II, Duke of Alençon, Joan of Arc, Joanna McCallum, John Barton (director), John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, John Fastolf, John Heminges, John Herman Merivale, John Jowett, John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, John Talbot, 1st Viscount Lisle, Jonathan Bate, Judi Dench, Julia Ford, Julia Foster, Katie Mitchell, Katy Stephens, Kenneth Muir (scholar), King John (play), King of Kings, Knight, Lance, Language, Last Judgment, Le Mans, Leon Rubin, Leopold Lindtberg, Loire, London Bridge, Lord Protector, Lord Strange's Men, Macbeth, Machiavellianism, Manga, Marco Mincoff, Margaret of Anjou, Margaret Thatcher, Mark Hadfield, Mars, Marsh, Mary Morris, Mary, mother of Jesus, Mary, Queen of Scots, Memphis, Egypt, Michael Bogdanov, Michael Boyd (theatre director), Michael Byrne (actor), Michael Hayes (director), Michelle Giroux, Military deployment, Military tactics, Mimesis, Miracle, Monken Hadley Common, Narcissism, Naseeb Shaheen, National Theatre in Belgrade, Nature, Neoclassicism, New Cambridge Shakespeare, New Shakspere Society, Newbury, Berkshire, Nigel Lambert, Notes and Queries, Octavo, Old Testament, Oliver (paladin), Order of the Garter, ORF 2, Orléans, Oxford University Press, Panasonic Globe Theatre, Papal legate, Parquetry, Pasadena Playhouse, Patriotism, Paul Daneman, Peasant, Peggy Ashcroft, Penis, Penny Downie, Peter Alexander (Shakespearean scholar), Peter Benson (actor), Peter Dews (director), Peter Hall (director), Petition, Philip Henslowe, Philip Sidney, Philip the Good, Philological Quarterly, Phraseology, Piccolo Teatro (Milan), Pierce Penniless, Plumage, Political history, Political system, Pope Eugene IV, Prelate, Prequel, Preternatural, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Project Gutenberg, Propeller (theatre company), Protestantism, Provenance, Pun, Pyramid, Quarto, Queen Rhodope, R. A. Foakes, Radio Times, Ralph Fiennes, Raphael Holinshed, Raymond Raikes, Realm, Rebellion, Recusancy, Regent, René of Anjou, Representation (arts), Requiem of the Rose King, Rhetoric, Rhyme, Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, Richard Burton, Richard Grafton, Richard II (play), Richard II of England, Richard III (play), Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, Richard Pearson (actor), Riverside Shakespeare, Robert Atkins (actor), Robert Greene (dramatist), Robert Hands, Robert Speaight, Robin Midgley, Roland, Ronald Brunlees McKerrow, Rose, Rouen, Roy Ridley, Royal Opera House, Royal Shakespeare Company, Royal Shakespeare Theatre, Saint, Salvation, Samson, Samuel Johnson, Screenonline, Seana McKenna, Second Battle of St Albans, Selimus (play), Semantics, Semiosis, Sender Freies Berlin, Shakespeare Quarterly, Shakespeare's plays, Shakespearean history, Shark, Siege, Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, Sign (semiotics), Silver jubilee, Sisera, Slaughterhouse, Slut, Sonia Dresdel, Southwark, Spanish Armada, Spirit, Spoleto, Squaliformes, Squire, St Albans Cathedral, Staatstheater Stuttgart, Stanley Wells, Stationers' Register, Stephen Greenblatt, Stichomythia, Stoicism, Stratford Festival, Streaming media, Stuttgart, Suing for peace, Swan Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon, Swansea Grand Theatre, Symbol, Tactical formation, Tamburlaine, Terry Hands, Terry Scully, Tewkesbury, The Daily Telegraph, The Guardian, The Masque of Blackness, The Old Vic, The Oxford Shakespeare, The Plays of William Shakespeare, The Review of English Studies, The Rose (theatre), The Taming of the Shrew, The Times Literary Supplement, The Troublesome Reign of King John, The True Tragedy of Richard III, The Wars of the Roses (adaptation), The Wounds of Civil War, Theatre of Blood, Theatre of Cruelty, Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, This England: The Histories, Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter, Thomas Gargrave (soldier), Thomas Heywood, Thomas Kyd, Thomas Lodge, Thomas Millington (publisher), Thomas Montagu, 4th Earl of Salisbury, Thomas Nashe, Thomas Norton, Thomas Pavier, Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset, Timon of Athens, Titus Andronicus, Toronto Fringe Festival, Tower of London, Towton, Treason, Trevor Peacock, Trope (literature), University of Toronto Quarterly, Valentine Dyall, Viceroy, Vincent Price, Virginity, Virtus, Vision (spirituality), Vocabulary, Walloons, Wars of the Roses, Watermill Theatre, Western canon, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, William Shakespeare, Witchcraft, York, ZDF. 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Abdication is the act of formally relinquishing monarchical authority.
The Accession Day tilts were a series of elaborate festivities held annually at the court of Elizabeth I of England to celebrate her Accession Day, 17 November, also known as Queen's Day.
The Adelaide Festival of Arts, also known as the Adelaide Festival, is an arts festival held annually in the South Australian capital of Adelaide.
Adrian Keith Noble (born 19 July 1950) is a theatre director, and was also the artistic director and chief executive of the Royal Shakespeare Company from 1990 to 2003.
Aesthetics (also spelled esthetics) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.
Alan MacKenzie Howard, CBE (5 August 1937 – 14 February 2015) was an English actor.
An Age of Kings is a fifteen-part serial adaptation of the eight sequential history plays of William Shakespeare (Richard II, 1 Henry IV, 2 Henry IV, Henry V, 1 Henry VI, 2 Henry VI, 3 Henry VI and Richard III), produced by the BBC in 1960.
An Apology for Poetry (or, The Defence of Poesy) is a work of literary criticism by Elizabethan poet Philip Sidney.
The Ancien Régime (French for "old regime") was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France from the Late Middle Ages (circa 15th century) until 1789, when hereditary monarchy and the feudal system of French nobility were abolished by the.
Andrew John Gurr (born 23 December 1936) is a contemporary literary scholar who specializes in William Shakespeare and English Renaissance theatre.
Andrew Scott Cairncross (25 March 1901 – 17 December 1975) was a Scottish-American scholar of Shakespeare and the English literary renaissance.
Anime News Network (ANN) is an anime industry news website that reports on the status of anime, manga, video games, Japanese popular music and other related cultures within North America, Australia, South East Asia and Japan.
Anjou (Andegavia) is a historical province of France straddling the lower Loire River.
Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud, better known as Antonin Artaud (4 September 1896 – 4 March 1948), was a French dramatist, poet, essayist, actor, and theatre director, widely recognized as one of the major figures of twentieth-century theatre and the European avant-garde.
Archery is the art, sport, practice or skill of using a bow to shoot arrows.
The Arden Shakespeare is a long-running series of scholarly editions of the works of William Shakespeare.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.
In biology, an atavism is a modification of a biological structure whereby an ancestral trait reappears after having been lost through evolutionary change in previous generations.
is a Japanese shōjo manga artist.
The Babington Plot was a plan in 1586 to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I, a Protestant, and put Mary, Queen of Scots, her Roman Catholic cousin, on the English throne.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
Barak (or; בָּרָק, Tiberian Hebrew: Bārāq, البُراق al-Burāq "lightning") was a ruler of Ancient Israel.
