137 relations: Air chief marshal, Air commodore, Air Defence of Great Britain, Air marshal, Air Member for Materiel, Air Ministry, Air officer commanding, Air vice-marshal, Aircrew brevet, Airworthiness certificate, Baron Dowding, Battle of Britain, Battle of Britain (film), Battle of France, Battle of the Somme, Big Wing, Brigadier general, British Army, British Expeditionary Force (World War II), British Purchasing Commission, Brooklands, Captain (British Army and Royal Marines), Central Flying School, Charles Carson (actor), Chief of the Air Staff (United Kingdom), Christianity, Colonel, Cremation, Cyril Newall, 1st Baron Newall, Douglas Bader, Dowding system, Duncan Grinnell-Milne, Dunkirk, Dunkirk evacuation, Edward George Bowen, Eugene Gerrard, Fabian strategy, Fairy Investigation Society, Farnborough, Hampshire, Felton Holt, Fettes College, Fienvillers, Fleet Air Arm, Gibraltar, Ground-controlled interception, Group captain, Hawker Hurricane, Hendon, Hong Kong, Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, ..., Humour, Isle of Wight, Jack Higgins (RAF officer), John Salmond, Keith Park, Laurence Olivier, Lieutenant (British Army and Royal Marines), Lieutenant colonel, List of pilots awarded an Aviator's Certificate by the Royal Aero Club in 1913, London Biggin Hill Airport, Luftwaffe, Major, Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Mentioned in dispatches, Moffat, Muriel Dowding, Baroness Dowding, National Anti-Vivisection Society, No. 1 Group RAF, No. 11 Group RAF, No. 16 Group RAF, No. 16 Squadron RAF, No. 6 Squadron RAF, No. 7 Squadron RAF, No. 9 Squadron RAF, Operation Sea Lion, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the Bath, Patrick Playfair, Peerage, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, R101, Radar, RAF Benevolent Fund, RAF Bentley Priory, RAF Boulmer, RAF Chapel, RAF Fighter Command, RAF Iraq Command, Reach for the Sky, Reincarnation, Robert Wright (historian), Royal Air Force, Royal Air Forces Association, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Garrison Artillery, Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, Royal Navy, Royal Observer Corps, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Royal Victorian Order, Second lieutenant, Sholto Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas of Kirtleside, Ski Club of Great Britain, Skiing, Slalom skiing, Southern Railway (UK), Spiritualism, Sri Lanka, St Clement Danes, St Ninian's School, Moffat, Staff College, Camberley, Stanley Baldwin, Strand, London, Supermarine Spitfire, The Blitz, The bomber will always get through, The Spectator, Theosophical Society, Theosophy (Blavatskian), Thomas Higgins (RAF officer), Trafford Leigh-Mallory, Uxbridge, Vickers, Vivisection, Vyell Vyvyan, Western Front (World War I), Westminster Abbey, Wheelchair, Wilfrid Freeman, William Mitchell (RAF officer), Winchester College, Winston Churchill, World War I, World War II, York. Expand index (87 more) » « Shrink index
Air chief marshal (Air Chf Mshl or ACM) is a four-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force, where it is the most senior peacetime air force rank.
Air commodore (abbreviated as Air Cdre in the RAF, IAF and PAF; AIRCDRE in the RNZAF and RAAF) is a one-star rank and the most junior general rank of the air-officer which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
The Air Defence of Great Britain (ADGB) was a RAF command comprising substantial army and RAF elements responsible for the air defence of the British Isles.
Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a three-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
The Air Member for Materiel is the senior Royal Air Force officer responsible for procurement matters: he is a member of the Air Force Board.
The Air Ministry was a department of the Government of the United Kingdom with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Royal Air Force, that existed from 1918 to 1964.
Air officer commanding (AOC) is a title given in the air forces of Commonwealth (and some other) nations to an air officer who holds a command appointment which typically comprises a large, organized collection of air force assets.
Air vice-marshal (AVM) is a two-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
An aircrew brevet (officially known as an aircrew badge) is the badge worn on the left breast, above any medal ribbons, by qualified aircrew in the Royal Air Force, British Army, Indian Air Force, Pakistan Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Australian Army, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force, South African Air Force and Sri Lanka Air Force.
A Certificate of Airworthiness is a permit for operation, issued for an aircraft by the national aviation authority in the state/nation in which the aircraft is registered.
Baron Dowding, of Bentley Priory in the County of Middlesex, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
Battle of Britain is a 1969 British Second World War film directed by Guy Hamilton, and produced by Harry Saltzman and S. Benjamin Fisz.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Big Wing, also known as a Balbo, was an air fighting tactic proposed during the Battle of Britain by 12 Group commander Air Vice-Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory and Acting Squadron Leader Douglas Bader.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.
The British Purchasing Commission was a United Kingdom organisation of the Second World War.
Brooklands was a motor racing circuit and aerodrome built near Weybridge in Surrey, England, United Kingdom.
Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2.
The Central Flying School (CFS) is the Royal Air Force's primary institution for the training of military flying instructors.
