Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Hiberno-English

Hiberno‐English (from Latin Hibernia: "Ireland") or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the island of Ireland (including both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland). [1]

169 relations: African-American Vernacular English, Alveolar and postalveolar approximants, Alveolar consonant, Alveolar stop, American and British English pronunciation differences, American and British English spelling differences, Andrew Scott (actor), Anglic languages, Anglo-Frisian languages, Apical consonant, Australia, Avant-garde, Bathroom, Belfast, British English, Broad and general accents, Canada, Canadian English, Central vowel, Christine Lampard, Colin Morgan, Connacht, Conor McGregor, Conservative (language), Consonant, Consonant cluster, Cornwall, Cot–caught merger, Counties of Ireland, County Mayo, County Sligo, County Wexford, Damien Dempsey, Daniel O'Donnell, Dáil Éireann, Dáithí Ó Sé, Delft, Delftware, Dental and alveolar flaps, Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants, Dialect, Diphthong, Drogheda, Dublin, Dublin 4, Dublin Area Rapid Transit, Early Modern English, Echo answer, English auxiliaries and contractions, English language, ..., English language in Europe, English-language vowel changes before historic /r/, Feck, Forth and Bargy dialect, Fricative consonant, Gaeltacht, General American, Germanic languages, Gombeen man, Great Britain, Grocery store, Guttural R, H-dropping, Habitual be, Hibernia, High rising terminal, Highland English, Homophone, Imelda May, Indo-European languages, Ireland, Irish language, Irish syntax, Jack (given name), Jackeen, Jackie Healy-Rae, Jamie Dornan, John (given name), John Cole (journalist), Labial consonant, Languages of Ireland, Latin, Latin script, Leinster, Liam Neeson, Limerick, List of English words of Irish origin, List of Irish words used in the English language, Manx English, Mícheál Ó Muircheartaigh, Middle English, Minced oath, Mineral water, Monophthong, Munster, Nadine Coyle, Netherlands, Newfoundland English, Norman invasion of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Oireachtas, Old English, Palatalization (phonetics), Participle, Pejorative, Phonological history of English high front vowels, Phonological history of English low back vowels, Phonology, Plantation of Ulster, Plantations of Ireland, Preposition and postposition, Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩, Question, R-colored vowel, Received Pronunciation, Reduplication, Regional accents of English, Republic of Ireland, Retroflex approximant, Rhoticity in English, Romeo and Juliet, Rory McIlroy, Roy Keane, Saoirse Ronan, Schwa, Scotland, Scots language, Scottish English, Second language, Sentence (linguistics), Sneakers, Soft drink, Sonorant, South Wales, South-West Region, Ireland, Southside, Dublin, Spanish language, Stage Irish, Stop consonant, Syllable, Tableware, Taoiseach, Tánaiste, Tern, The Pale, The Rubberbandits, Toilet, Topicalization, Trap-bath split, Tudor conquest of Ireland, Tudor period, Ulster, Ulster English, Ulster Irish, Ulster Scots dialects, United Kingdom, United States, Uvular consonant, V2 word order, Velarization, Voice (phonetics), Voiceless alveolar fricative, Voicelessness, Walter de Gruyter, Welsh English, West Germanic languages, West Region, Ireland, William Shakespeare, Yes and no. Expand index (119 more) »

African-American Vernacular English

African-American Vernacular English (AAVE), known less precisely as Black Vernacular, Black English Vernacular (BEV), Black Vernacular English (BVE), or colloquially Ebonics (a controversial term), is the variety (dialect, ethnolect and sociolect) of English natively spoken by most working- and middle-class African Americans and some Black Canadians, particularly in urban communities.

New!!: Hiberno-English and African-American Vernacular English · See more »

Alveolar and postalveolar approximants

The alveolar approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Alveolar and postalveolar approximants · See more »

Alveolar consonant

Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Alveolar consonant · See more »

Alveolar stop

In phonetics and phonology, an alveolar stop is a type of consonantal sound, made with the tongue in contact with the alveolar ridge located just behind the teeth (hence alveolar), held tightly enough to block the passage of air (hence a stop consonant).

New!!: Hiberno-English and Alveolar stop · See more »

American and British English pronunciation differences

Differences in pronunciation between American English (AmE) and British English (BrE) can be divided into.

New!!: Hiberno-English and American and British English pronunciation differences · See more »

American and British English spelling differences

Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.

New!!: Hiberno-English and American and British English spelling differences · See more »

Andrew Scott (actor)

Andrew Scott (born 21 October 1976) is an Irish film, television, and stage actor.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Andrew Scott (actor) · See more »

Anglic languages

The Anglic languages (also called the English languages or Insular Germanic languages) are a group of linguistic varieties including Old English and the languages descended from it.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Anglic languages · See more »

Anglo-Frisian languages

The Anglo-Frisian languages are the West Germanic languages which include Anglic (or English) and Frisian.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Anglo-Frisian languages · See more »

Apical consonant

An apical consonant is a phone (speech sound) produced by obstructing the air passage with the tip of the tongue.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Apical consonant · See more »


Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Australia · See more »


The avant-garde (from French, "advance guard" or "vanguard", literally "fore-guard") are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Avant-garde · See more »


A bathroom is a room in the home for personal hygiene activities, generally containing a sink (basin) and either a bathtub, a shower, or both.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Bathroom · See more »


Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Belfast · See more »

British English

British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Hiberno-English and British English · See more »

Broad and general accents

The distinction between broad and general accents is a socio-culturo-economic contrast commonly made between different accents of the same language, typically spoken in a single geographical location.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Broad and general accents · See more »


Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Canada · See more »

Canadian English

Canadian English (CanE, CE, en-CA) is the set of varieties of the English language native to Canada.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Canadian English · See more »

Central vowel

A central vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Central vowel · See more »

Christine Lampard

Christine Louise Lampard (née Bleakley, born 2 February 1979) is a Northern Irish broadcaster, best known for her television work with the BBC and ITV.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Christine Lampard · See more »

Colin Morgan

Colin Morgan (born 1 January 1986) is an actor from Northern Ireland, best known for playing the title character in the BBC fantasy series Merlin.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Colin Morgan · See more »


ConnachtPage five of An tOrdú Logainmneacha (Contaetha agus Cúigí) 2003 clearly lists the official spellings of the names of the four provinces of the country with Connacht listed for both languages; when used without the term 'The province of' / 'Cúige'.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Connacht · See more »

Conor McGregor

Conor Anthony McGregor (Conchúr Antóin Mac Gréagóir; born 14 July 1988) is an Irish professional mixed martial artist and boxer.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Conor McGregor · See more »

Conservative (language)

In linguistics, a conservative form, variety, or modality is one that has changed relatively little over its history, or which is relatively resistant to change.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Conservative (language) · See more »


In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Consonant · See more »

Consonant cluster

In linguistics, a consonant cluster, consonant sequence or consonant compound is a group of consonants which have no intervening vowel.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Consonant cluster · See more »


Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Cornwall · See more »

Cot–caught merger

The cot–caught merger (also known as the low back merger or the merger) is a phonemic merger that has taken place in some varieties of English, between the phonemes which are conventionally represented in the IPA as (which is usually written with au, aw, al or ough as in caught and thought) and (which is usually written with o as in cot and lot).

New!!: Hiberno-English and Cot–caught merger · See more »

Counties of Ireland

The counties of Ireland (contaetha na hÉireann; Ulster-Scots: coonties o Airlann) are sub-national divisions that have been, and in some cases continue to be, used to geographically demarcate areas of local government.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Counties of Ireland · See more »

County Mayo

County Mayo (Contae Mhaigh Eo, meaning "Plain of the yew trees") is a county in Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and County Mayo · See more »

County Sligo

County Sligo (Contae Shligigh) is a county in Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and County Sligo · See more »

County Wexford

County Wexford (Contae Loch Garman, Yola: Weiseforthe) is a county in Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and County Wexford · See more »

Damien Dempsey

Damien Dempsey (born 1975 in Donaghmede, Dublin) is an Irish singer and songwriter who mixes traditional Irish folk with contemporary lyrics to deliver social commentary on the positive and negative aspects arising from Ireland's Celtic Tiger society. He sings in English, and to a lesser extent in Irish.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Damien Dempsey · See more »

Daniel O'Donnell

Daniel Francis Noel O'Donnell (born 12 December 1961) is an Irish singer, television presenter and philanthropist.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Daniel O'Donnell · See more »

Dáil Éireann

Dáil Éireann (lit. Assembly of Ireland) is the lower house, and principal chamber, of the Oireachtas (Irish legislature), which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).