Mary Barbara Jefford, OBE (born 26 July 1930) is a British Shakespearean actress best known for her theatrical performances with the Royal Shakespeare Company, the Old Vic and the National Theatre, and her role as Molly Bloom in the 1967 film of James Joyce's Ulysses.
The Barbican Centre is a performing arts centre in the Barbican Estate of the City of London and the largest of its kind in Europe.
Sir Barry Vincent Jackson (6 September 1879 – 3 April 1961), was an English theatre director, entrepreneur and the founder of the Birmingham Repertory Theatre and, alongside George Bernard Shaw, the Malvern Festival.
The Battle of Barnet was a decisive engagement in the Wars of the Roses, a dynastic conflict of 15th-century England.
The Battle of Patay (18 June 1429) was the culminating engagement of the Loire Campaign of the Hundred Years' War between the French and English in north-central France.
The Battle of Tewkesbury, which took place on 4 May 1471, was one of the decisive battles of the Wars of the Roses.
The Battle of Towton was fought on 29 March 1461 during the English Wars of the Roses, near the village of Towton in Yorkshire.
The Bavarian State Opera (German) is an opera company based in Munich, Germany.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC One is the flagship television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands.
BBC Radio is an operational business division and service of the British Broadcasting Corporation (which has operated in the United Kingdom under the terms of a Royal Charter since 1927).
BBC Radio 3 is a British radio station operated by the BBC.
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.
The BBC Television Shakespeare is a series of British television adaptations of the plays of William Shakespeare, created by Cedric Messina and broadcast by BBC Television.
The BBC Third Programme was a national radio service produced and broadcast by the BBC between 1946 and 1970.
The Beatitudes are eight blessings recounted by Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Matthew.
Benjamin Jonson (c. 11 June 1572 – 6 August 1637) was an English playwright, poet, actor, and literary critic, whose artistry exerted a lasting impact upon English poetry and stage comedy.
The Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer) was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
The Berliner Ensemble is a German theatre company established by playwright Bertolt Brecht and his wife, Helene Weigel in January 1949 in East Berlin.
Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and poet.
Birmingham Repertory Theatre, commonly called Birmingham Rep or just The Rep, is a producing theatre based on Centenary Square in Birmingham, England.
The Blue Network (previously the NBC Blue Network) was the on-air name of the now defunct American radio network, which ran from 1927 to 1945.
Bochum (Westphalian: Baukem) is a city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and part of the Arnsberg region.
The Book of Judges (Hebrew: Sefer Shoftim ספר שופטים) is the seventh book of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament.
The Books of Samuel, 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Brenda Anne Blethyn, OBE (née Bottle; 20 February 1946) is an English film, television, and stage actress.
Brian Protheroe (born 16 June 1944) is an English musician and actor.
Sir Brian William Vickers, FBA (born 1937) is a British academic, now Emeritus Professor at ETH Zurich.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Universities Film & Video Council (BUFVC) is a representative body promoting the production, study and use of moving image, sound and related media for learning and research.
The Burgtheater (en: (Imperial) Court Theatre), originally known as K.K. Theater an der Burg, then until 1918 as the K.K. Hofburgtheater, is the Austrian National Theatre in Vienna and one of the most important German language theatres in the world.
Burgundy (Bourgogne) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France.
Canaan (Northwest Semitic:; Phoenician: 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍 Kenā‘an; Hebrew) was a Semitic-speaking region in the Ancient Near East during the late 2nd millennium BC.
Carcassonne (Carcaso) is a French fortified city in the department of Aude, in the region of Occitanie.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
CBC Radio is the English-language radio operations of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
Cedric Messina (14 December 1920 in Port Elizabeth, South Africa — 30 April 1993 in London) was a South-African born British television producer and director who worked for the BBC and is best remembered for his involvement in television productions of classic drama.
Charles Talbut Onions (C. T. Onions) (10 September 1873 – 8 January 1965) was an English grammarian and lexicographer and the fourth editor of the Oxford English Dictionary.
Charles VII (22 February 1403 – 22 July 1461), called the Victorious (le Victorieux)Charles VII, King of France, Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War, ed.
Charles Wood (born 6 August 1932 in St. Peter Port, Guernsey) is a playwright and scriptwriter for radio, television, and film.
Charlotte Cornwell (born 26 April 1949) is an English actress.
Chicago Shakespeare Theater (CST) is a non-profit, professional theater company located at Navy Pier in Chicago, Illinois.
Chivalry, or the chivalric code, is an informal, varying code of conduct developed between 1170 and 1220, never decided on or summarized in a single document, associated with the medieval institution of knighthood; knights' and gentlewomen's behaviours were governed by chivalrous social codes.
Christopher Marlowe, also known as Kit Marlowe (baptised 26 February 156430 May 1593), was an English playwright, poet and translator of the Elizabethan era.
Sir Christopher Bruce Ricks (born 18 September 1933) is a British (although he lives in the US) literary critic and scholar.
Chukwudi Iwuji (born 1975, Nigeria), usually shortened to Chuk Iwuji or Chuck Iwuji, is a Nigerian-British actor.
Clive Walter Swift (born 9 February 1936) is an English actor and songwriter.
The Colorado Shakespeare Festival is a professional acting company in association with the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Comedy horror is a literary and film genre that combines elements of comedy and horror fiction.
The Complete Works was a festival set up by the Royal Shakespeare Company, running between April 2006 and March 2007 at Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England.
The Constable of the Tower is the most senior appointment at the Tower of London.
Gertrude Constance Benson (Samwell; 26 February 1864 – 19 January 1946) was a British stage and film actress.
Coral Edith Browne (23 July 1913 – 29 May 1991) was an Australian-American stage and screen actress.
Cornhill-on-Tweed is a small village and civil parish in Northumberland, England about to the east of Coldstream, Scotland.
A coronation is the act of placement or bestowal of a crown upon a monarch's head.
A couplet is a pair of successive lines of metre in poetry.
A court is an extended royal household in a monarchy, including all those who regularly attend on a monarch, or another central figure.
The Courtyard Theatre was a 1,048 seat thrust stage theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England operated by the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).
Créteil is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France.
The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962 (Crisis de Octubre), the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 13-day (October 16–28, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba.
The Daily Express is a daily national middle market tabloid newspaper in the United Kingdom.
Darius I (Old Persian: Dārayava(h)uš, New Persian: rtl Dāryuš;; c. 550–486 BCE) was the fourth king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire.
The Dauphin of France (Dauphin de France)—strictly The Dauphin of Viennois (Dauphin de Viennois)—was the dynastic title given to the heir apparent to the throne of France from 1350 to 1791 and 1824 to 1830.
David is described in the Hebrew Bible as the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
David Martin Bevington (born May 13, 1931) is an American literary scholar.
David Burke (born 25 May 1934) is an English actor, known for playing Watson in the initial series of Granada Television's 1980s The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, which starred Jeremy Brett in the title role.
Colin David Daker (born 29 September 1935 in Bilston, Staffordshire) is an English actor.
David Giles (18 October 1926 – 6 January 2010) was a British television director.
David Oyetokunbo Oyelowo, (born 1 April 1976) is an English actor and producer.
David Bernard Swift (3 April 1931 – 8 April 2016) was an English actor.
David Hattersley Warner (born 29 July 1941) is an English actor who is known for playing both romantic leads and sinister or villainous characters across a range of media, including stage, film, animation, television and video games.
