293 relations: ABC News (Australia), Aboriginal title, Adelaide, Adelaide Co of Jehovah's Witnesses Inc v Commonwealth, Admiralty law, Adrian Knox, Al-Kateb v Godwin, Alan Taylor (Australian judge), Albert Piddington, Alfred Deakin, Amalgamated Society of Engineers v Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd, Andrew Fisher, Andrew Inglis Clark, Anthony Mason (judge), Appellate court, Attorney-General (Vic) ex rel Dale v Commonwealth, Attorney-General for Australia, Attorney-General for NSW v Brewery Employees Union of NSW, Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australia Act 1986, Australian administrative law, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Capital Television Pty Ltd v Commonwealth, Australian Capital Territory, Australian Communist Party v Commonwealth, Australian Constitutional Convention 1998, Australian constitutional law, Australian contract law, Australian House of Representatives, Australian Labor Party, Australian Law Reform Commission, Australian Law Reports, Australian Marriage Law Postal Survey, Australian National Heritage List, Australian referendum, 1977 (Retirement of Judges), Australian Secret Intelligence Service, Australian War Memorial, Axis powers, Bank of New South Wales v Commonwealth, Baron Waqa, Ben Chifley, Billy Hughes, Brisbane, Brown v Tasmania, Brutalist architecture, Burnie Port Authority v General Jones Pty Ltd, Cabinet of Australia, Canberra, Catholic Church, Cattanach v Melchior, ..., Charles Kingston, Charles Powers, Chief Justice of Australia, Cole v Whitfield, Colin Madigan, Colonial Sugar Refining Co Ltd v Attorney-General (Cth), Common law, Commonwealth Law Reports, Commonwealth v Tasmania, Communist Party of Australia, Constitution of Australia, Constitution of Canada, Constitution of Nauru, Constitutional Convention (Australia), Consul (representative), Criminal law of Australia, Cyril Walsh, D'Emden v Pedder, Darlinghurst, New South Wales, David Adeang, Deakin v Webb, Debt bondage, Defamation, Dietrich v The Queen, Douglas Menzies, Dow Jones & Co Inc v Gutnick, Due process, Edmund Barton, Edward McTiernan, Equity (law), Excise, Executive (government), Extradition, Family Court of Australia, Family Law Act 1975, Federal Circuit Court of Australia, Federal Court of Australia, Federal Register of Legislation, Federalism in Australia, Federation of Australia, Frank Gavan Duffy, Frank Kitto, Garfield Barwick, George Dibbs, George Rich, George Wise, Gerard Brennan, Government of Australia, Government of Queensland, Government of South Australia, Government of Victoria, Governor of South Australia, Governor-General of Australia, Great Depression, Guardian Australia, H. B. Higgins, H. V. Evatt, Ha v New South Wales, Harry Gibbs, Hayden Starke, Henry Grey, 3rd Earl Grey, Hobart, Human trafficking, Ian Callinan, Income tax, Injunction, Inter se, Isaac Isaacs, Jack Lang (Australian politician), James Edelman, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, John Curtin, John Downer, John Kerr (governor-general), John Latham (judge), John Quick (politician), John Toohey (judge), Joint Sitting of the Australian Parliament of 1974, Joseph Chamberlain, Josiah Symon, Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Judicial functions of the House of Lords, Judicial review, Judiciary, Judiciary Act 1903, Judiciary of Australia, Jurisdiction, Justiciability, Kable v Director of Public Prosecutions (NSW), Keith Aickin, Kioa v West, Kirmani v Captain Cook Cruises Pty Ltd (No 2), Koowarta v Bjelke-Petersen, Lake Burley Griffin, Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Law clerk, Law of Australia, Law Reports, League of Nations mandate, Legal fiction, Liberal Party of Australia, Lindy Chamberlain-Creighton, Lionel Murphy, List of Chief Justices of Australia by time in office, List of High Court of Australia cases, List of Justices of the High Court of Australia, List of Law Reports in Australia, List of law schools attended by Australian High Court Justices, List of the first women appointed to Australian judicial positions, Little Bourke Street, Melbourne, Mabo v Queensland (No 2), Mandamus, Mary Gaudron, Master of the Rolls, Mathew Batsiua, McCulloch v. Maryland, Melbourne, Members of the Australian House of Representatives, 1901–1903, Members of the Yorta Yorta Aboriginal Community v Victoria, Michael Kirby (judge), Michael McHugh, Michelle Gordon, Migration Act 1958, Minister of State for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs v Teoh, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Murray Gleeson, National Library of Australia, Nationalization, Nationwide News Pty Ltd v Wills, Native title in Australia, Natural justice, Nauru, Negligence, New South Wales, New South Wales Legislative Council, New South Wales v Commonwealth (2006), Ninian Stephen, Opposition (Australia), Owen Dixon, Pacific War, Pacifism, Pape v Commissioner of Taxation, Parliament House, Canberra, Parliament of Australia, Parliament of New South Wales, Parliament of South Australia, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parliamentary Triangle, Canberra, Persona designata, Perth, Peterswald v Bartley, Phil Cleary, Politics of Nauru, Polyukhovich v Commonwealth, Precedent, Premier of New South Wales, Premier of Queensland, Prime Minister of Australia, Protestantism, Quadrant (magazine), Queen's Counsel, Queensland, Queensland v Commonwealth, R v Barger, R v Burgess; Ex parte Henry, R v Kirby; Ex parte Boilermakers' Society of Australia, R v Tang, Racial Discrimination Act 1975, Ratification, Re Canavan, Re Wakim; Ex parte McNally, Reading (legislature), Representative democracy, Reserve power, Reserved powers doctrine, Responsible government, Richard Graves MacDonnell, Richard O'Connor (politician), Robert French, Robert Menzies, Roche v Kronheimer, Ronald Wilson, Royal Commission, Russell case, Samuel Griffith, Samuel Way, SBS World News, Secretary of State for the Colonies, Section 44 of the Constitution of Australia, Section 51(vi) of the Constitution of Australia, Section 51(xx) of the Constitution of Australia, Section 51(xxix) of the Constitution of Australia, Section 90 of the Constitution of Australia, Section 92 of the Constitution of Australia, Senior Counsel, Separation of powers, Slavery, South Australia v Commonwealth, Stamp duty, Statelessness, States and territories of Australia, Stephen Gageler, Strickland v Rocla Concrete Pipes Ltd, Sue v Hill, Supreme court, Supreme Court of Canada, Supreme Court of Nauru, Supreme Court of the United States, Supreme Court of Victoria, Susan Crennan, Susan Kiefel, Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, Sydney Law School, Sykes v Cleary, Tasmania, Tax noncompliance, Territorial waters, The Sydney Morning Herald, Theophanous v Herald & Weekly Times Ltd, Tipstaff, Tom Denning, Baron Denning, Tom Roberts, Tort law in Australia, Treaty, Treaty of Versailles, United States constitutional law, University of Melbourne, Unlawful assembly, Victor Windeyer, Victoria v Commonwealth (1957), Victoria v Commonwealth (September 1975), Virginia Bell, Waltons Stores (Interstate) Ltd v Maher, Washington, D.C., Western Australia v Commonwealth (1975), Wik Peoples v Queensland, Wilkie v Commonwealth, William Webb (judge), World War II, Writ of prohibition, Wrongful life, 1975 Australian constitutional crisis. 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ABC News is a national news service in Australia produced by the News and Current Affairs division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
Aboriginal title is a common law doctrine that the land rights of indigenous peoples to customary tenure persist after the assumption of sovereignty under settler colonialism.
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.
Adelaide Co of Jehovah's Witnesses Inc v Commonwealth was a court case decided in the High Court of Australia on 14 June 1943.
Admiralty law or maritime law is a body of law that governs nautical issues and private maritime disputes.
Sir Adrian Knox KCMG, KC (29 November 186327 April 1932) was an Australian lawyer and judge who served as the second Chief Justice of Australia, in office from 1919 to 1930.
Al-Kateb v Godwin, was a decision of the High Court of Australia, which ruled on 6 August 2004 that the indefinite detention of a stateless person was lawful.
Sir Alan Russell Taylor KBE QC (25 November 1901 – 3 August 1969) Australian judge, was a Justice of the High Court of Australia.
Albert Bathurst Piddington KC (9 September 1862 – 5 June 1945) was an Australian lawyer, politician and judge.
Alfred Deakin (3 August 18567 October 1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia, in office for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910.
Amalgamated Society of Engineers v Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd, commonly known as the Engineers case,.
Andrew Fisher (29 August 186222 October 1928) was an Australian politician who served three separate terms as Prime Minister of Australia – from 1908 to 1909, from 1910 to 1913, and from 1914 to 1915.
Andrew Inglis Clark (24 February 1848 -14 November 1907) was an Australian Founding Father and the principal author of the Australian Constitution; he was also an engineer, barrister, politician, electoral reformer and jurist.
Sir Anthony Frank Mason, (born 21 April 1925) is an Australian judge who served as the ninth Chief Justice of Australia, in office from 1987 to 1995.
An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court of appeals (American English), appeal court (British English), court of second instance or second instance court, is any court of law that is empowered to hear an appeal of a trial court or other lower tribunal.
Attorney-General (Vic); Ex rel Dale v Commonwealth,.
The Attorney-General for AustraliaThe title is officially "Attorney-General".
Attorney-General (NSW) v Brewery Employees Union of NSW,.
The Australasian Legal Information Institute (AustLII) is an institution operated jointly by the Faculties of Law of the University of Technology Sydney and the University of New South Wales.
