336 relations: Abnub, Abu Qir, Abu Qirqas, Abu Tig, Abydos, Egypt, Acanthus (Egypt), Africa, Akhmim, Akoris, Egypt, Alexandria, Alexandria, Virginia, Algeria, Alodia, Amman, Amsterdam, Anba Angaelos, Anthony the Great, Antinopolis, Apis (city), Apollonia, Cyrenaica, Apollonopolis Parva (Hypselis), Apollonos Hydreium, Apostles, Apostolic see, Arcadia Aegypti, Archbishop, Arish, Armant, Egypt, Assistant bishop, Aswan, Asyut, Atbara, Atfih, Athens, Athribis, Athribis (Upper Egypt), Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Auxiliary bishop, Babylon Fortress, Barca (ancient city), Barstow, California, Bayda, Libya, Beheira Governorate, Belqas, Benghazi, Benha, Beni Hasan, Beni Mazar, Beni Suef, ..., Berenice Troglodytica, Birmingham, Bishop, Bishop Missael, Bolivia, Bubastis, Busiris (Lower Egypt), Buto, Cairo, Canopus, Egypt, Catechetical School of Alexandria, Cathedra, Central Africa, Chorbishop, Christianity in Africa, Church of Alexandria, Clysma, Coadjutor bishop, Coptic alphabet, Coptic art, Coptic calendar, Coptic Catholic Church, Coptic Diocese of Faras, Coptic Diocese of Syene, Coptic flag, Coptic language, Coptic music, Coptic Orphans, Coptic Orthodox Church in Australia, Coptic Orthodox Church in Britain and Ireland, Coptic Orthodox Church in Canada, Coptic Orthodox Church in Europe, Coptic Orthodox Church in South America, Coptic Orthodox Church in the United States, Coptic Orthodox Church in Wales, Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Coptic Orthodox Diocese of the Midlands and Affiliated Areas U.K., Copts, Corpus Christi, Texas, Cusae, Cyprus, Cyrenaica, Cyrene, Libya, Dairut, Damanhur, Damietta, Dawsonville, Georgia, Deir el-Muharraq, Deir Mawas, Dendera, Derna, Libya, Diocesan bishop, Diocese, Dongola, East Africa, East Asia, Eastern Desert, Eastern Orthodox Church, Ecclesiastical province, Edfu, Egypt, El Balyana, El Fateh, El Ghanayem, El Idwa, El Kab, El Mahalla El Kubra, El Maragha, El Qantara, Egypt, El Tor, Egypt, Elder (Christianity), Elephantine, Eparchy, Eritrea, Esna, Exarch, Exarchate of Africa, Faiyum, Fasting and abstinence of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, France, French Coptic Orthodox Church, Gebelein, General Congregation Council, Germany, Giza, Greece, Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa, Hadrumetum, Hawaii, Höxter, Hebenu, Hegumen, Heliopolis, Cairo, Helwan, Heracleopolis Magna, Hermopolis, Hieracon, Holy Synod, Hong Kong, Hurghada, Iraq, Iris Habib Elmasry, Ismailia, Jerusalem, Kafr El Sheikh, Khartoum, Khatatba, Kom Ombo, Kuwait, Lake Mariout, Land of Goshen, Lebanon, Leontopolis, Leptis Magna, Leptis Parva, Libu, Libya, List of ancient Egyptian sites, List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria, Locum, Los Angeles, Lower Egypt, Luxor, Maadi, Maghagha, Makuria, Mallawi, Manfalut, Mansoura, Egypt, Mark the Evangelist, Marmarica, Marseille, Martyr, Massarah, Matai, Egypt, Mauretania Caesariensis, Mauretania Tingitana, Meir, Egypt, Melbourne, Memphis, Egypt, Menassa Youhanna, Mendes, Mersa Matruh, Mesopotamia, Metropolis, Metropolis (religious jurisdiction), Metropolitan bishop, Milan, Minya, Egypt, Missionary bishop, Mississauga, Mokattam, Monastery of Saint Anthony, Monastery of Saint Fana, Monastery of Saint Macarius the Great, Monastery of Saint Mina, Monastery of Saint Paul the Anchorite, Monastery of Saint Pishoy, Monufia Governorate, Morocco, Myos Hormos, Nag Hammadi, Naqada, Naucratis, Near East, Nekhen, Netherlands, New England, New South Wales, New York (state), Nilopolis, Nobatia, North America, North East England, North Sinai Governorate, Northern Italy, Northern Territory, Nubia, Numidia, Oceania, Oikonomos, Olbia (Egypt), Old Cairo, Omdurman, Ordinary (officer), Oriental Orthodoxy, Orthodoxy, Oxyrhynchus, Pachomius the Great, Palestine (region), Paralus (Egypt), Paris, Paromeos Monastery, Patriarch, Patriarch of Alexandria, Pelusium, Pentapolis, Phacusa, Pithom, Pontiff, Pope Cyril III of Alexandria, Pope John VI of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria, Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria, Port Said, Port Sudan, Primate (bishop), Primus inter pares, Ptolemais Hermiou, Ptolemais, Cyrenaica, Qena, Qift, Queensland, Qus, Rafah, Raffia palm, Red Sea, Rhacotis, Rhinocorura, Sabratha, Sais, Egypt, Samalut, Samuel the Confessor, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, São Paulo, Scandinavia, Scotland, Sebennytos, Sharm El Sheikh, Sharqia Governorate, Shenoute, Shubra El Kheima, Singapore, Soba (city), Sodfa, Sohag, South Africa, South Australia, South Sinai Governorate, Southern California, Southern Italy, Southern United States, Stockholm, Sudan, Suffragan bishop, Suffragan diocese, Switzerland, Sydney, Syria, Syriac Orthodox Church, Syrian Monastery, Egypt, Tahpanhes, Tahta, Tanis, Tanta, Tasmania, Thailand, Thebes, Egypt, Thinis, Thmuis, Tima, Egypt, Titular bishop, Titular see, Tjebu, Tocra, Tora, Egypt, Toukh, Toulon, Tripolitania, Tunisia, Turin, United Kingdom, United States, Upper Egypt, Vancouver, Vicar, Victoria (Australia), Vienna, Virginia, Wadi El Natrun, West Africa, Western Australia, White Monastery, Xois, Zagazig. Expand index (286 more) » « Shrink index
Abnub is a city in Egypt.