Deliberately causing death through the effects of combustion, or effects of exposure to extreme heat, has a long history as a form of capital punishment.
According to the Book of Judges chapters 4 and 5, Deborah was a prophet of Yahweh the God of the Israelites, the fourth Judge of pre-monarchic Israel and the only female judge mentioned in the Bible, and the wife of Lapidoth.
A demon (from Koine Greek δαιμόνιον daimónion) is a supernatural and often malevolent being prevalent in religion, occultism, literature, fiction, mythology and folklore.
Saint Denis was a legendary 3rd-century Christian martyr and saint.
Derek Godfrey (3 June 1924 – 18 June 1983) was an English actor, associated with the Royal Shakespeare Company from 1960, who also appeared in several films and BBC television dramatisations during the 1960s and 1970s.
The (DNT) is a German theatre and musical organisation based in Weimar.
A devil (from Greek: διάβολος diábolos "slanderer, accuser") is the personification and archetype of evil in various cultures.
Didacticism is a philosophy that emphasizes instructional and informative qualities in literature and other types of art.
Diegesis (from the Greek διήγησις from διηγεῖσθαι, "to narrate") is a style of fiction storytelling that presents an interior view of a world in which.
The distancing effect, more commonly known (earlier) by John Willett's 1964 translation as the alienation effect or (more recently) as the estrangement effect (Verfremdungseffekt), is a performing arts concept coined by playwright Bertolt Brecht.
Douglas Hickox (10 January 1929 – 25 July 1988) was an English film and television director.
Douglas Seale (28 October 1913 – 13 June 1999) was an English actor, producer and director.
A dragon is a large, serpent-like legendary creature that appears in the folklore of many cultures around the world.
Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance: a play performed in a theatre, or on radio or television.
Duke of Bedford (named after Bedford, England) is a title that has been created six times (for five distinct people) in the Peerage of England.
The title Duke of Exeter was created several times in England in the later Middle Ages, when Exeter was the main town of Devon.
Duke of Gloucester is a British royal title (after Gloucester), often conferred on one of the sons of the reigning monarch.
The Duke of York is a title of nobility in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Sir Edmund Kerchever Chambers, (16 March 1866 – 21 January 1954), usually cited as E. K. Chambers, was an English literary critic and Shakespearean scholar.
Eustace Mandeville Wetenhall Tillyard (1889 – 24 May 1962) was an English classical and literary scholar who was Master of Jesus College, Cambridge from 1945 to 1959.
Earl of Suffolk is a title that has been created four times in the Peerage of England.
Edmond Malone (4 October 1741 – 25 May 1812) was an Irish Shakespearean scholar and editor of the works of William Shakespeare.
Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, KG (1406 – 22 May 1455), was an English nobleman and an important figure in the Wars of the Roses and in the Hundred Years' War.
Edmund Ironside, or War Hath Made All Friends is an anonymous Elizabethan play that depicts the life of Edmund II of England.
Edmund Kean (4 November 178715 May 1833) was a celebrated British Shakespearean stage actor born in England, who performed, among other places, in London, Belfast, New York, Quebec, and Paris. He was somewhat notorious for his short stature, tumultuous personal life, and controversial divorce.
Sir Edmund Mortimer (10 December 1376 – 1409), was an English nobleman who played a part in the rebellions of the Welsh leader, Owain Glyndŵr and the Percys at the beginning of the 15th century.
Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March and 7th Earl of Ulster (6 November 1391 – 18 January 1425) was an English nobleman.
Edward Hall or Halle (1497–1547), was an English lawyer, Member of Parliament, and historian, best known for his The Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of Lancastre and Yorke, commonly known as Hall's Chronicle.
Edward Hall (born 27 November 1966) is an English theatre director and an associate director at The National Theatre.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December the same year, after which he became the Duke of Windsor.
Effeminacy is the manifestation of traits in a boy or man that are more often associated with feminine nature, behavior, mannerism, style, or gender roles rather than with masculine nature, behavior, mannerisms, style or roles.
In chemistry, efflorescence (which means "to flower out" in French) is the migration of a salt to the surface of a porous material, where it forms a coating.
Dame Eileen June Atkins, (born 16 June 1934) is an English actress and occasional screenwriter.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Elizabeth, Lady Child as Elizabeth Morgan is a British actress and writer.
Elizabethan literature refers to bodies of work produced during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603), and is one of the most splendid ages of English literature.
Eltham Palace is a large house in Eltham in the Royal Borough of Greenwich, in south-east London, England.
English Literary Renaissance is a peer-reviewed academic journal dedicated to the study of English literature from 1485 to 1665.
The English Shakespeare Company was an English theatre company founded in 1986 by Michael Bogdanov and Michael Pennington to present and promote the works of William Shakespeare on both a national and an international level.
An ensemble cast is made up of cast members in which multiple principal actors and performers are assigned roughly equal amounts of importance and screen time in a dramatic production.
Eric Crozier OBE (14 November 1914 - 7 September 1994) was a British theatrical director and opera librettist, long associated with Benjamin Britten.
Frank Ernest Halliday (10 February 1903 – 26 March 1982) was an English academic and author.
Frank Percy Wilson FBA (11 October 1889 – 29 May 1963) was a British literary scholar and bibliographer.
Sir John Falstaff is a fictional character who is mentioned in four plays by William Shakespeare and appears on stage in three of them.
The Festival dei Due Mondi (Festival of the Two Worlds) is an annual summer music and opera festival held each June to early July in Spoleto, Italy, since its founding by composer Gian Carlo Menotti in 1958.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
The First Battle of St Albans, fought on 22 May 1455 at St Albans, 22 miles (35 km) north of London, traditionally marks the beginning of the Wars of the Roses.
The First Epistle of Paul to Timothy, usually referred to simply as First Timothy and often written 1 Timothy, is one of three letters in the New Testament of the Bible often grouped together as the Pastoral Epistles, along with Second Timothy and Titus.
Flyting or fliting is a contest consisting of the exchange of insults, often conducted in verse, between two parties.
In art and art criticism, form and content are considered distinct aspects of a work of art.
Francis de Wolff (7 January 1913 – 18 April 1984) was an English character actor.
Sir Francis "Frank" Robert Benson (4 November 1858 – 31 December 1939), commonly known as Frank Benson or F. R. Benson, was an English actor-manager.
Francis George “Frank” Middlemass (28 May 1919 8 September 2006) was an English actor, who even in his early career played older roles.
Franz von Dingelstedt (June 30, 1814 – May 15, 1881) was a German poet, dramatist and theatre administrator.
Gwynne Blakemore Evans (31 March 1912 – 23 December 2005) was an American scholar of Elizabethan literature best known for editing the Riverside Shakespeare edition in 1974.
Garters are articles of clothing: narrow bands of fabric fastened about the leg, used to keep up stockings, and sometimes socks.
Gary Taylor (born 1953) is an American academic, George Matthew Edgar Professor of English at Florida State University, author of numerous books and articles, and joint editor of The Oxford Shakespeare and "Oxford Middleton".
George Peele (baptised 25 July 1556 – buried 9 November 1596) was an English translator, poet, and dramatist, who is most noted for his supposed but not universally accepted collaboration with William Shakespeare on the play Titus Andronicus.
Giorgio Strehler (14 August 1921 – 25 December 1997) was an Italian opera and theatre director.
The Globe Theatre was a theatre in London associated with William Shakespeare.