New!!: Hiberno-English and Dáil Éireann · See more »

Dáithí Ó Sé

Dáithí Mícheál Ó Sé (born 2 June 1976) is an Irish television presenter.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Dáithí Ó Sé · See more »


Delft is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Delft · See more »


Delftware or Delft pottery, also known as Delft Blue (Delfts blauw), is blue and white pottery made in and around Delft in the Netherlands and the tin-glazed pottery made in the Netherlands from the 16th century.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Delftware · See more »

Dental and alveolar flaps

The alveolar tap or flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Dental and alveolar flaps · See more »

Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants

The alveolar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants · See more »


The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Dialect · See more »


A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Diphthong · See more »


Drogheda is one of the oldest towns in Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Drogheda · See more »


Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Dublin · See more »

Dublin 4

Dublin 4 is a historic postal district of Dublin, Ireland including Baggot Street Upper and the suburbs of Ballsbridge, Donnybrook, Irishtown, Merrion, Ringsend (including South Lotts and parts of Grand Canal Dock) and Sandymount, on the South side of Dublin.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Dublin 4 · See more »

Dublin Area Rapid Transit

The Dublin Area Rapid Transit system, officially and popularly known as the DART, is an electrified rapid transit railway network serving the coastline and city centre of Dublin, capital city of the Republic of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Dublin Area Rapid Transit · See more »

Early Modern English

Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Early Modern English · See more »

Echo answer

In linguistics, an echo answer or echo response is a way of answering a polar question without using words for yes and no.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Echo answer · See more »

English auxiliaries and contractions

In English grammar, certain verb forms are classified as auxiliary verbs.

New!!: Hiberno-English and English auxiliaries and contractions · See more »

English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

New!!: Hiberno-English and English language · See more »

English language in Europe

The English language in Europe, as a native language, is mainly spoken in the United Kingdom and Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and English language in Europe · See more »

English-language vowel changes before historic /r/

In English, many vowel shifts only affect vowels followed by in rhotic dialects, or vowels that were historically followed by an that has since been elided in non-rhotic dialects.

New!!: Hiberno-English and English-language vowel changes before historic /r/ · See more »


Feck (or, in some senses, fek or feic) has several vernacular meanings and variations in Hiberno-English, Scots and Middle English.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Feck · See more »

Forth and Bargy dialect

The Forth and Bargy dialect, also known as Yola, is an extinct variety of English once spoken in the baronies of Forth and Bargy in County Wexford, Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Forth and Bargy dialect · See more »

Fricative consonant

Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Fricative consonant · See more »


Gaeltacht (plural Gaeltachtaí) is an Irish-language word for any primarily Irish-speaking region.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Gaeltacht · See more »

General American

General American (abbreviated as GA or GenAm) is the umbrella variety of American English—the continuum of accents—spoken by a majority of Americans and popularly perceived, among Americans, as lacking any distinctly regional, ethnic, or socioeconomic characteristics.

New!!: Hiberno-English and General American · See more »

Germanic languages

The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Germanic languages · See more »

Gombeen man

A Gombeen man is a pejorative Hiberno-English term used in Ireland for a shady, small-time "wheeler-dealer" businessman or politician who is always looking to make a quick profit, often at someone else's expense or through the acceptance of bribes.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Gombeen man · See more »

Great Britain

Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Great Britain · See more »

Grocery store

A grocery store or grocer's shop is a retail shop that primarily sells food.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Grocery store · See more »

Guttural R

In common parlance, "guttural R" is the phenomenon whereby a rhotic consonant (an "R-like" sound) is produced in the back of the vocal tract (usually with the uvula) rather than in the front portion thereof and thus as a guttural consonant.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Guttural R · See more »


H-dropping or aitch-dropping is the deletion of the voiceless glottal fricative or "H sound",.

New!!: Hiberno-English and H-dropping · See more »

Habitual be

Habitual be is the use of an uninflected be in African American Vernacular English (AAVE) and Caribbean English to mark habitual or extended actions, in place of the Standard English inflected forms of be, such as is and are.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Habitual be · See more »


Hibernia is the Classical Latin name for the island of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Hibernia · See more »

High rising terminal

The high rising terminal (HRT), also known as upspeak, uptalk, rising inflection, moronic interrogative, or high rising intonation (HRI), is a feature of some variants of English where declarative sentence clauses end with a rising-pitch intonation, until the end of the sentence where a falling-pitch is applied.

