211 relations: Act of Security 1704, Act of Settlement 1701, Acts of Union 1707, Alan fitz Flaad, Alan fitz Walter, 2nd High Steward of Scotland, Alan Stewart of Dreghorn, Alexander Stewart (bishop of Moray), Alexander Stewart of Bonkyll, Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland, Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany, Alexander Stewart, Duke of Ross, Alexander Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, Ancient Diocese of Dol, Anglo-Normans, Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, Arthur Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, Aubigny-sur-Nère, Ayrshire, Barony and Castle of Corsehill, Battle of Bannockburn, Battle of Baugé, Bishops' Wars, Bourtreehill, Bretons, British Empire, British Isles, Catholic emancipation, Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, Charles Edward Stuart, Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth, Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland, Charles Gordon-Lennox, 11th Duke of Richmond, Charles I of England, Charles II of England, Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (1660–1661), Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (1677), Charles Stuart, Duke of Kendal, Clan Boyd, Clan Bruce, Clan Stewart, Clan Stewart of Appin, Clan Stuart of Bute, Clun, Coat of arms, Commonwealth of England, Concressault, Continental Europe, ..., Counts and dukes of Anjou, Covenanter, David I of Scotland, David II of Scotland, David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, David Stewart, Earl of Moray, David Stewart, Earl of Strathearn, Descendants of Charles II of England, Dol-de-Bretagne, Duchy of Brittany, Duke of Aubigny, Duke of Berwick, Duke of Buccleuch, Duke of Cleveland, Duke of Fitz-James, Duke of Gordon, Duke of Grafton, Duke of Lennox, Duke of Richmond, Duke of St Albans, Dundonald, South Ayrshire, Dynasty, Earl Castle Stewart, Earl of Angus, Earl of Arundel, Earl of Atholl, Earl of Buchan, Earl of Galloway, Earl of Lennox, Earl of Menteith, Earl of Moray, Earl of Traquair, Early modern period, Edgar, Duke of Cambridge, Elizabeth I of England, Empress Matilda, England in the High Middle Ages, Fitz, FitzAlan, Franz, Duke of Bavaria, George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, Glorious Revolution, Haughmond Abbey, Heir presumptive, Henrietta of England, Henry Benedict Stuart, Henry FitzJames, Henry FitzRoy, 12th Duke of Grafton, Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton, Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, Henry I of England, Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Henry VII of England, High Sheriff of Shropshire, High Steward of Scotland, House of Dunkeld, House of FitzJames, House of Hanover, House of Normandy, House of Orange-Nassau, House of Tudor, Interregnum (England), Jacobean era, Jacobite rising of 1745, Jacobite risings, Jacobitism, James "Beg" Stewart, James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, James Francis Edward Stuart, James I of Scotland, James II of England, James II of Scotland, James III of Scotland, James IV of Scotland, James Mor Stewart, James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland, James Stewart, Duke of Ross, James Stuart, Duke of Cambridge, James V of Scotland, James VI and I, James, Duke of Rothesay (born 1507), James, Duke of Rothesay (born 1540), John Barbour (poet), John Fitzalan, 3rd Lord of Oswestry, John FitzAlan, 6th Earl of Arundel, John Stewart of Bonkyll, John Stewart of Darnley, John Stewart, Duke of Albany, John Stewart, Earl of Buchan, John Stewart, Earl of Mar (d. 1479), John Stewart, Earl of Mar (d. 1503), Kingdom of England, Kingdom of France, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, Kingdom of Scotland, List of British monarchs, List of coats of arms of the House of Stuart, List of Scottish monarchs, Lord Blantyre, Malcolm IV of Scotland, Margaret Douglas, Margaret Tudor, Marjorie Bruce, Marquess of Bute, Mary II of England, Mary, Queen of Scots, Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, Middle Ages, Monmouth, Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany, Murray Beauclerk, 14th Duke of St Albans, Noble House, Norman conquest of England, Northern Renaissance, Oswestry, Paisley Abbey, Patronymic, Peerage, Personal union, Radicalism (historical), Renaissance, Renfrewshire, Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch, Robert Henryson, Robert II of Scotland, Robert III of Scotland, Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, Robert Stuart, Duke of Kintyre and Lorne, Robert the Bruce, Romanticism, Royal Mail, Royal Society, Scots language, Scottish people, Sele Priory, Shropshire, Simon, brother of Walter fitz Alan, Sporle Priory, Stephen, King of England, Steward (office), Stewart of Balquhidder, Stewart of Darnley, The Anarchy, The Daily Telegraph, Union of the Crowns, Walter Bailloch, Walter fitz Alan, Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland, Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland, Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Whigs (British political party), William Fitz Alan, 2nd Lord of Oswestry and Clun, William FitzAlan, 1st Lord of Oswestry and Clun, William FitzAlan, Lord of Oswestry, William III of England, William Shakespeare. 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The Act of Security 1704 (also referred to as the Act for the Security of the Kingdom) was a response by the Parliament of Scotland to the Parliament of England's Act of Settlement 1701.