Charles Carson (16 August 1885 – 5 August 1977) was a British actor.
The Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) is the professional head of the Royal Air Force and a member of both the Chiefs of Staff Committee and the Air Force Board.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.
Cremation is the combustion, vaporization, and oxidation of cadavers to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Cyril Louis Norton Newall, 1st Baron Newall, (15 February 1886 – 30 November 1963) was a senior officer of the British Army and Royal Air Force.
Group Captain Sir Douglas Robert Steuart Bader, (21 February 1910 – 5 September 1982) was a Royal Air Force flying ace during the Second World War.
The Dowding system was the world's first wide-area ground-controlled interception network, controlling the airspace across the United Kingdom from northern Scotland to the southern coast of England.
Captain Duncan William Grinnell-Milne (1896–1973) was an English First World War pilot credited with six confirmed aerial victories, a prisoner of war who escaped from German captivity, a flying ace, and an author.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
Edward George 'Taffy' Bowen, CBE, FRS (14 January 1911 – 12 August 1991) was a Welsh physicist who made a major contribution to the development of radar, and so helped win both the Battle of Britain and the Battle of the Atlantic.
Air Commodore Eugene Louis Gerrard, (14 July 1881 – 7 February 1963) was an officer in the Royal Marines and Royal Air Force.
The Fabian strategy is a military strategy where pitched battles and frontal assaults are avoided in favor of wearing down an opponent through a war of attrition and indirection.
The Fairy Investigation Society was founded in Britain in 1927 by Capt.
Farnborough is a town in north east Hampshire, England, part of the borough of Rushmoor and the Farnborough/Aldershot Built-up Area.
Air Vice Marshal Felton Vesey Holt, (23 February 1886 – 23 April 1931) was a squadron and wing commander in the Royal Flying Corps who became a brigadier general in the newly established Royal Air Force (RAF) just before the end of the First World War.
Fettes College is a private coeducational independent boarding and day school in Edinburgh, Scotland, with over two-thirds of its pupils in residence on campus.
Fienvillers is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
Ground-controlled interception (GCI) is an air defence tactic whereby one or more radar stations or other observational stations are linked to a command communications centre which guides interceptor aircraft to an airborne target.
Group captain is a senior commissioned rank in many air forces.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.
Hendon is a London suburb in the Borough of Barnet, northwest of Charing Cross.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, (3 February 1873 – 10 February 1956) was a British officer who was instrumental in establishing the Royal Air Force.
Humour (British English) or humor (American English; see spelling differences) is the tendency of experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement.
The Isle of Wight (also referred to informally as The Island or abbreviated to IOW) is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England.
Air Marshal Sir John Frederick Andrews Higgins, (1 September 1875 – 1 June 1948), known as Jack Higgins, was a senior officer in the Royal Flying Corps, serving as a brigade commander from 1915 to 1918.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir John Maitland Salmond, (17 July 1881 – 16 April 1968) was a British military officer who rose to high rank in the Royal Flying Corps and then the Royal Air Force.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Rodney Park, (15 June 1892 – 6 February 1975) was a New Zealand soldier, First World War flying ace and Second World War Royal Air Force commander.
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, (22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989) was an English actor and director who, along with his contemporaries Ralph Richardson and John Gielgud, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.
Lieutenant (Lt) is a junior officer rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
The Royal Aero Club issued Aviators Certificates from 1910.
London Biggin Hill Airport is an operational general aviation airport at Biggin Hill in the London Borough of Bromley, located south-southeast of Central London.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force (MRAF) is the highest rank in the British Royal Air Force (RAF).
William Maxwell Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, PC, ONB (25 May 1879 – 9 June 1964) was a Canadian-British newspaper publisher and backstage politician who was an influential figure in British media and politics of the first half of the 20th century.
A member of the armed forces mentioned in dispatches (or despatches, MiD) is one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which his or her gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy is described.
Moffat (Scottish Gaelic: Am Magh Fada, "The Long Plain") is a former burgh in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, lying on the River Annan, with a population of around 2,500.
Muriel Dowding, Baroness Dowding (22 March 1908 – 20 November 1993) was an English animal rights activist.
The National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS) is a national, not-for-profit animal welfare organisation based in London that actively campaigns against animal testing for commercial, educational or scientific research purposes.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.
The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
Air Marshal Sir Patrick Henry Lyon Playfair, (22 November 1889 – 23 November 1974) was a commander in the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War and a senior commander in the Royal Air Force until his retirement during the Second World War.
A peerage is a legal system historically comprising hereditary titles in various countries, comprising various noble ranks.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
R101 was one of a pair of British rigid airships completed in 1929 as part of a British government programme to develop civil airships capable of service on long-distance routes within the British Empire.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
The Royal Air Force Benevolent Fund (RAF Benevolent Fund or RAFBF) is the Royal Air Force's leading welfare charity, providing financial, practical and emotional support to serving and former members of the RAF – regardless of rank – as well as their partners and dependents.
RAF Bentley Priory was a non-flying Royal Air Force station near Stanmore in the London Borough of Harrow.
Royal Air Force Boulmer or RAF Boulmer is a Royal Air Force station near Alnwick in Northumberland, England, and is home to Aerospace Surveillance and Control System (ASACS) Force Command, Control and Reporting Centre Boulmer, the School of Aerospace Battle Management and support staff.
At the eastern end of Westminster Abbey in the magnificent Lady Chapel built by King Henry VII is the RAF Chapel dedicated to the men of the Royal Air Force who died in the Battle of Britain between July and October 1940.
RAF Fighter Command was one of the commands of the Royal Air Force.
Iraq Command was the Royal Air Force (RAF) commanded inter-service command in charge of British forces in Iraq in the 1920s and early 1930s, during the period of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia.
Reach for the Sky is a 1956 British biographical film about aviator Douglas Bader, based on the 1954 biography of the same name by Paul Brickhill.
Reincarnation is the philosophical or religious concept that an aspect of a living being starts a new life in a different physical body or form after each biological death.
Robert Wright (1906 – 1992) was a historian and biographer of Hugh Dowding, the RAF's commanding officer in the Battle of Britain.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Air Forces Association (also called RAF Association or RAFA) is the largest single Service membership organisation and the longest standing registered service charity that provides welfare support to the RAF Family - providing friendship, help and support to current and former members of the Royal Air Force and their dependants.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Garrison Artillery (RGA) was formed in 1899 as a distinct arm of the British Army's Royal Regiment of Artillery serving alongside the other two arms of the Regiment, the Royal Field Artillery (RFA) and the Royal Horse Artillery (RHA).
The Royal Military Academy (RMA) at Woolwich, in south-east London, was a British Army military academy for the training of commissioned officers of the Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Observer Corps (ROC) was a civil defence organisation intended for the visual detection, identification, tracking and reporting of aircraft over Great Britain.
Royal Tunbridge Wells is a large affluent town in western Kent, England, around south-east of central London by road and by rail.
The Royal Victorian Order (Ordre royal de Victoria) is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria.
Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force William Sholto Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas of Kirtleside, (23 December 1893 – 29 October 1969) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force.
The Ski Club of Great Britain is a recreational snow sports club, which operates on a not-for-profit basis.
Skiing can be a means of transport, a recreational activity or a competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
Slalom is an alpine skiing and alpine snowboarding discipline, involving skiing between poles or gates.
The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping.
Spiritualism is a new religious movement based on the belief that the spirits of the dead exist and have both the ability and the inclination to communicate with the living.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
St Clement Danes is an Anglican church in the City of Westminster, London.
St Ninian's Preparatory School was an independent preparatory school for boys in Moffat, Scotland.
Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, was a staff college for the British Army and the presidency armies of British India (later merged to form the Indian Army).
Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, (3 August 186714 December 1947) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who dominated the government in his country between the world wars.
Strand (or the Strand) is a major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster, Central London.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft used by the Royal Air Force and other Allied countries before, during and after World War II.
The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.
The bomber will always get through was a phrase used by Stanley Baldwin in 1932 (although the theory was originally developed by Italian General Giulio Douhet), in the speech "A Fear for the Future" to the British Parliament.
The Spectator is a weekly British magazine on politics, culture, and current affairs.
The Theosophical Society was an organization formed in 1875 by Helena Blavatsky to advance Theosophy.
Theosophy is an esoteric religious movement established in the United States during the late nineteenth century.
Air Commodore Thomas Charles Reginald Higgins, (21 July 1880 – 22 September 1953) was an early British aviator and senior Royal Flying Corps commander during the First World War.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory, (11 July 1892 – 14 November 1944) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force.
Uxbridge is a town in west London, England, and the administrative headquarters of the London Borough of Hillingdon.
Vickers was a famous name in British engineering that existed through many companies from 1828 until 1999.
Vivisection is surgery conducted for experimental purposes on a living organism, typically animals with a central nervous system, to view living internal structure.
Air vice-marshal Sir Arthur Vyell Vyvyan KCB DSO (12 March 1875 – 30 September 1935), usually given as Sir Vyell Vyvyan, was an officer in the Royal Navy in the early 20th century, and later a senior officer in the newly created Royal Air Force.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
A wheelchair, often abbreviated to just "chair", is a chair with wheels, used when walking is difficult or impossible due to illness, injury, or disability.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfrid Rhodes Freeman, 1st Baronet, (18 July 1888 – 15 May 1953) was one of the most important influences on the rearmament of the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the years up to and including the Second World War.
Air Chief Marshal Sir William Gore Sutherland Mitchell, (8 March 1888 – 15 August 1944) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the first RAF officer to hold the post of Black Rod.
Winchester College is an independent boarding school for boys in the British public school tradition, situated in Winchester, Hampshire.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding, Dowding, H C T Dowding, H Dowding, Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding, Hugh Caswell Tremenheere Dowding, Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding, Lord Dowding, Sir Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, 1st Baron, Sir Hugh Dowding.