The Australia Act 1986 is the short title of each of a pair of separate but related pieces of legislation: one an Act of the Commonwealth (i.e. federal) Parliament of Australia, the other an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Australian administrative law defines the extent of the powers and responsibilities held by administrative agencies of Australian governments.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the independent statistical agency of the Government of Australia.
Australian Capital Television v Commonwealth,.
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT; known as the Federal Capital Territory until 1938) is Australia's federal district, located in the south-east of the country and enclaved within the state of New South Wales.
Australian Communist Party v The Commonwealth, also known as the Communist Party Case,.
The Australian Constitutional Convention 1998 was a Constitutional Convention which gathered at the Old Parliament House, Canberra from 2–13 February 1998.
Australian constitutional law is the area of the law of Australia relating to the interpretation and application of the Constitution of Australia.
Australian contract law concerns the legal enforcement of promises that were made as part of a bargain freely entered into, forming a legal relationship called a contract.
The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two Houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia.
The Australian Labor Party (ALP, also Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a political party in Australia.
The Australian Law Reform Commission (often abbreviated to ALRC) is an Australian independent statutory body established to conduct reviews into the law of Australia.The reviews, also called inquiries or references, are referred to the ALRC by the Attorney-General of Australia.
The Australian Law Reports are an unauthorised series of law reports which report cases from the High Court of Australia, Federal Court of Australia and the Supreme Courts of the states and territories exercising federal jurisdiction.
The Australian Marriage Law Postal Survey was a national survey designed to gauge support for legalising same-sex marriage in Australia.
The Australian National Heritage List is a heritage register, a list of national heritage places deemed to be of outstanding heritage significance to Australia.
The Constitution Alteration (Retirement of Judges) 1977 was an Australian referendum held in the 1977 referendums in which electors approved an amendment to the Australian constitution to provide for a retirement age for federal judges.
The Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS) is Australia's foreign intelligence agency.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
Bank of New South Wales v The Commonwealth, also known as the Bank Nationalisation Case, is a decision of the High Court of Australia.
Baron Divavesi Waqa (born 31 December 1959) is a Nauruan politician who has been 14th President of Nauru since 11 June 2013.
Joseph Benedict Chifley (22 September 1885 – 13 June 1951) was an Australian politician who served as the 16th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1945 to 1949.
William Morris Hughes, (25 September 186228 October 1952) was an Australian politician who served as the seventh Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1915 to 1923.
Brisbane is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.
Brown v Tasmania,.
Brutalist architecture flourished from 1951 to 1975, having descended from the modernist architectural movement of the early 20th century.
Burnie Port Authority v General Jones Pty Ltd,.
The Cabinet of Australia is the Australian Government's council of senior Ministers of the Crown, responsible to Parliament.
Canberra is the capital city of Australia.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cattanach v Melchior HCA 38; (2003) 215 CLR 1, was a significant case decided in the High Court of Australia regarding the tort of negligence in a medical context.
Charles Cameron Kingston, PC (22 October 1850 – 11 May 1908) was an Australian politician.
Sir Charles Powers (3 March 1853 – 24 April 1939), Australian politician and judge, was a Justice of the High Court of Australia from 1913 to 1929.
The Chief Justice of Australia is the presiding justice of the High Court of Australia and the highest-ranking judicial officer in the Commonwealth of Australia.
Cole v Whitfield,.
Colin Frederick Madigan AO (22 July 192117 September 2011) was an Australian architect.
Colonial Sugar Refining Co Ltd v Attorney-General (Cth),.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
The Commonwealth Law Reports (CLR) are the authorised reports of decisions of the High Court of Australia.
Commonwealth v Tasmania (popularly known as the Tasmanian Dam Case) was a significant Australian court case, decided in the High Court of Australia on 1 July 1983.
The Communist Party of Australia (CPA) was founded in 1920 and dissolved in 1991.
The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the government of the Commonwealth of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia.
The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law in Canada; the country's constitution is an amalgamation of codified acts and uncodified traditions and conventions.
The constitution of the Republic of Nauru was adopted following national independence on 31 January 1968.
In Australian history, the term Constitutional Convention refers to four distinct gatherings.
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.
The criminal law of Australia is the body of law made, recognised and applied in Australia that relates to crime.
Sir Cyril Ambrose Walsh KBE (15 June 1909 – 29 November 1973), Australian judge, was a Justice of the High Court of Australia.
D'Emden v Pedder.
Darlinghurst is an inner-city, eastern suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
David Waiau Adeang (born 24 November 1969) is a Nauruan politician, a former Speaker of the Parliament of Nauru, and Nauru's Minister for Finance and Justice, in addition he is the Minister Assisting the President of Nauru.
Deakin v Webb was one of a series of cases concerning whether the States could tax the income of a Commonwealth officer.
Debt bondage, also known as debt slavery or bonded labour, is a person's pledge of labour or services as security for the repayment for a debt or other obligation, where there is no hope of actually repaying the debt.
Defamation, calumny, vilification, or traducement is the communication of a false statement that, depending on the law of the country, harms the reputation of an individual, business, product, group, government, religion, or nation.
Dietrich v The Queen is an important legal case that was decided in the High Court of Australia on 13 November 1992, stemming from an incident that took place on 17 December 1986.
Sir Douglas Ian Menzies KBE (7 September 190729 November 1974) was an Australian judge, serving as a Justice of the High Court of Australia.
Dow Jones & Co.
Due process is the legal requirement that the state must respect all legal rights that are owed to a person.
Sir Edmund "Toby" Barton, (18 January 18497 January 1920) was an Australian politician and judge who served as the first Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1901 to 1903.
Sir Edward Aloysius McTiernan, KBE (16 February 1892 – 9 January 1990), was an Australian lawyer, politician, and judge.
In jurisdictions following the English common law system, equity is the body of law which was developed in the English Court of Chancery and which is now administered concurrently with the common law.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
Extradition is the act by one jurisdiction of delivering a person who has been accused of committing a crime in another jurisdiction or has been convicted of a crime in that other jurisdiction into the custody of a law enforcement agency of that other jurisdiction.
The Family Court of Australia is a superior Australian federal court of record which deals with family law matters, such as divorce applications, parenting disputes, and the division of wealth when a couple separate.
The Family Law Act 1975, referred to as the FLA by legal practitioners, is an Act of the Australian Parliament.
The Federal Circuit Court of Australia (formerly known as the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia) is an Australian court with jurisdiction over matters broadly relating to family law and child support, administrative law, admiralty law, bankruptcy, copyright, human rights, industrial law, migration, privacy and trade practices.
The Federal Court of Australia is an Australian superior court of record which has jurisdiction to deal with most civil disputes governed by federal law (with the exception of family law matters), along with some summary (less serious) criminal matters.
The Federal Register of Legislation (formerly ComLaw), also known as the Legislation Register, is an Australian government web site run by the Office of Parliamentary Counsel since October 2012 that provides online copies of Commonwealth legislation and related documents.
Federalism was adopted, as a constitutional principle, in Australia on 1 January 1901 – the date upon which the six self-governing Australian Colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia federated, formally constituting the Commonwealth of Australia.
The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia.
Sir Frank Gavan Duffy, KCMG, KC (29 February 1852 – 29 July 1936) was an Australian judge who served as the fourth Chief Justice of Australia, in office from 1931 to 1935.
Sir Frank Walters Kitto, (30 July 1903 – 15 February 1994), Australian judge, was a Justice of the High Court of Australia.
Sir Garfield Edward John Barwick, (22 June 190313 July 1997) was an Australian judge who was the seventh and longest serving Chief Justice of Australia, in office from 1964 to 1981.
Sir George Richard Dibbs KCMG (12 October 1834 – 5 August 1904) was an Australian politician who was Premier of New South Wales on three occasions.
Sir George Edward Rich (3 May 1863 – 14 May 1956) was an Australian lawyer and judge who served on the High Court of Australia from 1913 to 1950.
George Henry Wise (1 July 185331 July 1950) was an Australian politician and solicitor.
Sir Francis Gerard Brennan,, (born 22 May 1928) is an Australian lawyer and jurist who served as the 10th Chief Justice of Australia (appointed by Prime Minister Paul Keating in 1995).
The Government of the Commonwealth of Australia (also referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, or the Federal Government) is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
The Government of Queensland, also referred to as the Queensland Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Queensland.
The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of South Australia.
The Government of Victoria is the executive administrative authority of the Australian state of Victoria.
The Governor of South Australia is the representative in the Australian state of South Australia of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia.
The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Guardian Australia is the Australian online presence of the global online publication and British newspaper, The Guardian.
Henry Bournes Higgins KC (30 June 1851 – 13 January 1929), known by his initials, was an Australian lawyer, politician, and judge.
Herbert Vere Evatt, (30 April 1894 – 2 November 1965), usually known as H. V. Evatt or Bert Evatt, and often as "Doc" Evatt on account of his Doctor of Laws (LLD) degree, was an Australian judge, lawyer, parliamentarian and writer. Evatt was a Justice of the High Court of Australia from 1930 to 1940; Attorney-General and Minister for External Affairs from 1941 to 1949; the third President of the United Nations General Assembly from 1948 to 1949, when he helped to draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; Leader of the Australian Labor Party (and Leader of the Opposition) from 1951 to 1960; and Chief Justice of New South Wales from 1960 to 1962.
Ha v New South Wales.