The Act of Settlement is an Act of the Parliament of England that was passed in 1701 to settle the succession to the English and Irish crowns on Protestants only.
The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland.
Alan fitz Flaad (c. 1078 – after 1121) was a Breton knight, probably recruited as a mercenary by Henry I, son of William the Conqueror, in his conflicts with his brothers.
Alan fitz Walter (1140–1204) was hereditary High Steward of Scotland and a crusader.
Sir Alan Stewart of Dreghorn (died 19 July 1333) was a Scottish nobleman.
Alexander Stewart (1477 – 19 December 1537) was a Scottish prelate; also known as Alexander Stewart of Pitcairn.
Alexander Stewart of Bonkyll (c.1271 – 1319) was a Scottish nobleman.
Alexander Stewart (d. 1283), also known as Alexander of Dundonald, was 4th hereditary High Steward of Scotland from his father's death in 1246.
Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany (7 August 1485), was the second surviving son of King James II of Scotland and his wife, Mary of Gueldres.
Alexander Stewart, Duke of Ross (30 April 1514, Stirling Castle–18 December 1515, Stirling Castle) was the fourth and last son of King James IV of Scotland and his queen Margaret Tudor.
Alexander Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (16 October 1430 – 1430).
Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, Alasdair Mór mac an Rígh, and called the Wolf of Badenoch (1343 – 20 June 1405), was the third surviving son of King Robert II of Scotland and youngest by his first wife, Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan.
The Breton and French Catholic diocese of Dol existed from 848 to the French Revolution.
The Anglo-Normans were the medieval ruling class in England, composed mainly of a combination of ethnic Anglo-Saxons, Normans and French, following the Norman conquest.
Anne (6 February 1665 – 1 August 1714) was the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland between 8 March 1702 and 1 May 1707.
Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus (c. 148922 January 1557) was a Scottish nobleman active during the reigns of James V and Mary, Queen of Scots.
Arthur Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (20 October 1509 – 14 July 1510) was the second son of James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor, and had he outlived his father, he would have been King of Scotland.
Aubigny-sur-Nère is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.
Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir) is an historic county and registration county in south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde.
The old Barony and castle of Corsehill lay within the feudal Baillerie of Cunninghame, near Stewarton, now East Ayrshire, Scotland.
The Battle of Bannockburn (Blàr Allt nam Bànag or Blàr Allt a' Bhonnaich) 24 June 1314 was a significant Scottish victory in the First War of Scottish Independence, and a landmark in Scottish history.
The Battle of Baugé, fought between the English and a Franco-Scots army on 22 March 1421 at Baugé, France, east of Angers, was a major defeat for the English in the Hundred Years' War.
The Bishops' Wars (Bellum Episcopale) were conflicts, both political and military, which occurred in 1639 and 1640 centred on the nature of the governance of the Church of Scotland, and the rights and powers of the Crown.
Bourtreehill is a large housing estate built by the Irvine Development Corporation (IDC) in the late 1970s which forms part of the Irvine New Town in North Ayrshire, Scotland.
The Bretons (Bretoned) are a Celtic ethnic group located in the region of Brittany in France.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.
Catholic emancipation or Catholic relief was a process in the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th century that involved reducing and removing many of the restrictions on Roman Catholics introduced by the Act of Uniformity, the Test Acts and the penal laws.
Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, KG (8 May 1670 – 10 May 1726) was an illegitimate son of King Charles II of England by his mistress Nell Gwynne.
Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Sylvester Severino Maria Stuart (31 December 1720 – 31 January 1788) was the elder son of James Francis Edward Stuart, grandson of James II and VII and after 1766 the Stuart claimant to the throne of Great Britain.
Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth (1657 – 17 October 1680) was the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England, by Catherine Pegge.
Charles Palmer, later Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland, 1st Duke of Southampton, KG, Chief Butler of England (18 June 1662 – 9 September 1730), styled Baron Limerick before 1670 and Earl of Southampton between 1670 and 1675, was the eldest son of Barbara Villiers, later 1st Duchess of Cleveland, and one of the illegitimate sons of King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Charles Gordon-Lennox, 11th Duke of Richmond, 11th Duke of Lennox, 11th Duke of Aubigny, 6th Duke of Gordon DL (born 8 January 1955) is a British aristocrat and owner of Goodwood Estate in West Sussex.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lennox, 1st Duke of Aubigny (29 July 1672 – 27 May 1723) was an English nobleman and politician.
Charles Stuart (22 October 16605 May 1661) was the first of four sons and eight children born from the marriage between the Duke of York (later James II of England & VII of Scotland) and his first wife, Anne Hyde.
Charles Stuart (7 November 167712 December 1677) was the first of two sons and third of seven children born from the marriage between James, Duke of York (later James II of England & VII of Scotland) and Mary of Modena.
Charles Stuart, Duke of Kendal (4 July 1666 – 22 May 1667) was the third son of James, Duke of York (later James II of England) and his first wife Anne Hyde.
Clan Boyd is a Scottish clan and is recognized as such by the Lord Lyon King of Arms.
Clan Bruce (Brùs) is a Scottish clan from Kincardine in Scotland.
Clan Stewart (Gaelic: Stiùbhart) is a Highland Scottish clan.
Clan Stewart of Appin is the West Highland branch of the Clan Stewart and have been a distinct clan since their establishment in the 15th century.
Clan Stuart of Bute is a Highland Scottish clan and is a branch of the larger Clan Stewart.
Clun (italic) is a small town in south Shropshire, England, and the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.
The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.
Concressault is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.
Continental or mainland Europe is the continuous continent of Europe excluding its surrounding islands.
The Count of Anjou was the ruler of the county of Anjou, first granted by Charles the Bald in the 9th century to Robert the Strong.
The Covenanters were a Scottish Presbyterian movement that played an important part in the history of Scotland, and to a lesser extent that of England and Ireland, during the 17th century.
David I or Dauíd mac Maíl Choluim (Modern: Daibhidh I mac Chaluim; – 24 May 1153) was a 12th-century ruler who was Prince of the Cumbrians from 1113 to 1124 and later King of the Scots from 1124 to 1153.
David II (Medieval Gaelic: Daibhidh a Briuis, Modern Gaelic: Dàibhidh Bruis; Norman French: Dauid de Brus, Early Scots: Dauid Brus; 5 March 132422 February 1371) was King of Scots for over 41 years, from 1329 until his death in 1371.
David Stewart (24 October 1378 – 26 March 1402) was prince and heir to the throne of Scotland from 1390 and the first Duke of Rothesay from 1398.
David Stewart, Earl of Moray (c. 1455 - before 18 July 1457) was a son of King James II of Scotland.
David Stewart (1357 – c. 1386), Prince of Scotland, was a 14th-century Scottish magnate.
The descendants of Charles II of England, Stuart monarch of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland and claimant to the Kingdom of France, are numerous; lines from his many illegitimate children exist to this day.
Dol-de-Bretagne (Gallo: Dóu), cited in most historical records under its Breton name of Dol, is a commune in the Ille-et-Vilaine département in Brittany in northwestern France.
The Duchy of Brittany (Breton: Dugelezh Breizh, French: Duché de Bretagne) was a medieval feudal state that existed between approximately 939 and 1547.
Duke of Aubigny was a title in the Peerage of France, held by Scottish noblemen.
Duke of Berwick is a title that was created in the Peerage of England on 19 March 1687 for James FitzJames, the illegitimate son of King James II and Arabella Churchill.
The title Duke of Buccleuch, formerly also spelt Duke of Buccleugh, is a title created twice in the Peerage of Scotland.
Duke of Cleveland is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Duke of Fitz-James (French: duc de Fitz-James) was a title of nobility in the peerage of France.
The title Duke of Gordon has been created once in the Peerage of Scotland and again in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Duke of Grafton is a title in the Peerage of England.
The title Duke of Lennox has been created several times in the Peerage of Scotland, for Clan Stewart of Darnley.
Duke of Richmond is a title in the Peerage of England that has been created four times in British history.
Duke of St Albans is a title in the Peerage of England.
Dundonald (Gaelic: Dùn Dhòmhnaill) is a village in South Ayrshire, Scotland.
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family,Oxford English Dictionary, "dynasty, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897.
Earl Castle Stewart, in the County Tyrone, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland.
The Mormaer or Earl of Angus was the ruler of the medieval Scottish province of Angus.
Earl of Arundel is the oldest extant earldom and the oldest extant peerage in the Peerage of England.
The Mormaer or Earl of Atholl was the title of the holder of a medieval comital lordship straddling the highland province of Atholl (Ath Fodhla), now in northern Perthshire.
The Mormaer or Earl of Buchan was originally the provincial ruler of the medieval province of Buchan.
Earl of Galloway is a title in the Peerage of Scotland.
The Earl or Mormaer of Lennox was the ruler of the district of the Lennox in western Scotland.
The Mormaer or Earl of Menteith was the ruler of the province of Menteith in the Middle Ages.
The title Earl of Moray ("Murray") has been created several times in the Peerage of Scotland.
Earl of Traquair (pronounced "Tra-quare") was a title in the Peerage of Scotland.
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
Edgar Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (14 September 1667 – 8 June 1671) was the fourth son of James, Duke of York (later James II of England) and his first wife Anne Hyde.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Empress Matilda (c. 7 February 110210 September 1167), also known as the Empress Maude, was the claimant to the English throne during the civil war known as the Anarchy.
England in the High Middle Ages includes the history of England between the Norman Conquest in 1066 and the death of King John, considered by some to be the last of the Angevin kings of England, in 1216.
Fitz (pronounced "fits") is a prefix in patronymic surnames of Norman origin, that is to say originating in the 11th century.
FitzAlan is an English surname ultimately of Norman origin.
Franz, Duke of Bavaria (German: Franz Bonaventura Adalbert Maria Herzog von Bayern; born 14 July 1933) is head of the House of Wittelsbach, the former ruling family of the Kingdom of Bavaria.
Lieutenant-General George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, KG, PC (28 December 1665 – 28 June 1716) was the third and youngest illegitimate son of King Charles II of England; his mother was Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine (also known as Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland).
George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, KG (6 December 1608 – 3 January 1670) was an English soldier and politician, and a key figure in the Restoration of the monarchy to King Charles II in 1660.
The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III, Prince of Orange, who was James's nephew and son-in-law.
Haughmond Abbey is a ruined, medieval, Augustinian monastery a few miles from Shrewsbury, England.
An heir presumptive or heiress presumptive is the person entitled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honour, but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an heir apparent, male or female, or of a new heir presumptive with a better claim to the position in question.
Henrietta of England (16 June 1644 O.S. (26 June 1644 N.S.) – 30 June 1670) was the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France.
Henry Benedict Thomas Edward Maria Clement Francis Xavier Stuart, Cardinal Duke of York (6 March 1725 – 13 July 1807) was a Roman Catholic Cardinal, as well as the fourth and final Jacobite heir to claim the thrones of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland publicly.
Henry FitzJames (6 August 1673 – 16 December 1702), titular 1st Duke of Albemarle in the Jacobite peerage, was the illegitimate son of King James II of England and VII of Scotland by Arabella Churchill, sister of the first Duke of Marlborough.
Henry Oliver Charles FitzRoy, 12th Duke of Grafton (born 6 April 1978), known as Harry Grafton, is an English peer and music promoter.
Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (28 September 16639 October 1690) was the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England.
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (19 February 1594 – 6 November 1612) was the elder son of James VI and I, King of England and Scotland, and his wife, Anne of Denmark.
Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death.
Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester (8 July 1640 – 13 September 1660) was the youngest son of Charles I and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France, the third son to survive to adulthood (his eldest brother, Charles, Duke of Cornwall and of Rothesay, was born and died the same day).
Henry Stuart (or Stewart), Duke of Albany (7 December 1545 – 10 February 1567), styled as Lord Darnley until 1565, was king consort of Scotland from 1565 until his murder at Kirk o' Field in 1567.
Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death on 21 April 1509.
This is a list of Sheriffs and High Sheriffs of Shropshire The Sheriff is the oldest secular office under the Crown.
The title of High Steward or Great Steward whose descendants became the House of Steward/Stuart.
The House of Dunkeld, in Scottish Gaelic Dùn Chailleann (meaning Fort of the Caledonii or of the Caledonians), is a historiographical and genealogical construct to illustrate the clear succession of Scottish kings from 1034 to 1040 and from 1058 to 1290.
The House of FitzJames (or the House of FitzJames-Stuart) is a noble house of Scottish origin founded by James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick.
The House of Hanover (or the Hanoverians; Haus Hannover) is a German royal dynasty that ruled the Electorate and then the Kingdom of Hanover, and also provided monarchs of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1800 and ruled the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from its creation in 1801 until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.
The House of Normandy is the usual designation for the family that were the Counts of Rouen, Dukes of Normandy and Kings of England which immediately followed the Norman conquest of England and lasted until the House of Plantagenet came to power in 1154.
The House of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau), a branch of the European House of Nassau, has played a central role in the politics and government of the Netherlands and Europe especially since William the Silent organized the Dutch revolt against Spanish rule, which after the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) led to an independent Dutch state.
The House of Tudor was an English royal house of Welsh origin, descended in the male line from the Tudors of Penmynydd.
The Interregnum was the period between the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649 and the arrival of his son Charles II in London on 29 May 1660 which marked the start of the Restoration.
The Jacobean era refers to the period in English and Scottish history that coincides with the reign of James VI of Scotland (1567–1625), who also inherited the crown of England in 1603 as James I. The Jacobean era succeeds the Elizabethan era and precedes the Caroline era, and is often used for the distinctive styles of Jacobean architecture, visual arts, decorative arts, and literature which characterized that period.
The Jacobite rising of 1745 or 'The '45' (Bliadhna Theàrlaich, "The Year of Charles") is the name commonly used for the attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for the House of Stuart.
The Jacobite risings, also known as the Jacobite rebellions or the War of the British Succession, were a series of uprisings, rebellions, and wars in Great Britain and Ireland occurring between 1688 and 1746.
Jacobitism (Seumasachas, Seacaibíteachas, Séamusachas) was a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and Ireland (as James VII in Scotland) and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland.
James "Beag" Stewart (c1424-1470) of Baldorran was the seventh illegitimate son of James Mor Stewart (known as "James the Fat"), who fled into exile in Ireland when his father Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany was executed for treason by James I of Scotland in 1425.
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, 1st Duke of Fitz-James, 1st Duke of Liria and Jérica (21 August 1670 – 12 June 1734) was an Anglo-French military leader, illegitimate son of King James II of England by Arabella Churchill, sister of the 1st Duke of Marlborough.
James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales (10 June 1688 – 1 January 1766), nicknamed the Old Pretender, was the son of King James II and VII of England, Scotland and Ireland, and his second wife, Mary of Modena.
James I (late July 139421 February 1437), the youngest of three sons, was born in Dunfermline Abbey to King Robert III and his wife Annabella Drummond.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
James II (16 October 1430 – 3 August 1460), who reigned as King of Scots from 1437 on, was the son of King James I and Joan Beaufort.
James III (10 July 1451/May 1452 – 11 June 1488) was King of Scots from 1460 to 1488.
James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was the King of Scotland from 11 June 1488 to his death.
James Mor Stewart, called James the Fat, (Seamas Mór) (c. 1400–1429 or 1449) was the youngest son of Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany and Isabella of Lennox.
James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, 1st Duke of Buccleuch, KG, PC (9 April 1649 – 15 July 1685) was an English nobleman.
James Stewart (died 16 July 1309) was the 5th hereditary High Steward of Scotland and a Guardian of Scotland during the First Interregnum.
James Stewart, Duke of Ross (March 1476 – January 1504) was the second son of King James III of Scotland and Margaret of Denmark.
James Stuart, Duke of Cambridge KG (12 July 1663 – 20 June 1667) was the second son of the Duke of York (later James II of England) and his first wife, Anne Hyde.
James V (10 April 1512 – 14 December 1542) was King of Scotland from 9 September 1513 until his death, which followed the Scottish defeat at the Battle of Solway Moss.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (21 February 1507 – 27 February 1508) was a short-lived heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Scotland.
James Stewart, Duke of Rothesay (22 May 1540 – 21 April 1541) was a short-lived heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Scotland.
John Barbour (c.1320 – 13 March 1395) was a Scottish poet and the first major named literary figure to write in Scots.
John FitzAlan, 3rd Lord of Clun and Oswestry (1200–1240) in the Welsh Marches in the county of Shropshire.
John FitzAlan (1223–1267), Lord of Oswestry and Clun, and de jure matris Earl of Arundel, was a Breton-English nobleman and Marcher Lord with lands in the Welsh Marches.
Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll (died 22 July 1298) was a son of Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland.
Sir John Stewart of Darnley, 1st Lord of Concressault and 1st Lord of Aubigny, Count of Évreux (1380 – 1429) was a Scottish nobleman and prominent soldier during the Hundred Years War.
John Stewart, Duke of Albany (1481 or 14842 July 1536 in Mirfleur, France) was Regent of the Kingdom of Scotland, Duke of Albany in peerage of Scotland and Count of Auvergne and Lauraguais in France.
John Stewart, Earl of Buchan (c. 1381 – 17 August 1424) was a Scottish nobleman and soldier who fought alongside Scotland's French allies during the Hundred Years War.
John Stewart, Earl of Mar and Garioch (c. 1456–c. 1479) was the youngest surviving son of James II of Scotland and Mary of Guelders.
John Stewart, Earl of Mar (December 1479 – 11 March 1503) was the youngest son of James III of Scotland and Margaret of Denmark.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King or Queen of England and later the King or Queen of Great Britain that existed in Ireland from 1542 until 1800.
The Kingdom of Scotland (Rìoghachd na h-Alba; Kinrick o Scotland) was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843.
There have been 12 monarchs of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom (see Monarchy of the United Kingdom) since the merger of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland on 1 May 1707.
The House of Stuart is a noble family of Scottish origin that eventually became monarchs of Scotland, England, Ireland, and Great Britain.
The monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland.
Lord Blantyre was a title in the Peerage of Scotland.
Malcolm IV (Mediaeval Gaelic: Máel Coluim mac Eanric; Modern Gaelic: Maol Chaluim mac Eanraig), nicknamed Virgo, "the Maiden" (between 23 April and 24 May 11419 December 1165), King of Scots, was the eldest son of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumbria (died 1152) and Ada de Warenne.
Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (8 October 1515 – 7 March 1578), was the daughter of the Scottish queen dowager Margaret Tudor and her second husband Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus.
Margaret Tudor (28 November 1489 – 18 October 1541) was Queen of Scots from 1503 until 1513 by marriage to James IV of Scotland and then, after her husband died fighting the English, she became regent for their son James V of Scotland from 1513 until 1515.
Marjorie Bruce or Marjorie de Brus (probably 1296–1316) was the eldest daughter of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots by his first wife, Isabella of Mar.
Marquess of the County of Bute, shortened in general usage to Marquess of Bute, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Mary II (30 April 1662 – 28 December 1694) was Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, co-reigning with her husband and first cousin, King William III and II, from 1689 until her death; popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of William and Mary.
Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.
Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox (21 September 1516 – 4 September 1571), was the fourth Earl of Lennox, and a leader of the Catholic nobility in Scotland.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Monmouth (Trefynwy meaning "town on the Monnow") is the historic county town of Monmouthshire, Wales.
Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany (Muireadhach Stiubhart) (1362 – 24 May 1425) was a leading Scottish nobleman, the son of Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany and the grandson of King Robert II of Scotland, who founded the Stewart dynasty.
Murray de Vere Beauclerk, 14th Duke of St Albans, (born 19 January 1939), styled Earl of Burford from 1964 until 1988, is a British peer of the Realm.
A Noble House is an aristocratic family or kinship group, usually British or European, either currently or historically of national or international significance, and usually associated with one or more hereditary titles, the most senior of which will be held by the "Head of the House" or patriarch.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
The Northern Renaissance was the Renaissance that occurred in Europe north of the Alps.
Oswestry (Croesoswallt) is a large market town and civil parish in Shropshire, England, close to the Welsh border.
Paisley Abbey is a former Cluniac monastery, and current Church of Scotland Protestant parish kirk, located on the east bank of the White Cart Water in the centre of the town of Paisley, Renfrewshire, about west of Glasgow, in Scotland.
A patronymic, or patronym, is a component of a personal name based on the given name of one's father, grandfather (i.e., an avonymic), or an even earlier male ancestor.
A peerage is a legal system historically comprising hereditary titles in various countries, comprising various noble ranks.
A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct.
The term "Radical" (from the Latin radix meaning root) during the late 18th-century and early 19th-century identified proponents of democratic reform, in what subsequently became the parliamentary Radical Movement.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Renfrewshire (Siorrachd Rinn Friù, Renfrewshire) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland.
Richard Walter John Montagu Douglas Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch and 12th Duke of Queensberry, (born 14 February 1954), styled as Lord Eskdaill until 1973 and as Earl of Dalkeith from 1973 until 2007, is a Scottish landholder and peer.
Robert Henryson (Middle Scots: Robert Henrysoun) was a poet who flourished in Scotland in the period c. 1460–1500.
Robert II (2 March 1316 – 19 April 1390) reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart.
Robert III (c.1337/40 – 4 April 1406), born John Stewart, was King of Scots from 1390 to his death.
Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (c. 1340 – 3 September 1420), a member of the Scottish royal house, served as regent (at least partially) to three different Scottish monarchs (Robert II, Robert III, and James I).
Robert Bruce Stuart, Duke of Kintyre and Lorne (18 January 1602 – 27 May 1602) was the fifth child of James VI of Scots and Anne of Denmark.
Robert I (11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329), popularly known as Robert the Bruce (Medieval Gaelic: Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys; Early Scots: Robert Brus; Robertus Brussius), was King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Royal Mail plc (Post Brenhinol; a' Phuist Rìoghail) is a postal service and courier company in the United Kingdom, originally established in 1516.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society.
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
Sele Priory was a medieval monastic house in West Sussex, England.
Shropshire (alternatively Salop; abbreviated, in print only, Shrops; demonym Salopian) is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Wales to the west, Cheshire to the north, Staffordshire to the east, and Worcestershire and Herefordshire to the south.
Simon (fl. 1162×1163) was a twelfth-century Anglo-Norman.
Sporle Priory was a priory in Norfolk, England.
Stephen (Étienne; – 25 October 1154), often referred to as Stephen of Blois, was King of England from 1135 to his death, as well as Count of Boulogne from 1125 until 1147 and Duke of Normandy from 1135 until 1144.
A steward is an official who is appointed by the legal ruling monarch to represent them in a country, and may have a mandate to govern it in their name; in the latter case, synonymous with the position of regent, vicegerent, viceroy (for Romance languages), governor, or deputy (the Roman rector, praefectus or vicarius).
Stewart of Balquhidder is a Perthshire branch of the Stewart clan.
Stewart of Darnley was a notable Scots family, a branch of the Clan Stewart, who provided the English Stuart monarchs with their male-line Stuart descent, after the reunion of their branch with the royal Scottish branch, which led to the ultimate union of the two main kingdoms of Great Britain: England and Scotland.
The Anarchy was a civil war in England and Normandy between 1135 and 1153, which resulted in a widespread breakdown in law and order.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Union of the Crowns (Aonadh nan Crùintean; Union o the Crouns) was the accession of James VI of Scotland to the thrones of England and Ireland, and the consequential unification for some purposes (such as overseas diplomacy) of the three realms under a single monarch on 24 March 1603.
Walter Bailloch, also known as Walter Bailloch Stewart (1225/1230 – 1293/1294), was distinguished by the sobriquet Bailloch or Balloch, a Gaelic nickname roughly translated as "the freckled".
Walter fitz Alan (born c.1110; died 1177) was a twelfth-century Scottish magnate and Steward of Scotland.
Walter Steward of Dundonald (died 1246) was 3rd hereditary High Steward of Scotland and Justiciar of Scotia.
Walter Stewart (c. 1296G. W. S. Barrow, ‘Stewart family (per. c.1110–c.1350)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.Anderson, William, The Scottish Nation, Edinburgh, 1867, vol.ix, p.513, states he was 21 years of age at Bannockburn. – 9 April 1327 at Bathgate Castle) was the 6th hereditary High Steward of Scotland.
Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, Strathearn and Caithness (c. 1360 – 26 March 1437) was a Scottish nobleman, the son of Robert II of Scotland.
The Wars of the Three Kingdoms, sometimes known as the British Civil Wars, formed an intertwined series of conflicts that took place in the kingdoms of England, Ireland and Scotland between 1639 and 1651.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
William Fitz Alan was a Norman nobleman who lived in Oswestry and Clun near Shrewsbury, along the medieval Welsh Marches.
William FitzAlan (died 1210) was a Norman nobleman who lived in Oswestry and Clun, near Shrewsbury, along the medieval Welsh Marches.
William FitzAlan (1105–1160) was a nobleman of Breton ancestry.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
House Of Stuart, House of Stewart, House of stuart, Royal House of Stewart, Royal Stuarts, Stewart Dynasty, Stewart Kings, Stewart dynasty, Stewart/Stuart dynasty, Stuart (royal family), Stuart Dynasty, Stuart Kings, Stuart Monarchs, Stuart Monarchy, Stuart clan, Stuart dynasty, Stuart family, Stuart regime, Stuarts, Stuwart, Stuwarts.