Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Install
Faster access than browser!
 

Hugo Chávez

Index Hugo Chávez

Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (28 July 1954 – 5 March 2013) was a Venezuelan politician who was President of Venezuela from 1999 to 2013. [1]

381 relations: Adán Chávez, Adina Bastidas, Afro-Venezuelan, Afterlife, Age of Enlightenment, Agence France-Presse, Agrarian reform, AK-47, Al Jazeera, Al-Bireh, Aló Presidente, ALBA, Alberto Müller Rojas, América Economía, Americas, Amnesty International, Andrés Bello, Anthropology, Anti-imperialism, Anti-Zionism, Antisemitism, Antonio Gramsci, Antonio José de Sucre, Antonio Negri, Anzoátegui, Apure, Association football, Augusto Pinochet, Authoritarianism, Álvaro Uribe, Bank of the South, Barinas (state), Barter, Battle of Ayacucho, Belarus, Belgrade, Bicameralism, Bipolar disorder, Black market, Bloomberg L.P., Bloomberg News, Boliburguesía, Bolivarian Circles, Bolivarian Intelligence Service, Bolivarian Military University of Venezuela, Bolivarian missions, Bolivarian propaganda, Bolivarian Revolution, Bolivarianism, Brain death, ..., Brookings Institution, Burundi, Capital flight, Capitalism, Caracas, Caracazo, Carlos Andrés Pérez, Carter Center, Catholic Church, Catholic Church in Venezuela, Cato Institute, Central Intelligence Agency, Chad, Charles Darwin, Chavismo, Che Guevara, Chickenpox, Christopher Hitchens, CNN en Español, Colombia, Colonialism, Commune, Communist Party of Venezuela, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Constitution of Venezuela, Coordinated Universal Time, Copei, Corruption Perceptions Index, Council on Hemispheric Affairs, Counter-insurgency, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Cuba, Cuba–Venezuela relations, Cuban Revolution, Cuerpo de Investigaciones Científicas, Penales y Criminalísticas, Cuiba language, Cyclothymia, Damascus University, Daniel Florence O'Leary, Daniel Ortega, Death of Hugo Chávez, Default (finance), Democratic Action (Venezuela), Democratic socialism, Diego Alfredo Molero Bellavia, Diosdado Cabello, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Dorling Kindersley, Douglas Bravo, Dutch disease, Economic inequality, Economic policy, Egalitarianism, El Comandante (TV series), El Espectador, El Mundo (Spain), El Nacional (Caracas), El Nuevo Diario, El Universal (Caracas), Elías Jaua, Elena Frías de Chávez, Elorza, Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano, Eminent domain, Enabling act, Ethecon Foundation, Evo Morales, Evolution, Ezequiel Zamora, Fars News Agency, Fatherland for All, Felice D. Gaer, Fidel Castro, Fifth Republic Movement, Financial Times, Food sovereignty, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, Foreign relations of the United States, Fox News, Francisco Arias Cárdenas, Freedom House, Gallup (company), Genocide, Giannina Braschi, Gini coefficient, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Great Patriotic Pole, Greg Palast, Gregory Wilpert, Guillermo Cochez, Gulf News, Haiti, Havana, Henrique Capriles, Henrique Salas Römer, Herma Marksman, Higher University of San Andrés, Hoxhaism, HuffPost, Hugo de los Reyes Chávez, Human Rights Watch, Il Fatto Quotidiano, Indictment, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Indigenous rights, Inflation, Infobae, Inter Press Service, International Crisis Group, International Institute for Strategic Studies, International Labour Organization, International Monetary Fund, Iran–Venezuela relations, Irene Sáez, Isaías Rodríguez, Isla Presidencial, James Brabazon, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Jerusalem, Jesus, Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Jorge Rodríguez (politician), José Ramón Rivero, José Vicente Rangel, Juan Velasco Alvarado, Karl Marx, Ken Livingstone, Kleptocracy, Kyung Hee University, La Orchila, Laissez-faire, Latin American integration, Latin American Perspectives, Leamsy Salazar, Leon Trotsky, Liberal Catholicism, Liberation theology, Libertarianism, Liberty, Lieutenant colonel, Lisbon, List of Presidents of Venezuela, Literacy, Lower middle class, Lower respiratory tract infection, Luis Britto García, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Magna Carta, Malignancy, Managua, Manuel Rosales, Mao Zedong, María Lionza, Marcos Pérez Jiménez, Marisabel Rodríguez de Chávez, Mark Weisbrot, Marxism, Marxism–Leninism, Marxist philosophy, Michael Shifter, Ministry of Popular Power for Communication and Information, Minsk, Miraflores Palace, Mission Mercal, Mood swing, Moon landing conspiracy theories, Moscow, Movement for Socialism (Venezuela), NACLA Report on the Americas, National Assembly (Venezuela), National Center for Foreign Commerce, National Convergence (Venezuela), National Electoral Council (Venezuela), National University of Engineering (Nicaragua), Nationalization, Neoliberalism, Nepotism, New Statesman, New Tribes Mission, New York Stock Exchange, News broadcasting, News.com.au, Nicolás Maduro, Noam Chomsky, Norberto Ceresole, North American Congress on Latin America, Oliver Stone, Omar Torrijos, Oncovirus, OPEC, Order of Islamic Republic, Order of José Martí, Order of Prince Henry, Organization of American States, Osama bin Laden, Pan American Health Organization, Panama, Pariah state, Participatory democracy, PDVSA, Pedro Carmona, Peking University, People's Daily, Peruvian War of Independence, Petrocaribe, Petroleum, Pink tide, Plan Ávila, Plan Bolívar 2000, Politics of Cuba, Populism, Poverty, Poverty in South America, President of Venezuela, Private sector, Project Venezuela, Puntofijo Pact, Raúl Castro, Raúl Reyes, Radical Cause, Rafael Caldera, Rafael Correa, Ramón Carrizales, Rómulo Betancourt, Red Flag Party, Reporters Without Borders, Respiratory failure, Respiratory tract infection, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200, Rory Carroll, Sabaneta, Barinas, Salvador Allende, Separation of powers, September 11 attacks, Sexual orientation, Shortages in Venezuela, Simón Bolívar, Simón Rodríguez, Social democracy, Social justice, Social market economy, Socialism of the 21st century, Solidarity, Sony Pictures Television, South of the Border (2009 film), Soviet Union, Spanish immigration to Venezuela, Special Period, State socialism, Stratfor, Structural inequality, Syncretism, Tehran, Telesur (TV channel), The Christian Science Monitor, The Daily Beast, The Economist, The Guardian, The Heritage Foundation, The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Observer, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, Third World Quarterly, Time (magazine), Time 100, Time in Venezuela, Totalitarianism, Transparency International, Trotskyism, Twitter, UNESCO, Union of South American Nations, United Nations, United Nations Convention against Torture, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, United Socialist Party of Venezuela, United States, United States Department of State, United States dollar, United States of Banana, Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo, University ARCIS, University of Brasília, University of Nebraska Press, University of Tripoli, Univision, Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Uppsala University, Uranium, USA Today, Venezuela, Venezuelan Army, Venezuelan bolívar, Venezuelan Communal Councils, Venezuelan constitutional referendum, 2007, Venezuelan constitutional referendum, 2009, Venezuelan Federation of Chambers of Commerce, Venezuelan general election, 2000, Venezuelan general strike of 2002–03, Venezuelan National Guard, Venezuelan parliamentary election, 2015, Venezuelan presidential election, 1998, Venezuelan presidential election, 2006, Venezuelan presidential election, 2012, Venezuelan presidential election, 2013, Venezuelan recall referendum, 2004, Venezuelanalysis, Villa del Cine, Vladimir Lenin, Voice of America, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Washington Consensus, WCBS-TV, Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, WikiLeaks, Women's rights, Workers' United Center of Chile, World Bank, World Jewish Congress, Yale University, Yare Prison, Yaruro people, Zulia, 1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts, 1999 Constituent National Assembly, 9/11 conspiracy theories. Expand index (331 more) »

Adán Chávez

Adán Chávez Frías (born April 11, 1953) is Venezuelan politician who was Governor of Barinas state from 2008 to 2017.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Adán Chávez · See more »

Adina Bastidas

Adina Mercedes Bastidas Castillo (born 11 June 1943) Vicepresidencia de la Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Adina Bastidas · See more »

Afro-Venezuelan

Afro-Venezuelans (Spanish: Afrovenezolanos) are Venezuelans of African descent.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Afro-Venezuelan · See more »

Afterlife

Afterlife (also referred to as life after death or the hereafter) is the belief that an essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues to manifest after the death of the physical body.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Afterlife · See more »

Age of Enlightenment

The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason; in lit in Aufklärung, "Enlightenment", in L’Illuminismo, “Enlightenment” and in Spanish: La Ilustración, "Enlightenment") was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy".

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Age of Enlightenment · See more »

Agence France-Presse

Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Agence France-Presse · See more »

Agrarian reform

Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Agrarian reform · See more »

AK-47

The AK-47, or AK as it is officially known, also known as the Kalashnikov, is a gas-operated, 7.62×39mm assault rifle, developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and AK-47 · See more »

Al Jazeera

Al Jazeera (translit,, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context), also known as JSC (Jazeera Satellite Channel), is a state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Al Jazeera · See more »

Al-Bireh

Al-Bireh, al-Birah, or el-Bira (البيرة; also known historically as Castrum Mahomeria, Magna Mahomeria, Mahomeria Major, Birra, or Beirothah) is a Palestinian city in the central West Bank, north of Jerusalem.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Al-Bireh · See more »

Aló Presidente

Aló Presidente (English: Hello Mr. President) was a largely unscripted talk show that was hosted by Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Aló Presidente · See more »

ALBA

ALBA or ALBA-TCP, formally the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América) or the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America - Peoples’ Trade Treaty (Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América - Tratado de Comercio de los Pueblos), is an intergovernmental organization based on the idea of the social, political and economic integration of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and ALBA · See more »

Alberto Müller Rojas

Alberto Müller Rojas (August 9, 1935, Táchira, Venezuela – August 13, 2010, Caracas, Venezuela) was a Venezuelan politician and general.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Alberto Müller Rojas · See more »

América Economía

AméricaEconomía is a Latin American magazine founded in 1986 by Chilean Elías Selman and Swedish Nils Strandberg.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and América Economía · See more »

Americas

The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Americas · See more »

Amnesty International

Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Amnesty International · See more »

Andrés Bello

Andrés de Jesús María y José Bello López (November 29, 1781 – October 15, 1865) was a Venezuelan humanist, diplomat, poet, legislator, philosopher, educator and philologist, whose political and literary works constitute an important part of Spanish American culture.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Andrés Bello · See more »

Anthropology

Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Anthropology · See more »

Anti-imperialism

Anti-imperialism in political science and international relations is a term used in a variety of contexts, usually by nationalist movements who want to secede from a larger polity (usually in the form of an empire, but also in a multi-ethnic sovereign state) or as a specific theory opposed to capitalism in Marxist–Leninist discourse, derived from Vladimir Lenin's work Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Anti-imperialism · See more »

Anti-Zionism

Anti-Zionism is opposition to Zionism.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Anti-Zionism · See more »

Antisemitism

Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Antisemitism · See more »

Antonio Gramsci

Antonio Francesco Gramsci (22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian Marxist philosopher and politician.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Antonio Gramsci · See more »

Antonio José de Sucre

Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá (1795–1830), known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho" ("Grand Marshal of Ayacucho"), was a Venezuelan independence leader who served as the fourth President of Peru and the second President of Bolivia.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Antonio José de Sucre · See more »

Antonio Negri

Antonio "Toni" Negri (born 1 August 1933) is an Italian Marxist sociologist and political philosopher, best known for his co-authorship of Empire and secondarily for his work on Spinoza.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Antonio Negri · See more »

Anzoátegui

Anzoátegui State (Estado Anzoátegui) is one of the 23 component states of Venezuela, located in the northeastern region of the country.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Anzoátegui · See more »

Apure

Apure State (Estado Apure) is one of the 23 states ''(estados)'' into which Venezuela is divided.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Apure · See more »

Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Association football · See more »

Augusto Pinochet

Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and the dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Augusto Pinochet · See more »

Authoritarianism

Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Authoritarianism · See more »

Álvaro Uribe

Álvaro Uribe Vélez (born 4 July 1952) is a Colombian politician who served as the 31st President of Colombia from 7 August 2002 to 7 August 2010.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Álvaro Uribe · See more »

Bank of the South

The Bank of the South (Banco del Sur, Banco do Sul, Bank van het Zuiden) or BancoSur is a monetary fund and lending organization established on 26 September 2009 by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Ecuador, Bolivia and Venezuela with promises of initial capital of US$20 billion.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bank of the South · See more »

Barinas (state)

Barinas State (Estado Barinas) is one of the 23 states ''(estados)'' into which Venezuela is divided.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Barinas (state) · See more »

Barter

In trade, barter is a system of exchange where participants in a transaction directly exchange goods or services for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Barter · See more »

Battle of Ayacucho

The Battle of Ayacucho (Batalla de Ayacucho) was a decisive military encounter during the Peruvian War of Independence. It was the battle that secured the independence of Peru and ensured independence for the rest of South America. In Peru it is considered the end of the Spanish American wars of independence, although the campaign of the victor Antonio José de Sucre, continued through 1825 in Upper Peru and the siege of the fortresses Chiloé and Callao finally ended in 1826. As of late 1824, Royalists still had control of most of the south of Peru as well as of Real Felipe Fort in the port of Callao. On 9 December 1824, the Battle of Ayacucho (Battle of La Quinua) took place at Pampa de Ayacucho (or Quinua), a few kilometers away from Ayacucho, near the town of Quinua between Royalist and Independentist forces. Independentist forces were led by Simón Bolívar's lieutenant Sucre. Viceroy José de la Serna was wounded, and after the battle second commander-in-chief José de Canterac signed the final capitulation of the Royalist army. The modern Peruvian Army celebrates the anniversary of this battle.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Battle of Ayacucho · See more »

Belarus

Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Belarus · See more »

Belgrade

Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Belgrade · See more »

Bicameralism

A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bicameralism · See more »

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bipolar disorder · See more »

Black market

A black market, underground economy, or shadow economy is a clandestine market or transaction that has some aspect of illegality or is characterized by some form of noncompliant behavior with an institutional set of rules.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Black market · See more »

Bloomberg L.P.

Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bloomberg L.P. · See more »

Bloomberg News

Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bloomberg News · See more »

Boliburguesía

Boliburguesía (Bolibourgeoisie, a portmanteau of the words Bolivarian and bourgeoisie) is a term describing the new bourgeois created by the Venezuelan government of Hugo Chávez and Chavism, made up of people who became rich under the Chavez administration.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Boliburguesía · See more »

Bolivarian Circles

The Bolivarian Circles (Círculos bolivarianos) are a loosely-knit political and social organization of workers' councils in Venezuela originally begun by President Hugo Chávez in 2001.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bolivarian Circles · See more »

Bolivarian Intelligence Service

The Bolivarian National Intelligence Service (Spanish: Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia Nacional, SEBIN) is the premier intelligence agency in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bolivarian Intelligence Service · See more »

Bolivarian Military University of Venezuela

The Bolivarian Military University of Venezuela (in Spanish Universidad Militar Bolivariana de Venezuela. The Military Bolivarian University of Venezuela (UMBV), is a National Experimental University of Venezuela, which operates under the military education of the nation, is under the Ministry of the People's Power for Defense. It was founded by Decree of the president Hugo Chávez. It is located in Caracas, Venezuela and it provides a four-year program of training for officer cadets.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bolivarian Military University of Venezuela · See more »

Bolivarian missions

The Bolivarian missions are a series of social programs implemented under the administration of former Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez and continued by Chávez's successor, Nicolás Maduro; with the programs focusing on social justice, social welfare, anti-poverty, educational, and military recruiting.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bolivarian missions · See more »

Bolivarian propaganda

Bolivarian propaganda is a form of nationalist propaganda, especially in Venezuela, that utilizes the ideals espoused by Simón Bolívar, who helped lead Venezuela and other Latin American countries to independence from Spain, to exploit populist sentiments in support of local leaders.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bolivarian propaganda · See more »

Bolivarian Revolution

The Bolivarian Revolution is a political process in Venezuela led by late Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, the founder of the Fifth Republic Movement and later the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV).

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bolivarian Revolution · See more »

Bolivarianism

Bolivarianism is a mix of pan-American, socialist and national-patriotic ideals fixed against perceived injustices of imperialism, inequality and corruption named after Simón Bolívar, the 19th-century Venezuelan general and liberator from the Spanish monarchy then in abeyance, who led the struggle for independence throughout much of South America.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Bolivarianism · See more »

Brain death

Brain death is the complete loss of brain function (including involuntary activity necessary to sustain life).

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Brain death · See more »

Brookings Institution

The Brookings Institution is a century-old American research group on Think Tank Row in Washington, D.C. It conducts research and education in the social sciences, primarily in economics, metropolitan policy, governance, foreign policy, and global economy and development.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Brookings Institution · See more »

Burundi

Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi (Republika y'Uburundi,; République du Burundi, or), is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Burundi · See more »

Capital flight

Capital flight, in economics, occurs when assets or money rapidly flow out of a country, due to an event of economic consequence.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Capital flight · See more »

Capitalism

Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Capitalism · See more »

Caracas

Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and centre of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Caracas · See more »

Caracazo

The Caracazo, or sacudón, is the name given to the wave of protests, riots, looting, shootings and massacres. that began on 27 February 1989 in Venezuela's capital, Caracas, and the surrounding towns. The weeklong clashes resulted in the deaths of hundreds of people, thousands by some accounts, mostly at the hands of security forces and the military.Amnesty International, March 1990, Reports of Arbitrary Killings and Torture:, February/March 1989, AI Index: AMR 53/02/90, https://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/AMR53/002/1991/en/4e4929fa-ee43-11dd-99b6-630c5239b672/amr530021991en.pdf The riots and the protests began mainly in response to the government's economic reforms and the resulting increase in the price of gasoline and transportation.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Caracazo · See more »

Carlos Andrés Pérez

Carlos Andrés Pérez Rodríguez (1922 –, 2010) also known as CAP and often referred to as El Gocho (due to his Andean origins), was a Venezuelan politician, President of Venezuela from 12 March 1974 to 12 March 1979 and again from 2 February 1989 to 21 May 1993.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Carlos Andrés Pérez · See more »

Carter Center

The Carter Center is a nongovernmental, not-for-profit organization founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Carter Center · See more »

Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Catholic Church · See more »

Catholic Church in Venezuela

The Catholic Church in Venezuela is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope, the Curia in Rome and the Venezuelan Bishops Conference.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Catholic Church in Venezuela · See more »

Cato Institute

The Cato Institute is an American libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. It was founded as the Charles Koch Foundation in 1974 by Ed Crane, Murray Rothbard, and Charles Koch, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of the conglomerate Koch Industries.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Cato Institute · See more »

Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Central Intelligence Agency · See more »

Chad

Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad ("Republic of the Chad"), is a landlocked country in Central Africa.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Chad · See more »

Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Charles Darwin · See more »

Chavismo

Chavism (Spanish: chavismo), also known as Chavezism (Spanish: chavecismo), is a left-wing political ideology based on the ideas, programs and government style associated with the former President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez that combines elements of socialism, left-wing populism, patriotism, internationalism, Bolivarianism, feminism, green politics and Caribbean and Latin American integration.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Chavismo · See more »

Che Guevara

Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967)The date of birth recorded on was June 14, 1928, although one tertiary source, (Julia Constenla, quoted by Jon Lee Anderson), asserts that he was actually born on May 14 of that year.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Che Guevara · See more »

Chickenpox

Chickenpox, also known as varicella, is a highly contagious disease caused by the initial infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV).

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Chickenpox · See more »

Christopher Hitchens

Christopher Eric Hitchens (13 April 1949 – 15 December 2011) was an Anglo-American author, columnist, essayist, orator, religious and literary critic, social critic, and journalist.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Christopher Hitchens · See more »

CNN en Español

CNN en Español is CNN's 24-hour Spanish language television and radio news channel which broadcasts to the United States of America and Latin America.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and CNN en Español · See more »

Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Colombia · See more »

Colonialism

Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Colonialism · See more »

Commune

A commune (the French word appearing in the 12th century from Medieval Latin communia, meaning a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin communis, things held in common) is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property, possessions, resources, and, in some communes, work, income or assets.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Commune · See more »

Communist Party of Venezuela

The Communist Party of Venezuela (Partido Comunista de Venezuela, PCV) is a communist party and the oldest continuously existing party in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Communist Party of Venezuela · See more »

Community of Latin American and Caribbean States

The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños, CELAC; Comunidade de Estados Latino-Americanos e Caribenhos; Communauté des États Latino-Américains et Caribéens; Gemeenschap van Latijns-Amerikaanse en Caraïbische Staten) is a regional bloc of Latin American and Caribbean states thought out on February 23, 2010, at the Rio Group–Caribbean Community Unity Summit, and created on December 3, 2011, in Caracas, Venezuela, with the signature of The Declaration of Caracas.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Community of Latin American and Caribbean States · See more »

Constitution of Venezuela

The Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is the current and twenty-sixth constitution of Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Constitution of Venezuela · See more »

Coordinated Universal Time

No description.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Coordinated Universal Time · See more »

Copei

COPEI, also called Social Christian Party (Partido Socialcristiano) or Green Party (Partido Verde), is a Christian democratic party in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Copei · See more »

Corruption Perceptions Index

Transparency International (TI) has published the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) since 1995, annually ranking countries "by their perceived levels of corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys." The CPI generally defines corruption as "the misuse of public power for private benefit".

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Corruption Perceptions Index · See more »

Council on Hemispheric Affairs

The Council on Hemispheric Affairs (COHA) is a leftist Washington, D.C.-based non-governmental organization (NGO) founded in 1975.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Council on Hemispheric Affairs · See more »

Counter-insurgency

A counter-insurgency or counterinsurgency (COIN) can be defined as "comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes".

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Counter-insurgency · See more »

Cristina Fernández de Kirchner

Cristina Elisabet Fernández de Kirchner (born 19 February 1953), sometimes referred to by her initials CFK, is an Argentine lawyer and politician, who served as President of Argentina from 2007 to 2015.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner · See more »

Cuba

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Cuba · See more »

Cuba–Venezuela relations

Relations between Cuba and Venezuela since 1902 were aggravated by the Cold War, with Venezuela tending to side with the United States, while Cuba was a loyal ally of the Soviet Union.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Cuba–Venezuela relations · See more »

Cuban Revolution

The Cuban Revolution (Revolución cubana) was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's revolutionary 26th of July Movement and its allies against the authoritarian government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Cuban Revolution · See more »

Cuerpo de Investigaciones Científicas, Penales y Criminalísticas

The Cuerpo de Investigaciones Científicas, Penales y Criminalísticas (CICPC) is Venezuela's largest national police agency, responsible for criminal investigations and forensic services.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Cuerpo de Investigaciones Científicas, Penales y Criminalísticas · See more »

Cuiba language

Cuiba is a Guahiban language that is spoken by about 2,300 people in Colombia and additional 650 in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Cuiba language · See more »

Cyclothymia

Cyclothymia, also known as cyclothymic disorder, is a mental disorder that involves periods of symptoms of depression and periods of symptoms of hypomania.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Cyclothymia · See more »

Damascus University

The University of Damascus (جامعة دمشق, Jāmi‘atu Dimashq) is the largest and oldest university in Syria, located in the capital Damascus and has campuses in other Syrian cities.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Damascus University · See more »

Daniel Florence O'Leary

Daniel Florence O'Leary (Dónall Fínín Ó Laoghaire; 1801–1854) was a military general and aide-de-camp under Simón Bolívar.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Daniel Florence O'Leary · See more »

Daniel Ortega

José Daniel Ortega Saavedra (born November 11, 1945) is a Nicaraguan politician serving as President of Nicaragua since 2007; previously he was leader of Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, first as Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction (1979–1985) and then as President (1985–1990).

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Daniel Ortega · See more »

Death of Hugo Chávez

Hugo Chávez, the 62nd President of Venezuela, died on 5 March 2013 at the age of 58.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Death of Hugo Chávez · See more »

Default (finance)

In finance, default is failure to meet the legal obligations (or conditions) of a loan, for example when a home buyer fails to make a mortgage payment, or when a corporation or government fails to pay a bond which has reached maturity.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Default (finance) · See more »

Democratic Action (Venezuela)

Democratic Action (Acción Democrática, AD) is a Venezuelan social democratic political party established in 1941.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Democratic Action (Venezuela) · See more »

Democratic socialism

Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside social ownership of the means of production with an emphasis on self-management and/or democratic management of economic institutions within a market socialist, participatory or decentralized planned economy.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Democratic socialism · See more »

Diego Alfredo Molero Bellavia

Diego Alfredo Molero Bellavia is a Venezuelan public official.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Diego Alfredo Molero Bellavia · See more »

Diosdado Cabello

Diosdado Cabello Rondón (born 15 April 1963)Vicepresidencia de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela,, accessed 19 April 2010 is a Venezuelan politician, member of the National Assembly of Venezuela and a former Speaker of the country's legislature, and active member of the Venezuelan armed forces.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Diosdado Cabello · See more »

Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

The Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation (Дипломатическая академия Министерства иностранных дел Российской Федерации) also known as State Educational Institution Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, is a diplomatic institution established in 1934 to teach and train the diplomatic and consular staff of Soviet foreign service and initially set up at the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the USSR.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation · See more »

Dorling Kindersley

Dorling Kindersley (DK) is a British multinational publishing company specializing in illustrated reference books for adults and children in 62 languages.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Dorling Kindersley · See more »

Douglas Bravo

Douglas Ignacio Bravo Mora (born March 11, 1932) is a Venezuelan politician and former guerrilla fighter.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Douglas Bravo · See more »

Dutch disease

In economics, the Dutch disease is the apparent causal relationship between the increase in the economic development of a specific sector (for example natural resources) and a decline in other sectors (like the manufacturing sector or agriculture).

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Dutch disease · See more »

Economic inequality

Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Economic inequality · See more »

Economic policy

The economic policy of governments covers the systems for setting levels of taxation, government budgets, the money supply and interest rates as well as the labour market, national ownership, and many other areas of government interventions into the economy.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Economic policy · See more »

Egalitarianism

Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Egalitarianism · See more »

El Comandante (TV series)

El Comandante, is a Colombian television series created by Sony Pictures Television.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and El Comandante (TV series) · See more »

El Espectador

El Espectador (meaning "The Spectator") is a newspaper with national circulation within Colombia, founded by Fidel Cano Gutiérrez on 22 March 1887 in Medellín and published since 1915 in Bogotá.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and El Espectador · See more »

El Mundo (Spain)

El Mundo (The World), formally El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno (The World of the Twenty-First Century) is the second largest printed daily newspaper in Spain.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and El Mundo (Spain) · See more »

El Nacional (Caracas)

El Nacional is a Venezuelan publishing company under the name C.A. Editorial El Nacional, most widely known for its El Nacional newspaper and website.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and El Nacional (Caracas) · See more »

El Nuevo Diario

El Nuevo Diario is a Nicaraguan newspaper, with offices in the capital Managua.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and El Nuevo Diario · See more »

El Universal (Caracas)

El Universal is a major Venezuelan newspaper, headquartered in Caracas with an average daily circulation of about 150,000.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and El Universal (Caracas) · See more »

Elías Jaua

Elías José Jaua Milano (born 16 December 1969) is a Venezuelan politician and former university professor who served as Vice President of Venezuela from January 2010 to October 2012.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Elías Jaua · See more »

Elena Frías de Chávez

Elena Frías de Chávez (born 1935) is the mother of late Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez, Aníbal José Chávez Frías and Adán Chávez.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Elena Frías de Chávez · See more »

Elorza

Elorza is a town in the Apure State in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Elorza · See more »

Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano

The Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano, also named ALX or A-29, is a Brazilian turboprop light attack aircraft designed and built by Embraer as a development of the Embraer EMB 312 Tucano.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano · See more »

Eminent domain

Eminent domain (United States, Philippines), land acquisition (Singapore), compulsory purchase (United Kingdom, New Zealand, Ireland), resumption (Hong Kong, Uganda), resumption/compulsory acquisition (Australia), or expropriation (France, Italy, Mexico, South Africa, Canada, Brazil, Portugal, Spain, Chile, Denmark, Sweden) is the power of a state, provincial, or national government to take private property for public use.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Eminent domain · See more »

Enabling act

An enabling act is a piece of legislation by which a legislative body grants an entity which depends on it (for authorization or legitimacy) the power to take certain actions.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Enabling act · See more »

Ethecon Foundation

Ethecon Foundation is a German environmental organisation, which describes itself as a "foundation for ethics and economy".

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Ethecon Foundation · See more »

Evo Morales

Juan Evo Morales Ayma (born October 26, 1959), popularly known as Evo, is a Bolivian politician and cocalero activist who has served as President of Bolivia since 2006.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Evo Morales · See more »

Evolution

Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Evolution · See more »

Ezequiel Zamora

Ezequiel Zamora (1 February 1817 – 10 January 1860) was a Venezuelan soldier, and leader of the Federalists in the Federal War (Guerra Federal) of 1859-1863.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Ezequiel Zamora · See more »

Fars News Agency

The Fars News Agency is a news agency in Iran.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Fars News Agency · See more »

Fatherland for All

Fatherland for All (Patria Para Todos, PPT) is a leftist political party in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Fatherland for All · See more »

Felice D. Gaer

Felice D. Gaer (born 1946) is an American who has worked on human rights and a longstanding member and the former chair of the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Felice D. Gaer · See more »

Fidel Castro

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Fidel Castro · See more »

Fifth Republic Movement

The Fifth Republic Movement (Spanish: Movimiento V República, MVR) was a Socialist political party in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Fifth Republic Movement · See more »

Financial Times

The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Financial Times · See more »

Food sovereignty

"Food sovereignty", a term coined by members of Via Campesina in 1996,"Global Small-Scale Farmers' Movement Developing New Trade Regimes", Food First News & Views, Volume 28, Number 97 Spring/Summer 2005, p.2.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Food sovereignty · See more »

Foreign Affairs

Foreign Affairs is an American magazine of international relations and U.S. foreign policy published by the Council on Foreign Relations, a nonprofit, nonpartisan, membership organization and think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Foreign Affairs · See more »

Foreign Policy

Foreign Policy is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Foreign Policy · See more »

Foreign relations of the United States

The United States has formal diplomatic relations with most nations.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Foreign relations of the United States · See more »

Fox News

Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Fox News · See more »

Francisco Arias Cárdenas

Francisco Javier Arias Cárdenas (born 20 November 1950) is a Venezuelan politician and career military officer, and was the current governor of Zulia state.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Francisco Arias Cárdenas · See more »

Freedom House

Freedom House is a U.S.-based 501(c)(3) U.S. government-funded non-governmental organization (NGO) that conducts research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom, and human rights.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Freedom House · See more »

Gallup (company)

Gallup, Inc. is an American research-based, global performance-management consulting company.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Gallup (company) · See more »

Genocide

Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Genocide · See more »

Giannina Braschi

Giannina Braschi (born February 5, 1953) is a Puerto Rican writer.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Giannina Braschi · See more »

Gini coefficient

In economics, the Gini coefficient (sometimes expressed as a Gini ratio or a normalized Gini index) is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income or wealth distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measurement of inequality.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Gini coefficient · See more »

Giuseppe Garibaldi

Giuseppe Garibaldi; 4 July 1807 – 2 June 1882) was an Italian general, politician and nationalist. He is considered one of the greatest generals of modern times and one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland" along with Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and Giuseppe Mazzini. Garibaldi has been called the "Hero of the Two Worlds" because of his military enterprises in Brazil, Uruguay and Europe. He personally commanded and fought in many military campaigns that led eventually to the Italian unification. Garibaldi was appointed general by the provisional government of Milan in 1848, General of the Roman Republic in 1849 by the Minister of War, and led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf and with the consent of Victor Emmanuel II. His last military campaign took place during the Franco-Prussian War as commander of the Army of the Vosges. Garibaldi was very popular in Italy and abroad, aided by exceptional international media coverage at the time. Many of the greatest intellectuals of his time, such as Victor Hugo, Alexandre Dumas, and George Sand, showered him with admiration. The United Kingdom and the United States helped him a great deal, offering him financial and military support in difficult circumstances. In the popular telling of his story, he is associated with the red shirts worn by his volunteers, the Garibaldini, in lieu of a uniform.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Giuseppe Garibaldi · See more »

Great Patriotic Pole

The Great Patriotic Pole (Gran Polo Patriótico, GPP) is an electoral alliance of Venezuelan political parties created in 2011 to support the re-election of Hugo Chávez in the 2012 presidential election.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Great Patriotic Pole · See more »

Greg Palast

Gregory Allyn "Greg" Palast (born June 26, 1952) is an author and a freelance journalist who often worked for the BBC and The Guardian.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Greg Palast · See more »

Gregory Wilpert

Gregory Wilpert is an activist and founder of Venezuelanalysis.com, a website supportive of Hugo Chávez's Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Gregory Wilpert · See more »

Guillermo Cochez

Guillermo Cochez is a Panamanian politician and lawyer who served as the former representative of Panama to the Organization of American States (OAS) between 2009 and 2013.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Guillermo Cochez · See more »

Gulf News

Gulf News is a daily English language newspaper published from Dubai.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Gulf News · See more »

Haiti

Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Haiti · See more »

Havana

Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Havana · See more »

Henrique Capriles

Henrique Capriles Radonski is a Venezuelan politician and lawyer, serving as 36th Governor of Miranda from 2008-17.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Henrique Capriles · See more »

Henrique Salas Römer

Henrique Salas Römer (born 17 April 1936 in Puerto Cabello, Carabobo, Venezuela) is a Venezuelan economist from Yale University, politically active in Venezuela since 1983.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Henrique Salas Römer · See more »

Herma Marksman

Herma Marksman (born 1949) is a Venezuelan historian.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Herma Marksman · See more »

Higher University of San Andrés

The Higher University of San Andrés (Universidad Mayor de San Andrés or UMSA) is the leading public university in Bolivia, established since 1830 in the city of La Paz.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Higher University of San Andrés · See more »

Hoxhaism

Hoxhaism is a variant of anti-revisionist Marxism–Leninism that developed in the late 1970s due to a split in the Maoist movement, appearing after the ideological dispute between the Communist Party of China and the Party of Labour of Albania in 1978.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Hoxhaism · See more »

HuffPost

HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and HuffPost · See more »

Hugo de los Reyes Chávez

Hugo de los Reyes Chávez (born January 6, 1933) is a Venezuelan state politician and the father of the late Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez (1954 - 2013).

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Hugo de los Reyes Chávez · See more »

Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Human Rights Watch · See more »

Il Fatto Quotidiano

il Fatto Quotidiano is an Italian daily newspaper owned by Editoriale Il Fatto SpA published in Rome, Italy.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Il Fatto Quotidiano · See more »

Indictment

An indictment is a formal accusation that a person has committed a crime.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Indictment · See more »

Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Indigenous peoples of the Americas · See more »

Indigenous rights

Indigenous rights are those rights that exist in recognition of the specific condition of the indigenous peoples.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Indigenous rights · See more »

Inflation

In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Inflation · See more »

Infobae

Infobae is an Argentinian news website that was created in 2002 by businessman Daniel Hadad.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Infobae · See more »

Inter Press Service

Inter Press Service (IPS) is a global news agency.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Inter Press Service · See more »

International Crisis Group

The International Crisis Group (ICG; also simply known as the Crisis Group) is a transnational non-profit, non-governmental organization founded in 1995 that carries out field research on violent conflict and advances policies to prevent, mitigate or resolve conflict.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and International Crisis Group · See more »

International Institute for Strategic Studies

The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and International Institute for Strategic Studies · See more »

International Labour Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and International Labour Organization · See more »

International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and International Monetary Fund · See more »

Iran–Venezuela relations

Iran–Venezuela relations (Spanish: Las relaciones de Irán y Venezuela; Persian: روابط ایران و ونزوئلا) have strengthened substantially in recent years.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Iran–Venezuela relations · See more »

Irene Sáez

Irene Lailin Sáez Conde (born 13 December 1961 in Chacao, Miranda, Venezuela) is a Venezuelan politician and beauty queen who was crowned Miss Universe 1981.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Irene Sáez · See more »

Isaías Rodríguez

Julián Isaías Rodríguez Díaz (born 16 December 1942) VicePresidency of Venezuela,, accessed 4 June 2012 is a Venezuelan politician and lawyer.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Isaías Rodríguez · See more »

Isla Presidencial

Isla presidencial (Presidential Island) is an adult web animation page from Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Isla Presidencial · See more »

James Brabazon

James Martin Brabazon (born 18 February 1972), is a British documentary filmmaker, journalist, and author.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and James Brabazon · See more »

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Jean-Jacques Rousseau · See more »

Jerusalem

Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Jerusalem · See more »

Jesus

Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Jesus · See more »

Jorge Eliécer Gaitán

Jorge Eliécer Gaitán Ayala (January 23, 1903 – April 9, 1948) was a politician, a leader of a populist movement in Colombia, a former Education Minister (1940) and Labor Minister (1943–1944), mayor of Bogotá (1936) and one of the most charismatic leaders of the Liberal Party.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Jorge Eliécer Gaitán · See more »

Jorge Rodríguez (politician)

Jorge Jesús Rodríguez Gómez (born November 9, 1965) is a Venezuelan politician and psychiatrist who was Vice President of Venezuela from January 2007 to January 2008.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Jorge Rodríguez (politician) · See more »

José Ramón Rivero

José Ramón Rivero is a Venezuelan politician.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and José Ramón Rivero · See more »

José Vicente Rangel

José Vicente Rangel Vale (born 10 July 1929) is a Venezuelan leftist politician.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and José Vicente Rangel · See more »

Juan Velasco Alvarado

Juan Francisco Velasco Alvarado (June 16, 1910 – December 24, 1977) was a left-wing Peruvian General who served as the 58th President of Peru from 1968 to 1975 under the title " President of the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces".

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Juan Velasco Alvarado · See more »

Karl Marx

Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Karl Marx · See more »

Ken Livingstone

Kenneth Robert Livingstone (born 17 June 1945) is an English politician who served as the Leader of the Greater London Council (GLC) from 1981 until the council was abolished in 1986, and as Mayor of London from the creation of the office in 2000 until 2008.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Ken Livingstone · See more »

Kleptocracy

Kleptocracy (from Greek κλέπτης kléptēs, "thief", κλέπτω kléptō, "I steal", and -κρατία -kratía from κράτος krátos, "power, rule") is a government with corrupt leaders (kleptocrats) that use their power to exploit the people and natural resources of their own territory in order to extend their personal wealth and political powers.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Kleptocracy · See more »

Kyung Hee University

Kyung Hee University(Korean: 경희대학교) is one of the best private university encompassing an educational system from kindergarten to graduate school with campuses in Seoul, Yongin, Hongneung, and Gwangneung (on the outskirts of Namyangju city), South Korea. Kyung Hee University has 24 colleges, 82 departments and majors, 65 master's and 63 doctorate programs, 18 professional and special graduate schools, and 43 auxiliary research institutions. The university counts Slavoj Žižek, Jason Barker and Emanuel Pastreich among its international professors.http://gradenglish.khu.ac.kr/contents/bbs/bbs_content.html?bbs_cls_cd.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Kyung Hee University · See more »

La Orchila

La Orchila is an island and a military base off the coast of Venezuela, north of Caracas.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and La Orchila · See more »

Laissez-faire

Laissez-faire (from) is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs and subsidies.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Laissez-faire · See more »

Latin American integration

The integration of Latin America has a history going back to Spanish American and Brazilian independence, when there was discussion of creating a regional state or confederation of Latin American nations to protect the area's newly won autonomy.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Latin American integration · See more »

Latin American Perspectives

Latin American Perspectives, A Journal on Capitalism and Socialism, is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers in the field of Latin American studies.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Latin American Perspectives · See more »

Leamsy Salazar

Leamsy Villafaña José Salazar was a lieutenant colonel in the Venezuelan Navy who was also the head of security details for Hugo Chávez and Diosdado Cabello.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Leamsy Salazar · See more »

Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky (born Lev Davidovich Bronstein; – 21 August 1940) was a Russian revolutionary, theorist, and Soviet politician.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Leon Trotsky · See more »

Liberal Catholicism

Liberal Catholicism was a current of thought within the Catholic Church.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Liberal Catholicism · See more »

Liberation theology

Liberation theology is a synthesis of Christian theology and Marxist socio-economic analyses that emphasizes social concern for the poor and the political liberation for oppressed peoples.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Liberation theology · See more »

Libertarianism

Libertarianism (from libertas, meaning "freedom") is a collection of political philosophies and movements that uphold liberty as a core principle.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Libertarianism · See more »

Liberty

Liberty, in politics, consists of the social, political, and economic freedoms to which all community members are entitled.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Liberty · See more »

Lieutenant colonel

Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Lieutenant colonel · See more »

Lisbon

Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Lisbon · See more »

List of Presidents of Venezuela

Under the Venezuelan Constitution, the President of Venezuela is the head of state and head of government of Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and List of Presidents of Venezuela · See more »

Literacy

Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Literacy · See more »

Lower middle class

In developed nations across the world, the lower middle class is a sub-division of the greater middle class.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Lower middle class · See more »

Lower respiratory tract infection

Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), while often used as a synonym for pneumonia, can also be applied to other types of infection including lung abscess and acute bronchitis.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Lower respiratory tract infection · See more »

Luis Britto García

Luis Britto García (born 9 October 1940, in Caracas) is a Venezuelan writer, playwright and essayist.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Luis Britto García · See more »

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (born 27 October 1945), popularly known as Lula, is a Brazilian politician and former union leader, who served as the 35th President of Brazil from 2003 to 2011.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva · See more »

Magna Carta

Magna Carta Libertatum (Medieval Latin for "the Great Charter of the Liberties"), commonly called Magna Carta (also Magna Charta; "Great Charter"), is a charter agreed to by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor, on 15 June 1215.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Magna Carta · See more »

Malignancy

Malignancy is the tendency of a medical condition to become progressively worse.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Malignancy · See more »

Managua

Managua is the capital and largest city of Nicaragua, and the center of eponymous department.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Managua · See more »

Manuel Rosales

Manuel Antonio Rosales Guerrero (born December 12, 1952, in Santa Bárbara del Zulia) is a Venezuelan educator and politician and was the most prominent opposition candidate in the 2006 presidential election, losing to incumbent Hugo Chávez.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Manuel Rosales · See more »

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Mao Zedong · See more »

María Lionza

María Lionza is the central figure in one of the most widespread indigenous religions in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and María Lionza · See more »

Marcos Pérez Jiménez

Marcos Evangelista Pérez Jiménez (25 April 1914 – 20 September 2001) was a Venezuelan military and general officer of the Army of Venezuela and the leader of Venezuela from 1950 to 1958, ruling as unelected military strongman from 1948 to 1950 and as President from 1952 to 1958.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Marcos Pérez Jiménez · See more »

Marisabel Rodríguez de Chávez

Marisabel Rodríguez Oropeza (born 23 November 1964) is a Venezuelan journalist, publicist and radio announcer.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Marisabel Rodríguez de Chávez · See more »

Mark Weisbrot

Mark Alan Weisbrot is an American economist and columnist.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Mark Weisbrot · See more »

Marxism

Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Marxism · See more »

Marxism–Leninism

In political science, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, of the Communist International and of Stalinist political parties.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Marxism–Leninism · See more »

Marxist philosophy

Marxist philosophy or Marxist theory are works in philosophy that are strongly influenced by Karl Marx's materialist approach to theory, or works written by Marxists.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Marxist philosophy · See more »

Michael Shifter

Michael Shifter is President of the Inter-American Dialogue and an Adjunct Professor of Latin American Studies at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Michael Shifter · See more »

Ministry of Popular Power for Communication and Information

The Ministry of Popular Power for Communication and Information (Minci) is a public ministry of the Government of Venezuela dedicated to communication, informing the Venezuelan public and promoting the Venezuelan government.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Ministry of Popular Power for Communication and Information · See more »

Minsk

Minsk (Мінск,; Минск) is the capital and largest city of Belarus, situated on the Svislach and the Nyamiha Rivers.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Minsk · See more »

Miraflores Palace

The Palacio de Miraflores (Spanish for Miraflores Palace) is the official workplace of the President of Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Miraflores Palace · See more »

Mission Mercal

Mission Mercal (officially launched on 24 April 2003) is a Bolivarian Mission established in Venezuela under the government of Hugo Chávez.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Mission Mercal · See more »

Mood swing

A mood swing is an extreme or rapid change in mood.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Mood swing · See more »

Moon landing conspiracy theories

Moon landing conspiracy theories claim that some or all elements of the Apollo program and the associated Moon landings were hoaxes staged by NASA, possibly with the aid of other organizations.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Moon landing conspiracy theories · See more »

Moscow

Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Moscow · See more »

Movement for Socialism (Venezuela)

The Movement toward Socialism (Movimiento al Socialismo, or MAS) is a social-democratic political party in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Movement for Socialism (Venezuela) · See more »

NACLA Report on the Americas

NACLA Report on the Americas is a political magazine produced by the North American Congress on Latin America.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and NACLA Report on the Americas · See more »

National Assembly (Venezuela)

The National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) is a de jure legislature for Venezuela that was first elected in 2000.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and National Assembly (Venezuela) · See more »

National Center for Foreign Commerce

The National Center for Foreign Commerce, (Centro Nacional de Comercio Exterior, CENCOEX), formerly the Commission for the Administration of Currency Exchange (Comisión de Administración de Divisas CADIVI), is the Venezuelan government body which administers legal currency exchange in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and National Center for Foreign Commerce · See more »

National Convergence (Venezuela)

The National Convergence (Convergencia Nacional) is a political party in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and National Convergence (Venezuela) · See more »

National Electoral Council (Venezuela)

The National Electoral Council (Consejo Nacional Electoral) (CNE) is one of the five branches of government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela that is designed to be independent.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and National Electoral Council (Venezuela) · See more »

National University of Engineering (Nicaragua)

The National University of Engineering (Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería) (UNI) is located in Managua, Nicaragua.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and National University of Engineering (Nicaragua) · See more »

Nationalization

Nationalization (or nationalisation) is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Nationalization · See more »

Neoliberalism

Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Neoliberalism · See more »

Nepotism

Nepotism is based on favour granted to relatives in various fields, including business, politics, entertainment, sports, religion and other activities.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Nepotism · See more »

New Statesman

The New Statesman is a British political and cultural magazine published in London.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and New Statesman · See more »

New Tribes Mission

New Tribes Mission (NTM) now known as Ethnos360 is an international, theologically evangelical Christian mission organization based in Sanford, Florida, United States.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and New Tribes Mission · See more »

New York Stock Exchange

The New York Stock Exchange (abbreviated as NYSE, and nicknamed "The Big Board"), is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and New York Stock Exchange · See more »

News broadcasting

News broadcasting is the medium of broadcasting of various news events and other information via television, radio, or internet in the field of broadcast journalism.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and News broadcasting · See more »

News.com.au

news.com.au is an Australian news and entertainment website owned by News Corp Australia.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and News.com.au · See more »

Nicolás Maduro

Nicolás Maduro Moros (born 23 November 1962) is a Venezuelan politician who has served as the 63rd President of Venezuela since 2013 and previously served under President Hugo Chávez as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2006 to 2013 and as Vice President of Venezuela from 2012 to 2013.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Nicolás Maduro · See more »

Noam Chomsky

Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Noam Chomsky · See more »

Norberto Ceresole

Norberto Rafael Ceresole (August 1943 - May 4, 2003) was an Argentine sociologist and political scientist, who identified himself with Peronism, left-wing militias and the ideas of his friends Robert Faurisson, Roger Garaudy and Ernst Nolte.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Norberto Ceresole · See more »

North American Congress on Latin America

North American Congress in Latin America (NACLA) is a left-wing non-profit organization founded in 1966 to provide information on trends in Latin America and relations between Latin America and the United States.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and North American Congress on Latin America · See more »

Oliver Stone

William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946) is an American writer and filmmaker.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Oliver Stone · See more »

Omar Torrijos

Omar Efraín Torrijos Herrera (February 13, 1929 – July 31, 1981), more commonly known as Omar Torrijos, was the Commander of the Panamanian and National Guard and the de facto dictator of Panama from 1968 to 1981.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Omar Torrijos · See more »

Oncovirus

An oncovirus is a virus that can cause cancer.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Oncovirus · See more »

OPEC

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC,, or OPEP in several other languages) is an intergovernmental organization of nations, founded in 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members (Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela), and headquartered since 1965 in Vienna, Austria.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and OPEC · See more »

Order of Islamic Republic

The Order of the Islamic Republic (نشان جمهوری اسلامی, Nešān-e Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye) is Iran's state decoration of honour, established 1990, awarded by President of Iran to foreign nationals.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Order of Islamic Republic · See more »

Order of José Martí

The Order of José Martí (Orden José Martí) is a state honor in Cuba.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Order of José Martí · See more »

Order of Prince Henry

The Order of Prince Henry the Navigator (Ordem do Infante Dom Henrique) is a Portuguese National Order of Knighthood created on 2 June 1960, to commemorate the quincentenary of the death of the Infante Henry the Navigator (known in Portuguese as Henrique), third son of King John I of Portugal and his queen, Philippa of Lancaster.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Order of Prince Henry · See more »

Organization of American States

The Organization of American States (Organización de los Estados Americanos, Organização dos Estados Americanos, Organisation des États américains), or the OAS or OEA, is a continental organization that was founded on 30 April 1948, for the purposes of regional solidarity and cooperation among its member states.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Organization of American States · See more »

Osama bin Laden

Usama ibn Mohammed ibn Awad ibn Ladin (أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن), often anglicized as Osama bin Laden (March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011), was a founder of, the organization responsible for the September 11 attacks in the United States and many other mass-casualty attacks worldwide.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Osama bin Laden · See more »

Pan American Health Organization

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO; originally the Pan-American Sanitary Bureau) is an international public health agency working to improve health and living standards of the people of the Americas.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Pan American Health Organization · See more »

Panama

Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Panama · See more »

Pariah state

A pariah state (also called an international pariah or a global pariah) is a nation considered to be an outcast in the international community.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Pariah state · See more »

Participatory democracy

Participatory democracy emphasizes the broad participation of constituents in the direction and operation of political systems.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Participatory democracy · See more »

PDVSA

Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA) (Petroleum of Venezuela) is the Venezuelan state-owned oil and natural gas company.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and PDVSA · See more »

Pedro Carmona

Pedro Francisco Carmona Estanga (born 6 July 1941), is a former Venezuelan trade organization leader who was briefly installed as President of Venezuela in place of Hugo Chávez, following the attempted military coup on April 2002.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Pedro Carmona · See more »

Peking University

Peking University (abbreviated PKU or Beida; Chinese: 北京大学, pinyin: běi jīng dà xué) is a major Chinese research university located in Beijing and a member of the C9 League.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Peking University · See more »

People's Daily

The People's Daily or Renmin Ribao is the biggest newspaper group in China.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and People's Daily · See more »

Peruvian War of Independence

The Peruvian War of Independence was composed of a series of military conflicts in Peru beginning with viceroy Abascal military reconquest in 1811 in the battle of Guaqui, going with the definitive defeat of the Spanish Army in 1824 in the battle of Ayacucho, and culminated in 1826, with the Siege of Callao.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Peruvian War of Independence · See more »

Petrocaribe

Petrocaribe is an oil alliance of many Caribbean states with Venezuela to purchase oil on conditions of preferential payment.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Petrocaribe · See more »

Petroleum

Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Petroleum · See more »

Pink tide

"Pink tide" (marea rosa, onda rosa) and "turn to the Left" (Sp.: vuelta hacia la izquierda, Pt.: Guinada à Esquerda) are phrases used in contemporary 21st century political analysis in the media and elsewhere to describe the perception of a turn towards left wing governments in Latin American democracies straying away from the neo-liberal economic model.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Pink tide · See more »

Plan Ávila

Plan Ávila is a military contingency plan by the Venezuelan Army to maintain public order in the Venezuelan capital, Caracas.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Plan Ávila · See more »

Plan Bolívar 2000

Plan Bolívar 2000 (launched February 27, 1999) was the first of the Bolivarian Missions enacted under administration of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Plan Bolívar 2000 · See more »

Politics of Cuba

Cuba has had a communist political system since 1959 based on the "one state – one party" principle.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Politics of Cuba · See more »

Populism

In politics, populism refers to a range of approaches which emphasise the role of "the people" and often juxtapose this group against "the elite".

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Populism · See more »

Poverty

Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Poverty · See more »

Poverty in South America

Poverty in South America is high in most countries.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Poverty in South America · See more »

President of Venezuela

The President of Venezuela (Presidente de Venezuela), officially known as the President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Presidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela) is the head of state and head of government in Venezuela's presidential system.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and President of Venezuela · See more »

Private sector

The private sector is the part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the State.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Private sector · See more »

Project Venezuela

Venezuela Project (in Spanish: Proyecto Venezuela) is a centre-right political party in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Project Venezuela · See more »

Puntofijo Pact

The Puntofijo Pact was a formal arrangement arrived at between representatives of Venezuela's three main political parties in 1958, Acción Democrática (AD), COPEI (Social Christian Party), and Unión Republicana Democrática (URD), for the acceptance of the 1958 presidential elections, and the preservation of the new democratic regime.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Puntofijo Pact · See more »

Raúl Castro

Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz (born 3 June 1931) is a Cuban politician and leader who is currently serving as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, the most senior position in the Communist state, succeeding his brother Fidel Castro in April 2011.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Raúl Castro · See more »

Raúl Reyes

Luis Edgar Devia Silva (September 30, 1948 – March 1, 2008), better known by his nom de guerre Raúl Reyes, was a Secretariat member, spokesperson, and advisor to the Southern Bloc of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia–People's Army (FARC–EP).

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Raúl Reyes · See more »

Radical Cause

The Radical Cause (La Causa Radical, LCR), stylized as La Causa Я, is a working-class political party in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Radical Cause · See more »

Rafael Caldera

Rafael Antonio Caldera Rodríguez (24 January 1916 – 24 December 2009) was a Venezuelan politician who served as the 56th and 63rd President of Venezuela from 1969 to 1974 and again from 1994 to 1999.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Rafael Caldera · See more »

Rafael Correa

Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado (born 6 April 1963) is an Ecuadorian politician and economist who served as President of Ecuador from 2007 to 2017.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Rafael Correa · See more »

Ramón Carrizales

Ramón Alonso Carrizales Rengifo (born 8 November 1952 in Zaraza) is a Venezuelan politician who was Vice President of Venezuela from January 2008 to January 2010.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Ramón Carrizales · See more »

Rómulo Betancourt

Rómulo Ernesto Betancourt Bello (22 February 1908 – 28 September 1981), known as "The Father of Venezuelan Democracy", was the 47th and 54th President of Venezuela, serving from 1945 to 1948 and again from 1959 to 1964, as well as leader of Acción Democrática, Venezuela's dominant political party in the 20th century.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Rómulo Betancourt · See more »

Red Flag Party

Red Flag Party (in Spanish: Partido Bandera Roja) is a communist party in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Red Flag Party · See more »

Reporters Without Borders

Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Reporters Without Borders · See more »

Respiratory failure

Respiratory failure results from inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system, meaning that the arterial oxygen, carbon dioxide or both cannot be kept at normal levels.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Respiratory failure · See more »

Respiratory tract infection

Respiratory tract infection (RTI) refers to any of a number of infectious diseases involving the respiratory tract.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Respiratory tract infection · See more »

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia—Ejército del Pueblo, FARC–EP and FARC) was a guerrilla movement involved in the continuing Colombian armed conflict from 1964 to 2017.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia · See more »

Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200

The Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200 (Movimiento Bolivariano Revolucionario 200 or MBR-200) was the political and social movement that former Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez founded in 1982.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200 · See more »

Rory Carroll

Rory Carroll (born 1972) is an Irish journalist working for The Guardian who has reported from, among other locations, the Balkans, Afghanistan, Iraq and Latin America.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Rory Carroll · See more »

Sabaneta, Barinas

Sabaneta is a town in Venezuela's Barinas State.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Sabaneta, Barinas · See more »

Salvador Allende

Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens (26 June 1908 – 11 September 1973) was a Chilean physician and politician, known as the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Salvador Allende · See more »

Separation of powers

The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Separation of powers · See more »

September 11 attacks

The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and September 11 attacks · See more »

Sexual orientation

Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Sexual orientation · See more »

Shortages in Venezuela

Shortages in Venezuela have been prevalent following the enactment of price controls and other policies during the economic policy of the Hugo Chávez government.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Shortages in Venezuela · See more »

Simón Bolívar

Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar Palacios Ponte y Blanco (24 July 1783 – 17 December 1830), generally known as Simón Bolívar and also colloquially as El Libertador, was a Venezuelan military and political leader who played a leading role in the establishment of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Panama as sovereign states, independent of Spanish rule.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Simón Bolívar · See more »

Simón Rodríguez

Simón Rodríguez (October 28, 1769, Caracas, Venezuela – February 28, 1854, Amotape, Peru), known during his exile from Spanish America as Samuel Robinson, was a Venezuelan philosopher and educator, notably Simón Bolívar's tutor and mentor.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Simón Rodríguez · See more »

Social democracy

Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Social democracy · See more »

Social justice

Social justice is a concept of fair and just relations between the individual and society.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Social justice · See more »

Social market economy

The social market economy (SOME; soziale Marktwirtschaft), also called Rhine capitalism, is a socioeconomic model combining a free market capitalist economic system alongside social policies which establish both fair competition within the market and a welfare state.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Social market economy · See more »

Socialism of the 21st century

Socialism of the 21st century (socialismo del siglo XXI) is a political term used to describe the interpretation of socialist principles advocated first by German sociologist and political analyst Heinz Dieterich in 1996 and later by Latin American leaders like Hugo Chávez of Venezuela, Rafael Correa of Ecuador, Evo Morales of Bolivia and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Socialism of the 21st century · See more »

Solidarity

Solidarity is unity (as of a group or class) which produces or is based on unities of interests, objectives, standards, and sympathies.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Solidarity · See more »

Sony Pictures Television

Sony Pictures Television Inc. (or SPT) is an American television production and distribution studio founded in 2002 as the successor to Columbia TriStar Television.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Sony Pictures Television · See more »

South of the Border (2009 film)

South of the Border is a 2009 American documentary film directed by Oliver Stone.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and South of the Border (2009 film) · See more »

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Soviet Union · See more »

Spanish immigration to Venezuela

A Spanish Venezuelan is a Venezuelan citizen of Spanish origin or descent.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Spanish immigration to Venezuela · See more »

Special Period

The Special Period in Time of Peace (Período especial) in Cuba was an extended period of economic crisis that began in 1989 primarily due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and, by extension, the Comecon.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Special Period · See more »

State socialism

State socialism is a classification for any socialist political and economic perspective advocating state ownership of the means of production either as a temporary measure in the transition from capitalism to socialism, or as characteristic of socialism itself.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and State socialism · See more »

Stratfor

Stratfor is an American geopolitical intelligence platform and publisher founded in 1996 in Austin, Texas, by George Friedman, who was the company's chairman.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Stratfor · See more »

Structural inequality

Structural inequality is defined as a condition where one category of people are attributed an unequal status in relation to other categories of people.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Structural inequality · See more »

Syncretism

Syncretism is the combining of different beliefs, while blending practices of various schools of thought.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Syncretism · See more »

Tehran

Tehran (تهران) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Tehran · See more »

Telesur (TV channel)

Telesur (stylised as teleSUR) is a multi-state funded, Latin American terrestrial and satellite television network headquartered in Caracas, Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Telesur (TV channel) · See more »

The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and The Christian Science Monitor · See more »

The Daily Beast

The Daily Beast is an American news and opinion website focused on politics and pop culture.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and The Daily Beast · See more »

The Economist

The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and The Economist · See more »

The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and The Guardian · See more »

The Heritage Foundation

The Heritage Foundation (abbreviated to Heritage) is an American conservative public policy think tank based in Washington, D.C. The foundation took a leading role in the conservative movement during the presidency of Ronald Reagan, whose policies were taken from Heritage's policy study Mandate for Leadership.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and The Heritage Foundation · See more »

The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and The New York Times · See more »

The New Yorker

The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and The New Yorker · See more »

The Observer

The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and The Observer · See more »

The Wall Street Journal

The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and The Wall Street Journal · See more »

The Washington Post

The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and The Washington Post · See more »

Third World Quarterly

Third World Quarterly is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Routledge, established in 1979.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Third World Quarterly · See more »

Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Time (magazine) · See more »

Time 100

Time 100 (often written in all-caps as TIME 100) is an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world assembled by the American news magazine Time.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Time 100 · See more »

Time in Venezuela

Venezuela uses the UTC−04:00 time offset, and they had previously used UTC−04:30 from December 9, 2007 until April 30, 2016.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Time in Venezuela · See more »

Totalitarianism

Benito Mussolini Totalitarianism is a political concept where the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to control every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Totalitarianism · See more »

Transparency International

Transparency International e.V. (TI) is an international non-governmental organization which is based in Berlin, Germany, and was founded in 1993.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Transparency International · See more »

Trotskyism

Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Trotskyism · See more »

Twitter

Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Twitter · See more »

UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and UNESCO · See more »

Union of South American Nations

The Union of South American Nations (USAN; Unión de Naciones Suramericanas, UNASUR; União de Nações Sul-Americanas, UNASUL; Unie van Zuid-Amerikaanse Naties, UZAN; and sometimes referred to as the South American Union) is an intergovernmental regional organization comprising twelve South American countries.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Union of South American Nations · See more »

United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and United Nations · See more »

United Nations Convention against Torture

The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (commonly known as the United Nations Convention against Torture (UNCAT)) is an international human rights treaty, under the review of the United Nations, that aims to prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and United Nations Convention against Torture · See more »

United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, known as ECLAC, UNECLAC or in Spanish and Portuguese CEPAL, is a United Nations regional commission to encourage economic cooperation.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean · See more »

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC; French: Office des Nations unies contre la drogue et le crime) is a United Nations office that was established in 1997 as the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention by combining the United Nations International Drug Control Program (UNDCP) and the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division in the United Nations Office at Vienna.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime · See more »

United Socialist Party of Venezuela

The United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV) is a socialist political party in Venezuela which resulted from the fusion of some of the political and social forces that support the Bolivarian Revolution led by the late President Hugo Chávez.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and United Socialist Party of Venezuela · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and United States · See more »

United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and United States Department of State · See more »

United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and United States dollar · See more »

United States of Banana

United States of Banana is a 2011 postcolonial work of fiction by the Puerto Rican poet Giannina Braschi.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and United States of Banana · See more »

Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo

See also Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino The Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo (UASD) (Autonomous University of Santo Domingo) is the public university system in the Dominican Republic with its flagship campus in the Ciudad Universitaria of Santo Domingo and with regional campuses in many cities of the Republic.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo · See more »

University ARCIS

University of Art & Social Sciences (Universidad de Arte y Ciencias Sociales - UARCIS) is a private university in Chile.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and University ARCIS · See more »

University of Brasília

The University of Brasília (Universidade de Brasília, UnB) is a Brazilian public university funded by the Brazilian federal government.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and University of Brasília · See more »

University of Nebraska Press

The University of Nebraska Press, also known as UNP, was founded in 1941 and is an academic publisher of scholarly and general-interest books.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and University of Nebraska Press · See more »

University of Tripoli

The University of Tripoli (UOT) (Arabic: جامعة طرابلس), is the largest university in Libya and is located in the capital Tripoli.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and University of Tripoli · See more »

Univision

Univision is an American Spanish-language broadcast television network that is owned by Univision Communications.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Univision · See more »

Uppsala Conflict Data Program

The Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) is a data collection project on organized violence housed at Uppsala University in Sweden that has been collecting information on armed conflict since 1946 and making it publicly available through its annual report, States in Armed Conflict. Beginning in Since 2004, the constantly-updated UCDP is also publicly available.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Uppsala Conflict Data Program · See more »

Uppsala University

Uppsala University (Uppsala universitet) is a research university in Uppsala, Sweden, and is the oldest university in Sweden and all of the Nordic countries still in operation, founded in 1477.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Uppsala University · See more »

Uranium

Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Uranium · See more »

USA Today

USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and USA Today · See more »

Venezuela

Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuela · See more »

Venezuelan Army

The Venezuelan Army, officially the National Army of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Ejército Nacional de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is one of the six professional branches of the Armed Forces of the Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan Army · See more »

Venezuelan bolívar

The bolívar fuerte (sign: Bs.F. or Bs.; plural: bolívares fuertes; ISO 4217 code: VEF) has been the currency of Venezuela since 1 January 2008.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan bolívar · See more »

Venezuelan Communal Councils

In April 2006 the Government of Venezuela passed The Law of Communal Councils (consejos comunales) which empowers local citizens to form neighbourhood-based elected councils that initiate and oversee local policies and projects towards community development.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan Communal Councils · See more »

Venezuelan constitutional referendum, 2007

A constitutional referendum was held in Venezuela on 2 December 2007 to amend 69 articles of the 1999 Constitution.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan constitutional referendum, 2007 · See more »

Venezuelan constitutional referendum, 2009

The 2009 referendum was a vote in which the citizens of Venezuela approved Amendment No.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan constitutional referendum, 2009 · See more »

Venezuelan Federation of Chambers of Commerce

The Venezuelan Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Production (Spanish: Federación de Cámaras y Asociaciones de Comercio y Producción de Venezuela) or Fedecámaras is Venezuela's main business union.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan Federation of Chambers of Commerce · See more »

Venezuelan general election, 2000

General elections were held in Venezuela on 30 July 2000, the first under the country's newly adopted 1999 constitution.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan general election, 2000 · See more »

Venezuelan general strike of 2002–03

The Venezuelan general strike of 2002–2003, also known as the oil strike or oil lockout, was an attempt by the Venezuelan opposition to President Hugo Chávez to force a new presidential election.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan general strike of 2002–03 · See more »

Venezuelan National Guard

The Bolivarian National Guard of Venezuela (Guardia Nacional de Venezuela), also called the Armed Forces of Cooperation (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas de Cooperación), is one of the four components of the National Armed Forces of Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan National Guard · See more »

Venezuelan parliamentary election, 2015

Parliamentary elections were held in Venezuela on 6 December 2015 to elect the 164 deputies and three indigenous representatives of the National Assembly.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan parliamentary election, 2015 · See more »

Venezuelan presidential election, 1998

The Venezuelan presidential election of 1998, was held on 6 December 1998, to elect the new president of the country.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan presidential election, 1998 · See more »

Venezuelan presidential election, 2006

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela held presidential elections on 3 December 2006, to choose a president for the six-year term to begin on 10 January 2007.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan presidential election, 2006 · See more »

Venezuelan presidential election, 2012

The Venezuelan presidential election of 2012 was held on 7 October 2012 (referred by local media as 7-O) to choose a president for the six-year term beginning February 2013.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan presidential election, 2012 · See more »

Venezuelan presidential election, 2013

Presidential elections were held in Venezuela on 14 April 2013 following the death of President Hugo Chávez on 5 March 2013.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan presidential election, 2013 · See more »

Venezuelan recall referendum, 2004

The Venezuelan recall referendum of 15 August 2004 was a referendum to determine whether Hugo Chávez, then President of Venezuela, should be recalled from office.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelan recall referendum, 2004 · See more »

Venezuelanalysis

Venezuelanalysis.com is a left-leaning, pro-Bolivarian Revolution news website.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Venezuelanalysis · See more »

Villa del Cine

Fundación Villa del Cine (English: Cinema City or Cinemaville Newsweek. 24 October 2009. Also available at, with byline Mac Margolis, November 2009.) is a government-funded Venezuelan film and TV studio that was inaugurated on 3 June 2006 by Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez in the city of Guarenas, near the capital, Caracas.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Villa del Cine · See more »

Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Vladimir Lenin · See more »

Voice of America

Voice of America (VOA) is a U.S. government-funded international radio broadcast source that serves as the United States federal government's official institution for non-military, external broadcasting.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Voice of America · See more »

War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and War in Afghanistan (2001–present) · See more »

Washington Consensus

The Washington Consensus is a set of 10 economic policy prescriptions considered to constitute the "standard" reform package promoted for crisis-wracked developing countries by Washington, D.C.–based institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and United States Department of the Treasury.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Washington Consensus · See more »

WCBS-TV

WCBS-TV, channel 2, is the flagship station of the CBS television network, licensed to New York City.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and WCBS-TV · See more »

Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania

The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania (also known as The Wharton School or Wharton) is the business school of the University of Pennsylvania, a private Ivy League university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania · See more »

WikiLeaks

WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organisation that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media provided by anonymous sources.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and WikiLeaks · See more »

Women's rights

Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Women's rights · See more »

Workers' United Center of Chile

The Workers' United Center of Chile (Central Unitaria de Trabajadores de Chile, CUT) is a union federation in Chile.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Workers' United Center of Chile · See more »

World Bank

The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and World Bank · See more »

World Jewish Congress

The World Jewish Congress (WJC) was founded in Geneva, Switzerland, in August 1936 as an international federation of Jewish communities and organizations.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and World Jewish Congress · See more »

Yale University

Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Yale University · See more »

Yare Prison

Yare Prison (Spanish: Prisión de Yare; officially: Prison of San Francisco de Yare) is a prison in San Francisco de Yare, in the Simon Bolivar Municipality of Miranda State in Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Yare Prison · See more »

Yaruro people

Yaruro people (Pumé) are Circum-Caribbean tribe and indigenous people of Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Yaruro people · See more »

Zulia

Zulia State (Estado Zulia) is one of the 23 states of Venezuela.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and Zulia · See more »

1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts

The Venezuelan coup attempts of 1992 were attempts to seize control of the government of Venezuela by the Hugo Chávez-led Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and 1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts · See more »

1999 Constituent National Assembly

The Constituent National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional Constituyente) was a constitutional convention held in Venezuela in 1999 to draft a new Constitution of Venezuela, but the assembly also gave itself the role of a supreme power above all the existing institutions in the republic.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and 1999 Constituent National Assembly · See more »

9/11 conspiracy theories

There are many conspiracy theories that attribute the planning and execution of the September 11 attacks against the United States to parties other than, or in addition to, al-Qaeda including that there was advance knowledge of the attacks among high-level government officials.

New!!: Hugo Chávez and 9/11 conspiracy theories · See more »

Redirects here:

Chavez Chavismo, Chavez frias, Chávez, Hugo, Comandante Hugo, Hugo Chavez, Hugo Chavez Frias, Hugo Chaviz, Hugo Chávez Frias, Hugo Chávez Frías, Hugo Rafael Chavez, Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias, Hugo Rafael Chavez Friaz, Hugo Rafael Chàvez Fríaz, Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías, Hugo chaves, Hugo chavez, Hugo chavez frias, Hugo chávez, Hugo rafael chavez frias, Personal life of Hugo Chavez, Personal life of Hugo Chávez, Ugo Chavez.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugo_Chávez

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »