169 relations: African-American Vernacular English, Alveolar and postalveolar approximants, Alveolar consonant, Alveolar stop, American and British English pronunciation differences, American and British English spelling differences, Andrew Scott (actor), Anglic languages, Anglo-Frisian languages, Apical consonant, Australia, Avant-garde, Bathroom, Belfast, British English, Broad and general accents, Canada, Canadian English, Central vowel, Christine Lampard, Colin Morgan, Connacht, Conor McGregor, Conservative (language), Consonant, Consonant cluster, Cornwall, Cot–caught merger, Counties of Ireland, County Mayo, County Sligo, County Wexford, Damien Dempsey, Daniel O'Donnell, Dáil Éireann, Dáithí Ó Sé, Delft, Delftware, Dental and alveolar flaps, Dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants, Dialect, Diphthong, Drogheda, Dublin, Dublin 4, Dublin Area Rapid Transit, Early Modern English, Echo answer, English auxiliaries and contractions, English language, ..., English language in Europe, English-language vowel changes before historic /r/, Feck, Forth and Bargy dialect, Fricative consonant, Gaeltacht, General American, Germanic languages, Gombeen man, Great Britain, Grocery store, Guttural R, H-dropping, Habitual be, Hibernia, High rising terminal, Highland English, Homophone, Imelda May, Indo-European languages, Ireland, Irish language, Irish syntax, Jack (given name), Jackeen, Jackie Healy-Rae, Jamie Dornan, John (given name), John Cole (journalist), Labial consonant, Languages of Ireland, Latin, Latin script, Leinster, Liam Neeson, Limerick, List of English words of Irish origin, List of Irish words used in the English language, Manx English, Mícheál Ó Muircheartaigh, Middle English, Minced oath, Mineral water, Monophthong, Munster, Nadine Coyle, Netherlands, Newfoundland English, Norman invasion of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Oireachtas, Old English, Palatalization (phonetics), Participle, Pejorative, Phonological history of English high front vowels, Phonological history of English low back vowels, Phonology, Plantation of Ulster, Plantations of Ireland, Preposition and postposition, Pronunciation of English ⟨wh⟩, Question, R-colored vowel, Received Pronunciation, Reduplication, Regional accents of English, Republic of Ireland, Retroflex approximant, Rhoticity in English, Romeo and Juliet, Rory McIlroy, Roy Keane, Saoirse Ronan, Schwa, Scotland, Scots language, Scottish English, Second language, Sentence (linguistics), Sneakers, Soft drink, Sonorant, South Wales, South-West Region, Ireland, Southside, Dublin, Spanish language, Stage Irish, Stop consonant, Syllable, Tableware, Taoiseach, Tánaiste, Tern, The Pale, The Rubberbandits, Toilet, Topicalization, Trap-bath split, Tudor conquest of Ireland, Tudor period, Ulster, Ulster English, Ulster Irish, Ulster Scots dialects, United Kingdom, United States, Uvular consonant, V2 word order, Velarization, Voice (phonetics), Voiceless alveolar fricative, Voicelessness, Walter de Gruyter, Welsh English, West Germanic languages, West Region, Ireland, William Shakespeare, Yes and no. Expand index (119 more) » « Shrink index
African-American Vernacular English (AAVE), known less precisely as Black Vernacular, Black English Vernacular (BEV), Black Vernacular English (BVE), or colloquially Ebonics (a controversial term), is the variety (dialect, ethnolect and sociolect) of English natively spoken by most working- and middle-class African Americans and some Black Canadians, particularly in urban communities.
The alveolar approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
In phonetics and phonology, an alveolar stop is a type of consonantal sound, made with the tongue in contact with the alveolar ridge located just behind the teeth (hence alveolar), held tightly enough to block the passage of air (hence a stop consonant).
Differences in pronunciation between American English (AmE) and British English (BrE) can be divided into.
Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.
Andrew Scott (born 21 October 1976) is an Irish film, television, and stage actor.
The Anglic languages (also called the English languages or Insular Germanic languages) are a group of linguistic varieties including Old English and the languages descended from it.
The Anglo-Frisian languages are the West Germanic languages which include Anglic (or English) and Frisian.
An apical consonant is a phone (speech sound) produced by obstructing the air passage with the tip of the tongue.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The avant-garde (from French, "advance guard" or "vanguard", literally "fore-guard") are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society.
A bathroom is a room in the home for personal hygiene activities, generally containing a sink (basin) and either a bathtub, a shower, or both.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
The distinction between broad and general accents is a socio-culturo-economic contrast commonly made between different accents of the same language, typically spoken in a single geographical location.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Canadian English (CanE, CE, en-CA) is the set of varieties of the English language native to Canada.
