306 relations: ABC News, Active ingredient, Adverse effect, Advertising Standards Authority (United Kingdom), Allergic rhinitis, Allopathic medicine, Alternative medicine, American Academy of Clinical Toxicology, American Association of Poison Control Centers, American Broadcasting Company, American College of Medical Toxicology, American Medical Association, American Physical Society, Angina, Anosmia, Anthony Campbell (physician), Appeal to nature, Arsenic poisoning, Arsenicum album, Arthralgia, Avogadro constant, Axiom, Bach flower remedies, Basophil, BBC, BBC News, BBC Television, Ben Goldacre, Biological activity, Biological plausibility, BioMed Central, Blinded experiment, Bloodletting, Boiron, Bookbinding, Bristol Homeopathic Hospital, Bruce Hood (psychologist), Calendula officinalis, California Institute of Technology, Cancer, Cataract, CBC News, Center for Inquiry, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Central Council of Homoeopathy, Central nervous system, Change.org, Chaos theory, Chemotherapy, Cherry picking, ..., Cholera, Choosing Wisely, Cinchona, Class action, Clinical study design, Clinical trial, CNNMoney, Cochrane (organisation), Cochrane Library, Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, Committee of Advertising Practice, Complementary Medicine Evaluation Programme, Constantine Hering, Consumers Union, Creighton University, Delayed onset muscle soreness, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Department of Health and Social Care, Dermatitis, Diamond, Diarrhea, Disease, Doctor–patient relationship, Dorling Kindersley, Dose–response relationship, Dresden, Drop (unit), Ecchymosis, Edema, Edward Bach, Edzard Ernst, Efficacy, Enzyme, Epilepsy, Erica Johnson, Evidence-based medicine, Faculty of Homeopathy, FDA warning letter, Federal Council (Switzerland), Federal Court of Australia, Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, Federal Trade Commission, Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Fibromyalgia, Food and Drug Administration, Fringe science, Galphimia, Genetics, George Vithoulkas, Good Thinking Society, Government Chief Scientific Adviser (United Kingdom), Government of India, Government Office for Science, Grain, Granite, HarperCollins, Healing, Hearing loss, Heroic medicine, Hippocrates, Histamine, HIV, Homeopathic dilutions, Homeopathy, Homeopathy and Its Kindred Delusions, Homeopathy Plus!, Horizon (UK TV series), Hormesis, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, Humorism, Hypothesis, Influenza, Inserm, Insomnia, Irritable bowel syndrome, Jacques Benveniste, James Randi, James Randi Educational Foundation, James Tyler Kent, James Young Simpson, Jaundice, John Beddington, John Forbes (physician), John Ioannidis, John Maddox, John Stossel, Johns Hopkins University Press, Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, Journal of the American Dental Association, Kent, Kerala, Lachesis (genus), Lachesis muta, Lactose, Lake Geneva, Latin, Law of mass action, Leipzig, List of Latin phrases (S), List of topics characterized as pseudoscience, Logarithmic scale, Luffa operculata, Luxembourg, Malaria, Mandrake, Mario Raviglione, Mark Walport, Marketplace (TV series), Materia medica, Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, Merseyside Skeptics Society, Meta-analysis, Methodology, Michael Baum, Migraine, Ministry of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Molecule, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, National Council Against Health Fraud, National Health and Medical Research Council, National Health Service, National Health Service (England), National Institute of Homoeopathy, National Institutes of Health, Nature (journal), Nazism, New Age, New Drug Application, New York (state), Newsnight, Newsweek, NHS England, NHS treatments blacklist, Nitroglycerin, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Null hypothesis, Null result, Observable universe, Observational study, Odds ratio, Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr., Oncology, Opium, Oscillococcinum, Osteoarthritis, Oxford University Press, Paracelsus, Pathology, Penicillin, Peter Fisher (physician), Pharmacist, Pharmacology, Picosecond, Placebo, Plasmodium falciparum, Platinum, Postpartum bleeding, Prometheus Books, Pseudoscience, Publication bias, Pus, Quackery, Quackwatch, Quantum entanglement, Quantum nonlocality, Quantum state, Quantum superposition, Queen Victoria, Quinine, Radiation therapy, Radionics, Regression toward the mean, Reporting bias, Robert L. Park, Royal S. Copeland, RT (TV network), Russian Academy of Sciences, Sally Davies (doctor), Sample size determination, Samuel Hahnemann, Scabies, Scientific law, Scientific literacy, Scientific misconduct, Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, Selection bias, Self-experimentation, Simon & Schuster, Skeptical Inquirer, Society for Scientific Exploration, Sodium chloride, Southwestern Oklahoma State University, Spirituality, Statistical significance, Statistics, Stephen Barrett, Subjunctive mood, Sulfur, Sunlight, Switzerland, Symptomatic treatment, Syphilis, Systematic review, TED (conference), The American Journal of Medicine, The Canberra Times, The Daily Telegraph, The Daily Telegraph (Sydney), The Guardian, The Independent, The Lancet, The New York Times, The Organon of the Healing Art, The Times, The Washington Post, Theory of relativity, Theriac, Thyroid hormones, Time (magazine), Trading Standards, Trick or Treatment?, Trituration, Tuberculosis, United Kingdom, United States, United States Geological Survey, United States Senate, University College London, University Grants Commission (India), University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, University of Barcelona, University of Kassel, University of Toronto, University of Valencia, Vaccine, Vaccine controversies, Veterinary Record, Veterinary surgery, Vitalism, Walter Sullivan (journalist), Watchman Fellowship, Water, Water memory, White blood cell, William Cullen, William T. Jarvis, World Health Organization, X-ray, Zicam, Zinc acetate, Zinc gluconate, 10:23 Campaign, 20/20 (U.S. TV series). Expand index (256 more) » « Shrink index
ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
An active ingredient (AI) is the ingredient in a pharmaceutical drug that is biologically active.