Abu Qir (ابو قير, Abu Qīr, or), formerly also spelled Abukir or Aboukir, is a town on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, near the ruins of ancient Canopus and northeast of Alexandria by rail.
Abu Qirqas is a region (markaz) located in the Minya Governorate of Egypt.
Abu Tig (أبو تيج; Ⲧⲁⲡⲟⲟⲩⲕⲏ) is a city in the Asyut Governorate of Egypt.
Abydos (أبيدوس.; Sahidic Ⲉⲃⲱⲧ) is one of the oldest cities of ancient Egypt, and also of the eighth nome in Upper Egypt, of which it was the capital city.
Acanthus (Greek: Ἄκανθος; in Ptolemy, Ἀκανθῶν Πόλις) was an ancient city of Egypt, on the western bank of the Nile, 120 stadia south of Memphis.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Akhmim (أخميم,; from Egyptian: Khent-min ; Sahidic Ϣⲙⲓⲛ) is a city in the Sohag Governorate of Upper Egypt.
Akoris (Egyptian: Mer-nefer(et) (Old and Middle Kingdoms), Per-Imen-mat-khent(j) (New Kingdom), or Dehenet (since 26th dynasty) is the Greek name for the modern Egyptian village of (Arabic طهنا الجبل), located about 12 km north of Al Minya. The ancient site is situated in the southeast of the modern village.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Alexandria is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
Alodia, also referred to as Alwa or Aloa, was a medieval Nubian kingdom in what is now central and southern Sudan.
Amman (عمّان) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
His Eminence Archbishop Angaelos became the first Coptic Orthodox Archbishop of London on 18 November 2017, after serving as General Bishop of the Coptic Orthodox Church in the United Kingdom since 1999.
Saint Anthony or Antony (Ἀντώνιος Antṓnios; Antonius); January 12, 251 – January 17, 356) was a Christian monk from Egypt, revered since his death as a saint. He is distinguished from other saints named Anthony such as, by various epithets of his own:,, and For his importance among the Desert Fathers and to all later Christian monasticism, he is also known as the. His feast day is celebrated on January 17 among the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches and on Tobi 22 in the Egyptian calendar used by the Coptic Church. The biography of Anthony's life by Athanasius of Alexandria helped to spread the concept of Christian monasticism, particularly in Western Europe via its Latin translations. He is often erroneously considered the first Christian monk, but as his biography and other sources make clear, there were many ascetics before him. Anthony was, however, the first to go into the wilderness (about 270), which seems to have contributed to his renown. Accounts of Anthony enduring supernatural temptation during his sojourn in the Eastern Desert of Egypt inspired the often-repeated subject of the temptation of St. Anthony in Western art and literature. Anthony is appealed to against infectious diseases, particularly skin diseases. In the past, many such afflictions, including ergotism, erysipelas, and shingles, were referred to as St. Anthony's fire.
Antinopolis (Antinoöpolis, Antinoopolis, Antinoë); (Ἀντινόου πόλις; ⲁⲛⲧⲓⲛⲱⲟⲩ Antinow; modern Sheikh 'Ibada) was a city founded at an older Egyptian village by the Roman emperor Hadrian to commemorate his deified young beloved, Antinous, on the east bank of the Nile, not far from the site in Upper Egypt where Antinous drowned in 130 AD.
Apis (Greek: Ἄπις, named for the god ''Apis''), was an ancient seaport town (Polyb. Exc. Leg. 115) on the north coast of Africa, about 18 km west of Paraetonium, sometimes considered located within Egypt, and sometimes in Marmarica.
Apollonia (Ἀπολλωνία) in Cyrenaica (modern Libya) was founded by Greek colonists and became a significant commercial centre in the southern Mediterranean.
Apollonopolis Parva or Apollinopolis Parva (Ἀπόλλωνος ἡ μικρά, Steph. B. s. v.; Ἀπόλλων μικρός, Hierocl. p. 731) or Apollonos minoris (It. Anton. p. 158), was an ancient town in Upper Egypt, in latitude 27° North, upon the western bank of the Nile.
Apollonos Hydreium (Plin. vi. 26; It. Anton.) or Apollinopolis or Apollonopolis (Greek: Ἀπόλλωνος πόλις), was an ancient city of Egypt that stood upon the high road from Coptos, in the Thebaid, to Berenice on the Red Sea, and was a watering station for the caravans in their transit between those cities.
In Christian theology and ecclesiology, the apostles, particularly the Twelve Apostles (also known as the Twelve Disciples or simply the Twelve), were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.
In Catholicism, an apostolic see is any episcopal see whose foundation is attributed to one or more of the apostles of Jesus.
Arcadia or Arcadia Aegypti was a Late Roman province in northern Egypt.
In Christianity, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek αρχιεπίσκοπος, from αρχι-, 'chief', and επίσκοπος, 'bishop') is a bishop of higher rank or office.
Arish or el Arīsh (العريش, Hrinokorura) is the capital and largest city (with 164,830 inhabitants) of the Egyptian governorate of North Sinai, as well as the largest city on the entire Sinai Peninsula, lying on the Mediterranean coast of the Sinai peninsula, northeast of Cairo.
Armant (Egyptian jwnj, jwnj šm'j "southern Heliopolis" or jwnj-mntw "the Heliopolis of the Nomad"; Coptic:; known in Koine Greek as Hermonthis), is a town located about 12 miles south of Thebes.
An assistant bishop in the Anglican Communion is a bishop appointed to assist a diocesan bishop.
Aswan (أسوان; ⲥⲟⲩⲁⲛ) is a city in the south of Egypt, the capital of the Aswan Governorate.
AsyutMore often spelled Assiout or Assiut.
Atbara (sometimes Atbarah) (عطبرة ʿAṭbarah) is a city of 111,399 (2007) located in River Nile State in northeastern Sudan.
Atfih (أطفيح, Tpeh or Tpēh) is a town in Middle Egypt.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Athribis (أتريب; Greek: Ἄθλιβις, from the original Egyptian Hut-heryib, Ⲁⲑⲣⲏⲃⲓ) was an ancient city in Lower Egypt.