A central vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
Christine Louise Lampard (née Bleakley, born 2 February 1979) is a Northern Irish broadcaster, best known for her television work with the BBC and ITV.
Colin Morgan (born 1 January 1986) is an actor from Northern Ireland, best known for playing the title character in the BBC fantasy series Merlin.
ConnachtPage five of An tOrdú Logainmneacha (Contaetha agus Cúigí) 2003 clearly lists the official spellings of the names of the four provinces of the country with Connacht listed for both languages; when used without the term 'The province of' / 'Cúige'.
Conor Anthony McGregor (Conchúr Antóin Mac Gréagóir; born 14 July 1988) is an Irish professional mixed martial artist and boxer.
In linguistics, a conservative form, variety, or modality is one that has changed relatively little over its history, or which is relatively resistant to change.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
In linguistics, a consonant cluster, consonant sequence or consonant compound is a group of consonants which have no intervening vowel.
Cornwall (Kernow) is a county in South West England in the United Kingdom.
The cot–caught merger (also known as the low back merger or the merger) is a phonemic merger that has taken place in some varieties of English, between the phonemes which are conventionally represented in the IPA as (which is usually written with au, aw, al or ough as in caught and thought) and (which is usually written with o as in cot and lot).
The counties of Ireland (contaetha na hÉireann; Ulster-Scots: coonties o Airlann) are sub-national divisions that have been, and in some cases continue to be, used to geographically demarcate areas of local government.
County Mayo (Contae Mhaigh Eo, meaning "Plain of the yew trees") is a county in Ireland.
County Sligo (Contae Shligigh) is a county in Ireland.
County Wexford (Contae Loch Garman, Yola: Weiseforthe) is a county in Ireland.
Damien Dempsey (born 1975 in Donaghmede, Dublin) is an Irish singer and songwriter who mixes traditional Irish folk with contemporary lyrics to deliver social commentary on the positive and negative aspects arising from Ireland's Celtic Tiger society. He sings in English, and to a lesser extent in Irish.
Daniel Francis Noel O'Donnell (born 12 December 1961) is an Irish singer, television presenter and philanthropist.
Dáil Éireann (lit. Assembly of Ireland) is the lower house, and principal chamber, of the Oireachtas (Irish legislature), which also includes the President of Ireland and Seanad Éireann (the upper house).
Dáithí Mícheál Ó Sé (born 2 June 1976) is an Irish television presenter.
Delft is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.
Delftware or Delft pottery, also known as Delft Blue (Delfts blauw), is blue and white pottery made in and around Delft in the Netherlands and the tin-glazed pottery made in the Netherlands from the 16th century.
The alveolar tap or flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The alveolar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
Drogheda is one of the oldest towns in Ireland.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Dublin 4 is a historic postal district of Dublin, Ireland including Baggot Street Upper and the suburbs of Ballsbridge, Donnybrook, Irishtown, Merrion, Ringsend (including South Lotts and parts of Grand Canal Dock) and Sandymount, on the South side of Dublin.
The Dublin Area Rapid Transit system, officially and popularly known as the DART, is an electrified rapid transit railway network serving the coastline and city centre of Dublin, capital city of the Republic of Ireland.
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
In linguistics, an echo answer or echo response is a way of answering a polar question without using words for yes and no.
In English grammar, certain verb forms are classified as auxiliary verbs.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The English language in Europe, as a native language, is mainly spoken in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
In English, many vowel shifts only affect vowels followed by in rhotic dialects, or vowels that were historically followed by an that has since been elided in non-rhotic dialects.
Feck (or, in some senses, fek or feic) has several vernacular meanings and variations in Hiberno-English, Scots and Middle English.
The Forth and Bargy dialect, also known as Yola, is an extinct variety of English once spoken in the baronies of Forth and Bargy in County Wexford, Ireland.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
Gaeltacht (plural Gaeltachtaí) is an Irish-language word for any primarily Irish-speaking region.
General American (abbreviated as GA or GenAm) is the umbrella variety of American English—the continuum of accents—spoken by a majority of Americans and popularly perceived, among Americans, as lacking any distinctly regional, ethnic, or socioeconomic characteristics.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
A Gombeen man is a pejorative Hiberno-English term used in Ireland for a shady, small-time "wheeler-dealer" businessman or politician who is always looking to make a quick profit, often at someone else's expense or through the acceptance of bribes.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
A grocery store or grocer's shop is a retail shop that primarily sells food.
In common parlance, "guttural R" is the phenomenon whereby a rhotic consonant (an "R-like" sound) is produced in the back of the vocal tract (usually with the uvula) rather than in the front portion thereof and thus as a guttural consonant.
