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Hexapoda

Index Hexapoda

The subphylum Hexapoda (from the Greek for six legs) constitutes the largest number of species of arthropods and includes the insects as well as three much smaller groups of wingless arthropods: Collembola, Protura, and Diplura (all of these were once considered insects). [1]

32 relations: Anostraca, Antenna (biology), Archaeognatha, Arthropod, Arthropod gap, Arthropod head problem, Cercus, Cladogram, Crustacean, Devonian, Diplura, Entognatha, Flesh fly, Gonzalo Giribet, Greek language, Insect, Insect mouthparts, Labrum (arthropod mouthpart), Myriapoda, Nature (journal), Pierre André Latreille, Protura, Pterygota, Scientific Reports, Silurian, Springtail, Strudiella, Thorax (insect anatomy), Tree of Life Web Project, Uniramia, Vascular plant, Zygentoma.

Anostraca

Anostraca is one of the four orders of crustaceans in the class Branchiopoda; its members are also known as fairy shrimp.

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Antenna (biology)

Antennae (singular: antenna), sometimes referred to as "feelers," are paired appendages used for sensing in arthropods.

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Archaeognatha

The Archaeognatha are an order of apterygotes, known by various common names such as jumping bristletails.

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Arthropod

An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.

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Arthropod gap

The arthropod gap is an apparent gap in the arthropod fossil record used in the study of evolutionary biology.

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Arthropod head problem

The arthropod head problem is a long-standing zoological dispute concerning the segmental composition of the heads of the various arthropod groups, and how they are evolutionarily related to each other.

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Cercus

Cerci (singular cercus) are paired appendages on the rear-most segments of many arthropods, including insects and symphylans.

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Cladogram

A cladogram (from Greek clados "branch" and gramma "character") is a diagram used in cladistics to show relations among organisms.

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Crustacean

Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.

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Devonian

The Devonian is a geologic period and system of the Paleozoic, spanning 60 million years from the end of the Silurian, million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Carboniferous, Mya.

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Diplura

The order Diplura is one of the four groups of hexapods, alongside insects, Collembola (springtails) and Protura.

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Entognatha

The Entognatha are a class of wingless (ametabolous) arthropods, which, together with the insects, makes up the subphylum Hexapoda.

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Flesh fly

Flies in the family Sarcophagidae (from the Greek σάρκο sarco-.

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Gonzalo Giribet

Gonzalo Giribet is a Spanish-American invertebrate zoologist and Alexander Agassiz Professor of zoology working on systematics and biogeography at the Museum of Comparative Zoology in Harvard University.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Insect

Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.

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Insect mouthparts

Insects have a range of mouthparts, adapted to particular modes of feeding.

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Labrum (arthropod mouthpart)

The labrum is a flap-like structure that lies immediately in front of the mouth in almost all extant Euarthropoda.

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Myriapoda

Myriapoda is a subphylum of arthropods containing millipedes, centipedes, and others.

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Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

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Pierre André Latreille

Pierre André Latreille (29 November 1762 – 6 February 1833) was a French zoologist, specialising in arthropods.

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Protura

The Protura, or proturans, and sometimes nicknamed coneheads, are very small (Some evidence indicates the Protura are basal to all other hexapods, although not all researchers consider them Hexapoda, rendering the monophyly of Hexapoda unsettled. Uniquely among hexapods, proturans show anamorphic development, whereby body segments are added during moults. There are close to 800 species, described in seven families. Nearly 300 species are contained in a single genus, Eosentomon.

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Pterygota

The Pterygota are a subclass of insects that includes the winged insects.

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Scientific Reports

Scientific Reports is an online open access scientific mega journal published by the Nature Publishing Group, covering all areas of the natural sciences.

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Silurian

The Silurian is a geologic period and system spanning 24.6 million years from the end of the Ordovician Period, at million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Devonian Period, Mya.

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Springtail

Springtails (Collembola) form the largest of the three lineages of modern hexapods that are no longer considered insects (the other two are the Protura and Diplura).

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Strudiella

Strudiella devonica is a possible insect fossil, the first complete Late Devonian insect, probably terrestrial.

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Thorax (insect anatomy)

The thorax is the midsection (tagma) of the insect body.

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Tree of Life Web Project

The Tree of Life Web Project is an Internet project providing information about the diversity and phylogeny of life on Earth.

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Uniramia

Uniramia (uni - one, ramus - branch, i.e. single-branches) is a group within the arthropods.

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Vascular plant

Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.

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Zygentoma

Zygentoma are an order in the class insecta.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hexapoda

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