252 relations: Alí Primera, Alma mater, Anti-imperialism, Anti-tank grenade, Archimedes Patti, Archives Nationales d'Outre-mer, Atlantic Charter, August Revolution, Auguste Escoffier, Autonomism (political doctrine), Ba Đình Square, Baker, Bangkok, Battle of Dien Bien Phu, Bảo Đại, Bernard B. Fall, Blue plaque, Bolsheviks, Boston, Brooklyn, Brussels, C-SPAN, Cambodia, Cambridge University Press, Caning, Carlos Puebla, Carlton Hotel, London, Celibacy, Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Central Intelligence Agency, Chữ Nôm, Chiang Kai-shek, Chile, Chu Lai, Civil and political rights, Classical Chinese, Cold War History (journal), Communism, Communist International, Communist Party of China, Communist Party of Vietnam, Communist University of the Toilers of the East, Confucianism, Cornell University Press, Crimea, Crouch End, Cult of personality, Czech language, Da Lat, Da Nang, ..., David Ben-Gurion, David Halberstam, Denis Warner, Diabetes mellitus, Dmitry Manuilsky, Douglas Gracey, Ealing, Edward Lansdale, Empire of Vietnam, English language, Ewan MacColl, Fall of Saigon, Far Eastern Economic Review, Félix Pita Rodríguez, Fire in the Lake, First Indochina War, Fishing, Fontainebleau Agreements, Frances FitzGerald (journalist), Franglais, French Army, French Communist Party, French Indochina, French Indochinese piastre, French language, French Section of the Workers' International, French Third Republic, French Union, General Motors, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Geomancy, Georges Clemenceau, Government of the Republic of China, Government of Vietnam, Great Purge, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Harlem, Harry S. Truman, Haymarket, London, Henry Kissinger, High Commission of New Zealand, London, High commissioner, History of writing in Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh, Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Ho Chi Minh Museum, Ho Chi Minh trail, Hoang Van Chi, Hoàng Thị Loan, Hornsey, House arrest, Huế, Imperial examination, International Control Commission, Jean Étienne Valluy, Jean Lacouture, Joseph Stalin, Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-il, Kim Liên, Kim Liên Museum, Kite, Korean language, Korean nationalism, Kurt Demmler, Land mine, Land reform in Vietnam, Language interpretation, Laos, Lê Duẩn, Lenin's Mausoleum, List of anti-war songs, List of Presidents of Vietnam, List of Prime Ministers of Vietnam, List of socialist states, London, Lu Han (general), Machete, Mao Zedong, Marcel Cachin, Marseille, Mikhail Borodin, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Vietnam), Molotov cocktail, Moscow, Musket, National Assembly (Vietnam), Nationalist Party of Greater Vietnam, New York City, Ngô Đình Khả, Nghệ An Province, Ngo Dinh Diem, Nguyễn dynasty, Nguyễn Hải Thần, Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm, Nguyễn Sinh Sắc, Nhất Linh, Nhân Dân, North Vietnam, North Vietnamese invasion of Laos, Office of Strategic Services, Omni Parker House, One-party state, Operation Lea, Operation Rolling Thunder, Palace of Versailles, Paris, Paris Peace Conference, 1919, Pastry chef, Pathet Lao, Pavel Antokolsky, People's Army of Vietnam, Pete Seeger, Phan Bội Châu, Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Thiết, Phạm Văn Đồng, Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Political organizations and Armed forces in Vietnam, Polyglotism, President of Vietnam, Presidential Palace Historical Site, Presidential Palace, Hanoi, Prime Minister of Vietnam, Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, Quốc Học – Huế High School for the Gifted, Qui Nhơn, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Raymond Poincaré, Republic of China (1912–1949), Republic of China Army, Republic of China Military Academy, Richard Nixon, Roadblock, Romanian language, Russian language, Saint Petersburg, Scorched earth, Secondary education in France, Self-determination, Shanghai, Shanghai French Concession, Shaped charge, Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary, Socialist Party of France (1902), South Vietnam, Soviet Union, Spanish language, Suicide weapon, Taiwan, Tạ Thu Thâu, Tết, Tố Hữu, Tôn Đức Thắng, Tôn Thất Thiện, Tet Offensive, The Black Book of Communism, The Drayton Court, The Globe and Mail, The Sun News-Pictorial, Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century, Tours Congress, Traditional Chinese medicine, Trần Trọng Kim, Trần Văn Chương, Trường Chinh, Trương Như Tảng, Tuberculosis, Ulyanovsk, UNESCO, United front, Víctor Jara, Võ Nguyên Giáp, Vĩnh Long, Vũ Kỳ, Việt Bắc, Việt Minh, Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng, Vichy France, Viet Cong, Vietnam, Vietnam War, Vietnamese alphabet, Vietnamese đồng, Vietnamese people, Vinh, Vladimir Fere, Vladimir Lenin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Walter Bedell Smith, West Ealing, William J. Duiker, Woodrow Wilson, World War I, World War II, Written Chinese, Zeng Xueming, Zhou Enlai, 1954 Geneva Conference, 1975 Spring Offensive. Expand index (202 more) » « Shrink index
Alí Rafael Primera Rosell (31 October 1942 – 16 February 1985) was a musician, composer, poet, and Venezuelan political activist.
