Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Hip

In vertebrate anatomy, hip (or "coxa"Latin coxa was used by Celsus in the sense "hip", but by Pliny the Elder in the sense "hip bone" (Diab, p 77) in medical terminology) refers to either an anatomical region or a joint. [1]

109 relations: Acetabular labrum, Acetabulum, Adductor brevis muscle, Adductor longus muscle, Adductor magnus muscle, Adductor minimus muscle, Adductor tubercle of femur, Anastomosis, Anatomical terms of location, Anatomical terms of motion, Anatomy, Avascular necrosis, Axial skeleton, Ball and socket joint, Belly dance, Biceps femoris muscle, Birth, Body shape, Bone fracture, Buttocks, Cartilage, Celsus, Coxa valga, Coxa vara, Cruciate anastomosis, Deep artery of the thigh, Degrees of freedom (mechanics), External obturator muscle, Fascia lata, Fashion, Femoral artery, Femoral head, Femoroacetabular impingement, Femur, Femur neck, Fertility, Genu valgum, Genu varum, Gluteal tuberosity, Gluteus maximus, Gluteus medius, Gluteus minimus, Gracilis muscle, Grande Odalisque, Greater sciatic notch, Greater trochanter, Hip bone, Hip dysplasia, Hip examination, Hip fracture, ..., Hip pain, Hip replacement, Human sexuality, Iliac crest, Iliofemoral ligament, Iliopsoas, Iliotibial tract, Ilium (bone), Inferior gemellus muscle, Internal obturator muscle, Ischial tuberosity, Ischiofemoral ligament, Ischium, Joint, Lateral circumflex femoral artery, Ligament of head of femur, List of flexors of the human body, Low back pain, Medial circumflex femoral artery, Obstetrical dilemma, Obturator artery, Osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Pectineus muscle, Pelvic tilt, Pelvis, Piriformis muscle, Pliny the Elder, Posterior gluteal line, Prosthesis, Psoas major muscle, Puberty, Pubis (bone), Pubofemoral ligament, Quadratus femoris muscle, Radiography, Radiopaedia, Rectus femoris muscle, Reference range, Rump (animal), Sacroiliac joint, Sacrum, Sartorius muscle, Semimembranosus muscle, Semitendinosus muscle, Sexual dimorphism, Shoulder, Snapping hip syndrome, Superior gemellus muscle, Synovial joint, Tensor fasciae latae muscle, The Bone & Joint Journal, Thieme Medical Publishers, Trabecula, Triradiate cartilage, Trochanteric anastomosis, Vertebrate, Waist–hip ratio, Zona orbicularis. Expand index (59 more) »

Acetabular labrum

The acetabular labrum (glenoidal labrum of the hip joint or cotyloid ligament in older texts) is a ring of cartilage that surrounds the acetabulum of the hip.

New!!: Hip and Acetabular labrum · See more »


The acetabulum (cotyloid cavity) is a concave surface of a pelvis.

New!!: Hip and Acetabulum · See more »

Adductor brevis muscle

The adductor brevis is a muscle in the thigh situated immediately deep to the pectineus and adductor longus.

New!!: Hip and Adductor brevis muscle · See more »

Adductor longus muscle

In the human body, the adductor longus is a skeletal muscle located in the thigh.

New!!: Hip and Adductor longus muscle · See more »

Adductor magnus muscle

The adductor magnus is a large triangular muscle, situated on the medial side of the thigh.

New!!: Hip and Adductor magnus muscle · See more »

Adductor minimus muscle

In human anatomy, the adductor minimus (adductor femoris minimus or adductor quartus) is a small and flat skeletal muscle in the thigh which constitutes the upper, lateral part of the adductor magnus muscle.

New!!: Hip and Adductor minimus muscle · See more »

Adductor tubercle of femur

The adductor tubercle is a tubercle on the Lower extremity of the femur (thigh bone).

New!!: Hip and Adductor tubercle of femur · See more »


An anastomosis (plural anastomoses) is a connection or opening between two things (especially cavities or passages) that are normally diverging or branching, such as between blood vessels, leaf veins, or streams.

New!!: Hip and Anastomosis · See more »

Anatomical terms of location

Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.

New!!: Hip and Anatomical terms of location · See more »

Anatomical terms of motion

Motion, the process of movement, is described using specific anatomical terms.

New!!: Hip and Anatomical terms of motion · See more »


Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.

New!!: Hip and Anatomy · See more »

Avascular necrosis

Avascular necrosis (AVN), also called osteonecrosis or bone infarction, is death of bone tissue due to interruption of the blood supply.

New!!: Hip and Avascular necrosis · See more »

Axial skeleton

The axial skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate.

New!!: Hip and Axial skeleton · See more »

Ball and socket joint

The ball and socket joint (or spheroid joint) is a type of synovial joint in which the ball-shaped surface of one rounded bone fits into the cup-like depression of another bone.

New!!: Hip and Ball and socket joint · See more »

Belly dance

Belly dance, also referred to as Arabic dance (Raqs sharqi, literally: "oriental dancing"), is an Arabic expressive dance which originated in Egypt and that emphasizes complex movements of the torso.

New!!: Hip and Belly dance · See more »

Biceps femoris muscle

The biceps femoris is a muscle of the thigh located to the posterior, or back.

New!!: Hip and Biceps femoris muscle · See more »


Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring.

New!!: Hip and Birth · See more »

Body shape

Human body shape is a complex phenomenon with sophisticated detail and function.

New!!: Hip and Body shape · See more »

Bone fracture

A bone fracture (sometimes abbreviated FRX or Fx, Fx, or #) is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of the bone.

New!!: Hip and Bone fracture · See more »


The buttocks (singular: buttock) are two rounded portions of the anatomy, located on the posterior of the pelvic region of primates (including humans), and many other bipeds or quadrupeds, and comprise a layer of fat superimposed on the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius muscles.

New!!: Hip and Buttocks · See more »


Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many other body components.

New!!: Hip and Cartilage · See more »


Celsus (Κέλσος. Kélsos) was a 2nd-century Greek philosopher and opponent of early Christianity.

New!!: Hip and Celsus · See more »

Coxa valga

Coxa valga is a deformity of the hip where the angle formed between the head and neck of the femur and its shaft is increased, usually above 135 degrees.

New!!: Hip and Coxa valga · See more »

Coxa vara

Coxa vara is a deformity of the hip, whereby the angle between the head and the shaft of the femur is reduced to less than 120 degrees.

New!!: Hip and Coxa vara · See more »

Cruciate anastomosis

The cruciate anastomosis is a circulatory anastomosis in the upper thigh of the inferior gluteal artery, the lateral and medial circumflex femoral arteries, and the first perforating artery of the profunda femoris artery.

New!!: Hip and Cruciate anastomosis · See more »

Deep artery of the thigh

The deep artery of the thigh, (profunda femoris artery or deep femoral artery) is a branch of the femoral artery that, as its name suggests, travels more deeply (posteriorly) than the rest of the femoral artery.

New!!: Hip and Deep artery of the thigh · See more »

Degrees of freedom (mechanics)

In physics, the degree of freedom (DOF) of a mechanical system is the number of independent parameters that define its configuration.

New!!: Hip and Degrees of freedom (mechanics) · See more »

External obturator muscle

The external obturator muscle, obturator externus muscle (OE) is a flat, triangular muscle, which covers the outer surface of the anterior wall of the pelvis.

New!!: Hip and External obturator muscle · See more »

Fascia lata

The fascia lata is the deep fascia of the thigh.

New!!: Hip and Fascia lata · See more »


Fashion is a popular style, especially in clothing, footwear, lifestyle products, accessories, makeup, hairstyle and body.

New!!: Hip and Fashion · See more »

Femoral artery

The femoral artery is a large artery in the thigh and the main arterial supply to the leg.

New!!: Hip and Femoral artery · See more »

Femoral head

The femoral head (femur head or head of the femur) is the highest part of the thigh bone (femur).

New!!: Hip and Femoral head · See more »

Femoroacetabular impingement

Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI), or hip impingement syndrome, may affect the hip joint in young and middle-aged adults and occurs when the ball shaped femoral head rubs abnormally or does not permit a normal range of motion in the acetabular socket.

New!!: Hip and Femoroacetabular impingement · See more »


The femur (pl. femurs or femora) or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the hip joint) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles including lizards, and amphibians such as frogs.

New!!: Hip and Femur · See more »

Femur neck

The femur neck (femoral neck or neck of the femur) is a flattened pyramidal process of bone, connecting the femoral head with the femoral shaft, and forming with the latter a wide angle opening medialward.

New!!: Hip and Femur neck · See more »


Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring.

New!!: Hip and Fertility · See more »

Genu valgum

Genu valgum, commonly called "knock-knee", is a condition in which the knees angle in and touch each other when the legs are straightened.

New!!: Hip and Genu valgum · See more »

Genu varum

Genu varum (also called bow-leggedness, bandiness, bandy-leg, and tibia vara), is a varus deformity marked by (outward) bowing at the knee, which means that the lower leg is angled inward (medially) in relation to the thigh's axis, giving the limb overall the appearance of an archer's bow.

New!!: Hip and Genu varum · See more »

Gluteal tuberosity

The gluteal tuberosity is the lateral ridge of the linea aspera.

New!!: Hip and Gluteal tuberosity · See more »

Gluteus maximus

The gluteus maximus (also known collectively with the gluteus medius and minimus, as the gluteal muscles, and sometimes referred to informally as the "glutes") is the main extensor muscle of the hip.

New!!: Hip and Gluteus maximus · See more »

Gluteus medius

The gluteus medius one of the three gluteal muscles, is a broad, thick, radiating muscle, situated on the outer surface of the pelvis.

New!!: Hip and Gluteus medius · See more »

Gluteus minimus

The gluteus minimus (or glutæus minimus), the smallest of the three gluteal muscles, is situated immediately beneath the gluteus medius.

New!!: Hip and Gluteus minimus · See more »

Gracilis muscle

The gracilis muscle (Latin for "slender") is the most superficial muscle on the medial side of the thigh.

New!!: Hip and Gracilis muscle · See more »

Grande Odalisque

Grande Odalisque, also known as Une Odalisque or La Grande Odalisque, is an oil painting of 1814 by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres depicting an odalisque, or concubine.

New!!: Hip and Grande Odalisque · See more »

Greater sciatic notch

The greater sciatic notch is a notch in the ilium, one of the bones that make up the human pelvis.

New!!: Hip and Greater sciatic notch · See more »

Greater trochanter

The greater trochanter (great trochanter) of the femur is a large, irregular, quadrilateral eminence and a part of the skeletal system.

New!!: Hip and Greater trochanter · See more »

Hip bone

The hip bone (os coxa, innominate bone, pelvic bone or coxal bone) is a large flat bone, constricted in the center and expanded above and below.

New!!: Hip and Hip bone · See more »

Hip dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is an abnormality of the hip joint where the socket portion does not fully cover the ball portion, resulting in an increased risk for joint dislocation.

New!!: Hip and Hip dysplasia · See more »

Hip examination

In medicine, physiotherapy, chiropractic, and osteopathy the hip examination, or hip exam, is undertaken when a patient has a complaint of hip pain and/or signs and/or symptoms suggestive of hip joint pathology.

New!!: Hip and Hip examination · See more »

Hip fracture

A hip fracture is a break that occurs in the upper part of the femur (thigh bone).

New!!: Hip and Hip fracture · See more »

Hip pain

Pain in the hip is the experience of pain in the muscles or joints in the hip/ pelvic region, a condition commonly arising from any of a number of factors.

New!!: Hip and Hip pain · See more »

Hip replacement

Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant, that is, a hip prosthesis.

New!!: Hip and Hip replacement · See more »

Human sexuality

Human sexuality is the way people experience and express themselves sexually.

New!!: Hip and Human sexuality · See more »

Iliac crest

The crest of the ilium (or iliac crest) is the superior border of the wing of ilium and the superolateral margin of the greater pelvis.

New!!: Hip and Iliac crest · See more »

Iliofemoral ligament

The iliofemoral ligament is a ligament of the hip joint which extends from the ilium to the femur in front of the joint.

New!!: Hip and Iliofemoral ligament · See more »


The iliopsoas refers to the joined psoas and the iliacus muscles.

New!!: Hip and Iliopsoas · See more »

Iliotibial tract

The iliotibial tract or iliotibial band (also known as Maissiat's band or IT Band) is a longitudinal fibrous reinforcement of the fascia lata.

New!!: Hip and Iliotibial tract · See more »

Ilium (bone)

The ilium (plural ilia) is the uppermost and largest part of the hip bone, and appears in most vertebrates including mammals and birds, but not bony fish.

New!!: Hip and Ilium (bone) · See more »

Inferior gemellus muscle

The inferior gemellus muscle is a muscle of the human body.

New!!: Hip and Inferior gemellus muscle · See more »

Internal obturator muscle

The internal obturator muscle or obturator internus muscle originates on the medial surface of the obturator membrane, the ischium near the membrane, and the rim of the pubis.

New!!: Hip and Internal obturator muscle · See more »

Ischial tuberosity

The ischial tuberosity (or tuberosity of the ischium, tuber ischiadicum), also known informally as the sit bones, or as a pair the sitting bones is a large swelling posteriorly on the superior ramus of the ischium.

New!!: Hip and Ischial tuberosity · See more »

Ischiofemoral ligament

The ischiocapsular ligament (ischiofemoral ligament, ischiocapsular band; ligament of Bertin) consists of a triangular band of strong fibers on the posterior side of the hip joint.

New!!: Hip and Ischiofemoral ligament · See more »


The ischium forms the lower and back part of the hip bone (os coxae).

New!!: Hip and Ischium · See more »


A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.

New!!: Hip and Joint · See more »

Lateral circumflex femoral artery

The lateral circumflex femoral artery (lateral femoral circumflex artery, external circumflex artery) is an artery in the upper thigh.

New!!: Hip and Lateral circumflex femoral artery · See more »

Ligament of head of femur

In human anatomy, the ligament of the head of the femur (round ligament of the femur, ligamentum teres femoris, or the foveal ligament) is a ligament located in the hip.

New!!: Hip and Ligament of head of femur · See more »

List of flexors of the human body

In anatomy, flexion (from the Latin verb flectere, to bend) is a joint movement that decreases the angle between the bones that converge at the joint.

New!!: Hip and List of flexors of the human body · See more »

Low back pain

Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder involving the muscles, nerves, and bones of the back.

New!!: Hip and Low back pain · See more »

Medial circumflex femoral artery

The medial circumflex femoral artery (internal circumflex artery, medial femoral circumflex artery) is an artery in the upper thigh that helps supply blood to the neck of the femur.

New!!: Hip and Medial circumflex femoral artery · See more »

Obstetrical dilemma

The obstetrical dilemma is a hypothesis to explain why humans often require assistance from other humans during childbirth to avoid complications, whereas most non-human primates give birth alone with relatively little difficulty.

New!!: Hip and Obstetrical dilemma · See more »

Obturator artery

The obturator artery is a branch of the internal iliac artery that passes antero-inferiorly (forwards and downwards) on the lateral wall of the pelvis, to the upper part of the obturator foramen, and, escaping from the pelvic cavity through the obturator canal, it divides into both an anterior and a posterior branch.

New!!: Hip and Obturator artery · See more »


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.

New!!: Hip and Osteoarthritis · See more »


Osteoporosis is a disease where increased bone weakness increases the risk of a broken bone.

New!!: Hip and Osteoporosis · See more »

Pectineus muscle

The pectineus muscle (from the Latin word pecten, meaning comb) is a flat, quadrangular muscle, situated at the anterior (front) part of the upper and medial (inner) aspect of the thigh.

New!!: Hip and Pectineus muscle · See more »

Pelvic tilt

Pelvic tilt is the orientation of the pelvis in respect to the thighbones and the rest of the body.

New!!: Hip and Pelvic tilt · See more »


The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs (sometimes also called pelvic region of the trunk) or the skeleton embedded in it (sometimes also called bony pelvis, or pelvic skeleton).

New!!: Hip and Pelvis · See more »

Piriformis muscle

The piriformis is a muscle in the gluteal region of the lower limb.

New!!: Hip and Piriformis muscle · See more »

Pliny the Elder

Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.

New!!: Hip and Pliny the Elder · See more »

Posterior gluteal line

The posterior gluteal line (superior curved line), the shortest of the three gluteal lines, begins at the iliac crest, about 5 cm in front of its posterior extremity; it is at first distinctly marked, but as it passes downward to the upper part of the greater sciatic notch, where it ends, it becomes less distinct, and is often altogether lost.

New!!: Hip and Posterior gluteal line · See more »


In medicine, a prosthesis (plural: prostheses; from Ancient Greek prosthesis, "addition, application, attachment") is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions.

New!!: Hip and Prosthesis · See more »

Psoas major muscle

The psoas major (from Greek: ψόας - psóās: 'of the loins', genitive singular form of ψόα - psóa 'the loins') is a long fusiform muscle located on the side of the lumbar region of the vertebral column and brim of the lesser pelvis.

New!!: Hip and Psoas major muscle · See more »


Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction.

New!!: Hip and Puberty · See more »

Pubis (bone)

In vertebrates, the pubic bone is the ventral and anterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis.

New!!: Hip and Pubis (bone) · See more »

Pubofemoral ligament

The pubofemoral ligament (pubocapsular ligament) is a ligament on the inferior side of the hip joint.

New!!: Hip and Pubofemoral ligament · See more »

Quadratus femoris muscle

The quadratus femoris is a flat, quadrilateral skeletal muscle.

New!!: Hip and Quadratus femoris muscle · See more »


Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays to view the internal form of an object.

New!!: Hip and Radiography · See more »


Radiopaedia is a wiki-based international collaborative radiology educational web resource containing reference articles, radiology images, and patient cases.

New!!: Hip and Radiopaedia · See more »

Rectus femoris muscle

The rectus femoris muscle is one of the four quadriceps muscles of the human body.

New!!: Hip and Rectus femoris muscle · See more »

Reference range

In health-related fields, a reference range or reference interval is the range of values for a physiologic measurement in healthy persons (for example, the amount of creatinine in the blood, or the partial pressure of oxygen).

New!!: Hip and Reference range · See more »

Rump (animal)

The rump or croup, in the external morphology of an animal, is the portion of the posterior dorsum – that is, posterior to the loins and anterior to the tail.

New!!: Hip and Rump (animal) · See more »

Sacroiliac joint

The sacroiliac joint or SI joint (SIJ) is the joint between the sacrum and the ilium bones of the pelvis, which are connected by strong ligaments.

New!!: Hip and Sacroiliac joint · See more »


The sacrum (or; plural: sacra or sacrums) in human anatomy is a large, triangular bone at the base of the spine, that forms by the fusing of sacral vertebrae S1S5 between 18 and 30years of age.

New!!: Hip and Sacrum · See more »

Sartorius muscle

The sartorius muscle is the longest muscle in the human body.

New!!: Hip and Sartorius muscle · See more »

Semimembranosus muscle

The semimembranosus is the most medial of the three hamstring muscles.

New!!: Hip and Semimembranosus muscle · See more »

Semitendinosus muscle

The semitendinosus is a long superficial muscle in the back of the thigh.

New!!: Hip and Semitendinosus muscle · See more »

Sexual dimorphism

Sexual dimorphism is the condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs.

New!!: Hip and Sexual dimorphism · See more »


The human shoulder is made up of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (upper arm bone) as well as associated muscles, ligaments and tendons.

New!!: Hip and Shoulder · See more »

Snapping hip syndrome

Snapping hip syndrome (also referred to as coxa saltans, iliopsoas tendinitis, or dancer's hip) is a medical condition characterized by a snapping sensation felt when the hip is flexed and extended.

New!!: Hip and Snapping hip syndrome · See more »

Superior gemellus muscle

The superior gemellus muscle is a muscle of the human body.

New!!: Hip and Superior gemellus muscle · See more »

Synovial joint

A synovial joint, also known as diarthrosis, joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule that is continuous with the periosteum of the joined bones, constitutes the outer boundary of a synovial cavity, and surrounds the bones' articulating surfaces.

New!!: Hip and Synovial joint · See more »

Tensor fasciae latae muscle

The tensor fasciae latae (or tensor fasciæ latæ) is a muscle of the thigh.

New!!: Hip and Tensor fasciae latae muscle · See more »

The Bone & Joint Journal

The Bone & Joint Journal, formerly known as The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (British Volume), is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal published by The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

New!!: Hip and The Bone & Joint Journal · See more »

Thieme Medical Publishers

Thieme Medical Publishers is a German medical and science publisher in the Thieme Publishing Group.

New!!: Hip and Thieme Medical Publishers · See more »


A trabecula (plural trabeculae, from Latin for "small beam") is a small, often microscopic, tissue element in the form of a small beam, strut or rod that supports or anchors a framework of parts within a body or organ.

New!!: Hip and Trabecula · See more »

Triradiate cartilage

The triradiate cartilage (in Latin cartilago ypsiloformis) is the 'Y'-shaped epiphyseal plate between the ilium, ischium and pubis to form the acetabulum of the os coxae.

New!!: Hip and Triradiate cartilage · See more »

Trochanteric anastomosis

The trochanteric anastomosis provides circulation around the head of the femur.

New!!: Hip and Trochanteric anastomosis · See more »


Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).

New!!: Hip and Vertebrate · See more »

Waist–hip ratio

The Waist-hip ratio or waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is the dimensionless ratio of the circumference of the waist to that of the hips.

New!!: Hip and Waist–hip ratio · See more »

Zona orbicularis

The zona orbicularis or annular ligament is a ligament on the neck of the femur formed by the circular fibers of the articular capsule of the hip joint.

New!!: Hip and Zona orbicularis · See more »

Redirects here:

Acetabular angle, Acetabulofemoral joint, Articulatio coxae, CCD angle, Coxal, Coxal articulation, False profile, Foveal artery, Hip (anatomy), Hip Joint, Hip joint, Hip ligaments, Hip region, Hip-joint, Hipped, Hips, Sharp's angle.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hip

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »