99 relations: Accent (sociolinguistics), Acoustic phonetics, Anger, Band-pass filter, Baritone, Bass (voice type), Belting (music), Cheek, Chest voice, Chromatic scale, Click consonant, Consonant, Contralto, Countertenor, Crying, Emotion, Epithelium, Evolution, Falsetto, Fear, Formant, Genetics, Happiness, Head voice, Histology of the vocal folds, Hoarse voice, Human, Intelligibility (communication), Language, Larynx, Laughter, Linguistics, Lip, List of voice disorders, Lombard effect, Lung, Manner of articulation, Mezzo-soprano, Modal voice, Music, New Scientist, Nonverbal communication, Paralanguage, Phonation, Phonetics, Phonology, Pitch (music), Place of articulation, Project Gutenberg, Puberphonia, ..., Resonance, Scientific pitch notation, Screaming, Singing, Soft palate, Soprano, Sound, Speaker recognition, Speech, Speech disorder, Speech organ, Speech synthesis, Speech-language pathology, Springer Science+Business Media, Surprise (emotion), Tenor, Thyroarytenoid muscle, Thyroid, Timbre, Tone (linguistics), Tongue, Trachea, University College London, Vestibular fold, Vocal fold nodule, Vocal folds, Vocal fry register, Vocal loading, Vocal music, Vocal pedagogy, Vocal range, Vocal register, Vocal resonation, Vocal rest, Vocal tract, Vocal warm up, Vocology, Voice (phonetics), Voice analysis, Voice frequency, Voice projection, Voice stress analysis, Voice type, Voice vote, Voicelessness, Voicing (music), Whispering, Whistle register, Whistling. Expand index (49 more) » « Shrink index
In sociolinguistics, an accent is a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation.
Acoustic phonetics is a subfield of phonetics, which deals with acoustic aspects of speech sounds.
Anger or wrath is an intense negative emotion.
A band-pass filter, also bandpass filter or BPF, is a device that passes frequencies within a certain range and rejects (attenuates) frequencies outside that range.
A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types.
A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.
Belting (or vocal belting) is a specific technique of singing by which a singer mixes in the proper proportions, their lower and upper resonances; resulting a sound that resembles yelling but is actually a controlled, sustained phonation.
Cheeks (buccae) constitute the area of the face below the eyes and between the nose and the left or right ear.
Chest voice is a term used within vocal music.
The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below its adjacent pitches.
Click consonants, or clicks, are speech sounds that occur as consonants in many languages of Southern Africa and in three languages of East Africa.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
A contralto is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range is the lowest female voice type.
A countertenor (also contra tenor) is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is equivalent to that of the female contralto or mezzo-soprano voice types, generally extending from around G3 to D5 or E5, although a sopranist (a specific kind of countertenor) may match the soprano's range of around C4 to C6.
Crying is the shedding of tears (or welling of tears in the eyes) in response to an emotional state, pain or a physical irritation of the eye.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
Falsetto (Italian diminutive of falso, "false") is the vocal register occupying the frequency range just above the modal voice register and overlapping with it by approximately one octave.
Fear is a feeling induced by perceived danger or threat that occurs in certain types of organisms, which causes a change in metabolic and organ functions and ultimately a change in behavior, such as fleeing, hiding, or freezing from perceived traumatic events.
A formant, as defined by James Jeans, is a harmonic of a note that is augmented by a resonance.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
In psychology, happiness is a mental or emotional state of well-being which can be defined by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy.
In vocal music, the head voice, depending on vocal pedagogy, is a particular part of the vocal range, or type of vocal register, or a vocal resonance area.
Histology is the study of the minute structure, composition, and function of tissues.
A hoarse voice, also known as hoarseness or dysphonia, is when the voice involuntarily sounds breathy, raspy, or strained, or is softer in volume or lower in pitch.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
In speech communication, intelligibility is a measure of how comprehensible speech is in given conditions.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
The larynx, commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the top of the neck of tetrapods involved in breathing, producing sound, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration.
Laughter is a physical reaction in humans consisting typically of rhythmical, often audible contractions of the diaphragm and other parts of the respiratory system.
Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and involves an analysis of language form, language meaning, and language in context.
Lips are a visible body part at the mouth of humans and many animals.
Voice disorders are medical conditions involving abnormal pitch, loudness or quality of the sound produced by the larynx and thereby affecting speech production.
The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails.
In articulatory phonetics, the manner of articulation is the configuration and interaction of the articulators (speech organs such as the tongue, lips, and palate) when making a speech sound.
A mezzo-soprano or mezzo (meaning "half soprano") is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range lies between the soprano and the contralto voice types.
Modal voice is the vocal register used most frequently in speech and singing in most languages.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
Nonverbal communication (NVC) between people is communication through sending and receiving wordless cues.
Paralanguage is a component of meta-communication that may modify meaning, give nuanced meaning, or convey emotion, such as prosody, pitch, volume, intonation, etc.
The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics.
Phonetics (pronounced) is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.
In articulatory phonetics, the place of articulation (also point of articulation) of a consonant is the point of contact where an obstruction occurs in the vocal tract between an articulatory gesture, an active articulator (typically some part of the tongue), and a passive location (typically some part of the roof of the mouth).
Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".
Puberphonia (also known as mutational falsetto or functional falsetto) is a type of voice disorder characterized by the habitual use of a high-pitched voice after puberty.
In physics, resonance is a phenomenon in which a vibrating system or external force drives another system to oscillate with greater amplitude at specific frequencies.
Scientific pitch notation (or SPN, also known as American Standard Pitch Notation (ASPN) and International Pitch Notation (IPN)) is a method of specifying musical pitch by combining a musical note name (with accidental if needed) and a number identifying the pitch's octave.
A scream, shout, yell, shriek, hoot, holler, vociferation, outcry, bellow, or raising one's voice is a loud vocalization in which air is passed through the vocal folds with greater force than is used in regular or close-distance vocalisation.
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, rhythm, and a variety of vocal techniques.
The soft palate (also known as the velum or muscular palate) is, in mammals, the soft tissue constituting the back of the roof of the mouth.
A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.
In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.
Speaker recognition is the identification of a person from characteristics of voices (voice biometrics).
Speech is the vocalized form of communication used by humans and some animals, which is based upon the syntactic combination of items drawn from the lexicon.
Speech disorders or speech impediments are a type of communication disorder where 'normal' speech is disrupted.
Speech organs or articulators, produce the sounds of language.
Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech.
Speech-language pathology is a field of expertise practiced by a clinician known as a speech-language pathologist (SLP), also sometimes referred to as a speech and language therapist or a speech therapist. SLP is considered a "related health profession" along with audiology, optometry, occupational therapy, clinical psychology, physical therapy, and others.
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
Surprise is a brief mental and physiological state, a startle response experienced by animals and humans as the result of an unexpected event.
Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.
The thyroarytenoid muscle is a broad, thin muscle that forms the body of the vocal fold and that supports the wall of the ventricle and its appendix.
The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid, is an endocrine gland in the neck, consisting of two lobes connected by an isthmus.
In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.
Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth of most vertebrates that manipulates food for mastication, and is used in the act of swallowing.
The trachea, colloquially called the windpipe, is a cartilaginous tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in almost all air-breathing animals with lungs.
University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.
The vestibular fold (ventricular fold, superior or false vocal cord) is one of two thick folds of mucous membrane, each enclosing a narrow band of fibrous tissue, the vestibular ligament, which is attached in front to the angle of the thyroid cartilage immediately below the attachment of the epiglottis, and behind to the antero-lateral surface of the arytenoid cartilage, a short distance above the vocal process.
Vocal fold nodules are bilaterally symmetrical benign white masses that form at the midpoint of the vocal folds.
The vocal folds, also known commonly as vocal cords or voice reeds, are composed of twin infoldings of mucous membrane stretched horizontally, from back to front, across the larynx.
The vocal fry register (also known as pulse register, laryngealization, pulse phonation, creak, croak, popcorning, glottal fry, glottal rattle, glottal scrape, or strohbass) is the lowest vocal register and is produced through a loose glottal closure that permits air to bubble through slowly with a popping or rattling sound of a very low frequency.
Vocal loading is the stress inflicted on the speech organs when speaking for long periods.
Vocal music is a type of music performed by one or more singers, either with instrumental accompaniment, or without instrumental accompaniment (a cappella), in which singing provides the main focus of the piece.
Vocal pedagogy is the study of the art and science of voice instruction.
Vocal range is the measure of the breadth of pitches that a human voice can phonate.
A vocal register is a range of tones in the human voice produced by a particular vibratory pattern of the vocal folds.
McKinney defines vocal resonance as "the process by which the basic product of phonation is enhanced in timbre and/or intensity by the air-filled cavities through which it passes on its way to the outside air." Throughout the vocal literature, various terms related to resonation are used, including: amplification, filtering, enrichment, enlargement, improvement, intensification, and prolongation.
Vocal rest or voice rest is the process of resting the vocal folds by not speaking and singing typically following viral infections that cause hoarseness in the voice, such as the common cold or influenza or more serious vocal disorders such as chorditis or laryngitis.
The vocal tract is the cavity in human beings and in animals where the sound produced at the sound source (larynx in mammals; syrinx in birds) is filtered.
A vocal warm-up is a series of exercises that prepare the voice for singing, acting, or other use.
Vocology is the science and practice of vocal habilitation.
Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).
Voice analysis is the study of speech sounds for purposes other than linguistic content, such as in speech recognition.
A voice frequency (VF) or voice band is one of the frequencies, within part of the audio range, that is being used for the transmission of speech.
Voice projection is the strength of speaking or singing whereby the voice is used loudly and clearly.
Voice stress analysis (VSA) and computer voice stress analysis (CVSA) are collectively a pseudoscientific technology that aims to infer deception from stress measured in the voice.
A voice type classifies a singing voice by vocal range, vocal weight, tessitura, vocal timbre, vocal transition points (passaggia) like breaks and lifts, and vocal register.
In parliamentary procedure, a voice vote (or viva voce, from the Latin, "live voice") is a voting method in deliberative assemblies (such as legislatures) in which a vote is taken on a topic or motion by responding orally.
In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.
In music theory, voicing refers to either of the two closely related concepts of.
Whispering is an unvoiced mode of phonation in which the vocal folds (vocal cords) are abducted so that they do not vibrate; air passes between the arytenoid cartilages to create audible turbulence during speech.
The whistle register (also called the flute register or whistle tone) is the highest register of the human voice, lying above the modal register and falsetto register.
Whistling without the use of an artificial whistle is achieved by creating a small opening with one's lips and then blowing or sucking air through the hole.