Alma mater (Latin: "nourishing/kind", "mother"; pl.) is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college.
Anti-imperialism in political science and international relations is a term used in a variety of contexts, usually by nationalist movements who want to secede from a larger polity (usually in the form of an empire, but also in a multi-ethnic sovereign state) or as a specific theory opposed to capitalism in Marxist–Leninist discourse, derived from Vladimir Lenin's work Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism.
An anti-tank grenade is a specialized explosive device used to defeat heavily armored targets.
Archimedes Leonidas Attilio Patti (July 21, 1913 – April 23, 1998) was a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army and former Office of Strategic Services officer who headed OSS operations in Kunming and Hanoi in 1945.
The Archives nationales d'outre-mer in Aix-en-Provence is a branch of the Archives Nationales of France that documents the French colonial empire.
The Atlantic Charter was a pivotal policy statement issued during World War II on 14 August 1941, which defined the Allied goals for the post war world.
The August Revolution (Cách mạng tháng Tám), also known as the August General Uprising (Khởi nghĩa tháng Tám), was a revolution launched by Ho Chi Minh's Việt Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam) against French colonial rule in Vietnam, on August 14, 1945.
Georges Auguste Escoffier (28 October 1846 – 12 February 1935) was a French chef, restaurateur and culinary writer who popularized and updated traditional French cooking methods.
Autonomism is a doctrine which supports acquiring or preserving political autonomy of a nation or a region.
Ba Đình Square (Quảng Trường Ba Đình) is the name of a square in Hanoi where president Ho Chi Minh read the Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on September 2, 1945.
A baker is someone who bakes and sometimes sells breads and other products made using an oven or other concentrated heat source.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (Bataille de Diên Biên Phu; Chiến dịch Điện Biên Phủ) was the climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War between the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps and Viet Minh communist-nationalist revolutionaries.
Bảo Đại (lit. "keeper of greatness", 22 October 1913 – 30 July 1997), born Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh Thụy, was the 13th and final emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty, the last ruling family of Vietnam.
Bernard B. Fall (November 19, 1926 – February 21, 1967) was a prominent war correspondent, historian, political scientist, and expert on Indochina during the 1950s and 1960s.
A blue plaque is a permanent sign installed in a public place in the United Kingdom and elsewhere to commemorate a link between that location and a famous person, event, or former building on the site, serving as a historical marker.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a census-estimated 2,648,771 residents in 2017.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
C-SPAN, an acronym for Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network, is an American cable and satellite television network that was created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a public service.
Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Caning is a form of corporal punishment consisting of a number of hits (known as "strokes" or "cuts") with a single cane usually made of rattan, generally applied to the offender's bare or clothed buttocks (see spanking) or hand(s) (on the palm).
Carlos Manuel Puebla (11 September 1917, Manzanillo – 12 July 1989, Havana) was a Cuban singer, guitarist, and composer.
The Carlton Hotel was a luxury hotel that operated from 1899 to 1940.
Celibacy (from Latin, cælibatus") is the state of voluntarily being unmarried, sexually abstinent, or both, usually for religious reasons.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam) established 1930, is the highest authority within the Communist Party of Vietnam elected by the Party National Congresses.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Chữ Nôm (literally "Southern characters"), in earlier times also called quốc âm or chữ nam, is a logographic writing system formerly used to write the Vietnamese language.
