110 relations: Ancient Rome, Anglicanism, Asia, Augustus (title), Bantu languages, Bench (metonymy), Benevolent assimilation, Bengali language, Brunei, Canadian honorifics, Captain, Catholic Church, Chinese honorifics, Civil aviation, Clergy, Coach (sport), Colombia, Comecon, Comrade, Conflation, Doctor (title), Doctor of Philosophy, Doctorate, Domestic worker, Eastern Orthodox Church, Egalitarianism, Egotism, Emperor of Japan, Engineer, English honorifics, Esquire, Etiquette, French honorifics, French Revolution, Gender-neutral title, Ghana, Grammatical person, Grand duchy, Gujarati language, Highness, Hindi, History of China, Honorary title (academic), Honorifics (linguistics), Honorifics in Judaism, India, Indian honorifics, Islamic honorifics, Italian honorifics, Japan, ..., Japanese grammar, Japanese honorifics, Javanese people, Kannada, King, Korean honorifics, Kumari (goddess), Kunya (Arabic), Law enforcement officer, Lawyer, List of titles, Malay language, Malaysia, Marathi language, Marital status, Mawlānā, Miss, Morphology (linguistics), Mr., Mrs., Ms., Mullah, Mx (title), Officer (armed forces), Oriental Orthodoxy, Pakistan, Persian language, Pilot in command, Pope, Prince, Privy council, Professor, Pronoun, Puerto Rico, Quakers, Queen consort, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Rabbi, Sardar, Serene Highness, Shrimati, Sikh, Singapore, Socialism, Spanish language, Sri, Style (manner of address), Swahili language, Tagalog language, Tamil language, T–V distinction, Telugu language, Thai royal and noble titles, The Honourable, The Reverend, Title, Turkish language, Urdu, Vietnamese pronouns, Yorubaland. Expand index (60 more) » « Shrink index
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Augustus (plural augusti;;, Latin for "majestic", "the increaser" or "venerable"), was an ancient Roman title given as both name and title to Gaius Octavius (often referred to simply as Augustus), Rome's first Emperor.
The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.
Bench can be used as a figure of speech for a group of people associated with sitting on particular benches.
"Benevolent Assimilation" The term Benevolent Assimilation refers to a policy of the United States towards the Philippines as described in a proclamation by U.S. President William McKinley issued on December 21, 1898.
Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia.
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
Canadian honorifics are few in number, and many of them are maintained from before Confederation and originate from the British honours system.
Captain and chief officer are overlapping terms, formal or informal, for the commander of a military unit, the commander of a ship, airplane, spacecraft, or other vessel, or the commander of a port, fire department or police department, election precinct, etc.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Chinese honorifics are words and phrases that indicate social respect or deference in the spoken or written language.
Civil aviation is one of two major categories of flying, representing all non-military aviation, both private and commercial.
Clergy are some of the main and important formal leaders within certain religions.
In sports, a coach is a person involved in the direction, instruction and training of the operations of a sports team or of individual sportspeople.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (English abbreviation COMECON, CMEA, or CAME) was an economic organization from 1949 to 1991 under the leadership of the Soviet Union that comprised the countries of the Eastern Bloc along with a number of communist states elsewhere in the world.
The term comrade is used to mean "friend", "mate", "colleague", or "ally", and derives from the Iberian Romance language term camarada, literally meaning "chamber mate", from Latin camera "chamber" or "room".
Conflation happens when the identities of two or more individuals, concepts, or places, sharing some characteristics of one another, seem to be a single identity, and the differences appear to become lost.
Doctor is an academic title that originates from the Latin word of the same spelling and meaning.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
A doctorate (from Latin docere, "to teach") or doctor's degree (from Latin doctor, "teacher") or doctoral degree (from the ancient formalism licentia docendi) is an academic degree awarded by universities that is, in most countries, a research degree that qualifies the holder to teach at the university level in the degree's field, or to work in a specific profession.
A domestic worker, domestic helper, domestic servant, manservant or menial, is a person who works within the employer's household.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.
Egotism is the drive to maintain and enhance favorable views of oneself, and generally features an inflated opinion of one's personal features and importance.
The Emperor of Japan is the head of the Imperial Family and the head of state of Japan.
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
In the English language, an English honorific is a form of address indicating respect.
Esquire (abbreviated Esq.) is usually a courtesy title.
Etiquette is a code of behavior that delineates expectations for social behavior according to contemporary conventional norms within a society, social class, or group.
French honorifics are based on the wide use of Madame for women and Monsieur for men.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
A gender neutral title is an honorific title that does not indicate the gender of the person being formally addressed, such as in a letter or other communication, or when introducing the person to others.
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Grammatical person, in linguistics, is the grammatical distinction between deictic references to participant(s) in an event; typically the distinction is between the speaker (first person), the addressee (second person), and others (third person).
A grand duchy is a country or territory whose official head of state or ruler is a monarch bearing the title of grand duke or grand duchess.
Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat.
Highness (abbreviation HH, oral address Your Highness) is a formal style used to address (in second person) or refer to (in third person) certain members of a reigning or formerly reigning dynasty.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.
Honorary titles in academia may be conferred on persons in recognition of contributions by a non-employee or by an employee beyond regular duties.
In linguistics, an honorific (abbreviated) is a grammatical or morphosyntactic form that encodes the relative social status of the participants of the conversation.
There are a number of honorifics in Judaism that vary depending on the status of, and the relationship to, the person to whom one is referring.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian honorifics are honorific titles or appendices to names used in India, covering formal and informal social, commercial, and religious relationships.
Islam uses a number of "conventionally complimentary phrases" or durood, sometimes called Islamic honorifics, ‘blessings’, ‘titles’ or even ‘prayers’.
These are some of the honorifics used in Italy.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Japanese is a synthetic language with a regular agglutinative subject-object-verb (SOV) morphology, with both productive and fixed elements.
The Japanese language makes use of honorific suffixes when referring to others in a conversation.
The Javanese (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:,See: Javanese language: Politeness Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Jåwå, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Jawi, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Jawi, Indonesian: suku Jawa) are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java.
Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Goa and abroad.
King, or King Regnant is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts.
The Korean language reflects the important observance of a speaker or writer's relationships with both the subject of the sentence and the audience.
Kumari, or Kumari Devi, or Living Goddess – Nepal is the tradition of worshipping young pre-pubescent girls as manifestations of the divine female energy or devi in Hindu religious traditions.
A kunya (كنية, kunyah) is a teknonym in Arabic names, the name of an adult derived from his or her eldest child.
A law enforcement officer (LEO) or peace officer, in North American English, is a public-sector employee whose duties primarily involve the enforcement of laws.
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, counsel, counselor, counsellor, counselor at law, or solicitor, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
This is a list of personal titles arranged in a sortable table.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Marathi (मराठी Marāṭhī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people of Maharashtra, India.
Civil status, or marital status, is any of several distinct options that describe a person's relationship with a significant other.
Mawlānā (from Arabic مولانا, literally "our lord/master") is a title, mostly in Central Asia and in the Indian subcontinent, preceding the name of respected Muslim religious leaders, in particular graduates of religious institutions, e.g. a madrassa or a darul uloom, or scholars who have studied under other Islamic scholars.
Miss (pronounced) is an English language honorific traditionally used only for an unmarried woman (not using another title such as "Doctor" or "Dame").
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
Mister, usually written in its abbreviated form Mr. (US) or Mr (UK), is a commonly used English honorific for men under the rank of knighthood.
Mrs. (American English) or Mrs (British English) (Standard English pronunciation) is a commonly used English honorific used for women, usually for those who are married and who do not instead use another title (or rank), such as Dr, Professor, President, Dame, Prime Minister, etc.
"Ms" or "Ms." (normally, but also, or when unstressed)Oxford English Dictionary online, Ms, n.2.
Mullah (ملا, Molla, ملا / Mollâ, Molla, মোল্লা) is derived from the Arabic word مَوْلَى mawlā, meaning "vicar", "master" and "guardian".
Mx ("mix"), is an English language neologistic honorific that indicates a gender other than male or female, or no gender.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
Oriental Orthodoxy is the fourth largest communion of Christian churches, with about 76 million members worldwide.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
The pilot in command (PIC) of an aircraft is the person aboard the aircraft who is ultimately responsible for its operation and safety during flight.
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
A prince is a male ruler or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family ranked below a king and above a duke.
A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government.
Professor (commonly abbreviated as Prof.) is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries.
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun (abbreviated) is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
Quakers (or Friends) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church.
A queen consort is the wife of a reigning king (or an empress consort in the case of an emperor).
Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon.
In Judaism, a rabbi is a teacher of Torah.
Sardar (سردار,; "Commander" literally; "Headmaster"), also spelled as Sirdar, Sardaar, Shordar or Serdar, is a title of nobility that was originally used to denote princes, noblemen, and other aristocrats.
His/Her Serene Highness (abbreviation: HSH, oral address: Your Serene Highness) is a style used today by the sovereign families of Liechtenstein and Monaco.
Shrimati or Shreemati (श्रीमती), abbreviated Smt., is a widely accepted Indian honorific (akin to Mrs. in English language) used when referring to a married woman in some Indian languages including Sanskrit, Hindi, Kannada, Bengali, Odia, Malayalam and Telugu, and sometimes in English as well (in an Indian context).
A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a person associated with Sikhism, a monotheistic religion that originated in the 15th century based on the revelation of Guru Nanak.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Sri (Devanagari: श्री, IAST: Śrī, IPA: /ʃɹiː/ or /ɕɹiː/, pronounced 'shri'), also transliterated as Sree, Shri, Shri, Si or Seri is a word of Sanskrit origin, used in the Indian subcontinent as a polite form of address equivalent to the English "Mr." or "Ms." in written and spoken language, but also as a title of veneration for deities.
A style of office or honorific is an official or legally recognized title.
Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people.
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
In sociolinguistics, a T–V distinction (from the Latin pronouns tu and vos) is a contrast, within one language, between various forms of addressing one's conversation partner or partners that are specialized for varying levels of politeness, social distance, courtesy, familiarity, age or insult toward the addressee.
Telugu (తెలుగు) is a South-central Dravidian language native to India.
Thai royal and noble titles are the royal and noble styles indicating relationship to the king which were introduced by King Trailokanat (reigned 1448–1488).
The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable (abbreviated to The Hon., Hon. or formerly The Hon'ble—the latter term is still used in South Asia) is a style that is used before the names of certain classes of people.
The Reverend is an honorific style most often placed before the names of Christian clergy and ministers.
A title is a prefix or suffix added to someone's name in certain contexts.
Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeast Europe (mostly in East and Western Thrace) and 60–65 million native speakers in Western Asia (mostly in Anatolia).
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
In general, a Vietnamese pronoun can serve as a noun phrase.
Yorubaland is the cultural region of the Yoruba people in West Africa.