52 relations: Acetylcholine, Acromegaly, Aerodynamics, Algorithm, Allergy, American Speech–Language–Hearing Association, Amplitude, Amyloidosis, Aphonia, Botulinum toxin, Carcinoma, Central nervous system, Common cold, Cyst, Dysphagia, Dysplasia, Fundamental frequency, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Glottis, Hypothyroidism, Infection, Inflammation, Influenza, Laryngitis, Laryngopharyngeal reflux, Laryngoscopy, Larynx, Lee Silverman voice treatment, Lung volumes, Multiple sclerosis, Myasthenia gravis, Neoplasm, Nerve injury, Nervous system, Parkinson's disease, Pathology, Periodic function, Peripheral nervous system, Phonation, Sarcoidosis, Shortness of breath, Spasmodic dysphonia, Stroboscope, Systemic disease, Tissue (biology), Upper respiratory tract infection, Vibration, Videokymography, Vocal fold nodule, Vocal folds, ..., Vocal tract, Voice therapy. Expand index (2 more) » « Shrink index
Acetylcholine (ACh) is an organic chemical that functions in the brain and body of many types of animals, including humans, as a neurotransmitter—a chemical message released by nerve cells to send signals to other cells.
Acromegaly is a disorder that results from excess growth hormone (GH) after the growth plates have closed.
Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment.
The American Speech–Language–Hearing Association (ASHA) is a professional association for speech–language pathologists, audiologists, and speech, language, and hearing scientists in the United States and internationally.
The amplitude of a periodic variable is a measure of its change over a single period (such as time or spatial period).
Amyloidosis is a group of diseases in which abnormal protein, known as amyloid fibrils, builds up in tissue.
Aphonia is defined as the inability to produce voiced sound.
Botulinum toxin (BTX) or Botox is a neurotoxic protein produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum and related species.
Carcinoma is a type of cancer that develops from epithelial cells.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
The common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose.
A cyst is a closed sac, having a distinct membrane and division compared with the nearby tissue.
Dysphagia is the medical term for the symptom of difficulty in swallowing.
Dysplasia (from Ancient Greek δυσ- dys-, "bad" or "difficult" and πλάσις plasis, "formation") is a term used in pathology to refer to an abnormality of development or an epithelial anomaly of growth and differentiation (epithelial dysplasia).
The fundamental frequency, often referred to simply as the fundamental, is defined as the lowest frequency of a periodic waveform.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux, is a long-term condition where stomach contents come back up into the esophagus resulting in either symptoms or complications.
The glottis is defined as the opening between the vocal folds (the rima glottidis).
Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx (voice box).
Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), also known as extraesophageal reflux disease (EERD), silent reflux, and supra-esophageal reflux, is the retrograde flow of gastric contents into the larynx, oropharynx and/or the nasopharynx.
Laryngoscopy is endoscopy of the larynx, a part of the throat.
The larynx, commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the top of the neck of tetrapods involved in breathing, producing sound, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration.
The Lee Silverman Voice Treatment – LOUD (LSVT LOUD) is a treatment for speech disorders associated with Parkinson's disease (PD).
Lung volumes and lung capacities refer to the volume of air associated with different phases of the respiratory cycle.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged.
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a long-term neuromuscular disease that leads to varying degrees of skeletal muscle weakness.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
Nerve injury is injury to nervous tissue.
The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
In mathematics, a periodic function is a function that repeats its values in regular intervals or periods.
The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is one of the two components of the nervous system, the other part is the central nervous system (CNS).
The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics.
Sarcoidosis is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells that form lumps known as granulomas.
Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough.
Spasmodic dysphonia, also known as laryngeal dystonia, is a disorder in which the muscles that generate a person's voice go into periods of spasm.
A stroboscope also known as a strobe, is an instrument used to make a cyclically moving object appear to be slow-moving, or stationary.
A systemic disease is one that affects a number of organs and tissues, or affects the body as a whole.
In biology, tissue is a cellular organizational level between cells and a complete organ.
Upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) are illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract including the nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx.
Vibration is a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point.
Videokymography is a high-speed medical imaging method to visualize the human vocal fold vibration dynamics.
Vocal fold nodules are bilaterally symmetrical benign white masses that form at the midpoint of the vocal folds.
The vocal folds, also known commonly as vocal cords or voice reeds, are composed of twin infoldings of mucous membrane stretched horizontally, from back to front, across the larynx.
The vocal tract is the cavity in human beings and in animals where the sound produced at the sound source (larynx in mammals; syrinx in birds) is filtered.
Voice therapy, also known as voice training or voice coaching, consists of techniques and procedures that target vocal parameters such as pitch, volume, and quality.