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Chu Lai is a seaport, urban and industrial area in Núi Thành District, Quảng Nam Province, Vietnam.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Classical Chinese, also known as Literary Chinese, is the language of the classic literature from the end of the Spring and Autumn period through to the end of the Han Dynasty, a written form of Old Chinese.
Cold War History is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering the history of the Cold War.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
The Communist International (Comintern), known also as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international communist organization that advocated world communism.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) is the founding and ruling communist party of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Communist University of the Toilers of the East (KUTV) (Коммунистический университет трудящихся Востока; also known as the Far East University) was a revolutionary training school for important Communist political leaders.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.
Crimea (Крым, Крим, Krym; Krym; translit;; translit) is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.
Crouch End is an area of north London, in the London Borough of Haringey north of the Archway, west of Harringay, south of Wood Green and east of Highgate; it lies approximately 5 miles north of the City of London.
A cult of personality arises when a country's regime – or, more rarely, an individual politician – uses the techniques of mass media, propaganda, the big lie, spectacle, the arts, patriotism, and government-organized demonstrations and rallies to create an idealized, heroic, and worshipful image of a leader, often through unquestioning flattery and praise.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
Đà Lạt, or Dalat (pop. 406,105, of which 350,509 are urban inhabitants), is the capital of Lâm Đồng Province in Vietnam.
Da Nang (Đà Nẵng) is the fourth largest city in Vietnam after Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Hanoi and Haiphong in terms of urbanization and economy.
David Ben-Gurion (דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן;, born David Grün; 16 October 1886 – 1 December 1973) was the primary national founder of the State of Israel and the first Prime Minister of Israel.
David Halberstam (April 10, 1934April 23, 2007) was an American journalist and historian, known for his work on the Vietnam War, politics, history, the Civil Rights Movement, business, media, American culture, and later, sports journalism.
Denis Ashton Warner OBE CMG (12 December 1917 – 12 July 2012) was an Australian journalist, war correspondent and historian.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Dmitriy Manuilsky, or Dmytro Zakharovych Manuilsky (3 October 1883 in Sviatets near Kremenets – 22 February 1959 in Kiev) was an important Bolshevik, who was a Secretary of Comintern, the Communist International from December 1926 to its dissolution in May 1943.
General Sir Douglas David Gracey & Bar (3 September 1894 – 5 June 1964) was a British Indian Army officer who fought in both the First and Second World Wars.
Ealing is a district of west London, England, located west of Charing Cross.
Edward Geary Lansdale (February 6, 1908 – February 23, 1987) was a United States Air Force officer who served in the Office of Strategic Services and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The Empire of Vietnam (Đế quốc Việt Nam; Hán tự: 越南帝國; ベトナム帝国) was a short-lived puppet state of Imperial Japan governing the whole of Vietnam between March 11 and August 23, 1945.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
James Henry Miller (25 January 1915 – 22 October 1989), better known by his stage name Ewan MacColl, was an English folk singer, songwriter, communist, labour activist, actor, poet, playwright and record producer born in Lancashire to Scottish parents.
The Fall of Saigon, or the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as the Việt Cộng) on 30 April 1975.
The Far Eastern Economic Review (also referred to as FEER or The Review) was an English language Asian news magazine started in 1946.
Félix Pita Rodriguez (1909-1990) was a Cuban journalist, poet and literary critic.
Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam (1972) is a book by American journalist Frances FitzGerald (1940-) about Vietnam, its history and national character, and the United States warfare there.
The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on 19 December 1946, and lasted until 20 July 1954.
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.
The Fontainebleau Agreements was a proposed arrangement between the France and the Vietminh, made in 1946 before the outbreak of the First Indochina War.
Frances FitzGerald (born October 21, 1940) is an American journalist and historian, who is primarily known for Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam (1972), an account of the Vietnam War.
Franglais (also Frenglish) is a French portmanteau word referring initially to the pretentious overuse of English words by Francophones, and subsequently to the macaronic mixture of the French (français) and English (anglais) languages.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
The French Communist Party (Parti communiste français, PCF) is a communist party in France.
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
The piastre de commerce was the currency of French Indochina between 1885 and 1952.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The French Section of the Workers' International (Section Française de l'Internationale Ouvrière, SFIO) was a French socialist political party founded in 1905 and replaced in 1969 by the current Socialist Party (PS).