Athribis (Greek: Ἄθλιβις), also known to the ancient Greeks as Triphieion or Tripheion, and to the ancient Egyptians as Hut-Repyt, was an ancient city of Egypt, in the Panopolite nome.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT; known as the Federal Capital Territory until 1938) is Australia's federal district, located in the south-east of the country and enclaved within the state of New South Wales.
An auxiliary bishop is a bishop assigned to assist the diocesan bishop in meeting the pastoral and administrative needs of the diocese.
Babylon Fortress was an ancient fortress city or castle in the Delta of Egypt, located in the area today known as Coptic Cairo.
Barca, also called Barce) (Βάρκη, برقة, Berber: Berqa) is an Ancient city and former bishopric, which survives in both Latin Catholic and Orthodox titular see.
Barstow is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States.
Bayda, or Elbeida (or; البيضاء) (also spelt az-Zāwiyat al-Bayḑā’, Zāwiyat al-Bayḑā’, Beida and El Beida; known as Beda Littoria under Italian colonial rule), is a commercial and industrial city in eastern Libya.
Beheira Governorate (محافظة البحيرة,, "the Lake") is a coastal governorate in Egypt.
Belqas (بلقاس) is a town located in the north-western corner of the Dakahlia Governorate in Egypt.
Benghazi (بنغازي) is the second-most populous city in Libya and the largest in Cyrenaica.
Benha /'benhæ/ (بنها), also spelled Banha , is the capital of the Qalyubia Governorate in north-eastern Egypt.
Beni Hasan (also written as Bani Hasan, or also Beni-Hassan) (بني حسن) is an Ancient Egyptian cemetery site.
Beni Mazar is a city in Egypt.
Beni Suef, (بنى سويف,; Coptic: Panisōf) is the capital city of the Beni Suef Governorate in Egypt.
Berenice (Berenike) or Berenice Troglodytica (Greek: Βερενίκη), also known as Baranis, is an ancient seaport of Egypt on the west coast of the Red Sea.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
Bishop Missael (born 1940) is a diocesan bishop of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria consecrated by Pope Shenouda III on 26 May 1991 to oversee the Coptic Orthodox Diocese of the Midlands, U.K. In this capacity, he is a member of The Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Church.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Bubastis (Bohairic Coptic: Ⲡⲟⲩⲃⲁⲥϯ Poubasti; Greek: Βούβαστις Boubastis or Βούβαστος Boubastos), also known in Arabic as Tell-Basta or in Egyptian as Per-Bast, was an Ancient Egyptian city.
Busiris (أبو صير بنا; Greek: Βούσιρις; ⲃⲟⲩⲥⲓⲣⲓ, Herod. i. 59, 61,165; Strabo xvii. p. 802; Plut. Is. et Osir. 30; Ptol. iv. 5. § 51; Plin. v. 9. s. 11: Hierocl. p. 725; Steph. B. s. v.) was an ancient city in Lower Egypt, located at the present-day Abu Sir Bana.
Buto (Βουτώ, بوتو, Butu), Butus (Βοῦτος, Boutos), or Butosus, now Tell El Fara'in ("Hill of the Pharaohs"), near the villages of Ibtu (or Abtu) and Kom Butu and the city of Desouk (دسوق), was an ancient city located 95 km east of Alexandria in the Nile Delta of Egypt.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
Canopus, also known as Canobus, was an Ancient Egyptian coastal town, located in the Nile Delta.
The Catechetical School of Alexandria was a school of Christian theologians and priests in Alexandria.
A cathedra (Latin, "chair", from Greek, καθέδρα kathédra, "seat") or bishop's throne is the seat of a bishop.
Central Africa is the core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda.
A chorbishop is a rank of Christian clergy below bishop.
Christianity in Africa began in Egypt in the middle of the 1st century.
The Church of Alexandria in Egypt is the Christian Church headed by the Patriarch of Alexandria.
Clysma (Κλῦσμα, Κλειυσμα) was an ancient city in Egypt.
A coadjutor bishop (or bishop coadjutor) is a bishop in the Catholic, Anglican, and (historically) Eastern Orthodox churches whose main role is to assist the diocesan bishop in the administration of the diocese.
The Coptic alphabet is the script used for writing the Coptic language.
Coptic art is a term used either for the art of Egypt produced in the early Christian era or for the art produced by the Coptic Christians themselves.
The Coptic calendar, also called the Alexandrian calendar, is a liturgical calendar that was used by the Coptic Orthodox Church and is still used in Egypt.
The Coptic Catholic Church is an Eastern Catholic particular church in full communion with the Catholic Church.
The Coptic Diocese of Faras is a titular diocese of the Coptic Orthodox Church formerly located at Pakhoras in Nobadia (modern Faras, in Sudan).
The Diocese of Syene is an ancient see of the Coptic Church in Aswan, Egypt.
The Coptic flag was created in 2005 by Coptic activists in different countries to represent Coptic communities both in Egypt and in the Coptic diaspora.
Coptic or Coptic Egyptian (Bohairic: ti.met.rem.ən.khēmi and Sahidic: t.mənt.rəm.ən.kēme) is the latest stage of the Egyptian language, a northern Afro-Asiatic language spoken in Egypt until at least the 17th century.
Coptic music is the music sung and played in the Coptic Orthodox Church (Church of Egypt).
Coptic Orphans is an award-winning international Christian development organization that unlocks the God-given potential of Egypt's most vulnerable children through the power of education.
This article is about Coptic Orthodoxy in Australia.
The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria has several churches in Great Britain and Ireland, under the jurisdiction of four diocesan bishops.
The immigration of the Copts to Canada (Copts in Canada) might have started as early as the late 1950s.
The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria has many churches and congregations in Europe and on 2 June 1974 Pope Shenouda III has received in the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria a native Orthodox Church in France known as the French Orthodox Eparchy, along with their Primate, who in turn was accepted after consecration into the Episcopate, in the Holy Synod of the Church of Alexandria and hence was appointed their Primate Marcos (Mark), as the first Bishop and Athanasius as Chorbishop of The French Orthodox Eparchy.
