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A Better Tomorrow is a 1986 Hong Kong crime film, directed by John Woo, and starring Ti Lung, Leslie Cheung and Chow Yun-fat.
ABC-CLIO, LLC is a publishing company for academic reference works and periodicals primarily on topics such as history and social sciences for educational and public library settings.
Aberdeen is an area and town on southwest Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong.
Adaptive reuse refers to the process of reusing an old site or building for a purpose other than which it was built or designed for.
The AFC Asian Cup is an international association football tournament run by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC).
The Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (formerly the Agriculture and Fisheries Department before 2000, of the Hong Kong Government is responsible for agriculture and fisheries in Hong Kong, conservation projects and issues, and managing the country parks and special areas. It reports to the Secretary for Health, Welfare and Food and Secretary for the Environment, Transport and Works (Secretary for Economic Services before 2000).
Air Hong Kong is an all-cargo airline based in Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong, with its main hub at Hong Kong International Airport.
Air pollution in Hong Kong is considered a serious problem.
The Airport Authority Hong Kong (abbreviated as AA or AAHK) (abbreviated as 機管局) is the statutory body (governed by the Airport Authority Ordinance (Cap. 483)) of the government of Hong Kong that is responsible for the operations of the Hong Kong International Airport.
The Airport Express is one of the lines of the Hong Kong MTR system.
Airports Council International (ACI) is the only global trade representative of the world’s airport authorities.
Akamai Technologies, Inc. is an American content delivery network (CDN) and cloud service provider headquartered in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the United States.
Alan Tam Wing-lun MH (born 23 August 1950) is a Hong Kong singer and actor.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
There were estimated to be 60,000 Americans in Hong Kong.
Analog television or analogue television is the original television technology that uses analog signals to transmit video and audio.
Andrew Leung Kwan-yuen, GBS, JP (born 24 February 1951) is the current President of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (Legco), representing the Industrial (First) functional constituency.
Andy Lau Tak-wah, BBS, MH, JPFocus Film.
An anemometer is a device used for measuring the speed of wind, and is also a common weather station instrument.
Anita Mui Yim-fong (10 October 1963 – 30 December 2003) was a Hong Kong singer and actress making major contributions to the Cantopop music scene and receiving numerous awards and honours.
Anti-discrimination law refers to the law on the right of people to be treated equally.
The anti-Hong Kong Express Rail Link movement was a social movement and period of civil discontent in Hong Kong between mid-2009 and early 2010.
The Antiquities Advisory Board is a statutory body of the Government of Hong Kong created in 1976 to evaluate old buildings in Hong Kong, and to recommend those with historical or architectural merit for listing as monuments.
Ap Lei Chau, or Aberdeen Island, is an island of Hong Kong, located off Hong Kong Island, next to Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel, with an area of.
Apple Daily is a Hong Kong-based tabloid-style newspaper founded in 1995 by Jimmy Lai Chee Ying and is published by its company, Next Digital.
As Tears Go By is a 1988 Hong Kong action drama film that was the directorial debut of Wong Kar-wai and starred Andy Lau, Maggie Cheung and Jacky Cheung.
Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific (abbreviated as APAC, Asia-Pac, AsPac, APJ, JAPA or JAPAC) is the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean.
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies.
The Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU) was established in 1913, and has over 500 member institutions in over 50 countries across the Commonwealth.
Atradius provides trade credit insurance, surety and collections services worldwide through a presence in more than 50 countries around the globe.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
An autonomous administrative division (also referred to as an autonomous area, entity, unit, region, subdivision, or territory) is a subdivision or dependent territory of a country that has a degree of self-governance, or autonomy, from an external authority.
Avian influenza—known informally as avian flu or bird flu is a variety of influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds.
The Bagua or Pa Kua are eight symbols used in Taoist cosmology to represent the fundamental principles of reality, seen as a range of eight interrelated concepts.
The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.
The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is an international financial institution owned by central banks which "fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks".
Bank of China (Hong Kong) Limited also known as its short name Bank of China (Hong Kong), BOCHK, is a subsidiary of Bank of China (via a Hong Kong-listed intermediate holding company BOC Hong Kong (Holdings)), and the second-largest commercial banking group in Hong Kong in terms of assets and customer deposits (2008 data), with around 197 branches across Hong Kong as of end 2016.
The Bank of China Tower (abbreviated BOC Tower) is one of the most recognisable skyscrapers in Central, Hong Kong.
The Enterprise Bankruptcy Law of the People's Republic of China (trial Implementation) was first passed in 1986.
Bao'an County, formerly named Xin'an County was a historic county in South China.
The Battle of Hong Kong (8–25 December 1941), also known as the Defence of Hong Kong and the Fall of Hong Kong, was one of the first battles of the Pacific War in World War II.
The Battle of Tunmen or Tamão was a naval battle in which the Ming imperial navy defeated a Portuguese fleet led by Diogo Calvo in 1521.
The naval Battle of Yamen (also known as the Naval Battle of Mount Ya) took place on 19 March 1279 and is considered to be the last stand of the Song dynasty against the invading Mongol Yuan dynasty.
Bauhinia blakeana commonly called the Hong Kong Orchid Tree is a legume tree of the genus Bauhinia, with large thick leaves and striking purplish red flowers.
Béthanie is a historic building complex located in Pok Fu Lam, in Hong Kong built in 1875 as a sanatorium by the Paris Foreign Missions Society (Missions Étrangères de Paris).
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
The Beijing–Kowloon through train is an intercity railway service between Hung Hom Station (formerly Kowloon Station until 1998) in Hong Kong and the Beijing West railway station, jointly operated by the MTR of Hong Kong and China Railway, China's national rail service.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
Bloomberg Markets is a monthly magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. as part of Bloomberg News.
Blue House refers to a 4-storey balcony-type tenement block located at 72-74A Stone Nullah Lane, Wan Chai, Hong Kong, China.
The Book of Han or History of the Former Han is a history of China finished in 111, covering the Western, or Former Han dynasty from the first emperor in 206 BCE to the fall of Wang Mang in 23 CE.
Boundary Street is a three-lane one-way street in Kowloon, Hong Kong.
Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.
The British Consulate-General Hong Kong, located at 1 Supreme Court Road, Admiralty, Hong Kong Island, is one of the largest British Consulates-General in the world and is bigger than many British Embassies and High Commissions.
The British Council is a British organisation specialising in international cultural and educational opportunities.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
British Hong Kong was the period during which Hong Kong was under British Crown rule, from 1841 to 1997 (excluding the Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945).
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
British National (Overseas), commonly known as BN(O), is one of the major classes of British nationality under British nationality law.
British nationality law is the law of the United Kingdom which concerns citizenship and other categories of British nationality.
Britons never made up more than a small portion of the population in Hong Kong, despite Hong Kong having been under British rule for more than 150 years.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Lee Jun-fan (November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973), known professionally as Bruce Lee, was a Hong Kong and American actor, film director, martial artist, martial arts instructor, philosopher, and founder of the martial art Jeet Kune Do, one of the wushu or kungfu styles.
Bus services in Hong Kong have a long history.
Business Insider is an American financial and business news website that also operates international editions in the UK, Australia, China, Germany, France, South Africa, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nordics, Poland, Spanish and Singapore.
Cable TV Hong Kong, also known as CTVHK, CAT-TV and Hong Kong Cable, is a television network in Hong Kong owned and operated by i-CABLE Communications Limited.
The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Like their American counterparts, a significant number of Canadians live and work in Hong Kong.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
The Canton System (1757–1842) served as a means for China to control trade with the west within its own country by focusing all trade on the southern port of Canton (now Guangzhou).
The Canton–Hong Kong strike (省港大罷工) was a strike and boycott that took place in British Hong Kong and Canton (now Guangzhou), Republic of China, from June 1925 to October 1926.
The Cantonese language is a variety of Chinese spoken in the city of Guangzhou (historically known as Canton) and its surrounding area in southeastern China.
Cantonese cuisine (廣東菜), also known as Yue cuisine (粵菜) or Guangdong cuisine, refers to the cuisine of China's Guangdong Province, particularly the provincial capital, Guangzhou (Canton).
The Cantonese opera is one of the major categories in Chinese opera, originating in southern China's Guangdong Province.
The Cantonese people are Han Chinese people originating from or residing in the provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi (together known as Liangguang), in southern mainland China.
Cantopop (a contraction of "Cantonese pop music") or HK-pop (short for "Hong Kong pop music") is a genre of Cantonese music made primarily in Hong Kong, and also used to refer to the cultural context of its production and consumption.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor, GBM, GBS (born 13 May 1957) is the current Chief Executive of Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Dragon Airlines Ltd (Chinese: 港龍航空公司), operating brand as Cathay Dragon (Chinese: 國泰港龍航空) and previously as Dragonair, is a Hong Kong-based international regional airline, with its corporate headquarters, Cathay Dragon House, and main hub at Hong Kong International Airport.
Cathay Pacific Airways Limited is the flag carrier of Hong Kong, with its head office and main hub located at Hong Kong International Airport.
The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is a late 19th-century English Gothic revival church that serves as the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Hong Kong.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Church in Hong Kong (Chinese: 天主教香港教區), established in 1841, is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.
Causeway Bay Books (銅鑼灣書店), is an independent bookstore and upstairs bookstore in Hong Kong.
The Causeway Bay Books disappearances are a series of international disappearances concerning five staff members of Causeway Bay Books, located in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong.
Census and Statistics Department (C&SD) is the provider of major social and economic official statistics in Hong Kong.
The Central and Western District located on northern part of Hong Kong Island is one of the 18 administrative districts of Hong Kong.
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Central Plaza is a 78-storey, skyscraper completed in August 1992 at 18 Harbour Road, in Wan Chai on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong.
Central (also Central District) is the central business district of Hong Kong.
The Central–Mid-Levels escalator and walkway system in Hong Kong is the longest outdoor covered escalator system in the world.
Cerebrovascular disease includes a variety of medical conditions that affect the blood vessels of the brain and the cerebral circulation.
A cha chaan teng (literally: 'tea restaurant') is a type of restaurant commonly found in Hong Kong, Macau and parts of Guangdong.
Cha siu bao is a Cantonese barbecue-pork-filled bun (baozi).
The Chairman of the Central Military Commission has overall responsibility for the Central Military Commission, serving as the commander-in-chief of the People's Liberation Army.
Sir Charles Elliot, KCB (15 August 1801 – 9 September 1875) was a British Royal Navy officer, diplomat, and colonial administrator.
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.
Chek Lap Kok is an island in the western waters of Hong Kong.
Cheung Chau (lit. "Long state") is an island southwest of Hong Kong Island.
The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is the representative of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and head of the Government of Hong Kong in China.
The Chief Justice of the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal is the head of the Judiciary of Hong Kong and the chief judge of the Court of Final Appeal.
The Chief Secretary for Administration, commonly known as the Chief Secretary of Hong Kong, is the most senior principal official of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China was one of the charter members of the United Nations and is one of five permanent members of its Security Council.
China Development Institute (CDI) is a think tank based in Shenzhen, Southern China bordering Hong Kong.
China Railway High-speed (CRH) is a high-speed rail service operated by China Railway.
Chinese Buddhism or Han Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
In Chinese tradition, certain numbers are believed by some to be auspicious (吉利) or inauspicious (不利) based on the Chinese word that the number sounds similar to.
The term Chinese orchestra is most commonly used to refer to the modern Chinese orchestra that is found in China and various overseas Chinese communities.
Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation.
The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), also known as the People's PCC (人民政协) or just the PCC (政协), is a political advisory body in the People's Republic of China.
Modern Chinese Sign Language (or CSL or ZGS) is the deaf sign language of the People's Republic of China.
The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) is a public research university in Shatin, Hong Kong formally established in 1963 by a charter granted by the Legislative Council of Hong Kong.
Chow Yun-fat, SBS (born 18 May 1955), previously known as Donald Chow, is a Hong Kong actor.
Christopher Francis Patten, Baron Patten of Barnes, (born 12 May 1944) is a British politician who served as the 28th and final Governor of Hong Kong from 1992-1997.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Chungking Express is a 1994 Hong Kong drama film written and directed by Wong Kar-wai.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
City University of Hong Kong (Abbreviation: CityU; Chinese: 香港城市大學) is a public research university in Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong.
Citybus Limited is one of the three major bus operators in Hong Kong.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
Code-switching is a type of linguistic behaviour that juxtaposes "passages of speech belonging to two different grammatical systems or sub-systems, within the same exchange".
The Hong Kong coinage, including 10¢, 20¢, 50¢, $1, $2, $5 & $10, is issued by Hong Kong Monetary Authority on behalf of the Government of Hong Kong.
In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
The Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography, commonly known as CICRED, is a non-governmental organization accredited with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
A comprehensive school is a secondary school that is a state school and does not select its intake on the basis of academic achievement or aptitude, in contrast to the selective school system, where admission is restricted on the basis of selection criteria.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Congee or conjee is a type of rice porridge or gruel popular in many Asian countries, especially East Asia.
The Congressional Research Service (CRS), known as Congress's think tank, is a public policy research arm of the United States Congress.
Out of the total 1,092 km² of Hong Kong land, three-quarters is countryside, with various landscapes including beaches, woodlands and mountain ranges within the small territory.
The Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau is an agency of the Government of Hong Kong responsible for the implementation of the Basic Law.
There are 123 diplomatic missions in Hong Kong, of which 62 are Consulates-General and 61 are Consulates (including those represented by Honorary Consuls, and six officially recognised bodies in Hong Kong. Most of the Consulates-General are located in the areas of Central, Admiralty, Wan Chai, Wan Chai North, Causeway Bay and Sheung Wan within Victoria City. Only two are located in Kowloon (Cambodia and Nepal), in the areas of Tsim Sha Tsui and Tsim Sha Tsui East respectively. Of these, 55 Consulates-General and seven Honorary Consulates are also accredited to Macau. There are 10 Honorary Consulates in Macau, of which two are subordinate to the Consulates-General in Hong Kong.
The Consulate General of the United States, Hong Kong and Macau represents the United States in the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China.
A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of of and purchased by households.
Contactless payment systems are credit cards and debit cards, key fobs, smart cards, or other devices, including smartphones and other mobile devices, that use radio-frequency identification (RFID) or near field communication (NFC, e.g. Samsung Pay, Apple Pay, Google Pay, Fitbit Pay, or any bank mobile application that support Contactless) for making secure payments.
The Convention between the United Kingdom and China, Respecting an Extension of Hong Kong Territory, commonly known as the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory or the Second Convention of Peking, was a lease signed between Qing China and the United Kingdom on 9 June 1898.
The Convention of Chuenpi (also spelt Chuanbi) was a tentative agreement between British Plenipotentiary Charles Elliot and Chinese Imperial Commissioner Qishan during the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China.
The Convention or First Convention of Peking, sometimes now known as the Convention of Beijing, is an agreement comprising three distinct treaties concluded between the Qing dynasty of China and the United Kingdom, French Empire, and Russian Empire in 1860.
The Cornell International Law Journal is one of the oldest international law journals in the United States.
The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) is an international body in the field of tall buildings and sustainable urban design.
The Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal is the final appellate court of Hong Kong.
The Court of Final Appeal Building, also known as the Old Supreme Court Building, is the home of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong.
Credit Suisse Group AG is a Swiss multinational investment bank and financial services company founded and based in Switzerland.
Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.
A currency board is a monetary authority which is required to maintain a fixed exchange rate with a foreign currency.
Cushman & Wakefield Inc. is an American commercial real estate services company.
The Customs and Excise Department (C&ED) is a government agency responsible for the protection of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region against smuggling; the protection and collection of revenue on dutiable goods on behalf of the Hong Kong Government; the detection and deterrence of drug trafficking and abuse of controlled drugs; the protection of intellectual property rights; the protection of consumer interests; and the protection and facilitation of legitimate trade and upholding Hong Kong's trading integrity.
The Daoguang Emperor (16 September 1782 – 25 February 1850) was the eighth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the sixth Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1820 to 1850.
Decolonization (American English) or decolonisation (British English) is the undoing of colonialism: where a nation establishes and maintains its domination over one or more other territories.
Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), courtesy name Xixian (希贤), was a Chinese politician.
Hong Kong's Department of Health is responsible for healthcare policies and the provision of basic healthcare services and established in 1939.
The Department of Justice is the department responsible for the laws of Hong Kong headed by the Secretary for Justice.
The Development Bureau is an agency of the Government of Hong Kong responsible for urban planning and renewal, land administration, housing, infrastructure development and heritage conservation.
Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional or local level.
Digital currency (digital money or electronic money or electronic currency) is a type of currency available only in digital form, not in physical (such as banknotes and coins).
Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals, including the sound channel, using digital encoding, in contrast to the earlier television technology, analog television, in which the video and audio are carried by analog signals.
Dim sum is a style of Chinese cuisine (particularly Cantonese but also other varieties) prepared as small bite-sized portions of food served in small steamer baskets or on small plates.
Dim sum bonds are bonds issued outside of China but denominated in Chinese renminbi, rather than the local currency.
The Direct Subsidy Scheme (DSS) is instituted by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong as a means to enhance the quality of private schools in Hong Kong at the primary and secondary levels.
The Disneyland Resort line is a heavy rail MTR line connecting Sunny Bay to the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort, coloured pink on the network diagram.
In parliamentary and some semi-presidential systems, a dissolution of parliament is the dispersal of a legislature at the call of an election.
The District Councils, formerly District Boards until 1999, are the local councils for the 18 Districts of Hong Kong.
The District Court (地方法院 before 1997) is the lower court system in Hong Kong, having both criminal and civil jurisdictions.
Donald Tsang Yam-kuen, GBM (born 7 October 1944) is a former Hong Kong civil servant and the second Chief Executive of Hong Kong from 2005 to 2012.
The Dong River is the eastern tributary of the Pearl River in Guangdong province, southern China.
Donnie Yen Ji-dan (甄子丹; born 27 July 1963) is a Hong Kong actor, martial artist, film director, producer, action choreographer, and multiple-time world wushu tournament champion.
A double-decker bus is a bus that has two storeys or decks.
A dragon boat is a human-powered watercraft.
The Duanwu Festival, also often known as the Dragon Boat Festival, is a traditional holiday originating in China, occurring near the summer solstice.
Eason Chan Yick-shun (born 27 July 1974) is a Hong Kong singer and actor.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
The East Rail line is one of eleven railway lines of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) system in Hong Kong.
Eastern Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia is an Eastern Orthodox Diocese of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.
The term Eastern world refers very broadly to the various cultures or social structures and philosophical systems, depending on the context, most often including at least part of Asia or geographically the countries and cultures east of Europe, specifically in historical (pre-modern) contexts, and in modern times in the context of Orientalism.
Economic freedom or economic liberty is the ability of people of a society to take economic actions.
Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.
Education in England is overseen by the United Kingdom's Department for Education.
Education in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter with each of the countries of the United Kingdom having separate systems under separate governments: the UK Government is responsible for England; whilst the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government and the Northern Ireland Executive are responsible for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, respectively.
The Education University of Hong Kong, HK Government news, 26 January 2016 (EdUHK), founded in 1994 as the Hong Kong Institute of Education (Abbreviated: HKIEd) is one of eight subsidised Universities under the University Grants Committee of Hong Kong and the only one dedicated to teacher education.
The egg tart (commonly romanized as daahn tāat, dàn tǎ (Mandarin), or dan tat) is a kind of custard tart found in Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Portugal, Brazil, Britain, and various Asian countries.
The Election Committee is a Hong Kong electoral college, the function of which is to select the Chief Executive (CE).
The Electoral Affairs Commission of Hong Kong (is an independent, apolitical and impartial body established under the Electoral Affairs Commission Ordinance. Its main functions include considering or reviewing the boundaries of Legislative Council geographical constituencies and constituencies of the 18 District Councils for the purpose of making recommendations, and overseeing the conduct and supervision of elections and regulating the procedures at an election. It is also responsible for supervision of the registration of electors and the promotional activities relating to registration. In 1997, the EAC succeeded the former Boundary and Election Commission, which was established on 23 July 1993. It is headed by a chairman, a position which has always been filled a High Court (formerly known as Supreme Court) judge. The executive body that is responsible for elections is the Registration and Electoral Office, which reports to the Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs (the Secretary for Constitutional Affairs before 1 July 2007).
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Emporis GmbH is a real estate data mining company with headquarters in Hamburg, Germany.
The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters, each having an uppercase and a lowercase form: The same letters constitute the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
English law is the common law legal system of England and Wales, comprising mainly criminal law and civil law, each branch having its own courts and procedures.
An entrepôt or transshipment port is a port, city, or trading post where merchandise may be imported, stored or traded, usually to be exported again.
Environmental Protection Department is a department of Hong Kong Government concerning the issues of environmental protection in Hong Kong.
Equestrian competitions at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics were held from 9 August to 21 August at the Hong Kong Sports Institute and Sheung Yue River in Hong Kong.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
The Executive Council of Hong Kong (ExCo;; Chinese name before the transfer of sovereignty: 行政局) is a formal body of advisers to the Chief Executive of Hong Kong that serves as a core policy-making organ of the Government of Hong Kong.
An export credit agency (known in trade finance as an ECA) or investment insurance agency is a private or quasi-governmental institution that acts as an intermediary between national governments and exporters to issue export financing.
The expressway network of China, with the national-level expressway system officially known as the National Trunk Highway System (abbreviated as NTHS), is an integrated system of national and provincial-level expressways in China.
Extraordinary rendition, also called irregular rendition or forced rendition, is the U.S. government-sponsored abduction and extrajudicial transfer of a person from one country to another that has predominantly been carried out by the United States government with the consent of other countries.
Extraterritorial jurisdiction (ETJ) is the legal ability of a government to exercise authority beyond its normal boundaries.
Falun Gong or Falun Dafa (Standard Mandarin Chinese:; literally, "Dharma Wheel Practice" or "Law Wheel Practice") is a modern Chinese spiritual practice that combines meditation and qigong exercises with a moral philosophy centered on the tenets of truthfulness, compassion, and forbearance.
Family honor (or honour) is an abstract concept involving the perceived quality of worthiness and respectability that affects the social standing and the self-evaluation of a group of related people, both corporately and individually.
Farewell My Concubine is a 1993 Chinese drama film directed by Chen Kaige.
Fast Company is a monthly American business magazine published in print and online that focuses on technology, business, and design.
The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.
Feng shui (pronounced), also known as Chinese geomancy, is a pseudoscience originating from China, which claims to use energy forces to harmonize individuals with their surrounding environment.
Fiber to the x (FTTX) or fiber in the loop is a generic term for any broadband network architecture using optical fiber to provide all or part of the local loop used for last mile telecommunications.
In Confucian philosophy, filial piety (xiào) is a virtue of respect for one's parents, elders, and ancestors.
Filipinos (Mga Pilipino) are the people who are native to, or identified with the country of the Philippines.
Filipinos constitute the largest ethnic minority in Hong Kong, numbering approximately 130,000, many of whom work as foreign domestic helpers.
The Financial Secretary is the title held by the Hong Kong government minister who is responsible for all economic and financial matters.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.
A first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting method is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
A fixed exchange rate, sometimes called a pegged exchange rate, is a type of exchange rate regime where a currency's value is fixed against either the value of another single currency, to a basket of other currencies, or to another measure of value, such as gold.
Flagstaff House, built in 1846, is the oldest example of Western-style architecture remaining in Hong Kong.
A floating exchange rate (also called a fluctuating or flexible exchange rate) is a type of exchange-rate regime in which a currency's value is allowed to fluctuate in response to foreign-exchange market mechanisms.
The Foreign Affairs Select Committee is one of many select committees of the British House of Commons, which scrutinises the work of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.
Foreign domestic helpers in Hong Kong are domestic workers employed by Hongkongers, typically families.
Foreign Policy is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.
Foreign-exchange reserves (also called forex reserves or FX reserves) is money or other assets held by a central bank or other monetary authority so that it can pay if need be its liabilities, such as the currency issued by the central bank, as well as the various bank reserves deposited with the central bank by the government and other financial institutions.
The Former Marine Police Headquarters Compound, constructed in 1884, is located in Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong.
The Four Asian Tigers, Four Asian Dragons or Four Little Dragons, are the economies of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan, which underwent rapid industrialization and maintained exceptionally high growth rates (in excess of 7 percent a year) between the early 1960s (mid-1950s for Hong Kong) and 1990s.
Four Heavenly Kings (四大天王) is a Chinese term created in June 1992 by Oriental Daily News to refer to the four biggest male entertainment/arts superstars in Hong Kong at that time: Jacky Cheung, Andy Lau, Aaron Kwok and Leon Lai.
Free trade is a free market policy followed by some international markets in which countries' governments do not restrict imports from, or exports to, other countries.
Free-to-air (FTA) are television (TV) and radio services broadcast in clear (unencrypted) form, allowing any person with the appropriate receiving equipment to receive the signal and view or listen to the content without requiring a subscription, other ongoing cost or one-off fee (e.g. Pay-per-view).
Freedom of assembly, sometimes used interchangeably with the freedom of association, is the individual right or ability of people to come together and collectively express, promote, pursue, and defend their collective or shared ideas.
Freedom of religion is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance without government influence or intervention.
Freedom of the press or freedom of the media is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely.
The Frontier Closed Area, established by the Frontier Closed Area Order, 1951, is a border zone area in Hong Kong extended inwards from the border with China.
In the political systems of Hong Kong, a functional constituency is a professional or special interest group involved in the electoral process.
The Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway, commonly referred to as the Jinggang'ao Expressway is a that connects the Chinese cities of Beijing and Shenzhen, in Guangdong province, at the border with Hong Kong.
The Gallup International Association (GIA) is an association of polling organizations registered in Zurich, Switzerland.
Gareth Stevens, Inc. is a publishing company originally based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
The Honourable Chief Justice Geoffrey Ma Tao-li, GBM (born 11 January 1956) is a Hong Kong judge, and serves as the 2nd and incumbent Chief Justice of the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal.
Sir Geoffry Alexander Stafford Northcote, KCMG (羅富國;9 February 1881 – 10 July 1948) was a British colonial administrator.
In Hong Kong, geographical constituencies, as opposed to functional constituencies, are elected by all eligible voters according to geographically demarcated constituencies.
In economics, the Gini coefficient (sometimes expressed as a Gini ratio or a normalized Gini index) is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income or wealth distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measurement of inequality.
Goal is an international association football news website founded in 2004 by Chicco Merighi and Gianluigi Longinotti-Buitoni.
Government debt (also known as public interest, public debt, national debt and sovereign debt) is the debt owed by a government.
Government House (formerly 督憲府/香港總督府/港督府), located on Government Hill in the Central District of Hong Kong Island, is the official residence of the Chief Executive of Hong Kong.
The central government of the People's Republic of China is divided among several state organs.
The Governor of Hong Kong was the representative in Hong Kong of the British Crown from 1843 to 1997.
The Great Clearance, also translated as the Great Evacuation or Great Frontier Shift, refers to two edicts by the Kangxi Emperor of Qing (1644–1912), and his regent Oboi, in 1661 and 1662.
The Great Firewall of China (abbreviated to GFW) is the combination of legislative actions and technologies enforced by the People's Republic of China to regulate the Internet domestically.
The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.
Greater China or the Greater China Region is a term used to refer to Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
The Guangzhou–Kowloon Through Train is an inter-city railway service between Hong Kong and Guangzhou jointly operated by the MTR Corporation of Hong Kong and the Guangzhou Railway Group of mainland China.
The Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong section (XRL HK section) is an under-construction high-speed railway connecting Kowloon with the high-speed rail network of China at Shenzhen.
The Haijin or sea ban was a series of related isolationist Chinese policies restricting private maritime trading and coastal settlement during most of the Ming dynasty and some of the Qing.
The Hakkas, sometimes Hakka Han, are Han Chinese people whose ancestral homes are chiefly in the Hakka-speaking provincial areas of Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hunan, Zhejiang, Hainan and Guizhou.
The Han Chinese,.
The Han conquest of Nanyue was a military conflict between the Han empire and the Nanyue kingdom in modern Guangdong, Guangxi, and Northern Vietnam.
The Hang Seng Index (abbreviated: HSI) is a freefloat-adjusted market capitalization-weighted stock market index in Hong Kong.
Harrassowitz Verlag is a German academic publishing house, based in Wiesbaden.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
Healthcare in China consists of both public and private medical institutions and insurance programs.
Macau has a universally accessible single-payer system funded by taxes collected by the government from corporations and residents.
The High Court of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, consists of the Court of Appeal and the Court of First Instance; it deals with criminal and civil cases which have risen beyond the lower courts.
Highways Department is a department of the Hong Kong Government responsible for developing Hong Kong's road and railway network as well as road maintenance.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
The history of the People's Republic of China is often divided distinctly by historians into the "Mao era" and the "post-Mao era".
HK Television Entertainment Company Limited (or HKTVE) is a television service operator in a Hong Kong operated by Hong Kong billionaire Richard Li's PCCW, through its subsidiary PCCW Media, which also owns a IPTV platform, Now TV.
Her Majesty's Yacht Britannia, also known as the Royal Yacht Britannia, is the former royal yacht of the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in service from 1954 until 1997.
Home Affairs Bureau is one of the policy bureaux of the Hong Kong Government.
Homelessness is the circumstance when people are without a permanent dwelling, such as a house or apartment.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Hong Kong & Kowloon Ferry Ltd (abbr. HKKF) is a ferry service company in Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong 1 July protests is an annual protest rally originally held by the Civil Human Rights Front from the day of handover in 1997 on the HKSAR establishment day.
The Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts is a provider of tertiary education in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Airlines Ltd is an airline based in Hong Kong, with its headquarters in the Tung Chung district and its main hub at Hong Kong International Airport.
The Hong Kong Army Cadets Association, established on January 18, 2015, is a Hong Kong Uniformed Youth Group, it is supported by the People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison and the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong.
Hong Kong competed at the Commonwealth and British Empire Games as a British colony or dependent territory from 1934 to 1994.
Hong Kong first competed at the Olympic Games in 1952, then as a British colony.
Hong Kong made its Paralympic Games début at the 1972 Summer Paralympics in Heidelberg, and has taken part in every subsequent edition of the Summer Paralympics.
The Hong Kong Aviation Club was established in 1982 upon the amalgamation of the Hong Kong Flying Club, the Aero Club of Hong Kong and the Far East Flying & Technical School.
Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) is a publicly funded tertiary institution with a Christian education heritage.
The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China is the constitutional document of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Hong Kong Basic Law Article 23 is an article in the Basic Law of Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Basic Law Article 45 is an article in the Basic Law (constitution) of Hong Kong.
Hong Kong China Ferry Terminal is a ferry terminal, located at China Hong Kong City, 33 Canton Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong China Temple, formerly the Hong Kong Temple, is the 48th operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
The Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra (abbreviated HKCO) is an orchestra of Chinese traditional instruments based in Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Civil Service is managed by 13 policy bureaux in the Government Secretariat, and 67 departments and agencies, mostly staffed by civil servants.
The Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE) is an academic qualification offered by Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority (HKEAA).
Hong Kong Disneyland is a theme park located on reclaimed land in Penny's Bay, Lantau Island.
The Hong Kong dollar (sign: HK$; code: HKD) is the official currency of Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices (HKETOs) are the trade offices of Hong Kong outside the territory.
The Hong Kong Economic Journal (HKEJ). is a Chinese language daily newspaper published in Hong Kong by the Shun Po Co., Ltd.
Hong Kong English is the dialect of the English language most commonly used in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Government Gazette is the official publication of the Government of Hong Kong and publishes laws, ordinances and other regulations.
The handover ceremony of Hong Kong in 1997 officially marked the transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the People's Republic of China.
The Hong Kong Identity Card (abbreviation: HKID) is an official identity document issued by the Immigration Department of Hong Kong.
Hong Kong International Airport is the main airport in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Island is an island in the southern part of Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Jockey Club (HKJC) is one of the oldest institutions in Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Legislative Council members' oath-taking controversy was a series of events surrounding the oaths of office of a dozen pro-democracy and localist members-elect of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo) on 12 October 2016 which have resulted in the disqualification of six members, Sixtus "Baggio" Leung and Yau Wai-ching of Youngspiration, who were unseated by the court on 15 November 2016, and Leung Kwok-hung, Nathan Law, Yiu Chung-yim and Lau Siu-lai on 14 July 2017.
The 1985 Hong Kong Legislative Council election was an indirect election for members of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo) held on 26 September 1985.
The 1991 Hong Kong Legislative Council election was held for members of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo).
The 1995 Hong Kong Legislative Council election for members of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo) was held on 17 September 1995.
The 1998 Hong Kong Legislative Council election was held on 24 May 1998 for members of the 1st Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo) since the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) in 1997.
The 2016 Hong Kong Legislative Council election was held on 4 September 2016 for the 6th Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo).
The Hong Kong Marathon (香港馬拉松), sponsored by Standard Chartered Bank, is an annual marathon race held in January or February in Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA, or 金管局) is Hong Kong's currency board and de facto central bank.
The Hong Kong Observatory is a weather forecast agency of the government of Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the Government of Hong Kong.
Hong Kong people, also known as Hongkongers and sometimes Hong Kongese, are people who originate from or live in Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra (Chinese: 香港管弦樂團), commonly abbreviated as HKPO or HKPhil (Chinese: 港樂), is the largest symphony orchestra in Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) is a public university located in Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
Hong Kong residents, also called Residents of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, according to the Hong Kong Basic Law include permanent residents and non-permanent residents.
The Hong Kong Sevens is considered the premier tournament on the World Rugby Sevens Series competition.
The Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui (abbreviated SKH), also known as the Hong Kong Anglican Church (Episcopal), is the Anglican Church in Hong Kong and Macao.
Hong Kong Shue Yan University (HKSYU or SYU), founded in 1971 as Hong Kong Shue Yan College (香港樹仁學院), is an educational institute that refers to itself as the "first private liberal arts university" in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Sign Language (香港手語), or HKSL, is the deaf sign language of Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Passport is a passport issued only to the permanent residents of Hong Kong who also hold Chinese citizenship.
The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited, abb.
The Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System is a system adopted by the Transport Department of the Hong Kong Government to organise the major roads in the territory into Routes 1 to 10 for the convenience of drivers.
The Hong Kong Tennis Classic (formerly known as the JB Group Classic and the Watsons Water Champions Challenge) is a women's exhibition tennis tournament held (with temporary stands) in Victoria Park, Hong Kong, in the first week of January.
Hong Kong Time (abbreviation: HKT) is the time in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, observed at UTC+08:00 all year round.
The Hong Kong Tourism Board (HKTB) (Traditional Chinese: 香港旅遊發展局) is a Government-subvented body founded in 2001.
Hong Kong Tramways is a tram system in Hong Kong and one of the earliest forms of public transport in the metropolis, dating back to the city's colonial period. Owned and operated by RATP Dev Transdev Asia, the tramway runs on Hong Kong Island between Shau Kei Wan and Kennedy Town, with a branch circulating through Happy Valley. Trams in Hong Kong have not only been a form of commuter transport for over 110 years, but also a major tourist attraction and one of the most environmentally friendly ways of travelling in Hong Kong. The tram system is the only one in the world operated exclusively with double-decker trams, and is one of only five non-heritage tram systems in the world that use double-deck cars the others being Blackpool Tramway, United Kingdom, Alexandria Tram, Egypt, Oranjestad, Aruba and Dubai, UAE. The tram is the cheapest mode of public transport on the island. The comparatively affordable fare is highlighted by Hong Kong Tramways' advertising slogan: "Hop on 1. $2.3. Tram so easy!".
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) is a public research university in Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong.
Hong Kong University Press is the university press of the University of Hong Kong.
Hong Kong-style milk tea is a tea drink made from black tea and milk (usually evaporated milk or condensed milk).
The Hong Kong–Macau Ferry Terminal is a ferry terminal and heliport, centrally located in Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong–Taiwan Economic and Cultural Co-operation and Promotion Council (ECCPC) represents the Government of Hong Kong in talks with Taiwan, through its counterpart, the Taiwan–Hong Kong Economic and Cultural Co-operation Council (ECCC).
Hong Kong–United Kingdom relations refers to international relations between the post-colonial Hong Kong and the United Kingdom.
The Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge (HKZMB) is a bridge–tunnel system, which consists of a series of three cable-stayed bridges and one undersea tunnel, as well as 3 artificial islands, spanning the Lingdingyang channel, that connects Hong Kong with Macau and Zhuhai, three major cities on the Pearl River Delta in China.
The Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels, Limited (HSH),, is the holding company of a group which is engaged in the ownership, development, and management of hotels and commercial and residential properties in Asia, the United States and Europe, as well as the provision of tourism and leisure, club management and other services.
Hopewell Centre is a, 64-storey skyscraper at 183 Queen's Road East, in Wan Chai, Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong.
The Hospital Authority is a statutory body managing all the government hospitals and institutes in Hong Kong.
HSBC Main Building is a headquarters building of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, which is today a wholly owned subsidiary of London-based HSBC Holdings.
Huanggang Port is a port of entry on the border between mainland China and Hong Kong, in the Futian District of Shenzhen, China.
Hukou is a system of household registration in mainland China and Taiwan, although the system itself is more properly called "huji", and has origins in ancient China.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Hung Hom, referred to by China Railway as Jiulong (Kowloon), is an interchange station of the East Rail Line and West Rail Line in Hong Kong.
In economics, hyperinflation is very high and typically accelerating inflation.
The Immigration Department (known as 人民入境事務處 before the 1997 transfer of sovereignty) of the Government of Hong Kong is responsible for immigration control of Hong Kong.
Imperial Commissioner (Manchu: hese i takūraha amban) was a high-ranking government official or military general commissioned by the emperor of China during the late Ming (13681644) and Qing (16441911) dynasties. His power was just below that of the emperor, such that he could command viceroys and provincial governors by imperial edict.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC;; previously known as the before 1997) of Hong Kong was established by Governor Sir Murray MacLehose on 15 February 1974, when Hong Kong was under British rule.
Articles related to Hong Kong include.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Indonesia) are citizens of Indonesia, regardless of their race, ethnicity or religious background.
Indonesians in Hong Kong, numbering 102,100,Media Indonesia Online 30 November 2006 form the second-largest ethnic minority group in the territory, behind Filipinos.
The industrial policy of a country, sometimes denoted IP, is its official strategic effort to encourage the development and growth of part or all of the manufacturing sector as well as other sectors of the economy.
Industrialisation or industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.
Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species.
The Inland Revenue Department (abbreviated IRD) of Hong Kong Government is one of Hong Kong government departments which is responsible for the administration of the following Hong Kong ordinances on taxes and duties and the related rules and regulations: Betting Duty Ordinance Cap.108 Business Registration Ordinance Cap.310 Estate Duty Ordinance Cap.111 Hotel Accommodation Tax Ordinance Cap.348 Inland Revenue Ordinance Cap.112 Stamp Duty Ordinance Cap.117 Tax Reserve Certificates Ordinance Cap.289.
Instant-runoff voting (IRV) is a voting method used in single-seat elections with more than two candidates.
Inter-city rail services are express passenger train services that cover longer distances than commuter or regional trains.
The International Commerce Centre (abbreviated ICC) is a 108-storey, commercial skyscraper completed in 2010 in West Kowloon, Hong Kong.
The International Finance Centre (abbr. IFC, branded as "ifc") is a skyscraper and an integrated commercial development on the waterfront of Hong Kong's Central District.
International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
An international school is a school that promotes international education, in an international environment, either by adopting a curriculum such as that of the International Baccalaureate, Edexcel or Cambridge International Examinations, or by following a national curriculum different from that of the school's country of residence.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
The Island line is one of eleven lines of the MTR, the mass transit system in Hong Kong.
Chan Kong-sang, SBS, MBE, PMW (生; born 7 April 1954), known professionally as Jackie Chan, is a Hong Kong martial artist, actor, film director, producer, stuntman, and singer.
In late January 2016, a cold wave struck much of East Asia, parts of mainland Southeast Asia and parts of northern South Asia, bringing record cold temperatures and snowfall to many regions.
Japanese military yen (Chinese and Japanese: 日本軍用手票, also 日本軍票 in short), commonly abbreviated as JMY, was the:currency issued to the soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army and the Imperial Japanese Navy as a salary.
The Imperial Japanese occupation of Hong Kong (香港日據時期) began when the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Mark Young, surrendered the British Crown colony of Hong Kong to Imperial Japan on 25 December 1941.
Japanese people in Hong Kong consist primarily of expatriate business people and their families, along with a smaller number of single women.
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity.
Li Lianjie (born 26 April 1963), better known by his stage name Jet Li, is a Chinese film actor, film producer, martial artist, and retired Wushu champion who was born in Beijing.
Jiang Zemin (born 17 August 1926) is a retired Chinese politician who served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1989 to 2002, as Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 1989 to 2004, and as President of the People's Republic of China from 1993 to 2003.
Jiaozhi (Tai: kɛɛuA1, Wade-Giles: Chiāo-chǐh), was the name for various provinces, commanderies, prefectures, and counties in northern Vietnam from the era of the Hùng kings to the middle of the Third Chinese domination of Vietnam (–10th centuries) and again during the Fourth Chinese domination (1407–1427).
Joey Yung (born 16 June 1980) is a Hong Kong singer and actress signed to Emperor Entertainment Group.
Sir John Francis Davis, 1st Baronet KCB (16 July 179513 November 1890) was a British diplomat and sinologist who served as second Governor of Hong Kong from 1844 to 1848.
Johnston Road is a major road in Wan Chai on the Hong Kong Island of Hong Kong.
Jorge Álvares (died July 8, 1521) was a Portuguese explorer.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
Judicial review is a process under which executive or legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary.
The Judiciary of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is the judicial branch of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Junk is a type of ancient Chinese sailing ship that is still in use today.
Sir Kai Ho, CMG, JP, MRCS (1859–1914), better known as Sir Kai Ho Kai, born Ho Shan-kai, was a Hong Kong barrister, physician and essayist in Colonial Hong Kong.
Kai Tak International Airport was the international airport of Hong Kong from 1925 until 1998.
The Kai Tak Development, abbreviated as "KTD" and formerly called South East Kowloon Development, is a Hong Kong urban development plan.
The kai-to, sometimes kaito or kaido is a type of small, motorized ferry operating in Hong Kong.
The Kangxi Emperor (康熙; 4 May 165420 December 1722), personal name Xuanye, was the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Shanhai Pass near Beijing, and the second Qing emperor to rule over that part of China, from 1661 to 1722.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
The was the military police arm of the Imperial Japanese Army from 1881 to 1945.
King's Park (or 皇囿) is an area in Ho Man Tin in Kowloon, Hong Kong.
The Kingdom of Portugal (Regnum Portugalliae, Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of modern Portugal.
Kevin Lau, former editor-in-chief of the Hong Kong daily newspaper Ming Pao, was attacked in the morning of 26 February 2014 as he was getting out of his car in Lei King Wan, Hong Kong by two men who were waiting for him.
Koreans in Hong Kong formed a population of 13,288 individuals as of 2011, a mid-range size compared to Korean diaspora populations in other cities in China and Southeast Asia.
Kowloon is an urban area in Hong Kong comprising the Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon.
Kowloon Bay is a bay and a town in Hong Kong.
Kowloon City is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong.
Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre or Kowloon Mosque and Islamic Centre is second among five principal mosques constructed in Hong Kong.
The Kowloon Motor Bus Company (1933) Limited (KMB), is a bus company operating franchised services in Hong Kong.
The Kowloon Peninsula is a peninsula that forms the southern part of the main landmass in the territory of Hong Kong.
Kowloon Walled City was a largely ungoverned, densely populated settlement in Kowloon City in Hong Kong.
Kwai Chung is an urban area within Tsuen Wan New Town in the New Territories of Hong Kong.
The Kwun Tong line is one of 11 lines of the MTR network in Hong Kong.
Laissez-faire (from) is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs and subsidies.
The reclamation of land from the ocean has long been used in mountainous Hong Kong to expand the limited supply of usable land with a total of around 60 square kilometres of land created by 1996.
In Hong Kong, the Lands Department is a government department under the Development Bureau responsible for all land matters.
Lantau Island (also Lantao Island) is the largest island in Hong Kong, located at the mouth of the Pearl River.
Law of the People's Republic of China, officially referred to as the Socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, is the legal regime of China, with the separate legal traditions and systems of Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau.
Lee Lai-Shan MBE BBS (born in Cheung Chau, Hong Kong, 5 September 1970) is a former world champion and Olympic gold medal-winning professional windsurfer from Hong Kong.
The terms right-hand traffic (RHT) and left-hand traffic (LHT) refer to the practice, in bidirectional traffic situations, to keep to the right side or to the left side of the road, respectively.
The Legislative Council Complex (LegCo Complex) on 1 Legislative Council Road, Central, Hong Kong is the home of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong since 2011.
The Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (LegCo) is the unicameral parliamentary legislature of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.
The Lei Cheng Uk Han Tomb Museum is composed of a brick tomb (E.Han or slightly later) and an exhibition hall adjacent to it.
Leslie Cheung Kwok-wing (12 September 1956 – 1 April 2003) was a Hong Kong singer, actor as well as composer.
Li-Ying College was the first recorded academy in Imperial Hong Kong.
The Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (abbr. LOCPG or 中聯辦) is an organ of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR).
Liangguang (postal: Liangkwang) is a Chinese term for the province of Guangdong and former province and present autonomous region of Guangxi, collectively.
The Light Rail, also known as the Light Rail Transit (LRT), is a light rail system in Hong Kong, serving the northwestern New Territories, within Tuen Mun District and Yuen Long District.
Lin Zexu (30 August 1785 – 22 November 1850), courtesy name Yuanfu, was a Chinese scholar-official of the Qing dynasty best known for his role in the First Opium War of 1839–42.
Lingnan architecture, or Cantonese architecture, refers to the characteristic architectural style(s) of the Lingnan region - the Southern Chinese provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi.
Lingnan University (LN/LU), formerly called Lingnan College, is the only public liberal arts university in Hong Kong.
The world's thirty busiest airports by cargo traffic for various periods (data provided by Airports Council International).
The world's busiest airports by passenger traffic are measured by total passengers (data from Airports Council International), defined as passengers enplaned plus passengers deplaned plus direct-transit passengers.
This is a list of cities with the most high-rise buildings.
This list of cities with most skyscrapers ranks cities around the world by their number of skyscrapers.
This is a list of countries and dependent territories ranked by population density, measured by the number of human inhabitants per square kilometer.
This is a list of countries by merchandise exports, based on The World Factbook of the CIA.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.
Three lists of countries below calculate gross domestic product (at purchasing power parity) per capita, i.e., the purchasing power parity (PPP) value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given year, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.
This is a list of all the countries by the Human Development Index as included in a United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report.
This is a list of countries by merchandise imports, based on The World Factbook of the CIA.
This is a list of countries or dependencies by income inequality metrics, including Gini coefficients.
The under-five mortality rate is the number of deaths of infants and children under five years old per 1000 live births.
This list ranks the countries of the world by the number of mobile phones in use.
This is a list of notable Hongkongers, sorted by their last name in alphabetical order.
Hong Kong comprises the Kowloon peninsula and 261 islands over 500 m2, the largest being Lantau Island and the second largest being Hong Kong Island.
These are lists of the world's most expensive cities for expatriate employees (not residents), according to the Mercer, ECA International and Xpatulator.com cost-of-living surveys.
The following is a list of all of the active power stations in Hong Kong.
Reservoirs in Hong Kong are spread fairly evenly over the entire 1,104 km² of Hong Kong.
This is a list of major stock exchanges.
The litter is a class of wheelless vehicles, a type of human-powered transport, for the transport of persons.
Lo Wu Control Point is a Hong Kong immigration control point in Lo Wu, New Territories.
Lo Wu is the northern terminus of the East Rail Line (Kowloon-Canton Railway) of Hong Kong, located in Lo Wu within the Closed Area on Hong Kong's northern frontier.
Localist groups are a loose umbrella term referring to various groups with localist ideologies in Hong Kong.
Lok Ma Chau or Lokmachau is a village in Hong Kong's New Territories and also a major pedestrian (which is linked directly to the Hong Kong rapid transit network) and road border crossing point between Hong Kong and mainland China.
Lok Ma Chau is the northwestern terminus in Lok Ma Chau on the Lok Ma Chau Spur Line, a branch line of the East Rail Line of Hong Kong's MTR network, which was built to alleviate the immigration checkpoint between Hong Kong and mainland China's Shenzhen at Lo Wu Station.
Lui Seng Chun is a Grade I Historic Building located at 119 Lai Chi Kok Road, in Mong Kok, Hong Kong, at the junction with Tong Mi Road.
The Lunar New Year Cup, previously known as the Carlsberg Challenge or the Carlsberg Cup, is an annual football tournament organised in Hong Kong by the Hong Kong Football Association (HKFA) since 1908.
The Luohu Port (simplified Chinese: 罗湖口岸, pinyin: Luóhú Kǒu'àn) is a port of entry of the People's Republic of China (PRC), located in Luohu District of Shenzhen in China, on the border of China with Hong Kong.
The Luso-Chinese agreement of 1554 (Acordo Luso-Chinês de 1554) was a trade agreement between the Portuguese headed by Leonel de Sousa, and the authorities of Guangzhou headed by the Provincial Admiral (海道副使; haitao in European sources) Wang Bo (汪柏), which allowed for the legalization of Portuguese trade in China by paying taxes.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The Mainland and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement, or Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA) for short, is an economic agreement between the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China, signed on 29 June 2003.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Manchukuo was a puppet state of the Empire of Japan in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia from 1932 until 1945.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
The Mandatory Provident Fund, often abbreviated as MPF (強積金), is a compulsory saving scheme (pension fund) for the retirement of residents in Hong Kong.
Mango pudding is a very popular dessert in Hong Kong, where pudding is eaten as a traditional British food.
The "March of the Volunteers".
Sir Mark Aitchison Young (楊慕琦, 30 June 1886 – 12 May 1974) was a British administrator who became the Governor of Hong Kong during the years immediately before and after the Japanese occupation of the territory.
Martial arts films are a subgenre of action films, which feature numerous martial arts fights between characters.
Matthew Cheung Kin-chung, GBM, GBS, JP (born 20 November 1950) is a Hong Kong government official.
Mazu, also known by several other names and titles, is a Chinese sea goddess.
A medium of instruction (plural: usually mediums of instruction, but the archaic media of instruction is still used by some) is a language used in teaching.
Mercer is the world's largest human resources consulting firm.
Tan Sri Michelle Yeoh Choo-Kheng (born 6 August 1962) is a Malaysian actress who achieved fame in the early 1990s, after starring in a series of popular Hong Kong action films in which she performed her own stunts.
Milton Friedman (July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American economist who received the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
Ming Pao is a Chinese-language newspaper published by Ming Pao Group in Hong Kong.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China (MOFA or MFA) under the State Council of the Government of the People's Republic of China is an executive agency responsible for foreign relations between the People's Republic of China and other countries in the world.
A mixed economy is variously defined as an economic system blending elements of market economies with elements of planned economies, free markets with state interventionism, or private enterprise with public enterprise.
Modern architecture or modernist architecture is a term applied to a group of styles of architecture which emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II.
Founded in April 2013, Modern Farmer is a quarterly American magazine devoted to agriculture and food.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
Mong Kok (also spelled Mongkok, often abbreviated as MK) is an area in the Yau Tsim Mong District, on the western part of Kowloon Peninsula in Hong Kong.
The Mongol conquest of the Song dynasty under Kublai Khan (r. 1260–1294) was the final step for the Mongols to rule the whole of China under the Yuan dynasty.
Moral and national education (MNE) is a school curriculum proposed by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong, changed from the moral and civic education (MCE). The subject was particularly controversial for applauding the:communist and:nationalist positions of China's government on the one hand, and criticizing republicanism and:democracy on the other.
A moving walkway or moving sidewalk (American English), also known as autowalk or as in British English as a skywalk, travolator, or travellator, is a slow-moving conveyor mechanism that transports people across a horizontal or inclined plane over a short to medium distance.
The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is a major public transport network serving Hong Kong. Operated by the MTR Corporation Limited (MTRCL), it consists of heavy rail, light rail, and feeder bus service centred on an 11-line rapid transit network serving the urbanised areas of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and the New Territories. The system currently includes of rail with 159 stations, including 91 heavy rail stations and 68 light rail stops. The MTR is one of the most profitable metro systems in the world; it had a farebox recovery ratio of 187% in 2015, the world's highest. Under the government's rail-led transport policy, the MTR system is a common mode of public transport in Hong Kong, with over five million trips made in an average weekday. It consistently achieves a 99.9% on-time rate on its train journeys. As of 2014, the MTR has a 48.1% market share of the franchised public transport market, making it the most popular transport option in Hong Kong. The integration of the Octopus smart card fare-payment technology into the MTR system in September 1997 has further enhanced the ease of commuting on the MTR. Construction of the MTR was prompted by a study, released in 1967, commissioned by the Hong Kong Government in order to find solutions to the increasing road congestion problem caused by the territory's fast-growing economy. Construction started soon after the release of the study, and the first line opened in 1979. The MTR was immediately popular with residents of Hong Kong; as a result, subsequent lines have been built to cover more territory. There are continual debates regarding how and where to expand the MTR network. As a successful railway operation, the MTR has served as a model for other newly built systems in the world, particularly other urban rail transit in China.
MTR Corporation Limited is a Hong Kong company listed on the Hong Kong Exchange, and a component of Hang Seng Index.
Crawford Murray MacLehose, Baron MacLehose of Beoch, (16 October 1917 – 27 May 2000) was a British politician, diplomat and the 25th Governor of Hong Kong, from 1971 to 1982.
Nanyue or, or Nam Viet (Nam Việt) was an ancient kingdom that covered parts of northern Vietnam and the modern Chinese provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, and Yunnan.
The National People's Congress (usually abbreviated NPC) is the national legislature of the People's Republic of China. With 2,980 members in 2018, it is the largest parliamentary body in the world. Under China's Constitution, the NPC is structured as a unicameral legislature, with the power to legislate, the power to oversee the operations of the government, and the power to elect the major officers of state. However, the NPC has been described as a "rubber stamp," having "never rejected a government proposal" in its history. The NPC is elected for a term of five years. It holds annual sessions every spring, usually lasting from 10 to 14 days, in the Great Hall of the People on the west side of Tiananmen Square in Beijing. The NPC's sessions are usually timed to occur with the meetings of the National Committee of the People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), a consultative body whose members represent various social groups. As the NPC and the CPPCC are the main deliberative bodies of China, they are often referred to as the Lianghui (Two Assemblies). According to the NPC, its annual meetings provide an opportunity for the officers of state to review past policies and present future plans to the nation.
The election for the Hong Kong deputies to the 13th National People's Congress (NPC) was held on 19 December 2017.
National Security (Legislative Provisions) Bill 2003 was a proposed bill which aimed to amend the Crimes Ordinance, the Official Secrets Ordinance and the Societies Ordinance pursuant to the obligation imposed by Article 23 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and to provide for related, incidental and consequential amendments.
Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.
The Nationality Law of the People's Republic of China regulates nationality of the People's Republic of China.
NBC News is the news division of the American broadcast television network NBC, formerly known as the National Broadcasting Company when it was founded on radio.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
New Kowloon is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong, bounded in the south by Boundary Street, and in the north by the ranges of the Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Tate's Cairn and Kowloon Peak.
The New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong, alongside Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula.
The Hong Kong government started developing "New Towns" in the 1950s, in order to accommodate Hong Kong's booming population.
New World First Bus Services Limited (NWFB) is the third largest bus operator in Hong Kong.
New World First Ferry Services (in short New World First Ferry, First Ferry or NWFF) is a ferry service company in Hong Kong.
The Ngong Ping 360 is a gondola lift on Lantau Island in Hong Kong.
A nuclear family, elementary family or conjugal family is a family group consisting of two parents and their children (one or more).
The Octopus card is a reusable contactless stored value smart card for making electronic payments in online or offline systems in Hong Kong.
The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to the UK Parliament.
Office of the Communications Authority or OFCA is an executive arm of Communications Authority in Hong Kong.
An official script is a writing system that is specifically designated to be official in the constitutions or other applicable laws of countries, states, and other jurisdictions.
"One country, two systems" is a constitutional principle formulated by Deng Xiaoping, the Paramount Leader of the People's Republic of China (PRC), for the reunification of China during the early 1980s.
The Open University of Hong Kong (OUHK, OpenU) is a statutory university located in Ho Man Tin, Hong Kong.
Opium (poppy tears, with the scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy (scientific name: Papaver somniferum).
A list of organisations with former royal patronage in Hong Kong prior to the handover in 1997.
Oriental Daily News is a Chinese-language newspaper in Hong Kong.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Hong Kong: Hong Kong – one of two special administrative regions of China, the other being Macau.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Palgrave Macmillan is an international academic and trade publishing company.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Atmospheric aerosol particles, also known as atmospheric particulate matter, particulate matter (PM), particulates, or suspended particulate matter (SPM) are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in Earth's atmosphere.
Paul Chan Mo-po, GBM, GBS, MH, JP is the current Financial Secretary of Hong Kong and former Secretary for Development of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
PCCW Limited (formerly known as Pacific Century CyberWorks Limited) is a Hong Kong-based information and communications technology (ICT) company which most notably as the majority owner of HKT Limited.
The Peak District Reservation Ordinance 1904, originally enacted as the Hill District Reservation Ordinance, is commonly called the Peak Reservation Ordinance and was a racially based zoning law that reserved part of the Victoria Peak as a place of residence to non-Chinese people except with the consent of the Governor-in-Council.
The Peak Tram is a funicular railway in Hong Kong, which carries both tourists and residents to the upper levels of Hong Kong Island.
The Pearl River, also known by its Chinese name Zhujiang and formerly often known as the, is an extensive river system in southern China.
The Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region (PRD), also known as Zhujiang Delta or Zhusanjiao, is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary, where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
The People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison is a garrison of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA), responsible for defense duties in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region since the sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred to the PRC in 1997.
A People's Republic of China Permit for Proceeding to Hong Kong and Macao or One-way Permit is a document issued by the People's Republic of China allowing residents of mainland China to leave the mainland permanently to settle in Hong Kong or Macau.
The persecution of Falun Gong refers to the campaign initiated in 1999 by the Chinese Communist Party to eliminate the spiritual practice of Falun Gong in China.
Petroglyphs are images created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, or abrading, as a form of rock art.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Ping Shan Heritage Trail is a heritage trail located in the Ping Shan area of Yuen Long District, in Hong Kong.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
Policy Press, established in 1996, is an academic publisher based in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Law at the University of Bristol, United Kingdom.
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) is a joint venture between the United States, New York and New Jersey, established in 1921 through an interstate compact authorized by the United States Congress.
Upon the start of World War II in 1939, the Portuguese Government announced, on 1 September, that the 600-year-old Anglo-Portuguese Alliance remained intact, but that since the British did not seek Portuguese assistance, Portugal was free to remain neutral in the war and would do so.
Positive non-interventionism was the economic policy of Hong Kong; this policy can be traced back to the time when Hong Kong was under British rule.
Possession Point is a former point of land on the northwestern coast of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong, before land reclamation moved the coast further north.
The President of the Legislative Council is the speaker of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong.
The President of the People's Republic of China is the head of state of the People's Republic of China.
In parliamentary systems and presidential systems of government, primary legislation and secondary legislation, the latter also called delegated legislation or subordinate legislation, are two forms of law, created respectively by the legislative and executive branches of government.
Principal officials, according to the Basic Law, are government officials who are nominated by the Chief Executive and appointed by the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.
Pro-Beijing camp, pro-establishment camp or pro-China camp refers to a political alignment in Hong Kong which generally supports the policies of the Beijing government towards Hong Kong.
The pro-democracy camp or pan-democracy camp (Chinese: 民主派 or 泛民主派) refers to a political alignment that supports increased democracy, namely the universal suffrage of the Chief Executive and the Legislative Council as given by the Basic Law under the "One Country, Two Systems" framework.
Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions into an electorate are reflected proportionately into the elected body.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Provisional Legislative Council or the PLC (Chinese: 臨時立法會, frequently abbreviated to 臨立會) was the interim legislature of Hong Kong from 1997 to 1998.
Public housing in Hong Kong is a set of mass housing programmes through which the Government of Hong Kong provides affordable housing for lower-income residents.
The public light bus or minibus is a public transport service in Hong Kong.
A public security bureau (PSB) in China refers to a government office essentially acting as a police station or a local or provincial police; the smallest police stations are called police posts.
The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.
As trade was an important source of wealth for the Yue tribes of coastal China, south of the Yangtze River attracted the attention of Emperor Qin Shi Huang to undertake a series of military campaigns to conquer it.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
Qishan (18 January 1786 – 3 August 1854), courtesy name Jing'an, was a Mongol nobleman and official of the late Qing dynasty.
QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
Quartz (qz.com) is a news website owned by Atlantic Media.
Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
The Revolt of the Three Feudatories was a rebellion lasting from 1673 to 1681 in the Qing dynasty (1644–1912) during the early reign of the Kangxi Emperor (r. 1661–1722).
The right of abode in Hong Kong is the right to legally reside in Hong Kong without any limit or condition of stay being imposed by the Hong Kong Immigration Department.
Sir Robert Ho Tung Bosman, (22 December 1862 – 26 April 1956), better known as Sir Robert Hotung, was an influential Hong Kong businessman and philanthropist in British Hong Kong.
Route 1 (Chinese: 一號幹線) is a major artery in Hong Kong that runs in a generally north-south direction, connecting Aberdeen with Shatin.
Route 10 is the newest trunk route in the Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System.
Route 2 (Chinese: 二號幹綫) of Hong Kong is a series of expressways that runs from Quarry Bay of Hong Kong Island to Ma Liu Shui of the New Territories East, formerly known as route 6, and renamed as route 2 in 2004 under the route numbering scheme proposed in the same year.
Route 3 is a series of expressways in Hong Kong that runs from Sai Ying Pun on Hong Kong Island to Yuen Long in the New Territories, linking West Kowloon, Kwai Chung and Tsing Yi.
Route 8 of Hong Kong is a dual 3-lane carriageway motorway that links Lantau Island, Tsing Yi Island, Cheung Sha Wan in West Kowloon, and Sha Tin in the southeast New Territories of Hong Kong.
Route 9, Hong Kong is one of the strategic trunk roads, mostly in the form of a motorway, circumnavigating the New Territories.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK) is the public broadcasting service of Hong Kong.
Rural committee is a body representing the welfare of indigenous residents in the New Territories of Hong Kong.
A sanatorium (also spelled sanitorium and sanitarium) is a medical facility for long-term illness, most typically associated with treatment of tuberculosis (TB) in the late-nineteenth and twentieth century before the discovery of antibiotics.
The Second Battle of Chuenpi was fought between British and Chinese forces in the Pearl River Delta, Guangdong province, China, on 7January 1841 during the First Opium War.
The Second Opium War (第二次鴉片戰爭), the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The Second term of Donald Tsang as Chief Executive of Hong Kong, officially referred to as "The 3rd term Chief Executive of Hong Kong" relates to the period of governance of Hong Kong since the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong, between 1 July 2007 and 30 June 2012.
A secondary forest (or second-growth forest) is a forest or woodland area which has re-grown after a timber harvest, until a long enough period has passed so that the effects of the disturbance are no longer evident.
The Secretary for Justice is the head of the Hong Kong Department of Justice, the chief legal advisor to the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, and the chief law enforcement officer of the Government of Hong Kong.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, normally referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior, high-ranking official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
The Security Bureau is a body of the Government of Hong Kong responsible for a range of activities, including law enforcement, search and rescue and administer various laws in relation to the security of Hong Kong.
Self-censorship is the act of censoring or classifying one's own discourse.
Service economy can refer to one or both of two recent economic developments.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory disease of zoonotic origin caused by the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV).
Sex selection is the attempt to control the sex of the offspring to achieve a desired sex.
Sham Chun River (also called Shenzhen River in Shenzhen) serves as the natural border between Hong Kong and Mainland China, together with the Sha Tau Kok River and Deep Bay.
Shangchuan Island is the main island of Chuanshan Archipelago on the southern coast of Guangdong, China.
Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect is a cross-boundary investment channel that connects the Shanghai Stock Exchange and the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.
The Shanghai–Kowloon through train is an intercity railway service between Kowloon station (also known as Hung Hom station) in Hong Kong and the Shanghai railway station, jointly operated by the MTR of Hong Kong and China's national rail service (Shanghai Railway Bureau).
Shek Kip Mei Estate is the first public housing estate in Hong Kong.
The Shek Kong Airfield, ICAO: VHSK), formerly RAF Sek Kong or Sek Kong Airfield, is an airfield (airbase) located in Shek Kong, New Territories, Hong Kong. The station (airbase) houses units of People's Liberation Army Air Force as well as being open for civilian use during weekends. The closest MTR station is Kam Sheung Road.
Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China.
Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport (formerly Shenzhen Huangtian Airport) is the airport serving the city of Shenzhen, Guangdong province, China.
Shenzhen Bay Port is a port of entry in the People's Republic of China, on the border with its special administrative region of Hong Kong.
Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect is a cross-boundary investment channel that connects the Shenzhen Stock Exchange and the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.
Shidaiqu is a type of Chinese folk/American jazz fusion music that originated in Shanghai, China, in the 1920s.
Sir Shouson Chow (1861–1959), KBE, LLD, JP, also known as Chow Cheong-Ling, was a Hong Kong businessman.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China.
A stand-alone house (also called a single-detached dwelling, detached residence or detached house) is a free-standing residential building.
The Sino–British Joint Declaration, formally known as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong, was signed by Premier Zhao Ziyang of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher of the United Kingdom (UK) on behalf of their respective governments on 19 December 1984 in Beijing.
Siu yeh (Chinese: 宵夜 / 消夜; pinyin: Xiāoyè), also known as yexiao (夜宵; pinyin: yèxiāo), is a late night meal in the food culture of Hong Kong, Taiwan, and some parts of southern mainland China.
Siu yuk is a variety of siu mei, or roasted meat dishes, in Cantonese cuisine.
A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card that has embedded integrated circuits.
Social Science & Medicine is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering social science research on health, including anthropology, economics, geography, psychology, social epidemiology, social policy, sociology, medicine and health care practice, policy, and organization.
The Social Welfare Department is a department of the Hong Kong Government responsible for providing welfare services to the community.
Socialist law or Soviet law denotes a general type of legal system which has been used in communist and formerly communist states.
A socialist state, socialist republic or socialist country (sometimes workers' state or workers' republic) is a sovereign state constitutionally dedicated to the establishment of socialism.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Hong Kong has a long-established South Asian population.
The South China Morning Post (also known as SCMP or The Post), with its Sunday edition, the Sunday Morning Post, is a Hong Kong English-language newspaper and Hong Kong's newspaper of record.
The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from the Karimata and Malacca Straits to the Strait of Taiwan of around.
The special administrative regions (SAR) are one type of provincial-level administrative divisions of China directly under Central People's Government, which enjoys the highest degree of autonomy, and no or less interference by either Central Government or the Communist Party of China.
Springer Vieweg Verlag (formerly known as Vieweg+Teubner Verlag) is a German publishing company that specializes in books on technical subjects.
The Cathedral Church of Saint John the Evangelist is the oldest Anglican church in the Far East.
Standard Chartered Hong Kong (officially Standard Chartered Bank (Hong Kong) Limited) is a licensed bank incorporated in Hong Kong and a subsidiary of Standard Chartered.
The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) is a committee of about 150 members of the National People's Congress (NPC) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which is convened between plenary sessions of the NPC.
The Star Ferry is a passenger ferry service operator and tourist attraction in Hong Kong.
The State Council, constitutionally synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularly in relation to local governments), is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China.
Stonecutters Island or Ngong Shuen Chau (Hong Kong Hakka: Ngong2 Son2 Ziu1) is a former island in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong.
A submarine communications cable is a cable laid on the sea bed between land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals across stretches of ocean and sea.
Sung Wong Toi (lit. The Terrace of the Sung Dynasty emperors) is an important historic relic in Kowloon, Hong Kong.
The Supreme Court of Hong Kong was the highest court in Hong Kong prior to the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China in 1997 and heard cases of first instance and appeals from the District and Magisrates Courts as well as certain tribunals.
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
Ta Kung Pao (formerly L'Impartial) is the oldest active Chinese language newspaper in China.
Tai Mo Shan is the highest peak in Hong Kong, with an elevation of 957 m. It is also the tallest coastal peak in Southern China and second tallest coastal peak in China after Mount Lao, and located at approximately the geographical centre of the New Territories.
The Taiping Rebellion, also known as the Taiping Civil War or the Taiping Revolution, was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China that was waged from 1850 to 1864 between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom under Hong Xiuquan.
Sze Yap Cantonese (Chinese: 四邑廣東人; Taishanese: Sli Yip Gong Ong Ngin; Cantonese: Sei Yap Gwong Dong Yan; Mandarin: Si Yi Guang Dong Ren) represents the second largest Han group in Hong Kong after the group of people (Punti) originating from the Guangzhou-Sam Yap region.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Tamão was a trade settlement set up by the Portuguese on an island in the Pearl River Delta, China.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
Under Article 108 of the Basic Law of Hong Kong, the taxation system in Hong Kong is independent of, and different from, the taxation system in mainland China.
Telephone numbers in Hong Kong are mostly eight-digit.
Television in Hong Kong is primarily in Cantonese and English.
The Teochew people (also known as Tiê-Chiu in romanized Teochew, Chaozhou in Mandarin, and Chiuchow in Cantonese) are a Han Chinese native to the historical Chaozhou prefecture (now the Chaoshan region) of eastern Guangdong province.
Teresa Cheng Yeuk-wah, GBS, SC, JP (born 11 November 1958) is a Hong Kong Senior Counsel, arbitrator and politician.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
The Chinese University Press (中文大學出版社) is the university press of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Heritage Foundation (abbreviated to Heritage) is an American conservative public policy think tank based in Washington, D.C. The foundation took a leading role in the conservative movement during the presidency of Ronald Reagan, whose policies were taken from Heritage's policy study Mandate for Leadership.
The Hong Kong Council of Social Service (HKCSS) (Chinese: 香港社會服務聯會﹝簡稱社聯﹞) is a council co-ordinating NGOs in the social service field in Hong Kong, established in 1947.
HSBC, officially known as The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited, is a wholly owned subsidiary of HSBC, the largest bank in Hong Kong, and operates branches and offices throughout the Asia Pacific region, and in other countries around the world.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times International Edition is an English-language newspaper printed at 38 sites throughout the world and sold in more than 160 countries and territories.
The Nikkei,, is Nikkei, Inc.'s flagship publication and the world's largest financial newspaper, with a daily circulation exceeding three million.
The Standard is an English free newspaper in Hong Kong with a daily circulation in 2012 of 200,450.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.
The World of Suzie Wong is a 1960 British-American romantic drama film directed by Richard Quine.
In Chinese philosophy, the phrase three teachings refers to Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism when considered as a harmonious aggregate.
Tian Tan Buddha, also known as the Big Buddha, is a large bronze statue of Buddha Shakyamuni, completed in 1993, and located at Ngong Ping, Lantau Island, in Hong Kong.
The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known in mainland China as the June Fourth Incident (六四事件), were student-led demonstrations in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, in 1989.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
The Tin Hau Temple in Joss House Bay, sometimes referred to as Tai Miu is Hong Kong's oldest and largest Tin Hau Temple.
To Live, also titled Lifetimes in some English versions,Yu, Hua.
The term tong lau or qi lou is used to describe tenement buildings built in late 19th century to the 1960s in Hong Kong, Macau, southern China and Taiwan.
The Trade and Industry Department of the Hong Kong Government is responsible for supporting traders and small businesses in the global market.
A trade restriction is an artificial restriction on the trade of goods and/or services between two countries.
Traditional Chinese characters (Pinyin) are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946.
The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China, referred to as "the Handover" internationally or "the Return" in Mainland China, took place on 1 July 1997.
The transition from Ming to Qing or the Ming–Qing transition, also known as the Manchu conquest of China, was a period of conflict between the Qing dynasty, established by Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in Manchuria (contemporary Northeastern China), and the Ming dynasty of China in the south (various other regional or temporary powers were also associated with events, such as the short-lived Shun dynasty).
The Transport and Housing Bureau is an agency of the Government of Hong Kong responsible for a range of activities such as the internal and external transportation, including air services, land transport, maritime transport and logistics in Hong Kong.
The Transport Department of the Government of Hong Kong is a department of the civil service responsible for transportation-related policy in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong has a highly developed and sophisticated transport network, encompassing both public and private transport.
Transshipment or transhipment is the shipment of goods or containers to an intermediate destination, then to yet another destination.
The Treaty of Nanking or Nanjing was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August 1842.
Tseung Kwan O (also called Cheung Kwan O or Junk Bay) is a bay in Sai Kung District, New Territories, Hong Kong.
Tsing Ma Bridge is a bridge in Hong Kong.
Tsing Yi, sometimes referred to as Tsing Yi Island, is an island in the urban area of Hong Kong, to the northwest of Hong Kong Island and south of Tsuen Wan.
The Tsuen Wan line is one of the eleven lines of the metro network in Hong Kong's MTR.
The Tsui Sing Lau Pagoda is the only surviving ancient pagoda in Hong Kong.
Aberdeen to Yung Shue Wan. Tsui Wah Ferry's kaito for Wong Shek Pier to Tap Mun. Aberdeen to Po Toi Island. Tsui Wah Ferry Service (H. K.) Ltd is a ferry service operator in Hong Kong.
Tuen Mun Ferry Pier (屯門碼頭), or Tuen Mun Ferry Terminal, is a public pier located in the southern area of Tuen Mun, Hong Kong.
Tung Chee-hwa (born 7 July 1937) is a Shanghai-born Hong Kong businessman and politician.
The Tung Chung line is one of the eleven lines of the MTR system in Hong Kong, linking Tung Chung with Hong Kong Island.
Television Broadcasts Limited, commonly known as TVB, was the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong and commenced broadcasting on 19 November 1967.
Twins are a Hong Kong Cantopop duo that was created in the summer of 2001 by Emperor Entertainment Group (EEG).
A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere.
The ultraviolet index or UV Index is an international standard measurement of the strength of sunburn-producing ultraviolet (UV) radiation at a particular place and time.
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations (UN) program headquartered in New York City that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.
The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
The United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories is a list of places that the United Nations General Assembly deems to be "non-self-governing" and subject to the decolonization process.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
Universal health care (also called universal health coverage, universal coverage, universal care, or socialized health care) is a health care system that provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The University of Hawaii Press is a university press that is part of the University of Hawaiokinai.
The University of Hong Kong (often abbreviated as HKU) is a public research university located in Pokfulam, Hong Kong.
The University of Nottingham is a public research university in Nottingham, United Kingdom.
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.
Urban Studies is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering the field of urban studies.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Chinese, also known as Sinitic, is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation.
Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.
Vatican City (Città del Vaticano; Civitas Vaticana), officially the Vatican City State or the State of Vatican City (Stato della Città del Vaticano; Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent state located within the city of Rome.
Vice is a Canadian-American print magazine focused on arts, culture, and news topics.
The Viceroy of Liangguang or Viceroy of the Two Guangs, fully referred to in Chinese as the Governor-General, Commander and Quartermaster, Supervisor of Waterways, and Inspector-General of the Two Expanses and Surrounding Areas, was one of eight regional Viceroys in China proper during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
Victoria Harbour is a natural landform harbour situated between Hong Kong Island and Kowloon in Hong Kong.
Victoria Peak (or previously) is a mountain on the western half of Hong Kong Island.
The City of Victoria, often called Victoria City or simply Victoria, was the de facto capital of Hong Kong during the British colonial period.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Vietnamese boat people (Thuyền nhân Việt Nam), also known simply as boat people, were refugees who fled Vietnam by boat and ship following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975.
The visa policy of Hong Kong deals with the requirements in which a foreign national wishing to enter the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must meet to obtain an entry permit or visa, which depending on the traveller's nationality, may be required to travel to, enter, and remain in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Waglan Island is a member of the Po Toi group of islands in Hong Kong.
Wan Chai is a metropolitan area situated at the western part of the Wan Chai District on the northern shore of Hong Kong Island, in Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Mass Migration Wave was one of the waves of emigration of Hong Kong residents since the Second World War, accelerated by the Hong Kong 1967 Leftist Riots and extending into the 1980s and 1990s fuelled by Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
The Way of the Dragon (released in the United States as Return of the Dragon) is a 1972 Hong Kong martial arts action comedy film written, produced and directed by Bruce Lee, who also stars in the lead role.
Wen Wei Po is a Hong Kong-based Chinese language newspaper, first established in Shanghai in January 1938, with the Hong Kong version launched on 9 September 1948.
West Kowloon is a part of Kowloon, Hong Kong situated within the Yau Tsim Mong District.
The West Kowloon Cultural District (abbreviated WKCD) is a development project that aims to form an international-grade arts and culture hub on an area of land in West Kowloon, Hong Kong that was originally reclaimed in the 1990s as part of the Airport Core Programme.
West Kowloon (abbreviated WKS), also known as Hong Kong West Kowloon, is the terminus of the Hong Kong section of the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL), and is currently under construction.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
Westview Press was an American publishing house.
White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
The Worldwide Independent Network/Gallup International Association (WIN/GIA) was an international cooperation of independent market research and polling firms.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
Wong Tai Sin Temple is a well known shrine and tourist attraction in Hong Kong.
The workforce or labour force (labor force in American English; see spelling differences) is the labour pool in employment.
The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
The World Tourism rankings are compiled by the United Nations World Tourism Organization as part of their World Tourism Barometer publication, which is released three times throughout the year.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wu Tingfang (also known as Ng Choy or Ng AchoyLincolns Inn,; 30 July 184223 June 1922) was a Chinese diplomat and politician who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and briefly as Acting Premier during the early years of the Republic of China.
The Yale romanization of Cantonese was developed by Gerard P. Kok for his and Parker Po-fei Huang's textbook Speak Cantonese initially circulated in looseleaf form in 1952 but later published in 1958.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
The is a Japanese newspaper published in Tokyo, Osaka, Fukuoka, and other major Japanese cities.
The Young Plan was a constitutional reform proposal carried out in 1946 attempting to introduce representative democracy in Colonial Hong Kong.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Yum cha, is the Cantonese tradition of brunch involving Chinese tea and dim sum.
Zhao Tuo, known in Vietnamese contexts as Triệu Đà, was a Qin dynasty Chinese general who participated in the conquest of the Baiyue peoples of Guangdong, Guangxi and Northern Vietnam.
Zhuhai (Yale: Jyūhói; literally: "Pearl Sea") is a prefecture-level city on the southern coast of Guangdong province in China.
Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain is a 1983 Hong Kong supernatural fantasy film directed by Tsui Hark, who attempts to combine Hong Kong action cinema with Western special effects technology.
.hk is the designated Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Hong Kong.
The 1985 Hong Kong electoral reform introduced the first ever indirect election to the colonial legislature during the last years of the British colonial rule in Hong Kong.
The 1994 Commonwealth Games were held in Victoria, in the province of British Columbia in Canada, from 18 to 28 August 1994.
The 1994 Hong Kong electoral reform was a set of significant constitutional changes in the last years of British colonial rule in Hong Kong before the handover of its sovereignty to the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997.
The 1995 Dynasty Cup was a football competition for the top four teams of East Asia.
The 1996 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially referred to as the Centennial Olympic Games, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from July 19 to August 4, 1996, in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
The Asian financial crisis was a period of financial crisis that gripped much of East Asia beginning in July 1997 and raised fears of a worldwide economic meltdown due to financial contagion.
The 2007 Premier League Asia Trophy (Traditional chinese: 巴克萊亞洲錦標賽) was the third edition of the Premier League Asia Trophy, a four-team association football tournament held every two years.
The 2009 East Asian Games, officially known as the V East Asian Games, was an international multi-sport event that took place in Hong Kong, China, between 5 December and 13 December 2009.
A series of sit-in street protests, often called the Umbrella Revolution and sometimes used interchangeably with Umbrella Movement, occurred in Hong Kong from 26 September to 15 December 2014.
The Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on Issues Relating to the Selection of the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region by Universal Suffrage and on the Method for Forming the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in the Year 2016, commonly known as 31 August Decision, is a decision made by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC), the national legislative body of the People's Republic of China (PRC) on 31 August 2014 which set limits for the 2017 Chief Executive election and 2016 Legislative Council election in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR).
The Hong Kong electoral reform was a proposed reform for the 2017 Hong Kong Chief Executive election and 2016 Legislative Council election.
99% Invisible is an independently produced radio show created by Roman Mars that focuses on design and architecture.
A 99-year lease was, under historic common law, the longest possible term of a lease of real property.
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