270 relations: Air chief marshal, Air Force Association, Air marshal, Air Ministry, Air observer, Air vice-marshal, Aircraft Apprentice Scheme, Aircrew brevet, Airmanship, Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, Army Manoeuvres of 1912, Arthur Longmore, Artillery, Austen Chamberlain, Aviation, Ayrshire (Earl of Carrick's Own) Yeomanry, Baron, Baronet, Battle of Britain, Battle of Neuve Chapelle, Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Belgium, Berkshire, Biafra, Bobsleigh, Boer, Botley, Hampshire, Brevet (military), Britannia Royal Naval College, British Army, British Empire, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Brooklands, Buckingham Palace, Cabinet Secretary, Cairo Conference (1921), Cambridge University Air Squadron, Canada, Cape Colony, Captain (British Army and Royal Marines), Captain (Royal Navy), Carl Spaatz, Cattle raiding, Central Flying School, Charles Portal, 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford, Cheque, Chequers, Chief of staff, Chief of the Air Staff (United Kingdom), Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), ..., Christopher Bullock, Christopher Courtney, Close quarters combat, Colonel (United Kingdom), Commander-in-chief, Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, Committee of Imperial Defence, Cram school, Cresta Run, Cyril Newall, 1st Baron Newall, David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty, David Henderson (British Army officer), De Aar, Derry, Destroyer, Dictionary of National Biography, Dining in, Distinguished Service Order, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Edmond Elles, Edmund Hakewill-Smith, Edward Ashmore (British Army officer), Equestrianism, Eustace Loraine, Evelyn Perry, False premise, Farnborough Air Sciences Trust, Farnborough, Hampshire, Ferdinand Foch, Fifth Army (United Kingdom), First Army (United Kingdom), First Lord of the Admiralty, First Sea Lord, Fleet Air Arm, Florida International University, Flying bomb, Forfar and Kincardine Artillery, Frederick Sykes, Geddes Axe, General officer commanding, Generalissimo, George Bell & Sons, George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, George V, Georgina Ward, Countess of Dudley, German strategic bombing during World War I, Godfrey Paine, Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Green Park, Guerrilla warfare, Hampshire, Harold Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, HarperCollins, Harry Moorhouse, Hendon Police College, Henry Cook (aviator), Henry H. Arnold, Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Hermann Göring, Hernia, Hew Strachan, High Speed Flight RAF, HM Treasury, Horse racing, House of Lords, Hugh Dowding, I Corps (British India), Igbo people, Independent Air Force, India, Inspector, Inspector-General of the RAF, Intelligence assessment, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Ireland, IV Corps (United Kingdom), Jack Higgins (RAF officer), Johannesburg, John Salmond, John Trenchard (politician), Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, Kabul, Kabul Airlift, Khyber Pass, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, Krugersdorp, Latin, Leave (military), List of titles and honours of Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, Liver abscess, London, Major (United Kingdom), Major-general (United Kingdom), Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Maurice Hankey, 1st Baron Hankey, Mayfair, Mentioned in dispatches, Merville, Nord, Mess, Metropolitan Police Service, Middelburg, Eastern Cape, Military intelligence, Militia (United Kingdom), Minister for Co-ordination of Defence, Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Neuve-Chapelle, Neville Chamberlain, Nigeria, No. 1 Wing RAF, No. 2 Squadron RAF, No. 3 Squadron RAF, No. 6 Squadron RAF, Noël Édouard, vicomte de Curières de Castelnau, Non-commissioned officer, North-West Frontier Province (1901–2010), Norton Fitzwarren, Norwegian Campaign, Office of Public Sector Information, Order of Merit, Order of the Bath, Order of the British Empire, Orion Publishing Group, Oxford University Air Squadron, Oxford University Press, Philip Game, Pleural cavity, Police Federation of England and Wales, Polo, Practical joke, Pretoria, Punjab Province (British India), Race to the Sea, RAE Larynx, RAF Advanced Air Striking Force, RAF Chapel, RAF Cranwell, RAF Eastchurch, RAF Fighter Command, RAF Iraq Command, RAF Middle East Command, RAF officer ranks, RAF Staff College, Andover, RAF Upavon, Ramsay MacDonald, Reforms of Amānullāh Khān and civil war, Roodepoort, Royal Aero Club, Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force College Cranwell, Royal assent, Royal Auxiliary Air Force, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Navy, Royal