The Globe to Globe Festival ran from 23 April to 9 June 2012 as part of the World Shakespeare Festival, itself part of the 2012 Cultural Olympiad.
Goliath is described in the biblical Book of Samuel as a tall Philistine warrior who was defeated by young David in single combat. Post-Classical Jewish traditions stressed his status as the representative of paganism, in contrast to David, the champion of the God of Israel. Christian tradition sees in David's overcoming Goliath the victory of God's king over the enemies of God's helpless people and interprets this as prefiguring Jesus' victory over sin and the Church's victory over Satan. The phrase "David and Goliath" (or "David versus Goliath") has taken on a more popular meaning, denoting an underdog situation, a contest where a smaller, weaker opponent faces a much bigger, stronger adversary. "used to describe a situation in which a small or weak person or organization tries to defeat another much larger or stronger opponent: The game looks like it will be a David and Goliath contest.".
The Tragedie of Gorboduc, also titled Ferrex and Porrex, is an English play from 1561.
Graham Holderness (born 1947) is a writer and critic who has published over 40 books, mostly on Shakespeare, and hundreds of chapters and articles of criticism, theory and theology.
The Grand Constable of France (Grand Connétable de France, from Latin comes stabuli for 'count of the stables'), as the First Officer of the Crown, was one of the original five Great Officers of the Crown of France (along with seneschal, chamberlain, butler, and chancellor) and Commander in Chief of the army.
Hannah Campbell Grant Gordon, Film reference website (born 9 April 1941) is a British actress who is well known in the United Kingdom for her television work, including My Wife Next Door (1972), Upstairs, Downstairs (1974–75), Telford's Change (1979), Joint Account (1989–90) and an appearance in the final episode of One Foot in the Grave.
Hannibal Barca (𐤇𐤍𐤁𐤏𐤋 𐤁𐤓𐤒 ḥnb‘l brq; 247 – between 183 and 181 BC) was a Carthaginian general, considered one of the greatest military commanders in history.
"Have With You To Saffron-Walden, Or, Gabriell Harveys hunt is up" is the title of a pamphlet written by Thomas Nashe and published in London in late 1596 by John Danter.
Heavenly host (צבאות ''sabaoth'' or ''tzva'ot'', "armies") refers to the army of angels mentioned both in the Hebrew and Christian Bibles, as well as other Jewish and Christian texts.
Hecate or Hekate (Ἑκάτη, Hekátē) is a goddess in ancient Greek religion and mythology, most often shown holding a pair of torches or a keyThe Running Maiden from Eleusis and the Early Classical Image of Hekate by Charles M. Edwards in the American Journal of Archaeology, Vol.
An heir apparent is a person who is first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person.
Dame Helen Lydia Mirren, (born 26 July 1945) is an English actor.
Hell, in many religious and folkloric traditions, is a place of torment and punishment in the afterlife.
Henriad is a common title used by scholars for Shakespeare's second historical tetralogy, comprising Richard II; Henry IV, Part 1; Henry IV, Part 2; and Henry V. The plays depict the destabilising effects of the violation of political continuity with the overthrow of Richard II of England followed by the growth of Henry V of England from a wild youth to a great war leader in Henry V. Although it was the second tetralogy to be written and performed, the subject matter comes chronologically before the first tetralogy comprising the three Henry VI plays and Richard III.
Henry Beaufort (c. 1375 – 11 April 1447) was a medieval English clergyman, Bishop of Lincoln (1398) and then Winchester (1404) and from 1426 a Cardinal.
Henry Condell (5 September 1576 (baptised) – December 1627) was an actor in the King's Men, the playing company for which William Shakespeare wrote.
Henry Herbert (c. 1879 – 20 February 1947) was an English stage actor and producer, who became well known in the United States.
Henry IV (15 April 1367 – 20 March 1413), also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was King of England and Lord of Ireland from 1399 to 1413, and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France.
Henry IV, Part 1 is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written no later than 1597.
Henry IV, Part 2 is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written between 1596 and 1599.
Henry V is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written near 1599.
Henry V (9 August 1386 – 31 August 1422) was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 36 in 1422.
Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453.
Henry VI, Part 2 (often written as 2 Henry VI) is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1591 and set during the lifetime of King Henry VI of England.
Henry VI, Part 3 (often written as 3 Henry VI) is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1591 and set during the lifetime of King Henry VI of England.
Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death on 21 April 1509.
Henry VIII is a collaborative history play, written by William Shakespeare and John Fletcher, based on the life of King Henry VIII of England.
The history of the Auvergne dates back to the early Middle Ages, when it was a historic province in south central France.
A hobby horse (or hobby-horse) is a child's toy horse, particularly popular during the days before cars.
Holinshed's Chronicles, also known as Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland, is a collaborative work published in several volumes and two editions, the first in 1577, and the second in 1587.
Quintus Horatius Flaccus (December 8, 65 BC – November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus (also known as Octavian).
The House of Lancaster was the name of two cadet branches of the royal House of Plantagenet.
The House of Plantagenet was a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France.
The House of York was a cadet branch of the English royal House of Plantagenet.
Humphrey of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Gloucester, KG (3 October 1390 – 23 February 1447) was an English nobleman, soldier, and literary patron.
Hyperbole (ὑπερβολή, huperbolḗ, from ὑπέρ (hupér, "above") and βάλλω (bállō, "I throw")) is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech.
Ian Saynor is a British film and television actor.
An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
Insanity, craziness, or madness is a spectrum of both group and individual behaviors characterized by certain abnormal mental or behavioral patterns.
The intelligentsia (/ɪnˌtelɪˈdʒentsiə/) (intelligentia, inteligencja, p) is a status class of educated people engaged in the complex mental labours that critique, guide, and lead in shaping the culture and politics of their society.
The Israelites (בני ישראל Bnei Yisra'el) were a confederation of Iron Age Semitic-speaking tribes of the ancient Near East, who inhabited a part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods.
John Dover Wilson CH (13 July 1881 – 15 January 1969) was a professor and scholar of Renaissance drama, focusing particularly on the work of William Shakespeare.
Jacques d'Arc or Darc (1380–1440) was a farmer in the village of Domrémy in Lorraine, and the father of the French heroine and Roman Catholic sainte Jeanne d'Arc, better known in English as Joan of Arc.
James Laurenson (born 17 February 1940) is a New Zealand-born stage and screen actor.
Jan Kott (October 27, 1914 – December 23, 2001) was a Polish political activist, critic and theoretician of the theatre.
Dame Janet Suzman, (born 9 February 1939) is a South African/British actress who enjoyed a successful early career in the Royal Shakespeare Company, later replaying many Shakespearean roles, among others, on TV.
Jean de Dunois (23 November 1402 – 24 November 1468), also called John of Orléans and Jean de Duno (Jean d'Orléans), was the illegitimate son of Louis I, Duke of Orléans, by Mariette d'Enghien.
Jean Elizabeth Howard (born October 20, 1948 in Houlton, Maine) is an American professor in English studies and a Shakespeare scholar.
Jean Froissart (Old French, Middle French Jehan, –) was a French-speaking medieval author and court historian from the Low Countries, who wrote several works, including Chronicles and Meliador, a long Arthurian romance, and a large body of poetry, both short lyrical forms, as well as longer narrative poems.
John II of Alençon (2 March 1409, Château d'Argentan – 8 September 1476, Paris) was the son of John I of Alençon and his wife Marie of Brittany, Lady of La Guerche (1391–1446), daughter of John V, Duke of Brittany and Joan of Navarre.
Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc; 6 January c. 1412Modern biographical summaries often assert a birthdate of 6 January for Joan, which is based on a letter from Lord Perceval de Boulainvilliers on 21 July 1429 (see Pernoud's Joan of Arc By Herself and Her Witnesses, p. 98: "Boulainvilliers tells of her birth in Domrémy, and it is he who gives us an exact date, which may be the true one, saying that she was born on the night of Epiphany, 6 January"). – 30 May 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (La Pucelle d'Orléans), is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.
Joanna McCallum (born 27 June 1950) is an English theatre, film and television actress.
John Bernard Adie Barton CBE (26 November 1928 – 18 January 2018) was a British theatre director and (with Peter Hall) a co-founder of the Royal Shakespeare Company.
John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, (1403 – 27 May 1444) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
Sir John Fastolf KG (1380 – 5 November 1459) was a medieval English warrior, knight, and landowner, who was active during the Hundred Years' War in France.
John Heminges (sometimes spelled Heming or Heminge) (bapt. 25 November 1566 – 10 October 1630) was an actor in the King's Men, the playing company for which William Shakespeare wrote.
John Herman Merivale (5 August 1779 – 25 April 1844, Bedford Square) was an English barrister and man of letters.
John D. Jowett is an English Shakespeare scholar and editor.
John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, KG (20 June 138914 September 1435), was a medieval English nobleman, soldier, and statesman.
John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and 1st Earl of Waterford KG (1384/138717 July 1453), known as "Old Talbot", was a noted English military commander during the Hundred Years' War, as well as the only Constable of France appointed by the king of England.
John Talbot, 1st Baron Lisle and 1st Viscount Lisle (1430 – 17 July 1453), English nobleman and medieval soldier, was the son of John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, and his second wife Margaret Beauchamp.
Sir Andrew Jonathan Bate, CBE, FBA, FRSL (born 26 June 1958), is a British academic, biographer, critic, broadcaster, novelist and scholar.
Dame Judith Olivia Dench, (born 9 December 1934) is an English actress.
Julia Ford is a British actress and TV/ film/ radio director.
Julia Foster (born 2 August 1943) is an English stage, screen, and television actress.
Katrina Jane Mitchell, OBE (born 23 September 1964) is an English theatre director.
Katy Stephens (born 1970 in Southampton, England) is an award-winning, British actress and former children's presenter.
Kenneth Arthur Muir (5 May 1907 – 30 September 1996) was a literary scholar and author, prominent in the fields of Shakespeare studies and English Renaissance theatre.
The Life and Death of King John, a Shakespearean historic play by William Shakespeare, dramatises the reign of John, King of England (ruled 1199–1216), son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine and father of Henry III of England.
The genitive phrase King of Kings (Assyrian šar šarrāni, Hebrew מֶלֶךְ מְלָכִים melek mĕlakîm, Persian شاهنشاه) is a superlative expression for "great king" or high king; it is probably originally of Semitic origins (compare the superlatives Lord of Lords, Song of Songs or Holy of Holies), but from there was also adopted in Persian (Shahanshah), Hellenistic and Christian traditions.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
The lance is a pole weapon designed to be used by a mounted warrior or cavalry soldier (lancer).
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
The Last Judgment, Final Judgment, Day of Judgment, Judgment Day, Doomsday, or The Day of the Lord (Hebrew Yom Ha Din) (יום הדין) or in Arabic Yawm al-Qiyāmah (یوم القيامة) or Yawm ad-Din (یوم الدین) is part of the eschatological world view of the Abrahamic religions and in the Frashokereti of Zoroastrianism.
Le Mans is a city in France, on the Sarthe River.
Professor Leon Rubin is a UK, Theatre Director, Theatre Management Consultant, Professor, Writer, and Director of East 15 Acting School, University of Essex.
Leopold Lindtberg (born in Vienna on 1 June 1902; died in Sils im Engadin/Segl on 18 April 1984) was an Austrian Swiss film and theatre director.
The Loire (Léger; Liger) is the longest river in France and the 171st longest in the world.
Several bridges named London Bridge have spanned the River Thames between the City of London and Southwark, in central London.
Lord Protector (pl. Lords Protectors) is a title that has been used in British constitutional law for the head of state.
Lord Strange's Men was an Elizabethan playing company, comprising retainers of the household of Ferdinando Stanley, Lord Strange (pronounced "strang").
Macbeth (full title The Tragedy of Macbeth) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare; it is thought to have been first performed in 1606.
Machiavellianism is "the employment of cunning and duplicity in statecraft or in general conduct".
are comics created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.
Marco Mincoff (1909-1987) Shakespearean scholar and professor of English Studies at the University of Sofia.
Margaret of Anjou (Marguerite; 23 March 1430 – 25 August 1482) was the Queen of England by marriage to King Henry VI from 1445 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Mark Hadfield is an English actor.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species.
Mary Lilian Agnes Morris (13 December 1915 – 14 October 1988) was a British actress.
Mary was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.
Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.
Memphis (مَنْف; ⲙⲉⲙϥⲓ; Μέμφις) was the ancient capital of Aneb-Hetch, the first nome of Lower Egypt.
Michael Bogdanov (15 December 1938 – 16 April 2017) was a Welsh theatre director known for his work with new plays, modern reinterpretations of Shakespeare, musicals and work for young people.
Sir Michael Boyd (born 6 July 1955) is a British theatre director, and the former artistic director of the Royal Shakespeare Company.
Michael Byrne (born 7 November 1943) is an English actor noted for his roles in the National Theatre, Hollywood films, and television shows.
Michael Hayes (3 April 1929 – 16 September 2014) was a British television director and newsreader.
Michelle Giroux (born 1975) is a Canadian stage, television and film actress whose credits include numerous productions at the Stratford Shakespeare Festival over nine seasons.
Military deployment is the movement of armed forces and their logistical support infrastructure around the world.
Military tactics encompasses the art of organising and employing fighting forces on or near the battlefield.
Mimesis (μίμησις (mīmēsis), from μιμεῖσθαι (mīmeisthai), "to imitate", from μῖμος (mimos), "imitator, actor") is a critical and philosophical term that carries a wide range of meanings, which include imitation, representation, mimicry, imitatio, receptivity, nonsensuous similarity, the act of resembling, the act of expression, and the presentation of the self.
A miracle is an event not explicable by natural or scientific laws.
Monken Hadley Common lies within the Monken Hadley Conservation Area, and is listed as a “Site of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation, Grade I,” by the London Borough of Barnet.
Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's own attributes.
Naseeb Azeez Shaheen (June 21, 1931 - September 26, 2009) was an American scholar who specialized in Biblical allusions in the work of Shakespeare.
The National Theatre (Народно позориште / Narodno pozorište) is a theatre located in Belgrade, Serbia.
Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.
Neoclassicism (from Greek νέος nèos, "new" and Latin classicus, "of the highest rank") is the name given to Western movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of classical antiquity.
The New Cambridge Shakespeare is a series of critical editions of the plays of William Shakespeare published by Cambridge University Press.
The New Shakspere Society was founded in autumn 1873 by Frederick James Furnivall in order "to do honor to Shakspere, to make out the succession of his plays, and thereby the growth of his mind and art; to promote the intelligent study of him, and to print Texts illustrating his works and times..." Furnivall deliberately used an archaic spelling of Shakespeare's name in order to distinguish his Society from the earlier Shakespeare Society (1840-1853) organized by John Payne Collier.