The Coptic Orthodox Church in South America has bishops in Bolivia and Brazil.
The immigration of the Copts to the United States of America started as early as the late 1940s.
The Coptic Orthodox Church in Wales has two churches in Wales.
The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ, ti.eklyseya en.remenkimi en.orthodoxos, literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church) is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Northeast Africa and the Middle East.
The Coptic Orthodox Diocese of the Midlands, UK is under the care of Bishop Missael.
The Copts (ⲚⲓⲢⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ̀ⲛ̀Ⲭⲣⲏⲥⲧⲓ̀ⲁⲛⲟⲥ,; أقباط) are an ethnoreligious group indigenous to North Africa who primarily inhabit the area of modern Egypt, where they are the largest Christian denomination in the country.
Corpus Christi, colloquially Corpus (Latin: Body of Christ), is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas.
Cusae (Kusai; ⲕⲱⲥⲉⲓ or ⲕⲟⲥⲉⲓ) was a city in Upper Egypt, known to the Ancient Egyptians as Qis or Kis.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
Cyrenaica (Cyrenaica (Provincia), Κυρηναία (ἐπαρχία) Kyrēnaíā (eparkhíā), after the city of Cyrene; برقة) is the eastern coastal region of Libya.
Cyrene (translit) was an ancient Greek and Roman city near present-day Shahhat, Libya.
Dairut is a city in Egypt.
Damanhur (دمنهور,; Egyptian: Dmỉ-n-Ḥr.w ; Ⲡⲓϯⲙⲓⲛ̀ϩⲱⲣ; Ἑρμοῦ πόλις μικρά) is a city in Lower Egypt, and the capital of the Beheira Governorate.
Damietta (دمياط,; ⲧⲁⲙⲓⲁϯ) also known as Damiata, or Domyat, is a port and the capital of the Damietta Governorate in Egypt, a former bishopric and present multiple Catholic titular see.
Dawsonville is a city in Dawson County, Georgia, United States.
Deir el-Muharraq (الدير المحرق), is also known as the Muharraq Monastery, Burned Monastery, Virgin Mary monastery and Mount Koskam Monastery, is a monastic complex of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria in Egypt.
Deir Mawas or Deir Muas (ديرمواس) is a city in Egypt.
Dendera (دندرة Dandarah; ⲛⲓⲧⲉⲛⲧⲱⲣⲓ), also spelled Denderah, ancient Iunet, Tentyris or Tentyra is a small town and former bishopric in Egypt situated on the west bank of the Nile, about south of Qena, on the opposite side of the river.
Derna (درنة) is a port city in eastern Libya.
A diocesan bishop, within various religious denominations, is a bishop (or archbishop) in pastoral charge of a(n arch)diocese (his (arch)bishopric), as opposed to a titular bishop or archbishop, whose see is only nominal, not pastoral.
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".
Dongola (دنقلا), also spelled Dunqulah, and formerly known as Al 'Urdi, is the capital of the state of Northern in Sudan, on the banks of the Nile, and a former Latin Catholic bishopric (14th century).
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
The Eastern Desert is the part of the Sahara desert that is located east of the Nile river, between the river and the Red Sea.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
An ecclesiastical province is one of the basic forms of jurisdiction in Christian Churches with traditional hierarchical structure, including Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity.
Edfu (إدفو,; also spelt Idfu, or in modern French as Edfou, and known in antiquity as Behdet) is an Egyptian city, located on the west bank of the Nile River between Esna and Aswan, with a population of approximately sixty thousand people.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
El Balyana (ⲧⲡⲟⲩⲣⲁⲛⲏ, البلينا) is a small town in the Sohag Governorate of Upper Egypt.
El-Fateh is an Egyptian city located near the city of Abnub in the Asyut Governorate.
El Ghanayem is a town in Egypt.
El Idwa is a city in the Minya Governorate of Egypt.
El Kab (or better Elkab) is an Upper Egyptian site on the east bank of the Nile at the mouth of the Wadi Hillal about south of Luxor (ancient Thebes).
El Mahalla El Kubra (المحلة الكبرى) – commonly shortened to – is a large industrial and agricultural city in Egypt, located in the middle of the Nile Delta on the western bank of the Damietta Branch tributary.
El Maragha is a city in the Sohag Governorate in Upper Egypt.
El Qantara (the bridge) is a northeastern Egyptian city on both sides of the Suez Canal located in the Egyptian governorate of Ismailia, northeast of Cairo and south of Port Said.
El Tor (الطور  / ), also romanized as Al-Tur and At-Tur and known as Tur Sinai, formerly Raithu, is a small city and the seat of government of the South Sinai Governorate of Egypt.
An elder in Christianity is a person who is valued for wisdom and holds a position of responsibility and/or authority in a Christian group.
Elephantine (Gazīrat il-Fantīn; Ἐλεφαντίνη) is an island on the Nile, forming part of the city of Aswan in Upper Egypt.
Eparchy is an anglicized Greek word (ἐπαρχία), authentically Latinized as eparchia, which can be loosely translated as the rule or jurisdiction over something, such as a province, prefecture, or territory.
Eritrea (ኤርትራ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara.
Esna (إسنا), known to the ancient Egyptians as Egyptian: jwny.t or t3-snt; Coptic (Sahidic): ⲥⲛⲏ (Snē), which derives from t3-snt; Greek: Λατόπολις (Latopolis or Letopolis) or πόλις Λάτων (Polis Laton) or Λάττων (Latton); Latin: Lato, is a city in Egypt.
The term exarch comes from the Ancient Greek ἔξαρχος, exarchos, and designates holders of various historical offices, some of them being political or military and others being ecclesiastical.
The Exarchate of Africa was a division of the Byzantine Empire centered at Carthage, Tunisia, which encompassed its possessions on the Western Mediterranean.
Faiyum (الفيوم; ̀Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ or Ⲫⲓⲱⲙ) is a city in Middle Egypt.
The Copts (Christians of Egypt) who belong mostly to the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, observe fasting periods according to the Coptic calendar.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French Coptic Orthodox Church (Métropole copte orthodoxe de France) is a Coptic Orthodox church centered in France.
Gebelein (Arabic: الجبلين, Two Mountains; Egyptian: Inerty or Per-Hathor; Pathyris or Aphroditopolis) was a town in Egypt.
General Congregation Council (المجلس الملي العام للأقباط الأرثوذكس) is part of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and represents the laity of the Church, it is also known as the Coptic Orthodox Lay Council Established in February 1874 during the vacancy time of the Patriarchal Throne before the election of Pope Cyril V of Alexandria.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Giza (sometimes spelled Gizah or Jizah; الجيزة; ϯⲡⲉⲣⲥⲏⲥ, ⲅⲓⲍⲁ) is the third-largest city in Egypt and the capital of the Giza Governorate.
The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa (Greek: Πατριαρχεῖον Ἀλεξανδρείας καὶ πάσης Ἀφρικῆς, Patriarcheîon Alexandreías kaì pásēs Aphrikês) is an autocephalous Byzantine Rite jurisdiction of the Eastern Orthodox Church, having the African continent as its canonical territory.
Hadrume(n)tum (sometimes called Adrametum or Adrametus) was a Phoenician colony that pre-dated Carthage and stood on the site of modern-day Sousse, Tunisia.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Höxter is a town in eastern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the left bank of the river Weser, 52 km north of Kassel in the centre of the Weser Uplands.
Hebenu is an Ancient Egyptian city.
Hegumen, hegumenos, or igumen (ἡγούμενος, trans.) is the title for the head of a monastery in the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches, similar to the title of abbot.
Heliopolis (مصر الجديدة,,, "New Egypt") was a suburb outside Cairo, Egypt, which has since merged with Cairo as a district of the city and is one of the more affluent areas of Cairo.
Helwan (حلوان,, Halouan) is a city in Egypt and part of Greater Cairo, on the bank of the Nile, opposite the ruins of Memphis.
Heracleopolis Magna (Μεγάλη Ἡρακλέους πόλις, Megálē Herakléous pólis) or Heracleopolis (Ἡρακλεόπολις, Herakleópolis) is the Roman name of the capital of the 20th nome of ancient Upper Egypt.
Hermopolis (also Hermopolis Magna, Ἑρμοῦ πόλις μεγάλη Hermou polis megale, Ḫmnw, Egyptological pronunciation: "Khemenu", Coptic Shmun) was a major city in antiquity, located near the boundary between Lower and Upper Egypt.
Hieracon or Hierakon (Ἱεράκων κώμη, Ptolemy vi. 7. § 36), also called Theracon, Egyptian pr nmty, was an ancient fortified city of Upper Egypt situated on the right bank of the Nile, now the site of the modern-day village of al-ʿAtawlah, Egypt.
In several of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches and Eastern Catholic Churches, the patriarch or head bishop is elected by a group of bishops called the Holy Synod.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Hurghada (الغردقة) is a city in the Red Sea Governorate of Egypt.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Iris Habib Elmasry (إيريس حبيب المصري) was a prominent Coptic Historian (1910–1994).
Ismailia (الإسماعيلية) is a city in north-eastern Egypt.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Kafr El Sheikh (كفر الشيخ) is the capital of Kafr El Sheikh Governorate, Egypt, about 134 km north of Cairo, in the Nile Delta of lower Egypt.
Khartoum is the capital and largest city of Sudan.
Khatatba is a town in the Monufia Governorate in Lower Egypt, 43 kilometers north of the Egyptian capital Cairo.
Kom Ombo (كوم أمبو, Ⲉⲙⲃⲱ Embo, Ὄμβοι Omboi, Ptol. iv. 5. § 73; Steph. B. s. v.; It. Anton. p. 165) or Ombos (Juv. xv. 35) or Latin: Ambo (Not. Imp. sect. 20) and Ombi – is an agricultural town in Egypt famous for the Temple of Kom Ombo.
Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.
Lake Mariout (بحيرة مريوط,, also spelled Maryut or Mariut, is a brackish lake in northern Egypt. The lake area covered 200 km² and had a navigable canal at the beginning of the 20th century, but at the beginning of the 21st century, it covers only about 50 km².
The Land of Goshen (אֶרֶץ גֹּשֶׁן or Eretz Gošen) is named in the Bible as the place in Egypt given to the Hebrews by the pharaoh of Joseph, and the land from which they later left Egypt at the time of the Exodus.
Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.
Leontopolis was an Ancient Egyptian city located in the Nile Delta, Lower Egypt.
Leptis Magna (also Lepcis, Berber: Lubta, Neo-Punic: lpqy) was a prominent city in Roman Libya.
Leptis or Lepcis, known by later writers as Leptis Minor, Leptis Parva or Leptiminus, to distinguish it from Leptis Magna, was a Phoenician colony founded on the African coast between Hadrumetum and Thapsus on the Sinus Neapolitanus, just south of the modern city of Monastir, Tunisia.
The Libu (rbw; also transcribed Rebu, Lebu) were an Ancient Libyan tribe of Berber origin, from which the name ''Libya'' derives.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
This is a list of ancient Egyptian sites, throughout all of Egypt and Nubia.
The following is a list of all of the Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria who have led the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and have succeeded the Apostle Mark the Evangelist in the office of Bishop of Alexandria, who founded the Church in the 1st century, and therefore marked the beginning of Christianity in Africa.
A locum is a person who temporarily fulfills the duties of another.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Lower Egypt (مصر السفلى.) is the northernmost region of Egypt: the fertile Nile Delta, between Upper Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea — from El Aiyat, south of modern-day Cairo, and Dahshur.
Luxor (الأقصر; Egyptian Arabic:; Sa'idi Arabic) is a city in Upper (southern) Egypt and the capital of Luxor Governorate.
Maadi or al-Ma'adi (معادي الخبيري - المعادي / transliterated) is an affluent, leafy suburban district south of Cairo, Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile about 12 km upriver from downtown Cairo.
Maghagha (مغاغة, مغاغه) is city in Egypt, located on the west bank of the Nile.
The Kingdom of Makuria (Old Nubian: ⲇⲱⲧⲁⲩⲟ, Dotawo; Greek: Μακογρια, Makouria; مقرة, al-Muqurra) was a Nubian kingdom located in what is today Northern Sudan and Southern Egypt.
Mallawi (ملوى; Saidi pronunciation) is a city in Egypt, located in the governorate of Minya.
Manfalut (منفلوط) is a city in Egypt.
El-Mansoura (المنصورة,, rural) is a city in Egypt, with a population of 960,423.
Saint Mark the Evangelist (Mārcus; Μᾶρκος; Ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ; מרקוס; مَرْقُس; ማርቆስ; ⵎⴰⵔⵇⵓⵙ) is the traditionally ascribed author of the Gospel of Mark.
Marmarica in ancient geography was a littoral area in Ancient Libya, located between Cyrenaica and Aegyptus.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
A martyr (Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, "witness"; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-) is someone who suffers persecution and death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, or refusing to advocate a belief or cause as demanded by an external party.
Massarah, also spelled Maasarah or Masarah, is a city in Helwan, Egypt.
Matai is a city in the Minya Governorate in Upper Egypt.
Mauretania Caesariensis (Latin for "Caesarian Mauretania") was a Roman province located in what is now Algeria in the Maghreb.
Mauritania Tingitana (Latin for "Tangerine Mauritania") was a Roman province located in the Maghreb, coinciding roughly with the northern part of present-day Morocco.
Meir is a village in Upper Egypt.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Memphis (مَنْف; ⲙⲉⲙϥⲓ; Μέμφις) was the ancient capital of Aneb-Hetch, the first nome of Lower Egypt.
Father Menassa Youhanna (1899–1930) was a Coptic priest, historian and theologian, most noted for his work on the history of the Coptic Orthodox Church.
Mendes (Μένδης, gen.: Μένδητος), the Greek name of the Ancient Egyptian city of Djedet, also known in Ancient Egypt as Per-Banebdjedet ("The Domain of the Ram Lord of Djedet") and Anpet, is known today as Tell El-Ruba (تل الربع).
Mersa Matruh (مرسى مطروح) is a seaport in Egypt, the capital of the Matrouh Governorate.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.
A metropolis or metropolitan archdiocese is a see or city whose bishop is the metropolitan of a province.
In Christian churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop of a metropolis (then more precisely called metropolitan archbishop); that is, the chief city of a historical Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
MinyaAlso spelled el… or al… …Menia, …Minia or …Menya.
A missionary bishop is one assigned in the Anglican Communion to an area that is not already organized under a bishop of a church.
Mississauga Also pronounced: Dictionary Reference:, The Free Dictionary: is a city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The Mokattam (المقطم, also spelled Muqattam), also known as the Mukattam Mountain or Hills, is the name of a range of hills and a suburb in them, located in southeastern Cairo, Egypt.
The Monastery of Saint Anthony is a Coptic Orthodox monastery standing in an oasis in the Eastern Desert of Egypt, in the southern part of the Suez Governorate.
The Monastery of Saint Fana is a Coptic Orthodox monastery.
The Monastery of Saint Macarius '''the Great''' also known as Dayr Abū Maqār (دير الأنبا مقار) is a Coptic Orthodox monastery located in Wadi El Natrun, Beheira Governorate, about 92 km north west of Cairo, and off the highway between Cairo and Alexandria.
The Monastery of Saint Mina is a monastery of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria located in the Western Desert near Alexandria.
The Monastery of Saint Paul the Anchorite in Egypt is a Coptic Orthodox monastery located in the Eastern Desert, near the Red Sea mountains.
The Monastery of Saint Pishoy (also spelled Bishoy, Pshoi, or Bishoi) in Wadi El Natrun, Beheira Governorate, Egypt, is the most famous monastery of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria named after Pishoy.
Monufia Governorate (محافظة المنوفية) is one of the governorates of Egypt.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Myos Hormos was a Red Sea port constructed by the Ptolemies around the 3rd century BC.
Nag Hammadi (نجع حمادى Najʿ Ḥammādī) is a city in Upper Egypt.
Naqada is a town on the west bank of the Nile in the Egyptian governorate of Qena.
Naucratis or Naukratis (Ναύκρατις, "Naval Victory"; Egyptian:Piemro) was a city of Ancient Egypt, on the Canopic branch of the Nile river, and 45 mi (72 km) southeast of the open sea and Alexandria.
The Near East is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia.
Nekhen or Hierakonpolis (Ἱεράκων πόλις Hierakōn polis "Hawk City", lit) was the religious and political capital of Upper Egypt at the end of prehistoric Egypt (3200–3100 BC) and probably also during the Early Dynastic Period (3100–2686 BC).
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
Nilopolis or Delas (Coptic: ϯⲗⲟϫ Tilodj) was a city in Egypt situated on the left bank of the Nile, about forty-seven miles from Memphis.
Nobatia or Nobadia (Greek: Νοβαδἰα, Nobadia; Old Nubian: ⲙⲓⲅⲓⲧⲛ︦ ⲅⲟⲩⲗ, Migitin Goul) was a late antique kingdom in Lower Nubia.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
North Sinai Governorate (محافظة شمال سيناء) is one of the governorates of Egypt.
Northern Italy (Italia settentrionale or just Nord) is a geographical region in the northern part of Italy.
The Northern Territory (abbreviated as NT) is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia.
Nubia is a region along the Nile river encompassing the area between Aswan in southern Egypt and Khartoum in central Sudan.
Numidia (202 BC – 40 BC, Berber: Inumiden) was an ancient Berber kingdom of the Numidians, located in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia and Libya in the Berber world, in North Africa.
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
Oikonomos (οἰκονόμος, from oiko- 'house' and -nomos 'rule, law'), latinized oeconomus or œconomus, was an Ancient Greek word meaning 'manager' or 'housekeeper'.
Olbia or Arsinoe (Greek: Ἀρσινόη) was an ancient city in the Regio Troglodytica upon the western coast of the Red Sea between Philoteras (Quseir or Kosseir) and Myos Hormos.
Old Cairo (Egyptian Arabic: مصر القديمه, Masr el-Qadīma), also known as "Historic Cairo," or "Islamic Cairo," is a part of Cairo, Egypt which pre-dates the Fatimid city of Cairo, founded in 969 CE.