Scots Fusiliers, Royal United Services Institute, Royal Victorian Order, Royal West African Frontier Force, Rugby football, Samuel Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood, San Diego Air & Space Museum, Schneider Trophy, Second Battle of Artois, Second Battle of Ypres, Second Boer War, Secretary of State for Air, Secretary of State for War, Sefton Brancker, Sholto Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas of Kirtleside, Sialkot, Sir William Robertson, 1st Baronet, Solicitor, Somaliland campaign (1920), South Africa, South African Republic, Southampton, Southern Nigeria Regiment, Spanish flu, St Margaret's, Westminster, St Paul's Cathedral, St. Moritz, Strategic bombing, Subaltern, Supermarine S.6, Switzerland, Taunton, Ten Year Rule, Tennis, The London Gazette, The Times, Thomas Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote, Thomas Sopwith, Thomas Trenchard, 2nd Viscount Trenchard, Times Books, Tom Webb-Bowen, Trenchard Museum, United Africa Company, United States Air Force, United States Army Air Service, University Air Squadron, University of Ibadan, University of London Air Squadron, VIII Brigade RAF, Vincent Orange (historian), Viscount Trenchard, War Office, Wargrave, Welbeck Defence Sixth Form College, West Country, Westminster, Westminster Abbey, William III of England, William Weir, 1st Viscount Weir, Wiltshire Council, Winston Churchill, Wolfeton House, World War I, World War II, Zulu people. 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Air chief marshal (Air Chf Mshl or ACM) is a four-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force, where it is the most senior peacetime air force rank.
The Air Force Association (AFA) is an independent, 501(c)(3) non-profit, professional military and aerospace education association that promotes American aerospace power.
Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a three-star air-officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
The Air Ministry was a department of the Government of the United Kingdom with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the Royal Air Force, that existed from 1918 to 1964.
An air observer is a military aircrew member whose duties are predominantly reconnaissance.
Air vice-marshal (AVM) is a two-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force.
The Aircraft Apprentice Scheme was a training programme for Royal Air Force ground crew personnel which ran from 1920 to 1966.
An aircrew brevet (officially known as an aircrew badge) is the badge worn on the left breast, above any medal ribbons, by qualified aircrew in the Royal Air Force, British Army, Indian Air Force, Pakistan Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Australian Army, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force, South African Air Force and Sri Lanka Air Force.
Airmanship is skill and knowledge applied to aerial navigation, similar to seamanship in maritime navigation.
Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe (15 July 1865 – 14 August 1922) was a British newspaper and publishing magnate.
The Army Manoeuvres of 1912 was the last military exercise of its kind conducted by the British Army before the outbreak of the First World War.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Murray Longmore, (8 October 1885 – 10 December 1970) was an early naval aviator, before reaching high rank in the Royal Air Force.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain, KG (16 October 1863 – 16 March 1937) was a British statesman, son of Joseph Chamberlain and half-brother of Neville Chamberlain.
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.
The Ayrshire (Earl of Carrick's Own) Yeomanry was a Regiment of the British Yeomanry and is now an armoured Squadron of the Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry (SNIY), part of the British Army Reserve.
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary.
A baronet (or; abbreviated Bart or Bt) or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess (or; abbreviation Btss), is the holder of a baronetcy, an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle (10–13 March 1915) took place in the First World War.
The Battle of Saint-Mihiel was a major World War I battle fought from 12–15 September 1918, involving the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) and 110,000 French troops under the command of General John J. Pershing of the United States against German positions.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.
Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, was a secessionist state in West Africa which existed from 30 May 1967 to January 1970; it was made up of the states in the Eastern Region of Nigeria.