Newbury is a market town in Berkshire, England, which is the administrative headquarters of West Berkshire.
Nigel Lambert (born 11 May 1944), is an English voice actor, best known for his role as the narrator of the first series of the BBC comedy series Look Around You.
Notes and Queries is a long-running quarterly scholarly journal that publishes short articles related to "English language and literature, lexicography, history, and scholarly antiquarianism".
Octavo, a Latin word meaning "in eighth" or "for the eighth time", (abbreviated 8vo, 8°, or In-8) is a technical term describing the format of a book, which refers to the size of leaves produced from folding a full sheet of paper on which multiple pages of text were printed to form the individual sections (or gatherings) of a book.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
Oliver (in Italian: Uliviero or Oliviero), sometimes referred to as Olivier de Vienne or de Gennes, is a fictional knight in the Matter of France chansons de geste, especially the French epic The Song of Roland.
The Order of the Garter (formally the Most Noble Order of the Garter) is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry (though in precedence inferior to the military Victoria Cross and George Cross) in England and the United Kingdom.
ORF 2 is an Austrian television channel owned by ORF.
Orléans is a prefecture and commune in north-central France, about 111 kilometres (69 miles) southwest of Paris.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Panasonic Globe Theatre in Tokyo, Japan, was designed by Isozaki Arata and opened in 1988 to showcase local and international productions of Shakespeare's plays.
A woodcut showing Henry II of England greeting the pope's legate. A papal legate or Apostolic legate (from the Ancient Roman title legatus) is a personal representative of the pope to foreign nations, or to some part of the Catholic Church.
Parquet (from the French "a small compartment") is a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effect in flooring.
The Pasadena Playhouse is a historic performing arts venue located 39 S. El Molino Avenue in Pasadena, California, United States.
Patriotism or national pride is the ideology of love and devotion to a homeland, and a sense of alliance with other citizens who share the same values.
Paul Frederick Daneman (29 October 1925 – 28 April 2001) was an English film, television and theatre actor.
A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord.
Dame Edith Margaret Emily Ashcroft, DBE (22 December 1907 – 14 June 1991), known professionally as Peggy Ashcroft, was an English actress whose career spanned more than sixty years.
A penis (plural penises or penes) is the primary sexual organ that male animals use to inseminate sexually receptive mates (usually females and hermaphrodites) during copulation.
Penny Downie (born 1954) is an Australian actress, noted for her appearances on British television.
Peter Alexander, CBE, FBA (19 September 1893 – 18 June 1969) was Regius professor of English language and literature at the University of Glasgow and a noted Shakespearean scholar.
Peter Benson (born 13 June 1943) is an English actor probably best known as Bernie Scripps in the popular ITV TV-series Heartbeat, a drama about the police in the fictional "Aidensfield" in the 1960s.
Peter Dews (26 September 1929, Wakefield, Yorkshire, England – 25 August 1997) was an English stage director.
Sir Peter Reginald Frederick Hall CBE (22 November 1930 11 September 2017) was an English theatre, opera and film director whose obituary in The Times declared him "the most important figure in British theatre for half a century" and on his death a Royal National Theatre statement declared that Hall’s "influence on the artistic life of Britain in the 20th century was unparalleled".
A petition is a request to do something, most commonly addressed to a government official or public entity.
Philip Henslowe (c. 1550 – 6 January 1616) was an Elizabethan theatrical entrepreneur and impresario.
Sir Philip Sidney (30 November 1554 – 17 October 1586) was an English poet, courtier, scholar, and soldier, who is remembered as one of the most prominent figures of the Elizabethan age.
Philip the Good (Philippe le Bon, Filips de Goede; 31 July 1396 – 15 June 1467) was Duke of Burgundy as Philip III from 1419 until his death.
The Philological Quarterly is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering research on medieval European and modern literature and culture.
In linguistics, phraseology is the study of set or fixed expressions, such as idioms, phrasal verbs, and other types of multi-word lexical units (often collectively referred to as phrasemes), in which the component parts of the expression take on a meaning more specific than or otherwise not predictable from the sum of their meanings when used independently.
The Piccolo Teatro della Città di Milano (translation: "Little Theatre of the City of Milan") is a theatre in Milan, Italy.
Pierce Penniless, His Supplication to the Divell is a tall tale, or a prose satire, written by Thomas Nashe and published in London in 1592.
Plumage ("feather") refers both to the layer of feathers that cover a bird and the pattern, colour, and arrangement of those feathers.
Political history is the narrative and analysis of political events, ideas, movements, organs of government, voters, parties and leaders.
A political system is a system of politics and government.
Pope Eugene IV (Eugenius IV; 1383 – 23 February 1447), born Gabriele Condulmer, was Pope from 3 March 1431 to his death in 1447.
A prelate is a high-ranking member of the clergy who is an ordinary or who ranks in precedence with ordinaries.
A prequel is a literary, dramatic, or cinematic work whose story precedes that of a previous work, by focusing on events that occur before the original narrative.
The preternatural or praeternatural is that which appears outside or beside (Latin præter) the natural.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".
Propeller is a theatre company which presents the plays of William Shakespeare in the UK and around the world.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Provenance (from the French provenir, 'to come from/forth') is the chronology of the ownership, custody or location of a historical object.
The pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.
A pyramid (from πυραμίς) is a structure whose outer surfaces are triangular and converge to a single point at the top, making the shape roughly a pyramid in the geometric sense.
Quarto (abbreviated Qto, 4to or 4°) is a book or pamphlet produced from full "blanksheets", each of which is printed with eight pages of text, four to a side, then folded twice to produce four leaves (that is, eight book pages).
Queen Rhodope of Thrace was the wife of Haemus.
Reginald A. Foakes (18 October 1923 - 22 December 2013 in Stratford Upon Avon) was an English author and Shakespeare scholar.
Radio Times is a British weekly television and radio programme listings magazine.
Ralph Nathaniel Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes (. The Guardian. Retrieved 10 April 2008 born 22 December 1962) is an English actor, film producer and director.
Raphael Holinshed (1529–1580) was an English chronicler, whose work, commonly known as Holinshed's Chronicles, was one of the major sources used by William Shakespeare for a number of his plays.
Raymond Montgomery Raikes (13 September 1910 – 2 October 1998) was a British theatre producer, director and broadcaster.
A realm is a community or territory over which a sovereign rules; It is commonly used to describe a kingdom or other monarchical or dynastic state.
Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order.
Recusancy was the state of those who refused to attend Anglican services during the history of England and Wales and of Ireland; these individuals were known as recusants.
A regent (from the Latin regens: ruling, governing) is a person appointed to govern a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated.
René of Anjou (Rainièr d'Anjau; René d'Anjou; 1409–1480), also known as René I of Naples (Renato I di Napoli) and Good King René (Rai Rainièr lo Bòn; Le bon roi René), was count of Piedmont, Duke of Bar (1430–80), Duke of Lorraine (1431–53), Duke of Anjou, Count of Provence (1434–80), King of Naples (1435–42; titular 1442–80), titular King of Jerusalem (1438–80) and Aragon including Sicily, Majorca and Corsica (1466–70).
Representation is the use of signs that stand in for and take the place of something else.
is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Aya Kanno, and licensed in North America by Viz Media.
Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.
A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounds (or the same sound) in two or more words, most often in the final syllables of lines in poems and songs.
Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, Count of Aumale, KG (25 or 28 January 1382Christine Carpenter, 'Beauchamp, Richard, thirteenth earl of Warwick (1382–1439)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004. – 30 April 1439) was an English medieval nobleman and military commander.
Richard Burton, CBE (born Richard Walter Jenkins Jr.; 10 November 19255 August 1984) was a Welsh actor.
Richard Grafton (c. 1506/7 or 1511 – 1573) was King's Printer under Henry VIII and Edward VI.
King Richard the Second is a history play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in approximately 1595.
Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399.
Richard III is a historical play by William Shakespeare believed to have been written around 1593.
Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (jure uxoris), 6th Earl of Salisbury, (22 November 1428 – 14 April 1471), known as Warwick the Kingmaker, was an English nobleman, administrator, and military commander.
Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (c. 20 July 1375 – 5 August 1415) was the second son of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, and Isabella of Castile.
Richard of York (also known as Richard Plantagenet), 3rd Duke of York KG (21 September 1411 – 30 December 1460), was a leading medieval English magnate, a great-grandson of King Edward III through his father, and a great-great-great-grandson of the same king through his mother.
Richard de Pearsall Pearson (1 August 1918 – 2 August 2011), was an English character actor, who appeared in numerous film, television and stage productions over a period of 65 years.
The Riverside Shakespeare is a long-running series of editions of the complete works of William Shakespeare published by the Houghton Mifflin company.
Sir (Alexander) Robert Atkins, CBE (10 August 1886 – 9 February 1972) was an English actor, producer and director.
Robert Greene (baptised 11 July 1558, died 3 September 1592) was an English author popular in his day, and now best known for a posthumous pamphlet attributed to him, Greenes, Groats-worth of Witte, bought with a million of Repentance, widely believed to contain an attack on William Shakespeare.
Robert Hands is a British actor based in London.
Robert William Speaight (1904 – 1976) was a British actor and writer, and the brother of George Speaight, the puppeteer.
Robin Midgley (10 November 1934 – 19 May 2007) was a director in theatre, television and radio and responsible for some of the earliest episodes of Z-Cars and for the television version of the Royal Shakespeare Company's Wars of the Roses.
Roland (Frankish: *Hrōþiland; Latin: Hruodlandus, Rotholandus; died 15 August 778) was a Frankish military leader under Charlemagne who became one of the principal figures in the literary cycle known as the Matter of France.
Ronald Brunlees McKerrow, FBA (12 December 1872 – 20 January 1940) was one of the leading bibliographers and Shakespeare scholars of the 20th century.
A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.
Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.
Maurice Roy Ridley (25 January 1890, in Orcheston St Mary – 12 June 1969) was a writer and poet, Fellow and Chaplain of Balliol College, Oxford.
The Royal Opera House (ROH) is an opera house and major performing arts venue in Covent Garden, central London.
The Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC) is a major British theatre company, based in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England.
The Royal Shakespeare Theatre (RST) is a 1,040+ seat thrust stage theatre owned by the Royal Shakespeare Company dedicated to the English playwright and poet William Shakespeare.
A saint (also historically known as a hallow) is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God.
Salvation (salvatio; sōtēría; yāšaʕ; al-ḵalaṣ) is being saved or protected from harm or being saved or delivered from a dire situation.
Samson (Shimshon, "man of the sun") was the last of the judges of the ancient Israelites mentioned in the Book of Judges in the Hebrew Bible (chapters 13 to 16) and one of the last of the leaders who "judged" Israel before the institution of the monarchy.
Samuel Johnson LL.D. (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr.
Screenonline is a website about the history of British film, television and social history as documented by film and television.
Seana McKenna (born 15 August 1956) is a Canadian actress primarily associated with stage roles at the Stratford Shakespeare Festival.
The Second Battle of St Albans was a battle of the English Wars of the Roses, fought on 17 February 1461, at St Albans in Hertfordshire.
Selimus, or The Tragedy of Selimus, Sometime Emperor of the Turks, is a dramatic tragedy generally attributed to the authors Robert Greene and Thomas Lodge.
Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.
Semiosis (from the σημείωσις, sēmeíōsis, a derivation of the verb σημειῶ, sēmeiô, "to mark") is any form of activity, conduct, or process that involves signs, including the production of meaning.
Sender Freies Berlin (SFB) was the ARD public radio and television service for West Berlin from 1 June 1954 until 1990 and for Berlin as a whole from German reunification until 30 April 2003.
Shakespeare Quarterly is a peer-reviewed academic journal established in 1950 by the.
The plays written by English poet, playwright, and actor William Shakespeare have the reputation of being among the greatest in the English language and in Western literature.
In the First Folio, the plays of William Shakespeare were grouped into three categories: comedies, histories, and tragedies.
Sharks are a group of elasmobranch fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral fins that are not fused to the head.
A siege is a military blockade of a city, or fortress, with the intent of conquering by attrition, or a well-prepared assault.
Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 in Nuremberg – 9 December 1437 in Znaim, Moravia) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last male member of the House of Luxembourg.
In semiotics, a sign is anything that communicates a meaning that is not the sign itself to the interpreter of the sign.
Silver jubilee is a celebration held to mark a 25th anniversary.
Sisera (Hebrew: סִיסְרָא Sîsərā) was commander of the Canaanite army of King Jabin of Hazor, who is mentioned in of the Hebrew Bible.
A slaughterhouse or abattoir is a facility where animals are slaughtered for consumption as food.
Slut is generally a term for a woman or girl who is considered to have loose sexual morals or who is sexually promiscuous.
Sonia Dresdel (5 May 1909 – 18 January 1976) was an English actress, whose career ran between the 1940s and 1970s.
Southwark is a district of Central London and part of the London Borough of Southwark.
The Spanish Armada (Grande y Felicísima Armada, literally "Great and Most Fortunate Navy") was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in late May 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia, with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
A spirit is a supernatural being, often but not exclusively a non-physical entity; such as a ghost, fairy, or angel.
Spoleto (Latin Spoletium) is an ancient city in the Italian province of Perugia in east-central Umbria on a foothill of the Apennines.
The Squaliformes are an order of sharks that includes about 126 species in seven families.
Starting in the Middle Ages, a squire was the shield- or armour-bearer of a knight.
St Albans Cathedral, sometimes called the Cathedral and Abbey Church of St Alban, and referred to locally as "the Abbey", is a Church of England cathedral in St Albans, England.
The Staatstheater Stuttgart (Stuttgart State Theatre) are a multi-branch-theatre with the branches Oper Stuttgart (Opera Stuttgart), Stuttgart Ballet (Stuttgarter Ballett) and Stuttgart Drama Theatre (Schauspiel Stuttgart) in Stuttgart, Germany.
Sir Stanley William Wells CBE (born 21 May 1930) is a Shakespearean scholar, writer, professor and editor who has been honorary president of the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, professor emeritus at the University of Birmingham, and author of a number of books about Shakespeare, including Shakespeare Sex and Love, and is general editor of the Oxford and Penguin Shakespeares.
The Stationers’ Register was a record book maintained by the Stationers' Company of London.
Stephen Jay Greenblatt (born November 7, 1943) is an American Shakespearean, literary historian, and author.
Stichomythia (Greek: Στιχομυθία) is a technique in verse drama in which sequences of single alternating lines, or half-lines (hemistichomythia, Antilabe Rebuilt by Robert Hogan.) or two-line speeches (distichomythia, Die stichomythie in der griechischen tragödie und komödie: ihre anwendung und ihr ursprung by Adolf Gross (German).) are given to alternating characters.
Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early 3rd century BC.
The Stratford Festival is an internationally recognized annual repertory theatre festival which operates from April to October in the city of Stratford, Ontario, Canada.
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Stuttgart (Swabian: italics,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Suing for peace is an act by a warring nation to initiate a peace process.
The Swan Theatre is a theatre belonging to the Royal Shakespeare Company in Stratford-upon-Avon, England.
Swansea Grand Theatre is a performing arts venue in the centre of Swansea, Wales.
A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.
A tactical formation (or order) is the arrangement or deployment of moving military forces such as infantry, cavalry, AFVs, military aircraft, or naval vessels.
Tamburlaine the Great is a play in two parts by Christopher Marlowe.
Terence David Hands (born 9 January 1941) is an English theatre director.
Terry Scully (13 May 1932 – 17 April 2001) was a British theatre and television actor.
Tewkesbury is a town and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Masque of Blackness was an early Jacobean era masque, first performed at the Stuart Court in the Banqueting Hall of Whitehall Palace on Twelfth Night, 6 January 1605.
The Old Vic is a 1,000-seat, not-for-profit producing theatre, located just south-east of Waterloo station on the corner of the Cut and Waterloo Road in Lambeth, London, England.
The Oxford Shakespeare is the range of editions of William Shakespeare's works produced by Oxford University Press.
The Plays of William Shakespeare was an 18th-century edition of the dramatic works of William Shakespeare, edited by Samuel Johnson and George Steevens.
The Review of English Studies is an academic journal published by Oxford University Press covering English literature and the English language from the earliest period to the present.
The Rose was an Elizabethan theatre.
The Taming of the Shrew is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1590 and 1592.
The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS, on the front page from 1969) is a weekly literary review published in London by News UK, a subsidiary of News Corp.
The Troublesome Reign of King John (c. 1589) is an Elizabethan history play, probably by George Peele, that is generally accepted by scholars as the source and model that William Shakespeare employed for his own King John (c. 1596).
The True Tragedy of Richard III is an anonymous Elizabethan history play on the subject of Richard III of England.
The Wars of the Roses was a 1963 theatrical adaptation of William Shakespeare's first historical tetralogy (1 Henry VI, 2 Henry VI, 3 Henry VI and Richard III), which deals with the conflict between the House of Lancaster and the House of York over the throne of England, a conflict known as the Wars of the Roses.
The Wounds of Civil War is an Elizabethan era stage play, written by Thomas Lodge.
Theatre of Blood (also known in the United States as Theater of Blood) is a 1973 comedic horror film starring Vincent Price as vengeful actor Edward Lionheart and Diana Rigg as his daughter Edwina.
The Theatre of Cruelty (Théâtre de la Cruauté, also Théâtre cruel) is a form of theatre originally developed by avant-garde French playwright, essayist, and theorist Henry Becque.
The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, commonly known as Drury Lane, is a West End theatre and Grade I listed building in Covent Garden, London, England.
This England: The Histories was a season of Shakespeare's history plays staged by the Royal Shakespeare Company in 2000-2001.
Thomas Beaufort, 1st Duke of Exeter, KG (c. 1377 – c. 31 December 1426) was an English military commander during the Hundred Years' War, and briefly Chancellor of England.
Sir Thomas Gargrave (died 1428), Knight, Master of the Ordnance and Marshall of the English army of Henry VI in France was killed during the Siege of Orléans along with the Earl of Salisbury.
Thomas Heywood (early 1570s – 16 August 1641) was an English playwright, actor, and author.
Thomas Kyd (baptised 6 November 1558; buried 15 August 1594) was an English playwright, the author of The Spanish Tragedy, and one of the most important figures in the development of Elizabethan drama.
Thomas Lodge (c.1558 – September 1625) was an English physician and author during the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods.
Thomas Millington (fl. 1591–1603) was a London publisher of the Elizabethan era, who published first editions of three Shakespearean plays.
Thomas Montagu, 4th Earl of Salisbury, KG (13 June 1388 – 3 November 1428) of Bisham in Berkshire, was an English nobleman and one of the most important English commanders during the Hundred Years' War.
Thomas Nashe (baptised November 1567 – c. 1601) is considered the greatest of the English Elizabethan pamphleteers.
Thomas Norton (1532 – 10 March 1584) was an English lawyer, politician, writer of verse.
Thomas Pavier (died 1625) was a London publisher and bookseller of the early seventeenth century.
Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset (1536 – 19 April 1608) was an English statesman, poet, and dramatist.
Timon of Athens (The Life of Tymon of Athens) is a play by William Shakespeare, published in the First Folio (1623) and probably written in collaboration with another author, most likely Thomas Middleton, in about 1605–1606.
Titus Andronicus is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1588 and 1593, probably in collaboration with George Peele.
The Toronto Fringe Festival is an annual theatre festival, featuring un-juried plays by unknown or well-known artists, taking place in the theatres of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
Towton is a small village and civil parish in the Selby district of North Yorkshire, England.
In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's nation or sovereign.
Trevor Peacock (born 19 May 1931) is an English stage and television character actor and former screenwriter and songwriter.
A literary trope is the use of figurative language, via word, phrase or an image, for artistic effect such as using a figure of speech.
The University of Toronto Quarterly is an interdisciplinary academic journal of the humanities published by the University of Toronto Press.
Valentine Dyall (7 May 1908 – 24 June 1985) was an English character actor.
A viceroy is a regal official who runs a country, colony, city, province, or sub-national state, in the name of and as the representative of the monarch of the territory.
Vincent Leonard Price Jr. (May 27, 1911 – October 25, 1993) was an American actor, well known for his distinctive voice and performances in horror films.
Virginity is the state of a person who has never engaged in sexual intercourse.
Virtus was a specific virtue in Ancient Rome.
A vision is something seen in a dream, trance, or religious ecstasy, especially a supernatural appearance that usually conveys a revelation.
A vocabulary is a set of familiar words within a person's language.
Walloons (Wallons,; Walons) are a Romance ethnic people native to Belgium, principally its southern region of Wallonia, who speak French and Walloon.
The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose.
The Watermill Theatre is a professional repertory theatre with charitable status.
The Western canon is the body of Western literature, European classical music, philosophy, and works of art that represents the high culture of Europe and North America: "a certain Western intellectual tradition that goes from, say, Socrates to Wittgenstein in philosophy, and from Homer to James Joyce in literature".
William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, (16 October 1396 – 2 May 1450), nicknamed Jackanapes, was an English magnate, statesman, and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Witchcraft or witchery broadly means the practice of and belief in magical skills and abilities exercised by solitary practitioners and groups.
York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.
Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (Second German Television), usually shortened to ZDF, is a German public-service television broadcaster based in Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate.
1 Henry VI, 1h6, 1hvi, First Part of Henry the Sixth, Henry VI Part 1, Henry VI Part I, Henry VI Part One, Henry VI, Part I, Henry VI, Part One, Henry VI, part 1, Henry VI: Part I, Joan la Pucelle, Part 1 Henry VI, Sir William Glansdale, The First Part of Henry the Sixt, The First Part of King Henry the Sixth, The firſt Part of Henry the Sixt.