In medicine, an adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.
The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) is the self-regulatory organisation of the advertising industry in the United Kingdom.
Allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, is a type of inflammation in the nose which occurs when the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air.
Allopathic medicine is an expression commonly used to refer to modern scientific systems of medicine, such as the use of pharmacologically active agents or physical interventions to treat or suppress symptoms or pathophysiologic processes of diseases or conditions, by proponents of alternative medicine.
Alternative medicine, fringe medicine, pseudomedicine or simply questionable medicine is the use and promotion of practices which are unproven, disproven, impossible to prove, or excessively harmful in relation to their effect — in the attempt to achieve the healing effects of medicine.--> --> --> They differ from experimental medicine in that the latter employs responsible investigation, and accepts results that show it to be ineffective. The scientific consensus is that alternative therapies either do not, or cannot, work. In some cases laws of nature are violated by their basic claims; in some the treatment is so much worse that its use is unethical. Alternative practices, products, and therapies range from only ineffective to having known harmful and toxic effects.--> Alternative therapies may be credited for perceived improvement through placebo effects, decreased use or effect of medical treatment (and therefore either decreased side effects; or nocebo effects towards standard treatment),--> or the natural course of the condition or disease. Alternative treatment is not the same as experimental treatment or traditional medicine, although both can be misused in ways that are alternative. Alternative or complementary medicine is dangerous because it may discourage people from getting the best possible treatment, and may lead to a false understanding of the body and of science.-->---> Alternative medicine is used by a significant number of people, though its popularity is often overstated.--> Large amounts of funding go to testing alternative medicine, with more than US$2.5 billion spent by the United States government alone.--> Almost none show any effect beyond that of false treatment,--> and most studies showing any effect have been statistical flukes. Alternative medicine is a highly profitable industry, with a strong lobby. This fact is often overlooked by media or intentionally kept hidden, with alternative practice being portrayed positively when compared to "big pharma". --> The lobby has successfully pushed for alternative therapies to be subject to far less regulation than conventional medicine.--> Alternative therapies may even be allowed to promote use when there is demonstrably no effect, only a tradition of use. Regulation and licensing of alternative medicine and health care providers varies between and within countries. Despite laws making it illegal to market or promote alternative therapies for use in cancer treatment, many practitioners promote them.--> Alternative medicine is criticized for taking advantage of the weakest members of society.--! Terminology has shifted over time, reflecting the preferred branding of practitioners.. Science Based Medicine--> For example, the United States National Institutes of Health department studying alternative medicine, currently named National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, was established as the Office of Alternative Medicine and was renamed the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine before obtaining its current name. Therapies are often framed as "natural" or "holistic", in apparent opposition to conventional medicine which is "artificial" and "narrow in scope", statements which are intentionally misleading. --> When used together with functional medical treatment, alternative therapies do not "complement" (improve the effect of, or mitigate the side effects of) treatment.--> Significant drug interactions caused by alternative therapies may instead negatively impact functional treatment, making it less effective, notably in cancer.--> Alternative diagnoses and treatments are not part of medicine, or of science-based curricula in medical schools, nor are they used in any practice based on scientific knowledge or experience.--> Alternative therapies are often based on religious belief, tradition, superstition, belief in supernatural energies, pseudoscience, errors in reasoning, propaganda, fraud, or lies.--> Alternative medicine is based on misleading statements, quackery, pseudoscience, antiscience, fraud, and poor scientific methodology. Promoting alternative medicine has been called dangerous and unethical.--> Testing alternative medicine that has no scientific basis has been called a waste of scarce research resources.--> Critics state that "there is really no such thing as alternative medicine, just medicine that works and medicine that doesn't",--> that the very idea of "alternative" treatments is paradoxical, as any treatment proven to work is by definition "medicine".-->.
The American Academy of Clinical Toxicology (AACT) is a non-profit multidisciplinary health association that promotes research, education, prevention, and treatment of diseases caused by chemicals.
The American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) is a national voluntary health organization founded in 1958 that represents the nation’s 55 poison centers.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
The American College of Medical Toxicology is a professional association of medical toxicologists that was founded in 1993.
The American Medical Association (AMA), founded in 1847 and incorporated in 1897, is the largest association of physicians—both MDs and DOs—and medical students in the United States.
