325 relations: Abbot, Act of Settlement 1701, Acts of Union 1707, Advocate General for Scotland, Alec Douglas-Home, Angela Smith, Baroness Smith of Basildon, Annabel Goldie, Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876, Archbishop, Archbishop of Armagh (Church of Ireland), Archbishop of Canterbury, Archbishop of York, Attorney General for England and Wales, Australian Senate, Baron, Basil Hume, BBC News Online, Betty Boothroyd, Bicameralism, Bill (law), Bishop, Bishop of Durham, Bishop of Gloucester, Bishop of London, Bishop of Winchester, Bishopric of Manchester Act 1847, Bishops in the Church of Scotland, Black Rod, Borough, British Nationality Act 1948, By-elections to the House of Lords, Canon law, Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms, Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Cash for Honours, Chamber of Most Worthy Peers, Chamber of Peers (France), Chamber of Peers (Spain), Chancellor of the Exchequer, Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Charles I of England, Charles, Prince of Wales, Charlotte Vere, Baroness Vere of Norbiton, Chief Rabbi, Christian state, Church in Wales, Church of England, Church of England Assembly (Powers) Act 1919, Church of Ireland, Church of Scotland, ..., City of Westminster, Clergy Act 1661, Clerk of the Parliaments, Cloture, Clouds of Witness, Commonwealth citizen, Commonwealth of England, Confidence and supply, Conservative Monday Club, Conservative Party (UK), Constitution Committee, Constitutional convention (political custom), Constitutional Reform Act 2005, Convention Parliament (1660), Cook Islands, Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, Crossbencher, Curia regis, Dan Byles, David Cameron, David Verney, 21st Baron Willoughby de Broke, David Young, Baron Young of Graffham, Debate chamber, Deborah Stedman-Scott, Baroness Stedman-Scott, Dennis Stevenson, Baron Stevenson of Coddenham, Devolution, Dewan Negara, Diocese, Diocese in Europe, Diocese of Sodor and Man, Dissolution of the Monasteries, Division of the assembly, Donald Soper, Baron Soper, Dorothy L. Sayers, Duke, Earl, Earl Marshal, Earl of Chester, Ecclesiology, Edward II of England, Edward III of England, Edward Russell, 26th Baron de Clifford, English Civil War, English Reformation, Enoch Powell, European Convention on Human Rights, European Court of Human Rights, European Court of Justice, European Union Committee, European Union law, Felony, Feudalism, First Secretary of State, Frances D'Souza, Baroness D'Souza, Frederick Curzon, 7th Earl Howe, George III of the United Kingdom, George Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen, George V, George Young, Baron Young of Cookham, Government of the United Kingdom, Great Britain, Greater London, Gunpowder Plot, H. H. Asquith, Harold Wilson, Helene Hayman, Baroness Hayman, Henry Ashton, 4th Baron Ashton of Hyde, Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, Henry VIII of England, Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition (United Kingdom), Hereditary peer, High Court of Justiciary, High treason, Historic counties of England, Historic counties of Wales, Holy See, Honours (Prevention of Abuses) Act 1925, House of Ariki, House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Elders (Somaliland), House of Lords (Austria), House of Lords (Expulsion and Suspension) Act 2015, House of Lords Act 1999, House of Lords Appointments Commission, House of Lords Library, House of Lords Reform Act 2014, House of Lords Reform Bill 2012, House of Nobility (Sweden), House of Peers (Japan), House of Tudor, Ian Duncan, Baron Duncan of Springbank, Immanuel Jakobovits, Baron Jakobovits, Impeachment, Instant-runoff voting, International Monarchist League, Interregnum (England), Introduction (House of Lords), Irene Curzon, 2nd Baroness Ravensdale, Irish Church Act 1869, Irish House of Lords, Irish nationality law, Jack Straw, James Callaghan, James Mackay, Baron Mackay of Clashfern, James O'Shaughnessy, Baron O'Shaughnessy, James Younger, 5th Viscount Younger of Leckie, Janet Royall, Baroness Royall of Blaisdon, John Gardiner, Baron Gardiner of Kimble, John Major, John Taylor, Baron Taylor of Holbeach, Joint committee, Jonathan Sacks, Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Julia Neuberger, Kenneth Clarke, Labour Party (UK), Leader of the House of Lords, Liberal Democrats (UK), Life peer, Life Peerages Act 1958, List of Church of England Measures, List of elected hereditary peers under the House of Lords Act 1999, List of trials of peers in the House of Lords, Liz Sugg, Baroness Sugg, Lord Chancellor, Lord Great Chamberlain, Lord High Steward, Lord of Parliament, Lord Peter Wimsey, Lord Privy Seal, Lord Protector, Lord Speaker, Lord-in-Waiting, Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, Lords Spiritual, Lords Spiritual (Women) Act 2015, Lords Temporal, Loss of supply, Magnum Concilium, Manchester, Manchester University Press, Manifesto, Margaret of Mar, 31st Countess of Mar, Margaret Thatcher, Marquess, Martin Callanan, Member of parliament, Members of the House of Lords, Merlin Hanbury-Tracy, 7th Baron Sudeley, Michael Bates, Baron Bates, Michael Foot, Middlesex Guildhall, Minister without portfolio, Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Mitre, Model Parliament, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Money bill, Natalie Evans, Baroness Evans of Bowes Park, Neil Kinnock, Nick Bourne, Nick Clegg, Nobility, Non-affiliated members of the House of Lords, Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler, Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland peace process, Office of Public Sector Information, Old Sarum (UK Parliament constituency), Oliver Cromwell, Oliver Eden, 8th Baron Henley, Order of Merit, Oxford University Press, Palace of Westminster, Parliament Act 1911, Parliament in the Making, Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, Parliament of Scotland, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parliament of the United Kingdom relocation, Parliamentary Archives, Patricia Scotland, Patrick Stopford, 9th Earl of Courtown, Paul Tyler, Peerage Act 1963, Peerage of England, Peerage of Ireland, Peerage of Scotland, Peerages in the United Kingdom, Peta Buscombe, Baroness Buscombe, Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, Peter Mandelson, Peter Truscott, Baron Truscott, President of the Board of Trade, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Prince Andrew, Duke of York, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, Prior, Provisional order, Prussian House of Lords, Public bill committee, Rachel Treweek, Rajya Sabha, Reform Act 1832, Reform of the House of Lords, Representative peer, Resignation from the British House of Commons, Richard Keen, Baron Keen of Elie, Richard Newby, Baron Newby, Robin Cook, Robin Eames, Rona Fairhead, Baroness Fairhead, Rotten and pocket boroughs, Rowan Williams, Royal assent, Salisbury Convention, Secretary General of NATO, Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Secretary of State for Defence, Secretary of State for Employment, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Secretary of State for International Development, Secretary of State for Justice, Select committee (United Kingdom), Senate, Senate (Lesotho), Senate of Canada, Senate of the Kingdom of Italy, Senior Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords, Serjeant-at-arms, Single transferable vote, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), Speech from the throne, State Opening of Parliament, Statutory instrument, Supreme court, Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, Susan Williams, Baroness Williams of Trafford, Tariq Ahmad, Baron Ahmad of Wimbledon, The Crown, The Stationery Office, Theodore Agnew, Baron Agnew of Oulton, Tim Beaumont, Tom Taylor, Baron Taylor of Blackburn, Tony Benn, Tony Blair, Tony Wright (Cannock Chase MP), Treason, Treaty of Union, UK Independence Party, UK Parliament Week, United Kingdom, United Kingdom general election, 2005, United Kingdom general election, December 1910, United Kingdom general election, January 1910, United Kingdom parliamentary expenses scandal, Upper house, Valerie Amos, Baroness Amos, Viscount, Viscount Stansgate, Voice vote, Wakeham Report, Wars of the Roses, Welsh Church Act 1914, Westminster system, White paper, William IV of the United Kingdom, Woolsack, Zahida Manzoor, 2009 cash for influence scandal. 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Abbot, meaning father, is an ecclesiastical title given to the male head of a monastery in various traditions, including Christianity.
The Act of Settlement is an Act of the Parliament of England that was passed in 1701 to settle the succession to the English and Irish crowns on Protestants only.
The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland.
Her Majesty's Advocate General for Scotland (Àrd-neach-tagraidh na Bànrighe airson Alba) is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, whose duty it is to advise the Crown and Government of the United Kingdom on Scots law.
Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, (2 July 1903 – 9 October 1995) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1963 to October 1964.
Angela Evans Smith, Baroness Smith of Basildon, (born 7 January 1959) UK Parliament is a British Labour Co-operative politician who was Member of Parliament (MP) for Basildon from 1997 until losing her seat to the Conservatives at the 2010 General Election.
Annabel MacNicoll Goldie, Baroness Goldie DL (born 27 February 1950) is a Scottish politician who was leader of the Scottish Conservatives between 2005 and 2011 and a Member of the Scottish Parliament between 1999 and 2016.
The Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 (39 & 40 Vict. c.59) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that altered the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
In Christianity, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek αρχιεπίσκοπος, from αρχι-, 'chief', and επίσκοπος, 'bishop') is a bishop of higher rank or office.
The Anglican Archbishop of Armagh is the ecclesiastical head of the Church of Ireland, bearing the title Primate of All Ireland, the metropolitan of the Province of Armagh and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Armagh.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
The Archbishop of York is a senior bishop in the Church of England, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Her Majesty's Attorney General for England and Wales, usually known simply as the Attorney General, is one of the Law Officers of the Crown.
The Australian Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the House of Representatives.
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary.
Basil Hume OSB OM (2 March 1923 – 17 June 1999) was an English Roman Catholic bishop.
BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.
Betty Boothroyd, Baroness Boothroyd, (born 8 October 1929) is a British politician, who served as a Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for West Bromwich and West Bromwich West from 1973 to 1992.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
A bill is proposed legislation under consideration by a legislature.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York.
The Bishop of Gloucester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Gloucester in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Winchester is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Winchester in the Church of England.
The Bishopric of Manchester Act 1847 is an Act of Parliament with the principle purpose of delegating to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England the power to put forward a scheme (a form of secondary legislation) to create the Diocese of Manchester.
There have not been bishops in the Church of Scotland since the Restoration Episcopacy of the 17th century, although there have occasionally been attempts to reintroduce episcopalianism.
The Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, or Lady Usher of the Black Rod, generally shortened to Black Rod, is an official in the parliaments of several Commonwealth countries.
A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries.
The British Nationality Act 1948 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that created the status of "Citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies" (CUKC) as the national citizenship of the United Kingdom and its colonies.
Following the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, the number of hereditary peers entitled to sit in the House of Lords was reduced to ninety-two.
Canon law (from Greek kanon, a 'straight measuring rod, ruler') is a set of ordinances and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or church and its members.
The Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms is a UK government post since 1945 held by the Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords.
The Captain of the Queen's Bodyguard of the Yeomen of the Guard is a UK government post usually held by the Government Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Lords.
Cash for Honours (also Cash for Peerages, Loans for Lordships, Loans for Honours or Loans for Peerages) was a political scandal in the United Kingdom in 2006 and 2007 concerning the connection between political donations and the award of life peerages.
The Chamber of Peers of Portugal, alternatively translatable as the House of Lords and formally styled the Chamber of the Most Worthy Peers of the Kingdom (Portuguese: Câmara dos Pares or Câmara dos Digníssimos Pares do Reino) was the upper house of the Cortes Gerais, the legislature of the Kingdom of Portugal during most of the constitutional monarchy period.
The Chamber of Peers (French: Chambre des Pairs) was the upper house of the French parliament from 1814 to 1848.
The Chamber of Peers (Spanish: Cámara de Pares) was the upper house in the Spanish Cortes.
The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury.
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, (13 March 1764 – 17 July 1845), known as Viscount Howick between 1806 and 1807, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from November 1830 to July 1834.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.
Charlotte Sarah Emily Vere, Baroness Vere of Norbiton (born 9 March 1969) is a British Conservative politician and member of the House of Lords.
Chief Rabbi is a title given in several countries to the recognised religious leader of that country's Jewish community, or to a rabbinic leader appointed by the local secular authorities.
A Christian state is a country that recognizes a form of Christianity as its official religion and often has a state church, which is a Christian denomination that supports the government and is supported by the government.
The Church in Wales (Yr Eglwys yng Nghymru) is the Anglican church in Wales, composed of six dioceses.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
The Church of England Assembly (Powers) Act 1919 (9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 76) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that enables the Church of England to submit primary legislation called Measures, for passage by Parliament.
The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann; Ulster-Scots: Kirk o Airlann) is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion.
The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the national church of Scotland.
The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough which also holds city status.
The Clergy Act 1661 (13 Car. II, St. I, c.2) was an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of England passed in 1661.
The Clerk of the Parliaments is the chief clerk of the House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Cloture, closure, or, informally, a guillotine is a motion or process in parliamentary procedure aimed at bringing debate to a quick end.
Clouds of Witness is a 1926 mystery novel by Dorothy L. Sayers, the second in her series featuring Lord Peter Wimsey.
In general, a Commonwealth citizen is a citizen of a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations.
The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.
In a parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster system, confidence and supply are required for a minority government to retain power in the lower house.
The Conservative Monday Club (usually known as the Monday Club) is a British political pressure group, aligned with the Conservative Party, though no longer endorsed by it.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The Constitution Committee is a cross-party select committee of the House of Lords, the upper chamber of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
A constitutional convention is an informal and uncodified procedural agreement that is followed by the institutions of a state.
The Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4) is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Convention Parliament (25 April 1660 – 29 December 1660) followed the Long Parliament that had finally voted for its own dissolution on 16 March that year.
The Cook Islands (Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand.
Cormac Murphy-O'Connor (24 August 1932 – 1 September 2017) was a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Westminster and President of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales.
A crossbencher is an independent or minor party member of some legislatures, such as the British House of Lords and the Parliament of Australia.
Curia regis is a Latin term meaning "royal council" or "king's court." It was the name given to councils of advisors and administrators who served early French kings as well as to those serving Norman and later kings of England.
Daniel Alan Byles FRGS (born 24 June 1974) is an English mountaineer, sailor, ocean rower, polar adventurer and Conservative Party politician.
David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016.
Leopold David Verney, 21st Baron Willoughby de Broke DL FRSA FRGS (born 14 September 1938) is a British member of the House of Lords.
David Ivor Young, Baron Young of Graffham, CH, PC, DL (born 27 February 1932) is a British Conservative politician and businessman.
A debate chamber is a room for people to discuss and debate.
Deborah Stedman-Scott, Baroness Stedman-Scott, (born 23 November 1955) is a Conservative member of the House of Lords and the former Chief Executive Officer of Tomorrow's People Trust.
Henry Dennistoun "Dennis" Stevenson, Baron Stevenson of Coddenham, CBE, DL (born 19 July 1945) is a British businessman and former chairman of HBOS.
Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional or local level.
The Dewan Negara (Malay for Senate, literally State Hall) is the upper house of the Parliament of Malaysia, consisting of 70 senators of whom 26 are elected by the state legislative assemblies, with two senators for each state, while the other 44 are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King), including four who are appointed to represent the federal territories.
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".
The Diocese in Europe (short form for "The Diocese of Gibraltar in Europe") is geographically the largest diocese of the Church of England and the largest diocese in the Anglican Communion, covering some one-sixth of the Earth's landmass, including Morocco, Europe (excluding the British Isles), Turkey, Mongolia and the territory of the former Soviet Union.
The Diocese of Sodor and Man is a diocese of the Church of England.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England and Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions.
In parliamentary procedure, a division of the assembly, division of the house, or simply division is a method for taking a better estimate of a vote than a voice vote.
Donald Oliver Soper, Baron Soper (31 January 1903 – 22 December 1998) was a prominent Methodist minister, socialist and pacifist.
Dorothy Leigh Sayers (13 June 1893 – 17 December 1957) was a renowned English crime writer and poet.
A duke (male) or duchess (female) can either be a monarch ruling over a duchy or a member of royalty or nobility, historically of highest rank below the monarch.
An earl is a member of the nobility.
Earl Marshal (alternatively Marschal, Marischal or Marshall) is a hereditary royal officeholder and chivalric title under the sovereign of the United Kingdom used in England (then, following the Act of Union 1800, in the United Kingdom).
The Earldom of Chester (Welsh: Iarll Caer) was one of the most powerful earldoms in medieval England, extending principally over the counties of Cheshire and Flintshire.
In Christian theology, ecclesiology is the study of the Christian Church, the origins of Christianity, its relationship to Jesus, its role in salvation, its polity, its discipline, its destiny, and its leadership.
Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Carnarvon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
Lieutenant Colonel Edward Southwell Russell, 26th Baron de Clifford, OBE, TD (31 January 1907 – 3 January 1982), was the only son of Jack Southwell Russell, 25th Baron de Clifford, and Eva Carrington.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.
John Enoch Powell (16 June 19128 February 1998) was a British politician, classical scholar, author, linguist, soldier, philologist and poet.
The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (formally the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) is an international treaty to protect human rights and political freedoms in Europe.
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR; Cour européenne des droits de l’homme) is a supranational or international court established by the European Convention on Human Rights.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (Cour de Justice), is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law.
The European Union Committee is a select committee of the House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
European Union law is the system of laws operating within the member states of the European Union.
The term felony, in some common law countries, is defined as a serious crime.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
First Secretary of State is an honorary title occasionally used in the Government of the United Kingdom.
Frances Gertrude Claire D'Souza, Baroness D'Souza, (née Russell; born 18 April 1944) is a British scientist and life peer.
Frederick Richard Penn Curzon, 7th Earl Howe, (born 29 January 1951) is a Conservative front bench member of the House of Lords.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
George Islay MacNeill Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen, (born 12 April 1946) is a British Labour Party politician who was the tenth Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation from 1999 to 2004; he succeeded Javier Solana in that position.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
George Samuel Knatchbull Young, Baron Young of Cookham, (born 16 July 1941), known as Sir George Young, 6th Baronet, from 1960 to 2015, is a British Conservative Party politician who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1974 to 2015, having represented North West Hampshire since 1997 and Ealing Acton prior to that.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
Greater London is a region of England which forms the administrative boundaries of London, as well as a county for the purposes of the lieutenancies.
The Gunpowder Plot of 1605, in earlier centuries often called the Gunpowder Treason Plot or the Jesuit Treason, was a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman of the Liberal Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.
Helene Valerie Hayman, Baroness Hayman, (née Middleweek; born 26 March 1949, Wolverhampton) was Lord Speaker of the House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Thomas Henry Ashton, 4th Baron Ashton of Hyde (born 18 July 1958), is the eldest son of Thomas Ashton, 3rd Baron Ashton of Hyde and Pauline Trewlove Brackenbury.
Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, PC, FRSE (28 April 1742, Edinburgh, Scotland – 28 May 1811, Edinburgh) was a Scottish advocate and Tory politician.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
Her Majesty's Most Loyal Opposition, or the Official Opposition, in the United Kingdom is led by the Leader of the Opposition.
The Hereditary peers form part of the peerage in the United Kingdom.
The High Court of Justiciary is the supreme criminal court in Scotland.
Treason is criminal disloyalty.
The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others.
The historic counties of Wales are sub-divisions of Wales.
The Holy See (Santa Sede; Sancta Sedes), also called the See of Rome, is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, the episcopal see of the Pope, and an independent sovereign entity.
The Honours (Prevention of Abuses) Act 1925 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, that makes the sale of peerages or any other honours illegal.
The House of Ariki is a parliamentary body in the Cook Islands.
The House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that prohibits certain categories of people from becoming members of the House of Commons.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Elders (Golaha Guurtida) is the upper house of the northwestern Somaliland autonomous region of Somalia.
The House of Lords (Herrenhaus, Panská sněmovna, Camera dei signori, Gosposka zbornica., Izba Panów) was the upper house of the Imperial Council, the bicameral legislature of the Austrian Empire from 1861 and of the Cisleithanian (Austrian) half of Austria-Hungary upon the Compromise of 1867.
The House of Lords (Expulsion and Suspension) Act 2015 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom which authorised the House of Lords to expel a member, or to suspend a member for a definite period of time.
The House of Lords Act 1999 (c. 34) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that was given Royal Assent on 11 November 1999.
The House of Lords Appointments Commission is an independent advisory Non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords Library is the library and information resource of the House of Lords, the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords Reform Act 2014 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords Reform Bill 2012 was a proposed Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom introduced to the House of Commons in June 2012 by Nick Clegg.
The House of Nobility (Riddarhuset) in Stockholm, Sweden is a corporation and a building, that maintains records and acts as an interest group on behalf of the Swedish nobility.
The was the upper house of the Imperial Diet as mandated under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan (in effect from 11 February 1889 to 3 May 1947).
The House of Tudor was an English royal house of Welsh origin, descended in the male line from the Tudors of Penmynydd.
Ian James Duncan, Baron Duncan of Springbank (born 1973) is a Conservative politician, currently serving as Parliamentary Under Secretary of State in both the Scotland Office and the Northern Ireland Office.
Immanuel Jakobovits, Baron Jakobovits (8 February 192131 October 1999) was the Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth from 1967 to 1991.
Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body formally levels charges against a high official of government.
Instant-runoff voting (IRV) is a voting method used in single-seat elections with more than two candidates.
The International Monarchist League (known until the mid-1990s as the Monarchist League) is an organisation dedicated to the preservation and promotion of the monarchical system of government and the principle of monarchy worldwide.
The Interregnum was the period between the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649 and the arrival of his son Charles II in London on 29 May 1660 which marked the start of the Restoration.
Introduction is a ceremony in the House of Lords whereby new members are "introduced" to the existing membership.
Mary Irene Curzon, 2nd Baroness Ravensdale, CBE (20 January 1896 – 9 February 1966) was a charitable socialite, the eldest child of George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston and Mary Victoria Leiter, a daughter of Levi Ziegler Leiter.
The Irish Church Act 1869 (32 & 33 Vict. c. 42) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed during William Ewart Gladstone's administration and which came into force on 1 January 1871.
The Irish House of Lords was the upper house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from medieval times until 1800.
Irish nationality law is contained in the provisions of the Irish Nationality and Citizenship Acts 1956 to 2004 and in the relevant provisions of the Irish Constitution.
John Whitaker Straw (born 3 August 1946) is an English politician who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Blackburn from 1979 to 2015.
Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), often known as Jim Callaghan, served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980.
James Peter Hymers Mackay, Baron Mackay of Clashfern, (born 2 July 1927) is a British advocate.
James Richard O'Shaughnessy, Baron O'Shaughnessy (born 26 March 1976) is a British Conservative politician and member of the House of Lords.
James Younger, 5th Viscount Younger of Leckie, Bt (born 11 November 1955) is an elected hereditary peer who sits on the Conservative benches in the House of Lords.
Janet Anne Royall, Baroness Royall of Blaisdon (born 20 August 1955) is a British Labour Co-operative Party politician.
John Gardiner, Baron Gardiner of Kimble (born 17 March 1956) is a Conservative life peer and member of the House of Lords.
Sir John Major (born 29 March 1943) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997.
John Derek Taylor, Baron Taylor of Holbeach, (born 12 November 1943) is a British Conservative politician and current Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords.
A joint committee is a committee made up of members of both chambers of a bicameral legislature.
Jonathan Henry Sacks, Baron Sacks, (Hebrew: Yaakov Zvi, יעקב צבי; born 8 March 1948) is a British Orthodox rabbi, philosopher, theologian, author and politician.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
Julia Babette Sarah Neuberger, Baroness Neuberger, DBE (née Schwab; born 27 February 1950) is a member of the British House of Lords.
Kenneth Harry Clarke (born 2 July 1940) is a British Conservative politician who has been the Member of Parliament for Rushcliffe since 1970.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
The Leader of the House of Lords is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Lords.
The Liberal Democrats (often referred to as Lib Dems) are a liberal British political party, formed in 1988 as a merger of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a splinter group from the Labour Party, which had formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance from 1981.
In the United Kingdom, life peers are appointed members of the peerage whose titles cannot be inherited, in contrast to hereditary peers.
The Life Peerages Act 1958 established the modern standards for the creation of life peers by the monarch of the United Kingdom.
This is a list of Church of England Measures, which are the legislation of the Church of England.
This is a list of hereditary peers elected to serve in the House of Lords under the provisions of the House of Lords Act 1999 and the Standing Orders of the House of Lords.
This is a list of trials of peers in the House of Lords.
Elizabeth Grace Sugg, Baroness Sugg, CBE (born 2 May 1977) is a British Conservative politician and political adviser.
The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking even the Prime Minister.
In the United Kingdom, the Lord Great Chamberlain is the sixth of the Great Officers of State (not to be confused with the Great Offices of State), ranking beneath the Lord Privy Seal and above the Lord High Constable.
The position of Lord High Steward is the first of the Great Officers of State in England, nominally ranking above the Lord Chancellor.
A Lord of Parliament (Laird o Pairlament) was the holder of the lowest form of peerage entitled as of right to take part in sessions of the pre-Union Parliament of Scotland.
Lord Peter Death Bredon Wimsey is the fictional protagonist in a series of detective novels and short stories by Dorothy L. Sayers (and their continuation by Jill Paton Walsh).
The Lord Privy Seal (or, more formally, the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal) is the fifth of the Great Officers of State in the United Kingdom, ranking beneath the Lord President of the Council and above the Lord Great Chamberlain.
Lord Protector (pl. Lords Protectors) is a title that has been used in British constitutional law for the head of state.
The Lord Speaker is the speaker of the House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Lords-in-Waiting (female Baroness-in-Waiting) are peers who hold office in the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, commonly known as Law Lords, were judges appointed under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 to the British House of Lords in order to exercise its judicial functions, which included acting as the highest court of appeal for most domestic matters.
The Lords Spiritual of the United Kingdom are the 26 bishops of the established Church of England who serve in the House of Lords along with the Lords Temporal.
The Lords Spiritual (Women) Act 2015 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom.
In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Lords Temporal are secular members of the House of Lords.
Loss of supply occurs where a government in a parliamentary democracy using the Westminster System or a system derived from it is denied a supply of treasury or exchequer funds, by whichever house or houses of parliament or head of state is constitutionally entitled to grant and deny supply.
In the Kingdom of England, the Magnum Concilium, or Great Council, was an assembly convened at certain times of the year when church leaders and wealthy landowners were invited to discuss the affairs of the country with the king.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manchester University Press is the university press of the University of Manchester, England and a publisher of academic books and journals.
A manifesto is a published verbal declaration of the intentions, motives, or views of the issuer, be it an individual, group, political party or government.
Margaret of Mar, 31st Countess of Mar (born 19 September 1940), is a crossbench member of the House of Lords, an elected hereditary peer, the holder of the original Earldom of Mar, the oldest peerage title in the United Kingdom, and a farmer and former specialist goats cheesemaker in Great Witley, Worcestershire.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
A marquess (marquis) is a nobleman of hereditary rank in various European peerages and in those of some of their former colonies.
Martin John Callanan, Baron Callanan (born 8 August 1961) is a British Conservative Party politician and UK Government Minister.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
This is a list of members of the House of Lords, the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Merlin Charles Sainthill Hanbury-Tracy, 7th Baron Sudeley (born 17 June 1939) is a British peer, author and veteran right-wing activist.
Michael Walton Bates, Baron Bates (born 26 May 1961) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom serving in the House of Lords since 2008 having previously represented the constituency of Langbaurgh in the House of Commons from 1992 to 1997.
Michael Mackintosh Foot (23 July 1913 – 3 March 2010) was a British Labour Party politician and man of letters.
The Middlesex Guildhall is the home of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
A minister without portfolio is either a government minister with no specific responsibilities or a minister who does not head a particular ministry.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
The mitre (British English) (Greek: μίτρα, "headband" or "turban") or miter (American English; see spelling differences), is a type of headgear now known as the traditional, ceremonial head-dress of bishops and certain abbots in traditional Christianity.
The Model Parliament is the term, attributed to Frederic William Maitland, used for the 1295 Parliament of England of King Edward I. This assembly included members of the clergy and the aristocracy, as well as representatives from the various counties and boroughs.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
In the Westminster system (and, colloquially, in the United States), a money bill or supply bill is a bill that solely concerns taxation or government spending (also known as appropriation of money), as opposed to changes in public law.
Natalie Jessica Evans, Baroness Evans of Bowes Park, (born 29 November 1975) is a British Conservative Party politician serving as Leader of the House of Lords.
Neil Gordon Kinnock, Baron Kinnock, (born 28 March 1942) is a Welsh Labour Party politician.
Nicholas Henry Bourne, Baron Bourne of Aberystwyth (born 1 January 1952) is a Welsh Conservative Party politician who served as Leader of the Welsh Conservative Party and Member of the National Assembly for Wales for Mid and West Wales from August 1999 until May 2011.
Sir Nicholas William Peter Clegg (born 7 January 1967) is a British politician who served as Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2015 and as Leader of the Liberal Democrats from 2007 to 2015.
Nobility is a social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty, that possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in a society and with membership thereof typically being hereditary.
Members of the House of Lords are said to be non-affiliated if they do not belong to any parliamentary group.
Peter Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler, (born 2 February 1938) is a British politician who was a member of Margaret Thatcher's ministry.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Northern Ireland peace process is often considered to cover the events leading up to the 1994 Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) ceasefire, the end of most of the violence of the Troubles, the Good Friday (or Belfast) Agreement of 1998, and subsequent political developments.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
Old Sarum was from 1295 to 1832 a parliamentary constituency of England (until 1707), of Great Britain (until 1800), and finally of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Oliver Cromwell (25 April 15993 September 1658) was an English military and political leader.
Oliver Michael Robert Eden, 8th Baron Henley and 6th Baron Northington PC (born 22 November 1953) is a British hereditary peer and politician, who is a Conservative member of the House of Lords.
The Order of Merit (Ordre du Mérite) is an order of merit recognising distinguished service in the armed forces, science, art, literature, or for the promotion of culture.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Parliament Act 1911 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Parliament in the Making was a programme of events organised by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to commemorate a series of anniversaries in 2015 including.
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it became the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Parliament of Great Britain was formed in 1707 following the ratification of the Acts of Union by both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland.
The Parliament of Scotland was the legislature of the Kingdom of Scotland.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
Several parties have advocated the relocation of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from its current location at the Palace of Westminster, London, to the English Midlands or Northern England, for economic or other reasons.
The Parliamentary Archives of the United Kingdom preserves and makes available to public the records of the House of Lords and House of Commons back to 1497, as well as some 200 other collections of Parliamentary interest.
Patricia Janet Scotland, Baroness Scotland of Asthal (born 19 August 1955) is an English politician and barrister who served in ministerial positions within the UK Government, most notably as the Attorney General for England and Wales and Advocate General for Northern Ireland.
James Patrick Montagu Burgoyne Winthrop Stopford, 9th Earl of Courtown (also known as Patrick Courtown; born 19 March 1954), styled Viscount Stopford between 1957 and 1975, is an Irish peer and politician.
Paul Archer Tyler, Baron Tyler, CBE, PC, DL (born 29 October 1941) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom.
The Peerage Act 1963 (1963 c. 48) is the Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that permitted women peers and all Scottish hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, and which allows newly inherited hereditary peerages to be disclaimed.
The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707.
The Peerage of Ireland consists of those titles of nobility created by the English monarchs in their capacity as Lord or King of Ireland, or later by monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Peerage of Scotland (Moraireachd na h-Alba) is the section of the Peerage of the British Isles for those peers created by the King of Scots before 1707.
The peerage is a legal system comprising both hereditary and lifetime titles in the United Kingdom (as elsewhere in Europe), composed of various noble ranks, and forming a constituent part of the British honours system.
Peta Jane Buscombe, Baroness Buscombe (née O'Flynn, born 12 March 1954) is an English barrister, regulator and politician.
Peter Alexander Rupert Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, (born 6 June 1919) is a British Conservative politician and hereditary peer who served as Defence Secretary between 1970 and 1974, Foreign Secretary between 1979 and 1982, chairman of General Electric between 1983 and 1984, and Secretary General of NATO from 1984 to 1988.
Peter Benjamin Mandelson, Baron Mandelson, (born 21 October 1953) is a British Labour politician, president of international think tank Policy Network and Chairman of strategic advisory firm He served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Hartlepool from 1992 to 2004, and held a number of Cabinet positions under Prime Ministers Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.
Peter Derek Truscott, Baron Truscott (born 20 March 1959 in Newton Abbot, Devon) is a British petroleum and mining consultant, independent member of the House of Lords and writer.
The President of the Board of Trade is head of the Board of Trade.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Prince Andrew, Duke of York, (Andrew Albert Christian Edward, born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British royal family.
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, (Edward George Nicholas Paul Patrick; born 9 October 1935) is a member of the British royal family.
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964) is the youngest of four children and the third son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921) is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II.
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, (Richard Alexander Walter George; born 26 August 1944) is the youngest grandchild of King George V and Queen Mary.
Prior, derived from the Latin for "earlier, first", (or prioress for nuns) is an ecclesiastical title for a superior, usually lower in rank than an abbot or abbess.
Provisional Order is a method of procedure followed by several government departments in England, authorizing action on the part of local authorities under various acts of Parliament.
The Prussian House of Lords (Preußisches Herrenhaus) in Berlin was the upper house of the Preußischer Landtag, the parliament of Prussia from 1850 to 1918.
In the British House of Commons, public bill committees (known as standing committees before 2006) consider Bills – proposed Acts of Parliament.
Rachel Treweek (née Montgomery; born 4 February 1963) is a British Anglican bishop, Lord Spiritual and former speech and language therapist.
The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India.
The Representation of the People Act 1832 (known informally as the 1832 Reform Act, Great Reform Act or First Reform Act to distinguish it from subsequent Reform Acts) was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom (indexed as 2 & 3 Will. IV c. 45) that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.
Certain governments in the United Kingdom have, for more than a century, attempted to find a way to reform the House of Lords, the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
In the United Kingdom, representative peers were those peers elected by the members of the Peerage of Scotland and the Peerage of Ireland to sit in the British House of Lords.
Members of Parliament (MPs) sitting in the House of Commons in the United Kingdom are technically not permitted to resign their seats.
Richard Sanderson Keen, Baron Keen of Elie QC PC (born 29 March 1954) is a Scottish lawyer and Conservative Party politician.
Richard Mark Newby, Baron Newby (born 14 February 1953), known popularly as Dick Newby, is a British politician, who has been the Leader of the Liberal Democrats in the House of Lords since September 2016.
Robert Finlayson Cook (28 February 1946 – 6 August 2005) was a Scottish Labour Party politician, who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Livingston from 1983 until his death, and served in the Cabinet as Foreign Secretary from 1997 until 2001, when he was replaced by Jack Straw.
Robert "Robin" Henry Alexander Eames, Baron Eames, (born 27 April 1936), is an Anglican bishop who served as Primate of All Ireland and Archbishop of Armagh from 1986 to 2006.
Rona Alison Fairhead, Baroness Fairhead (née Haig; born 28 August 1961), is a Minister of State at the Department for International Trade.
A rotten or pocket borough, more formally known as a nomination borough or proprietorial borough, was a parliamentary borough or constituency in England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom before the Reform Act 1832, which had a very small electorate and could be used by a patron to gain unrepresentative influence within the unreformed House of Commons.
Rowan Douglas Williams, Baron Williams of Oystermouth (born 14 June 1950) is a Welsh Anglican bishop, theologian and poet.
Royal assent or sanction is the method by which a country's monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament.
The Salisbury Convention (officially called the Salisbury Doctrine, the Salisbury-Addison Convention or the Salisbury/Addison Convention) is a constitutional convention in the United Kingdom under which the House of Lords will not oppose the second or third reading of any government legislation promised in its election manifesto.
The Secretary General of NATO (Secrétaire général de l'OTAN) is an international diplomat who serves as the chief civil servant of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (DEBEIS), or informally Business Secretary, is a cabinet position in the United Kingdom government.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Defence (Defence Secretary) is an official within Her Majesty's Government and head of the Ministry of Defence.
The Secretary of State for Employment was a position in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, normally referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior, high-ranking official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for International Development is a British cabinet minister responsible for the Department for International Development and for promoting development overseas, particularly in developing countries.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Justice is a senior position in the cabinet of the United Kingdom, held in conjunction with the office of Lord Chancellor since it was created in 2007, replacing the former post of Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs.
In British politics, parliamentary select committees can be appointed from the House of Commons, like the Foreign Affairs Select Committee, from the House of Lords, like the Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, or as a "Joint Committee" drawn from both, such as the Joint Committee on Human Rights.
A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or chamber of a bicameral legislature or parliament.
The Senate of Lesotho is the upper chamber of Lesotho's bicameral Parliament.
The Senate of Canada (Sénat du Canada) is the upper house of the Parliament of Canada, along with the House of Commons and the Monarch (represented by the Governor General).
The Senate of the Kingdom of Italy was the upper house of the bicameral parliament of the Kingdom of Italy, established on 17 March 1861 upon Italian unification to replace the Subalpine Senate.
The Senior Deputy Speaker is an officer of the House of Lords whose main role is to preside over the House when it is in committee (i.e., considering a bill at committee stage), either in the Lords Chamber or in Grand Committee, which is when committee stage is taken away from the floor to free up debating time in the main Chamber.
A serjeant-at-arms, or sergeant-at-arms is an officer appointed by a deliberative body, usually a legislature, to keep order during its meetings.
The single transferable vote (STV) is a voting system designed to achieve proportional representation through ranked voting in multi-seat organizations or constituencies (voting districts).
The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.
A speech from the throne (or throne speech) is an event in certain monarchies in which the reigning sovereign, or a representative thereof, reads a prepared speech to members of the nation's legislature when a session is opened, outlining the government's agenda and focus for the forthcoming session; or in some cases, closed.
The State Opening of Parliament is an event which formally marks the beginning of a session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
In many countries, a statutory instrument is a form of delegated legislation.
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the supreme court in all matters under English and Welsh law, Northern Irish law and Scottish civil law.
Susan Frances Maria Williams, Baroness Williams of Trafford (née McElroy; born 16 May 1967).
Tariq Mahmood Ahmad, Baron Ahmad of Wimbledon (طارق محمود احمد; born 3 April 1968), is a British businessman and a Conservative life peer.
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).
The Stationery Office (TSO) is a British publishing company created in 1996 when the publishing arm of Her Majesty's Stationery Office was privatised.
Theodore Thomas More Agnew, Baron Agnew of Oulton DL (born 17 January 1961) is a Norfolk businessman, Conservative life peer and Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department for Education.
Timothy Wentworth Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley (22 November 1928 – 8 April 2008) was a United Kingdom politician and an Anglican clergyman.
Thomas Taylor, Baron Taylor of Blackburn, (10 June 192925 November 2016) was a Labour member of the House of Lords.
Anthony Neil Wedgwood Benn (3 April 1925 – 14 March 2014), originally known as Anthony Wedgwood Benn, but later as Tony Benn, was a British politician, writer, and diarist.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
Anthony Wayland Wright (born 11 March 1948) is a British Labour Party politician and author, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Cannock Chase from 1997 to 2010.
In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's nation or sovereign.
The Treaty of Union is the name usually now given to the agreement which led to the creation of the new state of Great Britain, stating that England (which already included Wales) and Scotland were to be "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain",: Both Acts of Union and the Treaty state in Article I: That the Two Kingdoms of Scotland and England, shall upon 1 May next ensuing the date hereof, and forever after, be United into One Kingdom by the Name of GREAT BRITAIN.
The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is a Eurosceptic and right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom.
UK Parliament Week is an annual series of events in the United Kingdom that aim to inspire interest in parliament, politics and democracy and encourage young people and the public to engage with the UK’s democratic system and institutions.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The 2005 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 5 May 2005 to elect 646 members to the House of Commons.
The December 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 3 to 19 December.
The January 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 15 January to 10 February 1910.
The United Kingdom parliamentary expenses scandal was a major political scandal that emerged in 2009, concerning expenses claims made by members of the United Kingdom Parliament over the previous years.
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.
Valerie Ann Amos, Baroness Amos (born 13 March 1954) is a British politician and diplomat who served as the eighth UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator.
A viscount (for male) or viscountess (for female) is a title used in certain European countries for a noble of varying status.
Viscount Stansgate, of Stansgate in the County of Essex, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
In parliamentary procedure, a voice vote (or viva voce, from the Latin, "live voice") is a voting method in deliberative assemblies (such as legislatures) in which a vote is taken on a topic or motion by responding orally.
The Wakeham Report, published in 2000, was the report of a Royal Commission headed by Lord Wakeham, concerning reform of the United Kingdom's House of Lords.
The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose.
The Welsh Church Act 1914 is an Act under which the Church of England was separated and disestablished in Wales and Monmouthshire, leading to the creation of the Church in Wales.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.
A white paper is an authoritative report or guide that informs readers concisely about a complex issue and presents the issuing body's philosophy on the matter.
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837.
The Woolsack is the seat of the Lord Speaker in the House of Lords, the Upper House of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Zahida Parveen Manzoor, Baroness Manzoor CBE (born 25 May 1958) is a British businessperson and Conservative member of the House of Lords, who was elevated to the House of Lords originally as a Liberal Democrat peer in 2013.
The 2009 cash for influence scandal (also cash for amendments or cash for laws) was a political scandal in the United Kingdom in 2009 concerning four Labour Party Life Peers offering to help make amendments to legislation for up to £120,000.
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