146 relations: Acute (medicine), Ahnentafel, Alberto Jori, Alexander the Great, Alexandria, Anagni, Anatomy, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek medicine, Aristotle, Artemis, Asclepeion, Asclepiad (title), Asclepius, Boston, Brill Publishers, Cardiothoracic surgery, Carnegie Mellon School of Computer Science, Cauterization, Chronic condition, Classical Greece, Convalescence, Cornell University Press, Cross, Cyanotic heart defect, Democritus, Diet (nutrition), Dislocation, Draco (physician), Dragon, Empyema, Encyclopædia Britannica, Endemic (epidemiology), Endoscopy, Epidemic, Episcopal Academy, Ethics, Exercise, Falstaff, Fielding Hudson Garrison, Fifth-century Athens, Francis Adams (translator), French people, Galen, Gorgias, Greeks, Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, Harvard University Press, Hemorrhoid, Henri Huchard, ..., Henry V (play), Heracles, Heraclides (physician), Herodicus, Hippocras, Hippocrates (lunar crater), Hippocrates (physicians), Hippocrates Prize for Poetry and Medicine, Hippocratic bench, Hippocratic Corpus, Hippocratic face, Hippocratic Museum, Hippocratic Oath, History of medicine, Humorism, Hydropneumothorax, Imperial College School of Medicine, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Ionic Greek, Jean-Martin Charcot, John Bostock (physician), John Mandeville, John Tzetzes, Jupiter (mythology), Knidos, Kos, Larissa, Latin, Leiden, Lifestyle medicine, Ligature (medicine), Liniment, List of Greek mythological figures, Little, Brown and Company, London, Lung cancer, Medical diagnosis, Medicine, Melusine, Middle Ages, Museum, Nail (anatomy), Nail clubbing, National Institutes of Health, Natural History (Pliny), New York City, New York University, Oath, Operating theater, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Paroxysmal attack, Phaedrus (dialogue), Philadelphia, Philosophy, Physician, Physiology, Plato, Pliny the Elder, Podalirius, Polybus (physician), Proctoscopy, Prognosis, Protagoras (dialogue), Pulmonology, Pus, Pythagoras, Rectum, Relapse, Renaissance, Risus sardonicus, Saunders (imprint), Scalpel, Sea of Marmara, Soranus of Ephesus, Southampton, Speculum (medical), Springfield, Illinois, Suda, Surgery, Taboo, The Hippocrates Project, Thessalus (physician), Thessaly, Theurgy, Thomas Sydenham, Thrace, Traction (orthopedics), United States National Library of Medicine, University of Tennessee at Martin, Uppsala University, Vis medicatrix naturae, Western Publishing, William Heberden, William Osler, William Shakespeare. Expand index (96 more) » « Shrink index
In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset.
An ahnentafel (German for "ancestor table") or ahnenreihe ("ancestor series") is a genealogical numbering system for listing a person's direct ancestors in a fixed sequence of ascent.
Alberto Jori (born 1965), is an Italian Neo-Aristotelian philosopher.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Anagni is an ancient town and comune in the province of Frosinone, Latium, central Italy, in the hills east-southeast of Rome.
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Ancient Greek medicine was a compilation of theories and practices that were constantly expanding through new ideologies and trials.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Artemis (Ἄρτεμις Artemis) was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities.
In ancient Greece and Rome, an asclepeion (Ἀσκληπιεῖον Asklepieion; Ἀσκλαπιεῖον in Doric dialect; Latin aesculapīum) was a healing temple, sacred to the god Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine.
Asclepiad (Greek: Ἀσκληπιάδης, pl.: Ἀσκληπιάδαι) was a title borne by many Ancient Greek medical doctors, notably Hippocrates of Cos.
Asclepius (Ἀσκληπιός, Asklēpiós; Aesculapius) was a hero and god of medicine in ancient Greek religion and mythology.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.
Cardiothoracic surgery (also known as thoracic surgery) is the field of medicine involved in surgical treatment of organs inside the thorax (the chest)—generally treatment of conditions of the heart (heart disease) and lungs (lung disease).
The School of Computer Science (SCS) at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, US is a leading private school for computer science established in 1988.
Cauterization (or cauterisation, or cautery) is a medical practice or technique of burning a part of a body to remove or close off a part of it.
A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.
Classical Greece was a period of around 200 years (5th and 4th centuries BC) in Greek culture.
Convalescence is the gradual recovery of health and strength after illness or injury.
The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.
A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two intersecting lines or bars, usually perpendicular to each other.
Cyanotic heart defect is a group-type of congenital heart defect (CHD) that occurs due to deoxygenated blood bypassing the lungs and entering the systemic circulation or a mixture of oxygenated and unoxygenated blood entering the systemic circulation.
Democritus (Δημόκριτος, Dēmókritos, meaning "chosen of the people") was an Ancient Greek pre-Socratic philosopher primarily remembered today for his formulation of an atomic theory of the universe.
In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism.
In materials science, a dislocation or Taylor's dislocation is a crystallographic defect or irregularity within a crystal structure.
Draco (or Dracon, Δράκον) was the name of several physicians in the family of Hippocrates.
A dragon is a large, serpent-like legendary creature that appears in the folklore of many cultures around the world.
An empyema (from Greek ἐμπύημα, "abscess") is a collection or gathering of pus within a naturally existing anatomical cavity.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek ἐν en "in, within" and δῆμος demos "people") in a population when that infection is constantly maintained at a baseline level in a geographic area without external inputs.
An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.
An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.
The Episcopal Academy, founded in 1785, is a private, co-educational school for grades Pre-K through 12 based in Newtown Square, Pennsylvania.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Sir John Falstaff is a fictional character who is mentioned in four plays by William Shakespeare and appears on stage in three of them.
Colonel Fielding Hudson Garrison, MD (November 5, 1870 – April 18, 1935) was an acclaimed medical historian, bibliographer, and librarian of medicine.
Fifth-century Athens is the Greek city-state of Athens in the time from 480 BC-404 BC.
Francis Adams (1796 – 26 February 1861) was a Scottish medical doctor and translator of Greek medical works.
The French (Français) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France.
Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – /), often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire.
Gorgias (Γοργίας; c. 485 – c. 380 BC) was a Greek sophist, Siceliote, pre-Socratic philosopher and rhetorician who was a native of Leontini in Sicily.
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman is well known for his contribution to Unani medicine.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are vascular structures in the anal canal.
Henri Huchard (4 April 1844 – 1 December 1910) was a French neurologist and cardiologist born in Auxon, Aube.
Henry V is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written near 1599.
Heracles (Ἡρακλῆς, Hēraklês, Glory/Pride of Hēra, "Hera"), born Alcaeus (Ἀλκαῖος, Alkaios) or Alcides (Ἀλκείδης, Alkeidēs), was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of AmphitryonBy his adoptive descent through Amphitryon, Heracles receives the epithet Alcides, as "of the line of Alcaeus", father of Amphitryon.
Heracleides (Ἡρακλείδης) was a physician of ancient Greece who was said to have been the sixteenth in descent from Aesculapius, the son of Hippocrates I, who lived probably in the fifth century BCE.
Herodicus (Ἡρóδιĸος) was a Greek physician of the fifth century BC, and a native of Selymbria.
Hippocras (vīnum Hippocraticum), sometimes spelled hipocras or hypocras, is a drink made from wine mixed with sugar and spices, usually including cinnamon, and possibly heated.
Hippocrates is a lunar impact crater on the far side of the Moon.
Hippocrates (Ἱπποκράτης) was the name of several physicians in the time of Ancient Greece, some of whom were in the same family as the celebrated Hippocrates of Kos (Hippocrates II).
The Hippocrates Prize for Poetry and Medicine was founded in 2009 by Donald Singer and Michael Hulse.
The Hippocratic bench or scamnum was a device invented by Hippocrates (c. 460 BC–380 BC) which used tension to aid in setting bones.
The Hippocratic Corpus (Latin: Corpus Hippocraticum), or Hippocratic Collection, is a collection of around 60 early Ancient Greek medical works strongly associated with the physician Hippocrates and his teachings.
The Hippocratic face (facies Hippocratica) is the change produced in the face by impending death or long illness, excessive evacuations, excessive hunger, and the like.
The Hippocratic Museum is a museum, on the Greek island of Kos.
The Hippocratic Oath is an oath historically taken by physicians.
The history of medicine shows how societies have changed in their approach to illness and disease from ancient times to the present.
Humorism, or humoralism, was a system of medicine detailing the makeup and workings of the human body, adopted by Ancient Greek and Roman physicians and philosophers, positing that an excess or deficiency of any of four distinct bodily fluids in a person—known as humors or humours—directly influences their temperament and health.
Hydropneumothorax is defined as the presence of both air and fluid within the pleural space.
Imperial College School of Medicine (ICSM) is the medical school of Imperial College London in England, and one of the United Hospitals.
The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP) is a scholarly online encyclopedia, dealing with philosophy, philosophical topics, and philosophers.
Ionic Greek was a subdialect of the Attic–Ionic or Eastern dialect group of Ancient Greek (see Greek dialects).
Jean-Martin Charcot (29 November 1825 – 16 August 1893) was a French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology.
John Bostock, Jr. MD FRS (baptised 29 June 1773, died 6 August 1846) was an English physician, scientist and geologist from Liverpool.
Sir John Mandeville is the supposed author of The Travels of Sir John Mandeville, a travel memoir which first circulated between 1357 and 1371.
John Tzetzes (Ἰωάννης Τζέτζης, Ioánnis Tzétzis; c. 1110, Constantinople – 1180, Constantinople) was a Byzantine poet and grammarian who is known to have lived at Constantinople in the 12th century.
Jupiter (from Iūpiter or Iuppiter, *djous “day, sky” + *patēr “father," thus "heavenly father"), also known as Jove gen.
Knidos or Cnidus (Κνίδος) was an ancient Greek city of Caria and part of the Dorian Hexapolis, in south-western Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey.
Kos or Cos (Κως) is a Greek island, part of the Dodecanese island chain in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the Anatolian coast of Turkey.
Larissa (Λάρισα) is the capital and largest city of the Thessaly region, the fourth-most populous in Greece according to the population results of municipal units of 2011 census and capital of the Larissa regional unit.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Leiden (in English and archaic Dutch also Leyden) is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands.
Lifestyle medicine is a branch of medicine dealing with research, prevention and treatment of disorders caused by lifestyle factors such as nutrition, physical inactivity, and chronic stress.
In surgery or medical procedure, a ligature consists of a piece of thread (suture) tied around an anatomical structure, usually a blood vessel or another hollow structure (e.g. urethra) to shut it off.
Liniment (or embrocation), from the Latin linere, to anoint, is a medicated topical preparation for application to the skin.
The following is a list of gods, goddesses and many other divine and semi-divine figures from Ancient Greek mythology and Ancient Greek religion.
Little, Brown and Company is an American publisher founded in 1837 by Charles Coffin Little and his partner, James Brown, and for close to two centuries has published fiction and nonfiction by American authors.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung.
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Melusine or Melusina is a figure of European folklore and mythology (mostly Celtic), a female spirit of fresh water in a sacred spring or river.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.
A nail is a horn-like envelope covering the tips of the fingers and toes in most primates and a few other mammals.
Nail clubbing, also known as digital clubbing, is a deformity of the finger or toe nails associated with a number of diseases, mostly of the heart and lungs.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.
The Natural History (Naturalis Historia) is a book about the whole of the natural world in Latin by Pliny the Elder, a Roman author and naval commander who died in 79 AD.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.
Traditionally an oath (from Anglo-Saxon āð, also called plight) is either a statement of fact or a promise with wording relating to something considered sacred as a sign of verity.
An operating theater (also known as an operating room, operating suite, operation theatre, operation suite or OR) is a facility within a hospital where surgical operations are carried out in a sterile environment.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Paroxysmal attacks or paroxysms (from Greek παροξυσμός) are a sudden recurrence or intensification of symptoms, such as a spasm or seizure.
The Phaedrus (Phaidros), written by Plato, is a dialogue between Plato's protagonist, Socrates, and Phaedrus, an interlocutor in several dialogues.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Pliny the Elder (born Gaius Plinius Secundus, AD 23–79) was a Roman author, naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and friend of emperor Vespasian.
In Greek mythology, Podalirius or Podaleirius (Ποδαλείριος) was a son of Asclepius.
Polybus (Πόλυβος; fl. c. 400 BC) was one of the pupils of Hippocrates, and also his son-in-law.
Proctoscopy is a common medical procedure in which an instrument called a proctoscope (also known as a rectoscope, although the latter may be a bit longer) is used to examine the anal cavity, rectum, or sigmoid colon.
Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely or expected development of a disease, including whether the signs and symptoms will improve or worsen (and how quickly) or remain stable over time; expectations of quality of life, such as the ability to carry out daily activities; the potential for complications and associated health issues; and the likelihood of survival (including life expectancy).
Protagoras (Πρωταγόρας) is a dialogue by Plato.
Pulmonology is a medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract.
Pus is an exudate, typically white-yellow, yellow, or yellow-brown, formed at the site of inflammation during bacterial or fungal infection.
Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher and the eponymous founder of the Pythagoreanism movement.
The rectum is the final straight portion of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals, and the gut in others.
In medicine, relapse or recidivism is a recurrence of a past (typically medical) condition.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Risus sardonicus or rictus grin is a highly characteristic, abnormal, sustained spasm of the facial muscles that appears to produce grinning.
Saunders is an academic publisher based in the United States.
A scalpel, or lancet, is a small and extremely sharp bladed instrument used for surgery, anatomical dissection, podiatry and various arts and crafts (called a hobby knife).
The Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi), also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey's Asian and European parts.
Soranus of Ephesus (Σωρανός ὁ Ἑφέσιος; 1st/2nd century AD) was a Greek physician.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
A speculum (Latin for "mirror"; plural specula or speculums) is a medical tool for investigating body orifices, with a form dependent on the orifice for which it is designed.
Springfield is the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County.
The Suda or Souda (Soûda; Suidae Lexicon) is a large 10th-century Byzantine encyclopedia of the ancient Mediterranean world, formerly attributed to an author called Soudas (Σούδας) or Souidas (Σουίδας).
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
In any given society, a taboo is an implicit prohibition or strong discouragement against something (usually against an utterance or behavior) based on a cultural feeling that it is either too repulsive or dangerous, or, perhaps, too sacred for ordinary people.
The Hippocrates Project is a program of the New York University Medical Center which works with modern technologies to "enhance the learning process".
Thessalus, (Θεσσαλός), a physician from ancient Greece, and the son of Hippocrates, the famous physician.
Thessaly (Θεσσαλία, Thessalía; ancient Thessalian: Πετθαλία, Petthalía) is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region of Greece, comprising most of the ancient region of the same name.
Theurgy (from Greek θεουργία, Theourgia) describes the practice of rituals, sometimes seen as magical in nature, performed with the intention of invoking the action or evoking the presence of one or more gods, especially with the goal of achieving henosis (uniting with the divine) and perfecting oneself.
Thomas Sydenham (10 September 1624 – 29 December 1689) was an English physician.
Thrace (Modern Θράκη, Thráki; Тракия, Trakiya; Trakya) is a geographical and historical area in southeast Europe, now split between Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey, which is bounded by the Balkan Mountains to the north, the Aegean Sea to the south and the Black Sea to the east.
In orthopedic medicine, traction refers to the set of mechanisms for straightening broken bones or relieving pressure on the spineBurke, G.L., "" and skeletal system.
The United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), operated by the United States federal government, is the world's largest medical library.
The University of Tennessee at Martin (UT Martin, or UTM), located in Martin, Tennessee, in the United States, is one of the five campuses of the University of Tennessee system.
Uppsala University (Uppsala universitet) is a research university in Uppsala, Sweden, and is the oldest university in Sweden and all of the Nordic countries still in operation, founded in 1477.
Vis medicatrix naturae (literally "the healing power of nature", and also known as natura medica) is the Latin rendering of the Greek Νόσων φύσεις ἰητροί ("Nature is the physician(s) of diseases"), a phrase attributed to Hippocrates.
Western Publishing, also known as Western Printing and Lithographing Company, was a Racine, Wisconsin, firm responsible for publishing the Little Golden Books.
William Heberden (13 August 1710 – 17 May 1801) was an English physician.
Sir William Osler, 1st Baronet, (July 12, 1849 – December 29, 1919) was a Canadian physician and one of the four founding professors of Johns Hopkins Hospital.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Father of western medicine, Hipocrates, Hipocretes, Hippo Crates, Hippocrates of Cos, Hippocrates of Kos, Hippocratic, Hippocratic school of medicine, Hippokrates, Hippokrates of Kos, Hypocrates, Hypocretes, Natura sanat, medicus curat, The father of medicine, Ἱπποκράτης.