91 relations: Abstinence, Abstinence-only sex education, Adoption, Adrienne Rich, Artificial insemination, Bigender, Bisexual community, Bisexual erasure, Cathy J. Cohen, Cisgender, Cohabitation, Complementarianism, Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence, Cracker Barrel, Cross-dressing, Discrimination against intersex people, Discrimination against non-binary gender persons, Egalitarianism, Europe, Family Relations (journal), Female, Gay liberation, Gayle Rubin, Gender, Gender binary, Gender identity, Gender role, Gender studies, Gender Trouble, Genderqueer, GLAAD, Heterosexism, Heterosexuality, Homophobia, Homosexuality, Human sexuality, Infertility, Institutionalisation, Intersex, Intersex and LGBT, Jürgen Habermas, Judith Butler, Lauren Berlant, LGBT, List of transgender-related topics, Maggie Gallagher, Male, Margaret Somerville, Massachusetts, Mental disorder, ..., Michael Lamb (psychologist), Michael Warner, Michel Foucault, Monique Wittig, Monogamy, Neoliberalism, New York University, Normality (behavior), Nuclear family, Pangender, Paraphilia, Pink capitalism, Queer theory, Racism, Saudi Arabia, Sex, Sex assignment, Sex reassignment therapy, Sexual characteristics, Sexual orientation, Shared earning/shared parenting marriage, Social norm, South Africa, Stepfamily, Structural functionalism, Subject-SUBJECT consciousness, Surrogacy, Susan Stryker, The History of Sexuality, The NeuroGenderings Network, Third gender, Trans man, Trans woman, Transgender, Transitioning (transgender), Transphobia, Transsexual, Umbrella term, Undoing Gender, United States, University of New South Wales. Expand index (41 more) » « Shrink index
Abstinence is a self-enforced restraint from indulging in bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure.
Abstinence-only sex education is a form of sex education that teaches not having sex outside of marriage.
Adoption is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting of another, usually a child, from that person's biological or legal parent or parents, and, in so doing, permanently transfers all rights and responsibilities, along with filiation, from the biological parent or parents.
Adrienne Cecile Rich (May 16, 1929 – March 27, 2012) was an American poet, essayist and feminist.
Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's uterus or cervix for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse.
Bigender, bi-gender or dual gender is a gender identity that includes any two gender identities and behaviors, possibly depending on context.
The bisexual community (also known as the bisexual/pansexual, bi/pan/fluid community) includes members of the LGBT community who identify as bisexual, pansexual, or sexually fluid.
Bisexual erasure or bisexual invisibility is the tendency to ignore, remove, falsify, or reexplain evidence of bisexuality in history, academia, the news media, and other primary sources.
Cathy J. Cohen (born 1962) is an American political scientist, author, feminist, and social activist, whose work has focused on the African-American experience in politics from a perspective which is underlined by intersectionality.
Cisgender (often abbreviated to simply cis) is a term for people whose gender identity matches the sex that they were assigned at birth.
Cohabitation is an arrangement where two people who are not married live together.
Complementarianism is a theological view held by some in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, that men and women have different but complementary roles and responsibilities in marriage, family life, religious leadership, and elsewhere.
"Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence" is a 1980 essay by Adrienne Rich, which was also published in her 1986 book Blood, Bread, and Poetry as a part of the radical feminism movement of the late '60s, '70s, and '80s.
Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc. is an American chain of combined restaurant and gift stores with a Southern country theme.
Cross-dressing is the act of wearing items of clothing and other accoutrements commonly associated with the opposite sex within a particular society.
Intersex people are born with sex characteristics, such as chromosomes, gonads, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies"; "Because their bodies are seen as different, intersex children and adults are often stigmatized and subjected to multiple human rights violations".
Discrimination or prejudice against non-binary people, people who do not identify as exclusively masculine or feminine, is a form of sexism, as well as a specific type of transphobia.
Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Family Relations is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the National Council on Family Relations.
Female (♀) is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).
The gay liberation movement of the late 1960s through the mid-1980s urged lesbians and gay men to engage in radical direct action, and to counter societal shame with gay pride.
Gayle S. Rubin (born 1949) is an American cultural anthropologist best known as an activist and theorist of sex and gender politics.
Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity.
The gender binary, also referred to as gender binarism (sometimes shortened to just binarism), is the classification of sex and gender into two distinct, opposite and disconnected forms of masculine and feminine.
Gender identity is one's personal experience of one's own gender.
A gender role, also known as a sex role, is a social role encompassing a range of behaviors and attitudes that are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for people based on their actual or perceived sex or sexuality.
Gender studies is a field for interdisciplinary study devoted to gender identity and gendered representation as central categories of analysis.
Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (1990; second edition 1999) is a book by the philosopher Judith Butler, in which the author argues that gender is a kind of improvised performance.
Genderqueer, also known as non-binary, is a catch-all category for gender identities that are not exclusively masculine or feminineidentities which are outside the gender binary and cisnormativity.
GLAAD (formerly the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation) is a U.S. non-governmental media monitoring organization founded by LGBT people in the media.
Heterosexism is a system of attitudes, bias, and discrimination in favor of opposite-sex sexuality and relationships.
Heterosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between persons of the opposite sex or gender.
Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT).
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
Human sexuality is the way people experience and express themselves sexually.
Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.
Institutionalisation (or institutionalization) refers to the process of embedding some conception (for example a belief, norm, social role, particular value or mode of behavior) within an organization, social system, or society as a whole.
Intersex people are born with any of several variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies".
Intersex people are born with sex characteristics, such as genitals, gonads, and chromosome patterns that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies".
Jürgen Habermas (born 18 June 1929) is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and pragmatism.
Judith Butler FBA (born February 24, 1956) is an American philosopher and gender theorist whose work has influenced political philosophy, ethics and the fields of third-wave feminist, queer and literary theory.
Lauren Berlant (born 1957) is the George M. Pullman Distinguished Service Professor of English at the University of Chicago, where she has been teaching since 1984.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
The term transgender is multi-faceted and complex, especially where consensual and precise definitions have not yet been reached.
Margaret Gallagher (born September 14, 1960), better known by her working name Maggie Gallagher, is an American writer and socially conservative commentator.
A male (♂) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm.
Margaret Anne Ganley Somerville, (born 13 April 1942) is Professor of Bioethics at University of Notre Dame Australia.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
Michael E. Lamb is a professor and former Head of the then Department of Social and Developmental Psychology at the University of Cambridge.
Michael Warner (born 1958) is an American literary critic, social theorist, and Seymour H. Knox Professor of English Literature and American Studies at Yale University.
Paul-Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.
Monique Wittig (July 13, 1935 – January 3, 2003) was a French author and feminist theorist who wrote about overcoming socially enforced gender roles and who coined the phrase "heterosexual contract".
Monogamy is a form of relationship in which an individual has only one partner during their lifetime — alternately, only one partner at any one time (serial monogamy) — as compared to non-monogamy (e.g., polygamy or polyamory).
Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.
New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.
Normality is a behavior that can be normal for an individual (intrapersonal normality) when it is consistent with the most common behaviour for that person.
A nuclear family, elementary family or conjugal family is a family group consisting of two parents and their children (one or more).
Pangender is a non-binary gender defined as being more than one gender.
Paraphilia (previously known as sexual perversion and sexual deviation) is the experience of intense sexual arousal to atypical objects, situations, fantasies, behaviors, or individuals.
Pink capitalism (also called rainbow capitalism or gay capitalism) is a term used to describe, from a critical perspective, the incorporation of the LGBT movement and sexual diversity to capitalism and the market economy; especially as this incorporation pertains to the gay, cisgender, western, white, and upper middle class communities and market.
Queer theory is a field of critical theory that emerged in the early 1990s out of the fields of queer studies and women's studies.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
Organisms of many species are specialized into male and female varieties, each known as a sex. Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent.
Sex assignment (sometimes known as gender assignment) is the determination of an infant's sex at birth.
Sex reassignment therapy is the medical aspect of gender transitioning, that is, modifying one's characteristics to better suit one's gender identity.
Sexual characteristics are physical or behavioral traits of an organism (typically of a sexually dimorphic organism) which are indicative of its biological sex.
Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.
Shared earning/shared parenting marriage, also known as peer marriage, is a type of marriage where the partners at the outset agree to adhere to a model of shared responsibility for earning money, meeting the needs of children, doing household chores, and taking recreation time in near equal fashion across these four domains.
From a sociological perspective, social norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
A stepfamily, blended family, or bonus family is a family where at least one parent has children that are not genetically related to the other spouse or partner.
Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is "a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability".
Subject–SUBJECT consciousness, a concept proposed by Harry Hay believed by Hay to be gay people's unique perspective on the world.
Surrogacy is a method or agreement whereby a woman agrees to carry a pregnancy for another person or persons, who will become the newborn child's parent(s) after birth.
Susan O'Neal Stryker is an American professor, author, filmmaker, and theorist whose work focuses on gender and human sexuality.
The History of Sexuality (L'Histoire de la sexualité) is a four-volume study of sexuality in the western world by the French historian and philosopher Michel Foucault, in which the author examines the emergence of "sexuality" as a discursive object and separate sphere of life and argues that the notion that every individual has a sexuality is a relatively recent development in Western societies.
The NeuroGenderings Network is a transdisciplinary network of "neurofeminist" scholars who aim to critically examine neuroscientific knowledge production and to develop differentiated approaches for a more gender adequate neuroscientific research.
Third gender or third sex is a concept in which individuals are categorized, either by themselves or by society, as neither man nor woman.
A trans man (sometimes trans-man or transman) is a man who was assigned female at birth (AFAB).
A trans woman (sometimes trans-woman or transwoman) is a woman who was assigned male at birth.
Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex.
Transitioning is the process of changing one's gender presentation and/or sex characteristics to accord with one's internal sense of gender identity – the idea of what it means to be a man or a woman,Brown, M. L. & Rounsley, C. A. (1996) True Selves: Understanding Transsexualism – For Families, Friends, Coworkers, and Helping Professionals Jossey-Bass: San Francisco or genderqueer (in-between).
Transphobia is a range of negative attitudes, feelings or actions toward transgender or transsexual people, or toward transsexuality.
Transsexual people experience a gender identity that is inconsistent with, or not culturally associated with, their assigned sex, and desire to permanently transition to the gender with which they identify, usually seeking medical assistance (including hormone replacement therapy and other sex reassignment therapies) to help them align their body with their identified sex or gender.
An umbrella term is a word or phrase that covers a wide range of concepts belonging to a common category.
Undoing Gender is a 2004 book by the philosopher Judith Butler.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of New South Wales (UNSW; branded as UNSW Sydney) is an Australian public research university located in the Sydney suburb of Kensington.