Sir Harry Talbot Gibbs, GCMG, AC, KBE, QC (7 February 191725 June 2005) was Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia from 1981 to 1987 after serving as a member of the High Court between 1970 and 1981.
Sir Hayden Erskine Starke KCMG (22 February 1871 – 14 May 1958), an Australian judge, was a justice of the High Court of Australia.
Henry George Grey, 3rd Earl Grey (28 December 18029 October 1894), known as Viscount Howick from 1807 until 1845, was an English statesman.
Hobart is the capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania.
Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others.
Ian David Francis Callinan AC QC (born 1 September 1937) is a former Justice of the High Court of Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy.
An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).
An injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a court order that compels a party to do or refrain from specific acts.
Inter se (also styled as inter sese) is a Legal Latin phrase that means "mong or between themselves".
Sir Isaac Alfred Isaacs (6 August 1855 – 11 February 1948) was an Australian lawyer, politician, and judge who served as the ninth Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1931 to 1936.
John Thomas Lang (21 December 187627 September 1975), usually referred to as J. T. Lang during his career, and familiarly known as "Jack" and nicknamed "The Big Fella", was an Australian politician who twice served as the 23rd Premier of New South Wales from 1925 to 1927 and again from 1930 1932.
James Joshua Edelman (born 9 January 1974) has been a justice of the High Court of Australia since 30 January 2017, and is a former justice of the Federal Court of Australia and the Supreme Court of Western Australia.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
John Curtin (8 January 1885 – 5 July 1945) was an Australian politician who served as the 14th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1941 to his death in 1945.
Sir John William Downer, KCMG, KC (6 July 1843 – 2 August 1915) was the Premier of South Australia twice, from 16 June 1885 until 11 June 1887 and again from 1892 to 1893.
Sir John Robert Kerr, (24 September 1914 – 24 March 1991) was the 18th Governor-General of Australia.
Sir John Greig Latham GCMG QC (26 August 1877 – 25 July 1964) was an Australian lawyer, politician, and judge who served as the fifth Chief Justice of Australia, in office from 1935 to 1952.
Sir John Quick (22 April 1852 – 17 June 1932) was an English-born Australian politician and author, who was the federal Member of Parliament for Bendigo from 1901 to 1913 and a leading delegate to the Constitutional Conventions in the 1890s.
John Leslie Toohey, AC, QC (4 March 1930 – 9 April 2015) was an Australian judge who was a Justice of the High Court of Australia from 1987 to 1998.
A joint sitting of the Australian parliament was convened in 1974, in which members of the Senate and House of Representatives sat together as a single legislative body.
Joseph Chamberlain (8 July 1836 – 2 July 1914) was a British statesman who was first a radical Liberal, then, after opposing home rule for Ireland, a Liberal Unionist, and eventually served as a leading imperialist in coalition with the Conservatives.
Sir Josiah Henry Symon KCMG (27 September 184629 March 1934), Scottish-Australian lawyer and politician, was a member of the Australian Senate in the First Australian Parliament, and an Attorney-General of Australia.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
The House of Lords, in addition to having a legislative function, historically also had a judicial function.
Judicial review is a process under which executive or legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
The Judiciary Act 1903 regulates the structure of the Australian judicial system and confers jurisdiction on Australian federal courts.
The judiciary of Australia comprises judges who sit in federal courts and courts of the States and Territories of Australia.
Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.
Justiciability concerns the limits upon legal issues over which a court can exercise its judicial authority.
Kable v Director of Public Prosecutions for NSW, was a significant case decided in the High Court of Australia regarding the independence of the judiciary under the Constitution of Australia.
Sir Keith Arthur Aickin,, (1 February 1916 – 18 June 1982), Australian judge, was a Justice of the High Court of Australia.
Kioa v West,.
Kirmani v Captain Cook Cruises Pty Ltd (No 2),.
Koowarta v Bjelke-Petersen,.
Lake Burley Griffin is an artificial lake in the centre of Canberra, the capital of Australia.
Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
A law clerk or a judicial clerk is an individual—generally an attorney—who provides direct assistance and counsel to a judge in making legal determinations and in writing opinions by researching issues before the court.
The law of Australia comprises many levels of codified and uncodified forms of law.
The Law Reports is the name of a series of law reports published by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting.
A League of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following World War I, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed-upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations.
A legal fiction is a fact assumed or created by courts which is then used in order to help reach a decision or to apply a legal rule.
The Liberal Party of Australia is a major centre-right political party in Australia, one of the two major parties in Australian politics, along with the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP).
Alice Lynne "Lindy" Chamberlain-Creighton (née Murchison; born 4 March 1948) is a New Zealand-born woman who was wrongfully convicted in one of Australia's most publicised murder trials.
Lionel Keith Murphy QC (30 August 1922 – 21 October 1986) was an Australian politician and judge.
This is a list of Australian Chief Justices by time in office.
This is a chronological list of significant cases decided by the High Court of Australia.
The following table contains the details of the 48 men and five women who have ever been appointed as Justices of the High Court of Australia.
This is a list of Law reports covering the decisions of Australian Courts.
There have been 48 men and five women who have been appointed as Justices of the High Court of Australia.
This is a list of the first women appointed to Australian judicial positions, a celebration of the pioneering Australians who are members of the FW2 club or First Woman to club.
Little Bourke Street (abbreviated to Lt. Bourke St) in Melbourne's CBD runs roughly east–west within the Hoddle Grid.
Mabo v Queensland (No 2) (commonly known as Mabo).
Mandamus (Latin "we command") is a judicial remedy in the form of an order from a superior court, to any government, subordinate court, corporation, or public authority, to do (or forbear from doing) some specific act which that body is obliged under law to do (or refrain from doing), and which is in the nature of public duty, and in certain cases one of a statutory duty.
Mary Genevieve Gaudron (born 5 January 1943), is an Australian lawyer and judge, who was the first female Justice of the High Court of Australia.
The Keeper or Master of the Rolls and Records of the Chancery of England, known as the Master of the Rolls, is the second-most senior judge in England and Wales after the Lord Chief Justice, and serves as President of the Civil Division of the Court of Appeal and Head of Civil Justice.
Mathew Jansen Batsiua (born May 27, 1971) is a Nauruan politician.
McCulloch v. Maryland,, was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
This is a list of the members of the Australian House of Representatives in the First Australian Parliament, which was elected on 29 March 1901.
Yorta Yorta v Victoria was a native title claim by the Yorta Yorta indigenous people of north central Victoria, Australia which was dismissed by Justice Olney of the Federal Court of Australia in 1998.
Michael Donald Kirby (born 18 March 1939) is an Australian jurist and academic who is a former Justice of the High Court of Australia, serving from 1996 to 2009.
Michael Hudson McHugh (born 1 November 1935) is a former justice of the High Court of Australia; the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy.
Michelle Marjorie Gordon (born 19 November 1964) is a Justice of the High Court of Australia.
The Migration Act 1958 is an act of the Parliament of Australia.
Minister of State for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs v Teoh (commonly known as Teoh's case) was an Australian court case which was decided by the High Court of Australia on 7 April 1995.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
Anthony Murray Gleeson, (born 30 August 1938) is a former Australian judge who served as the 11th Chief Justice of Australia, in office from 1998 to 2008.
The National Library of Australia is the largest reference library in Australia, responsible under the terms of the National Library Act for "maintaining and developing a national collection of library material, including a comprehensive collection of library material relating to Australia and the Australian people." In 2012–13, the National Library collection comprised 6,496,772 items, and an additional of manuscript material.
Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.
Nationwide News Pty Ltd v Wills is a High Court of Australia case that deals with a number of issues regarding the Australian Constitution, including the Express right free interstate trade and commerce (section 92), the implied freedom of political communication, and the role of proportionality.
In Australia, the common law doctrine of Aboriginal title is referred to as native title, which is "the recognition by Australian law that Indigenous people have rights and interests to their land that come from their traditional laws and customs".
In English law, natural justice is technical terminology for the rule against bias (nemo iudex in causa sua) and the right to a fair hearing (audi alteram partem).
Nauru (Naoero, or), officially the Republic of Nauru (Repubrikin Naoero) and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific.
Negligence (Lat. negligentia) is a failure to exercise appropriate and or ethical ruled care expected to be exercised amongst specified circumstances.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
The New South Wales Legislative Council, or upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of the Australian state of New South Wales.
New South Wales v Commonwealth (also called the WorkChoices case).
Sir Ninian Martin Stephen (15 June 1923 – 29 October 2017) was an Australian judge who served as the 20th Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1982 to 1989.
In Australian parliamentary practice, the Opposition or Official Opposition is usually the official title of the second largest party or coalition of parties in the Australian House of Representatives with its leader being given the title Leader of the Opposition.
Sir Owen Dixon (28 April 1886 – 7 July 1972) was an Australian judge and diplomat who served as the sixth Chief Justice of Australia.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
Pacifism is opposition to war, militarism, or violence.
Pape v Commissioner of Taxation is an Australian court case concerning the constitutional validity of the Tax Bonus for Working Australians Act (No 2) 2009 (Cth) which seeks to give one-off payments of up to $900 to Australian taxpayers.
Parliament House is the meeting place of the Parliament of Australia, located in Canberra, the capital of Australia.
The Parliament of Australia (officially the Federal Parliament; also known as the Commonwealth Parliament or just Parliament) is the legislative branch of the government of Australia.
The Parliament of New South Wales, located in Parliament House on Macquarie Street, Sydney, is the main legislative body in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW).
The Parliament of South Australia at Parliament House, Adelaide is the bicameral legislature of the Australian state of South Australia.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The National Triangle, which is referred to as the Parliamentary Triangle, is the ceremonial precinct of Canberra, containing some of Australia's most significant buildings.
The persona designata doctrine is a doctrine in law, particularly in Canadian and Australian constitutional law which states that, although it is generally impermissible for a federal judge to exercise non-judicial power, it is permissible for a judge to do so if the power has been conferred on the judge personally, as opposed to powers having been conferred on the court.
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia.
Peterswald v Bartley.
Philip Ronald Cleary (born 8 December 1952) is an Australian commentator on politics and sport, particularly Australian rules football, and a former independent politician elected at the 1992 Wills by-election.
Politics of Nauru takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Nauru is the head of government of the executive branch.
Polyukovich v The Commonwealth HCA 32; (1991) 172 CLR 501, commonly referred to as the War Crimes Act Case, was a significant case decided in the High Court of Australia regarding the scope of the external affairs power in section 51(xxix) of the Constitution and the judicial power of the Commonwealth.
In common law legal systems, a precedent, or authority, is a principle or rule established in a previous legal case that is either binding on or persuasive for a court or other tribunal when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts.
The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.
The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Quadrant is an Australian literary and cultural journal.
A Queen's Counsel (postnominal QC), or King's Counsel (postnominal KC) during the reign of a king, is an eminent lawyer (usually a barrister or advocate) who is appointed by the Monarch to be one of "Her Majesty's Counsel learned in the law." The term is also recognised as an honorific.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
Queensland v Commonwealth,.
R v Barger.
R v Burgess; Ex parte Henry, was a case decided in the High Court of Australia regarding the scope of the trade and commerce power and the external affairs power, in sections 51(i) and 51(xxix) respectively, of the Constitution.
R v Kirby; Ex parte Boilermakers' Society of Australia,.
R v Tang.
The Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth),.
Ratification is a principal's approval of an act of its agent that lacked the authority to bind the principal legally.
Re Canavan; Re Ludlam; Re Waters; Re Roberts; Re Joyce; Re Nash; Re Xenophon (commonly referred to as the "Citizenship Seven case") is a set of cases, heard together by the High Court of Australia sitting as the Court of Disputed Returns, arising from doubts as to the eligibility of a number of members of Parliament to be elected to Parliament because of section 44(i) of the Constitution.
Re Wakim; Ex parte McNally.
A reading of a bill is a debate on the bill held before the general body of a legislature, as opposed to before a committee or an other group.
Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
In a parliamentary or semi-presidential system of government, a reserve power is a power that may be exercised by the head of state without the approval of another branch of the government.
The reserved powers doctrine was a principle used by the inaugural High Court of Australia in the interpretation of the Constitution of Australia, that emphasised the context of the Constitution, drawing on principles of federalism, what the Court saw as the compact between the newly formed Commonwealth and the former colonies, particularly the compromises that informed the text of the constitution.
Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.
Sir Richard Graves MacDonnell (name in) (3 September 1814 – 5 February 1881) was an Anglo-Irish lawyer, judge and colonial governor.
Richard Edward O'Connor (4 August 1851 – 18 November 1912) was an Australian politician and judge.
Robert Shenton French (born 19 March 1947) is a retired Australian lawyer and judge who served as the twelfth Chief Justice of Australia, in office from 2008 to 2017.
Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, (20 December 189415 May 1978), was an Australian politician who twice served as Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1939 to 1941 and again from 1949 to 1966.
Roche v Kronheimer.
Sir Ronald Darling Wilson, (23 August 192215 July 2005) was a distinguished Australian lawyer, judge and social activist serving on the High Court of Australia between 1979 and 1989 and as the President of the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission between 1990 and 1997.
A Royal Commission is a major ad-hoc formal public inquiry into a defined issue in some monarchies.
The Russell case, also called the Ampthill baby case, was a series of proceedings related to the conception of Geoffrey Russell.
Sir Samuel Walker Griffith (21 June 1845 – 9 August 1920) was an Australian judge and politician who served as the inaugural Chief Justice of Australia, in office from 1903 to 1919.
Sir Samuel James Way, 1st Baronet (11 April 1836 – 8 January 1916), English-Australian jurist, was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of South Australia from 18 March 1876 until 8 January 1916.
SBS World News is the news service of the Special Broadcasting Service in Australia.
The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet minister in charge of managing the United Kingdom's various colonial dependencies.
Section 44 of the Australian Constitution lists the grounds for disqualification on who may become a candidate for election to the Parliament of Australia.
Section 51(vi) of the Australian Constitution, commonly called the defence power, is a subsection of Section 51 of the Australian Constitution that gives the Commonwealth Parliament the right to legislate with respect to the defence of Australia and the control of the defence forces.
Section 51(xx) of the Australian Constitution, is a subsection of Section 51 of the Australian Constitution that gives the Commonwealth Parliament the power to legislate with respect to "foreign corporations, and trading or financial corporations formed within the limits of the Commonwealth".
Section 51(xxix) of the Australian Constitution is a subsection of Section 51 of the Australian Constitution that gives the Commonwealth Parliament of Australia the right to legislate with respect to "external affairs".
Section 90 of the Constitution of Australia prohibits the States from imposing customs duties and of excise.
Section 92 of the Constitution of Australia, Trade within the Commonwealth to be free.
The title of Senior Counsel or State Counsel (post-nominal letters: SC) is given to a senior lawyer in some countries that were formerly part of the British Empire.
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
South Australia v Commonwealth ("the First Uniform Tax case") is a decision of the High Court of Australia that established the Commonwealth government's ability to impose a scheme of uniform income tax across the country and displace the State. It was a major contributor to Australia's vertical fiscal imbalance in the spending requirements and taxing abilities of the various levels of government, and was thus a watershed moment in the development of federalism in Australia.
Stamp duty is a tax that is levied on documents.
In International law a stateless person is someone who is "not considered as a national by any state under the operation of its law".
Australia (officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia) is a federation of six states, together with ten federal territories.
Stephen John Gageler (born 5 July 1958) is a Justice of the High Court of Australia.
Strickland v Rocla Concrete Pipes Ltd,.
Sue v Hill was an Australian court case decided in the High Court of Australia on 23 June 1999.
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.
The Supreme Court of Canada (Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada, the final court of appeals in the Canadian justice system.
The Supreme Court of Nauru is the highest court in the judicial system of the Republic of Nauru.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The Supreme Court of Victoria is the superior court for the State of Victoria, Australia.
Susan Maree Crennan (née Walsh; born 1 July 1945), is a former Justice of the High Court of Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy.
Susan Mary Kiefel (born 17 January 1954) is the Chief Justice of Australia, in office since 30 January 2017.
The Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, at one stage temporarily the Sydney Mardi Gras, or locally Mardi Gras, is an annual LGBT pride parade and festival in Sydney, Australia, attended by hundreds of thousands of people from around Australia and overseas.
Sydney Law School (informally Sydney Law or SLS) is the law school at the University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university.
Sykes v Cleary.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
Tax noncompliance is a range of activities that are unfavorable to a state's tax system.
Territorial waters or a territorial sea, as defined by the 2013 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, is a belt of coastal waters extending at most from the baseline (usually the mean low-water mark) of a coastal state.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
Theophanous v Herald & Weekly Times Ltd.
The Tipstaff is an officer of a court or, in some countries, a law clerk to a judge.
Alfred Thompson “Tom” Denning, Baron Denning, (23 January 1899 – 5 March 1999) was an English lawyer and judge.
Thomas William "Tom" Roberts (8 March 185614 September 1931) was a British-born Australian artist and a key member of the Heidelberg School, also known as Australian Impressionism.
Tort law in Australia consists of both common law and, to a lesser extent, legislation.
A treaty is an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
United States constitutional law is the body of law governing the interpretation and implementation of the United States Constitution.
The University of Melbourne is a public research university located in Melbourne, Australia.
Unlawful assembly is a legal term to describe a group of people with the mutual intent of deliberate disturbance of the peace.
Major General Sir William John Victor Windeyer, (28 July 1900 – 23 November 1987) was an Australian judge, soldier, educator, and a Justice of the High Court of Australia.
Victoria v Commonwealth,.
Victoria v Commonwealth was an important decision of the High Court of Australia concerning the procedures in section 57 of the Constitution.
Virginia Margaret Bell (born 7 March 1951) is the senior puisne Justice of the High Court of Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy.
Waltons Stores (Interstate) Ltd v Maher,.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Western Australia v Commonwealth, also known as the First Territory Senators' Case, was an important decision of the High Court of Australia concerning the procedure in section 57 of the Constitution and the representation of territories in the Senate.
Wik Peoples v The State of Queensland,.
Wilkie v Commonwealth and Australian Marriage Equality v Minister for Finance,.
Sir William Flood Webb KBE (21 January 1887 – 11 August 1972) was a judge of the Supreme Court of Queensland and the High Court of Australia.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
A writ of prohibition is a writ directing a subordinate to stop doing something the law prohibits.
Wrongful life is the name given to a legal action in which someone is sued by a severely disabled child (through the child's legal guardian) for failing to prevent the child's birth.
The 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, also known simply as the Dismissal, has been described as the greatest political and constitutional crisis in Australian history.
Australian High Court, High Court (Australia), High court of Australia, High court of australia, Mason court, Section 73 of the Constitution of Australia, Section 75 of the Constitution of Australia, Section 76 of the Constitution of Australia, Supreme Court of Australia, The High Court of Australia.