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Index Holography

Holography is the science and practice of making holograms. [1]

217 relations: -graphy, Acoustic holography, Amplitude, Arnold Rimmer, Atom optics, Atomic mirror, Augmented reality, Australian Holographics, Autostereoscopy, Beam splitter, Blu-ray, Book, BoPET, Bragg's law, Brazil, Brazilian real, British people, British Thomson-Houston, Burberry, Canadian dollar, Charge-coupled device, Check weigher, Cheoptics360, Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival, Code, Coherence (physics), Coherence length, Color gradient, Command & Conquer: Red Alert 2, Complex number, Computer-generated holography, Concrete masonry unit, Concrete poetry, Cranbrook Educational Community, Credit card, Crypton Future Media, Crysis 2, Currency, Danish krone, Data-rate units, Dennis Gabor, Density, Depth perception, Dieter Jung (artist), Diffraction, Diffraction grating, Diffuse reflection, Digital holographic microscopy, Digital holography, Digital image processing, ..., Digital planar holography, Dispersion (optics), Dr. Dre, Drawing, DVD, DVD recorder, Electricity, Electron holography, Electron microscope, Electrophoretic deposition, Embossing (manufacturing), Emmett Leith, Euro, Exposure (photography), Fast-moving consumer goods, Femtosecond, Force field (fiction), Fourier transform, Frank DeFreitas, Free-electron laser, Fresnel lens, Gorillaz, Greek language, Halo: Reach, Hatsune Miku, Helium–neon laser, Heterojunction, Hobby, Hogel processing unit, Holodeck, Holographic data storage, Holographic interferometry, Holographic principle, Holographic Versatile Disc, Holonomic brain theory, Human brain, Hungarians, Image, Indian rupee, InPhase Technologies, Integral imaging, Intensity (physics), Interference lithography, Interferometric microscopy, Japanese yen, Joule, JP Miller, Juris Upatnieks, Lake Forest College, Laser, Laser diode, Laser pointer, Lawrence Bragg, Lens (optics), Lenticular lens, Lenticular printing, Light, Light field, Lisson Gallery, List of emerging technologies, Lithium niobate, Lloyd Cross, Madrid, Magnetic field, Margaret Benyon, Maxell, Micrometre, Microscopic scale, Microsecond, Mieczysław Wolfke, Mirror, Moysés Baumstein, Musical instrument, Musion Eyeliner, National Geographic, Neutron, Nickel, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nonlinear optics, Numerical aperture, Opacity (optics), Optical computing, Optical microscope, Optical resolution, Optical table, Optics Express, Optware, Parallax, Passport, Pepper's ghost, Perspective (graphical), Phase (waves), Phase-coherent holography, Photograph, Photographic emulsion, Photographic film, Photographic paper, Photographic plate, Photography, Photopolymer, Photorefractive effect, Photoresist, Physical Review Letters, Plane wave, Plasma (physics), Polyester, Polyethylene terephthalate, Pound sterling, Princess Leia, Proceedings of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Quantum well, Rainbow hologram, Real image, Reciprocity (photography), Red Dwarf, Reference beam, Refractive index, Relay, Ridged mirror, Royal Canadian Mint, Rugby, Warwickshire, Salvador Dalí, Sandpit, Science fiction, Semiconductor, Signal beam, Silver halide, Snoop Dogg, Sound recording and reproduction, South Korean won, Spatial light modulator, Speckle pattern, Specular holography, Sports equipment, Star Trek, Star Wars (film), Stereopsis, Stereoscopy, Synchrotron, Terabyte, The Doctor (Star Trek: Voyager), Thermoplastic, Three-dimensional space, Tomography, Transmission electron microscopy, Tung Jeong, Tupac Shakur, University of Michigan, University of Nottingham, Urban legend, Video projector, Vocal folds, Vocaloid, Volume hologram, Volumetric display, Volumetric printing, Wave, Wave interference, Wavefront, Wavelength, Writing, X-ray, Yuri Nikolaevich Denisyuk, Zebra Imaging, Zone plate, 3D computer graphics, 3D optical data storage. Expand index (167 more) »


The English suffix -graphy means either "writing" or a "field of study", and is an anglicization of the French -graphie inherited from the Latin -graphia, which is a transliterated direct borrowing from Greek.

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Acoustic holography

Acoustic holography is a method for estimating the sound field near a source by measuring acoustic parameters away from the source by means of an array of pressure and/or particle velocity transducers.

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The amplitude of a periodic variable is a measure of its change over a single period (such as time or spatial period).

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Arnold Rimmer

Arnold Judas Rimmer is a fictional character in the science fiction situation comedy Red Dwarf, played by Chris Barrie.

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Atom optics

Atom optics (or atomic optics) is the area of physics which deals with beams of cold, slowly moving neutral atoms, as a special case of a particle beam.

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Atomic mirror

In physics, an atomic mirror is a device which reflects neutral atoms in the similar way as a conventional mirror reflects visible light.

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Augmented reality

Augmented Reality (AR) is an interactive experience of a real-world environment whose elements are "augmented" by computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, auditory, haptic, somatosensory, and olfactory.

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Australian Holographics

Australian Holographics was started with the specific objective to produce high quality large format holograms.

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Autostereoscopy is any method of displaying stereoscopic images (adding binocular perception of 3D depth) without the use of special headgear or glasses on the part of the viewer.

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Beam splitter

A beam splitter is an optical device that splits a beam of light in two.

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Blu-ray or Blu-ray Disc (BD) is a digital optical disc data storage format.

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A book is a series of pages assembled for easy portability and reading, as well as the composition contained in it.

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BoPET (biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate) is a polyester film made from stretched polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and is used for its high tensile strength, chemical and dimensional stability, transparency, reflectivity, gas and aroma barrier properties, and electrical insulation.

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Bragg's law

In physics, Bragg's law, or Wulff–Bragg's condition, a special case of Laue diffraction, gives the angles for coherent and incoherent scattering from a crystal lattice.

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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Brazilian real

The Brazilian real (real, pl. reais; sign: R$; code: BRL) is the official currency of Brazil.

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British people

The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies.

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British Thomson-Houston

British Thomson-Houston (BTH) was a British engineering and heavy industrial company, based at Rugby, Warwickshire, England and founded as a subsidiary of the General Electric Company (GE) of Schenectady, New York, USA.

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Burberry Group PLC is a British luxury fashion house headquartered in London, England.

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Canadian dollar

The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada.

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Charge-coupled device

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.

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Check weigher

A checkweigher is an automatic or manual machine for checking the weight of packaged commodities.

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Cheoptics360 is a holographic projector.

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Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival

The Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival (commonly referred to as Coachella or the Coachella Festival) is an annual music and arts festival held at the Empire Polo Club in Indio, California, located in the Inland Empire's Coachella Valley in the Colorado Desert.

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In communications and information processing, code is a system of rules to convert information—such as a letter, word, sound, image, or gesture—into another form or representation, sometimes shortened or secret, for communication through a communication channel or storage in a storage medium.

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Coherence (physics)

In physics, two wave sources are perfectly coherent if they have a constant phase difference and the same frequency, and the same waveform.

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Coherence length

In physics, coherence length is the propagation distance over which a coherent wave (e.g. an electromagnetic wave) maintains a specified degree of coherence.

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Color gradient

In computer graphics, a color gradient (sometimes called a color ramp or color progression) specifies a range of position-dependent colors, usually used to fill a region.

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Command & Conquer: Red Alert 2

Command & Conquer: Red Alert 2 is a real-time strategy video game by Westwood Pacific, which was released for Microsoft Windows on October 23, 2000 as the follow-up to Command & Conquer: Red Alert.

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Complex number

A complex number is a number that can be expressed in the form, where and are real numbers, and is a solution of the equation.

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Computer-generated holography

Computer-generated holography (CGH) is the method of digitally generating holographic interference patterns.

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Concrete masonry unit

A concrete masonry unit (CMU) is a standard size rectangular block used in building construction.

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Concrete poetry

Concrete, pattern, or shape poetry is an arrangement of linguistic elements in which the typographical effect is more important in conveying meaning than verbal significance.

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Cranbrook Educational Community

The Cranbrook Educational Community, an education, research and public museum complex in the US state of Michigan.

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Credit card

A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus the other agreed charges.

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Crypton Future Media

, or Crypton, is a Japanese media company based in Sapporo, Japan.

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Crysis 2

Crysis 2 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Crytek, published by Electronic Arts and released in North America, Australia and Europe in March 2011 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, and Xbox 360.

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A currency (from curraunt, "in circulation", from currens, -entis), in the most specific use of the word, refers to money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins.

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Danish krone

The krone (plural: kroner; sign: kr.; code: DKK) is the official currency of Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, introduced on 1 January 1875.

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Data-rate units

In telecommunications, data-transfer rate is the average number of bits (bitrate), characters or symbols (baudrate), or data blocks per unit time passing through a communication link in a data-transmission system.

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Dennis Gabor

Dennis Gabor (Gábor Dénes; 5 June 1900 – 9 February 1979) was a Hungarian-British electrical engineer and physicist, most notable for inventing holography, for which he later received the 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics.

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The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.

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Depth perception

Depth perception is the visual ability to perceive the world in three dimensions (3D) and the distance of an object.

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Dieter Jung (artist)

Dieter Jung (born October 9, 1941 in Bad Wildungen, Hessia) is a German artist working in the field of holography, painting and installation art.

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--> Diffraction refers to various phenomena that occur when a wave encounters an obstacle or a slit.

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Diffraction grating

In optics, a diffraction grating is an optical component with a periodic structure that splits and diffracts light into several beams travelling in different directions.

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Diffuse reflection

Diffuse reflection is the reflection of light or other waves or particles from a surface such that a ray incident on the surface is scattered at many angles rather than at just one angle as in the case of specular reflection.

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Digital holographic microscopy

Digital holographic microscopy (DHM) is digital holography applied to microscopy.

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Digital holography

Digital holography refers to the acquisition and processing of holograms with a digital sensor array, typically a CCD camera or a similar device.

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Digital image processing

In computer science, Digital image processing is the use of computer algorithms to perform image processing on digital images.

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Digital planar holography

Digital Planar Holography (DPH) is a method for designing and fabricating miniature components for integrated optics.

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Dispersion (optics)

In optics, dispersion is the phenomenon in which the phase velocity of a wave depends on its frequency.

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Dr. Dre

Andre Romelle Young (born February 18, 1965), better known by his stage name Dr.

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Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.

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DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.

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DVD recorder

A DVD recorder is an optical disc recorder that uses optical disc recording technologies to digitally record analog or digital signals onto blank writable DVD media.

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Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of electric charge.

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Electron holography

Electron holography is holography with electron waves.

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Electron microscope

An electron microscope is a microscope that uses a beam of accelerated electrons as a source of illumination.

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Electrophoretic deposition

Electrophoretic deposition (EPD), is a term for a broad range of industrial processes which includes electrocoating, cathodic electrodeposition, anodic electrodeposition, and electrophoretic coating, or electrophoretic painting.

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Embossing (manufacturing)

Sheet metal embossing is a stamping process for producing raised or sunken designs or relief in sheet metal.

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Emmett Leith

Emmett Norman Leith (March 12, 1927 in Detroit, Michigan – December 23, 2005 in Ann Arbor, Michigan) was a professor of electrical engineering at the University of Michigan and, with Juris Upatnieks of the University of Michigan, the co-inventor of three-dimensional holography.

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The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.

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Exposure (photography)

In photography, exposure is the amount of light per unit area (the image plane illuminance times the exposure time) reaching a photographic film or electronic image sensor, as determined by shutter speed, lens aperture and scene luminance.

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Fast-moving consumer goods

Fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) or consumer packaged goods (CPG) are products that are sold quickly and at relatively low cost.

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A femtosecond is the SI unit of time equal to 10−15 or 1/1,000,000,000,000,000 of a second; that is, one quadrillionth, or one millionth of one billionth, of a second.

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Force field (fiction)

In speculative fiction, a force field, sometimes known as an energy shield, force shield, defence shield or deflector shield, is a barrier made of energy, plasma, or particles.

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Fourier transform

The Fourier transform (FT) decomposes a function of time (a signal) into the frequencies that make it up, in a way similar to how a musical chord can be expressed as the frequencies (or pitches) of its constituent notes.

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Frank DeFreitas

Frank DeFreitas (born January 1, 1956 in Camden, New Jersey) is the maintainer of the website HoloWorld, aimed at amateur holographers, and author of.

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Free-electron laser

A free-electron laser (FEL) is a kind of laser whose lasing medium consists of very-high-speed electrons moving freely through a magnetic structure, hence the term free electron.

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Fresnel lens

A Fresnel lens is a type of compact lens originally developed by French physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel for lighthouses.

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Gorillaz are a British virtual band created in 1998 by musician Damon Albarn and artist Jamie Hewlett.

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Greek language

Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

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Halo: Reach

Halo: Reach is a first-person shooter video game developed by Bungie and published by Microsoft Game Studios for the Xbox 360 home video game console.

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Hatsune Miku

, sometimes referred to as Miku Hatsune, is the name of a Vocaloid software voicebank developed by Crypton Future Media and its official moe anthropomorphism, a 16-year-old girl with long, turquoise twintails.

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Helium–neon laser

A helium–neon laser or HeNe laser, is a type of gas laser whose gain medium consists of a mixture of 85% helium and 15% neon inside of a small electrical discharge.

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A heterojunction is the interface that occurs between two layers or regions of dissimilar crystalline semiconductors.

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A hobby is a regular activity that is done for enjoyment, typically during one's leisure time.

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Hogel processing unit

The Hogel processing unit (HPU) is a highly parallel homogeneous computation device dedicated to rendering hogels for a holographic light-field display and encompasses the 3D scene conversion into hogels, the 2D post processing filters on hogels for spatial and color corrections and framebuffer management tasks.

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The holodeck is a fictional plot device from the television series Star Trek.

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Holographic data storage

Holographic data storage is a potential technology in the area of high-capacity data storage currently dominated by magnetic data storage and conventional optical data storage.

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Holographic interferometry

Holographic interferometry (HI)Powell RL & Stetson KA, 1965, J. Opt.

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Holographic principle

The holographic principle is a principle of string theories and a supposed property of quantum gravity that states that the description of a volume of space can be thought of as encoded on a lower-dimensional boundary to the region—preferably a light-like boundary like a gravitational horizon.

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Holographic Versatile Disc

The Holographic Versatile Disc (HVD) is an optical disc technology developed between April 2004 and mid-2008 that can store up to several terabytes of data on an optical disc 10 cm or 12 cm in diameter.

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Holonomic brain theory

The holonomic brain theory, developed by neuroscientist Karl Pribram initially in collaboration with physicist David Bohm, is a model of human cognition that describes the brain as a holographic storage network.

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Human brain

The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.

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Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary (Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and speak the Hungarian language.

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An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example, a photo or a two-dimensional picture, that has a similar appearance to some subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction of it.

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Indian rupee

The Indian rupee (sign: ₹; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India.

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InPhase Technologies

InPhase Technologies is a technology company developing holographic storage devices and media, based in Longmont, Colorado.

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Integral imaging

Integral imaging is an autostereoscopic and multiscopic three-dimensional imaging technique that captures and reproduces a light field by using a two-dimensional array of microlenses, sometimes called a fly's-eye lens, normally without the aid of a larger overall objective or viewing lens.

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Intensity (physics)

In physics, intensity is the power transferred per unit area, where the area is measured on the plane perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the energy.

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Interference lithography

Interference lithography (or holographic lithography) is a technique for patterning regular arrays of fine features, without the use of complex optical systems or photomasks.

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Interferometric microscopy

Interferometric microscopy or Imaging interferometric microscopy is the concept of microscopy which is related to holography, synthetic-aperture imaging, and off-axis-dark-field illumination techniques.

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Japanese yen

The is the official currency of Japan.

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The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.

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JP Miller

James Pinckney Miller (December 18, 1919, San Antonio, Texas - November 1, 2001, Flemington, New Jersey), known to friends and associates by the nickname Pappy, wrote under the name JP Miller.

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Juris Upatnieks

Juris Upatnieks (born 7 May 1936 in Riga) is a Latvian-American physicist and inventor, and pioneer in the field of holography.

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Lake Forest College

Lake Forest College is a four-year coeducational private liberal arts college in Lake Forest, Illinois, on Chicago's North Shore.

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A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.

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Laser diode

A laser diode, (LD), injection laser diode (ILD), or diode laser is a semiconductor device similar to a light-emitting diode in which the laser beam is created at the diode's junction.

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Laser pointer

A laser pointer or laser pen is a small handheld device with a power source (usually a battery) and a laser diode emitting a very narrow coherent low-powered laser beam of visible light, intended to be used to highlight something of interest by illuminating it with a small bright spot of colored light.

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Lawrence Bragg

Sir William Lawrence Bragg, (31 March 1890 – 1 July 1971) was an Australian-born British physicist and X-ray crystallographer, discoverer (1912) of Bragg's law of X-ray diffraction, which is basic for the determination of crystal structure.

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Lens (optics)

A lens is a transmissive optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction.

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Lenticular lens

A lenticular lens is an array of magnifying lenses, designed so that when viewed from slightly different angles, different images are magnified.

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Lenticular printing

Lenticular printing is a technology in which lenticular lenses (a technology that is also used for 3D displays) are used to produce printed images with an illusion of depth, or the ability to change or move as the image is viewed from different angles.

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Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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Light field

The light field is a vector function that describes the amount of light flowing in every direction through every point in space.

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Lisson Gallery

Lisson Gallery is a contemporary art gallery with locations in London, New York, and Milan, founded by Nicholas Logsdail in 1967.

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List of emerging technologies

Emerging technologies are those technical innovations which represent progressive developments within a field for competitive advantage.

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Lithium niobate

Lithium niobate is a compound of niobium, lithium, and oxygen.

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Lloyd Cross

Lloyd Cross is an American physicist and holographer.

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Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.

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Magnetic field

A magnetic field is a vector field that describes the magnetic influence of electrical currents and magnetized materials.

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Margaret Benyon

Margaret Benyon,, was a British artist.

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, commonly known as Maxell, is a Japanese company that manufactures consumer electronics.

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The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: μm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling (SI standard prefix "micro-".

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Microscopic scale

The microscopic scale (from, mikrós, "small" and σκοπέω, skopéō "look") is the scale of objects and events smaller than those that can easily be seen by the naked eye, requiring a lens or microscope to see them clearly.

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A microsecond is an SI unit of time equal to one millionth (0.000001 or 10−6 or 1/1,000,000) of a second.

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Mieczysław Wolfke

Mieczysław Wolfke (29 May 1883 – 4 May 1947) was a Polish physicist, professor at the Warsaw University of Technology, the forerunner of holography and television.

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A mirror is an object that reflects light in such a way that, for incident light in some range of wavelengths, the reflected light preserves many or most of the detailed physical characteristics of the original light, called specular reflection.

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Moysés Baumstein

Moysés Baumstein (June 13, 1931 in São Paulo – December 4, 1991 in São Paulo) was a Brazilian artist.

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Musical instrument

A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.

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Musion Eyeliner

The Musion Eyeliner is a proprietary high definition video projection system that allows moving images to appear within a live stage setting.

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National Geographic

National Geographic (formerly the National Geographic Magazine and branded also as NAT GEO or) is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society.

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| magnetic_moment.

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Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.

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Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.

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Nonlinear optics

Nonlinear optics (NLO) is the branch of optics that describes the behavior of light in nonlinear media, that is, media in which the dielectric polarization P responds nonlinearly to the electric field E of the light.

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Numerical aperture

In optics, the numerical aperture (NA) of an optical system is a dimensionless number that characterizes the range of angles over which the system can accept or emit light.

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Opacity (optics)

Opacity is the measure of impenetrability to electromagnetic or other kinds of radiation, especially visible light.

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Optical computing

Optical or photonic computing uses photons produced by lasers or diodes for computation.

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Optical microscope

The optical microscope, often referred to as the light microscope, is a type of microscope that uses visible light and a system of lenses to magnify images of small subjects.

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Optical resolution

Optical resolution describes the ability of an imaging system to resolve detail in the object that is being imaged.

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Optical table

An optical table is a vibration control platform that is used to support systems used for laser- and optics-related experiments, engineering and manufacturing.

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Optics Express

Optics Express is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by the Optical Society.

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Optware is a free software package manager for embedded systems.

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Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.

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A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder primarily for the purpose of international travel.

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Pepper's ghost

Pepper's ghost is an illusion technique used in the theatre, amusement parks, museums, television, and concerts.

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Perspective (graphical)

Perspective (from perspicere "to see through") in the graphic arts is an approximate representation, generally on a flat surface (such as paper), of an image as it is seen by the eye.

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Phase (waves)

Phase is the position of a point in time (an instant) on a waveform cycle.

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Phase-coherent holography

Phase-coherent holography is a type of holography, in which undiffracted beams are deflected phase-coherent.

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A photograph or photo is an image created by light falling on a light-sensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic medium such as a CCD or a CMOS chip.

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Photographic emulsion

Photographic emulsion is a light-sensitive colloid used in film-based photography.

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Photographic film

Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halide crystals.

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Photographic paper

Photographic paper is a paper coated with a light-sensitive chemical formula, used for making photographic prints.

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Photographic plate

Photographic plates preceded photographic film as a capture medium in photography.

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Photography is the science, art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.

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A photopolymer or light-activated resin is a polymer that changes its properties when exposed to light, often in the ultraviolet or visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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Photorefractive effect

The photorefractive effect is a nonlinear optical effect seen in certain crystals and other materials that respond to light by altering their refractive index.

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A photoresist is a light-sensitive material used in several processes, such as photolithography and photoengraving, to form a patterned coating on a surface.

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Physical Review Letters

Physical Review Letters (PRL), established in 1958, is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal that is published 52 times per year by the American Physical Society.

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Plane wave

In the physics of wave propagation, a plane wave (also spelled planewave) is a wave whose wavefronts (surfaces of constant phase) are infinite parallel planes.

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Plasma (physics)

Plasma (Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek English Lexicon, on Perseus) is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s.

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Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.

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Polyethylene terephthalate

Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.

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Pound sterling

The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.

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Princess Leia

Princess Leia Organa of Alderaan (also Senator Leia Organa or General Leia Organa) is a fictional character in the ''Star Wars'' franchise, portrayed in films by Carrie Fisher.

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Proceedings of the USSR Academy of Sciences

The Proceedings of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Доклады Академии Наук СССР, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (DAN SSSR), Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS) was a Soviet journal that was dedicated to publishing original, academic research papers in physics, mathematics, chemistry, geology, and biology.

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Quantum well

A quantum well is a potential well with only discrete energy values.

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Rainbow hologram

The rainbow or Benton hologram is a type of hologram invented in 1968 by Dr.

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Real image

In optics, a real image is an image which is located in the plane of convergence for the light rays that originate from a given object.

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Reciprocity (photography)

In photography reciprocity is the inverse relationship between the intensity and duration of light that determines the reaction of light-sensitive material.

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Red Dwarf

Red Dwarf is a British science fiction comedy franchise which primarily consists of a television sitcom that aired on BBC Two between 1988 and 1999, and on Dave since 2009, gaining a cult following.

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Reference beam

A reference beam is a laser beam used to read and write holograms.

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Refractive index

In optics, the refractive index or index of refraction of a material is a dimensionless number that describes how light propagates through that medium.

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A relay is an electrically operated switch.

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Ridged mirror

In atomic physics, a ridged mirror (or ridged atomic mirror, or Fresnel diffraction mirror) is a kind of atomic mirror, designed for the specular reflection of neutral particles (atoms) coming at the grazing incidence angle, characterised in the following: in order to reduce the mean attraction of particles to the surface and increase the reflectivity, this surface has narrow ridges.

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Royal Canadian Mint

The Royal Canadian Mint (Monnaie royale canadienne) is a Crown corporation of Canada, operating under the Royal Canadian Mint Act.

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Rugby, Warwickshire

Rugby is a market town in Warwickshire, England, close to the River Avon.

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Salvador Dalí

Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquess of Dalí de Púbol (11 May 190423 January 1989), known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.

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A sandpit (most Commonwealth countries) or sandbox (US/Canada) is a low, wide container or shallow depression filled with soft (beach) sand in which children can play.

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Science fiction

Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.

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A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.

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Signal beam

A signal beam or object beam is one of at least two laser beams used to write holograms.

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Silver halide

A silver halide (or silver salt) is one of the chemical compounds that can form between the element silver and one of the halogens.

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Snoop Dogg

Calvin Cordozar Broadus Jr. (born October 20, 1971), known professionally as Snoop Dogg, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, television personality and actor.

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Sound recording and reproduction

Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical, mechanical, electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music, or sound effects.

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South Korean won

The won (원,; symbol: ₩; code: KRW) or the Korean Republic Won is the currency of South Korea.

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Spatial light modulator

A spatial light modulator (SLM) is an object that imposes some form of spatially varying modulation on a beam of light.

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Speckle pattern

A speckle pattern is an intensity pattern produced by the mutual interference of a set of wavefronts.

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Specular holography

Specular holography is a technique for making three dimensional imagery by controlling the motion of specular glints on a two-dimensional surface.

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Sports equipment

Sporting equipment, also called sporting goods, has various forms depending on the sport, but it is essential to complete the sport.

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Star Trek

Star Trek is an American media franchise based on the science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry.

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Star Wars (film)

Star Wars (later retitled Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope) is a 1977 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas.

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Stereopsis (from the Greek στερεο- stereo- meaning "solid", and ὄψις opsis, "appearance, sight") is a term that is most often used to refer to the perception of depth and 3-dimensional structure obtained on the basis of visual information deriving from two eyes by individuals with normally developed binocular vision.

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Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics, or stereo imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision.

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A synchrotron is a particular type of cyclic particle accelerator, descended from the cyclotron, in which the accelerating particle beam travels around a fixed closed-loop path.

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The terabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.

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The Doctor (Star Trek: Voyager)

The Doctor, an Emergency Medical Hologram Mark I (or EMH for short), is a fictional character from the television series Star Trek: Voyager, played by actor Robert Picardo.

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A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.

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Three-dimensional space

Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).

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Tomography is imaging by sections or sectioning, through the use of any kind of penetrating wave.

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Transmission electron microscopy

Transmission electron microscopy (TEM, also sometimes conventional transmission electron microscopy or CTEM) is a microscopy technique in which a beam of electrons is transmitted through a specimen to form an image.

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Tung Jeong

Tung Hon Jeong (December 19, 1931 – May 4, 2015) was an international leader in the field of holography.

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Tupac Shakur

Tupac Amaru Shakur (born Lesane Parish Crooks; June 16, 1971September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names Tupac, 2Pac and Makaveli, was an American rapper and actor.

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University of Michigan

The University of Michigan (UM, U-M, U of M, or UMich), often simply referred to as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

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University of Nottingham

The University of Nottingham is a public research university in Nottingham, United Kingdom.

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Urban legend

An urban legend, urban myth, urban tale, or contemporary legend is a form of modern folklore.

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Video projector

A video projector is an image projector that receives a video signal and projects the corresponding image on a projection screen using a lens system.

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Vocal folds

The vocal folds, also known commonly as vocal cords or voice reeds, are composed of twin infoldings of mucous membrane stretched horizontally, from back to front, across the larynx.

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is a singing voice synthesizer software.

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Volume hologram

Volume holograms are holograms where the thickness of the recording material is much larger than the light wavelength used for recording.

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Volumetric display

A volumetric display device is a graphic display device that forms a visual representation of an object in three physical dimensions, as opposed to the planar image of traditional screens that simulate depth through a number of different visual effects.

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Volumetric printing

Volumetric printing is a three-dimensional digital-to-physical imaging technology developed in 2013 that uses ink or other pigments suspended in a volume to form a full-color volumetric scene in physical space.

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In physics, a wave is a disturbance that transfers energy through matter or space, with little or no associated mass transport.

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Wave interference

In physics, interference is a phenomenon in which two waves superpose to form a resultant wave of greater, lower, or the same amplitude.

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In physics, a wavefront is the locus of points characterized by propagation of positions of identical phase: propagation of a point in 1D, a curve in 2D or a surface in 3D.

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In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats.

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Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols.

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X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.

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Yuri Nikolaevich Denisyuk

Yuri Nikolaevich Denisyuk (July 27, 1927 in Sochi – May 14, 2006 in Saint Petersburg) a Soviet physicist, one of the founders of optical holography.

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Zebra Imaging

Zebra Imaging develops 3D digital holographic images, hologram imagers and interactive 3D displays for government and commercial uses.

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Zone plate

A zone plate is a device used to focus light or other things exhibiting wave character.

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3D computer graphics

3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.

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3D optical data storage

3D optical data storage is any form of optical data storage in which information can be recorded or read with three-dimensional resolution (as opposed to the two-dimensional resolution afforded, for example, by CD).

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3D holography, Fauxlography, Hologram, Hologrammatic, Hologramme, Holograms, Holographic, Holographic System, Holographic art, Holographic image, Holographic projection, Holographic projector, Holographics, Laser hologram, Laser holograms.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holography

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