133 relations: Air chief marshal, Air commodore, Air Defence of Great Britain, Air marshal, Air Member for Supply and Organisation, Air Ministry, Air officer commanding, Air vice-marshal, Aircrew brevet, Airworthiness certificate, Baron Dowding, Battle of Britain, Battle of Britain (film), Battle of France, Battle of the Somme, Big Wing, Brigadier general, British Expeditionary Force (World War II), British Purchasing Commission, Brooklands, Captain (British Army and Royal Marines), Central Flying School, Chief of the Air Staff (United Kingdom), Christianity, Colonel, Cremation, Cyril Newall, 1st Baron Newall, Douglas Bader, Dowding system, Duncan Grinnell-Milne, Dunkirk, Dunkirk evacuation, Edward George Bowen, Eugene Gerrard, Fabian strategy, Fairy Investigation Society, Farnborough, Hampshire, Felton Holt, Fettes College, Fienvillers, Fleet Air Arm, Gibraltar, Ground-controlled interception, Group captain, Hawker Hurricane, Hendon, Hong Kong, Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, Humour, Isle of Wight, ..., John Frederick Andrews Higgins, John Salmond, Keith Park, Laurence Olivier, Lieutenant, Lieutenant colonel, List of pilots awarded an Aviator's Certificate by the Royal Aero Club in 1913, Luftwaffe, Major, Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Mentioned in dispatches, Moffat, Muriel Dowding, Baroness Dowding, National Anti-Vivisection Society, No. 1 Group RAF, No. 11 Group RAF, No. 16 Group RAF, No. 16 Squadron RAF, No. 6 Squadron RAF, No. 7 Squadron RAF, No. 9 Squadron RAF, Operation Sea Lion, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the Bath, Patrick Playfair, Peerages in the United Kingdom, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, R101, Radar, RAF Benevolent Fund, RAF Bentley Priory, RAF Boulmer, RAF Chapel, RAF Fighter Command, RAF Iraq Command, Reincarnation, Robert Wright (historian), Royal Air Force, Royal Air Forces Association, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Garrison Artillery, Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, Royal Navy, Royal Observer Corps, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Royal Victorian Order, Second lieutenant, Sholto Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas of Kirtleside, Ski Club of Great Britain, Skiing, Slalom skiing, Southern Railway (UK), Spiritualism, Sri Lanka, St Clement Danes, St Ninian's School, Moffat, Staff College, Camberley, Stanley Baldwin, Strand, London, Supermarine Spitfire, The Blitz, The bomber will always get through, The Spectator, Theosophical Society, Theosophy, Thomas Higgins (RAF officer), Trafford Leigh-Mallory, Uxbridge, Vickers, Vivisection, Vyell Vyvyan, Western Front (World War I), Westminster Abbey, Wheelchair, Wilfrid Freeman, William Mitchell (RAF officer), Winchester College, Winston Churchill, World War I, World War II, York. Expand index (83 more) » « Shrink index
Air chief marshal (Air Chf Mshl or ACM) is a very senior air force rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force (RAF).
Air commodore (Air Cdre in the RAF and IAF; AIRCDRE in the RNZAF and RAAF; formerly A/C in the RCAF) is a one-star rank and the most junior of the air-officer ranks which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
The Air Defence of Great Britain (ADGB) was a RAF command comprising substantial army and RAF elements responsible for the air defence of the British Isles.
Air marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a three-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
The Air Member for Supply and Organisation was the senior Royal Air Force officer responsible for procurement matters: he was a member of the Air Force Board.
The Air Ministry was a department of the British Government with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Royal Air Force, that existed from 1918 to 1964.
Air officer commanding (AOC) is a title given in the air forces of Commonwealth (and some other) nations to an air officer who holds a command appointment which typically comprises a large, organized collection of air force assets.
Air vice-marshal (AVM) is a two-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
An aircrew brevet (officially known as an aircrew badge) is the badge worn on the left breast, above any medal ribbons, by qualified aircrew in the Royal Air Force, British Army, Indian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Australian Army, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force, South African Air Force and Sri Lanka Air Force.
A Certificate of Airworthiness (CofA), or an airworthiness certificate, is issued for an aircraft by the national aviation authority in the state in which the aircraft is registered.
