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An academic department is a division of a university or school faculty devoted to a particular academic discipline.
Academic job market refers to the pool of vacant teaching and administrative positions in Academia, i.e. in institutions of Higher Education such as universities and colleges, and also to the competition for these positions, and the mechanisms for advertising and filling them.
Academic ranks in the United States are the titles, relative importance and power of professors, researchers, and administrative personnel held in academia.
Academic standards are the benchmarks of quality and excellence in education such as the rigour of curricula and the difficulty of examinations.
A tenured appointment is an indefinite academic appointment that can be terminated only for cause or under extraordinary circumstances, such as financial exigency or program discontinuation.
Academically Adrift: Limited Learning on College Campuses is a book written by Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa, published by the University of Chicago Press in January 2011.
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
The ACT (originally an abbreviation of American College Testing) Name changed in 1996.
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea.
Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft.
Affirmative action, also known as reservation in India and Nepal, positive action in the UK, and employment equity (in a narrower context) in Canada and South Africa, is the policy of protecting members of groups that are known to have previously suffered from discrimination.
Affirmative action in the United States is a set of laws, policies, guidelines, and administrative practices "intended to end and correct the effects of a specific form of discrimination." These include government-mandated, government-sanctioned, and voluntary private programs that tend to focus on access to education and employment, granting special consideration to historically excluded groups, specifically racial minorities or women.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Air traffic controllers often abbreviated ATC are personnel responsible for the safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of air traffic in the global air traffic control system.
Aircraft Maintenance Technician (AMT), refers to a licensed qualification for carrying out aircraft maintenance.
The Alabama Commission on Higher education, a statewide 12-member lay board appointed by the Governor of Alabama, Lieutenant Governor, and Speaker of the House and confirmed by the Senate, is the state agency responsible for the overall statewide planning and coordination of higher education in Alabama, the administration of various student aid programs, and the performance of designated regulatory functions.
The alt-right, or alternative right, is a loosely-connected and somewhat ill-defined grouping of white supremacists/white nationalists, neo-Nazis, neo-fascists, neo-Confederates and other far-right fringe hate groups.
Alternative education encompasses many pedagogical approaches differing from mainstream pedagogy.
The American Community Survey (ACS) is an ongoing survey by the U.S. Census Bureau.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
Animal Science (also Animal Bioscience) is described as "studying the biology of animals that are under the control of humankind." It can also be described as the production and management of farm animals.
The Annapolis Group is an American organization of independent liberal arts colleges.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Anton-Hermann Chroust (29 January 1907 – January 1982) was a German-American jurist, philosopher and historian.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
An aptitude is a component of a competence to do a certain kind of work at a certain level.
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.
Arizona (Hoozdo Hahoodzo; Alĭ ṣonak) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States.
Art history is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts; that is genre, design, format, and style.
An artist is a person engaged in an activity related to creating art, practicing the arts, or demonstrating an art.
Ashford University is an online for-profit university headquartered in San Diego, California.
The ASPIRA Association is a nonprofit organization whose mission is "To empower the Latino community through advocacy and the education and leadership development of its youth".
An associate degree (or associate's degree) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study intended to usually last two years or more.
The Association for Psychological Science (APS), previously the American Psychological Society, is an international non-profit organization whose mission is to promote, protect, and advance the interests of scientifically oriented psychology in research, application, teaching, and the improvement of human welfare.
The Association of American Universities (AAU) is a binational organization of leading research universities devoted to maintaining a strong system of academic research and education.
In psychology, attitude is a psychological construct, a mental and emotional entity that inheres in, or characterizes a person.
Avionics are the electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft.
Baby Boomers (also known as Boomers) are the demographic cohort following the Silent Generation and preceding Generation X. There are varying timelines defining the start and the end of this cohort; demographers and researchers typically use birth years starting from the early- to mid-1940s and ending anywhere from 1960 to 1964.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB, from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both.
A Bachelor of Science (Latin Baccalaureus Scientiae, B.S., BS, B.Sc., BSc, or B.Sc; or, less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B., from the equivalent Latin Scientiae Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.
A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Bard College at Simon's Rock, more commonly known as Simon's Rock (see below), is a residential four-year liberal arts college located in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, USA.
In theories of competition in economics, a barrier to entry, or an economic barrier to entry, is a cost that must be incurred by a new entrant into a market that incumbents do not have or have not had to incur.
Baumol's cost disease (or the Baumol effect) is the rise of salaries in jobs that have experienced no increase of labor productivity, in response to rising salaries in other jobs that have experienced the labor productivity growth.
Behavioral and Brain Sciences is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of Open Peer Commentary established in 1978 by Stevan Harnad and published by Cambridge University Press.
Beloit College is a private liberal arts college in Beloit, Wisconsin.
Bennington College is a private, nonsectarian liberal arts college in Bennington, Vermont.
Big data is data sets that are so big and complex that traditional data-processing application software are inadequate to deal with them.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
A boilermaker is a trained craftsperson who produces steel fabrications from plates and tubes.
Boston College (also referred to as BC) is a private Jesuit Catholic research university located in the affluent village of Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States, west of downtown Boston.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
Bright Futures is the name of a scholarship program in the state of Florida.
The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.
Brown University is a private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island, United States.
A building code (also building control or building regulations) is a set of rules that specify the standards for constructed objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
Business administration is management of a business.
Business analytics (BA) refers to the skills, technologies, practices for continuous iterative exploration and investigation of past business performance to gain insight and drive business planning.
The outcome of business operations is the harvesting of value from assets owned by a business.
A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business administration or management.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The California Community Colleges is "a postsecondary education system" in the U.S. state of California.