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
The French Union was a political entity created by the French Fourth Republic to replace the old French colonial system, colloquially known as the "French Empire" (Empire Français).
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam (Tổng Bí thư Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam), known as First Secretary (Bí thư Thứ nhất) from 1951 to 1976, is the highest office within the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Geomancy (Greek: γεωμαντεία, "earth divination") is a method of divination that interprets markings on the ground or the patterns formed by tossed handfuls of soil, rocks, or sand.
Georges Benjamin Clemenceau (28 September 1841 – 24 November 1929) was a French politician, physician, and journalist who was Prime Minister of France during the First World War.
The Government of the Republic of China was formally established in 1912 in Nanking, with Sun Yat-sen as President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of China under the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China.
The Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the executive arm of the Vietnamese state, and the members of the Government are elected by the National Assembly of Vietnam.
The Great Purge or the Great Terror (Большо́й терро́р) was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.
Harlem is a large neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Haymarket is a street in the St. James's area of the City of Westminster, London.
Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger, May 27, 1923) is an American statesman, political scientist, diplomat and geopolitical consultant who served as the United States Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
The High Commission of New Zealand (Māori: Te Kāinga Māngai Kāwanatanga o Aotearoa i Rānana) in London is the diplomatic mission of New Zealand in the United Kingdom.
High commissioner is the title of various high-ranking, special executive positions held by a commission of appointment.
Until the beginning of the 20th century, government and scholarly documents in Vietnam were written in classical Chinese (Vietnamese: cổ văn 古文 or văn ngôn 文言), using Chinese characters with Vietnamese approximation of Middle Chinese pronunciations.
Hồ Chí Minh (Chữ nôm: 胡志明; 19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969), born Nguyễn Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum (Lăng Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh) is the final resting place of Vietnamese Revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, Vietnam.
The Ho Chi Minh Museum is located in Hanoi, Vietnam.
The Hồ Chí Minh trail (also known in Vietnam as the "Trường Sơn trail") was a logistical system that ran from the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) to the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) through the kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia.
Hoàng Văn Chí (1 October 1913 in Thanh Hóa, Vietnam, French Indochina – 6 July 1988 in Bowie, Maryland, United States) was one of the first Vietnamese political writers, a prominent intellectual who was an opponent of colonialism and later of communism in Vietnam.
Hoàng Thị Loan (1868–1901) was the mother of Nguyen Sinh Cung, later known as Ho Chi Minh, former President of North Vietnam.
Hornsey is a district of north London, England in the London Borough of Haringey.
In justice and law, house arrest (also called home confinement, home detention, or, in modern times, electronic monitoring) is a measure by which a person is confined by the authorities to a residence.
Huế (is a city in central Vietnam that was the seat of Nguyễn Dynasty emperors from 1802 to 1945, and capital of the protectorate of Annam. A major attraction is its vast, 19th-century citadel, surrounded by a moat and thick stone walls. It encompasses the Imperial City, with palaces and shrines; the Forbidden Purple City, once the emperor's home; and a replica of the Royal Theater. The city was also the battleground for the Battle of Huế, which was one of the longest and bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War.
The Chinese imperial examinations were a civil service examination system in Imperial China to select candidates for the state bureaucracy.
The International Control Commission (ICC) was an international force established in 1954.
Jean Etienne Valluy (15 May 1899 – 4 January 1970) was a French general.
Jean Lacouture (9 June 1921 – 16 July 2015) was a journalist, historian and author.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Kim Il-sung (or Kim Il Sung) (born Kim Sŏng-ju; 15 April 1912 – 8 July 1994) was the first leader of North Korea, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.
Kim Jong-il (or Kim Jong Il) (16 February 1941 – 17 December 2011) was the second Supreme Leader of North Korea, from the death of his father Kim Il-sung, the first Supreme Leader of North Korea, in 1994 until his own death in 2011.
Kim Liên is a large village and commune in the Nam Đàn District of Nghệ An Province in Vietnam.
The Kim Liên Museum is a museum that was the childhood home of Ho Chi Minh in Làng Sen, Kim Liên village, Nam Đàn district, Nghệ An Province, Vietnam.
A kite is a tethered heavier-than-air craft with wing surfaces that react against the air to create lift and drag.
The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.
Korean nationalism refers to nationalism among the Korean people.
Kurt Demmler, born Kurt Abramowitz (12 September 1943 Posen – 3 February 2009 Berlin) was a German songwriter.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
Land reform in Vietnam began in the political turmoil following World War II in which a civil war pitted the communist Viet Minh against the French colonists and their supporters.
Interpretation or interpreting is a translational activity in which one produces a first and final translation on the basis of a one-time exposure to an utterance in a source language.
Laos (ລາວ,, Lāo; Laos), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand to the west and southwest.
Lê Duẩn (7 April 1907 – 10 July 1986) was a Vietnamese communist politician.
Lenin's Mausoleum (formerly Lenin's & Stalin's Mausoleum (1953-1961)) (p), also known as Lenin's Tomb, situated in Red Square in the centre of Moscow, is a mausoleum that currently serves as the resting place of Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin.
Some anti-war songs lament some aspects of war, while others satirize war.
The President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Chủ tịch nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), known as Chairman of the Council of State (Vietnamese: Chủ tịch Hội đồng Nhà nước) from 1981 to 1992, is the head of state of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Thủ tướng Chính phủ nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), known as Chairman of the Council of Ministers (Vietnamese: Chủ tịch Hội đồng Bộ trưởng) from 1981 to 1992, is the highest office within the Central Government.
The following is a list of self-declared Socialist states—that is to say, past and present states that have declared themselves Socialist or in the process of building socialism.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Lu Han (1895–1974) was a KMT general of Yi ethnicity.
A machete is a broad blade used either as an implement like an axe, or in combat like a short sword.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Marcel Cachin (20 September 1869 – 12 February 1958) was a French politician.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
Mikhail Markovich Borodin (Михаи́л Ма́ркович Бороди́н; July 9, 1884 – May 29, 1951) was the alias of Mikhail Gruzenberg, a prominent Comintern agent, associate of Lenin and Chinese Government advisor to its leader Mao Zedong.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the central government institution charged with leading the foreign affairs of Vietnam.
A Molotov cocktail, also known as a petrol bomb, bottle bomb, poor man's grenade, Molotovin koktaili (Finnish), polttopullo (Finnish), fire bomb (not to be confused with an actual fire bomb) or just Molotov, commonly shortened as Molly, is a generic name used for a variety of bottle-based improvised incendiary weapons.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smoothbore long gun that appeared in early 16th century Europe, at first as a heavier variant of the arquebus, capable of penetrating heavy armor.
The National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Quốc hội nước Cộng hoà xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam) is Vietnam's legislative body.
The Nationalist Party of Greater Vietnam (in Vietnamese, Đại Việt Quốc dân đảng), often known simply as Đại Việt or DVQDD, was a nationalist and anti-communist political party and militant organisation that was active in Vietnam in the 20th century.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Ngô Đình Khả (1850-1925) was the father of South Vietnam's first President, Ngô Đình Diệm (1901–63), and of Archbishop Pierre Martin Ngô Đình Thục (1897–1984).
Nghệ An is a province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam.
Ngô Đình Diệm (3 January 1901 – 2 November 1963) was a South Vietnamese politician.
The Nguyễn dynasty or House of Nguyễn (Nhà Nguyễn; Hán-Nôm:, Nguyễn triều) was the last ruling family of Vietnam.
Nguyễn Hải Thần (born Nguyễn Văn Thắng in Dai Tu village, Thường Tín District, Hà Đông Province, circa 1878; died 1959; also known as Vũ Hải Thu) was a leader of the Việt Nam Cách Mạng Đồng Minh Hội and a political leader during the Vietnamese Revolution.
Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm (1888–1950), renamed Nguyễn Tất Đạt in accordance with Confucian tradition, was the brother of President Hồ Chí Minh of Việt Nam and also the brother of Nguyễn Thị Thanh.
Nguyễn Sinh Sắc (chữ Hán: 阮生色, Kim Liên village in Nam Đàn District of Nghệ An, 1862–1929) was the father of Ho Chi Minh.
Nguyễn Tường Tam (chữ Hán: 阮祥三; Cẩm Giàng, Hải Dương 25 July 1906 – Saigon, 7 July 1963) better known by his pen-name Nhất Linh (一靈, "One Spirit") was a Vietnamese writer, editor and publisher in colonial Hanoi.
Nhân Dân (Vietnamese for The People) is the official newspaper of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
North Vietnam, officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) (Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), was a country in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1976, although it did not achieve widespread recognition until 1954.
