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Heraklion

Index Heraklion

Heraklion (Ηράκλειο, Irákleio) is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete. [1]

205 relations: Abu Hafs Umar al-Iqritishi, Agios Nikolaos, Crete, Al-Andalus, Al-Hakam I, Albanians, Amnisos, Anafi, Ancient Rome, Andreas Musalus, Andreas Ritzos, Antipope Alexander V, Arabs, Archanes, Aristeidis Stergiadis, Aristidis Vlassis, Association football, Athens, Athens International Airport, Austria, Basketball, Belgium, Bronze Age, Byzantine Empire, Capital city, Centre for Technological Research of Crete, Chania, Creta Channel, Cretan School, Cretan State, Cretan War (1645–1669), Cretaquarium, Crete, Cyprus, Cyril Lucaris, Czech Republic, Dafnes, Denmark, El Greco, Eleftherios Venizelos, Elli Alexiou, Emirate of Crete, Emmanuel Tzanes, Ergotelis B.C., Ergotelis F.C., European route E75, European Union Agency for Network and Information Security, Finland, Fira, Football League (Greece), Fortifications of Heraklion, ..., Fotis Kafatos, Foundation for Research & Technology – Hellas, Fourth Crusade, France, Francesco Barozzi, Francisco Leontaritis, Gamma Ethniki, Georgios Samaras, Georgios Voulgarakis, Gerasimos Vlachos, Germany, Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Giritli Ali Aziz Efendi, Gorgolainis, Gortyn, Grand vizier, Greece, Greek C Basket League, Greek football league system, Greek language, Greeks, Greg Massialas, Gymnastics Club Ergotelis, Halki (Greece), Handakos Street, Harbor, Hellenic Air Force, Hellenic Duty Free Shops, Heracles, Heraklion, Heraklion (regional unit), Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Heraklion Football Clubs Association, Heraklion International Airport, Historical Museum of Crete, Hong Kong Observatory, Hungary, Ierapetra, Ilya Livykou, Ios, Iraklio B.C., Isaac II Angelos, Italian language, Italian Renaissance, Italy, Joseph Sifakis, Joseph Solomon Delmedigo, Karpathos, Kasos, Köppen climate classification, Köprülüzade Fazıl Ahmed Pasha, Kingdom of Candia, Kingdom of Greece, Knossos, Konstantinos Volanakis, Konstanty Korniakt, Koules Fortress, Kriti TV, Kythira, Latin, Leonidas Kyrkos, Lili Zografou, Limassol, Lions Square, List of Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria, List of islands of Greece, List of rulers of Crete, List of the busiest airports in Europe, Lviv, Lychnostatis Open Air Museum, Manolis Rasoulis, Marcus Musurus, Maria Spiridaki, Maximos Margunios, Mediterranean climate, Meletius I Pegas, Michael Damaskinos, Michael Katehakis, Minas Dimakis, Minoan civilization, Moat, Moires, Museum of the Battle of Crete and the National Resistance, Museum of Visual Arts, Mykonos, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Natural History Museum of Crete, Naxos, Nea Alikarnassos, Netherlands, Niccolò Comneno Papadopoli, Nicholas Kalliakis, Nicolas Kitsikis, Nikephoros II Phokas, Nikos Kazantzakis, Nikos Kazantzakis Museum, Nikos Machlas, Nikos Xilouris, Norway, Notis Sfakianakis, O.F.I. (sports club), Odessa, Odysseas Elytis, OFI Crete B.C., OFI Crete F.C., Ottoman Turkish language, P.A.S.A. Irodotos F.C., P.O. Atsaleniou, Paliani, Paros, Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria, Pedro de Candia, Phaistos Disc, Philippines, Philosopher, Piraeus, Poland, Rena Kyriakou, Republic of Ireland, Republic of Venice, Rethymno, Rhea Galanaki, Rhodes, Rika Dialina, Romylos Kedikoglou, Rutgers University, Santorini, Sapfo Notara, Scholarly method, Siege of Candia, Siege of Chandax, Simone Stratigo, Sister city, Sitia, South Korea, Spyros Kokotos, Stephanos Sahlikis, Superleague Greece, Suzerainty, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Temenos, Greece, Tess Fragoulis, Theodore Poulakis, Theophanes the Cretan, Titular bishop, Turing Award, Tympaki, Ultraviolet index, United Kingdom, University of Crete, Venice, Vitsentzos Kornaros, Yannis Markopoulos, Yannis Smaragdis, Zorba the Greek. Expand index (155 more) »

Abu Hafs Umar al-Iqritishi

Umar ibn Hafs ibn Shuayb ibn Isa al-Balluti, surnamed al-Ghaliz ("the Fat") and later al-Iqritishi ("the Cretan"), and usually known as Abu Hafs (أبو حفص, in Greek sources Ἀπόχαψις, Apohapsis), was a Muwallad corsair who was primarily active between 816 and 827.

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Agios Nikolaos, Crete

Agios Nikolaos or Aghios Nikolaos (Άγιος Νικόλαος) is a coastal town on the Greek island of Crete, lying east of the island's capital Heraklion, north of the town of Ierapetra and west of the town of Sitia.

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Al-Andalus

Al-Andalus (الأنْدَلُس, trans.; al-Ándalus; al-Ândalus; al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus), also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, or Islamic Iberia, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal.

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Al-Hakam I

Al-Hakam Ibn Hisham Ibn Abd-ar-Rahman I (الحكم بن هشام) was Umayyad Emir of Cordoba from 796 until 822 in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia).

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Albanians

The Albanians (Shqiptarët) are a European ethnic group that is predominantly native to Albania, Kosovo, western Macedonia, southern Serbia, southeastern Montenegro and northwestern Greece, who share a common ancestry, culture and language.

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Amnisos

Amnisos, also Amnissos and Amnisus (Greek: Ἀμνισός or Ἀμνισσός; Linear B: 𐀀𐀖𐀛𐀰 - A-mi-ni-so), is a bronze-aged settlement on the north shore of Crete and was used as a port to the palace city of Knossos.

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Anafi

Anafi (Ανάφη) is a Greek island community in the Cyclades.

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Andreas Musalus

Andreas Musalus (Andreas Musalus, Andrea Musalo, Ανδρέας Μουσάλος; ca. 1665/6 – ca. 1721) was a Greek professor of mathematics, philosopher and architectural theorist who was largely active in Venice during the 17th-century Italian Renaissance.

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Andreas Ritzos

Andreas Ritzos (1421-1492), was a Greek icons painter, from Creta.

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Antipope Alexander V

Peter of Candia or Peter Phillarges (c. 1339 – May 3, 1410) as Alexander V (Alexander PP.) (Alessandro V) was a nominal pope elected during the Western Schism (1378–1417).

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Arabs

Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.

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Archanes

Archanes (Αρχάνες, Godart & Olivier abbreviation: ARKH) is a former municipality in the Heraklion regional unit, Crete, Greece.

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Aristeidis Stergiadis

Aristeidis Stergiadis (Αριστείδης Στεργιάδης) (1861, in Herakleion, Crete – 22 June 1949, in Nice, France) was the Greek high commissioner, or governor-general, of Smyrna during the Greek occupation of the city from 1919 to 1922.

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Aristidis Vlassis

Aristidis Vlassis (Αριστείδης Βλάσσης; 1947 – 26 May 2015) was a Greek painter and engraver.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Athens

Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

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Athens International Airport

Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos" (Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Αθηνών «Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος», Diethnís Aeroliménas Athinón "Elefthérios Venizélos"), commonly initialized as "AIA", began operation on 28 March 2001 and is the primary international airport that serves the city of Athens and the region of Attica.

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Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Basketball

Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).

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Capital city

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.

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Centre for Technological Research of Crete

The Centre for Technological Research of Crete (CTR-Crete) (Κέντρο Τεχνολογικής Έρευνας (ΚΤΕ) Κρήτης) in Heraklion was founded according to the presidential decree No.

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Chania

Chania (Χανιά,, Venetian: Canea, Ottoman Turkish: Hanya) is the second largest city of Crete and the capital of the Chania regional unit.

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Creta Channel

Creta Channel (now as TV Creta) is a TV channel broadcast to the majority of Crete.

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Cretan School

Cretan School describes an important school of icon painting, under the umbrella of post-Byzantine art, which flourished while Crete was under Venetian rule during the late Middle Ages, reaching its climax after the Fall of Constantinople, becoming the central force in Greek painting during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries.

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Cretan State

The Cretan State (Κρητική Πολιτεία, Kritiki Politia; كريد دولتى, Girit Devleti), was established in 1898, following the intervention by the Great Powers (Britain, France, Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Russia) on the island of Crete.

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Cretan War (1645–1669)

The Cretan War (Κρητικός Πόλεμος, Girit'in Fethi) or War of Candia (Guerra di Candia, Kandijski rat), is the name given to the Fifth Ottoman–Venetian War, a conflict between the Republic of Venice and her allies (chief among them the Knights of Malta, the Papal States and France) against the Ottoman Empire and the Barbary States, because it was largely fought over the island of Crete, Venice's largest and richest overseas possession.

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Cretaquarium

Cretaquarium (Ενυδρείο Κρήτης, Enidrio Kritis) or Thalassocosmos (Θαλασσόκοσμος, "sea world") is a public aquarium located near the town of Gournes in Crete, Greece, 15 km east of the city of Heraklion.

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Crete

Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.

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Cyprus

Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.

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Cyril Lucaris

Hieromartyr Cyril Lucaris or Loukaris (Κύριλλος Λούκαρις, 13 November 1572 – 27 June 1638), born Constantine Lucaris, was a Greek prelate and theologian, and a native of Candia, Crete (then under the Republic of Venice).

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Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

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Dafnes

Dafnes (Δαφνές) is a village and community in the Heraklion regional unit on the island of Crete, Greece.

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Denmark

Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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El Greco

Doménikos Theotokópoulos (Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος; October 1541 7 April 1614), most widely known as El Greco ("The Greek"), was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance.

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Eleftherios Venizelos

Eleftherios Kyriakou Venizelos (full name Elefthérios Kyriákou Venizélos, Ελευθέριος Κυριάκου Βενιζέλος,; 23 August 1864 – 18 March 1936) was an eminent Greek leader of the Greek national liberation movement and a charismatic statesman of the early 20th century remembered for his promotion of liberal-democratic policies.

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Elli Alexiou

Elli Alexiou (sometimes Ellē; – 1986) was a Greek author, playwright and journalist.

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Emirate of Crete

The Emirate of Crete (called Iqritish or Iqritiya in Arabic) was a Muslim state that existed on the Mediterranean island of Crete from the late 820s to the Byzantine reconquest of the island in 961.

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Emmanuel Tzanes

Emmanuel Tzanes (Εμμανουήλ Τζάνες, 1610 – 28 March 1690), also known as Buniales (Μπουνιαλής), was a Greek Renaissance painter.

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Ergotelis B.C.

G.S. Ergotelis Basketball (Γ.Σ. Εργοτέλης Μπάσκετ), also known simply as Ergotelis, is a Greek amateur basketball club, part of the multi-sport club Gymnastics Club Ergotelis, that is based in Heraklion, Crete.

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Ergotelis F.C.

The Gymnastics Club «Ergotelis» Heraklion Crete (Γυμναστικός Σύλλογος «O Εργοτέλης» Ηρακλείου Κρήτης, Γ.Σ. Εργοτέλης), commonly known simply as Ergotelis (Εργοτέλης), is a Greek association football club, department of the multi-sport club Gymnastics Club Ergotelis, which is based in Heraklion, Crete.

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European route E75

European route E 75 is part of the International E-road network, which is a series of main roads in Europe.

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European Union Agency for Network and Information Security

The European Union Agency for Network and Information Security - self-designation ENISA from the abbreviation of its original name - is an agency of the European Union.

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Finland

Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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Fira

Firá (Φηρά, pronounced) is the modern capital of the Greek Aegean island of Santorini.

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Football League (Greece)

The Football League, known for sponsorship reasons as the Stoiximan.gr Football League (after gambling website Stoiximan.gr), is the second highest professional football league in Greece, being a feeder-league to the top-level Super League.

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Fortifications of Heraklion

The fortifications of Heraklion are a series of defensive walls and other fortifications which surround the city of Heraklion (formerly Candia) in Crete, Greece.

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Fotis Kafatos

Fotis Constantine Kafatos (Φώτης Κ. Καφάτος; 16 April 1940 – 18 November 2017) was a Greek biologist.

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Foundation for Research & Technology – Hellas

The Foundation for Research & Technology – Hellas (FORTH) (Ίδρυμα Τεχνολογίας και Έρευνας - ΙΤΕ) is a research center in Greece, supervised by the Ministry for Education through its.

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Fourth Crusade

The Fourth Crusade (1202–1204) was a Latin Christian armed expedition called by Pope Innocent III.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Francesco Barozzi

Francesco Barozzi (in Latin, Franciscus Barocius) (9 August 1537 – 23 November 1604) was an Italian mathematician, astronomer and humanist.

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Francisco Leontaritis

Francisco Leontaritis or Francesco Londarit or Francesco Londarit, Franciscus Londariti, Leondaryti, Londaretus, Londaratus or Londaritus (1518-1572) was a Greek composer, singer and hymnographer from today's Heraklion of the Venetian-dominated Crete (Candia) at the Renaissance age.

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Gamma Ethniki

Gamma Ethniki (Γ΄ Εθνική Ερασιτεχνική Κατηγορία, C National Amateur Division), is the third highest football league in Greece.

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Georgios Samaras

Georgios Samaras (Γιώργος Σαμαράς,, born 21 February 1985) is a Greek professional footballer who plays as a winger or a striker, most recently playing for Turkish club Samsunspor.

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Georgios Voulgarakis

Georgios Voulgarakis (born 4 June 1959 in Heraklion) is a Greek politician and the former Minister for Mercantile Marine, Aegean Sea and Island Policy.

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Gerasimos Vlachos

Gerasimos Vlachos (1607–1685) was a Greek scholar of the Renaissance.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki

Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki (born Ioanna Daskalaki, 12 December 1955) is a Greek businesswoman.

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Giritli Ali Aziz Efendi

Giritli Ali Aziz Efendi (Kandiye (Heraklion), 1749-29 October 1798, Berlin) was an Ottoman ambassador and an Ottoman author of the late-18th century and he is notable for his novel "Muhayyelât" (Imaginations), a unique work of fiction blending personal and fantastic themes, well in the current of the traditional Ottoman prose, but also exhibiting influences from Western literature.

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Gorgolainis

Gorgolainis (Γοργολαΐνης) is a former municipality in the Heraklion regional unit, Crete, Greece.

