109 relations: Acetabular labrum, Acetabulum, Adductor brevis muscle, Adductor longus muscle, Adductor magnus muscle, Adductor minimus muscle, Adductor tubercle of femur, Anastomosis, Anatomical terms of location, Anatomical terms of motion, Anatomy, Avascular necrosis, Axial skeleton, Ball and socket joint, Belly dance, Biceps femoris muscle, Birth, Body shape, Bone fracture, Buttocks, Cartilage, Celsus, Coxa valga, Coxa vara, Cruciate anastomosis, Deep artery of the thigh, Degrees of freedom (mechanics), External obturator muscle, Fascia lata, Fashion, Femoral artery, Femoral head, Femoroacetabular impingement, Femur, Femur neck, Fertility, Genu valgum, Genu varum, Gluteal tuberosity, Gluteus maximus, Gluteus medius, Gluteus minimus, Gracilis muscle, Grande Odalisque, Greater sciatic notch, Greater trochanter, Hip bone, Hip dysplasia, Hip examination, Hip fracture, ..., Hip pain, Hip replacement, Human sexuality, Iliac crest, Iliofemoral ligament, Iliopsoas, Iliotibial tract, Ilium (bone), Inferior gemellus muscle, Internal obturator muscle, Ischial tuberosity, Ischiofemoral ligament, Ischium, Joint, Lateral circumflex femoral artery, Ligament of head of femur, List of flexors of the human body, Low back pain, Medial circumflex femoral artery, Obstetrical dilemma, Obturator artery, Osteoarthritis, Osteoporosis, Pectineus muscle, Pelvic tilt, Pelvis, Piriformis muscle, Pliny the Elder, Posterior gluteal line, Prosthesis, Psoas major muscle, Puberty, Pubis (bone), Pubofemoral ligament, Quadratus femoris muscle, Radiography, Radiopaedia, Rectus femoris muscle, Reference range, Rump (animal), Sacroiliac joint, Sacrum, Sartorius muscle, Semimembranosus muscle, Semitendinosus muscle, Sexual dimorphism, Shoulder, Snapping hip syndrome, Superior gemellus muscle, Synovial joint, Tensor fasciae latae muscle, The Bone & Joint Journal, Thieme Medical Publishers, Trabecula, Triradiate cartilage, Trochanteric anastomosis, Vertebrate, Waist–hip ratio, Zona orbicularis. Expand index (59 more) » « Shrink index
The acetabular labrum (glenoidal labrum of the hip joint or cotyloid ligament in older texts) is a ring of cartilage that surrounds the acetabulum of the hip.
The acetabulum (cotyloid cavity) is a concave surface of a pelvis.
The adductor brevis is a muscle in the thigh situated immediately deep to the pectineus and adductor longus.
In the human body, the adductor longus is a skeletal muscle located in the thigh.
The adductor magnus is a large triangular muscle, situated on the medial side of the thigh.
In human anatomy, the adductor minimus (adductor femoris minimus or adductor quartus) is a small and flat skeletal muscle in the thigh which constitutes the upper, lateral part of the adductor magnus muscle.
The adductor tubercle is a tubercle on the Lower extremity of the femur (thigh bone).
An anastomosis (plural anastomoses) is a connection or opening between two things (especially cavities or passages) that are normally diverging or branching, such as between blood vessels, leaf veins, or streams.
Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.
Motion, the process of movement, is described using specific anatomical terms.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
Avascular necrosis (AVN), also called osteonecrosis or bone infarction, is death of bone tissue due to interruption of the blood supply.
The axial skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate.
The ball and socket joint (or spheroid joint) is a type of synovial joint in which the ball-shaped surface of one rounded bone fits into the cup-like depression of another bone.
Belly dance, also referred to as Arabic dance (Raqs sharqi, literally: "oriental dancing"), is an Arabic expressive dance which originated in Egypt and that emphasizes complex movements of the torso.
The biceps femoris is a muscle of the thigh located to the posterior, or back.
Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring.
Human body shape is a complex phenomenon with sophisticated detail and function.
A bone fracture (sometimes abbreviated FRX or Fx, Fx, or #) is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of the bone.
The buttocks (singular: buttock) are two rounded portions of the anatomy, located on the posterior of the pelvic region of primates (including humans), and many other bipeds or quadrupeds, and comprise a layer of fat superimposed on the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius muscles.
Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many other body components.
Celsus (Κέλσος. Kélsos) was a 2nd-century Greek philosopher and opponent of early Christianity.
Coxa valga is a deformity of the hip where the angle formed between the head and neck of the femur and its shaft is increased, usually above 135 degrees.
Coxa vara is a deformity of the hip, whereby the angle between the head and the shaft of the femur is reduced to less than 120 degrees.
The cruciate anastomosis is a circulatory anastomosis in the upper thigh of the inferior gluteal artery, the lateral and medial circumflex femoral arteries, and the first perforating artery of the profunda femoris artery.
The deep artery of the thigh, (profunda femoris artery or deep femoral artery) is a branch of the femoral artery that, as its name suggests, travels more deeply (posteriorly) than the rest of the femoral artery.
In physics, the degree of freedom (DOF) of a mechanical system is the number of independent parameters that define its configuration.
The external obturator muscle, obturator externus muscle (OE) is a flat, triangular muscle, which covers the outer surface of the anterior wall of the pelvis.
The fascia lata is the deep fascia of the thigh.
Fashion is a popular style, especially in clothing, footwear, lifestyle products, accessories, makeup, hairstyle and body.
The femoral artery is a large artery in the thigh and the main arterial supply to the leg.
The femoral head (femur head or head of the femur) is the highest part of the thigh bone (femur).
Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI), or hip impingement syndrome, may affect the hip joint in young and middle-aged adults and occurs when the ball shaped femoral head rubs abnormally or does not permit a normal range of motion in the acetabular socket.
The femur (pl. femurs or femora) or thigh bone, is the most proximal (closest to the hip joint) bone of the leg in tetrapod vertebrates capable of walking or jumping, such as most land mammals, birds, many reptiles including lizards, and amphibians such as frogs.
The femur neck (femoral neck or neck of the femur) is a flattened pyramidal process of bone, connecting the femoral head with the femoral shaft, and forming with the latter a wide angle opening medialward.
Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring.
Genu valgum, commonly called "knock-knee", is a condition in which the knees angle in and touch each other when the legs are straightened.
Genu varum (also called bow-leggedness, bandiness, bandy-leg, and tibia vara), is a varus deformity marked by (outward) bowing at the knee, which means that the lower leg is angled inward (medially) in relation to the thigh's axis, giving the limb overall the appearance of an archer's bow.
The gluteal tuberosity is the lateral ridge of the linea aspera.
The gluteus maximus (also known collectively with the gluteus medius and minimus, as the gluteal muscles, and sometimes referred to informally as the "glutes") is the main extensor muscle of the hip.
The gluteus medius one of the three gluteal muscles, is a broad, thick, radiating muscle, situated on the outer surface of the pelvis.
The gluteus minimus (or glutæus minimus), the smallest of the three gluteal muscles, is situated immediately beneath the gluteus medius.
The gracilis muscle (Latin for "slender") is the most superficial muscle on the medial side of the thigh.
Grande Odalisque, also known as Une Odalisque or La Grande Odalisque, is an oil painting of 1814 by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres depicting an odalisque, or concubine.
The greater sciatic notch is a notch in the ilium, one of the bones that make up the human pelvis.
The greater trochanter (great trochanter) of the femur is a large, irregular, quadrilateral eminence and a part of the skeletal system.
The hip bone (os coxa, innominate bone, pelvic bone or coxal bone) is a large flat bone, constricted in the center and expanded above and below.
Hip dysplasia is an abnormality of the hip joint where the socket portion does not fully cover the ball portion, resulting in an increased risk for joint dislocation.
In medicine, physiotherapy, chiropractic, and osteopathy the hip examination, or hip exam, is undertaken when a patient has a complaint of hip pain and/or signs and/or symptoms suggestive of hip joint pathology.
A hip fracture is a break that occurs in the upper part of the femur (thigh bone).
Pain in the hip is the experience of pain in the muscles or joints in the hip/ pelvic region, a condition commonly arising from any of a number of factors.
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant, that is, a hip prosthesis.
Human sexuality is the way people experience and express themselves sexually.
The crest of the ilium (or iliac crest) is the superior border of the wing of ilium and the superolateral margin of the greater pelvis.
The iliofemoral ligament is a ligament of the hip joint which extends from the ilium to the femur in front of the joint.
The iliopsoas refers to the joined psoas and the iliacus muscles.
The iliotibial tract or iliotibial band (also known as Maissiat's band or IT Band) is a longitudinal fibrous reinforcement of the fascia lata.
The ilium (plural ilia) is the uppermost and largest part of the hip bone, and appears in most vertebrates including mammals and birds, but not bony fish.
The inferior gemellus muscle is a muscle of the human body.
The internal obturator muscle or obturator internus muscle originates on the medial surface of the obturator membrane, the ischium near the membrane, and the rim of the pubis.
The ischial tuberosity (or tuberosity of the ischium, tuber ischiadicum), also known informally as the sit bones, or as a pair the sitting bones is a large swelling posteriorly on the superior ramus of the ischium.
The ischiocapsular ligament (ischiofemoral ligament, ischiocapsular band; ligament of Bertin) consists of a triangular band of strong fibers on the posterior side of the hip joint.
The ischium forms the lower and back part of the hip bone (os coxae).
A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.
The lateral circumflex femoral artery (lateral femoral circumflex artery, external circumflex artery) is an artery in the upper thigh.
In human anatomy, the ligament of the head of the femur (round ligament of the femur, ligamentum teres femoris, or the foveal ligament) is a ligament located in the hip.
In anatomy, flexion (from the Latin verb flectere, to bend) is a joint movement that decreases the angle between the bones that converge at the joint.
Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder involving the muscles, nerves, and bones of the back.
The medial circumflex femoral artery (internal circumflex artery, medial femoral circumflex artery) is an artery in the upper thigh that helps supply blood to the neck of the femur.
The obstetrical dilemma is a hypothesis to explain why humans often require assistance from other humans during childbirth to avoid complications, whereas most non-human primates give birth alone with relatively little difficulty.
The obturator artery is a branch of the internal iliac artery that passes antero-inferiorly (forwards and downwards) on the lateral wall of the pelvis, to the upper part of the obturator foramen, and, escaping from the pelvic cavity through the obturator canal, it divides into both an anterior and a posterior branch.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.
Osteoporosis is a disease where increased bone weakness increases the risk of a broken bone.
The pectineus muscle (from the Latin word pecten, meaning comb) is a flat, quadrangular muscle, situated at the anterior (front) part of the upper and medial (inner) aspect of the thigh.
Pelvic tilt is the orientation of the pelvis in respect to the thighbones and the rest of the body.
The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs (sometimes also called pelvic region of the trunk) or the skeleton embedded in it (sometimes also called bony pelvis, or pelvic skeleton).
The piriformis is a muscle in the gluteal region of the lower limb.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
The posterior gluteal line (superior curved line), the shortest of the three gluteal lines, begins at the iliac crest, about 5 cm in front of its posterior extremity; it is at first distinctly marked, but as it passes downward to the upper part of the greater sciatic notch, where it ends, it becomes less distinct, and is often altogether lost.
In medicine, a prosthesis (plural: prostheses; from Ancient Greek prosthesis, "addition, application, attachment") is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions.
The psoas major (from Greek: ψόας - psóās: 'of the loins', genitive singular form of ψόα - psóa 'the loins') is a long fusiform muscle located on the side of the lumbar region of the vertebral column and brim of the lesser pelvis.
Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction.
In vertebrates, the pubic bone is the ventral and anterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis.
The pubofemoral ligament (pubocapsular ligament) is a ligament on the inferior side of the hip joint.
The quadratus femoris is a flat, quadrilateral skeletal muscle.
Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays to view the internal form of an object.
Radiopaedia is a wiki-based international collaborative radiology educational web resource containing reference articles, radiology images, and patient cases.
The rectus femoris muscle is one of the four quadriceps muscles of the human body.
In health-related fields, a reference range or reference interval is the range of values for a physiologic measurement in healthy persons (for example, the amount of creatinine in the blood, or the partial pressure of oxygen).
The rump or croup, in the external morphology of an animal, is the portion of the posterior dorsum – that is, posterior to the loins and anterior to the tail.
The sacroiliac joint or SI joint (SIJ) is the joint between the sacrum and the ilium bones of the pelvis, which are connected by strong ligaments.
The sacrum (or; plural: sacra or sacrums) in human anatomy is a large, triangular bone at the base of the spine, that forms by the fusing of sacral vertebrae S1S5 between 18 and 30years of age.
The sartorius muscle is the longest muscle in the human body.
The semimembranosus is the most medial of the three hamstring muscles.
The semitendinosus is a long superficial muscle in the back of the thigh.
Sexual dimorphism is the condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs.
The human shoulder is made up of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (upper arm bone) as well as associated muscles, ligaments and tendons.
Snapping hip syndrome (also referred to as coxa saltans, iliopsoas tendinitis, or dancer's hip) is a medical condition characterized by a snapping sensation felt when the hip is flexed and extended.
The superior gemellus muscle is a muscle of the human body.
A synovial joint, also known as diarthrosis, joins bones with a fibrous joint capsule that is continuous with the periosteum of the joined bones, constitutes the outer boundary of a synovial cavity, and surrounds the bones' articulating surfaces.
The tensor fasciae latae (or tensor fasciæ latæ) is a muscle of the thigh.
The Bone & Joint Journal, formerly known as The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (British Volume), is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal published by The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.
Thieme Medical Publishers is a German medical and science publisher in the Thieme Publishing Group.
A trabecula (plural trabeculae, from Latin for "small beam") is a small, often microscopic, tissue element in the form of a small beam, strut or rod that supports or anchors a framework of parts within a body or organ.
The triradiate cartilage (in Latin cartilago ypsiloformis) is the 'Y'-shaped epiphyseal plate between the ilium, ischium and pubis to form the acetabulum of the os coxae.
The trochanteric anastomosis provides circulation around the head of the femur.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
The Waist-hip ratio or waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is the dimensionless ratio of the circumference of the waist to that of the hips.
The zona orbicularis or annular ligament is a ligament on the neck of the femur formed by the circular fibers of the articular capsule of the hip joint.
Acetabular angle, Acetabulofemoral joint, Articulatio coxae, CCD angle, Coxal, Coxal articulation, False profile, Foveal artery, Hip (anatomy), Hip Joint, Hip joint, Hip ligaments, Hip region, Hip-joint, Hipped, Hips, Sharp's angle.