Bobsleigh or bobsled is a winter sport in which teams of two or four teammates make timed runs down narrow, twisting, banked, iced tracks in a gravity-powered sleigh.
Boer is the Dutch and Afrikaans noun for "farmer".
Botley is a historic village in Hampshire, England with an estimated parish population of 5100.
In many of the world's military establishments, a brevet was a warrant giving a commissioned officer a higher rank title as a reward for gallantry or meritorious conduct but without conferring the authority, precedence, or pay of real rank.
Britannia Royal Naval College (BRNC), commonly known as Dartmouth, is the naval academy of the United Kingdom and the initial officer training establishment of the British Royal Navy.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
Brooklands was a motor racing circuit and aerodrome built near Weybridge in Surrey, England, United Kingdom.
Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom.
A Cabinet Secretary is usually a senior official (typically a civil servant) who provides services and advice to a Cabinet of Ministers as part of the Cabinet Office.
The 1921 Cairo Conference, described in the official minutes as Middle East Conference held in Cairo and Jerusalem, March 12 to 30, 1921, was a series of meetings by British officials for examining and discussing Middle Eastern problems, and to frame a common policy.
Cambridge University Air Squadron, abbreviated CUAS, formed in 1925, is the training unit of the Royal Air Force at the University of Cambridge and forms part of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Cape of Good Hope, also known as the Cape Colony (Kaapkolonie), was a British colony in present-day South Africa, named after the Cape of Good Hope.
Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2.
Captain (Capt) is a senior officer rank of the Royal Navy.
Carl Andrew Spaatz (born Spatz; June 28, 1891 – July 14, 1974), nicknamed "Tooey", was an American World War II general.
Cattle raiding is the act of stealing cattle.
The Central Flying School (CFS) is the Royal Air Force's primary institution for the training of military flying instructors.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Charles Frederick Algernon Portal, 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford, (21 May 1893 – 22 April 1971) was a senior Royal Air Force officer.
A cheque, or check (American English; see spelling differences), is a document that orders a bank to pay a specific amount of money from a person's account to the person in whose name the cheque has been issued.
Chequers, or Chequers Court, is the country house of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization, institution, or body of persons and it also may identify a principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to an important individual, such as a president or a senior military officer.
The Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) is the professional head of the Royal Air Force and a member of both the Chiefs of Staff Committee and the Air Force Board.
Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.
Sir Christopher Llewellyn Bullock, KCB, CBE (10 November 1891 – 16 May 1972), a prominent member of the Bullock family, was Permanent Under-Secretary at the British Air Ministry from 1931 to 1936.
Air Chief Marshal Sir Christopher Lloyd Courtney, (27 June 1890 – 22 October 1976) was a senior Royal Air Force officer.
Close quarters combat (CQC) is a tactical concept that involves physical confrontation between several combatants.
Colonel (Col) is a rank of the British Army and Royal Marines, ranking below brigadier, and above lieutenant colonel.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
The Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis is the head of London's Metropolitan Police Service.
The Committee of Imperial Defence was an important ad hoc part of the government of the United Kingdom and the British Empire from just after the Second Boer War until the start of the Second World War.
Cram schools are specialized schools that train their students to meet particular goals, most commonly to pass the entrance examinations of high schools or universities.
The Cresta Run is a natural ice skeleton racing toboggan track in eastern Switzerland.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Cyril Louis Norton Newall, 1st Baron Newall, (15 February 1886 – 30 November 1963) was a senior officer of the British Army and Royal Air Force.
Admiral of the Fleet David Richard Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty (17 January 1871 – 11 March 1936) was a Royal Navy officer.
Lieutenant General Sir David Henderson, (11 August 1862 – 17 August 1921) was the senior leader of British military aviation during the First World War, having previously established himself as the leading authority on tactical intelligence in the British Army.
De Aar is a town in the Northern Cape, South Africa.
Derry, officially Londonderry, is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published from 1885.
Dining in is a formal military ceremony for members of a company or other unit, which includes a dinner, drinking, and other events to foster camaraderie and esprit de corps.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.
Lieutenant-General Sir Edmond Roche Elles, (9 June 1848 – 6 January 1934) was a British Army officer who served in Egypt and India during the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Major-General Sir Edmund Hakewill-Smith KCVO CB CBE DSO MC (17 March 1896 – 15 April 1986) was a senior British Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II.
Major General Edward Bailey Ashmore, (20 February 1872 – 5 October 1953) was a British Army officer from the 1890s to the 1920s who served in the Royal Artillery, the Royal Flying Corps and briefly in the Royal Air Force before founding and developing the organisation that would become the Royal Observer Corps.
Equestrianism (from Latin equester, equestr-, equus, horseman, horse), more often known as riding, horse riding (British English) or horseback riding (American English), refers to the skill of riding, driving, steeplechasing or vaulting with horses.
Eustace Broke Loraine (3 September 1879 – 5 July 1912) was a pioneer British aviator and the first Royal Flying Corps officer to be killed in an aircraft crash.
Evelyn Walter Copland Perry (4 December 1890 – 16 August 1914) was a pioneer British aviator and one of the first flying instructors in England.
A false premise is an incorrect proposition that forms the basis of an argument or syllogism.
The Farnborough Air Sciences Trust (FAST) museum holds a collection of aircraft (actual and model), satellites, simulators, wind tunnel and Royal Aircraft Establishment-related material.
Farnborough is a town in north east Hampshire, England, part of the borough of Rushmoor and the Farnborough/Aldershot Built-up Area.
Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.
The Fifth Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front between 1916 and 1918.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the Royal Navy who was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs and responsible for the direction and control of Admiralty Department as well as general administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, that encompassed the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services.
The First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff (1SL/CNS) is the professional head of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy and the whole Naval Service.
The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.
Florida International University (FIU) is a metropolitan public research university in Greater Miami, Florida.
A flying bomb is a manned or unmanned aerial vehicle or aircraft carrying a large explosive warhead, a precursor to contemporary cruise missiles.
The Forfar and Kincardine Artillery was a British artillery militia regiment of the 19th century.
Air Vice Marshal Sir Frederick Hugh Sykes, (23 July 1877 – 30 September 1954) was a British military officer and politician.
The Geddes Axe was the drive for public economy and retrenchment in UK government expenditure recommended in the 1920s by a Committee on National Expenditure chaired by Sir Eric Geddes and with Lord Inchcape, Lord Faringdon, Sir Joseph Maclay and Sir Guy Granet also members.
The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.
Generalissimo is a military rank of the highest degree, superior to field marshal and other five-star ranks in the countries where they are used.
George Bell & Sons was a book publishing house located in London, United Kingdom, from 1839 to 1986.
George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, (11 January 1859 – 20 March 1925), known as Lord Curzon of Kedleston between 1898 and 1911 and as Earl Curzon of Kedleston between 1911 and 1921, and commonly as Lord Curzon, was a British Conservative statesman.
George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.
Georgina Elizabeth Ward, Countess of Dudley, (9 August 1846 – 2 February 1929) was a Scottish noblewoman and a noted beauty of the Victorian era.
The best-known German strategic bombing campaign during World War I was the campaign against England, although strategic bombing raids were carried out or attempted on other fronts.
Rear Admiral Sir Godfrey Marshall Paine, (21 November 1871 – 23 March 1932) was a senior officer in the Royal Navy and the Royal Air Force in the early part of the 20th century.
The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company is an American multinational tire manufacturing company founded in 1898 by Frank Seiberling and based in Akron, Ohio.
The Green Park, usually known without the article simply as Green Park, is one of the Royal Parks of London.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
Hampshire (abbreviated Hants) is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom.
Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, (26 April 1868 – 26 November 1940) was a leading British newspaper proprietor, owner of Associated Newspapers Ltd.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Harry Claude Moorhouse, (30 January 1872 – 16 December 1934) was an officer in the British Army who saw action in West Africa.
Hendon Police College is the principal training centre for London's Metropolitan Police Service.
Brigadier-General Henry R Cook was an early British aviator and an officer in the Royal Artillery during World War I. He was the first Assistant Commandant of the Central Flying School in the years before the war.
Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 – January 15, 1950) was an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force.
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, (24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916), was a senior British Army officer and colonial administrator who won notoriety for his imperial campaigns, most especially his scorched earth policy against the Boers and his establishment of concentration camps during the Second Boer War, and later played a central role in the early part of the First World War.
Hermann Wilhelm Göring (or Goering;; 12 January 1893 – 15 October 1946) was a German political and military leader as well as one of the most powerful figures in the Nazi Party (NSDAP) that ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945.
A hernia is the abnormal exit of tissue or an organ, such as the bowel, through the wall of the cavity in which it normally resides.
Sir Hew Francis Anthony Strachan, (born 1 September 1949) is a Scottish military historian, well known for his work on the administration of the British Army and the history of the First World War.
The RAF High Speed Flight, sometimes known as 'The Flight', was a small flight of the Royal Air Force (RAF) formed for the purpose of competing in the Schneider Trophy contest for racing seaplanes during the 1920s.
Her Majesty's Treasury (HM Treasury), sometimes referred to as the Exchequer, or more informally the Treasury, is the British government department responsible for developing and executing the government's public finance policy and economic policy.
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Air Chief Marshal Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding, (24 April 1882 – 15 February 1970) was an officer in the Royal Air Force.
The I Indian Corps was an army corps of the British Indian Army in the Great War.
The Igbo people (also Ibo," formerly also Iboe, Ebo, Eboe, Eboans, Heebo; natively Ṇ́dị́ Ìgbò) are an ethnic group native to the present-day south-central and southeastern Nigeria.
The Independent Air Force (IAF), also known as the Independent Force or the Independent Bombing Force and later known as the Inter-Allied Independent Air Force, was a First World War strategic bombing force which was part of the British Royal Air Force and was used to strike against German railways, aerodromes, and industrial centres without co-ordination with the Army or Navy.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Inspector is both a police rank and an administrative position, both used in a number of contexts.
The Inspector-General of the RAF was a senior appointment in the Royal Air Force, responsible for the inspection of airfields.
Intelligence assessment is the development of behavior forecasts or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organisation, based on wide ranges of available overt and covert information.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 17 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
IV Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army, formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Air Marshal Sir John Frederick Andrews Higgins, (1 September 1875 – 1 June 1948), known as Jack Higgins, was a senior officer in the Royal Flying Corps, serving as a brigade commander from 1915 to 1918.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir John Maitland Salmond, (17 July 1881 – 16 April 1968) was a British military officer who rose to high rank in the Royal Flying Corps and then the Royal Air Force.
Sir John Trenchard (30 March 1649 – 27 April 1695) was an English politician and landowner.
Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation.
Kabul (کابل) is the capital of Afghanistan and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country.
The Kabul Airlift was an air evacuation of British and a number of European diplomatic staff and their families conducted by the Royal Air Force from Kabul between December 1928 and February 1929.
The Khyber Pass (د خیبر درہ, درۂ خیبر) (elevation) is a mountain pass in the north of Pakistan, close to the border with Afghanistan.
The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (KOYLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army.
Krugersdorp (Afrikaans for Kruger's town) is a mining city in the West Rand, Gauteng Province, South Africa founded in 1887 by Marthinus Pretorius.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
In military forces, leave is a permission to be away from one's unit, either for a specified or unspecified period of time.
Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard received numerous titles, decorations, and honours both during and after his military career.
A liver abscess is a pus-filled mass inside the liver.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Major (Maj) is a military rank which is used by both the British Army and Royal Marines.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force (MRAF) is the highest rank in the British Royal Air Force (RAF).
Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, 1st Baron Hankey, (1 April 1877 – 26 January 1963) was a British civil servant who gained prominence as the first Cabinet Secretary and who later made the rare transition from the civil service to ministerial office.
Mayfair is an affluent area in the West End of London towards the east edge of Hyde Park, in the City of Westminster, between Oxford Street, Regent Street, Piccadilly and Park Lane.
A member of the armed forces mentioned in dispatches (or despatches, MiD) is one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which his or her gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy is described.
Merville is a commune in the Nord department and Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
A mess or mess hall (also called a mess deck aboard ships) is an area where military personnel socialize, eat, and (in some cases) live.
The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), commonly known as the Metropolitan Police and informally as the Met, is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in Greater London, excluding the "square mile" of the City of London, which is the responsibility of the City of London Police.
Middelburg is a town in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa, in the Great Karoo.
Military intelligence is a military discipline that uses information collection and analysis approaches to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions.
The Militia of the United Kingdom were the military reserve forces of the United Kingdom after the Union in 1801 of the former Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland.
The position of Minister for Coordination of Defence was a British Cabinet-level position established in 1936 to oversee and co-ordinate the rearmament of Britain's defences.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
Neuve-Chapelle is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Not to be confused with No. 2 Squadron RAF Regiment No.
No 3 Squadron of the Royal Air Force operates the Typhoon F2, FGR4 and T3 from RAF Coningsby, Lincolnshire.
Noël Édouard Marie Joseph, Vicomte de Curières de Castelnau (24 December 1851 – 19 March 1944) was a French general in World War I. He represented the militant Catholic element in the French Army, and headed the Féderation Nationale Catholique.
A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.
The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) was a province of British India and subsequently of Pakistan.
Norton Fitzwarren is a village, electoral ward, and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated north west of Taunton in the Taunton Deane district.
The Norwegian Campaign (9 April to 10 June 1940) was fought in Norway between Norway, the Allies and Germany in World War II after the latter's invasion of the country.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
The Order of Merit (Ordre du Mérite) is an order of merit recognising distinguished service in the armed forces, science, art, literature, or for the promotion of culture.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.
Orion Publishing Group Ltd.
The Oxford University Air Squadron, abbreviated Oxford UAS, or OUAS, formed in 1925, is the training unit of the Royal Air Force at the University of Oxford and forms part of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Air Vice-Marshal Sir Philip Woolcott Game, (30 March 1876 – 4 February 1961) was a British Royal Air Force commander, who later served as Governor of New South Wales and Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis (London).
The pleural cavity is the thin fluid-filled space between the two pulmonary pleurae (known as visceral and parietal) of each lung.
The Police Federation of England and Wales (PFEW) is the statutory staff association for police Constables, Sergeants, Inspectors and Chief Inspectors in the 43 territorial police forces in England and Wales.
Polo is a team sport played on horseback.
A practical joke, or prank, is a mischievous trick played on someone, generally causing the victim to experience embarrassment, perplexity, confusion, or discomfort.
Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng, South Africa.
Punjab, also spelled Panjab, was a province of British India.
The Race to the Sea took place from about 1914, after the Battle of the Frontiers and the German advance into France, which had been stopped at the First Battle of the Marne and was followed by the First Battle of the Aisne a Franco-British counter-offensive.
The Royal Aircraft Establishment Larynx (from "Long Range Gun with Lynx engine") was an early British pilotless aircraft, to be used as a guided anti-ship weapon.
Before the Second World War it had been agreed between the United Kingdom and France that in case of war, the light bomber force of the Royal Air Force would move to airfields within France from which it could operate against targets in Nazi Germany.
At the eastern end of Westminster Abbey in the magnificent Lady Chapel built by King Henry VII is the RAF Chapel dedicated to the men of the Royal Air Force who died in the Battle of Britain between July and October 1940.
Royal Air Force Cranwell or more simply RAF Cranwell is a Royal Air Force station in Lincolnshire, England, close to the village of Cranwell, near Sleaford.
RAF Eastchurch was a Royal Air Force station near Eastchurch village, on the Isle of Sheppey, Kent, England.
RAF Fighter Command was one of the commands of the Royal Air Force.
Iraq Command was the Royal Air Force (RAF) commanded inter-service command in charge of British forces in Iraq in the 1920s and early 1930s, during the period of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia.
Middle East Command was a command of the Royal Air Force (RAF) that was active during the Second World War.
The officer ranks of the Royal Air Force, as they are today, were introduced in 1919.
The RAF Staff College at RAF Andover was the first Royal Air Force staff college to be established.
Trenchard Lines is a major British Army headquarters.
James Ramsay MacDonald, (né James McDonald Ramsay; 12 October 18669 November 1937) was a British statesman who was the first Labour Party politician to become Prime Minister, leading minority Labour governments in 1924 and in 1929–31.
The reforms of Amānullāh Khān began following his accession in 1919 and his securing independence for Afghanistan in 1920.
Roodepoort is a city in Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa.
The Royal Aero Club (RAeC) is the national co-ordinating body for Air Sport in the United Kingdom.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Air Force College (RAFC) is the Royal Air Force training and education academy which provides initial training to all RAF personnel who are preparing to be commissioned officers.
Royal assent or sanction is the method by which a country's monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament.
The Royal Auxiliary Air Force (RAuxAF), formerly the Auxiliary Air Force (AAF), together with the Air Force Reserve, is a component of Her Majesty's Reserve Air Forces (Reserve Forces Act 1996, Part 1, Para 1,(2),(c)).
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Royal Military Academy (RMA) at Woolwich, in south-east London, was a British Army military academy for the training of commissioned officers of the Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers.
The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service – Organisation" to 1 April 1918, when it was merged with the British Army's Royal Flying Corps to form a new service, the Royal Air Force, the first of its kind in the world.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1678 until 1959 when it was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment) which was later itself merged with the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment), the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) to form a new large regiment, the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
The Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI), sometimes still referred to by its pre-2004 name, the Royal United Services Institution, is a British defence and security think tank.
The Royal Victorian Order (Ordre royal de Victoria) is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria.
The West African Frontier Force (WAFF) was a multi-battalion field force, formed by the British Colonial Office in 1900 to garrison the West African colonies of Nigeria, Gold Coast, Sierra Leone and Gambia.
Rugby football refers to the team sports rugby league and rugby union.
Samuel John Gurney Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood, (24 February 1880 – 7 May 1959), more commonly known as Sir Samuel Hoare, was a senior British Conservative politician who served in various Cabinet posts in the Conservative and National governments of the 1920s and 1930s.
San Diego Air & Space Museum (SDASM, formerly the San Diego Aerospace Museum) is an aviation and space exploration museum in San Diego, California, United States.
The Coupe d'Aviation Maritime Jacques Schneider, commonly called the Schneider Trophy or Schneider Prize (sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Schneider Cup, a different prize), was a trophy awarded annually (and later, biannually) to the winner of a race for seaplanes and flying boats.
The Second Battle of Artois (Deuxième bataille de l'Artois or Lorettoschlacht) from was a battle on the Western Front during the First World War.
During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium after the First Battle of Ypres the previous autumn.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
The Secretary of State for Air was a cabinet-level British position.
The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position, first held by Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794).
Air Vice Marshal Sir William Sefton Brancker, (22 March 1877 – 5 October 1930), commonly known as Sir Sefton Brancker, was a senior officer of the Royal Flying Corps and later Royal Air Force, and pioneer in British civil and military aviation.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force William Sholto Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas of Kirtleside, (23 December 1893 – 29 October 1969) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force.
Sialkot (سيالكوٹ and سيالكوٹ) is a city in Punjab, Pakistan.
Field Marshal Sir William Robert Robertson, 1st Baronet, (29 January 1860 – 12 February 1933) was a British Army officer who served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS) – the professional head of the British Army – from 1916 to 1918 during the First World War.
A solicitor is a legal practitioner who traditionally deals with most of the legal matters in some jurisdictions.
The Fifth Expedition of the Somaliland campaign in 1920 was the final British expedition against the Dervish forces of Mohammed Abdullah Hassan (often called the "Mad Mullah" derogatorily by British), the Somali religious leader.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The South African Republic (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
The Southern Nigeria Regiment was a British colonial regiment which operated in Nigeria in the early part of the 20th century.
The Spanish flu (January 1918 – December 1920), also known as the 1918 flu pandemic, was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus.
The Church of St Margaret, Westminster Abbey, is situated in the grounds of Westminster Abbey on Parliament Square, and is the Anglican parish church of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in London.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale or its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.
A subaltern is a primarily British military term for a junior officer.
The Supermarine S.6 is a 1920s British single-engined single-seat racing seaplane built by Supermarine.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Taunton is a large regional town in Somerset, England.
The Ten Year Rule was a British government guideline, first adopted in August 1919, that the armed forces should draft their estimates "on the assumption that the British Empire would not be engaged in any great war during the next ten years".
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Thomas Walker Hobart Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote, (5 March 1876 – 11 October 1947) was a British politician who served in many legal posts, culminating in serving as Lord Chancellor from 1939 until 1940.
Sir Thomas Octave Murdoch Sopwith, CBE, Hon FRAeS (18 January 1888 – 27 January 1989) was an English aviation pioneer, business executive and yachtsman.
Thomas Trenchard, 2nd Viscount Trenchard MC (15 December 1923 – 29 April 1987) was a hereditary peer and junior minister in Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government from 1979 to 1983.
Times Books (previously the New York Times Book Company) is a publishing imprint owned by The New York Times Company and licensed to Henry Holt and Company.
Air Vice Marshal Sir Tom Ince Webb-Bowen, (17 January 1879 – 29 October 1956) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force during the first half of the 20th century.
The Trenchard Museum is based at RAF Halton, Halton, Buckinghamshire, England.
The United Africa Company (UAC) was a British company which principally traded in West Africa during the 20th century.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
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University Air Squadrons are training units under the command of No. 6 Flying Training School RAF of the Royal Air Force who's main role is to attract ambitious and intelligent students into a career as RAF officer's.
The University of Ibadan (UI) is the oldest Nigerian university, and is located five miles (8 kilometres) from the centre of the major city of Ibadan in Western Nigeria.
The University of London Air Squadron, often abbreviated to ULAS, forms part of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve and provides a wide range of training for students of the University of London and affiliated universities.
The VIII Brigade or 8th Brigade of the Royal Flying Corps and from 1 April 1918, Royal Air Force, was a bomber formation which carried out air raids against Germany in the First World War.
George Vincent Orange (24 September 1935 — 26 November 2012) was a British-born New Zealand historian, best known for his military biographies of RAF commanders John Slessor, Keith Park, Arthur Coningham, and Arthur Tedder.
Viscount Trenchard, of Wolfeton in the County of Dorset, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
Wargrave is a large, historic village and civil parish in Berkshire, England.
Welbeck Defence Sixth Form College (Welbeck DSFC) is an independent, selective sixth form college in Woodhouse, near Loughborough, Leicestershire, England, providing A-Level education for candidates to the technical branches of the British Armed Forces, the Ministry of Defence civil service and privately funded students.
The West Country is a loosely defined area of south western England.
Westminster is an area of central London within the City of Westminster, part of the West End, on the north bank of the River Thames.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
William Douglas Weir, 1st Viscount Weir GCB PC (12 May 1877 – 2 July 1959) was a Scottish industrialist and politician, who served as President of the Air Council in 1918.
Wiltshire Council is a unitary authority in South West of England, created in 2009.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
Wolfeton House (sometimes Wolveton House) is an early Tudor and Elizabethan manor house in Dorset, England.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Zulu (amaZulu) are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa and the largest ethnic group in South Africa, with an estimated 10–12 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal.
General Trenchard, H M Trenchard, H Trenchard, H. M. Trenchard, H. Trenchard, H.M.Trenchard, HM Trenchard, Hugh Mon Tague Trenchard, 1st Viscount, Baron Trenchard of Wolfeton Trenchard, Hugh Montague Trenchard, Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount, Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, Hugh Trenchard, Lord Trenchard, Sir Hugh Trenchard, Trenchard, Trenchardian.