The California Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC) was the higher education planning and coordinating agency of the government of the U.S. state of California.
California State University (Cal State or CSU) is a public university system in California.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Campus carry in the United States refers to the possession of firearms on college or university campuses in the United States.
Campus sexual assault is defined as the sexual assault of a student attending an institution of higher learning, such as a college or university.
The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education is a framework for classifying colleges and universities in the United States.
The Catholic Church in the United States is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in communion with the Pope in Rome.
The Center for Excellence in Higher Education (CEHE) is an Indiana-based nonprofit organization that supports free-market ideas in higher education.
The Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) is a non-profit organization "that favors far lower immigration numbers and produces research to further those views." Founded in 1985 as a spin-off from the Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR), the center's self-described mission is to provide immigration policymakers, the academic community, news media, and concerned citizens with reliable information about the social, economic, environmental, security, and fiscal consequences of legal and illegal immigration into the United States.
The Center on Education and the Workforce (CEW) is an independent, non-partisan research institute affiliated with Georgetown University in Washington, DC., United States.
Charlie David Kirk (born 24 December 1997) is an English professional footballer who plays as a forward for League Two side Crewe Alexandra.
Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that uses principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics and economics to efficiently use, produce, transform, and transport chemicals, materials and energy.
A chemical plant is an industrial process plant that manufactures (or otherwise processes) chemicals, usually on a large scale.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
Citizenship of the United States is a status that entails specific rights, duties and benefits.
The City University of New York (CUNY) is the public university system of New York City, and the largest urban university system in the United States.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.
Claims adjuster (claim adjuster), or claims handler (claim handler), investigates insurance claims by interviewing the claimant and witnesses, consulting police and hospital records, and inspecting property damage to determine the extent of the company's liability.
Clemson University is an American public, coeducational, land-grant and sea-grant research university in Clemson, South Carolina.
Clergy are some of the main and important formal leaders within certain religions.
A college (Latin: collegium) is an educational institution or a constituent part of one.
College admissions in the United States refers to the process of applying for entrance to institutions of higher education for undergraduate study at one of the nation's 2,675 schools.
The College of William & Mary (also known as William & Mary, or W&M) is a public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia. Founded in 1693 by letters patent issued by King William III and Queen Mary II, it is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, after Harvard University. William & Mary educated American Presidents Thomas Jefferson (third), James Monroe (fifth), and John Tyler (tenth) as well as other key figures important to the development of the nation, including the fourth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall of Virginia, Speaker of the House of Representatives Henry Clay of Kentucky, sixteen members of the Continental Congress, and four signers of the Declaration of Independence, earning it the nickname "the Alma Mater of the Nation." A young George Washington (1732–1799) also received his surveyor's license through the college. W&M students founded the Phi Beta Kappa academic honor society in 1776 and W&M was the first school of higher education in the United States to install an honor code of conduct for students. The establishment of graduate programs in law and medicine in 1779 makes it one of the earliest higher level universities in the United States. In addition to its undergraduate program (which includes an international joint degree program with the University of St Andrews in Scotland and a joint engineering program with Columbia University in New York City), W&M is home to several graduate programs (including computer science, public policy, physics, and colonial history) and four professional schools (law, business, education, and marine science). In his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities, Richard Moll categorized William & Mary as one of eight "Public Ivies".
The Collegiate Learning Assessment (CLA) is a standardized testing initiative in United States higher educational evaluation and assessment.
A collegiate university is a university in which functions are divided between a central administration and a number of constituent colleges.
Colorado Technical University (CTU) is a for-profit university in the United States.
Commercial art is the art of creative services, referring to art created for commercial purposes, primarily advertising.
A commercial pilot license (CPL), is a type of pilot licence that permits the holder to act as a pilot of an aircraft and be paid for his/her work.
The Common Application (informally known as the Common App) is an undergraduate college admission application that applicants may use to apply to any of more than 700 member colleges and universities in 49 states and the District of Columbia, as well as in Canada, China, and many European countries.
Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.
A community college is a type of educational institution.
In the United States, community colleges (once commonly called junior colleges) are primarily two-year public institutions of tertiary education.
Competency-based learning or competency-based education and training is an approach to teaching and learning more often used in learning concrete skills than abstract learning.
Computer engineering is a discipline that integrates several fields of computer science and electronics engineering required to develop computer hardware and software.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.
Construction Project Management (CM) is a professional service that uses specialized, project management techniques to oversee the planning, design, and construction of a project, from its beginning to its end.
A construction worker is a tradesperson, laborer, or professional employed in the physical construction of the built environment and its infrastructure.
Corinthian Colleges, Inc.
Cornell University is a private and statutory Ivy League research university located in Ithaca, New York.
Corporatization is the process of transforming state assets, government agencies, or municipal organizations into corporations.
In criminal justice, particularly in North America, correction, corrections, and correctional, are umbrella terms describing a variety of functions typically carried out by government agencies, and involving the punishment, treatment, and supervision of persons who have been convicted of crimes.
The Council of Independent Colleges (CIC) is an association in the United States of more than 650 independent, liberal arts colleges and universities and more than 100 higher education affiliates and organizations that work together to strengthen college and university leadership, sustain high-quality education, and enhance private higher education’s contributions to society.
The Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges (COPLAC) is a consortium of 30 public colleges and universities in 28 states and one Canadian province.
Coursework is work performed by students or trainees for the purpose of learning.
Credentialism and educational inflation are any of a number of related processes involving increased demands for formal educational qualifications, and the devaluation of these qualifications.
Criminal justice is the delivery of justice to those who have committed crimes.
Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment.
Dartmouth College is a private Ivy League research university in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States.