The American Physical Society (APS) is the world's second largest organization of physicists.
Angina, also known as angina pectoris, is chest pain or pressure, usually due to not enough blood flow to the heart muscle.
Anosmia is the inability to perceive odor or a lack of functioning olfaction—the loss of the sense of smell.
Anthony Campbell, M.D., is a retired British physician, homeopath, acupuncturist and author.
An appeal to nature is an argument or rhetorical tactic in which it is proposed that "a thing is good because it is 'natural', or bad because it is 'unnatural.
Arsenic poisoning is a medical condition that occurs due to elevated levels of arsenic in the body.
In homeopathy, arsenicum album (Arsen. alb.) is a solution prepared by diluting aqueous arsenic trioxide generally until there is little or no arsenic remaining in the solution.
Arthralgia (from Greek arthro-, joint + -algos, pain) literally means joint pain; it is a symptom of injury, infection, illnesses (in particular arthritis) or an allergic reaction to medication.
In chemistry and physics, the Avogadro constant (named after scientist Amedeo Avogadro) is the number of constituent particles, usually atoms or molecules, that are contained in the amount of substance given by one mole.
An axiom or postulate is a statement that is taken to be true, to serve as a premise or starting point for further reasoning and arguments.
Bach flower remedies (BFRs) are solutions of brandy and water—the water containing extreme dilutions of flower material developed by Edward Bach, an English homeopath, in the 1930s.
Basophils are a type of white blood cells.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC Television is a service of the British Broadcasting Corporation.
Ben Michael Goldacre (born 20 May 1974) is a British physician, academic and science writer.
In pharmacology, biological activity or pharmacological activity describes the beneficial or adverse effects of a drug on living matter.
In epidemiology and biomedicine, the term biological plausibility refers to the proposal of a causal association — a relationship between a putative cause and an outcome — that is consistent with existing biological and medical knowledge.
BioMed Central (BMC) is a United Kingdom-based, for-profit scientific open access publisher.
A blind or blinded-experiment is an experiment in which information about the test is masked (kept) from the participant, to reduce or eliminate bias, until after a trial outcome is known.
Bloodletting (or blood-letting) is the withdrawal of blood from a patient to prevent or cure illness and disease.
Boiron is a manufacturer of homeopathic products, headquartered in France and with an operating presence in 59 countries worldwide.
Bookbinding is the process of physically assembling a book of codex format from an ordered stack of paper sheets that are folded together into sections or sometimes left as a stack of individual sheets.
Bristol Homeopathic Hospital was a hospital in the city of Bristol in south-west England, specializing in homeopathic treatments.
Bruce MacFarlane Hood is a Canadian-born British experimental psychologist who specialises in developmental cognitive neuroscience.
Calendula officinalis, the pot marigold, ruddles, common marigold or Scotch marigold, is a plant in the genus Calendula of the family Asteraceae.
The California Institute of Technology (abbreviated Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such as.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye which leads to a decrease in vision.
CBC News is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the news gathering and production of news programs on the corporation's English-language operations, namely CBC Television, CBC Radio, CBC News Network, and CBC.ca.
The Center for Inquiry (CFI) is a nonprofit educational organization.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH) is a statutory apex body under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Department of AYUSH.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
Change.org is a petition website operated by for-profit Change.org, Inc., an American certified B corporation which claims to have over 100 million users and hosts sponsored campaigns for organizations. The company is headquartered in San Francisco, California. The website serves to facilitate petitions by the general public. Corporations including Virgin America, and organizations such as Amnesty International and the Humane Society, pay the site to host and promote their petitions. Change.org's stated mission is to "empower people everywhere to create the change they want to see." Popular topics of Change.org petitions are economic and criminal justice, human rights, education, environmental protection, animals rights, health, and sustainable food.
Chaos theory is a branch of mathematics focusing on the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
Cherry picking, suppressing evidence, or the fallacy of incomplete evidence is the act of pointing to individual cases or data that seem to confirm a particular position while ignoring a significant portion of related cases or data that may contradict that position.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Choosing Wisely is a United States-based health educational campaign, led by the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM).
Cinchona is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs.
A class action, class suit, or representative action is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is a group of people who are represented collectively by a member of that group.
Clinical study design is the formulation of trials and experiments, as well as observational studies in medical, clinical and other types of research (e.g., epidemiological) involving human beings.
Clinical trials are experiments or observations done in clinical research.
CNNMoney.com is a financial news and information website, operated by CNN.
Cochrane is a non-profit, non-governmental organization formed to organize medical research findings so as to facilitate evidence-based choices about health interventions faced by health professionals, patients, and policy makers.
The Cochrane Library (named after Archie Cochrane) is a collection of databases in medicine and other healthcare specialties provided by Cochrane and other organizations.
The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI), formerly known as the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP), is a program within the transnational American non-profit educational organization Center for Inquiry (CFI), which seeks to "promote scientific inquiry, critical investigation, and the use of reason in examining controversial and extraordinary claims." Paul Kurtz proposed the establishment of CSICOP in 1976 as an independent non-profit organization (before merging with CFI as one of its programs in 2015), to counter what he regarded as an uncritical acceptance of, and support for, paranormal claims by both the media and society in general.
The Committee of Advertising Practice (CAP) is the sister organisation of, and is administered by, the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA).
In 1998, the Swiss government began a comprehensive Program for Evaluating Complementary Medicine (PEK: Programm Evaluation Komplementärmedizin.
Constantine J. Hering (January 1, 1800 – July 23, 1880) was an early pioneer of homeopathy in the United States.
Consumers Union (CU) is a United States-based non-profit organization focusing on product testing, investigative journalism, and consumer advocacy.
Creighton University is a private, coeducational, Jesuit, Roman Catholic university in Omaha, Nebraska, United States.
Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is the pain and stiffness felt in muscles several hours to days after unaccustomed or strenuous exercise.
The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is the government department responsible for environmental protection, food production and standards, agriculture, fisheries and rural communities in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) is a department of Her Majesty's Government, responsible for government policy on health and adult social care matters in England, along with a few elements of the same matters which are not otherwise devolved to the Scottish Government, Welsh Government or Northern Ireland Executive.
Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin.
Diamond is a solid form of carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
The doctor–patient relationship is a central part of health care and the practice of medicine.
Dorling Kindersley (DK) is a British multinational publishing company specializing in illustrated reference books for adults and children in 62 languages.
The dose–response relationship, or exposure–response relationship, describes the change in effect on an organism caused by differing levels of exposure (or doses) to a stressor (usually a chemical) after a certain exposure time, or to a food.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
The drop is an approximated unit of measure of volume, the amount dispensed as one drop from a dropper or drip chamber.
An ecchymosis is a subcutaneous spot of bleeding (from extravasation of blood) with diameter larger than.
Edema, also spelled oedema or œdema, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain.
Edward Bach (24 September 1886 – 27 November 1936) was an English doctor, homeopath, bacteriologist and spiritual writer, best known for developing a range of remedies called the Bach flower remedies, a form of alternative medicine inspired by classical homeopathic traditions.
Edzard Ernst (born 30 January 1948) is an academic physician and researcher specializing in the study of complementary and alternative medicine.
Efficacy is the ability to get a job done satisfactorily.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic seizures.
Erica Johnson (born in Vancouver, British Columbia) is an award winning Canadian broadcast journalist who currently hosts the TV series Go Public and formerly hosted Marketplace on the CBC. A graduate of Ryerson University in Toronto, Johnson began her journalism career in radio in 1987, working at several private radio stations, including Vancouver's CKO and Toronto's CFRB.
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an approach to medical practice intended to optimize decision-making by emphasizing the use of evidence from well-designed and well-conducted research.
The Faculty of Homeopathy was formed in 1944 from the British Homeopathic Society (founded in 1843).
An FDA warning letter is an official message from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to a manufacturer or other organization that has violated some rule in a federally regulated activity.
The Federal Council is the seven-member executive council which constitutes the federal government of the Swiss Confederation and serves as the collective executive head of government and state of Switzerland.
The Federal Court of Australia is an Australian superior court of record which has jurisdiction to deal with most civil disputes governed by federal law (with the exception of family law matters), along with some summary (less serious) criminal matters.
The United States Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (abbreviated as FFDCA, FDCA, or FD&C), is a set of laws passed by Congress in 1938 giving authority to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to oversee the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics.
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
The Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914 established the Federal Trade Commission.
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, abbreviated FASEB, is a non-profit organization that is the principal umbrella organization of U.S. societies in the field of biological and medical research.
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a medical condition characterised by chronic widespread pain and a heightened pain response to pressure.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
Fringe science is an inquiry in an established field of study which departs significantly from mainstream theories in that field and is considered to be questionable by the mainstream.
Galphimia is a genus in the Malpighiaceae, a family of about 75 genera of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales; the name is an anagram of Malpighia. Galphimia comprises 26 species of large herbs, shrubs, and treelets.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
George Vithoulkas (Γιώργος Βυθούλκας) (born 25 July 1932 in Athens) is a Greek teacher and practitioner of homeopathy.
The Good Thinking Society is a nonprofit organisation promoting scientific scepticism established by Simon Singh in September 2012.
The UK Government Chief Scientific Adviser (GCSA) is the personal adviser on science and technology-related activities and policies to the Prime Minister and the Cabinet; and head of the Government Office for Science.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
The Government Office for Science is part of the British government.
A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.
Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Healing (literally meaning to make whole) is the process of the restoration of health from an unbalanced, diseased or damaged organism.
Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.
Heroic medicine, also referred to as heroic depletion theory, was a therapeutic method advocating for rigorous treatment of bloodletting, purging, and sweating to shock the body back to health after an illness caused by a humoral imbalance.
Hippocrates of Kos (Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.
Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses, as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter for the brain, spinal cord, and uterus.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
In homeopathy, homeopathic dilution (known by practitioners as "dynamisation" or "potentisation") is a process in which a substance is diluted with alcohol or distilled water and then vigorously shaken in a process called "succussion".
Homeopathy or homœopathy is a system of alternative medicine developed in 1796 by Samuel Hahnemann, based on his doctrine of like cures like (similia similibus curentur), a claim that a substance that causes the symptoms of a disease in healthy people would cure similar symptoms in sick people.
Homœopathy and Its Kindred Delusions is a work by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., based upon two lectures he gave in 1842, Medical Delusions and Homœopathy.
Homeopathy Plus! is an Australian company run by homeopath Fran Sheffield in Tuggerah, New South Wales.
Horizon is an ongoing and long-running British documentary television series on BBC that covers science and philosophy.
Hormesis is any process in a cell or organism that exhibits a response to exposure to increasing amounts of a substance or condition.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Humorism, or humoralism, was a system of medicine detailing the makeup and workings of the human body, adopted by Ancient Greek and Roman physicians and philosophers, positing that an excess or deficiency of any of four distinct bodily fluids in a person—known as humors or humours—directly influences their temperament and health.
A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
The Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (Inserm) is the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research.
Insomnia, also known as sleeplessness, is a sleep disorder where people have trouble sleeping.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage.
Jacques Benveniste (12 March 1935 – 3 October 2004) was a French immunologist, born in Paris.
James Randi (born Randall James Hamilton Zwinge; August 7, 1928) is a Canadian-American retired stage magician and a scientific skeptic who has extensively challenged paranormal and pseudoscientific claims.
The James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF) is an American grant-making foundation.
James Tyler Kent (1849–1916) was an American physician best remembered as a forefather of modern homeopathy.
Sir James Young Simpson, 1st Baronet (7 June 1811 – 6 May 1870) was a Scottish obstetrician and a significant figure in the history of medicine.
Jaundice, also known as icterus, is a yellowish or greenish pigmentation of the skin and whites of the eyes due to high bilirubin levels.
Sir John Rex Beddington, HonFREng, CMG, FRS, FRSE (born 13 October 1945) is Senior Adviser at the Oxford Martin School, and was previously Professor of Applied Population Biology at Imperial College London, and the UK Government Chief Scientific Adviser from 2008 until 2013.
Sir John Forbes FRCP FRS (17 December 1787 – 13 November 1861) was a distinguished Scottish physician, famous for his translation of the classic French medical text De L'Auscultation Mediate by René Laennec, the inventor of the stethoscope.
John P. A. Ioannidis (born August 21, 1965 in New York City) is a Professor of Medicine and of Health Research and Policy at Stanford University School of Medicine and a Professor of Statistics at Stanford University School of Humanities and Sciences.
Sir John Royden Maddox, FRS (27 November 1925 – 12 April 2009) was a British biologist and science writer.
John Frank Stossel (born March 6, 1947) is an American consumer television personality, author, and libertarian pundit, known for his career on both ABC News and Fox Business Channel.
The Johns Hopkins University Press (also referred to as JHU Press or JHUP) is the publishing division of Johns Hopkins University.
The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering alternative medicine published by Mary Ann Liebert.
The Journal of the American Dental Association is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal on dentistry published by the American Dental Association.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Lachesis is a genus of venomous pit vipers found in forested areas of Central and South America.
Lachesis muta is a venomous pit viper species found in South America (including the island of Trinidad in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago).
Lactose is a disaccharide.
Lake Geneva (le lac Léman or le Léman, sometimes le lac de Genève, Genfersee) is a lake on the north side of the Alps, shared between Switzerland and France.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
In chemistry, the law of mass action is the proposition that the rate of a chemical reaction is directly proportional to the product of the activities or concentrations of the reactants.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
This is a list of topics that have, at one point or another in their history, been characterized as pseudoscience by academics or researchers.
A logarithmic scale is a nonlinear scale used when there is a large range of quantities.
Luffa operculata (common name, sponge cucumber, wild loofa or mướp xơ in Vietnamese) is a species of Luffa.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.
A mandrake is the root of a plant, historically derived either from plants of the genus Mandragora found in the Mediterranean region, or from other species, such as Bryonia alba, the English mandrake, which have similar properties.
Mario C. Raviglione is Professor at the University of Milan, Italy, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, where he directs the new Centre of Global Health aiming at pursuing didactic, research, policy analysis and communication in the field.
Sir Mark Jeremy Walport HonFRSE (born 25 January 1953) is a medical scientist and the Government Chief Scientific Adviser in the United Kingdom from 2013 to 2017.
CBC Marketplace is an award-winning Canadian television series, broadcast on CBC Television since 1972.
Materia medica (medical material/substance) is a Latin term for the body of collected knowledge about the therapeutic properties of any substance used for healing (i.e., medicines).
The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) is an executive agency of the Department of Health and Social Care in the United Kingdom which is responsible for ensuring that medicines and medical devices work and are acceptably safe.
The Merseyside Skeptics Society (MSS) is a nonprofit organisation that promotes scientific skepticism in Merseyside and the United Kingdom.
A meta-analysis is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.
Methodology is the systematic, theoretical analysis of the methods applied to a field of study.
Michael Baum (born 1937), Professor Emeritus of Surgery and visiting Professor of Medical Humanities in University College London (UCL), is a British surgical oncologist who specialises in breast cancer treatment.
A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe.
The Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy, abbreviated as AYUSH, is a governmental body in India purposed with developing, education and research in ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine), yoga, naturopathy, unani, siddha, homoeopathy, Sowa Rigpa (Traditional Tibetan medicine) and other Indigenous medicine systems.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is an Indian government ministry charged with health policy in India.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) is a United States government agency which explores complementary and alternative medicine (CAM).
The National Council Against Health Fraud (NCAHF) was a not-for-profit, US-based organization, run by Dr.
The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) is Australia's peak funding body for medical research, with a budget of roughly $900 million a year.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the publicly funded national healthcare system for England and one of the four National Health Services for each constituent country of the United Kingdom.
National Institute of Homeopathy (NIH) is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
New Age is a term applied to a range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in Western nations during the 1970s.
The Food and Drug Administration's New Drug Application (NDA) is the vehicle in the United States through which drug sponsors formally propose that the FDA approve a new pharmaceutical for sale and marketing.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
Newsnight is a weekday BBC Television current affairs programme which specialises in analysis and often robust cross-examination of senior politicians.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
NHS England is an executive non-departmental public body (NDPB) of the Department of Health and Social Care.
The NHS has produced lists of procedures of limited clinical effectiveness for many years, advising that they should not be carried out except in exceptional cases.
Nitroglycerin (NG), also known as nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin (TNG), trinitroglycerine, nitro, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), or 1,2,3-trinitroxypropane, is a heavy, colorless, oily, explosive liquid most commonly produced by nitrating glycerol with white fuming nitric acid under conditions appropriate to the formation of the nitric acid ester.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a physical phenomenon in which nuclei in a magnetic field absorb and re-emit electromagnetic radiation.
In inferential statistics, the term "null hypothesis" is a general statement or default position that there is no relationship between two measured phenomena, or no association among groups.
In science, a null result is a result without the expected content: that is, the proposed result is absent.
The observable universe is a spherical region of the Universe comprising all matter that can be observed from Earth at the present time, because electromagnetic radiation from these objects has had time to reach Earth since the beginning of the cosmological expansion.
In fields such as epidemiology, social sciences, psychology and statistics, an observational study draws inferences from a sample to a population where the independent variable is not under the control of the researcher because of ethical concerns or logistical constraints.
In statistics, the odds ratio (OR) is one of three main ways to quantify how strongly the presence or absence of property A is associated with the presence or absence of property B in a given population.
Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. (August 29, 1809 – October 7, 1894) was an American physician, poet, and polymath based in Boston.
Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.
Opium (poppy tears, with the scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy (scientific name: Papaver somniferum).
Oscillococcinum (or Oscillo) is a homeopathic preparation marketed to relieve influenza-like symptoms.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Paracelsus (1493/4 – 24 September 1541), born Theophrastus von Hohenheim (full name Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim), was a Swiss physician, alchemist, and astrologer of the German Renaissance.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Penicillin (PCN or pen) is a group of antibiotics which include penicillin G (intravenous use), penicillin V (use by mouth), procaine penicillin, and benzathine penicillin (intramuscular use).
Peter Antony Goodwin Fisher, FRCP (born 1950), is a prominent figure in the international homeopathic community.
Pharmacists, also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists (North American and, archaically, Commonwealth English), are health professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use.
Pharmacology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of drug action, where a drug can be broadly defined as any man-made, natural, or endogenous (from within body) molecule which exerts a biochemical or physiological effect on the cell, tissue, organ, or organism (sometimes the word pharmacon is used as a term to encompass these endogenous and exogenous bioactive species).
A picosecond is an SI unit of time equal to 10−12 or 1/1,000,000,000,000 (one trillionth) of a second.
A placebo is a substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.
Plasmodium falciparum is a unicellular protozoan parasite of humans, and the deadliest species of Plasmodium that cause malaria in humans.
Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.
Postpartum bleeding or postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is often defined as the loss of more than 500 ml or 1,000 ml of blood within the first 24 hours following childbirth.
Prometheus Books is a publishing company founded in August 1969 by the philosopher Paul Kurtz (who was also the founder of the Council for Secular Humanism, Center for Inquiry, and co-founder of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry).
Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be both scientific and factual, but are incompatible with the scientific method.
Publication bias is a type of bias that occurs in published academic research.
Pus is an exudate, typically white-yellow, yellow, or yellow-brown, formed at the site of inflammation during bacterial or fungal infection.
Quackery or health fraud is the promotion of fraudulent or ignorant medical practices.
Quackwatch is a United States-based network of people founded by Stephen Barrett, which aims to "combat health-related frauds, myths, fads, fallacies, and misconduct" and to focus on "quackery-related information that is difficult or impossible to get elsewhere".
Quantum entanglement is a physical phenomenon which occurs when pairs or groups of particles are generated, interact, or share spatial proximity in ways such that the quantum state of each particle cannot be described independently of the state of the other(s), even when the particles are separated by a large distance—instead, a quantum state must be described for the system as a whole.
In theoretical physics, quantum nonlocality most commonly refers to the phenomenon by which measurements made at a microscopic level contradict a collection of notions known as local realism that are regarded as intuitively true in classical mechanics.
In quantum physics, quantum state refers to the state of an isolated quantum system.
Quantum superposition is a fundamental principle of quantum mechanics.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Quinine is a medication used to treat malaria and babesiosis.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.
Radionics (also called electromagnetic therapy (EMT)) is a form of alternative medicine that claims disease can be diagnosed and treated by applying electromagnetic radiation (EMR), such as radio waves, to the body from an electrically powered device.
In statistics, regression toward (or to) the mean is the phenomenon that if a variable is extreme on its first measurement, it will tend to be closer to the average on its second measurement—and if it is extreme on its second measurement, it will tend to have been closer to the average on its first.
In epidemiology, reporting bias is defined as "selective revealing or suppression of information" by subjects (for example about past medical history, smoking, sexual experiences).
Robert Lee Park (born January 16, 1931) is an American emeritus professor of physics at the University of Maryland, College Park, and a former director of public information at the Washington office of the American Physical Society.
Royal Samuel Copeland (November 7, 1868June 17, 1938), a United States Senator from New York from 1923 until 1938, was an academic, homeopathic physician, and politician.
RT (formerly Russia Today) is a Russian international television network funded by the Russian government.
The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS; Росси́йская акаде́мия нау́к (РАН) Rossíiskaya akadémiya naúk) consists of the national academy of Russia; a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation; and additional scientific and social units such as libraries, publishing units, and hospitals.
Professor Dame Sally Claire Davies, DBE, FMedSci, FRS (born 24 November 1949) is the Chief Medical Officer for England.
Sample size determination is the act of choosing the number of observations or replicates to include in a statistical sample.
Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (10 April 1755 – 2 July 1843) was a German physician, freemason best known for creating the system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.
Scabies, also known as the seven-year itch, is a contagious skin infestation by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei.
A scientific law is a statement based on repeated experimental observations that describes some aspect of the universe.
Scientific literacy or Science literacy encompasses written, numerical, and digital literacy as they pertain to understanding science, its methodology, observations, and theories.
Scientific misconduct is the violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior in the publication of professional scientific research.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Health and Social Care (Secretary of State for Health until 8 January 2018) is a UK cabinet position responsible for the National Health Service (NHS).
Selection bias is the bias introduced by the selection of individuals, groups or data for analysis in such a way that proper randomization is not achieved, thereby ensuring that the sample obtained is not representative of the population intended to be analyzed.
Self-experimentation refers to the special case of single-subject research in which the experimenter conducts the experiment on themself.
Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.
Skeptical Inquirer is a bimonthly American magazine published by the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI) with the subtitle: The Magazine for Science and Reason.
The Society for Scientific Exploration, or SSE, is a group committed to studying fringe science.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Southwestern Oklahoma State University (SWOSU) is a public university in Weatherford and Sayre, Oklahoma.
Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.
In statistical hypothesis testing, a result has statistical significance when it is very unlikely to have occurred given the null hypothesis.
Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.
Stephen Joel Barrett (born 1933) is an American retired psychiatrist, author, co-founder of the National Council Against Health Fraud (NCAHF), and the webmaster of Quackwatch.
The subjunctive is a grammatical mood (that is, a way of speaking that allows people to express their attitude toward what they are saying) found in many languages.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Sunlight is a portion of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun, in particular infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Symptomatic treatment is any medical therapy of a disease that only affects its symptoms, not its cause, i.e., its etiology.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.
Systematic reviews are a type of literature review that uses systematic methods to collect secondary data, critically appraise research studies, and synthesize studies.
TED Conferences, LLC (Technology, Entertainment, Design) is a media organization that posts talks online for free distribution, under the slogan "ideas worth spreading".
The American Journal of Medicine is a peer-reviewed medical journal and the official journal of the Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine.
The Canberra Times is a daily newspaper, published by Fairfax Media in Canberra.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Daily Telegraph is an Australian daily tabloid newspaper published in Sydney, New South Wales, by Nationwide News Limited, a division of News Corp Australia, formerly News Limited.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Organon of the Art of Healing (Organon der rationellen Heilkunde) by Samuel Hahnemann, 1810, laid out the doctrine of his ideas of homeopathy.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The theory of relativity usually encompasses two interrelated theories by Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity.
Theriac or theriaca was a medical concoction originally formulated by the Greeks in the 1st century AD and widely adopted in the ancient world as far away as China and India via the trading links of the Silk Route.
Thyroid hormones are two hormones produced and released by the thyroid gland, namely triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
In the United Kingdom, Trading Standards are the local authority departments, formerly known as Weights and Measures, that enforce consumer protection legislation.
Trick or Treatment? Alternative Medicine on Trial (North American title: Trick or Treatment: The Undeniable Facts about Alternative Medicine) is a 2008 book about alternative medicine by Simon Singh and Edzard Ernst.
Trituration is the name of several different methods used to process materials.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS, formerly simply Geological Survey) is a scientific agency of the United States government.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The University Grants Commission of India (UGC India) is a statutory body set up by the Indian Union government in accordance to the UGC Act 1956 under Ministry of Human Resource Development, and is charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education.
The University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust runs Bristol Royal Infirmary and Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol Eye Hospital, South Bristol Community Hospital, Bristol Haematology and Oncology Centre, St Michael's Hospital and the University of Bristol Dental Hospital, in Bristol, England.
The University of Barcelona (Universitat de Barcelona, UB;; Universidad de Barcelona) is a public university located in the city of Barcelona, Catalonia in Spain.
The University of Kassel (Universität Kassel) is a university founded in 1971 located in Kassel, Hesse, in Germany.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
The University of Valencia (Universitat de València; also known by the acronym UV) is a university located in the Spanish city of Valencia.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
Vaccine controversies have occurred since almost 80 years before the terms vaccine and vaccination were introduced, and continue to this day.
Veterinary Record is a peer-reviewed scientific journal in the field of veterinary medicine.
Veterinary surgery is surgery performed on animals by veterinarians, whereby the procedures fall into three broad categories: orthopaedics (bones, joints, muscles), soft tissue surgery (skin, body cavities, cardiovascular system, GI/urogenital/respiratory tracts), and neurosurgery. Advanced surgical procedures such as joint replacement (total hip, knee and elbow replacement), fracture repair, stabilization of cranial cruciate ligament deficiency, oncologic (cancer) surgery, herniated disc treatment, complicated gastrointestinal or urogenital procedures, kidney transplant, skin grafts, complicated wound management, minimally invasive procedures (arthroscopy, laparoscopy, thoracoscopy) are performed by veterinary surgeons (as registered in their jurisdiction). Most general practice veterinarians perform routine surgery, some also perform additional procedures. The goal of veterinary surgery may be quite different in pets and in farm animals. In the former, the situation is more close to that with human beings, where the benefit to the patient is the important factor. In the latter, the economic benefit is more important.
Vitalism is the belief that "living organisms are fundamentally different from non-living entities because they contain some non-physical element or are governed by different principles than are inanimate things".
Walter Seager Sullivan, Jr (January 12, 1918 – March 19, 1996) was considered the "dean" of science writers.
The Watchman Fellowship is, according to its website, an independent, nondenominational Christian research and apologetics ministry focusing on new religious movements, cults, the occult and the New Age.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Water memory is the purported ability of water to retain a memory of substances previously dissolved in it even after an arbitrary number of serial dilutions.
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.
William Cullen FRS FRSE FRCPE FPSG (15 April 1710 – 5 February 1790) was a Scottish physician, chemist and agriculturalist, and one of the most important professors at the Edinburgh Medical School, during its heyday as the leading centre of medical education in the English-speaking world.
William Tyler Jarvis (October 19, 1935 - March 1, 2016), best known as William T. Jarvis was an American health educator and skeptic.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.
Zicam is a branded series of products marketed for cold and allergy relief whose original formulations included the element zinc.
Zinc acetate is a salt with the formula Zn(O2CCH3)2, which commonly occurs as the dihydrate Zn(O2CCH3)2(H2O)2.
Zinc gluconate is the zinc salt of gluconic acid.
The 10:23 Campaign is an awareness and protest campaign against homoeopathy organised by the Merseyside Skeptics Society, a non-profit organisation, to oppose the sale of homoeopathic products in the United Kingdom.
20/20 is an American television newsmagazine that has been broadcast on ABC since June 6, 1978.
50 millesimal potencies, Acunol, Anthracinum, Classical homeopathy, Classical homepathy, Clinical homeopathy, Complex homeopathy, Drug Dynamization, Drug dynamization, Eczemol, Exciting causes, Ferrum Phosphoricum, History of Homeopathy, History of homeopathy, Hoemeopathic, Homeopat, Homeopath, Homeopathic, Homeopathic Medicine, Homeopathic design, Homeopathic doctor, Homeopathic initials, Homeopathic medicine, Homeopathic preparations, Homeopathic proving, Homeopathic remedies, Homeopathic remedy, Homeopathic repertory, Homeopathic technique, Homeopathic techniques, Homeopathic treatment, Homeopathic treatments, Homeopathist, Homeopaths, Homeopathy around the world, Homeopathy techniques, Homeoprophylaxis, Homeoptahy, Homeothopy, Homepathy, Homoeopath, Homoeopathic, Homoeopathic Medicine, Homoeopathic proving, Homoeopaths, Homoeopathy, Homoepathy, Homopath, Homopathic remedies, Homopathy, Homœopathic, Homœopathy, Isopathy, Law of Similars, Law of similars, Magic water, Miasm, Miasms, Miasms in Homeopathy, Molecular dose, Nosode, Nosodes, Potentisation, Potentization, Psora-Homeopathic, Psora-Homoeopathic, Psorizide Forte, Pupulipathy, Sreevals, Succussed, Succussing, TENOTEN, Tenoten, Veterinary homeopathy, Тенотен.