New!!: Hiberno-English and High rising terminal · See more »

Highland English

Highland English or Highland and Island English is the variety of Scottish English spoken by many in the Scottish Highlands and the Hebrides.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Highland English · See more »


A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Homophone · See more »

Imelda May

Imelda Mary Higham (born Imelda Mary Clabby; 10 July 1974), professionally known as Imelda May, is an Irish singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Imelda May · See more »

Indo-European languages

The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Indo-European languages · See more »


Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Ireland · See more »

Irish language

The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Irish language · See more »

Irish syntax

Irish syntax is rather different from that of most Indo-European languages, especially because of its VSO word order.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Irish syntax · See more »

Jack (given name)

Jack is a male given name.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Jack (given name) · See more »


Jackeen is a pejorative term for someone from Dublin, Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Jackeen · See more »

Jackie Healy-Rae

John Patrick Healy (9 March 1931 – 5 December 2014) was an Irish Independent politician who served as a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Kerry South constituency from 1997 to 2011.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Jackie Healy-Rae · See more »

Jamie Dornan

James Dornan (born 1 May 1982) is an actor, model, and musician from Northern Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Jamie Dornan · See more »

John (given name)

John is a common masculine given name in the English language of originally Semitic origin.

New!!: Hiberno-English and John (given name) · See more »

John Cole (journalist)

John Morrison Cole (23 November 1927 – 7 November 2013) was a journalist and broadcaster from Belfast, Northern Ireland, best known for his work with the BBC.

New!!: Hiberno-English and John Cole (journalist) · See more »

Labial consonant

Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Labial consonant · See more »

Languages of Ireland

There are a number of languages used in Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Languages of Ireland · See more »


Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Latin · See more »

Latin script

Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Latin script · See more »


Leinster (— Laighin / Cúige Laighean — /) is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the east of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Leinster · See more »

Liam Neeson

Liam John Neeson, OBE (born 7 June 1952) is an actor from Northern Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Liam Neeson · See more »


Limerick (Luimneach) is a city in County Limerick, Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Limerick · See more »

List of English words of Irish origin

This is a list of English language words from the Celtic Irish language.

New!!: Hiberno-English and List of English words of Irish origin · See more »

List of Irish words used in the English language

Irish words used in English in modern Ireland without being assimilated to English forms include.

New!!: Hiberno-English and List of Irish words used in the English language · See more »

Manx English

Manx English, or Anglo-Manx, is the historic dialect of English spoken on the Isle of Man, though today in decline.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Manx English · See more »

Mícheál Ó Muircheartaigh

Mícheál Ó Muircheartaigh (born 20 August 1930) is an Irish Gaelic games commentator for the Irish national radio and television, RTÉ.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Mícheál Ó Muircheartaigh · See more »

Middle English

Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Middle English · See more »

Minced oath

A minced oath is a euphemistic expression formed by misspelling, mispronouncing, or replacing a part of a profane, blasphemous, or taboo term to reduce the original term's objectionable characteristics.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Minced oath · See more »

Mineral water

Mineral water is water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Mineral water · See more »


A monophthong (Greek monóphthongos from mónos "single" and phthóngos "sound") is a pure vowel sound, one whose articulation at both beginning and end is relatively fixed, and which does not glide up or down towards a new position of articulation.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Monophthong · See more »


Munster (an Mhumhain / Cúige Mumhan,.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Munster · See more »

Nadine Coyle

Nadine Elizabeth Louise Coyle (born 15 June 1985) is an Irish singer, songwriter, actress, and model.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Nadine Coyle · See more »


The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Netherlands · See more »

Newfoundland English

Newfoundland English is a name for several accents and dialects of Atlantic Canadian English found in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Newfoundland English · See more »

Norman invasion of Ireland

The Norman invasion of Ireland took place in stages during the late 12th century, at a time when Gaelic Ireland was made up of several kingdoms, with a High King claiming lordship over all.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Norman invasion of Ireland · See more »

Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Northern Ireland · See more »


The Oireachtas, sometimes referred to as Oireachtas Éireann, is the legislature of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Oireachtas · See more »

Old English

Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Old English · See more »

Palatalization (phonetics)

In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Palatalization (phonetics) · See more »


A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb, or verb phrase, and plays a role similar to an adjective or adverb.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Participle · See more »


A pejorative (also called a derogatory term, a slur, a term of abuse, or a term of disparagement) is a word or grammatical form expressing a negative connotation or a low opinion of someone or something, showing a lack of respect for someone or something.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Pejorative · See more »

Phonological history of English high front vowels

The high and mid-height front vowels of English (vowels of i and e type) have undergone a variety of changes over time, often varying from dialect to dialect.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Phonological history of English high front vowels · See more »

Phonological history of English low back vowels

The phonology of the low back vowels of the English language has undergone changes both overall and with regional variations, through Old and Middle English to the present.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Phonological history of English low back vowels · See more »


Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Phonology · See more »

Plantation of Ulster

The Plantation of Ulster (Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-Scots: Plantin o Ulstèr) was the organised colonisation (plantation) of Ulstera province of Irelandby people from Great Britain during the reign of James VI and I. Most of the colonists came from Scotland and England, although there was a small number of Welsh settlers.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Plantation of Ulster · See more »

Plantations of Ireland

Plantations in 16th- and 17th-century Ireland involved the confiscation of land by the English crown and the colonisation of this land with settlers from the island of Great Britain.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Plantations of Ireland · See more »

Preposition and postposition

Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions (or broadly, in English, simply prepositions), are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or mark various semantic roles (of, for).

New!!: Hiberno-English and Preposition and postposition · See more »

Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩

The pronunciation of the wh in English has changed over time, and still varies today between different regions and accents.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩ · See more »


A question is a linguistic expression used to make a request for information, or the request made using such an expression.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Question · See more »

R-colored vowel

In phonetics, an r-colored or rhotic vowel (also called a retroflex vowel, vocalic r, or a rhotacized vowel) is a vowel that is modified in a way that results in a lowering in frequency of the third formant.

New!!: Hiberno-English and R-colored vowel · See more »

Received Pronunciation

Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Received Pronunciation · See more »


Reduplication in linguistics is a morphological process in which the root or stem of a word (or part of it) or even the whole word is repeated exactly or with a slight change.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Reduplication · See more »

Regional accents of English

Spoken English shows great variation across regions where it is the predominant language.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Regional accents of English · See more »

Republic of Ireland

Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Republic of Ireland · See more »

Retroflex approximant

The retroflex approximant is a type of consonant used in some languages.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Retroflex approximant · See more »

Rhoticity in English

Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Rhoticity in English · See more »

Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Romeo and Juliet · See more »

Rory McIlroy

Rory McIlroy, (born 4 May 1989) is a professional golfer from Northern Ireland who is a member of both the European and PGA Tours.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Rory McIlroy · See more »

Roy Keane

Roy Maurice Keane (born 10 August 1971) is an Irish football assistant manager and former professional football player.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Roy Keane · See more »

Saoirse Ronan

Saoirse Una Ronan (born 12 April 1994) is an Irish and American actress.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Saoirse Ronan · See more »


In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (rarely or; sometimes spelled shwa) is the mid central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Schwa · See more »


Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Scotland · See more »

Scots language

Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).

New!!: Hiberno-English and Scots language · See more »

Scottish English

Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Scottish English · See more »

Second language

A person's second language or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Second language · See more »

Sentence (linguistics)

In non-functional linguistics, a sentence is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Sentence (linguistics) · See more »


Sneakers (also known as athletic shoes, tennis shoes, gym shoes, sport shoes, runners, takkies, or trainers) are shoes primarily designed for sports or other forms of physical exercise, but which are now also often used for everyday wear.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Sneakers · See more »

Soft drink

A soft drink (see terminology for other names) typically contains carbonated water (although some lemonades are not carbonated), a sweetener, and a natural or artificial flavoring.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Soft drink · See more »


In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Sonorant · See more »

South Wales

South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and Mid Wales and West Wales to the north and west.

New!!: Hiberno-English and South Wales · See more »

South-West Region, Ireland

The South-West Region (coded IE025) is a NUTS Level III statistical region of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and South-West Region, Ireland · See more »

Southside, Dublin

The Southside (Taobh Ó Dheas) is a colloquial term referring to the part of Dublin city that lies south of the River Liffey.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Southside, Dublin · See more »

Spanish language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Spanish language · See more »

Stage Irish

Stage Irish or Paddywhackery is a stereotyped portrayal of Irish people once common in plays.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Stage Irish · See more »

Stop consonant

In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Stop consonant · See more »


A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Syllable · See more »


Tableware are the dishes or dishware used for setting a table, serving food and dining.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Tableware · See more »


The Taoiseach (pl. Taoisigh) is the prime minister, chief executive and head of government of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Taoiseach · See more »


The Tánaiste is the deputy head of government of Ireland and the second-most senior officer in the Government of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Tánaiste · See more »


Terns are seabirds in the family Laridae that have a worldwide distribution and are normally found near the sea, rivers, or wetlands.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Tern · See more »

The Pale

The Pale (An Pháil in Irish) or the English Pale (An Pháil Shasanach or An Ghalltacht) was the part of Ireland that was directly under the control of the English government in the late Middle Ages.

New!!: Hiberno-English and The Pale · See more »

The Rubberbandits

The Rubberbandits are an Irish comedy hip-hop duo from Limerick city.

New!!: Hiberno-English and The Rubberbandits · See more »


A toilet is a piece of hardware used for the collection or disposal of human urine and feces.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Toilet · See more »


Topicalization is a mechanism of syntax that establishes an expression as the sentence or clause topic; in English, by having it appear at the front of the sentence or clause (as opposed to in a canonical position further to the right).

New!!: Hiberno-English and Topicalization · See more »

Trap-bath split

The split is a vowel split that occurs mainly in mainstream and southeastern accents of English in England (including Received Pronunciation), in New Zealand English and South African English, and also to a lesser extent in Australian English as well as older Northeastern New England English (notably, older Boston accents), by which the Early Modern English phoneme was lengthened in certain environments and ultimately merged with the long of father.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Trap-bath split · See more »

Tudor conquest of Ireland

The Tudor conquest (or reconquest) of Ireland took place under the Tudor dynasty, which held the Kingdom of England during the 16th century.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Tudor conquest of Ireland · See more »

Tudor period

The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales and includes the Elizabethan period during the reign of Elizabeth I until 1603.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Tudor period · See more »


Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Ulster · See more »

Ulster English

Ulster English (also called Northern Hiberno-English or Northern Irish English) is a major variety of Irish English spoken in most of the province of Ulster.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Ulster English · See more »

Ulster Irish

Ulster Irish is the variety of Irish spoken in the province of Ulster.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Ulster Irish · See more »

Ulster Scots dialects

Ulster Scots or Ulster-Scots (Ulstèr-Scotch), also known as Ullans, is the Scots language as spoken in parts of Ulster in Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Ulster Scots dialects · See more »

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

New!!: Hiberno-English and United Kingdom · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: Hiberno-English and United States · See more »

Uvular consonant

Uvulars are consonants articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is, further back in the mouth than velar consonants.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Uvular consonant · See more »

V2 word order

In syntax, verb-second (V2) word order places the finite verb of a clause or sentence in second position with a single major constituent preceding it, which functions as the clause topic.

New!!: Hiberno-English and V2 word order · See more »


Velarization is a secondary articulation of consonants by which the back of the tongue is raised toward the velum during the articulation of the consonant.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Velarization · See more »

Voice (phonetics)

Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).

New!!: Hiberno-English and Voice (phonetics) · See more »

Voiceless alveolar fricative

A voiceless alveolar fricative is a type of fricative consonant pronounced with the tip or blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge (gum line) just behind the teeth.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Voiceless alveolar fricative · See more »


In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Voicelessness · See more »

Walter de Gruyter

Walter de Gruyter GmbH (or; brand name: De Gruyter) is a scholarly publishing house specializing in academic literature.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Walter de Gruyter · See more »

Welsh English

Welsh English refers to the dialects of English spoken by Welsh people.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Welsh English · See more »

West Germanic languages

The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages (the others being the North Germanic and the extinct East Germanic languages).

New!!: Hiberno-English and West Germanic languages · See more »

West Region, Ireland

The West Region (coded IE013) is a NUTS Level III statistical region of the Republic of Ireland.

New!!: Hiberno-English and West Region, Ireland · See more »

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

New!!: Hiberno-English and William Shakespeare · See more »

Yes and no

Yes and no, or word pairs with a similar usage, are expressions of the affirmative and the negative, respectively, in several languages including English.

New!!: Hiberno-English and Yes and no · See more »

Redirects here:

Dublin English, En-IE, English in Ireland, English language in Ireland, Hib-Eng, Hibernian English, Hiberno English, Hiberno-English language, Hiberno-english, Hiberno‐English, IreEng, Ireland English, Irish English, Irish English language, Irish brogue, Irish-English, Stocious.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiberno-English

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »