91 relations: Accent (sociolinguistics), Acoustic phonetics, Anger, Band-pass filter, Baritone, Bass (voice type), Belting (music), Cheek, Chest voice, Chromatic scale, Contralto, Countertenor, Crying, Dysphonia, Emotion, Epithelium, Evolution, Falsetto, Genetics, Happiness, Head voice, Histology of the vocal folds, Human, Human voice, Intelligibility (communication), Language, Larynx, Laughter, Linguistics, Lip, List of voice disorders, Lombard effect, Lung, Manner of articulation, Mezzo-soprano, Modal voice, Music, New Scientist, Nonverbal communication, Paralanguage, Phonation, Phonetics, Phonology, Pitch (music), Place of articulation, Project Gutenberg, Puberphonia, Publishing, Resonance, Scientific pitch notation, ..., Screaming, Singing, Soft palate, Soprano, Sound, Speaker recognition, Speech, Speech disorder, Speech organ, Speech synthesis, Speech-language pathology, Surprise (emotion), Tenor, Thyroarytenoid muscle, Thyroid, Timbre, Tone (linguistics), Tongue, Trachea, University College London, Vestibular fold, Vocal fold nodule, Vocal folds, Vocal fry register, Vocal loading, Vocal music, Vocal pedagogy, Vocal range, Vocal register, Vocal resonation, Vocal rest, Vocal tract, Vocal warm up, Vocology, Voice analysis, Voice frequency, Voice projection, Voice risk analysis, Voice type, Voicelessness, Whistle register. Expand index (41 more) » « Shrink index
In sociolinguistics, an accent is a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation.
Acoustic phonetics is a subfield of phonetics which deals with acoustic aspects of speech sounds.
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Anger or wrath is an intense emotional response.
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A band-pass filter is a device that passes frequencies within a certain range and rejects (attenuates) frequencies outside that range.
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A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types.
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A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.
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Belting (or vocal belting) is a specific technique of singing by which a singer brings their chest register above its natural passaggio (break) at a loud volume; instead, an alternative production is developed, often described and felt as supported and sustained yelling.
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Cheeks (buccae) constitute the area of the face below the eyes and between the nose and the left or right ear.
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Chest voice is a term used within vocal music.
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The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below another.
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A contralto is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range is the lowest female voice type.
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A countertenor is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is equivalent to that of the female contralto or mezzo-soprano voice types.
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Crying is the shedding of tears in response to an emotional state.
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Dysphonia is the medical term for disorders of the voice: an impairment in the ability to produce voice sounds using the vocal organs (it is distinct from dysarthria which signifies dysfunction in the muscles needed to produce speech).
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Emotion is, in everyday speech, a person's state of feeling in the sense of an affect.
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Epithelium (''epi-'' + ''thele'' + ''-ium'') is one of the four basic types of animal tissue.
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Evolution is change in the heritable traits of biological populations over successive generations.
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Falsetto (Italian diminutive of falso, "false") is the vocal register occupying the frequency range just above the modal voice register and overlapping with it by approximately one octave.
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Genetics is the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living organisms.
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Happiness, gladness or joy is a mental or emotional state of well-being defined by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy.
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In vocal music, head voice is one of two meanings as different vocal pedagogical circles differ on its meaning.
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Histology is the study of the minute structure, composition, and function of tissues.
Modern humans (Homo sapiens, primarily ssp. Homo sapiens sapiens) are the only extant members of the hominin clade (or human clade), a branch of the great apes; they are characterized by erect posture and bipedal locomotion, manual dexterity and increased tool use, and a general trend toward larger, more complex brains and societies.
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The voice consists of sound made by a human being using the vocal folds for talking, singing, laughing, crying, screaming etc.
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In speech communication, intelligibility is a measure of how comprehensible speech is in given conditions.
Language is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so, and a language is any specific example of such a system.
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The larynx (plural larynges; from the Greek λάρυγξ lárynx), commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the neck of amphibians, reptiles, and mammals involved in breathing, sound production, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration.
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Laughter is a physical reaction in humans and some other species of primate, consisting typically of rhythmical, often audible contractions of the diaphragm and other parts of the respiratory system.
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Linguistics is the scientific study of language.
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Lips are a visible body part at the mouth of humans and many animals.
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Voice disorders are medical conditions involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx and thereby affecting speech production.
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The lung is the essential respiratory organ in many air-breathing animals, including most tetrapods, a few fish and a few snails.
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In articulatory phonetics, the manner of articulation is the configuration and interaction of the articulators (speech organs such as the tongue, lips, and palate) when making a speech sound.
A mezzo-soprano or mezzo (meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types.
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Modal voice is the vocal register used most frequently in speech and singing in most languages.
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Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence.
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New Scientist is a UK-based weekly non-peer-reviewed English-language international science magazine, founded in 1956.
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Nonverbal communication between people is communication through sending and receiving wordless cues.
Paralanguage is a component of meta-communication that may modify or nuance meaning, or convey emotion, such as prosody, pitch, volume, intonation etc.
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The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics.
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Phonetics (pronounced, from the φωνή, phōnē, 'sound, voice') is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
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Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
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Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
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In articulatory phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (typically some part of the tongue), and a passive location (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).
Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".
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Puberphonia (also known as mutational falsetto or mutational chink) is the persistence of adolescent voice even after puberty.