David M. Buss (born April 14, 1953) is a professor of psychology at the University of Texas at Austin, known for his evolutionary psychology theorizing and research on human sex differences in mate selection, with a focus on systems in which males are allowed violence against women in mating.
Decentralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, are distributed or delegated away from a central, authoritative location or group.
In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the cognitive process resulting in the selection of a belief or a course of action among several alternative possibilities.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
A dental hygienist or oral hygienist is a licensed dental professional, registered with a dental association or regulatory body within their country of practice.
A dental school (school of dental medicine, school of dentistry, dental college) is a tertiary educational institution—or part of such an institution—that teaches dental medicine to prospective dentists.
A detective is an investigator, usually a member of a law enforcement agency.
DeVry University is a for-profit college based in the United States.
A Doctor of Medicine (MD from Latin Medicinae Doctor) is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions.
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) is a professional doctoral degree for physicians and surgeons offered by medical schools in the United States.
A Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.; New Latin Pharmaciae Doctor) is a professional doctorate in pharmacy.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
A doctorate (from Latin docere, "to teach") or doctor's degree (from Latin doctor, "teacher") or doctoral degree (from the ancient formalism licentia docendi) is an academic degree awarded by universities that is, in most countries, a research degree that qualifies the holder to teach at the university level in the degree's field, or to work in a specific profession.
A drafter, draughtsman (British English) or draftsman, drafting technician (American English and Canadian English) is a person who makes detailed technical drawings or plans for machinery, buildings, electronics, infrastructure, sections, etc.
The DREAM Act (acronym for Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act) is an American legislative proposal for a multi-phase process for qualifying alien minors in the United States that would first grant conditional residency and, upon meeting further qualifications, permanent residency.
Early childhood education (ECE; also nursery education) is a branch of education theory which relates to the teaching of older children (formally and informally) up until the age of about eighteen (birth to Grade 2).
Earth science or geoscience is a widely embraced term for the fields of natural science related to the planet Earth.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Education in the United States is provided by public, private and home schools.
Educational accreditation is a type of quality assurance process under which services and operations of educational institutions or programs are evaluated by an external body to determine if applicable standards are met.
Educational equity, also referred to as equity in education, is a measure of achievement, fairness, and opportunity in education.
The disparity in academics among children in the United States is a result of policy in government, the difference in schools attended by children, the amount of wealth a family holds, the parenting style, the race and ethnicity of the child, and the resources available to the child and school.
Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
Electrical/Electronics engineering technology (EET) is an engineering technology field that implements and applies the principles of electrical engineering.
Electronics technicians help design, develop, test, manufacture, install, and repair electrical and electronic equipment such as communication equipment, medical monitoring devices, navigational equipment, and computers.
An elevator mechanic is someone who constructs, modernizes, repairs, or services conveyances.
Engineering is the creative application of science, mathematical methods, and empirical evidence to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations.
An engineering technologist is a professional trained in certain aspects of development and implementation of a respective area of technology.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Environmental studies is a multidisciplinary academic field which systematically studies human interaction with the environment in the interests of solving complex problems.
Equal opportunity arises from the similar treatment of all people, unhampered by artificial barriers or prejudices or preferences, except when particular distinctions can be explicitly justified.
Equity or economic equality is the concept or idea of fairness in economics, particularly in regard to taxation or welfare economics.
Ernst & Young (doing business as EY) is a multinational professional services firm headquartered in London, England.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
Ethnic studies, in the United States, is the interdisciplinary study of difference—chiefly race, ethnicity, and nation, but also sexuality, gender, and other such markings—and power, as expressed by the state, by civil society, and by individuals.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
Extracurricular or extra academic activity (EAA) are those that fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education, performed by students.
A faculty is a division within a university or college comprising one subject area, or a number of related subject areas.
The Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is a form that can be prepared annually by current and prospective college students (undergraduate and graduate) in the United States to determine their eligibility for student financial aid.
Fashion design is the art of applying design, aesthetics and natural beauty to clothing and its accessories.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
A Federal Perkins Loan, or Perkins Loan, is a need-based student loan offered by the U.S. Department of Education to assist American college students in funding their post-secondary education.
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York is one of the 12 Federal Reserve Banks of the United States.
Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
A fire marshal or "Fire Commissioner", in the United States and Canada, is often a member of a state, provincial or territorial government, but may be part of a building department or a separate department altogether.
Fire prevention is a function of many fire departments.
A firefighter is a rescuer extensively trained in firefighting, primarily to extinguish hazardous fires that threaten life, property and the environment as well as to rescue people and animals from dangerous situations.
Fisher v. University of Texas,, also known as Fisher I (to distinguish it from the 2016 case), is a United States Supreme Court case concerning the affirmative action admissions policy of the University of Texas at Austin.
FlatWorld is a publisher of college-level textbooks and educational supplements founded in 2007 as Flat World Knowledge by Eric Frank and Jeff Shelstad.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU) is a public, historically black university in Tallahassee, Florida.
Florida Today is the major daily newspaper serving Brevard County, Florida.
For-profit education (also known as the education services industry or proprietary education) refers to educational institutions operated by private, profit-seeking businesses.
For-profit higher education in the United States (known as for-profit college or proprietary education in some instances) refers to higher education educational institutions operated by private, profit-seeking businesses.
A foreign language is a language originally from another country.
Formal learning is education normally delivered by trained teachers in a systematic intentional way within a school, higher education or university.
In May 1945, the U.S. Army's Information and Educational Branch was ordered to establish an overseas university campus for demobilized American service men and women in Florence, Italy.
Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.
A General Manager is an executive who has overall responsibility for managing both the revenue and cost elements of a company's income statement, known as profit & loss (P&L) responsibility.
Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.
Georgetown University is a private research university in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
Grade inflation is used in two senses: (1) grading leniency: the awarding of higher grades than students deserve, which yields a higher average grade given to students (2) the tendency to award progressively higher academic grades for work that would have received lower grades in the past.
Grading in education is the process of applying standardized measurements of varying levels of achievement in a course.
A graduate school (sometimes shortened as grad school) is a school that awards advanced academic degrees (i.e. master's and doctoral degrees) with the general requirement that students must have earned a previous undergraduate (bachelor's) degree with a high grade point average.
Graduate unemployment, or educated unemployment, is unemployment among people with an academic degree.
Grants are non-repayable funds or products disbursed or gifted by one party (grant makers), often a government department, corporation, foundation or trust, to a recipient, often (but not always) a nonprofit entity, educational institution, business or an individual.
Graphic design is the process of visual communication and problem-solving through the use of typography, photography and illustration.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
Grinnell College is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational, liberal arts college in Grinnell, Iowa.
Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome.
Hampshire College is a private liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts.
Harvard College is the undergraduate liberal arts college of Harvard University.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
Health insurance is insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
The higher education bubble in the United States is a claim that excessive investment in higher education could have negative repercussions in the broader economy.
The Higher Education Research Institute (HERI) serves as an interdisciplinary center for research, evaluation, information, policy studies, and research training in post-secondary education.
A Hispanic-serving institution, or HSI, is an institution participating in a federal program designed to assist colleges or universities in the United States that attempt to assist first generation, majority low income Hispanic students.
Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with the intention of primarily serving the African-American community.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.
The history of education in the United States, or Foundations of Education covers the trends in educational philosophy, policy, institutions, as well as formal and informal learning in America from the 17th century to the early 21st century.
A bibliography of the history of education in the United States comprises tens of thousands of books, articles and dissertations.
Home economics, domestic science or home science is a field of study that deals with home and economics.
The Hope credit, provided by (b), was available to taxpayers who have incurred expenses related to the first two years of postsecondary education.
The HOPE Program (Helping Outstanding Pupils Educationally) created in 1993 under the supervision of Georgia Governor Zell Miller, is Georgia's unique scholarship and grant program that rewards students with financial assistance in degree, diploma, and certificate programs at eligible Georgia public and private colleges and universities, and public technical colleges.
Hospitality refers to the relationship between a guest and a host, wherein the host receives the guest with goodwill, including the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers.
Humanities are academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
Illegal immigration to the United States is the entry into the United States of foreign nationals in violation of United States immigration laws and also the remaining in the country of foreign nationals after their visa, or other authority to be in the country, has expired.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Imprimis is the monthly speech digest of Hillsdale College, published by the Center for Constructive Alternatives.
An Indian reservation is a legal designation for an area of land managed by a federally recognized Native American tribe under the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs rather than the state governments of the United States in which they are physically located.
Industrial engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with the optimization of complex processes, systems, or organizations.
The United States National Forum on Information Literacy defines information literacy as "...
An information system (IS) is an organized system for the collection, organization, storage and communication of information.
The Inns of Court in London are the professional associations for barristers in England and Wales.
Inside Higher Ed is a media company and online publication that provides news, opinion, resources, events and jobs focused on college and university topics.
Institutes of technology or polytechnic institutes are technologically focused universities, many dating back to the mid-19th century.
Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project).
Intergenerational equity in economic, psychological, and sociological contexts, is the concept or idea of fairness or justice between generations.
International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as international studies (IS) or global studies (GS) — is the study of interconnectedness of politics, economics and law on a global level.
Foreign students are those who travel to a country different from their own for the purpose of tertiary study.
An internship is a period of work experience offered by an organisation for a limited period of time.
ITT Technical Institute (often shortened to ITT Tech) was a for-profit technical institute.
James Blair (1656 – 18 April 1743) was a Scottish-born clergyman in the Church of England.
Jonathan David Haidt (born October 19, 1963) is an American social psychologist and Professor of Ethical Leadership at New York University's Stern School of Business.
The Journal of Diversity in Higher Education is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by the American Psychological Association on behalf of the National Association of Diversity Officers in Higher Education.
Journalism refers to the production and distribution of reports on recent events.
A journalism school is a school or department, usually part of an established university, where journalists are trained.
A junior college is a post-secondary educational institution designed to prepare students for either skilled trades or for additional education at another college with more advanced academic material.
The Juris Doctor degree (J.D. or JD), also known as the Doctor of Jurisprudence degree (J.D., JD, D.Jur. or DJur), is a graduate-entry professional degree in law and one of several Doctor of Law degrees.
Kaplan University (KU) was a for-profit college owned by Kaplan, Inc., a subsidiary of the Graham Holdings Company.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
A land-grant university (also called land-grant college or land-grant institution) is an institution of higher education in the United States designated by a state to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890.
Latino is a term often used in the United States to refer to people with cultural ties to Latin America, in contrast to Hispanic which is a demonym that includes Spaniards and other speakers of the Spanish language.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
A law degree is an academic degree conferred for studies in law.
A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education, usually involved as part of a process for becoming a lawyer within a given jurisdiction.
A lazy river is a water ride found in water parks, hotels, resorts, and recreation centers, which usually consists of a shallow (2½ ft. to 3½ ft.) pool that flows similarly to a river.
The left–right political spectrum is a system of classifying political positions, ideologies and parties.
Leisure has often been defined as a quality of experience or as free time. Free time is time spent away from business, work, job hunting, domestic chores, and education, as well as necessary activities such as eating and sleeping.
A letter of recommendation or recommendation letter, also known as a letter of reference, reference letter or simply reference, is a document in which the writer assesses the qualities, characteristics, and capabilities of the person being recommended in terms of that individual's ability to perform a particular task or function.
Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or territory; everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.
A liberal arts college is a college with an emphasis on undergraduate study in the liberal arts and sciences.
Liberal arts colleges in the United States are certain undergraduate institutions of higher education in the United States.
Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") can claim to be the oldest programme of higher education in Western history.
The Lifetime Learning Credit, provided by, is available to taxpayers in the United States who have incurred education expenses.
A lineworker (lineman (American English), linesman (British English), powerline technician (PLT), or powerline worker) is a tradesperson who constructs and maintains electric power transmission and distribution lines.
There are 197 US members of ACCU (Association of Catholic Colleges and Universities), as of 2014.
There is a list of federally recognized tribes in the contiguous United States of America.
The longest serving president of a United States institution of higher education is Eliphalet Nott, who served at Union College in Schenectady, New York, for 62 years (1805–66).
In finance, a loan is the lending of money by one or more individuals, organizations, and/or other entities to other individuals, organizations etc.
Loan Officers, also referred to as "Mortgage Loan Originators," are people who work for banks and other financial institutions with the main objective to recommend individual and business loan applications for approval and participate in the front end of the mortgage origination process.
Logic games, abbreviated LG, and officially referred to as analytical reasoning, is one of the sections which appear on the Law School Admission Test (LSAT).
A longitudinal study (or longitudinal survey, or panel study) is a research design that involves repeated observations of the same variables (e.g., people) over short or long periods of time (i.e., uses longitudinal data).
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
A mail carrier, mailman, mailwoman, postal carrier, postman, postwoman, or letter carrier (in American English), sometimes colloquially known as a postie (in Australia, New Zealand, Scotland, and other parts of the United Kingdom), is an employee of a post office or postal service, who delivers mail and parcel post to residences and businesses.
An academic major is the academic discipline to which an undergraduate student formally commits.
Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
A Master of Arts (Magister Artium; abbreviated MA; also Artium Magister, abbreviated AM) is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech.
The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) is a master's degree in business administration (management).
A Master of Fine Arts (MFA or M.F.A.) is a creative degree in fine arts, including visual arts, creative writing, graphic design, photography, filmmaking, dance, theatre, other performing arts—or in some cases, theatre management or arts administration.
A Master of Science (Magister Scientiae; abbreviated MS, M.S., MSc, M.Sc., SM, S.M., ScM, or Sc.M.) is a master's degree in the field of science awarded by universities in many countries, or a person holding such a degree.
A master's degree (from Latin magister) is an academic degree awarded by universities or colleges upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
A mechanic is a tradesman, craftsman, or technician who uses tools to build or repair machinery.
Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies engineering, physics, engineering mathematics, and materials science principles to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintain mechanical systems.
Mechanical Engineering Technology is the application of engineering principles and technological developments for the creation of useful products and/or production machinery.
Media are the collective communication outlets or tools used to store and deliver information or data.
The median is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half.
A medical school is a tertiary educational institution —or part of such an institution— that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons.
A Medical Technologist (also known as Medical laboratory scientist, Clinical Laboratory Scientist, Medical Laboratory Technologist) is an allied health professional that analyzes and tests body fluids and tissues.
Melbourne is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States.
Men's colleges in the United States are primarily those categorized as being undergraduate, bachelor's degree-granting single-sex institutions that admit only men.
Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) is an American businessman and politician who served as the 70th Governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007 and was the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 election.
Mixed-sex education, also known as mixed-gender education, co-education or coeducation (abbreviated to co-ed or coed), is a system of education where males and females are educated together.
Modern American liberalism is the dominant version of liberalism in the United States.
Morehouse College is a private, all-male, liberal arts, historically Black college located in Atlanta, Georgia.
Mormonism is the predominant religious tradition of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity started by Joseph Smith in Western New York in the 1820s and 30s.
The Morrill Land-Grant Acts are United States statutes that allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges in U.S. states using the proceeds of federal land sales.
Mortuary science is the study of deceased bodies through mortuary work.
Founded in 1976, the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities (NAICU) is an organization of private US colleges and universities.
The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) is an American private nonprofit research organization "committed to undertaking and disseminating unbiased economic research among public policymakers, business professionals, and the academic community." The NBER is well known for providing start and end dates for recessions in the United States.
The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the part of the United States Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences (IES) that collects, analyzes, and publishes statistics on education and public school district finance information in the United States.
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions and conferences.
The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) is a bipartisan non-governmental organization (NGO) established in 1975 to serve the members and staff of state legislatures of the United States (states, commonwealths, and territories).
The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) is an American nonprofit organization that advocates for gun rights.
Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.
NBC News is the news division of the American broadcast television network NBC, formerly known as the National Broadcasting Company when it was founded on radio.
NCAA Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States.
Need-blind admission is a term used in the United States denoting a college admission policy in which the admitting institution does not consider an applicant's financial situation when deciding admission.
New College of Florida is a public liberal arts honors college located in Sarasota, Florida, United States.
Nona Willis-Aronowitz, also known as Nona Willis Aronowitz (born 1984) is an author and editor.
Nondenominational (or non-denominational) Christianity consists of churches which typically distance themselves from the confessionalism or creedalism of other Christian communities by calling themselves non-denominational.
A non-profit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity or non-profit institution, is dedicated to furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a shared point of view.
Northrop Grumman Corporation is an American global aerospace and defense technology company formed by Northrop's 1994 purchase of Grumman.
Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Nuclear technology is technology that involves the nuclear reactions of atomic nuclei.
Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life.
Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism.
Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and intervention to develop, recover, or maintain the meaningful activities, or occupations, of individuals, groups, or communities.
Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
In computer technology and telecommunications, online indicates a state of connectivity, and offline indicates a disconnected state.
Open admissions, or open enrollment, is a type of unselective and noncompetitive college admissions process in the United States in which the only criterion for entrance is a high school diploma or a General Educational Development (GED) certificate.
Operations management is an area of management concerned with designing and controlling the process of production and redesigning business operations in the production of goods or services.
In North American financial context an out-of-pocket expense (or out-of-pocket cost) is the direct outlay of cash that may or may not be later reimbursed from a third-party source.
Though the judgment of outlawry is obsolete, romanticised outlaws became stock characters in several fictional settings.
Physical science is a branch of natural science that studies non-living systems, in contrast to life science.
A paralegal is an individual, qualified by education, training or work experience, who is employed or retained by a lawyer, law office, corporation, governmental agency, or other entity and who performs specifically delegated substantive legal work for which a lawyer is responsible.
A Pell Grant is a subsidy the U.S. federal government provides for students who need it to pay for college.
Performing arts are a form of art in which artists use their voices or bodies, often in relation to other objects, to convey artistic expression.
Perspectives on Psychological Science is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal of psychology.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs.
The basic requirement for pharmacists to be considered for registration is an undergraduate or postgraduate pharmacy degree from a recognized university.
Philip E. Tetlock (born 1954) is a Canadian-American political science writer, and is currently the Annenberg University Professor at the University of Pennsylvania, where he is cross-appointed at the Wharton School and the School of Arts and Sciences.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Pitzer College is a private residential liberal arts college located in Claremont, California, United States.
A PLUS Loan is a student loan offered to parents of students enrolled at least half time, or graduate and professional students, at participating and eligible post-secondary institutions.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
A police officer, also known as an officer, policeman, policewoman, cop, police agent, or a police employee is a warranted law employee of a police force.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
The political views of American academics began to receive attention in the 1930s, and investigation into faculty political views expanded rapidly after the rise of McCarthyism.
A postal worker is one who works for a post office, such as a mail carrier.
A postmaster is the head of an individual post office.
A power station, also referred to as a power plant or powerhouse and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.
The presidency of Bill Clinton began at noon EST on January 20, 1993, when Bill Clinton was inaugurated as 42nd President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2001.
Donald Trump was inaugurated as the 45th President of the United States at noon EST on January 20, 2017, succeeding Barack Obama.
Primary education and elementary education is typically the first stage of formal education, coming after preschool and before secondary education (The first two grades of primary school, Grades 1 and 2, are also part of early childhood education).
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
Private schools, also known to many as independent schools, non-governmental, privately funded, or non-state schools, are not administered by local, state or national governments.
Private universities are typically not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks, public student loans, and grants.
A problem set is a teaching tool used by many universities.
Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, to find solutions to problems.
A professional degree, formerly known in the US as a first professional degree, is a degree that prepares someone to work in a particular profession, often meeting the academic requirements for licensure or accreditation.
Professional diving is diving where the divers are paid for their work.
Professor Watchlist is a website run by Turning Point USA that lists U.S. professors deemed to "discriminate against conservative students, promote anti-American values and advance leftist propaganda in the classroom." It was launched in 2016.
In the U.S., "professors" commonly occupy any of several positions in academia, typically the ranks of assistant professor, associate professor, or professor.
A property manager or estate manager is a person or firm charged with operating a real estate property for a fee, when the owner is unable to personally attend to such details, or is not interested in doing so.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Public policy is the principled guide to action taken by the administrative executive branches of the state with regard to a class of issues, in a manner consistent with law and institutional customs.
Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the public.
A public university is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities.
A Purchasing Manager is an employee within a company, business or other organization who is responsible at some level for buying or approving the acquisition of goods and services needed by the company.
QuestBridge is a non-profit program that links students with educational and scholarship opportunities at some U.S. colleges and universities.
A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society.
The Radiation Therapist, Therapeutic Radiographer or Radiotherapist is an allied health professional who works in the field of radiation oncology.
Radiographers, also known as radiologic technologists, diagnostic radiographers and medical radiation technologists are healthcare professionals who specialise in the imaging of human anatomy for the diagnosis and treatment of pathology.
Railroad police or railway police (called Bahnpolizei in Germany, Austria and the German-speaking parts of Switzerland) are persons responsible for the protection of railroad (or railway) properties, facilities and personnel.
A railroad switch, turnout, or points is a mechanical installation enabling railway trains to be guided from one track to another, such as at a railway junction or where a spur or siding branches off.
A signal is a mechanical or electrical device erected beside a railway line to pass information relating to the state of the line ahead to engine drivers (engineers in North America).
College and university rankings in the United States are rankings of US colleges and universities ordered by various combinations of various contributing factors which vary greatly depending on the organization performing the ranking.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
A reactor operator (or nuclear reactor operator) is an individual at a nuclear power plant who is responsible for directly controlling a nuclear reactor from a control panel and is the only individual at a nuclear power plant who can directly alter significant amounts of reactor reactivity.
A real estate broker or real estate salesperson (often called a real estate agent) is a person who acts as an intermediary between sellers & buyers of real estate/real property.
Reed College is an independent liberal arts college in southeast Portland in the U.S. state of Oregon.
A Registered Nurse (RN) is a nurse who has graduated from a nursing program and met the requirements outlined by a country, state, province or similar licensing body to obtain a nursing license.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
In secular usage, religious education is the teaching of a particular religion (although in England the term religious instruction would refer to the teaching of a particular religion, with religious education referring to teaching about religions in general) and its varied aspects: its beliefs, doctrines, rituals, customs, rites, and personal roles.
In the Roman Catholic Church, a religious institute is "a society in which members...pronounce public vows...and lead a life of brothers or sisters in common".
Remedial education (also known as developmental education, basic skills education, compensatory education, preparatory education, and academic upgrading) is assigned to assist students in order to achieve expected competencies in core academic skills such as literacy and numeracy.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Reputation or image of a social entity (a person, a social group, or an organization) is an opinion about that entity, typically as a result of social evaluation on a set of criteria.
Research I university is a category that the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education uses to indicate universities in the United States that engage in extensive research activity.
Residency is the act of establishing or maintaining a residence in a given place.
A residential college is a division of a university that places academic activity in a community setting of students and faculty, usually at a residence and with shared meals, the college having a degree of autonomy and a federated relationship with the overall university.
A respiratory therapist is a specialized healthcare practitioner trained in pulmonary medicine in order to work therapeutically with people suffering from pulmonary disease.
Richard Arum (born 1963) is an American sociologist of education and stratification, best known for his research on student learning, school discipline, race, and inequality in K-12 and higher education.
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army.
Robert Eric Wright (born January 1, 1969 in Rochester, N.Y.) is a business, economic, financial, and monetary historian and the inaugural Rudy and Marilyn Nef Family Chair of Political Economy at Augustana University in Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
Robert Zemsky (b. 1941) is a Professor of Education, the Chair of the Learning Alliance for Higher Education, and the founding director of the Institute for Research on Higher Education at the University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Education.
Ross Gregory Douthat (born November 28, 1979) is an American author, blogger and New York Times columnist.
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, commonly referred to as Rutgers University, Rutgers, or RU, is an American public research university and is the largest institution of higher education in New Jersey.
SAGE Publishing is an independent publishing company founded in 1965 in New York by Sara Miller McCune and now based in California.
Sales is activity related to selling or the amount of goods or services sold in a given time period.
Sarah Lawrence College is a private liberal arts college in the United States.
The SAT is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States.
A scholarship is an award of financial aid for a student to further their education.
School meal programs in the United States provide school meals free of charge, or at a government-subsidized price, to U.S. students from low-income families.
Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale.
Secularity (adjective form secular, from Latin saeculum meaning "worldly", "of a generation", "temporal", or a span of about 100 years) is the state of being separate from religion, or of not being exclusively allied with or against any particular religion.
Seminary, school of theology, theological seminary, Early-Morning Seminary, and divinity school are educational institutions for educating students (sometimes called seminarians) in scripture, theology, generally to prepare them for ordination as clergy, academia, or ministry.
Sexual assault is an act in which a person coerces or physically forces a person to engage in a sexual act against their will.
Social equality is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society or isolated group have the same status in certain respects, including civil rights, freedom of speech, property rights and equal access to certain social goods and services.
Social justice is a concept of fair and just relations between the individual and society.
A social movement is a type of group action.
Social Psychological and Personality Science is a peer-reviewed academic journal that covers research in social and personality psychology.
Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
Social services are a range of public services provided by the government, private, and non-profit organizations.
The Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) is an academic society for personality and social psychologists focused on promoting scientific research that explores how people think, behave and interact.
The Society of Experimental Social Psychology (SESP) is a scientific organization of social scientists founded in 1965 with the goal of advancing and communicating theories in social psychology.
The Society of Jesus (SJ – from Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in sixteenth-century Spain.
Socioeconomic status (SES) is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person's work experience and of an individual's or family's economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education, and occupation.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
A sonographer, or ultrasonographer, is a healthcare professional, who specialise in the use of ultrasonic imaging devices to produce diagnostic images, scans, videos, or 3D volumes of anatomy and diagnostic data, frequently a radiographer but may be any healthcare professional with the appropriate training.
Special education (also known as special needs education, aided education, exceptional education or Special Ed) is the practice of educating students with an IEP or Section 504 in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs.
Staff colleges (also command and staff colleges and war colleges) train military officers in the administrative, staff and policy aspects of their profession.
A Stafford Loan is a student loan offered to eligible students enrolled in accredited American institutions of higher education to help finance their education.
A standardized test is a test that is administered and scored in a consistent, or "standard", manner.
Stanley Aronowitz (born January 6, 1933) is a professor of sociology, cultural studies, and urban education at the CUNY Graduate Center.
A state legislature is a legislative branch or body of a political subdivision in a federal system.
A state university system in the United States is a group of public universities supported by an individual state or a similar entity such as the District of Columbia.
A stationary engineer, sometimes called an operating engineer, or a power engineer, operates industrial machinery and equipment that provides energy in various forms.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
Strayer University is a United States-based private, for-profit higher education institution.
Student debt is a form of debt that is owed by an attending, withdrawn, or graduated student to a lending institution.
Student financial aid in the United States is funding that is available exclusively to students attending a post-secondary educational institution in the United States.
A student loan is a type of loan designed to help students pay for post-secondary education and the associated fees, such as tuition, books and supplies, and living expenses.
Subjectivity is a central philosophical concept, related to consciousness, agency, personhood, reality, and truth, which has been variously defined by sources.
The Colleges of Nanoscale Science and Engineering are the colleges of nanotechnology at the SUNY Polytechnic Institute campus in Albany, New York.
Susan Marie Dynarski is a professor of public policy, education and economics at the University of Michigan, and co-director of the University's Education Policy Initiative.
Teachers College, Columbia University (TC or Columbia University Graduate School of Education) is a graduate school of education, health and psychology in New York City.
A teaching assistant or teacher's aide (TA) or education assistant (EA) is an individual who assists a teacher with instructional responsibilities.
Teamwork is the collaborative effort of a team to achieve a common goal or to complete a task in the most effective and efficient way.
The Technical College System of Georgia (TCSG), formerly known as the Department of Technical and Adult Education (DTAE), is the State of Georgia Government Agency which supervises the U.S. state of Georgia's 22 technical colleges, while also surveying the adult literacy program and economic and workforce development programs.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
Territories of the United States are sub-national administrative divisions directly overseen by the United States (U.S.) federal government.
Texas A&M University (Texas A&M or A&M) is a coeducational public research university in College Station, Texas, United States.
The Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB) is an agency of the U.S. state of Texas's government that oversees all public post-secondary education in the state.
A textbook exchange is the selling or trading of textbooks used from a previous college semester to students needing that textbook for the current semester.
The Art Institutes (Ai) are a system of art colleges owned by Dream Center Education Holdings.
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
The Chronicle of Higher Education is a newspaper and website that presents news, information, and jobs for college and university faculty and Student Affairs professionals (staff members and administrators).
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Future of Children is a biannual academic journal published by the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and the Brookings Institution.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Scribe is the official newspaper for the University of Colorado Colorado Springs campus, published since 1966.
Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.
Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.
A think tank, think factory or policy institute is a research institute/center and organisation that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture.
Tilburg University is a public research university specializing in the social and behavioral sciences, economics, law, business sciences, theology and humanities, located in Tilburg in the southern part of the Netherlands.
Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA) covers the administration of the United States federal student financial aid programs.
A tradesman, tradesperson, tradie or skilled tradesman refers to a worker who specializes in a particular occupation that requires work experience, on-the-job training, and often formal vocational education, but often not a bachelor's degree.
In education, a transcript is an inventory of the courses taken and grades earned of a student throughout a course of study.
Transfer admissions in the United States refers to college students changing universities during their college years.
Transit police are a specialized police agency or unit employed by a common carrier, which could be a transit district, railroad, bus line, other transport carrier, or the state.
Tribal colleges and universities are a category of higher education, minority-serving institutions in the United States.
Turning Point USA is an American conservative, right-wing nonprofit organization whose stated mission is "to educate students about true free market values." It was founded on June 5, 2012, by conservative activist Charlie Kirk.
U.S. News & World Report is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
Underemployment is the under-use of a worker due to a job that does not use the worker's skills, or is part time, or leaves the worker idle.
Undergraduate education is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education.
Undermatching is a phenomenon in American higher education in which well-qualified school-leavers, often from less affluent households, are not matched with competitive colleges.
Undocumented students are school-aged immigrants who entered the United States without inspection or overstayed their visas and are present in the United States with or without their parents.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Uni in the USA is a guide to universities around the world aimed at prospective students in the United Kingdom.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Department of Education (ED or DoED), also referred to as the ED for (the) Education Department, is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The United States presidential election of 2012 was the 57th quadrennial American presidential election.
The United States service academies, also known as the United States military academies, are federal academies for the undergraduate education and training of commissioned officers for the United States Armed Forces.
Universitas 21 (U21) is a network of research-intensive universities.
A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
The University of Alabama (Alabama or UA) is a public research university located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States, and the flagship of the University of Alabama System.
The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the US state of California.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, United States.
The University of Florida (commonly referred to as Florida or UF) is an American public land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant research university on a campus in Gainesville, Florida.
The University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) is an American public research university in the Las Vegas suburb of Paradise, Nevada.
The University of Phoenix (UOPX) is a private for-profit college, headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona, United States.
The University of South Carolina (also referred to as UofSC, USC, SC, South Carolina, or simply Carolina) is a public, co-educational research university in Columbia, South Carolina, United States, with seven satellite campuses.
The University of Virginia (U.Va. or UVA), frequently referred to simply as Virginia, is a public research university and the flagship for the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, colloquially known as P&S and formerly Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, is a graduate school of Columbia University that is located in the Columbia University Irving Medical Center in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Manhattan.
Veterinary education is the tertiary education of veterinarians.
A veterinary physician, usually called a vet, which is shortened from veterinarian (American English) or veterinary surgeon (British English), is a professional who practices veterinary medicine by treating diseases, disorders, and injuries in animals.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Vocational education is education that prepares people to work in various jobs, such as a trade, a craft, or as a technician.
In the United States, vocational education varies from state to state.
Volunteering is generally considered an altruistic activity where an individual or group provides services for no financial or social gain "to benefit another person, group or organization".
Walden University is a for-profit Public Benefit Corporation, headquartered in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
The Washington Student Achievement Council (WSAC) is the state agency overseeing higher education and student success in the state of Washington.
Wealth inequality in the United States (also known as the wealth gap) is the unequal distribution of assets among residents of the United States.
White nationalism is a type of nationalism or pan-nationalism which holds the belief that white people are a raceHeidi Beirich and Kevin Hicks.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
Women's colleges in the United States are single-sex U.S. institutions of higher education that only admit female students.
Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century.
Work colleges are distinctive liberal arts colleges in the United States that promote the purposeful integration of work, learning, and service.
Work experience is any experience that a person gains while working in a specific field or occupation, but the expression is widely used to mean a type of volunteer work that is commonly intended for young people — often students — to get a feel for professional working environments.
Yale College is the undergraduate liberal arts college of Yale University.
Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.
American Institutions of Higher Education, Criticism of higher education in the United States, Higher education in the U.S., Higher education in the US, Higher education in the United States of America, Higher education in the united states, Political views of professors in the United States, U.S. universities, US universities, Universities in the United States.