North Vietnam supported the Pathet Lao to fight against the Kingdom of Laos between 1958–1959.
The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was a wartime intelligence agency of the United States during World War II, and a predecessor of the modern Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Built in 1927, the Omni Parker House is a historic hotel in Boston, Massachusetts.
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.
Operation Léa was French Union military operation between 7 October and 8 November 1947 during the First Indochina War.
Operation Rolling Thunder was the title of a gradual and sustained aerial bombardment campaign conducted by the U.S. 2nd Air Division (later Seventh Air Force), U.S. Navy, and Republic of Vietnam Air Force (VNAF) against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) from 2 March 1965 until 2 November 1968, during the Vietnam War.
The Palace of Versailles (Château de Versailles;, or) was the principal residence of the Kings of France from Louis XIV in 1682 until the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Paris Peace Conference, also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the victorious Allied Powers following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers.
A pastry chef or pâtissier (the French female version of the word is pâtissière), is a station chef in a professional kitchen, skilled in the making of pastries, desserts, breads and other baked goods.
The Pathet Lao (Lao: ປະເທດລາວ, "Lao Nation") was a communist political movement and organization in Laos, formed in the mid-20th century.
Pavel Grigoryevich Antokolsky (a; 1 July 1896, St. Petersburg, Russia – 9 October 1978, Moscow, USSR) was a Russian poet and theatre director.
The People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN; Quân Đội Nhân Dân Việt Nam), also known as the Vietnamese People's Army (VPA), is the military force of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Peter Seeger (May 3, 1919 – January 27, 2014) was an American folk singer and social activist.
Phan Bội Châu (26 December 1867 – 29 October 1940) was a pioneer of Vietnamese 20th century nationalism.
Phan Châu Trinh (1872 - 1926), courtesy name Tử Cán (梓幹), pen name Tây Hồ (西湖) or Hi Mã (希馬), was an early 20th-century Vietnamese nationalist.
Phan Thiet is the capital of Bình Thuận province, on the coast in southeastern Vietnam, where all government offices for the province are located.
Phạm Văn Đồng (1 March 1906 – 29 April 2000) was a Vietnamese politician who served as Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1955 to 1976 and, following unification, as Prime Minister of Vietnam from 1976 until he retired in 1987 under the rule of Lê Duẩn and Nguyễn Văn Linh.
The Political Bureau (Politburo) of the Central Committee Communist Party of Vietnam (Bộ Chính trị Ban Chấp hành Trung ương Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam), formerly the Standing Committee of the Central Committee from 1930 to 1951, is the highest body of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) between Central Committee meetings, which are held at least twice a year.
Political organizations and Armed forces in Vietnam, since 1912.
Polyglotism or polyglottism is the ability to master, or the state of having mastered, multiple languages.
The President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Chủ tịch nước Cộng hoà Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam) is, according to the constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the elected head of state of Vietnam, holds the second highest office in Vietnam after General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Presidential Palace Historical Site (Vietnamese: Khu di tích Phủ Chủ tịch), which is located in Hanoi, Vietnam, is the place where Ho Chi Minh lived and worked in most of his revolutionary life (from December 19, 1954, to September 2, 1969).
The Presidential Palace of Vietnam, located in the city of Hanoi, was built between 1900 and 1906 to house the French Governor-General of Indochina.
The Prime Minister of Vietnam (Thủ tướng Việt Nam), officially styled Prime Minister of the Government of the Socialist Republic (Thủ tướng Chính phủ nước Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa), is the head of government of Vietnam who presides over the meetings of the Central Government (formerly the Council of Ministers).
The Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (Tuyên ngôn độc lập Việt Nam Dân chủ Cộng hòa) was written by Hồ Chí Minh, and announced in public at the Ba Đình flower garden (now the Ba Đình Square) on September 2, 1945.
Quốc Học – Huế High School for the Gifted or simply "the Quốc Học of Huế" is a national magnet and gifted high school in Thừa Thiên–Huế, Vietnam.
Quy Nhơn is a coastal city in Bình Định Province in central Vietnam.
Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.
Raymond Nicolas Landry Poincaré (20 August 1860 – 15 October 1934) was a French statesman who served three times as 58th Prime Minister of France, and as President of France from 1913 to 1920.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
The Republic of China Army (ROCA) is the largest branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces.
The Republic of China Military Academy is the military academy for the army of the Republic of China, located in Fengshan District, Kaohsiung.
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
A roadblock is a temporary installation set up to control or block traffic along a road.
Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is an East Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.
In France, secondary education is in two stages.
The right of people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a jus cogens rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter's norms.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
The Shanghai French Concession (Concession française de Changhaï) was a foreign concession in Shanghai, China from 1849 until 1943, which progressively expanded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
A shaped charge is an explosive charge shaped to focus the effect of the explosive's energy.
Sino-Vietnamese vocabulary (Từ Hán Việt, Chữ Nôm:, literally "Sino-Vietnamese words") are words and morphemes of the Vietnamese language borrowed from Chinese.
The Socialist Party of France (Parti socialiste de France) was founded in 1902, during a congress in Commentry, by the merger of the Marxist French Workers' Party led by Jules Guesde and the Blanquist Central Revolutionary Committee of Édouard Vaillant.
South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975 and comprised the southern half of what is now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
A suicide weapon is a weapon or object that is used in a suicide attack, typically based on explosives.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Tạ Thu Thâu (chữ Hán:; May 5, 1906 – September 1945) was a Vietnamese Trotskyist and the leader of the Fourth International in Vietnam.
Tết, or Vietnamese New Year, is the most important celebration in Vietnamese culture.
Tố Hữu (4 October 1920 – 9 December 2002) was Vietnam's most famous revolutionary poet.
Tôn Đức Thắng (August 20, 1888 – March 30, 1980) was the second and last president of North Vietnam and the first president of the reunified Vietnam under the leadership of General Secretary Lê Duẩn.
The Tet Offensive (Sự kiện Tết Mậu Thân 1968), or officially called The General Offensive and Uprising of Tet Mau Than 1968 (Tổng Tiến công và Nổi dậy Tết Mậu Thân 1968) by North Vietnam and the NLF (National Liberation Front), was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam against the forces of the South Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Vietnam, the United States Armed Forces, and their allies.
The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression is a 1997 book by Stéphane Courtois, Nicolas Werth, Andrzej Paczkowski and several other European academics documenting a history of political repressions by Communist states, including genocides, extrajudicial executions, deportations, killing population in labor camps and artificially created famines.
The Drayton Court is a boutique hotel and one of the oldest pubs in Ealing, west London.
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The Sun News-Pictorial, also known as The Sun, was a morning daily tabloid newspaper published in Melbourne, from 1922 until its merger in 1990 with The Herald to form the Herald-Sun.
Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century is a compilation of the 20th century's 100 most influential people, published in Time magazine in 1999.
The Tours Congress was the 18th National Congress of the French Section of the Workers' International, or SFIO, which took place in Tours on 25–30 December 1920.
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.
Trần Trọng Kim (1883 – December 2, 1953), courtesy name Lệ Thần, was a Vietnamese scholar and politician who served as the Prime Minister of the short-lived Empire of Vietnam, a state established with the support of Imperial Japan in 1945.
Trần Văn Chương (2 June 1898 — 24 July 1986) was South Vietnam's ambassador to the United States in the early 1960s and the father of the country's de facto first lady, Madame Nhu (1924-2011).
Trường Chinh (9 February 1907, Xuân Trường District, Nam Định Province – 30 September 1988, Hanoi) was a Vietnamese communist political leader and theoretician.
Trương Như Tảng (born 1923, Cholon, French Indochina) is a Vietnamese lawyer and politician living in France.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Ulyanovsk is a city and the administrative center of Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Volga River east of Moscow.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
A united front is an alliance of groups against their common enemies, figuratively evoking unification of previously separate geographic fronts and/or unification of previously separate armies into a front—the name often refers to a political and/or military struggle carried out by revolutionaries, especially in revolutionary socialism, communism or anarchism.
Víctor Lidio Jara Martínez (28 September 1932 – 16 September 1973) was a Chilean teacher, theater director, poet, singer-songwriter and political activist tortured and killed during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.
Võ Nguyên Giáp (25 August 1911 – 4 October 2013) was a Vietnamese general in the Vietnam People's Army and a politician.
Vĩnh Long is a city and the capital of Vĩnh Long Province in Vietnam's Mekong Delta.
Vũ Kỳ (1921–2005) was the personal secretary to Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh.
Việt Bắc (Northern Vietnam) is a region of Vietnam north of Hanoi that served as the Việt Minh's base of support during the First Indochina War (1946–1954).
Việt Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam độc lập đồng minh, French: "Ligue pour l'indépendance du Viêt Nam", English: “League for the Independence of Vietnam") was a national independence coalition formed at Pác Bó by Hồ Chí Minh on May 19, 1941.
The Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng (越南國民黨; Vietnamese Nationalist Party), abbreviated VNQDĐ or Việt Quốc, was a nationalist and moderate socialist political party that sought independence from French colonial rule in Vietnam during the early 20th century.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
The National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (Mặt trận Dân tộc Giải phóng miền Nam Việt Nam) also known as the Việt Cộng was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
The Vietnamese alphabet (chữ Quốc ngữ; literally "national language script") is the modern writing system for the Vietnamese language.
The đồng (sign: ₫; code: VND) has been the currency of Vietnam since May 3, 1978.
The Vietnamese people or the Kinh people (người Việt or người Kinh), are an ethnic group originating from present-day northern Vietnam.
Vinh is the biggest city and economic and cultural center of central Vietnam.
Vladimir Georgievich Fere (Владимир Георгиевич Фере; in Kamyshin – 2 September 1971 in Moscow) was a Russian composer.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (né Skryabin; 9 March 1890 – 8 November 1986) was a Soviet politician and diplomat, an Old Bolshevik, and a leading figure in the Soviet government from the 1920s, when he rose to power as a protégé of Joseph Stalin.
General Walter Bedell "Beetle" Smith (5 October 1895 – 9 August 1961) was a senior officer of the United States Army who served as General Dwight D. Eisenhower's chief of staff at Allied Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) during the Tunisia Campaign and the Allied invasion of Italy in 1943 during World War II.
West Ealing is a district in the London Borough of Ealing, in west London.
William J. Duiker is a former United States Foreign Service officer and is currently East Asian Professor Emeritus of Liberal Arts at Penn State University.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Written Chinese comprises Chinese characters (汉字/漢字; pinyin: Hànzì, literally "Han characters") used to represent the Chinese language.
Zeng Xueming (1905–1991), known in Vietnamese as Tăng Tuyết Minh, was a Chinese midwife who married Vietnamese leader Hồ Chí Minh.
Zhou Enlai (5 March 1898 – 8 January 1976) was the first Premier of the People's Republic of China, serving from October 1949 until his death in January 1976.
The Geneva Conference was a conference among several nations that took place in Geneva, Switzerland from April 26 – July 20, 1954.
The 1975 Spring Offensive (Chiến dịch Mùa Xuân 1975) or officially known as The General Offensive and Uprising of the Spring 1975 (Tổng Tiến công và Nổi dậy Mùa Xuân 1975) was the final North Vietnamese campaign in the Vietnam War that led to the capitulation of South Vietnam.
Bac Ho, Bác Hò, Bác Hô, Bạch Liên, Chi Minh Ho, Chí Minh Hồ, Father of the Nation of Vietnam, Hi chi minh, Ho Che Min, Ho Chi Min, Ho Chi Minn, Ho Chih Minh, Ho Chih-minh, Ho Chí Minh, Ho Ci Minh, Ho chi mihn, Ho chi min, Ho chi ming, Ho chi minh, Ho, Chi Minh, Ho-Chi Minh, Hochi Min, Hochimin, Hochiminh, Hu Zhiming, Hò Chí Minh, Hô Chi Minh, Hô Chí Minh, Hú Zhìmíng, Húzhìmíng, Hồ Chí Minh, Hồ, Chí Minh, Maison pour Tous, Minh Chí Hồ, Minh Hồ, Nguyen Ai Quoc, Nguyen Ai-Quoc, Nguyen O-Phap, Nguyen O-Pháp, Nguyen Sinh Cung, Nguyen Ta't-Thanh, Nguyen Tat Thanh, Nguyen Tat Thành, Nguyen That Thanh, Nguyen the Patriot, Nguyên Sinh Cung, Nguyễn Sinh Cung, Nguyễn Thị Thanh, Nguyễn Ái Quốc, President Ho, Sinh Cung Nguyễn, That Thanh Nguyen, Tất Thành Nguyễn, Uncle Ho, Ái Quốc Nguyễn, 胡志明, 阮必成, 阮愛國, 阮生恭.