Baron Dowding, of Bentley Priory in the County of Middlesex, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Battle of Britain (German: Luftschlacht um England, literally "Air battle for England") is the name given to the Second World War air campaign waged by the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) against the United Kingdom during the summer and autumn of 1940.
Battle of Britain is a 1969 British Second World War film directed by Guy Hamilton, and produced by Harry Saltzman and S. Benjamin Fisz.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War, beginning on 10 May 1940, defeating primarily French forces.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire.
The Big Wing, also known as a Balbo, was an air fighting tactic proposed during the Battle of Britain by 12 Group commander Air Vice-Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory and Acting Squadron Leader Douglas Bader.
Brigadier general is a senior rank in the armed forces.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army in Europe from 1939 to 1940 during the Second World War.
The British Purchasing Commission was a United Kingdom organization of the Second World War.
Brooklands was a motor racing circuit and aerodrome built near Weybridge in Surrey, England, United Kingdom.
Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2.
The Central Flying School (CFS) is the Royal Air Force's primary institution for the training of military flying instructors.
The Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) is the professional head of the Royal Air Force and a member of both the Chiefs of Staff Committee and the Air Force Board.
ChristianityFrom the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Colonel (abbreviated Col., Col or COL and pronounced, similar to "kernel") is a senior military officer rank below the general officer ranks.
Cremation is the combustion, vaporization and oxidation of dead bodies to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Cyril Louis Norton Newall, 1st Baron Newall, AM (15 February 1886 – 30 November 1963) was a senior officer of the British Army and Royal Air Force.
Group Captain Sir Douglas Robert Steuart Bader CBE, DSO & Bar, DFC & Bar, FRAeS, DL (21 February 1910 – 5 September 1982) was a Royal Air Force (RAF) flying ace during the Second World War.
The Dowding system was the world's first wide-area ground-controlled interception network, controlling the airspace across the UK from northern Scotland to the southern coast of England.
Captain Duncan William Grinnell-Milne (1896–1973) was an English First World War pilot credited with six confirmed aerial victories, a prisoner of war who successfully escaped from German captivity, a flying ace, and an author.
Dunkirk (Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, France, between 27 May and 4 June 1940, during World War II.
Edward George 'Taffy' Bowen, CBE, FRS (14 January 1911 – 12 August 1991) was a Welsh physicist who made a major contribution to the development of radar, and so helped win both the Battle of Britain and the Battle of the Atlantic.
Air Commodore Eugene Louis Gerrard CMG, DSO, RAF (14 July 1881 – 7 February 1963) was an officer in the Royal Marines and Royal Air Force.
The Fabian strategy is a military strategy where pitched battles and frontal assaults are avoided in favor of wearing down an opponent through a war of attrition and indirection.
The Fairy Investigation Society was founded in Britain in 1927 by Capt.
Farnborough is a town in north east Hampshire, England, part of the borough of Rushmoor and the Farnborough/Aldershot Built-up Area.
Air Vice Marshal Felton Vesey Holt CMG, DSO, RAF (23 February 1886–23 April 1931) was a squadron and wing commander in the Royal Flying Corps who became a brigadier general in the newly established Royal Air Force just before the end of the First World War.
Fettes College is a private coeducational independent boarding and day school in Edinburgh, Scotland, with over two-thirds of its pupils in residence on campus.
Fienvillers is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.
The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean.
Ground-controlled interception (GCI) is an air defense tactic whereby one or more radar stations or other observational stations are linked to a command communications centre which guides interceptor aircraft to an airborne target.
Group captain (Gp Capt or Grp Cpt in the RAF, IAF and PAF, GPCAPT in the RNZAF and RAAF; formerly sometimes G/C in all services) is a senior commissioned rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd for the Royal Air Force (RAF).
Hendon is a London suburb in the Borough of Barnet, northwest of Charing Cross.
Hong Kong, traditionally Hongkong, officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary and the South China Sea.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard (3 February 1873 – 10 February 1956) was a British officer who was instrumental in establishing the Royal Air Force.
Humour, or humorsee spelling differencesis the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement.
The Isle of Wight, is a county and the largest and second most populous island of England.
Air Marshal Sir John Frederick Andrews Higgins KCB, KBE, DSO, AFC, RAF (1 September 1875 – 1 June 1948) was a senior officer in the Royal Flying Corps, serving as a brigade commander from 1915 to 1918.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir John Maitland Salmond & Bar (17 July 1881 – 16 April 1968) was a British military officer who rose to high rank in the Royal Flying Corps and then the Royal Air Force.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Rodney Park GCB, KBE, MC & Bar, DFC (15 June 1892 – 6 February 1975) was a New Zealand soldier, First World War flying ace and Second World War Royal Air Force commander.
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM (/ˈlɒɹəns kɜːɹ ɒˈlɪvi.eɪ/; 22 May 190711 July 1989) was an English actor who, along with his contemporaries Ralph Richardson and John Gielgud, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century.
A lieutenant (abbreviated Lt., LT, LTA, Lieut. and LEUT.) is a junior commissioned officer in many nations' armed forces, fire service, or law enforcement.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine forces and some air forces of the world, typically ranking above a major and below a colonel.
The Royal Aero Club issued Aviators Certificates from 1910.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force (MRAF) is the highest rank in the Royal Air Force.
William Maxwell "Max" Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, PC, ONB, (25 May 1879 – 9 June 1964) was an Anglo-Canadian business tycoon, politician, newspaper proprietor and writer who was an influential figure in British society of the first half of the 20th century.
A member of the armed forces mentioned in dispatches (or despatches, MiD) is one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which is described his or her gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy.
Moffat (Scottish Gaelic: Am Magh Fada, "The Long Plain") is a former burgh and spa town in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, lying on the River Annan, with a population of around 2,500.
Muriel Dowding, Baroness Dowding (22 March 1908 – 20 November 1993) was an English animal rights activist.
The National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS) is a national, not-for-profit animal welfare organisation based in London that actively campaigns against animal testing for commercial, educational or scientific research purposes.
Operation Sea Lion (Unternehmen Seelöwe) was Nazi Germany's plan to invade the United Kingdom during the Second World War, following the Fall of France.
The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as Prince Regent for his father, King George III.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
Air Marshal Sir Patrick Henry Lyon Playfair KBE CB CVO MC RAF (22 November 1889 – 23 November 1974) was a commander in the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War and a senior commander in the Royal Air Force until his retirement during the Second World War.
The peerage is a legal system of traditionally hereditary titles in the United Kingdom, which is constituted by the ranks of British nobility and is part of the British honours system.
Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom.
R101 was one of a pair of British rigid airships completed in 1929 as part of a British government programme to develop civil airships capable of service on long-distance routes within the British Empire.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
The Royal Air Force Benevolent Fund (RAF Benevolent Fund or RAFBF) is the Royal Air Force's leading welfare charity, providing financial, practical and emotional support to serving and former members of the RAF - regardless of rank - as well as their partners and dependents.
RAF Bentley Priory was a non-flying Royal Air Force station near Stanmore in the London Borough of Harrow.
Royal Air Force Boulmer or RAF Boulmer is a Royal Air Force station near Alnwick in Northumberland, England, and is home to Aerospace Surveillance and Control System (ASACS) Force Command, Control and Reporting Centre Boulmer, the School of Aerospace Battle Management, No. 202 Squadron RAF search and rescue, and support staff.
At the eastern end of Westminster Abbey in the magnificent Lady Chapel built by King Henry VII is the RAF Chapel dedicated to the men of the Royal Air Force who died in the Battle of Britain between July and October 1940.
RAF Fighter Command was one of the commands of the Royal Air Force.
Iraq Command was the RAF commanded inter-service command in charge of British forces in Iraq in the 1920s and early 1930s, during the period of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia.
Reincarnation is the religious or philosophical concept that the soul or spirit, after biological death, can begin a new life in a new body.
Robert Wright (1906 – 1992) was a historian and biographer of Hugh Dowding, the RAF's commanding officer in the Battle of Britain.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Air Forces Association (also called RAF Association or RAFA) is the largest single Service membership organisation and the longest standing registered service charity that provides welfare support to the RAF Family - providing friendship, help and support to current and former members of the Royal Air Force and their dependants.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Garrison Artillery (RGA) was an arm of the Royal Artillery that was originally tasked with manning the guns of the British Empire's forts and fortresses, including coastal artillery batteries, the heavy gun batteries attached to each infantry division, and the guns of the siege artillery.
The Royal Military Academy (RMA) at Woolwich, in south-east London, was a British Army military academy for the training of commissioned officers of the Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's principal naval warfare force.
The Royal Observer Corps (ROC) was a civil defence organisation operating in the United Kingdom between 29 October 1925 and 31 December 1995, when the Corps' civilian volunteers were stood down.
Royal Tunbridge Wells (often shortened to Tunbridge Wells) is a large town in western Kent, England, about south-east of central London by road, by rail.
The Royal Victorian Order (Ordre royal de Victoria) is a dynastic order of knighthood recognising distinguished personal service to the monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms or to members of the monarch's family, or to any viceroy of the monarch.
Second lieutenant (called under-lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force William Sholto Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas of Kirtleside, GCB, MC, DFC (23 December 1893 – 29 October 1969) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force.
The Ski Club of Great Britain is a recreational snow sports club, which operates on a not-for-profit basis.
Skiing is a mode of transport, recreational activity and competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
Slalom is an alpine skiing and alpine snowboarding discipline, involving skiing between poles or gates.
The Southern Railway (SR), sometimes shortened to 'Southern', was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping.
Spiritualism is a belief that spirits of the dead have both the ability and the inclination to communicate with the living.
Sri Lanka (or; Sinhalese Śrī Laṃkāva, Tamil Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and known from the beginning of British colonial rule until 1972 as Ceylon, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India.
St Clement Danes is an Anglican church in the City of Westminster, London.
St Ninian's Preparatory School was an independent preparatory school for boys in Moffat, Scotland.
Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, was a staff college for the British Army and the Presidency armies of British India (later merged to form the Indian Army).
Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (3 August 186714 December 1947) was a British Conservative politician, who dominated the government in his country between the two world wars.
Strand, often called the Strand, is a major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster in central London that forms part of the A4 road.
The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft that was used by the Royal Air Force and many other Allied countries during and after the Second World War.
The Blitz (shortened from German Blitzkrieg, "lightning war") was the period of sustained strategic bombing of the United Kingdom by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.
The bomber will always get through was a phrase used by Stanley Baldwin in 1932, in the speech "A Fear for the Future" to the British Parliament.
The Spectator is a weekly British conservative magazine.
The Theosophical Society is an organization formed in 1875 to advance theosophy.
Theosophy (from Greek θεοσοφία theosophia, which comes from the combination of words θεός theos, God + σοφία sophia, wisdom; literally "God's wisdom") refers to systems of esoteric philosophy concerning, or seeking direct knowledge of, presumed mysteries of being and nature, particularly concerning the nature of divinity.
Air Commodore Thomas Charles Reginald Higgins CB CMG DL RAF (21 July 1880 – 22 September 1953) was an early British aviator and senior Royal Flying Corps commander during World War I. After initially serving in the Royal Navy, in 1900 he joined the The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) and saw active service in the Transvaal, Natal and on the Zululand Frontier during the Boer War.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory, KCB, DSO & Bar (11 July 1892 – 14 November 1944) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force.
Uxbridge is a town in west London, England, and the administrative headquarters of the London Borough of Hillingdon.
Vickers was a famous name in British engineering that existed through many companies from 1828 until 1999.
Vivisection is surgery conducted for experimental purposes on a living organism, typically animals with a central nervous system, to view living internal structure.
Air Vice-Marshal Sir Arthur Vyell Vyvyan KCB DSO (12 March 1875 – 30 September 1935), usually given as Sir Vyell Vyvyan, was an officer in the Royal Navy in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, located just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
A wheelchair is a chair fitted with wheels.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfrid Rhodes Freeman, 1st Baronet, GCB, DSO, MC, RAF (18 July 1888 – 15 May 1953) was one of the most important influences on the rearmament of the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the years up to and including the Second World War.
Air Chief Marshal Sir William Gore Sutherland Mitchell (8 March 1888 – 15 August 1944) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force and the first RAF officer to hold the post of Black Rod.
Winchester College is an independent school for boys in the British public school tradition, situated in Winchester, Hampshire, England.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England, and is the traditional county town of Yorkshire to which it gives its name.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding, Dowding, H C T Dowding, H Dowding, Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding, Hugh Caswell Tremenheere Dowding, Hugh Dowding, Lord Dowding, Sir Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, 1st Baron, Sir Hugh Dowding.