Omdurman (standard أم درمان Umm Durmān) is the second largest city in Sudan and Khartoum State, lying on the western banks of the River Nile, opposite the capital, Khartoum.
An ordinary (from Latin ordinarius) is an officer of a church or civic authority who by reason of office has ordinary power to execute laws.
Oriental Orthodoxy is the fourth largest communion of Christian churches, with about 76 million members worldwide.
Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.
Oxyrhynchus (Ὀξύρρυγχος Oxýrrhynkhos; "sharp-nosed"; ancient Egyptian Pr-Medjed; Coptic Pemdje; modern Egyptian Arabic El Bahnasa) is a city in Middle Egypt, located about 160 km south-southwest of Cairo, in the governorate of Al Minya.
Saint Pachomius (Παχώμιος, ca. 292–348), also known as Pachome and Pakhomius, is generally recognized as the founder of Christian cenobitic monasticism.
Palestine (فلسطين,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; פלשתינה. Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia.
Paralus was a historical settlement located at one of the seven mouths of the Nile, Egypt known as Paralus or Sebennys.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Paromeos Monastery (ⲡⲁⲣⲟⲙⲉⲟⲥ), also known as Baramos Monastery (البراموس), is a Coptic Orthodox monastery located in Wadi El Natrun (the Nitrian Desert), Beheira Governorate, Egypt.
The highest-ranking bishops in Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, the Catholic Church (above major archbishop and primate), and the Church of the East are termed patriarchs (and in certain cases also popes).
The Patriarch of Alexandria is the archbishop of Alexandria, Egypt.
Pelusium (الفرما; Ⲡⲉⲣⲉⲙⲟⲩⲛ or Ⲡⲉⲣⲉⲙⲟⲩⲏ), was an important city in the eastern extremes of Egypt's Nile Delta, 30 km to the southeast of the modern Port Said, becoming a Roman provincial capital and Metropolitan archbishopric, remaining a multiple Catholic titular see.
A pentapolis (from Greek πεντα- penta-, "five" and πόλις polis, "city") is a geographic and/or institutional grouping of five cities.
Phacusa was a city in the late Roman province of Augustamnica Prima.
Pithom (פיתום) also called Per-Atum or Heroöpolis or Heroonopolis (Greek: Ἡρώων πόλις or Ἡρώ) was an ancient city of Egypt.
A pontiff (from Latin pontifex) was, in Roman antiquity, a member of the most illustrious of the colleges of priests of the Roman religion, the College of Pontiffs.
Pope Cyril III of Alexandria was the 75th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.
Pope John VI of Alexandria, 74th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.
The Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is the leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, a faith with ancient Christian roots in Egypt.
Pope Shenouda III (Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ϣⲉⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲅ̅; بابا الإسكندرية شنودة الثالث; 3 August 1921 – 17 March 2012) was the 117th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.
This article uses dates and years written in the Coptic calendar, using the A.M. (Anno Martyrum) calendar era, in addition to the Gregorian calendar, using the A.D. calendar era. Pope Tawadros II (Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲑⲉⲟ́ⲇⲱⲣⲟⲥ ⲡⲓⲙⲁϩ ⲃ̅ Papa Abba Theódōrōs II; البابا تواضروس الثاني al-Bābā Tawāḍurūs al-ṯhānī, English: Pope Theodore II) (born 4 November 1952; 25 Paopi 1668) is the 118th and current Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark, succeeding the late Pope Shenouda III as leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria.
Port Said (بورسعيد, the first syllable has its pronunciation from Arabic; unurbanized local pronunciation) is a city that lies in north east Egypt extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, north of the Suez Canal, with an approximate population of 603,787 (2010).
Port Sudan (بور سودان) is a port city in eastern Sudan, and the capital of the state of Red Sea.
Primate is a title or rank bestowed on some archbishops in certain Christian churches.
Primus inter pares (Πρῶτος μεταξὺ ἴσων) is a Latin phrase meaning first among equals.
Ptolemais Hermiou or Ptolemais in the Thebaid was a city and Metropolitan Archbishopric in Greco-Roman Egypt and remains a Catholic titular see.
Ptolemais (Greek: Πτολεμαΐς) was one of the five cities that formed the Pentapolis of Cyrenaica, the others being Cyrene, Euesperides (later Berenice, and now Benghazi), Tauchira/Teuchira (later Arsinoe, and now Tocra), and Apollonia (now Susa).
Qena (Qinā , Egyptian Arabic:, locally:; ⲕⲱⲛⲏ Kone) is a city in Upper Egypt, and the capital of the Qena Governorate.
Qift (قفط; Ⲕⲉϥⲧ Keft or Kebto; Egyptian Gebtu; Κόπτος Coptos or Koptos; Roman Justinianopolis) is a small town in the Qena Governorate of Egypt about 43 km north of Luxor, on the east bank of the Nile.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
Qus (قوص; ⲕⲱⲥ or ⲕⲟⲥ) is a city in the modern Qena Governorate, Egypt, located on the east bank of the Nile.
Rafah (رفح) is a Palestinian city and refugee camp in the southern Gaza Strip.
Raffia palms (Raphia) are a genus of about twenty species of palms native to tropical regions of Africa, and especially Madagascar, with one species (R. taedigera) also occurring in Central and South America.
The Red Sea (also the Erythraean Sea) is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.
Rhacotis (Egyptian: 𓂋𓏤𓂝𓀨𓏏𓊖.
Rhinocorura (Ῥινοκόρουρα) or Rhinocolura (Ῥινοκόλουρα) was the name of a region and associated town (or towns) and rivers lying between Ancient Egypt and the Land of Israel.
Sabratha, Sabratah or Siburata (صبراتة), in the Zawiya District, accessed 20 July 2009, in Arabic of Libya, was the westernmost of the ancient "three cities" of Roman Tripolis.
Sais (Σάϊς, ⲥⲁⲓ) or Sa El Hagar (صا الحجر) was an ancient Egyptian town in the Western Nile Delta on the Canopic branch of the Nile.
Samalut (سمالوط) is a city in the Minya Governorate in Egypt.
Saint Samuel the Confessor (referred to in academic literature as Samuel of Kalamoun or Samuel of Qalamun) is a Coptic Orthodox saint, venerated in all Oriental Orthodox Churches.
Santa Cruz de la Sierra ('Holy Cross of the Mountain Range'), commonly known as Santa Cruz, is the largest city in Bolivia and the capital of the Santa Cruz department.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Sebennytos or Sebennytus (سمندود Samannūd, ϫⲉⲙⲛⲟⲩϯ, Greek: Σεβέννυτος, Ptol. iv. 5. § 50, Steph. B. s. v. or ἡ Σεβεννυτικὴ πόλις, Strabo xvii. p. 802, Egyptian: ṯb-nṯr, probably pronounced * in Old Egyptian, * in Late Egyptian), was an ancient city of Lower Egypt, located on the Damietta (Sebennytic) branch of the Nile in the Delta.
Sharm El Sheikh (شرم الشيخ) is a city on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, in South Sinai Governorate, Egypt, on the coastal strip along the Red Sea.
Sharqia Governorate (محافظة الشرقية,, rural) is the 3rd most populous of the governorates of Egypt.
Shenoute the Great, Saint Shenoute the Archimandrite (Coptic:; (347-465 or 348-466) (also called Shenouda) was the abbot of the White Monastery in Egypt. He is considered a saint by the Oriental Orthodox Churches, and is one of the most renowned saints of the Coptic Orthodox Church.
Shubra El Kheima, (شبرا الخيمة) is the fourth largest city in Egypt.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Soba is the former capital of the medieval Nubian kingdom of Alodia.
Sodfa is a town in Egypt.
Sohag (Saidi pronunciation), also known as Sawhāj, Suhag and Suhaj, is a city in Egypt that lies on the west bank of the Nile.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.
South Sinai Governorate (محافظة جنوب سيناء) is the least populated governorate of Egypt.
Southern California (colloquially known as SoCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises California's southernmost counties.
Southern Italy or Mezzogiorno (literally "midday") is a macroregion of Italy traditionally encompassing the territories of the former Kingdom of the two Sicilies (all the southern section of the Italian Peninsula and Sicily), with the frequent addition of the island of Sardinia.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
A suffragan bishop is a bishop subordinate to a metropolitan bishop or diocesan bishop.
A suffragan diocese is one of the dioceses other than the metropolitan archdiocese that constitute an ecclesiastical province.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
The Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch (ʿĪṯo Suryoyṯo Trišaṯ Šubḥo; الكنيسة السريانية الأرثوذكسية), or Syriac Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East, is an Oriental Orthodox Church with autocephalous patriarchate established in Antioch in 518, tracing its founding to St. Peter and St. Paul in the 1st century, according to its tradition.
The Syrian Monastery is a Coptic Orthodox monastery located in Wadi El Natrun (the Nitrian Desert), Beheira Governorate, Egypt.
Tahpanhes (also transliterated Tahapanes or Tehaphnehes; known by the Ancient Greeks as the (Pelusian) Daphnae (Δάφναι αἱ Πηλούσιαι) and Taphnas (Ταφνας) in the Septuagint, now Tell Defenneh) was a city in Ancient Egypt.
Tahta (طهطا /, ALA-LC: Ṭahṭā) is a city in the Sohag Governorate of Upper Egypt.
Tanis (ϫⲁⲛⲓ/ϫⲁⲁⲛⲉ; Τάνις; ḏˁn.t /ˈɟuʕnat/ or /ˈcʼuʕnat/; صان الحجر) is a city in the north-eastern Nile Delta of Egypt.
Tanta (طنطا) is a large city in Egypt.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Thebes (Θῆβαι, Thēbai), known to the ancient Egyptians as Waset, was an ancient Egyptian city located east of the Nile about south of the Mediterranean.
Thinis or This (Egyptian: Tjenu) was the capital city of the first dynasties of ancient Egypt.
Thmuis (Greek: Θμοῦις; Tell El-Timai) is a city in Lower Egypt, located on the canal east of the Nile, between its Tanitic and Mendesian branches.
Tima (طما, ⲧⲁⲙⲙⲁ) is a city in the Sohag Governorate of Upper Egypt.
A titular bishop in various churches is a bishop who is not in charge of a diocese.
A titular see in various churches is an episcopal see of a former diocese that no longer functions, sometimes called a "dead diocese".
Tjebu or Djew-Qa, was an ancient Egyptian city located on the eastern bank of the Nile in what is now Sohag Governorate, Egypt.
Tocra, Taucheira, Tukrah or El Agouriya, is a town on the coast of the Marj District in the Cyrenaica region of northeastern Libya, founded by Cyrene.
Tora (طرة) was a site in ancient Egypt, located about halfway between modern Cairo and Helwan.
Toukh is a city located in al-Qalyubia Governorate, Egypt.
Toulon (Provençal: Tolon (classical norm), Touloun (Mistralian norm)) is a city in southern France and a large military harbour on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base.
Tripolitania or Tripolitana (طرابلس, Berber: Ṭrables, from Vulgar Latin *Trapoletanius, from Latin Regio Tripolitana, from Greek Τριπολιτάνια) is a historic region and former province of Libya.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Upper Egypt (صعيد مصر, shortened to الصعيد) is the strip of land on both sides of the Nile that extends between Nubia and downriver (northwards) to Lower Egypt.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
A vicar (Latin: vicarius) is a representative, deputy or substitute; anyone acting "in the person of" or agent for a superior (compare "vicarious" in the sense of "at second hand").
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Wadi El Natrun (Arabic for "Natron Valley"; Ϣⲓϩⲏⲧ Šihēt "Measure of the Hearts", Σκῆτις or Σκήτη) is a valley located in Beheira Governorate, Egypt, including a town with the same name.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
The Coptic White Monastery is a Coptic Orthodox monastery named after Saint Shenouda the Archimandrite.
Xois (سخا, Ξόις, ⲥϦⲱⲟⲩ Strabo xvii. p, 802; Ptol. iv. 5. § 50; Ξόης, Steph. B. s. v.) was a town of great antiquity and considerable size.
Zagazig (الزقازيق, rural) is a city in Lower Egypt.
Coptic synod, Holy Synod of the Coptic Church, Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria, List of Coptic bishops, List of Coptic dioceses, List of Coptic sees, The Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Church, The Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria.