312 relations: Advance-deposit wagering, Alameda County Fairgrounds, All-Ireland, American Paint Horse, American Quarter Horse, American Quarter Horse Association, American Stud Book, Anaerobic exercise, Ancient Greece, Ancient Olympic Games, Animal rights, Appaloosa, AQPS, Arabian horse, Arima Kinen, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Artificial insemination, Ascot Racecourse, Auburn, California, Austerity, Australia, Babylon, Baltimore, Ban'ei, Barbary Coast, Bay (horse), Beijing Jockey Club, Belmont Park, Belmont Stakes, Betting pool, Black (horse), Blacks A Fake, Bookmaker, Breed, Breeders Crown, Breeders' Cup, Breeders' Stakes, British Horseracing Authority, Bukit Timah, Byerley Turk, Byzantine Empire, California, Camden, South Carolina, Canadian Derby, Canadian dollar, Canadian International Stakes, Canter and gallop, Cape Town, Carbine (horse), Cardigan Bay (horse), ..., Carnival, Champ de Mars Racecourse, Chantilly Racecourse, Chargé d'affaires, Chariot racing, Charles Whitworth, 1st Earl Whitworth, Cheltenham Festival, Chestnut (coat), China, Churchill Downs, Classical antiquity, Colonial Spanish Horse, Communism, Conditions races, Coolmore Stud, Crisp (horse), Cruelty to animals, Culture of the United Kingdom, Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, Darley Arabian, Deauville-La Touques Racecourse, Derby (horse race), Desert Gold, Dosage Index, Dubai Kahayla Classic, Dubai World Cup, Duindigt, Durban July Handicap, Edward Draper, Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby, Egypt, Embryo transfer, Endurance riding, Epsom Derby, Epsom Downs Racecourse, Equestrianism, February Stakes, Federico Tesio, Ferdinand (horse), Finnhorse, Flanders, Flat racing, France Galop, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, French Trotter, Fully automatic time, Furlong, Gambling, Germany, Glossary of Australian and New Zealand punting, Glossary of North American horse racing, Godolphin Arabian, Going (horse racing), Golden Gate Fields, Gordon Richards, Grand National, Grand Prix de Paris, Grandstand, Gray (horse), Greyville Racecourse, Gross domestic product, Group races, Han Chinese, Hand (unit), Handicap (horse racing), Happy Valley Racecourse, Harness racing, Hawkesbury River, Henrico County, Virginia, Hippodrome de Wallonie, Hippodrome Waregem, Hippodrome Wellington, History of the United States, Hong Kong, Hong Kong Jockey Club, Horse, Horse gait, Horse length, Horse racing in the Philippines, Horse tack, Hrungnir, Hubei, Humane Society of the United States, Hurdling (horse race), Inner Mongolia, Instant Racing, Inter Dominion, Italy, Japan, Japan Cup, Japan Racing Association, Jeju horse, Jockey, Jockey Challenge, Jockey Club, Johannesburg, Karachi Race Club, Keeneland, Kentucky Derby, Kincsem, King's Stand Stakes, Kladruby nad Labem, Korean War, Kranji, Kumamoto, Lahore Race Club, LetsRun Park Seoul, List of horse breeds, List of horse racing venues, List of jockeys, Little India, Singapore, Lone Star Park, Long Island, Longchamp Racecourse, Louisville, Kentucky, Macau, Makybe Diva, Malaysia, Market maker, Maryland, Match racing, Mauritius, Meadowlands Racetrack, Melbourne Cup, Middle East, Mokotów Field, Mongol Derby, Mongolia, Mongols, Monmouth Cup, Mons, Mule, Myocyte, Naadam, Nakayama Grand Jump, Nakayama Racecourse, Nassau County, New York, National Association of Racing, National Games of China, National Horseracing Authority, National Hunt flat race, National Hunt racing, National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame, New South Wales, New Zealand, Nightmarch, Nijinsky (horse), Norse mythology, North America Cup, Northern Dancer, Odin, Oklahoma City, Ostend, Overdose (horse), Pakistan, Paleface Adios, Palomino, Panhellenic Games, Parimutuel betting, Pegasus World Cup, Penang Turf Club, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, Phar Lap, Pimlico Race Course, Placer County, California, Pleasanton Fairgrounds Racetrack, Point-to-point (steeplechase), Por una Cabeza, Port Louis, Prague, Preakness Stakes, Prince of Wales Stakes, Prix de Diane, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, Prix du Jockey Club, Purse distribution, Queen's Plate, Racehorse injuries, Racing Post, Red Rum, Remington Park, Reuters, Richard Nicolls, Rising Fast, Roan (horse), Rodeo, Roman Empire, Russian Trotter, Rzewuski family, Santa Anita Park, Saratoga Springs, New York, Scandinavian coldblood trotter, Second Sino-Japanese War, Secretariat (horse), Selangor Turf Club, Selle Français, Sha Tin Racecourse, Shahzada (horse race), Shanghai, Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai Race Club, Singapore, Singapore Turf Club, South Africa, Southern Hemisphere, Special administrative regions of China, Sport, Squaw Valley, Placer County, California, St Leger Stakes, Standardbred, Stanley Dancer, Steeplechase (horse racing), Stud (animal), Sulky, Sunline, Sydney, Syria, Taiwan, Takamatsunomiya Kinen, Takarazuka Kinen, Tenno Sho, Tevis Cup, The Hague, Thomas Darley, Thoroughbred, Thoroughbred horse racing, Tian Ji, Tianjin, Tokyo Racecourse, Toronto–Dominion Bank, Track surface, Tradition, Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers, Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters, Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (United States), Tulloch (horse), Turffontein Racecourse, Ujazdów Castle, United Arab Emirates, United States, University of Arizona, Velká pardubická, Via del Corso, Virginia, Wallonia, Waregem, Warsaw, Wassenaar, Westbury, New York, White (horse), Windsor Racecourse, Wise Dan, Wola, Woodbine Mile, Woodbine Oaks, Woodbine Racetrack, Wuhan, Yasuda Kinen, Zhou dynasty, 1988 Summer Olympics, 2000 Guineas Stakes. 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Advance-deposit wagering (ADW) is a form of gambling on the outcome of horse races in which bettors must fund their account before being allowed to place bets.
The Alameda County Fairgrounds is a facility located in Pleasanton, California.
"All-Ireland" is an attributive term which emphasises the whole of the island of Ireland.
The American Paint Horse is a breed of horse that combines both the conformational characteristics of a western stock horse with a pinto spotting pattern of white and dark coat colors.
The American Quarter Horse, or Quarter Horse, is an American breed of horse that excels at sprinting short distances.
The American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA), based in Amarillo, Texas, is an international organization dedicated to the preservation, improvement and record-keeping of the American Quarter Horse.
The American Stud Book is the stud book for the Thoroughbred horse in the United States.
Anaerobic exercise is a physical exercise intense enough to cause lactate to form.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
The ancient Olympic Games were originally a festival, or celebration of and for Zeus; later, events such as a footrace, a javelin contest, and wrestling matches were added.
Animal rights is the idea in which some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.
The Appaloosa is an American horse breed best known for its colorful spotted coat pattern.
AQPS ("Autre Que Pur-Sang"), translated as "Other than Thoroughbred" (not "Other than Pure-Blood"), is a general term used in France to refer to horses not listed as Thoroughbreds.
The Arabian or Arab horse (الحصان العربي, DMG ḥiṣān ʿarabī) is a breed of horse that originated on the Arabian Peninsula.
The Arima Kinen (有馬記念) is a Grade I flat horse race in Japan open to Thoroughbreds which are three-years-old or above.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's uterus or cervix for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse.
Ascot Racecourse ("ascot" pronounced, often incorrectly pronounced) is a British racecourse, located in Ascot, Berkshire, England, which is used for thoroughbred horse racing.
Auburn is a city in and the county seat of Placer County, California.
Austerity is a political-economic term referring to policies that aim to reduce government budget deficits through spending cuts, tax increases, or a combination of both.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Babylon (KA2.DIĜIR.RAKI Bābili(m); Aramaic: בבל, Babel; بَابِل, Bābil; בָּבֶל, Bavel; ܒܒܠ, Bāwēl) was a key kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia from the 18th to 6th centuries BC.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
is a form of horse racing.
The Barbary Coast, or Berber Coast, was the term used by Europeans from the 16th until the early 19th century to refer to much of the collective land of the Berber people.
Bay is a hair coat color of horses, characterized by a reddish-brown body color with a black mane, tail, ear edges, and lower legs.
Beijing Jockey Club (BJC), located in the Tongzhou District of Beijing and covering an area of 1.6 square kilometres, was one of the largest international standard horse-racing clubs in Asia.
Belmont Park is a major Thoroughbred horse-racing facility in the northeastern United States, located in just east of the limits. Opened on May 4, 1905, it is operated by the non-profit New York Racing Association, as are Aqueduct and Saratoga Race Course. The group was formed in 1955 as the Greater New York Association to assume the assets of the individual associations that ran Belmont, Aqueduct, Saratoga, and the now-defunct Jamaica Racetrack. Belmont Park is typically open for racing from late April through mid-July (known as the Spring meet), and again from mid-September through late October (the Fall meet). It is widely-known as the home of the Belmont Stakes in early June, regarded as the "Test of the Champion", the third leg of the Triple Crown. Along with Saratoga in Upstate New York, Keeneland and Churchill Downs in Kentucky, and Del Mar and Santa Anita in California, Belmont is considered one of the elite racetracks in North America. The race park's main dirt track has earned the nickname, "the Big Sandy," given its prominent overall dimensions and the deep, sometimes tiring surface. Belmont is also sometimes known as "The Championship Track" because almost every major champion in racing history since the early 20th century has competed on the racecourse – including all of the Triple Crown winners. Belmont hosted its largest crowd in 2004, when 120,139 saw Smarty Jones upset by Birdstone in its Triple Crown bid.
The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I stakes Thoroughbred horse race held every June at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York.
A betting pool, sports lottery, sweep, or office pool if done at work, is a form of gambling, specifically a variant of parimutuel betting influenced by lotteries, where gamblers pay a fixed price into a pool (from which taxes and a house "take" or "vig" are removed), and then make a selection on an outcome, usually related to sport.
Black is a hair coat color of horses in which the entire hair coat is black.
Blacks A Fake is a brown Standardbred gelding that won the 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2010 Inter Dominion Championships, making him the only four-time winner of Australasia's premier harness race.
A bookmaker, bookie, or turf accountant is an organization or a person that accepts and pays off bets on sporting and other events at agreed-upon odds.
A breed is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance (phenotype), homogeneous behavior, and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species.
The Breeders Crown is an annual series of Harness races in the United States covering each of the sport's twelve traditional categories of age, gait and gender.
The Breeders' Cup World Championships is an annual series of Grade I Thoroughbred horse races, operated by Breeders' Cup Limited, a company formed in 1982.
The Breeders' Stakes is a stakes race for Thoroughbred race horses foaled in Canada, first run in 1889.
The British Horseracing Authority, also known simply as the BHA, is the regulatory authority for horse racing in Great Britain.
Bukit Timah (புக்கித் திமா), often abbreviated as Bt Timah, is a planning area and residential estate located in the westernmost part of the Central Region of Singapore.
The Byerley Turk (c. 1680 – c. 1706), also spelled Byerly Turk, was the earliest of three stallions that were the founders of the modern Thoroughbred horse racing bloodstock (the other two are Godolphin Arabian and Darley Arabian).
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Camden is a city in Kershaw County, South Carolina, United States.
The Canadian Derby is a Canadian Thoroughbred horse race run annually at Northlands Park in Edmonton, Alberta.
The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada.
The Canadian International Stakes is a Grade I Canadian stakes race for thoroughbred racehorses three years of age and up on Turf.
The canter and gallop are variations on the fastest gait that can be performed by a horse or other equine.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
Carbine (1885–1914), was an outstanding New Zealand bred Thoroughbred racehorse, who competed in New Zealand and later Australia.
Cardigan Bay was a New Zealand harness racing pacer foaled 1 September 1956.
Carnival (see other spellings and names) is a Western Christian and Greek Orthodox festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent.
The Champ de Mars Racecourse is a thoroughbred horse race track in Port Louis, Mauritius.
Chantilly Racecourse (In French: "Hippodrome de Chantilly") is a Thoroughbred turf racecourse for flat racing in Chantilly, Oise, France, about north of the centre of the city of Paris.
A chargé d'affaires, often shortened to chargé (French) and sometimes to charge-D (abbreviated in colloquial English), is a diplomat who heads an embassy in the absence of the ambassador.
Chariot racing (harmatodromia, ludi circenses) was one of the most popular ancient Greek, Roman, and Byzantine sports.
Charles Whitworth, 1st Earl Whitworth GCB, PC (29 May 1752 – 13 May 1825), known as The Lord Whitworth between 1800 and 1813 and as The Viscount Whitworth between 1813 and 1815, was a British diplomat and politician.
The Cheltenham Festival is a meeting in the National Hunt racing calendar in the United Kingdom, with race prize money second only to the Grand National.
Chestnut is a hair coat color of horses consisting of a reddish-to-brown coat with a mane and tail the same or lighter in color than the coat.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Churchill Downs, located on Central Avenue in south Louisville, Kentucky, United States, is a Thoroughbred racetrack most famous for annually hosting the Kentucky Derby.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
The Colonial Spanish horse is the term, popularized by Dr.
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
Conditions races are horse races in which the weights carried by the runners are laid down by the conditions attached to the race.
Coolmore Stud, in Fethard, County Tipperary in Ireland, is headquarters of the world's largest breeding operation of thoroughbred racehorses.
Crisp was a champion steeplechase horse.
Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse, animal neglect or animal cruelty, is the infliction by omission (animal neglect) or by commission by humans of suffering or harm upon any non-human animal.
The culture of the United Kingdom is influenced by the UK's history as a developed state, a liberal democracy and a great power; its predominantly Christian religious life; and its composition of four countries—England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland—each of which has distinct customs, cultures and symbolism.
The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area, the official title designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget, encompasses 13 counties within the U.S. state of Texas.
The Darley Arabian (foaled c. 1700) was one of three dominant foundation sires of modern Thoroughbred horse racing bloodstock, whose arrival in England during the reign of Queen Anne was the event which "forms the great epoch from which the history of the Turf should be dated".
Hippodrome Deauville-La Touques is a race track for thoroughbred horse racing located in Deauville in the Calvados département, in the Normandy région of France.
A derby is a type of horse race named after the Derby Stakes run at Epsom Downs Racecourse in England.
Desert Gold was a famous and successful New Zealand Thoroughbred racehorse who raced at the time of World War I. She raced in Australia and New Zealand, winning 36 races, including 19 in succession.
The Dosage Index is a mathematical figure used by breeders of Thoroughbred race horses, and sometimes by bettors handicapping horse races, to quantify a horse's ability, or inability, to negotiate the various distances at which horse races are run.
The Dubai Kahayla Classic is a Group 1 race for Purebred Arabians held on Dubai World Cup Night at Meydan Racecourse in Dubai.
| The Dubai World Cup (Arabic:كأس دبي العالمي) is a Thoroughbred horse race held annually since 1996 and contested at the Meydan Racecourse (Arabic:ميدان) which in Arabic suggests a place where people congregate and compete, a sort of meeting point in the Emirate of Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Renbaan Duindigt is a horse racing venue in Wassenaar near The Hague, in the Netherlands.
The Durban July Handicap is a South African Thoroughbred horse race held annually on the first Saturday of July since 1897 at Greyville Racecourse in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal.
Edward Alured Draper (22 October 1776 in Oxfordshire, United Kingdom – 22 April 1841 in Rivière Noire, Mauritius) was a military officer in the British Army and civil servant in Mauritius.
Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby PC (12 December 1752 – 21 October 1834), usually styled Lord Stanley from 1771 to 1776, was a British peer and politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Embryo transfer refers to a step in the process of assisted reproduction in which embryos are placed into the uterus of a female with the intent to establish a pregnancy.
Endurance riding is an equestrian sport based on controlled long-distance races.
The Derby Stakes, officially the Investec Derby, popularly known as the Derby, is a Group 1 flat horse race in England open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies.
Epsom Downs is a Grade 1 racecourse located in Epsom, Surrey, England which is used for thoroughbred horse racing.
Equestrianism (from Latin equester, equestr-, equus, horseman, horse), more often known as riding, horse riding (British English) or horseback riding (American English), refers to the skill of riding, driving, steeplechasing or vaulting with horses.
The is a Grade 1 flat horse race in Japan for four-year-old and above thoroughbreds.
Federico Tesio (17 January 1869 – 01 May 1954) was an Italian and a breeder of Thoroughbreds for horse racing.
Ferdinand (March 12, 1983 – 2002) was a Thoroughbred racehorse that won the 1986 Kentucky Derby and 1987 Breeders' Cup Classic.
The Finnhorse or Finnish Horse (Suomenhevonen, literally "horse of Finland"; nickname: Suokki, or Finskt kallblod, literally "finnish cold-blood") is a horse breed with both riding horse and draught horse influences and characteristics, and is the only breed developed fully in Finland.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
Flat racing is a form of horse racing which is run on a level racecourse.
France Galop is the governing body of flat and steeplechase horse racing in France.
Francis II (Franz; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire led by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz.
The French Trotter is a horse breed from Normandy, France, developed in the 19th century from Norman horses with the addition of some English Thoroughbred and Norfolk Trotter blood.
Fully automatic time (abbreviated FAT) is a form of race timing in which the clock is automatically activated by the starting device, and the finish time is either automatically recorded, or timed by analysis of a photo finish.
A furlong is a measure of distance in imperial units and U.S. customary units equal to one eighth of a mile, equivalent to 660 feet, 220 yards, 40 rods, or 10 chains.
Gambling is the wagering of money or something of value (referred to as "the stakes") on an event with an uncertain outcome with the primary intent of winning money or material goods.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Australian and New Zealand punting glossary explains some of the terms, jargon and slang which are commonly used and heard on Australian and New Zealand racecourses, in TABs, on radio, and in the horse racing media.
Glossary of North American horse racing: Additional glossaries at.
The Godolphin Arabian (–1753), also known as the Godolphin Barb, was an Arabian horse or Barb horse who was one of three stallions that founded the modern Thoroughbred (the others were the Darley Arabian and the Byerley Turk).
Going (UK), track condition (US) or track rating (AUS) are the terms used to describe the track surface of a horse racing track prior to a horse race or race meet.
Golden Gate Fields is an American horse racing track straddling both Albany, California and Berkeley, California along the shoreline of San Francisco Bay adjacent to the Eastshore Freeway in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Sir Gordon Richards (5 May 1904 – 10 November 1986) was an English jockey.
The Grand National is a National Hunt horse race held annually at Aintree Racecourse in Liverpool, England.
| The Grand Prix de Paris is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies.
A grandstand is a large and normally permanent structure for seating spectators, most often at a racetrack.
Gray or grey is a coat color of horses characterized by progressive silvering of the colored hairs of the coat.
Greyville Racecourse is a Thoroughbred horse race track in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Group races, also known as Pattern races, or Graded races in some jurisdictions, are the highest level of races in Thoroughbred horse racing.
The Han Chinese,.
The hand is a non-SI unit of measurement of length standardized to.
A handicap race in horse racing is a race in which horses carry different weights, allocated by the handicapper.
The Happy Valley Racecourse is one of the two racecourses for horse racing and is a tourist attraction in Hong Kong.
Harness racing is a form of horse racing in which the horses race at a specific gait (a trot or a pace).
The Hawkesbury River (also Hawkesbury-Nepean River), is a semi–mature tide dominated drowned valley estuary located to the west and north of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Henrico County (formerly Henrico Shire), officially the County of Henrico, is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Hippodrome de Wallonie is a horse racing venue located in Mons, Wallonia, Belgium.
Hippodrome Waregem (Dutch: Hippodroom van Waregem), located in Waregem, Belgium, is used for horse racing.
The Hippodrome Wellington (also Wellingtonrenbaan) is a horse racing track in Ostend in the Flemish Region of Belgium built in 1883, renovated in 2011 and named after Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.
The history of the United States began with the settlement of Indigenous people before 15,000 BC.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The Hong Kong Jockey Club (HKJC) is one of the oldest institutions in Hong Kong.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
Horse gaits are the various ways in which a horse can move, either naturally or as a result of specialized training by humans.
A horse length, or simply length, is a unit of measurement for the length of a horse from nose to tail, approximately.
Horseracing in the Philippines began as a recreational activity in 1867.
Tack is a piece of equipment or accessory equipped on horses in the course of their use as domesticated animals.
Hrungnir (Old Norse "brawler"Orchard (1997:91).) was a jötunn in Norse mythology, slain by the god Thor with his hammer Mjölnir.
Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the Central China region.
The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), based in Washington, D.C., is an American nonprofit organization founded by journalist Fred Myers and Helen Jones, Larry Andrews, and Marcia Glaser in 1954, to address what they saw as animal-related cruelties of national scope, and to resolve animal welfare problems by applying strategies beyond the resources or abilities of local organizations.
A hurdle race in Great Britain and Ireland is a National Hunt horse race where the horses jump over obstacles called hurdles that are over three and a half feet high.
Inner Mongolia, officially the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region or Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Ѳвѳр Монголын Ѳѳртѳѳ Засах Орон in Mongolian Cyrillic), is one of the autonomous regions of China, located in the north of the country.
Instant Racing, known generically as historical race wagering, is an electronic gambling system that allows players to bet on replays of horse races or dog races that have already been run.
The Inter Dominion is a harness racing competition that has been contested since 1936 in Australia and New Zealand.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The is one of the most prestigious horse races in Japan.
The Japan Racing Association (日本中央競馬会 Nippon Chūō Keiba Kai, or JRA) is a public company established to operate Chūō Keiba (中央競馬 Central horse racing) and to manage racecourses, betting facilities, and horse-training facilities.
The Jeju horse(제주마, Jejuma) is a horse breed native to Jeju Special Self-Governing Province, Republic of Korea.
A jockey is someone who rides horses in horse racing or steeplechase racing, primarily as a profession.
Jockey Challenge is a breakthrough concept in Hong Kong horse racing using a Fixed Odds bet type.
The Jockey Club is the largest commercial horse racing organisation in the United Kingdom.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
Karachi Race Club (KRC), is the biggest race course of Pakistan.
Keeneland includes the Keeneland Racecourse, a Thoroughbred horse racing facility, and a sales complex, both in Lexington, Kentucky.
The Kentucky Derby, is a horse race that is held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, United States, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival.
Kincsem (Hungarian for "My Precious" or "My Treasure"; March 17, 1874 – March 17, 1887) was a Thoroughbred race horse who has the most wins of any unbeaten horse the history of the sport, having won 54 races from 54 starts.
| The King's Stand Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to horses aged three years or older.
Kladruby nad Labem is a village and municipality in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic, located about 6 km northwest of Přelouč or 22 km west of Pardubice.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
Kranji is a suburb in northwestern Singapore, located about from the city centre.
is the capital city of Kumamoto Prefecture on the island of Kyushu, Japan.
Lahore Race Club, in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, is a club concerned with the sport of horse racing, established in 1924 when Lahore was part of the Punjab Province of British India.
LetsRun Park Seoul, also known a Seoul Race Park or Seoul Racecourse Park is a 40,000 capacity Korean thoroughbred racetrack in Gwacheon, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.
This page is a list of horse and pony breeds, and also includes terms for types of horse that are not breeds but are commonly mistaken for breeds.
Happy Valley Racecourse, Hongkong, 2008 Racecourse in Kyoto, Japan, 1997 Hippodrom Moscow, 2007 Winter-Rennbahn St. Moritz, 1931 Hippodrome d'Arnac-Pompadour, France, 2008 Churchill Downs, Kentucky, 2007 Jockey Club Brasileiro, Hipódromo da Gávea, Rio de Janeiro, 2010 Royal Bangkok Sport Club, Thailand 2008 Ellerslie Racecourse, New Zealand, 1908 This is a list of currently active horse racing venues (Thoroughbred racing and harness racing), sorted by country.
List of notable jockeys, both male and female, covering jockeys who compete worldwide in all forms of horse racing.
Little India (Tamil: லிட்டில் இந்தியா) is an ethnic district in Singapore.
Lone Star Park is a horse racing track and entertainment destination located 1/2 mile North of Interstate 30 on Belt Line Road in Grand Prairie, Texas.
Long Island is a densely populated island off the East Coast of the United States, beginning at New York Harbor just 0.35 miles (0.56 km) from Manhattan Island and extending eastward into the Atlantic Ocean.
The ParisLongchamp Racecourse (Hippodrome de Longchamp) is a 57 hectare horse-racing facility located on the Route des Tribunes in the Bois de Boulogne in Paris, France.
Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 29th most-populous city in the United States.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Makybe Diva is a British-bred, Australian-trained Thoroughbred racehorse who became the first horse to win the Melbourne Cup on three consecutive occasions (2003, 2004, and 2005).
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
A market maker or liquidity provider is a company or an individual that quotes both a buy and a sell price in a financial instrument or commodity held in inventory, hoping to make a profit on the bid-offer spread, or turn. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission defines a "market maker" as a firm that stands ready to buy and sell stock on a regular and continuous basis at a publicly quoted price.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
A match race is a race between two competitors, going head-to-head.
Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.
The Meadowlands Racetrack (currently referred to as Meadowlands Racing & Entertainment) is a horse racing track at the Meadowlands Sports Complex in East Rutherford, New Jersey, United States.
The Melbourne Cup is Australia's most prestigious annual Thoroughbred horse race.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Pole Mokotowskie (Polish for "Mokotów Field" is a large park in Warsaw. Part of it is called "Józef Piłsudski Park." Located between Warsaw's Mokotów district and the city center, the park is one of the largest in Warsaw. Until World War II, a major part was occupied by an airfield and the Warsaw Polytechnic aircraft works. Pole Mokotowskie was also, until 1934, the site of Warsaw Airport and, until 1939, of the Warsaw Horse Racing Track. Located within the park is the Polish National Library. The park is also famous for its bars. Just to the south is a Warsaw Metro station, the Pole Mokotowskie station.
The Mongol Derby is an equestrian endurance race.
Mongolia (Monggol Ulus in Mongolian; in Mongolian Cyrillic) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia.
The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
The Monmouth Cup is an American Thoroughbred horse race run annually at Monmouth Park in Oceanport, New Jersey each fall and is open to horses, age three and up, willing to race one and one-eighth miles on the dirt.
Mons (Bergen; Mont; Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of Hainaut.
A mule is the offspring of a male donkey (jack) and a female horse (mare).
A myocyte (also known as a muscle cell) is the type of cell found in muscle tissue.
Naadam (Наадам, classical Mongolian: Naɣadum,, literally "games") is a traditional festival in Mongolia.
The Nakayama Grand Jump (中山グランドジャンプ) is a Japanese horse racing steeplechase, held at Nakayama Racecourse every year in mid-April.
is located in Funabashi, Chiba, Japan.
Nassau County or is a suburban county comprising much of western Long Island in the U.S. state of New York.
The National Association of Racing (地方競馬全国協会 Chiho Keiba Zenkoku Kyokai, or NAR) is the authority for horse races operated by local governments in Japan (Prefectures, cities/towns/villages or unions of them).
The National Games of the People's Republic of China, sometimes known as the All China Games (though not to be confused with the All-China Games), is the premier sports event in China at national level.
The National Horseracing Authority of Southern Africa, formerly the Jockey Club of Southern Africa, is the Southern African equivalent of the American and British Jockey Clubs.
National Hunt Flat races, informally known as Bumper races, are a type of Flat racing but run under National Hunt racing rules in Britain and Ireland.
In horse racing in the United Kingdom, France and Ireland, National Hunt racing requires horses to jump fences and ditches.
The National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame was founded in 1950 in Saratoga Springs, New York, to honor the achievements of American Thoroughbred race horses, jockeys, and trainers.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Nightmarch, foaled in 1925 was an outstanding New Zealand bred Thoroughbred racehorse known as The Kiwi.
Nijinsky (21 February 1967 – 15 April 1992), usually known in the United States as Nijinsky II, was a Canadian-bred, Irish-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire.
Norse mythology is the body of myths of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period.
The North America Cup is an annual harness racing event for 3-year-old standardbred pacing horses which is held at Mohawk Raceway in Campbellville, Ontario, Canada.
Northern Dancer (May 27, 1961 – November 16, 1990) was a Canadian-bred Thoroughbred racehorse that won the 1964 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes and then became one of the most successful sires of the 20th century.
In Germanic mythology, Odin (from Óðinn /ˈoːðinː/) is a widely revered god.
Oklahoma City, often shortened to OKC, is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Oklahoma.
Ostend (Oostende, or; Ostende; Ostende) is a Belgian coastal city and municipality, located in the province of West Flanders.
Overdose (2 April 2005 in Nottinghamshire, Great Britain – 1 July 2015 in Germany) was a Hungarian Thoroughbred racehorse.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
Paleface Adios (1969–1989) was an Australian harness racing horse which competed as a pacer throughout the 1970s and early 1980s.
Palomino is a genetic color in horses, consisting of a gold coat and white mane and tail.
"Panhellenic Games" is the collective term for four separate sports festivals held in ancient Greece.
Parimutuel betting (from the Pari Mutuel or mutual betting) is a betting system in which all bets of a particular type are placed together in a pool; taxes and the "house-take" or "vigorish" are removed, and payoff odds are calculated by sharing the pool among all winning bets.
The Pegasus World Cup is an American Thoroughbred horse race whose first running was on January 28, 2017 at Gulfstream Park in Hallandale Beach, Florida.
Penang Turf Club is a major horse racing course in Penang, Malaysia which was established in 1864.
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA; stylized PeTA) is an American animal rights organization based in Norfolk, Virginia, and led by Ingrid Newkirk, its international president.
Phar Lap (4 October 1926 – 5 April 1932) was a champion Thoroughbred racehorse whose achievements captured the Australian public's imagination during the early years of the Great Depression.
Pimlico Race Course is a thoroughbred horse racetrack in Baltimore, Maryland, most famous for hosting the Preakness Stakes.
Placer County, officially the County of Placer, is a county in the U.S. state of California.
The Pleasanton Fairgrounds Racetrack at the Alameda County Fairgrounds in Pleasanton, California is a one-mile (1.6 km / 8 f) race track for Thoroughbred, Quarter horse and Arabian racing.
A point-to-point is a form of horseracing over fences for hunting horses and amateur riders.
"Por una Cabeza" is a tango song with music and lyrics written in 1935 by Carlos Gardel and Alfredo Le Pera respectively.
Port Louis (Port-Louis, Mauritian Creole: Porlwi poːrlwi) is the capital city of Mauritius.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The Preakness Stakes is an American flat thoroughbred horse race held on the third Saturday in May each year at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland.
The Prince of Wales Stakes is a Canadian Thoroughbred horse race run annually at Fort Erie Race Track in Fort Erie, Ontario.
| The Prix de Diane, sometimes referred to as the French Oaks, is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred fillies.
| The Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older.
| The Prix du Jockey Club, sometimes referred to as the French Derby, is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies.
In horse racing, the term purse distribution or The Purse may refer to the total amount of money paid out to the owners of horses racing at a particular track over a given period of time, or to the percentages of a race's total purse that are awarded to each of the highest finishers.
The Queen's Plate is Canada's oldest thoroughbred horse race, having been founded in 1860.
Racehorse injuries and fatalities are a side effect of training and competition.
Racing Post is a British daily horse racing, greyhound racing and sports betting newspaper, appearing in print form and online.
Red Rum (bay gelding; 3 May 1965 – 18 October 1995) was a champion Thoroughbred steeplechaser.
Remington Park is a horse racing track and casino located in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Richard Nicholls (1624 in Ampthill, Bedfordshire – 28 May 1672 on the North Sea, off Suffolk) was the first English colonial governor of New York province.
Rising Fast (foaled 1949, died 1978) was an outstanding New Zealand-bred Thoroughbred racehorse.
Roan is a horse coat color pattern characterized by an even mixture of colored and white hairs on the body, while the head and "points"—lower legs, mane and tail—are mostly solid-colored.
Rodeo is a competitive sport that arose out of the working practices of cattle herding in Spain, Mexico, and later Central America, South America, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Russian Trotter is a breed of trotting horse from the Russian Federation.
Rzewuski family (Rzewuscy) was an important Polish noble family (magnates) in the 17th century during the era of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Santa Anita Park is a Thoroughbred racetrack in Arcadia, California, United States.
Saratoga Springs is a city in Saratoga County, New York, United States.
A Coldblood Trotter may belong to either one of two closely related and interconnected breeds of horse: the Norsk Kaldblodstraver (Norwegian Coldblood Trotter) and the Svensk Kallblodstravare (Swedish Coldblood Trotter).
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
Secretariat (March 30, 1970 – October 4, 1989), nicknamed Big Red, was an American Thoroughbred racehorse who, in 1973, became the first Triple Crown winner in 25 years.
The Selangor Turf Club is the major horse racing course in Klang Valley, Selangor, Malaysia.
The Selle Français (SF) is a breed of sport horse from France.
Sha Tin Racecourse is one of the two racecourses for horse racing in Hong Kong.
The Shahzada Memorial Endurance Test is horse race that has been held annually at St.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
The Shanghai Art Museum was an art museum in the city of Shanghai, China.
The Shanghai Race Club was a horse racing club located in Shanghai, China.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
The Singapore Turf Club was founded in 1842 as the Singapore Sporting Club to operate the Serangoon Road Race Course at Farrer Park.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.
The special administrative regions (SAR) are one type of provincial-level administrative divisions of China directly under Central People's Government, which enjoys the highest degree of autonomy, and no or less interference by either Central Government or the Communist Party of China.
Sport (British English) or sports (American English) includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
Olympic Valley, California (also known as Squaw Valley) is an unincorporated community located in Placer County northwest of Tahoe City along California State Highway 89 on the banks of the Truckee River near Lake Tahoe.
| The St Leger Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies.
The Standardbred is an American horse breed best known for its ability in harness racing, where members of the breed compete at either a trot or pace.
Stanley Franklin Dancer (July 25, 1927 – September 9, 2005) was an American harness racing driver and trainer.
A steeplechase is a distance horse race in which competitors are required to jump diverse fence and ditch obstacles.
A stud animal is a registered animal retained for breeding.
A sulky is a lightweight cart having two wheels and a seat for the driver only but usually without a body, generally pulled by horses or dogs, and is used for harness races.
Sunline (1995–2009) was a New Zealand bred Thoroughbred racehorse who was the world's highest earning racemare of her time, competing on 48 occasions for 32 wins, 9 seconds and 3 thirds to earn A$11,351,607.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The is a Grade 1 flat horse race in Japan for four-year-old and above thoroughbreds.
The Takarazuka Kinen (宝塚記念) is a Grade I flat horse race in Japan for three-year-old and above thoroughbreds run over a distance of 2,200 metres (approximately miles) at Hanshin Racecourse (阪神競馬場) in late June.
The is a horse race held twice a year in Japan, once in the spring and once in the autumn.
The Western States Trail Ride, popularly called The Tevis Cup, is a 100 mile endurance ride.
The Hague (Den Haag,, short for 's-Gravenhage) is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland.
Thomas Darley (born 19 May 1664) served as Her Majesty's Consul to the Levant (Syria) during the reign of Queen Anne.
The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing.
Thoroughbred horse racing is a worldwide sport and industry involving the racing of Thoroughbred horses.
Tian Ji, courtesy name Qi (齐), was a military general of the Qi state during the early Warring States period (4th century BC) of Chinese history.
Tianjin, formerly romanized as Tientsin, is a coastal metropolis in northern China and one of the four national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC), with a total population of 15,469,500, and is also the world's 11th-most populous city proper.
is located in Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan.
The Toronto–Dominion Bank (Banque Toronto–Dominion) is a Canadian multinational banking and financial services corporation headquartered in Toronto, Ontario.
The track surface of a horse racing track refers to the material of which the track is made.
A tradition is a belief or behavior passed down within a group or society with symbolic meaning or special significance with origins in the past.
The Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers consists of the following horse races.
The Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters consists of the following horse races.
The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, often shortened to Triple Crown, comprises three races for three-year-old Thoroughbred horses.
In the United States, the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, commonly known as the Triple Crown, is a title awarded to a three-year-old Thoroughbred horse who wins the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes.
Tulloch (foaled in New Zealand) (1954–1969) was a Thoroughbred racehorse, who is regarded as one of the three finest racehorses in Australian racing history.
Turffontein Racecourse is a race track in South Africa for Thoroughbred horse racing founded in 1887 at Turffontein, Gauteng by the Johannesburg Turf Club.
Ujazdów Castle (Zamek Ujazdowski) is a castle in the historic Ujazdów district, between Ujazdów Park (Park Ujazdowski) and the Royal Baths Park (Łazienki Królewskie), in Warsaw, Poland.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Arizona (also referred to as U of A, UA, or Arizona) is a public research university in Tucson, Arizona.
Velká pardubická is a famous cross-country steeplechase run in Pardubice, Czech Republic since 1874.
The Via del Corso (ancient Via Lata, the urban stretch of Via Flaminia), is a main street in the historical centre of Rome.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Wallonia (Wallonie, Wallonie(n), Wallonië, Walonreye, Wallounien) is a region of Belgium.
Waregem is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Wassenaar (population: in) is a municipality and town located in the province of South Holland, on the western coast of the Netherlands.
Westbury is a village in Nassau County, New York, United States.
White horses are born white and stay white throughout their lives.
Windsor Racecourse, also known as Royal Windsor Racecourse, is a thoroughbred horse racing venue located in Windsor, Berkshire, England.
Wise Dan (foaled February 20, 2007) is a champion American Thoroughbred racehorse.
Wola is a district in western Warsaw, Poland, formerly the village of Wielka Wola, incorporated into Warsaw in 1916.
The Woodbine Mile is a Grade I stakes race on turf for Thoroughbred racehorses three years old and up held annually in mid September at Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto, Canada.
The Woodbine Oaks is a Canadian Thoroughbred horse race run annually at Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto, Ontario.
Woodbine Racetrack is a Canadian race track for thoroughbred and standardbred racing at 555 Rexdale Boulevard in the city of Toronto, Ontario, formerly in the city of Etobicoke.
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China.
The Yasuda Kinen (English: Yasuda Memorial, Japanese and Chinese language: 安田記念) is a Japanese International Grade I Thoroughbred horse race held at the Tokyo Racecourse in Tokyo.
The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.
The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad (Korean), were an international multi-sport event celebrated from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea.
| The 2000 Guineas Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies.
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