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Publishing is the process of production and dissemination of literature, music, or information — the activity of making information available to the general public.
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In physics, resonance is a phenomenon that occurs when a given system is driven by another vibrating system or external force to oscillate with greater amplitude at a specific preferential frequency.
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Scientific pitch notation (or SPN, also known as American Standard Pitch Notation (ASPN) and International Pitch Notation (IPN)) is one of several methods that name the notes of the standard Western chromatic scale by combining a letter name, accidentals, and a number identifying the pitch's octave.
A shout, scream, yell, shriek, hoot, holler, vociferation, outcry, or bellow is a loud vocalisation in which air is passed through the vocal folds with greater force than is used in regular or close-distance vocalisation.
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Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, and augments regular speech by the use of both tonality and rhythm.
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The soft palate (also known as velum or muscular palate) is, in mammals, the soft tissue constituting the back of the roof of the mouth.
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A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.
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In physics, sound is a vibration that propagates as a typically audible mechanical wave of pressure and displacement, through a medium such as air or water.
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Speaker recognition is the identification of a person from characteristics of voices (voice biometrics).
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Speech is the vocalized form of human communication.
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Speech disorders or speech impediments are a type of communication disorder where 'normal' speech is disrupted.
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Speech organs produce the sounds of language.
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Speech Synthesis is the artificial production of human speech.
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Speech-language pathology is a field of expertise practiced by a clinician known as a Speech-language pathologist (SLP), also called speech and language therapist, or speech therapist, who specializes in the evaluation and treatment of communication disorders and swallowing disorders.
Surprise is a brief mental and physiological state, a startle response experienced by animals and humans as the result of an unexpected event.
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A tenor is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is one of the highest of the male voice types.
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The thyroarytenoid muscle is a broad, thin muscle that forms the body of the vocal fold and that supports the wall of the ventricle and its appendix.
The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, is one of the largest endocrine glands in the body, and consists of two connected lobes.
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In music, timbre also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics, is the quality of a musical note, sound, or tone that distinguishes different types of sound production, such as voices and musical instruments, string instruments, wind instruments, and percussion instruments.
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Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
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The tongue is a muscular hydrostat on the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates which manipulates food for mastication.
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The trachea, colloquially called windpipe, is a tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in almost all air-breathing animals with lungs.
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University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The vestibular fold (ventricular fold, superior or false vocal cord) is one of two thick folds of mucous membrane, each enclosing a narrow band of fibrous tissue, the vestibular ligament, which is attached in front to the angle of the thyroid cartilage immediately below the attachment of the epiglottis, and behind to the antero-lateral surface of the arytenoid cartilage, a short distance above the vocal process.
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A vocal fold nodule is a mass of tissue that grows on a vocal fold.
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The vocal folds, also known commonly as vocal cords or voice reeds, are composed of twin infoldings of mucous membrane stretched horizontally, from back to front, across the larynx.
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The vocal fry register (also known as pulse register, laryngealisation, pulse phonation, creak, croak, popcorning, glottal fry, glottal rattle, glottal scrape, or strohbass) is the lowest vocal register and is produced through a loose glottal closure which will permit air to bubble through slowly with a popping or rattling sound of a very low frequency.
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Vocal loading is the stress inflicted on the speech organs when speaking for long periods.
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Vocal music is a genre of music performed by one or more singers, with or without instrumental accompaniment (a cappella), in which singing (i.e. vocal performance) provides the main focus of the piece.
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Vocal pedagogy is the study of the art and science of voice instruction.
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Vocal range is the measure of the breadth of pitches that a human voice can phonate.
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A vocal register is a range of tones in the human voice produced by a particular vibratory pattern of the vocal folds.
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McKinney defines vocal resonance as "the process by which the basic product of phonation is enhanced in timbre and/or intensity by the air-filled cavities through which it passes on its way to the outside air." Throughout the vocal literature, various terms related to resonation are used, including: amplification, enrichment, enlargement, improvement, intensification, and prolongation.
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Vocal rest or voice rest is the process of resting the vocal folds by not speaking and singing typically following viral infections that cause hoarseness in the voice, such as the common cold or influenza or more serious vocal disorders such as chorditis or laryngitis.
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The vocal tract is the cavity in human beings and in animals where sound that is produced at the sound source (larynx in mammals; syrinx in birds) is filtered.
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A vocal warm-up is a series of exercises that prepare the voice for singing, acting, or other use.
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Vocology is the science and practice of vocal habilitation.
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Voice analysis is the study of speech sounds for purposes other than linguistic content, such as in speech recognition.
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A voice frequency (VF) or voice band is one of the frequencies, within part of the audio range, that is used for the transmission of speech.
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Voice projection is the strength of speaking or singing whereby the voice is used loudly and clearly.
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Voice Risk Analysis or VRA, not to be confused with Voice Stress Analysis (VSA), is a technology used by financial services companies, governments and law enforcement agencies as a lie detection tool.
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A voice type is a particular human singing voice identified as having certain qualities or characteristics of vocal range, vocal weight, tessitura, vocal timbre, and vocal transition points (passaggio), such as breaks and lifts within the voice.
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In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.
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The whistle register (also called the flageolet or flute register or whistle tone) is the highest register of the human voice, lying above the modal register and falsetto register.
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