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Gortyn

Gortyn, Gortys or Gortyna (Γόρτυν, Γόρτυς, or Γόρτυνα) is a municipality and an archaeological site on the Mediterranean island of Crete, 45 km away from the modern capital Heraklion.

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Grand vizier

In the Ottoman Empire, the Grand Vizier (Sadrazam) was the prime minister of the Ottoman sultan, with absolute power of attorney and, in principle, dismissible only by the sultan himself.

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Greece

No description.

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Greek C Basket League

The Greek C Basket League, or Greek C Basketball League (Ελληνική Γ Μπάσκετ Λιγκ) is the national amateur level 4th-tier of the basketball league system in Greece.

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Greek football league system

The Greek football league system includes four levels in which teams can possibly make it to Superleague Greece, Greece's highest division of football.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Greeks

The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.

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Greg Massialas

Gregory David Massialas (born May 20, 1956) is an American foil fencer and fencing coach.

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Gymnastics Club Ergotelis

The Gymnastics Club «Ergotelis» Heraklion Crete (Γυμναστικός Σύλλογος «O Εργοτέλης» Ηρακλείου Κρήτης, Γ.Σ. Εργοτέλης), also known simply as Ergotelis (Greek: Εργοτέλης), is a Greek multi sport club based in Heraklion, Crete.

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Halki (Greece)

Halki (Χάλκη; alternatively Chalce or Chalki) is a Greek island and municipality in the Dodecanese archipelago in the Aegean Sea, some west of Rhodes.

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Handakos Street

Handakos Street is a pedestrianised street in Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

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Harbor

A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences; synonyms: wharves, haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked.

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Hellenic Air Force

The Hellenic Air Force (HAF; Πολεμική Αεροπορία, Polemikí Aeroporía, literally "War Aviation", sometimes abbreviated as ΠΑ) is the air force of Greece (with Hellenic being a synonym for Greek).

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Hellenic Duty Free Shops

Hellenic Duty Free Shops SA, founded in 1979, is a company in the travel retail industry that sells taxed and duty-free goods from brand name products to travellers passing through Greece’s exit points.

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Heracles

Heracles (Ἡρακλῆς, Hēraklês, Glory/Pride of Hēra, "Hera"), born Alcaeus (Ἀλκαῖος, Alkaios) or Alcides (Ἀλκείδης, Alkeidēs), was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of AmphitryonBy his adoptive descent through Amphitryon, Heracles receives the epithet Alcides, as "of the line of Alcaeus", father of Amphitryon.

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Heraklion

Heraklion (Ηράκλειο, Irákleio) is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete.

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Heraklion (regional unit)

Heraklion (Περιφερειακή ενότητα Ηρακλείου) is one of the four regional units of Crete.

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Heraklion Archaeological Museum

The Heraklion Archaeological Museum is a museum located in Heraklion on Crete.

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Heraklion Football Clubs Association

The Heraklion Football Clubs Association (Ένωση Ποδοσφαιρικών Σωματείων Ηρακλείου or Ε.Π.Σ.Η.) is an association responsible for administering football in the region of Heraklion.

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Heraklion International Airport

Heraklion International Airport, "Nikos Kazantzakis" is the primary airport on the island of Crete, Greece, and the country’s second busiest airport after Athens International Airport.

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Historical Museum of Crete

The Historical Museum of Crete was founded by the Society of Cretan Historical Studies in 1953 and is housed in a neoclassical building of significant architectural merit (the A. & M. Kalokairinos House, 1903) in the city of Heraklion on Crete, an island of Greece.

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Hong Kong Observatory

The Hong Kong Observatory is a weather forecast agency of the government of Hong Kong.

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Hungary

Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.

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Ierapetra

Ierapetra (Ιεράπετρα, meaning "sacred stone"; ancient name: Ἱεράπυτνα Hierapytna) is a town and municipality in the southeast of the Greek island of Crete.

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Ilya Livykou

Ilya Livykou or Ilia Livykou (Ίλυα Λιβυκού; 1919 in Heraklio – September 6, 2002 in Athens, Greece) was a Greek actress, a partner with Vassilis Logothetidis.

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Ios

Ios (Ίος,, locally Nios Νιός) is a Greek island in the Cyclades group in the Aegean Sea.

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Iraklio B.C.

Iraklio OAA B.C. (Greek: Ηράκλειο OAA KAE), also known simply as Iraklio, or Heraklion, is a Greek professional basketball club that is based in the city of Heraklion, on the island of Crete, in Greece.

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Isaac II Angelos

Isaac II Angelos or Angelus (Ἰσαάκιος Β’ Ἄγγελος, Isaakios II Angelos; September 1156 – January 1204) was Byzantine Emperor from 1185 to 1195, and again from 1203 to 1204.

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Italian language

Italian (or lingua italiana) is a Romance language.

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Italian Renaissance

The Italian Renaissance (Rinascimento) was the earliest manifestation of the general European Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement that began in Italy during the 14th century (Trecento) and lasted until the 17th century (Seicento), marking the transition between Medieval and Modern Europe.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Joseph Sifakis

Joseph Sifakis (Ιωσήφ Σηφάκης) is a Greek computer scientist with French citizenship,, Evangélia Moussouri, in Écarts d'identités n⁰95-96, ISSN 1252-6665, reprinting information from an interview of Joseph Sifakis in Des grecs, les grecs de Grenoble, Musée Dauphinois, laureate of the 2007 Turing Award, along with Edmund M. Clarke and E. Allen Emerson, for his work on model checking.

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Joseph Solomon Delmedigo

Joseph Solomon Delmedigo (or Del Medigo), also known as Yashar Mi-Qandia (ישר מקנדיא) (16 June 1591 – 16 October 1655), was a rabbi, author, physician, mathematician, and music theorist.

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Karpathos

Karpathos (Κάρπαθος) is the second largest of the Greek Dodecanese islands, in the southeastern Aegean Sea.

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Kasos

Kασος (also Kassos, Kασος) is a Greek island municipality in the Dodecanese.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Köprülüzade Fazıl Ahmed Pasha

Köprülüzade Fazıl Ahmed Pasha (كپرولى زاده فاضل احمد پاشا, Köprülü Fazıl Ahmet Paşa;; 1635 – 3 November 1676) was a member of the renowned Köprülü family originating from Albania, which produced six grand viziers of the Ottoman Empire.

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Kingdom of Candia

Kingdom of Candia (Regno di Candia) or Duchy of Candia (Ducato di Candia) was the official name of Crete during the island's period as an overseas colony of the Republic of Venice, from the initial Venetian conquest in 1205–1212 to its fall to the Ottoman Empire during the Cretan War (1645–1669).

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Kingdom of Greece

The Kingdom of Greece (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος) was a state established in 1832 at the Convention of London by the Great Powers (the United Kingdom, Kingdom of France and the Russian Empire).

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Knossos

Knossos (also Cnossos, both pronounced; Κνωσός, Knōsós) is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and has been called Europe's oldest city.

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Konstantinos Volanakis

Konstantinos Volanakis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Βολανάκης; 1837, Heraklion - 29 June 1907, Piraeus) was a Greek painter who became known as the "father of Greek seascape painting".

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Konstanty Korniakt

Konstanty Korniakt (Κωνσταντίνος Κορνιακτός, Konstantinos Korniaktos; c. 1517 – August 1, 1603) was a notable merchant of Greek descent, active throughout Central and Eastern Europe; a leaseholder of royal tolls who collected customs duty on behalf of the king.

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Koules Fortress

The "Castello a Mare" (or "Koùles") is a fortress located at the entrance of the old port of Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

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Kriti TV

Crete TV is a Greek television station, based in Heraklion.

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Kythira

Kythira (Κύθηρα, also transliterated as Cythera, Kythera and Kithira) is an island in Greece lying opposite the south-eastern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula.

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Latin

Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Leonidas Kyrkos

Leonidas Kyrkos (12 October 1924 – 28 August 2011) was a Greek leftist politician and member of the Hellenic Parliament and the European Parliament.

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Lili Zografou

Lili Zografou (1922 – 2 October 1998) was a Greek journalist, novelist, dramatist, essayist, and political activist, best known for Nikos Kazantzakis: enas traghikos, her "destructive critique" of the work of Nikos Kazantzakis, published in 1960, three years after his death.

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Limassol

Limassol (Λεμεσός; Limasol or Leymosun) is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and capital of the eponymous district.

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Lions Square

Eleftheriou Venizelou Square (Πλατεία Ελευθερίου Βενιζέλου) is a square in the city of Heraklion in Crete, named after the Cretan statesman Eleftherios Venizelos.

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List of Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria

The Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria has the title Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa. The following list contains all the incumbents of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria.

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List of islands of Greece

Greece has a large number of islands, with estimates ranging from somewhere around 1,200 to 6,000, depending on the minimum size to take into account.

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List of rulers of Crete

This is a list of the rulers and governors of the island of Crete throughout its history.

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List of the busiest airports in Europe

This is a list of the 100 busiest airports in Europe, ranked by total passengers per year, including both terminal and transit passengers.

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Lviv

Lviv (Львів; Львов; Lwów; Lemberg; Leopolis; see also other names) is the largest city in western Ukraine and the seventh-largest city in the country overall, with a population of around 728,350 as of 2016.

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Lychnostatis Open Air Museum

Lychnostatis Open Air Museum is a museum in Hersonissos, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

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Manolis Rasoulis

Emmanouil (Manolis) Rasoulis (Μανώλης Ρασούλης, 28 September 19455 March 2011), best known as the lyricist of famous songs, was a Greek music composer, singer, writer, and journalist.

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Marcus Musurus

Marcus Musurus (Μάρκος Μουσοῦρος Markos Mousouros; Marco Musuro; c. 1470–1517) was a Greek scholar and philosopher born in Retimo, Castello, Venetian Crete (modern Rethymno, Crete).

