111 relations: Albacore-class gunboat (1855), ASME, Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers, Austin Motor Company, Automobile Manufacturers Association, Basal rate, Boiler (power generation), Bore (engine), Brake specific fuel consumption, British thermal unit, Cadillac, Car, Centennial Exposition, Chevrolet Corvette, Chrysler Hemi engine, Citroën 2CV, Deutsches Institut für Normung, Diesel engine, Directional drilling, Directive 80/1269/EEC, Draft horse, Drawbar (haulage), Drilling fluid, Drilling rig, Dynamometer, Dynamometer car, Electric motor, Engine displacement, Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione, European units of measurement directives, Exhaust manifold, Flywheel, Foot-pound (energy), Force, Gallon, General Conference on Weights and Measures, Germany, HMS Agincourt (1865), HMS Bellerophon (1865), HMS Dee (1832), HMS Hector (1861), HMS Jackal (1844), HMS Monarch (1868), HMS Penelope (1867), Hoepli, Horse mill, Horsepower, Horsepower-hour, Human power, Hydraulic machinery, ..., International Organization for Standardization, International System of Units, ISO 8178, ISO 9000, Italy, Jaguar Cars, James Watt, John Smeaton, John Theophilus Desaguliers, Joule, Kilogram-force, Locomotive, Mean effective pressure, Minute, Nature (journal), Newcomen atmospheric engine, Newton (unit), Orders of magnitude (power), Original equipment manufacturer, Poncelet, Popular Mechanics, Pound (mass), Pound-foot (torque), Pounds per square inch, Power (physics), Pressure–volume diagram, Prony brake, Rail transport, Railroad car, Reciprocating engine, Revolutions per minute, Riley Motor, Rotational speed, Rounding, Royal Automobile Club, Rule of thumb, SAE International, Scottish people, Standard gravity, Standards organization, Steam, Steam engine, Stroke (engine), Supercharger, Tax horsepower, Thomas Savery, Torque, Torque sensor, Toyota, Toyota Camry, Train, Truck, Turbine, Turboprop, Unit of measurement, United Kingdom, Usain Bolt, V8 engine, Watt, Work (physics), World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations. Expand index (61 more) » « Shrink index
The Albacore-class gunboat was a class of 98 gunboats built for the Royal Navy in 1855–56 for use in the Crimean War.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is a professional association that, in its own words, "promotes the art, science, and practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe" via "continuing education, training and professional development, codes and standards, research, conferences and publications, government relations, and other forms of outreach." ASME is thus an engineering society, a standards organization, a research and development organization, a lobbying organization, a provider of training and education, and a nonprofit organization.
The Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers (ALAM), originally the Manufacturer's Mutual Association (MMA), was an organization originally formed to challenge the litigation of the fledgling automobile industry by George B. Selden and the Electric Vehicle Company.
The Austin Motor Company Limited was a British manufacturer of motor vehicles, founded in 1905 by Herbert Austin.
The Automobile Manufacturers Association was a trade group of automobile manufacturers which operated under various names in the United States from 1911 to 1999.
Basal rate, in biology, is the rate of continuous supply of some chemical or process.
A boiler or steam generator is a device used to create steam by applying heat energy to water.
The bore or cylinder bore is a part of a piston engine.
Brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) is a measure of the fuel efficiency of any prime mover that burns fuel and produces rotational, or shaft power.
The British thermal unit (Btu or BTU) is a traditional unit of heat; it is defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.
Cadillac, formally the Cadillac Motor Car Division, is a division of the U.S.-based General Motors (GM) that markets luxury vehicles worldwide.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
The Centennial International Exhibition of 1876, the first official World's Fair in the United States, was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from May 10 to November 10, 1876, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia.
The Chevrolet Corvette, known colloquially as the Vette or Chevy Corvette, is a sports car manufactured by Chevrolet.
The Chrysler Hemi engines, known by the trademark Hemi, are a series of I6 and V8 gasoline engines built by Chrysler with hemispherical combustion chambers.
The Citroën 2CV ("deux chevaux" i.e. "deux chevaux-vapeur" (lit. "two steam horses", "two tax horsepower") is an air-cooled front-engine, front-wheel-drive economy car introduced at the 1948 Paris Mondial de l'Automobile and manufactured by Citroën for model years 1948–1990. Conceived by Citroën Vice-President Pierre Boulanger to help motorise the large number of farmers still using horses and carts in 1930s France, the 2CV has a combination of innovative engineering and utilitarian, straightforward metal bodywork — initially corrugated for added strength without added weight. The 2CV featured low cost; simplicity of overall maintenance; an easily serviced air-cooled engine (originally offering 9 hp); low fuel consumption; and an extremely long-travel suspension offering a soft ride and light off-road capability. Often called "an umbrella on wheels", the fixed-profile convertible bodywork featured a full-width, canvas, roll-back sunroof, which accommodated oversized loads and until 1955 reached almost to the car's rear bumper. Notably, Michelin introduced and first commercialized the radial tyre with the introduction of the 2CV. Manufactured in France between 1948 and 1988 (and in Portugal from 1988 to 1990), more than 3.8 million 2CVs were produced, along with over 1.2 million small 2CV-based delivery vans known as fourgonnettes. Citroën ultimately offered several mechanically identical variants including the Ami (over 1.8 million); the Dyane (over 1.4 million); the Acadiane (over 250,000); and the Mehari (over 140,000). In total, Citroën manufactured almost 9 million 2CVs and variants. The purchase price of the 2CV was low relative to its competition. In West Germany during the 1960s, for example, it cost about half as much as a Volkswagen Beetle. From the mid-1950s economy car competition had increased – internationally in the form of the 1957 Fiat 500 and 1955 Fiat 600, and 1959 Austin Mini. By 1952, Germany produced a price competitive car – the Messerschmitt KR175, followed in 1955 by the Isetta – these were microcars, not complete four-door cars like the 2CV. On the French home market, from 1961, the small Simca 1000 using licensed Fiat technology, and the larger Renault 4 hatchback had become available. The R4 was the biggest threat to the 2CV, eventually outselling it. A 1953 technical review in Autocar described "the extraordinary ingenuity of this design, which is undoubtedly the most original since the Model T Ford". In 2011, The Globe and Mail called it a "car like no other". The motoring writer L. J. K. Setright described the 2CV as "the most intelligent application of minimalism ever to succeed as a car", and a car of "remorseless rationality".
Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V. (DIN; in English, the German Institute for Standardization) is the German national organization for standardization and is the German ISO member body.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
Directional drilling (or slant drilling) is the practice of drilling non-vertical wells.
Council Directive 80/1269/EEC of 16 December 1980 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the engine power of motor vehicles is a European Union law concerning measurement of engine power in motor vehicles intended for road use with at least four wheels and a maximum speed exceeding 25 km/h.
A draft horse (US), draught horse (UK and Commonwealth) or dray horse (from the Old English dragan meaning "to draw or haul"; compare Dutch dragen and German tragen meaning "to carry" and Danish drage meaning "to draw" or "to fare"), less often called a carthorse, work horse or heavy horse, is a large horse bred to be a working animal doing hard tasks such as plowing and other farm labor.
A drawbar is a solid coupling between a hauling vehicle and its hauled load.
In geotechnical engineering, drilling fluid is used to aid the drilling of boreholes into the earth.
A drilling rig is a machine that creates holes in the earth subsurface.
A dynamometer or "dyno" for short, is a device for measuring force, torque, or power.
A dynamometer car is a railroad maintenance of way car used for measuring various aspects of a locomotive's performance.
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.
Engine displacement is the swept volume of all the pistons inside the cylinders of a reciprocating engine in a single movement from top dead centre (TDC) to bottom dead centre (BDC).
Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione (Italian National Unification, acronym UNI) is a private non-profit association that performs regulatory activities in Italy across industrial, commercial, and service sectors, with the exception of electrical engineering and electronic competence of CEI.
As of 2009, the European Union had issued two units of measurement directives: In 1971 it issued Directive 71/354/EEC which required EU member states to standardise on the International System of Units (SI) rather than use a variety of CGS and MKS units then in use.
In automotive engineering, an exhaust manifold collects the exhaust gases from multiple cylinders into one pipe.
A flywheel is a mechanical device specifically designed to efficiently store rotational energy.
The foot pound-force (symbol: ft⋅lbf or ft⋅lb) is a unit of work or energy in the Engineering and Gravitational Systems in United States customary and imperial units of measure.
In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object.
The gallon is a unit of measurement for fluid capacity in both the US customary units and the British imperial systems of measurement.
The General Conference on Weights and Measures (Conférence générale des poids et mesures – CGPM) is the supreme authority of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (Bureau international des poids et mesures – BIPM), the inter-governmental organization established in 1875 under the terms of the Metre Convention (Convention du Mètre) through which Member States act together on matters related to measurement science and measurement standards.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
HMS Agincourt was a armoured frigate built for the Royal Navy during the 1860s.
HMS Bellerophon was a central battery ironclad built for the Royal Navy in the mid-1860s.
HMS Dee was a paddle steamer that served in the Royal Navy from June 1832 to June 1871.
HMS Hector was the lead ship of the armoured frigates ordered by the Royal Navy in 1861.
HMS Jackal (alternatively spelled Jackall) was a ''Jackal''-class second-class iron paddle gunvessel of the Royal Navy.
HMS Monarch was the first seagoing British warship to carry her guns in turrets, and the first British warship to carry guns of calibre.
HMS Penelope was a central-battery ironclad built for the Royal Navy in the late 1860s and was rated as an armoured corvette.
Casa Editrice Hoepli is an Italian publishing house based in Milan which was founded in 1870 when Ulrico Hoepli, a Swiss bookseller born 23 years earlier in the small village of Tuttwil (Canton Thurgau), took over a bookshop in the Galleria De Cristoforis in the centre of the city.
A horse mill is a mill, sometimes used in conjunction with a watermill or windmill, that uses a horse as the power source.
Horsepower (hp) is a unit of measurement of power (the rate at which work is done).
A horsepower-hour (hph or hp⋅h) is an outdated unit of energy, not used in the SI system of units.
Human power is work or energy that is produced from the human body.
Hydraulic machines are machinery and tools that use liquid fluid power to do simple work.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
ISO 8178 is a collection of steady state test cycles used for defining emission standards for non-road engines in the European Union, United States, Japan and other countries.
The ISO 9000 family of quality management systems standards is designed to help organizations ensure that they meet the needs of customers and other stakeholders while meeting statutory and regulatory requirements related to a product or service.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jaguar is the luxury vehicle brand of Jaguar Land Rover, a British multinational car manufacturer with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England and owned by the Indian company Tata Motors since 2008.
James Watt (30 January 1736 (19 January 1736 OS) – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1781, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.
John Smeaton (8 June 1724 – 28 October 1792) was a British civil engineer responsible for the design of bridges, canals, harbours and lighthouses.
John Theophilus Desaguliers FRS (12 March 1683 – 29 February 1744) was a French-born British natural philosopher, clergyman, engineer and freemason who was elected to the Royal Society in 1714 as experimental assistant to Isaac Newton.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
The kilogram-force (kgf or kgF), or kilopond (kp, from Latin pondus meaning weight), is a gravitational metric unit of force.
A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.
The mean effective pressure is a quantity relating to the operation of a reciprocating engines and is a valuable measure of an engine's capacity to do work that is independent of engine displacement.
The minute is a unit of time or angle.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
The atmospheric engine was invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712, and is often referred to simply as a Newcomen engine.
The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.
This page lists examples of the power in watts produced by various sources of energy.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
The poncelet (symbol p) is an obsolete unit of power, once used in France and replaced by cheval vapeur (cv, metric horsepower).
Popular Mechanics is a classic magazine of popular science and technology.
The pound or pound-mass is a unit of mass used in the imperial, United States customary and other systems of measurement.
A pound-foot (lbf⋅ft or lb⋅ft) is a unit of torque (a pseudovector).
The pound per square inch or, more accurately, pound-force per square inch (symbol: lbf/in2; abbreviation: psi) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units.
In physics, power is the rate of doing work, the amount of energy transferred per unit time.
A pressure–volume diagram (or PV diagram, or volume–pressure loop) is used to describe corresponding changes in volume and pressure in a system.
The Prony Brake is a simple device invented by Gaspard de Prony to measure the torque produced by an engine.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
A railroad car or railcar (American and Canadian English), railway wagon or railway carriage (British English and UIC), also called a train car or train wagon, is a vehicle used for the carrying of cargo or passengers on a rail transport system (a railroad/railway).
A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.
Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.
RileyInformation extracted from Notice issued in compliance with the Regulations of the Committee of The Stock Exchange, London (with regard to the issue of 150,000 Preference Shares of £1 each on 17 January 1934).
Rotational speed (or speed of revolution) of an object rotating around an axis is the number of turns of the object divided by time, specified as revolutions per minute (rpm), cycles per second (cps), radians per second (rad/s), etc..
Rounding a numerical value means replacing it by another value that is approximately equal but has a shorter, simpler, or more explicit representation; for example, replacing $ with $, or the fraction 312/937 with 1/3, or the expression with.
The Royal Automobile Club is a British private club and is not to be confused with RAC, an automotive services company, which it formerly owned.
The English phrase rule of thumb refers to a principle with broad application that is not intended to be strictly accurate or reliable for every situation.
SAE International, initially established as the Society of Automotive Engineers, is a U.S.-based, globally active professional association and standards developing organization for engineering professionals in various industries.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
The standard acceleration due to gravity (or standard acceleration of free fall), sometimes abbreviated as standard gravity, usually denoted by or, is the nominal gravitational acceleration of an object in a vacuum near the surface of the Earth.
A standards organization, standards body, standards developing organization (SDO), or standards setting organization (SSO) is an organization whose primary activities are developing, coordinating, promulgating, revising, amending, reissuing, interpreting, or otherwise producing technical standards that are intended to address the needs of a group of affected adopters.
Steam is water in the gas phase, which is formed when water boils.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
In the context of an Internal combustion engine, the term stroke has the following related meanings.
A supercharger is an air compressor that increases the pressure or density of air supplied to an internal combustion engine.
The tax horsepower or taxable horsepower was an early system by which taxation rates for automobiles were reckoned in some European countries, such as Britain, Belgium, Germany, France, and Italy; some US states like Illinois charged license plate purchase and renewal fees for passenger automobiles based on taxable horsepower.
Thomas Savery (c. 1650 – 1715) was an English inventor and engineer, born at Shilstone, a manor house near Modbury, Devon, England.
Torque, moment, or moment of force is rotational force.
A torque sensor, torque transducer or torque meter is a device for measuring and recording the torque on a rotating system, such as an engine, crankshaft, gearbox, transmission, rotor, a bicycle crank or cap torque tester.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
The Toyota Camry (Japanese: トヨタ・カムリ Toyota Kamuri) is an automobile sold internationally by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota since 1982, spanning multiple generations.
A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers.
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.
A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
A unit of measurement is a definite magnitude of a quantity, defined and adopted by convention or by law, that is used as a standard for measurement of the same kind of quantity.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Usain St Leo Bolt (born 21 August 1986) is a retired Jamaican sprinter and world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay.
A V8 engine is an eight-cylinder V configuration engine with the cylinders mounted on the crankcase in two sets (or banks) of four, with all eight pistons driving a common crankshaft.
The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.
In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting, there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force.
The World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations is a working party (WP.29) of the Sustainable Transport Division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
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