H-dropping or aitch-dropping is the deletion of the voiceless glottal fricative or "H sound",.
Habitual be is the use of an uninflected be in African American Vernacular English (AAVE) and Caribbean English to mark habitual or extended actions, in place of the Standard English inflected forms of be, such as is and are.
Hibernia is the Classical Latin name for the island of Ireland.
The high rising terminal (HRT), also known as upspeak, uptalk, rising inflection, moronic interrogative, or high rising intonation (HRI), is a feature of some variants of English where declarative sentence clauses end with a rising-pitch intonation, until the end of the sentence where a falling-pitch is applied.
Highland English or Highland and Island English is the variety of Scottish English spoken by many in the Scottish Highlands and the Hebrides.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.
Imelda Mary Higham (born Imelda Mary Clabby; 10 July 1974), professionally known as Imelda May, is an Irish singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Irish language (Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
Irish syntax is rather different from that of most Indo-European languages, especially because of its VSO word order.
Jack is a male given name.
Jackeen is a pejorative term for someone from Dublin, Ireland.
John Patrick Healy (9 March 1931 – 5 December 2014) was an Irish Independent politician who served as a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Kerry South constituency from 1997 to 2011.
James Dornan (born 1 May 1982) is an actor, model, and musician from Northern Ireland.
John is a common masculine given name in the English language of originally Semitic origin.
John Morrison Cole (23 November 1927 – 7 November 2013) was a journalist and broadcaster from Belfast, Northern Ireland, best known for his work with the BBC.
Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.
There are a number of languages used in Ireland.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
Leinster (— Laighin / Cúige Laighean — /) is one of the Provinces of Ireland situated in the east of Ireland.
Liam John Neeson, OBE (born 7 June 1952) is an actor from Northern Ireland.
Limerick (Luimneach) is a city in County Limerick, Ireland.
This is a list of English language words from the Celtic Irish language.
Irish words used in English in modern Ireland without being assimilated to English forms include.
Manx English, or Anglo-Manx, is the historic dialect of English spoken on the Isle of Man, though today in decline.
Mícheál Ó Muircheartaigh (born 20 August 1930) is an Irish Gaelic games commentator for the Irish national radio and television, RTÉ.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
A minced oath is a euphemistic expression formed by misspelling, mispronouncing, or replacing a part of a profane, blasphemous, or taboo term to reduce the original term's objectionable characteristics.
Mineral water is water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds.
A monophthong (Greek monóphthongos from mónos "single" and phthóngos "sound") is a pure vowel sound, one whose articulation at both beginning and end is relatively fixed, and which does not glide up or down towards a new position of articulation.
Munster (an Mhumhain / Cúige Mumhan,.
Nadine Elizabeth Louise Coyle (born 15 June 1985) is an Irish singer, songwriter, actress, and model.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Newfoundland English is a name for several accents and dialects of Atlantic Canadian English found in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Norman invasion of Ireland took place in stages during the late 12th century, at a time when Gaelic Ireland was made up of several kingdoms, with a High King claiming lordship over all.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Oireachtas, sometimes referred to as Oireachtas Éireann, is the legislature of Ireland.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
In phonetics, palatalization (also) or palatization refers to a way of pronouncing a consonant in which part of the tongue is moved close to the hard palate.
A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb, or verb phrase, and plays a role similar to an adjective or adverb.
A pejorative (also called a derogatory term, a slur, a term of abuse, or a term of disparagement) is a word or grammatical form expressing a negative connotation or a low opinion of someone or something, showing a lack of respect for someone or something.
The high and mid-height front vowels of English (vowels of i and e type) have undergone a variety of changes over time, often varying from dialect to dialect.
The phonology of the low back vowels of the English language has undergone changes both overall and with regional variations, through Old and Middle English to the present.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
The Plantation of Ulster (Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-Scots: Plantin o Ulstèr) was the organised colonisation (plantation) of Ulstera province of Irelandby people from Great Britain during the reign of James VI and I. Most of the colonists came from Scotland and England, although there was a small number of Welsh settlers.
Plantations in 16th- and 17th-century Ireland involved the confiscation of land by the English crown and the colonisation of this land with settlers from the island of Great Britain.
Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions (or broadly, in English, simply prepositions), are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or mark various semantic roles (of, for).
The pronunciation of the wh in English has changed over time, and still varies today between different regions and accents.
A question is a linguistic expression used to make a request for information, or the request made using such an expression.
In phonetics, an r-colored or rhotic vowel (also called a retroflex vowel, vocalic r, or a rhotacized vowel) is a vowel that is modified in a way that results in a lowering in frequency of the third formant.
Received Pronunciation (RP) is an accent of Standard English in the United Kingdom and is defined in the Concise Oxford English Dictionary as "the standard accent of English as spoken in the south of England", although it can be heard from native speakers throughout England and Wales.
Reduplication in linguistics is a morphological process in which the root or stem of a word (or part of it) or even the whole word is repeated exactly or with a slight change.
Spoken English shows great variation across regions where it is the predominant language.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
The retroflex approximant is a type of consonant used in some languages.
Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families.
Rory McIlroy, (born 4 May 1989) is a professional golfer from Northern Ireland who is a member of both the European and PGA Tours.
Roy Maurice Keane (born 10 August 1971) is an Irish football assistant manager and former professional football player.
Saoirse Una Ronan (born 12 April 1994) is an Irish and American actress.
In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (rarely or; sometimes spelled shwa) is the mid central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.
A person's second language or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person.
In non-functional linguistics, a sentence is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked.
Sneakers (also known as athletic shoes, tennis shoes, gym shoes, sport shoes, runners, takkies, or trainers) are shoes primarily designed for sports or other forms of physical exercise, but which are now also often used for everyday wear.
A soft drink (see terminology for other names) typically contains carbonated water (although some lemonades are not carbonated), a sweetener, and a natural or artificial flavoring.
In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant or resonant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages.
South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and Mid Wales and West Wales to the north and west.
The South-West Region (coded IE025) is a NUTS Level III statistical region of Ireland.
The Southside (Taobh Ó Dheas) is a colloquial term referring to the part of Dublin city that lies south of the River Liffey.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Stage Irish or Paddywhackery is a stereotyped portrayal of Irish people once common in plays.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.
Tableware are the dishes or dishware used for setting a table, serving food and dining.
The Taoiseach (pl. Taoisigh) is the prime minister, chief executive and head of government of Ireland.
The Tánaiste is the deputy head of government of Ireland and the second-most senior officer in the Government of Ireland.
Terns are seabirds in the family Laridae that have a worldwide distribution and are normally found near the sea, rivers, or wetlands.
The Pale (An Pháil in Irish) or the English Pale (An Pháil Shasanach or An Ghalltacht) was the part of Ireland that was directly under the control of the English government in the late Middle Ages.
The Rubberbandits are an Irish comedy hip-hop duo from Limerick city.
A toilet is a piece of hardware used for the collection or disposal of human urine and feces.
Topicalization is a mechanism of syntax that establishes an expression as the sentence or clause topic; in English, by having it appear at the front of the sentence or clause (as opposed to in a canonical position further to the right).
The split is a vowel split that occurs mainly in mainstream and southeastern accents of English in England (including Received Pronunciation), in New Zealand English and South African English, and also to a lesser extent in Australian English as well as older Northeastern New England English (notably, older Boston accents), by which the Early Modern English phoneme was lengthened in certain environments and ultimately merged with the long of father.
The Tudor conquest (or reconquest) of Ireland took place under the Tudor dynasty, which held the Kingdom of England during the 16th century.
The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales and includes the Elizabethan period during the reign of Elizabeth I until 1603.
Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.
Ulster English (also called Northern Hiberno-English or Northern Irish English) is a major variety of Irish English spoken in most of the province of Ulster.
Ulster Irish is the variety of Irish spoken in the province of Ulster.
Ulster Scots or Ulster-Scots (Ulstèr-Scotch), also known as Ullans, is the Scots language as spoken in parts of Ulster in Ireland.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Uvulars are consonants articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is, further back in the mouth than velar consonants.
In syntax, verb-second (V2) word order places the finite verb of a clause or sentence in second position with a single major constituent preceding it, which functions as the clause topic.
Velarization is a secondary articulation of consonants by which the back of the tongue is raised toward the velum during the articulation of the consonant.
Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).
A voiceless alveolar fricative is a type of fricative consonant pronounced with the tip or blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge (gum line) just behind the teeth.
In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.
Walter de Gruyter GmbH (or; brand name: De Gruyter) is a scholarly publishing house specializing in academic literature.
Welsh English refers to the dialects of English spoken by Welsh people.
The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages (the others being the North Germanic and the extinct East Germanic languages).
The West Region (coded IE013) is a NUTS Level III statistical region of the Republic of Ireland.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Yes and no, or word pairs with a similar usage, are expressions of the affirmative and the negative, respectively, in several languages including English.
Dublin English, En-IE, English in Ireland, English language in Ireland, Hib-Eng, Hibernian English, Hiberno English, Hiberno-English language, Hiberno-english, Hiberno‐English, IreEng, Ireland English, Irish English, Irish English language, Irish brogue, Irish-English, Stocious.