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Maria Spiridaki

Maria Spyridaki (Μαρία Σπυριδάκη), born and raised on the island of Crete, is a Greek fashion model, actress and television presenter.

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Maximos Margunios

Maximos Margunios (b.1549 Candia, Crete - d. 1602, Venice) Bishop of Cerigo (Kythira), was a Greek Renaissance humanist.

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Mediterranean climate

A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.

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Meletius I Pegas

Meletius I Pegas (1549 – 12 September 1601) served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria between 1590 and 1601.

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Michael Damaskinos

Michael Damaskenos or Michail Damaskenos (Μιχαήλ Δαμασκηνός, 1530/35–1592/93) was a leading post-Byzantine Cretan painter.

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Michael Katehakis

Michael N. Katehakis (Μιχαήλ Ν. Κατεχάκης; born 1952) is a Professor of Management Science at Rutgers University.

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Minas Dimakis

Minas Dimakis (Μηνάς Δημάκης) (20 April 1913, Heraklion, Cretan State - 1980, Athens) was a Greek poet.

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Minoan civilization

The Minoan civilization was an Aegean Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands which flourished from about 2600 to 1600 BC, before a late period of decline, finally ending around 1100.

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Moat

A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence.

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Moires

Moires (Μοίρες, "Fates") is a town and a former municipality in the Heraklion regional unit, Crete, Greece.

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Museum of the Battle of Crete and the National Resistance

The Museum of the Battle of Crete and the National Resistance was founded by the Municipality of Heraklion in May 1994.

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Museum of Visual Arts

The Museum of Visual Arts or Museum of Plastic Arts is a museum housed in the former St.

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Mykonos

Mykonos (Μύκονος) is a Greek island, part of the Cyclades, lying between Tinos, Syros, Paros and Naxos.

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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.

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Natural History Museum of Crete

The Natural History Museum of Crete (NHMC) (Μουσείο Φυσικής Ιστορίας Κρήτης, ΜΦΙΚ) in Heraklion, Crete is a natural history museum that operates under the auspices of the University of Crete.

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Naxos

Naxos (Greek: Νάξος) is a Greek island and the largest of the Cyclades.

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Nea Alikarnassos

Nea Alikarnassos (Νέα Αλικαρνασσός, meaning New Halicarnassus) is a town and a former municipality in the Heraklion regional unit, Crete, Greece.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Niccolò Comneno Papadopoli

Niccolò Comneno Papadopoli (Νικόλαος Κομνηνός Παπαδόπουλος, Nikólaos Komninós Papadópoulos; 6 January 1655 on Crete – 20 January 1740 in Padua) was an Italian lawyer and historian of Greek origin.

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Nicholas Kalliakis

Nicholas Kalliakis (Νικόλαος Καλλιάκης, Nikolaos Kalliakis; Nicolaus Calliachius; Niccolò Calliachi; c. 1645 - May 8, 1707) was a Cretan scholar and philosopher who flourished in Italy in the 17th century.

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Nicolas Kitsikis

Nicolas Kitsikis (Νίκος Κιτσίκης; Nafplio, August 14, 1887 – July 26, 1978, Athens), was a top civil engineer of 20th century Greece, and father of Beata Maria Panagopoulos (Kitsikis), Elsa Schmid-Kitsikis and Dimitri Kitsikis.

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Nikephoros II Phokas

Nikephoros II Phokas (Latinized: Nicephorus II Phocas; Νικηφόρος Β΄ Φωκᾶς, Nikēphóros II Phōkãs; c. 912 – 11 December 969) was Byzantine Emperor from 963 to 969.

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Nikos Kazantzakis

Nikos Kazantzakis (Νίκος Καζαντζάκης; 18 February 188326 October 1957) was a Greek writer.

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Nikos Kazantzakis Museum

The Nikos Kazantzakis Museum is a museum in Myrtia village in the Heraklion regional unit of Crete, in Greece.

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Nikos Machlas

Nikolaos Machlas (Νίκος Μαχλάς, born 16 June 1973) is a Greek retired footballer and chairman of OFI Crete.

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Nikos Xilouris

Nikos Xylouris (Νίκος Ξυλούρης; 7 July 1936 – 8 February 1980), nicknamed Psaronikos (Ψαρονίκος), was a Greek composer and singer.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Notis Sfakianakis

Panagiotis "Notis" Sfakianakis (Greek: Νότης Σφακιανάκης; born 2 November 1959) is a Greek singer of Folk music, and is one of the most commercially successful artists of all time in Greece and Cyprus.

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O.F.I. (sports club)

O.F.I. (full name Omilos Filathlon Irakliou/ Όμιλος Φιλάθλων Ηρακλείου) is a Greek multi-sport club based in Heraklion, Crete.

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Odessa

Odessa (Оде́са; Оде́сса; אַדעס) is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transportation hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea.

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Odysseas Elytis

Odysseus Elytis (Οδυσσέας Ελύτης,, pen name of Odysseus Alepoudellis, Οδυσσέας Αλεπουδέλλης; 2 November 1911 – 18 March 1996) was regarded as a major exponent of romantic modernism in Greece and the world.

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OFI Crete B.C.

OFI Crete B.C. (Greek: Ό.Φ.Η. K.A.E.) is a Greek professional basketball club that is located on the Greek island of Crete, in Heraklion.

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OFI Crete F.C.

Omilos Filathlon Irakleiou 1925 (Όμιλος Φιλάθλων Ηρακλείου 1925, Club of Fans of Heraklion 1925), is a Greek association football club based in Heraklion, on the island of Crete.

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Ottoman Turkish language

Ottoman Turkish (Osmanlı Türkçesi), or the Ottoman language (Ottoman Turkish:, lisân-ı Osmânî, also known as, Türkçe or, Türkî, "Turkish"; Osmanlıca), is the variety of the Turkish language that was used in the Ottoman Empire.

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P.A.S.A. Irodotos F.C.

P.A.S.A. Irodotos Football Club, short for Podosferikós Athlitikós Sýllogos Alikarnassoú Iródotos (Ποδοσφαιρικός Αθλητικός Σύλλογος Αλικαρνασσού Ηρόδοτος., meaning Irodotos Football Sports Club of Halicarnassus) and also simply known as Irodotos, is a Greek football club, based in Nea Alikarnassos, Heraklion.

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P.O. Atsaleniou

P.O. Atsaleniou, short for Panathlitikos Omililos Atsaleniou (Παναθλητικός Όμιλος Ατσαλένιου., transliterated Pan-athletic Club of Atsalenio) and also known simply as Atsalenios or POA, is a Greek association football club based in the suburb Atsalenio of Heraklion, the largest city on the island of Crete.

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Paliani

Paliani (Παλιανή) is a former municipality in the Heraklion regional unit, Crete, Greece.

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Paros

Paros (Πάρος; Venetian: Paro) is a Greek island in the central Aegean Sea.

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Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria

Theodore (Theodoros) II (Πάπας και Πατριάρχης Αλεξανδρείας και πάσης Αφρικής Θεόδωρος Β΄, born Nikolaos Horeftakis (Νικόλαος Χορευτάκης) on November 25, 1954) is the current Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa.

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Pedro de Candia

Pedro de Candia (1485 - 1542) was a Greek Conquistador and explorer.

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Phaistos Disc

The Phaistos Disc (also spelled Phaistos Disk, Phaestos Disc) is a disk of fired clay from the Minoan palace of Phaistos on the island of Crete, possibly dating to the middle or late Minoan Bronze Age (second millennium B.C.). The disk is about 15 cm (5.9 in) in diameter and covered on both sides with a spiral of stamped symbols.

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Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Philosopher

A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.

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Piraeus

Piraeus (Πειραιάς Pireás, Πειραιεύς, Peiraieús) is a port city in the region of Attica, Greece.

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Poland

Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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Rena Kyriakou

Rena Kyriakou (25 February 1917August 1994) was a pianist and composer born in Herakleion, Crete, Greece.

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Republic of Ireland

Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.

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Republic of Venice

The Republic of Venice (Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century.

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Rethymno

Rethymno (Ρέθυμνο,, also Rethimno, Rethymnon, Réthymnon, and Rhíthymnos) is a city of approximately 40,000 people in Greece, the capital of Rethymno regional unit on the island of Crete, a former Latin Catholic bishopric as Retimo(–Ario) and former Latin titular see.

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Rhea Galanaki

Rea Galanaki (Ρέα Γαλανάκη) is a Greek author who was born in Heraklion, Crete in 1947.

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Rhodes

Rhodes (Ρόδος, Ródos) is the largest of the Dodecanese islands of Greece in terms of land area and also the island group's historical capital.

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Rika Dialina

Rika Dialina (born August 8, 1931) is a Greek actress and beauty queen she went on to represent Greece at the Miss Universe 1954 pageant in Long Beach, California.

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Romylos Kedikoglou

Romylos Kedikoglou is a former President of the Court of Cassation of Greece.

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Rutgers University

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, commonly referred to as Rutgers University, Rutgers, or RU, is an American public research university and is the largest institution of higher education in New Jersey.

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Santorini

Santorini (Σαντορίνη), classically Thera (English pronunciation), and officially Thira (Greek: Θήρα), is an island in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km (120 mi) southeast of Greece's mainland.

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Sapfo Notara

Sapfo Notara (Σαπφώ Νοταρά; born Sapfo Chandanou (Σαπφώ Χανδάνου), c. 1907 – June 11, 1985) was a Greek actress, known for supporting capabilities in acting.

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Scholarly method

The scholarly method or scholarship is the body of principles and practices used by scholars to make their claims about the world as valid and trustworthy as possible, and to make them known to the scholarly public.

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Siege of Candia

The Siege of Candia (modern Heraklion, Crete) was a military conflict in which Ottoman forces besieged the Venetian-ruled city.

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Siege of Chandax

The Siege of Chandax was the centerpiece of the Byzantine Empire's campaign to recover the island of Crete, which since the 820s had been ruled by Muslim Arabs.

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Simone Stratigo

Simone Stratigo (Συμεών Φίλιππος Στρατηγός, Symeon Filippos Stratigos; Simone Filippo Stratico; 1733–1824) was an Italian Greek mathematician and a nautical science expert who studied and lived in Padua and Pavia in 18th-century Italy.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Sitia

Sitia (Σητεία) is a port town and a municipality in Lasithi, Crete, Greece.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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Spyros Kokotos

Spyros Kokotos (Greek: Σπύρος Κοκοτός) is a Greek architect born in the city of Herakleion, Crete on October 30, 1933, to (father) Fotis (Greek: Φώτης) a.k.a. "Takis" (Greek: Τάκης) Kokotos and (mother) Anna Varouha (Greek: Αννα Βαρούχα).

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Stephanos Sahlikis

Stephanos Sahlikis or Sachlikis (Στέφανος Σαχλίκης), (1330 - after 1391) was a Cretan from Handax (Heraklion) lawyer and poet who wrote satyrical poems in vernacular Greek.

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Superleague Greece

The Super League Greece (Ελληνική Σούπερ Λιγκ) or Souroti Super League for sponsorship reasons, is the highest professional football league in Greece.

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Suzerainty

Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).

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Technological Educational Institute of Crete

The Technological Educational Institute of Crete (TEI CRETE; Τεχνολογικό Εκπαιδευτικό Ίδρυμα Κρήτης) was founded in 1983 to provide higher technological education to the students of Greece.

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Temenos, Greece

Temenos (Τέμενος) is a former municipality in the Heraklion Regional Unit, Crete, Greece.

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Tess Fragoulis

Tess Fragoulis is a Canadian writer and educator.

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Theodore Poulakis

Theodore Poulakis (Θεόδωρος Πουλάκης, 1622–1692) was a Greek Renaissance painter.

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Theophanes the Cretan

Theophanis Strelitzas (Θεοφάνης Στρελίτζας), also known as Theophanes the Cretan (Θεοφάνης ὁ Κρής) or Theophanes Bathas (Θεοφάνης Μπαθᾶς), was a leading icon painter of the Cretan School in the first half of the sixteenth century, and in particular the most important figure in Greek fresco-painting of the period.

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Titular bishop

A titular bishop in various churches is a bishop who is not in charge of a diocese.

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Turing Award

The ACM A.M. Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) to an individual selected for contributions "of lasting and major technical importance to the computer field".

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Tympaki

Tympaki (Τυμπάκι) is a town and a former municipality in the Heraklion regional unit, Crete, Greece.

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Ultraviolet index

The ultraviolet index or UV Index is an international standard measurement of the strength of sunburn-producing ultraviolet (UV) radiation at a particular place and time.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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University of Crete

The University of Crete (UoC; Greek: Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης) is a multi-disciplinary, research-oriented institution in the island of Crete, Greece, located in the cities of Rethymnon (official seat) and Heraklion, and one of the country's most academically acclaimed and reputable ones.

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Venice

Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.

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Vitsentzos Kornaros

Vitsentzos or Vikentios Kornaros (Βιτσέντζος or Βικέντιος Κορνάρος) or Vincenzo Cornaro (March 29, 1553 – 1613/1614) was a Cretan poet, who wrote the romantic epic poem Erotokritos.

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Yannis Markopoulos

Yannis Markopoulos (Γιάννης Μαρκόπουλος; born 18 March 1939) is a Greek composer.

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Yannis Smaragdis

Iannis Smaragdis (Γιάννης Σμαραγδής) is a Greek film director.

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Zorba the Greek

Zorba the Greek (Βίος και Πολιτεία του Αλέξη Ζορμπά, Víos kai Politeía tou Aléxē Zorbá, Life and Times of Alexis Zorbas) is a novel written by the Cretan author Nikos Kazantzakis, first published in 1946.

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Redirects here:

Candia (Crete), Candia, Crete, Capital city of crete, Chandax, Collection of Agia Aikaterini of Sinai, Collection of Agios Matthaios of Sinai, Heracleo, Heraclio, Heraclion, Herakleion, Heraklio, Heraklio, Greece, Heraklion, Crete, Heraklion, Greece, History of Heraklion, Hrakleio, Iraclion, Irakleion, Iraklieo, Iraklio, Iraklion, Iraklion, Crete, Irákleion, Iráklion, Kandiye, Khandak, Municipality of Heraklion, Museum of Saint Catherine's Monastery of Sinai, Museum of The Aghios Matheos Monastery of Sinai, Museum of The Saint Catherine's Monastery of Sinai, Museum of the Hagios Matthaios Monastery of Sinai, UN/LOCODE:GRHER, Ηράκλειο.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heraklion

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