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Hot air balloon

Index Hot air balloon

A hot air balloon is a lighter-than-air aircraft consisting of a bag, called an envelope, which contains heated air. [1]

164 relations: Aircraft, Aircraft pilot, Aircraft registration, Airworthiness, Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta, Alice Springs, Altimeter, Aluminium, Annonay, Atmosphere, Auguste Piccard, Australia, Aviation, Balloon (aeronautics), Balloon satellite, Barrage balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Basket weaving, Bath, Somerset, Battle of Fleurus (1794), Bertrand Piccard, Blimp, Bracing (aeronautics), Bristol, Bristol Belle, British thermal unit, Buoyancy, Cameron Balloons, Canada, Carabiner, Carterton, New Zealand, Casa da Índia, Cinebulle, Cluster ballooning, Cone, Cotton, Density of air, Drag (physics), Early flying machines, Ed Yost, Egypt, England, Espionage balloon, Faubourg Saint-Antoine, Federal Aviation Administration, Fire class, Fire extinguisher, Firefly Balloons, Flight, Flight instructor, ..., Flint, Forklift, François Laurent d'Arlandes, France, Fuel gauge, Gallon, Gas balloon, Gas cylinder, Gimbal, Global Positioning System, Glossary of textile manufacturing, Gore (segment), Helen, Georgia, Helium, Hemp, High-altitude balloon, History of military ballooning, Hopper balloon, Hot air balloon festival, Hot air ballooning, Hydrocarbon, Hydrogen, Ideal gas law, India, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, Jean-Pierre Blanchard, Jet stream, John V of Portugal, Johns Hopkins University Press, Kubicek Balloons, Lifting gas, Lighter, Lighter than air, Lindstrand Balloons, Linen, Liquefied petroleum gas, List of balloon uses, Litre, Ljubljana, Lockhart, Texas, Louis XVI of France, Luxor, Maria Anna of Austria, Mold, Montgolfier brothers, Mumbai, New Zealand, Nitrogen, Nomex, North Island, Northern Territory, Nylon, Observation balloon, Operating temperature, Oregon Public Broadcasting, Oswestry, Parachute, Paris, Per Lindstrand, Piezoelectricity, Pilot certification in the United States, Pilot light, Plano, Texas, Polyester, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polyurethane, Pope Innocent XIII, Porosity, Pressure measurement, Pressure vessel, Propane, Rattan, Rayon, Research balloon, Richard Branson, Rozière balloon, Shu Han, Silicone, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Sky lantern, Skyhook balloon, Slovenia, Solar balloon, Spain, Sphere, Stainless steel, Statesville, North Carolina, Steve Fossett, Stress (mechanics), Thermal airship, Thermoplastic, Three Kingdoms, Titanium, Trace heating, Ultralight aircraft (United States), Ultralight aviation, Ultramagic, Vapor pressure, Variometer, Velcro, Vijaypat Singhania, Walnut Street Prison, Webbing, Westfield, Somerset, Wicker, Wind, Wool, Zeppelin, Zhuge Liang, 1989 Alice Springs hot air balloon crash, 2012 Carterton hot air balloon crash, 2012 Ljubljana Marshes hot air balloon crash, 2013 Luxor hot air balloon crash, 2016 Lockhart hot air balloon crash. Expand index (114 more) »

Aircraft

An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.

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Aircraft pilot

An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls.

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Aircraft registration

Every civil aircraft must be marked prominently on its exterior by an alphanumeric string, indicating its country of registration and its unique serial number.

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Airworthiness

Airworthiness is the measure of an aircraft's suitability for safe flight.

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Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta

The Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta is a yearly hot air balloon festival that takes place in Albuquerque, New Mexico, during early October.

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Alice Springs

Alice Springs (Arrernte: Mparntwe) is the third-largest town in the Northern Territory of Australia.

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Altimeter

An altimeter or an altitude meter is an instrument used to measure the altitude of an object above a fixed level.

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Aluminium

Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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Annonay

Annonay (Anonai) is a French commune in the north of the Ardèche department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of southern France.

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Atmosphere

An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.

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Auguste Piccard

Auguste Antoine Piccard (28 January 1884 – 24 March 1962) was a Swiss physicist, inventor and explorer, known for his record-breaking helium-filled balloon flights, with which he studied Earth's upper atmosphere and cosmic rays, and for his invention of the first bathyscaphe, FNRS-2, with which he made a number of unmanned dives in 1948 to explore the ocean's depths.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Aviation

Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.

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Balloon (aeronautics)

In aeronautics, a balloon is an unpowered aerostat, which remains aloft or floats due to its buoyancy.

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Balloon satellite

A balloon satellite (also occasionally referred to as a "satelloon", which is a trademarked name owned by Gilmore Schjeldahl's G.T. Schjeldahl Company) is a satellite that is inflated with gas after it has been put into orbit.

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Barrage balloon

A barrage balloon is a large kite balloon used to defend against aircraft attack by raising aloft cables which pose a collision risk, making the attacker's approach more difficult.

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Bartolomeu de Gusmão

Bartolomeu Lourenço de Gusmão (December 1685 – November 18, 1724) was a Portuguese priest and naturalist, who was a pioneer of lighter-than-air airship design.

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Basket weaving

Basket weaving (also basketry or basket making) is the process of weaving or sewing pliable materials into two- or threedimensional artefacts, such as mats or containers.

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Bath, Somerset

Bath is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, known for its Roman-built baths.

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Battle of Fleurus (1794)

The Battle of Fleurus, on 26 June 1794, was an engagement between the army of the First French Republic, under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan and the Coalition Army (Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburg Monarchy), commanded by Prince Josias of Coburg, in the most significant battle of the Flanders Campaign in the Low Countries during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Bertrand Piccard

Bertrand Piccard FRSGS (born 1 March 1958) is a Swiss psychiatrist and balloonist.

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Blimp

A blimp, or non-rigid airship, is an airship (dirigible) or barrage balloon without an internal structural framework or a keel.

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Bracing (aeronautics)

In aeronautics, bracing comprises additional structural members which stiffen the functional airframe to give it rigidity and strength under load.

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Bristol

Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.

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Bristol Belle

The Bristol Belle (G-AVTL) was the name given to the first modern hot air balloon in Britain.

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British thermal unit

The British thermal unit (Btu or BTU) is a traditional unit of heat; it is defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.

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Buoyancy

In physics, buoyancy or upthrust, is an upward force exerted by a fluid that opposes the weight of an immersed object.

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Cameron Balloons

Cameron Balloons is a company established in 1971 in Bristol, England by Don Cameron to manufacture hot air balloons.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Carabiner

A carabiner or karabiner is a specialized type of shackle, a metal loop with a spring-loaded gate used to quickly and reversibly connect components, most notably in safety-critical systems.

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Carterton, New Zealand

Carterton (Taratahi) is a small town in the Wellington Region of New Zealand and the seat of the Carterton District (a territorial authority or local government district).

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Casa da Índia

Casa da Índia (India House) was the Portuguese organization that managed all overseas territories during the heyday of the Portuguese Empire in the 16th century.

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Cinebulle

The Cinebulle is a hot air balloon specially adapted for filming.

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Cluster ballooning

Cluster ballooning is a form of ballooning where a harness attaches a balloonist to a cluster of helium-inflated rubber balloons.

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Cone

A cone is a three-dimensional geometric shape that tapers smoothly from a flat base (frequently, though not necessarily, circular) to a point called the apex or vertex.

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Cotton

Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.

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Density of air

The density of air ρ (Greek: rho) (air density) is the mass per unit volume of Earth's atmosphere.

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Drag (physics)

In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.

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Early flying machines

Early flying machines include all forms of aircraft studied or constructed before the development of the modern aeroplane by 1910.

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Ed Yost

Paul Edward Yost (30 June 1919 – 27 May 2007) was the American inventor of the modern hot air balloon and is referred to as the "Father of the Modern Day Hot-Air Balloon." He worked for a high altitude research division of General Mills when he helped establish Raven Industries in 1956.

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Egypt

Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Espionage balloon

An espionage balloon is a balloon used for spying.

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Faubourg Saint-Antoine

The Faubourg Saint-Antoine was one of the traditional suburbs of Paris, France.

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Federal Aviation Administration

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.

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Fire class

Fire class is a term used to denote the type of fire, in relation to the combustion materials which have (or could be) ignited.

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Fire extinguisher

A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations.

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Firefly Balloons

FireFly Balloons is an American hot air balloon manufacturer that started as The Balloon Works (TBW) in 1972 in Statesville, NC.

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Flight

Flight is the process by which an object moves through an atmosphere (or beyond it, as in the case of spaceflight) without contact with the surface.

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Flight instructor

A flight instructor is a person who teaches others to fly aircraft.

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Flint

Flint is a hard, sedimentary cryptocrystalline form of the mineral quartz, categorized as a variety of chert.

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Forklift

A forklift (also called lift truck, fork truck, fork hoist, and forklift truck) is a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials over short distances.

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François Laurent d'Arlandes

François Laurent le Vieux d'Arlandes (1742 – 1 May 1809) was a French marquis, soldier and a pioneer of hot air ballooning.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Fuel gauge

In automobile and aircraft engineering a fuel gauge or gas gauge is an instrument used to indicate the amount of fuel in a fuel tank.

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Gallon

The gallon is a unit of measurement for fluid capacity in both the US customary units and the British imperial systems of measurement.

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Gas balloon

A gas balloon is a balloon that flies in the air because it is filled with a gas less dense than air or lighter than air (such as helium or hydrogen).

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Gas cylinder

A gas cylinder or tank is a pressure vessel used to store gases at above atmospheric pressure.

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Gimbal

A gimbal is a pivoted support that allows the rotation of an object about a single axis.

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Global Positioning System

The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.

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Glossary of textile manufacturing

The manufacture of textiles is one of the oldest of human technologies.

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Gore (segment)

A gore is a sector of a curved surface or the curved surface that lies between two close lines of longitude on a globe and may be flattened to a plane surface with little distortion.

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Helen, Georgia

Helen is a village in White County, Georgia, United States, located along the Chattahoochee River.

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Helium

Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.

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Hemp

Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.

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High-altitude balloon

High-altitude balloons are manned or unmanned balloons, usually filled with helium or hydrogen and rarely methane, that are released into the stratosphere, generally attaining between.

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History of military ballooning

Balloons were one of the first mechanisms used in air warfare.

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Hopper balloon

A hopper balloon (simply hopper) is a small, one-person hot air balloon.

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Hot air balloon festival

Hot air balloon festivals are held annually in many places throughout the year, allowing hot air balloons operators to gather- as well as for the general public- to participate in various activities.

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Hot air ballooning

Hot air ballooning is the activity of flying hot air balloons.

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Hydrocarbon

In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

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Hydrogen

Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.

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Ideal gas law

The ideal gas law, also called the general gas equation, is the equation of state of a hypothetical ideal gas.

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India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier

Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier was a French chemistry and physics teacher, and one of the first pioneers of aviation.

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Jean-Pierre Blanchard

Jean-Pierre Blanchard (4 July 1753 – 7 March 1809) was a French inventor, best known as a pioneer in balloon flight.

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Jet stream

Jet streams are fast flowing, narrow, meandering air currents in the atmospheres of some planets, including Earth.

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John V of Portugal

Dom John V (Portuguese: João V; 22 October 1689 – 31 July 1750), known as the Magnanimous (Portuguese: o Magnânimo) and the Portuguese Sun King (Portuguese: o Rei-Sol Português), was a monarch of the House of Braganza who ruled as King of Portugal and the Algarves during the first half of the 18th century.

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Johns Hopkins University Press

The Johns Hopkins University Press (also referred to as JHU Press or JHUP) is the publishing division of Johns Hopkins University.

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Kubicek Balloons

Kubicek Balloons (in Czech Balóny Kubíček (pronounced Koo-bee-check), the complete official name BALÓNY KUBÍČEK spol. s r.o.) is a Czech manufacturer of hot-air balloons and airships, the sole such manufacturer in Central and Eastern Europe and one of the largest in the world.

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Lifting gas

Because of Archimedes' principle, a lifting gas is required for aerostats to create buoyancy.

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Lighter

A lighter is a portable device used to create a flame, and to ignite a variety of combustible materials, such as cigars, gas stoves, fireworks, candles or cigarettes.

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Lighter than air

Lighter than air refers to materials (usually gases) that are buoyant in air because they have average densities lower than that of air.

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Lindstrand Balloons

Lindstrand Balloons was a manufacturer of hot air balloons and other aerostats.

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Linen

Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant.

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Liquefied petroleum gas

Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), also referred to as simply propane or butane, are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles.

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List of balloon uses

This is a list of uses of balloons.

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Litre

The litre (SI spelling) or liter (American spelling) (symbols L or l, sometimes abbreviated ltr) is an SI accepted metric system unit of volume equal to 1 cubic decimetre (dm3), 1,000 cubic centimetres (cm3) or 1/1,000 cubic metre. A cubic decimetre (or litre) occupies a volume of 10 cm×10 cm×10 cm (see figure) and is thus equal to one-thousandth of a cubic metre. The original French metric system used the litre as a base unit. The word litre is derived from an older French unit, the litron, whose name came from Greek — where it was a unit of weight, not volume — via Latin, and which equalled approximately 0.831 litres. The litre was also used in several subsequent versions of the metric system and is accepted for use with the SI,, p. 124. ("Days" and "hours" are examples of other non-SI units that SI accepts.) although not an SI unit — the SI unit of volume is the cubic metre (m3). The spelling used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures is "litre", a spelling which is shared by almost all English-speaking countries. The spelling "liter" is predominantly used in American English. One litre of liquid water has a mass of almost exactly one kilogram, because the kilogram was originally defined in 1795 as the mass of one cubic decimetre of water at the temperature of melting ice. Subsequent redefinitions of the metre and kilogram mean that this relationship is no longer exact.

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Ljubljana

Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.

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Lockhart, Texas

Lockhart is a city in Caldwell County, Texas, United States.

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Louis XVI of France

Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793), born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.

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Luxor

Luxor (الأقصر; Egyptian Arabic:; Sa'idi Arabic) is a city in Upper (southern) Egypt and the capital of Luxor Governorate.

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Maria Anna of Austria

Maria Anna of Austria (Maria Anna Josepha Antonia Regina; 7 September 1683 – 14 August 1754) was Queen consort of Portugal by marriage to King John V of Portugal.

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Mold

A mold or mould (is a fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae.

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Montgolfier brothers

Joseph-Michel Montgolfier (26 August 1740 – 26 June 1810) and Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier (6 January 1745 – 2 August 1799) were paper manufacturers from Annonay, in Ardèche, France best known as inventors of the Montgolfière-style hot air balloon, globe aérostatique.

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Mumbai

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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Nomex

Nomex is a flame-resistant meta-aramid material developed in the early 1960s by DuPont and first marketed in 1967.

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North Island

The North Island (Māori: Te Ika-a-Māui) is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the slightly larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait.

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Northern Territory

The Northern Territory (abbreviated as NT) is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia.

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Nylon

Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.

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Observation balloon

An observation balloon is a type of balloon that is employed as an aerial platform for intelligence gathering and artillery spotting.

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Operating temperature

An operating temperature is the temperature at which an electrical or mechanical device operates.

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Oregon Public Broadcasting

Oregon Public Broadcasting (OPB) is the primary television and radio public broadcasting network for most of the U.S. state of Oregon as well as southern Washington.

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Oswestry

Oswestry (Croesoswallt) is a large market town and civil parish in Shropshire, England, close to the Welsh border.

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Parachute

A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).

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Paris

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.

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Per Lindstrand

Per Lindstrand (born 8 September 1948) is a Swedish aeronautical engineer, pilot, adventurer and entrepreneur.

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Piezoelectricity

Piezoelectricity is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials (such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress.

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Pilot certification in the United States

Pilot certification in the United States is typically required for an individual to act as a pilot-in-command of an aircraft.

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Pilot light

Merker gas-fired water heater from the 1930s, with pilot light clearly visible through the aperture in the front cover. The large opening allowed for the manual lighting of the pilot light by a lit match or taper A pilot light is a small gas flame, usually natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas, which serves as an ignition source for a more powerful gas burner.

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Plano, Texas

Plano is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, located approximately twenty miles north of downtown Dallas.

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Polyester

Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.

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Polyethylene terephthalate

Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.

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Polyurethane

Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.

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Pope Innocent XIII

Pope Innocent XIII (Innocentius XIII; 13 May 1655 – 7 March 1724), born as Michelangelo dei Conti, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 8 May 1721 to his death in 1724.

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Porosity

Porosity or void fraction is a measure of the void (i.e. "empty") spaces in a material, and is a fraction of the volume of voids over the total volume, between 0 and 1, or as a percentage between 0% and 100%.

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Pressure measurement

Pressure measurement is the analysis of an applied force by a fluid (liquid or gas) on a surface.

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Pressure vessel

A pressure vessel is a container designed to hold gases or liquids at a pressure substantially different from the ambient pressure.

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Propane

Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C3H8.

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Rattan

Rattan (from the Malay rotan) is the name for roughly 600 species of old world climbing palms belonging to subfamily Calamoideae (from the Greek 'kálamos'.

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Rayon

Rayon is a manufactured fiber made from regenerated cellulose fiber.

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Research balloon

Research balloons are balloons that are used for scientific research.

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Richard Branson

Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950) is an English business magnate, investor and philanthropist.

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Rozière balloon

A Rozière balloon (or simply Rozière) is a type of hybrid balloon that has separate chambers for a non-heated lifting gas (such as hydrogen or helium) as well as for a heated lifting gas (as used in a hot air balloon or Montgolfière).

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Shu Han

Shu or Shu Han (221–263) was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).

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Silicone

Silicones, also known as polysiloxanes, are polymers that include any inert, synthetic compound made up of repeating units of siloxane, which is a chain of alternating silicon atoms and oxygen atoms, combined with carbon, hydrogen, and sometimes other elements.

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Sioux Falls, South Dakota

Sioux Falls (Lakota: Íŋyaŋ Okábleča Otȟúŋwahe; "Stone Shatter City") is the most populous city in the U.S. state of South Dakota and the 145th-most populous city in the United States.

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Sky lantern

A sky lantern, also known as Kongming lantern or Chinese lantern, is a small hot air balloon made of paper, with an opening at the bottom where a small fire is suspended.

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Skyhook balloon

Skyhook balloons were high-altitude balloons developed by Otto C. Winzen and General Mills, Inc.

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Slovenia

Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.

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Solar balloon

A solar balloon is a balloon that gains buoyancy when the air inside is heated by solar radiation, usually with the help of black or dark balloon material.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Sphere

A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, "globe, ball") is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball (viz., analogous to the circular objects in two dimensions, where a "circle" circumscribes its "disk").

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Stainless steel

In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.

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Statesville, North Carolina

Statesville is a city in Iredell County, North Carolina, United States.

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Steve Fossett

James Stephen "Steve" Fossett (April 22, 1944 – c. September 3, 2007) was an American businessman and a record-setting aviator, sailor, and adventurer.

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Stress (mechanics)

In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.

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Thermal airship

A thermal airship is an airship that generates buoyancy by heating air in a large chamber or envelope.

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Thermoplastic

A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.

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Three Kingdoms

The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).

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Titanium

Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.

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Trace heating

Electric heat tracing, heat tape or surface heating, is a system used to maintain or raise the temperature of pipes and vessels.

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Ultralight aircraft (United States)

Ultralight aircraft in the United States are much smaller and lighter than ultralight aircraft as defined by all other countries.

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Ultralight aviation

Ultralight aviation (called microlight aviation in some countries) is the flying of lightweight, 1- or 2-seat fixed-wing aircraft.

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Ultramagic

Ultramagic is a manufacturer of hot air balloons, based at the Igualada-Òdena airfield, province of Barcelona, Catalonia.

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Vapor pressure

Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid or liquid) at a given temperature in a closed system.

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Variometer

A variometer – also known as a rate of climb and descent indicator (RCDI), rate-of-climb indicator, vertical speed indicator (VSI), or vertical velocity indicator (VVI) – is one of the flight instruments in an aircraft used to inform the pilot of the rate of descent or climb.

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Velcro

Velcro Companies is a privately held company that produces fasteners and other products.

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Vijaypat Singhania

Vijaypat Singhania was the chairman emeritus of the Raymond Group of clothing and textiles and a former Sheriff of Mumbai, from 19 December 2005 to 18 December 2006.

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Walnut Street Prison

Walnut Street Prison was a city jail and penitentiary house in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from 1773 to 1838.

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Webbing

2 inch (50 mm) Nylon webbing as used in auto racing harnesses Webbing is a strong fabric woven as a flat strip or tube of varying width and fibres, often used in place of rope.

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Westfield, Somerset

Westfield is a settlement lying on the Fosse Way between Radstock and Midsomer Norton in Somerset, England.

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Wicker

Wicker is a technique for making products woven from any one of a variety of cane-like materials, a generic name for the materials used in such manufacture, and a term for the items so produced.

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Wind

Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale.

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Wool

Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.

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Zeppelin

A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.

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Zhuge Liang

Zhuge Liang (181–234), courtesy name Kongming, was a Chinese politician, military strategist, writer, engineer and inventor.

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1989 Alice Springs hot air balloon crash

On 13 August 1989, two hot air balloons collided near Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia, causing one to crash to the ground, killing thirteen people.

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2012 Carterton hot air balloon crash

On 7 January 2012, a scenic hot air balloon flight from Carterton, New Zealand, collided with a high-voltage power line while attempting to land, causing it to catch fire, disintegrate and crash just north of the town, killing all eleven people (ten passengers and the pilot) on board.

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2012 Ljubljana Marshes hot air balloon crash

The 2012 Ljubljana hot air balloon crash occurred on the Ljubljana Marshes in central Slovenia on 23 August 2012, killing six people while 26 others survived.

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2013 Luxor hot air balloon crash

On 26 February 2013, at 07:00 Egypt Standard Time (05:00 UTC), a hot air balloon crashed near Luxor, Egypt.

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2016 Lockhart hot air balloon crash

On July 30, 2016, sixteen people were killed when the hot air balloon they were riding in struck power lines, crashed and caught fire in the unincorporated community of Maxwell near Lockhart, Texas, a city south of the state capital Austin.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_air_balloon

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