142 relations: Abu Bishr Matta ibn Yunus, Affect (psychology), Afghanistan, Ageing, Al-Farabi, Ambiguity, American English, Amusement, Amygdala, Ancient Greece, Anxiety, Arabic, Arabic literature, Aristotle, Arthur Schopenhauer, Averroes, Avicenna, BBC News, Bharata Muni, Bhava, Brazil, British English, British humour, Broaden-and-build, Cerebral cortex, Cognitive reframing, Comedy, Comic timing, Confucianism, Contradiction, Coping (psychology), Creativity, Culture, Deadpan, Dopaminergic pathways, E. B. White, Early Islamic philosophy, Education, Emotion, English language, Ethnography, Farce, Feng Menglong, Form-versus-content humour, Four temperaments, Framing (social sciences), Frontal lobe, Fun, Funny Business (TV series), Ge You, ..., Gelotology, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German language, Germany, Guo Degang, Happiness, Human potential, Humor styles, Humorism, Humour in translation, Hyperbole, Indian aesthetics, Indian classical drama, Intelligence, Irony, Islamic Golden Age, Lao She, Latin, Latin translations of the 12th century, Laughter, Lin Yutang, List of humorists, Loanword, Location, Lord Flea, Lu Xun, Major depressive disorder, Malaysia, Maturity (psychological), McMaster University, Meaning (linguistics), Medieval literature, Mental health, Mento, Metaphor, Misdirection (magic), Mood (psychology), Morale, Motivation, Mysticism, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Natya Shastra, Nursing home care, Observational comedy, Paradox, Peter McGraw, Philebus, Physical attractiveness, Plato, Play (activity), Poetics (Aristotle), Positive psychology, Psychology, Pun, Punch and Judy, Qian Zhongshu, Rasa (aesthetics), Raymond Smullyan, Reality, Reward system, Ridiculous, Rowan Atkinson, Salience (neuroscience), Sarcasm, Satire, Self-esteem, Self-hatred, Sex, Sitcom, Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being, Slapstick, Sociology, Socrates, Stress (biology), Surprise (emotion), Surreal humour, Taste (sociology), Theatre of ancient Greece, Theories of humor, This Book Needs No Title, Tibet, Tom and Jerry, Undoing (psychology), University of Pennsylvania Press, Visual gag, Wang Shuo, Wang Xiaobo, Well-being, West Indian, Wit, Wu Jingzi, Zhou Libo (comedian). Expand index (92 more) » « Shrink index
Abū Bishr Mattā b. Yūnus al-Qunnāʾī (ﺍﺑﻮ ﺑﺸﺮ ﻣﺘﺎ ﺑﻦ ﻳﻮﻧﺲ ﺍﻟﻘﻨﺎﻱء; c. 870-20 June 940) was a Christian philosopher who played an important role in the transmission of the works of Aristotle to the Islamic world.
Affect is a concept used in psychology to describe the experience of feeling or emotion.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Ageing or aging (see spelling differences) is the process of becoming older.
Al-Farabi (known in the West as Alpharabius; c. 872 – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951) was a renowned philosopher and jurist who wrote in the fields of political philosophy, metaphysics, ethics and logic.
Ambiguity is a type of meaning in which several interpretations are plausible.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
Amusement, from the old French à muser – to put into a stupid stare, is the state of experiencing humorous and entertaining events or situations while the person or animal actively maintains the experience, and is associated with enjoyment, happiness, laughter and pleasure.
The amygdala (plural: amygdalae; also corpus amygdaloideum; Latin from Greek, ἀμυγδαλή, amygdalē, 'Almond', 'tonsil') is one of two almond-shaped groups of nuclei located deep and medially within the temporal lobes of the brain in complex vertebrates, including humans.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviour such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Arabic literature (الأدب العربي / ALA-LC: al-Adab al-‘Arabī) is the writing, both prose and poetry, produced by writers in the Arabic language.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Arthur Schopenhauer (22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher.
Ibn Rushd (ابن رشد; full name; 1126 – 11 December 1198), often Latinized as Averroes, was an Andalusian philosopher and thinker who wrote about many subjects, including philosophy, theology, medicine, astronomy, physics, Islamic jurisprudence and law, and linguistics.
Avicenna (also Ibn Sīnā or Abu Ali Sina; ابن سینا; – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant physicians, astronomers, thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Bharata Muni was an ancient Indian theatrologist and musicologist who wrote the Natya Shastra, a theoretical treatise on ancient Indian dramaturgy and histrionics, especially Sanskrit theatre.
The Sanskrit word "bhāva" (भाव) means "emotion, sentiment, state of body or mind, disposition and character", while "bhava" (भव) means "being, worldly existence, becoming, birth, be, production, origin".
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
British humour is shaped by the relative stability of British society and carries a strong element of satire aimed at "the absurdity of everyday life".
The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions suggests that positive emotions (viz. enjoyment/happiness/joy, and perhaps interest/anticipation) broaden one's awareness and encourage novel, varied, and exploratory thoughts and actions.
The cerebral cortex is the largest region of the cerebrum in the mammalian brain and plays a key role in memory, attention, perception, cognition, awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.
Cognitive reframing is a psychological technique that consists of identifying and then disputing irrational or maladaptive thoughts.
In a modern sense, comedy (from the κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, stand-up comedy, or any other medium of entertainment.
Comic timing is the use of rhythm, tempo, and pausing to enhance comedy and humour.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
In classical logic, a contradiction consists of a logical incompatibility between two or more propositions.
Coping is the conscious effort to reduce stress.
Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Deadpan, dry humor or dry wit describes the deliberate display of a lack of or no emotion, commonly as a form of comedic delivery to contrast with the ridiculousness of the subject matter.
Dopaminergic pathways, sometimes called dopaminergic projections, are the sets of projection neurons in the brain that synthesize and release the neurotransmitter dopamine.
Elwyn Brooks White (July 11, 1899 – October 1, 1985) was an American writer and a world federalist.
Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar (early 9th century CE) and lasting until the 6th century AH (late 12th century CE).
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos "folk, people, nation" and γράφω grapho "I write") is the systematic study of people and cultures.
In theatre, a farce is a comedy that aims at entertaining the audience through situations that are highly exaggerated, extravagant, and thus improbable.
Feng Menglong (1574–1646) was a Chinese vernacular writer and poet of the late Ming Dynasty.
Form-versus-content humour is a type of humour in an incongruity between a statement's content and the way it is communicated makes it humorous.
The Four temperament theory is a proto-psychological theory that suggests that there are four fundamental personality types: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic.
In the social sciences, framing comprises a set of concepts and theoretical perspectives on how individuals, groups, and societies, organize, perceive, and communicate about reality.
The frontal lobe, located at the front of the brain, is the largest of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the mammalian brain.
Fun is the enjoyment of pleasure, particularly in leisure activities.
Funny Business: A Lecture by Rowan Atkinson M.Sc.
Ge You (born April 19, 1957) is a Chinese actor.
Gelotology (from the Greek γέλως gelos "laughter") is the study of laughter and its effects on the body, from a psychological and physiological perspective.
Georg Christoph Lichtenberg (1 July 1742 – 24 February 1799) was a German physicist, satirist, and Anglophile.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Guo Degang is a Chinese comedian and xiangsheng actor.
In psychology, happiness is a mental or emotional state of well-being which can be defined by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy.
Human potential may refer to.
Humor styles are a topic of research in the field of personality psychology related to the ways in which individuals differ in their use of humor in everyday life.
Humorism, or humoralism, was a system of medicine detailing the makeup and workings of the human body, adopted by Ancient Greek and Roman physicians and philosophers, positing that an excess or deficiency of any of four distinct bodily fluids in a person—known as humors or humours—directly influences their temperament and health.
Humour in translation can be caused by translation errors, because of irregularities and discrepancies between certain items that translators attempt to translate.
Hyperbole (ὑπερβολή, huperbolḗ, from ὑπέρ (hupér, "above") and βάλλω (bállō, "I throw")) is the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech.
Indian art evolved with an emphasis on inducing special spiritual or philosophical states in the audience, or with representing them symbolically.
The term Indian classical drama refers to the tradition of dramatic literature and performance in ancient India.
Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving.
Irony, in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what appears, on the surface, to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case.
The Islamic Golden Age is the era in the history of Islam, traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 14th century, during which much of the historically Islamic world was ruled by various caliphates, and science, economic development and cultural works flourished.
Shu Qingchun (3 February 189924 August 1966), courtesy name Sheyu, best known by his pen name Lao She, was a Chinese novelist and dramatist.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin translations of the 12th century were spurred by a major search by European scholars for new learning unavailable in western Europe at the time; their search led them to areas of southern Europe, particularly in central Spain and Sicily, which recently had come under Christian rule following their reconquest in the late 11th century.
Laughter is a physical reaction in humans consisting typically of rhythmical, often audible contractions of the diaphragm and other parts of the respiratory system.
Lin Yutang (October 10, 1895 – March 26, 1976) was a Chinese writer, translator, linguist, philosopher and inventor.
A humorist (US; British humourist) is an intellectual who uses humor in writing or public speaking.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
The terms location and place in geography are used to identify a point or an area on the Earth's surface or elsewhere.
Lord Flea was the stage name of Norman Byfield Thomas (1931/32 or 1933/34Some sources, including contemporary sources, give his age at death as 27, and others as 25. His daughter, quoted in 2004, gave his age as 27, but in 2008 gave it as 25. – 18 May 1959), a Jamaican mento musician credited with "helping start the calypso craze in U.S." With his band The Calypsonians, Flea toured America throughout the late 1950s, and released an album on the Capitol label.
Lu Xun (Wade–Giles romanisation: Lu Hsün) was the pen name of Zhou Shuren (25 September 1881 – 19 October 1936), a leading figure of modern Chinese literature.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
In psychology, maturity is the ability to respond to the environment in an appropriate manner.
McMaster University (commonly referred to as McMaster or Mac) is a public research university in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
In linguistics, meaning is the information or concepts that a sender intends to convey, or does convey, in communication with a receiver.
Medieval literature is a broad subject, encompassing essentially all written works available in Europe and beyond during the Middle Ages (that is, the one thousand years from the fall of the Western Roman Empire ca. AD 500 to the beginning of the Florentine Renaissance in the late 15th century).
Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness.
Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect.
Misdirection is a form of deception in which the attention of an audience is focused on one thing in order to distract its attention from another.
In psychology, a mood is an emotional state.
Morale, also known as esprit de corps, is the capacity of a group's members to maintain belief in an institution or goal, particularly in the face of opposition or hardship.
Motivation is the reason for people's actions, desires, and needs.
Mysticism is the practice of religious ecstasies (religious experiences during alternate states of consciousness), together with whatever ideologies, ethics, rites, myths, legends, and magic may be related to them.
Nature Reviews Neuroscience is a leading review journal with one of the highest impact factors covering neuroscience, in particular.
The Nāṭya Śāstra (Sanskrit: नाट्य शास्त्र, Nāṭyaśāstra) is a Sanskrit Hindu text on the performing arts.
Nursing homes are a type of residential care that provide around-the-clock nursing care for elderly people.
Observational comedy is a form of humor based on the commonplace aspects of everyday life.
A paradox is a statement that, despite apparently sound reasoning from true premises, leads to an apparently self-contradictory or logically unacceptable conclusion.
The Philebus (occasionally given as Philebos; Greek: Φίληβος), is one of the surviving Socratic dialogues written in the 4th century BC by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato.
Physical attractiveness is the degree to which a person's physical features are considered aesthetically pleasing or beautiful.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
In psychology and ethology, play is a range of voluntary, intrinsically motivated activities normally associated with recreational pleasure and enjoyment.
Aristotle's Poetics (Περὶ ποιητικῆς; De Poetica; c. 335 BCDukore (1974, 31).) is the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory and first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory in the West.
Positive psychology is "the scientific study of what makes life most worth living",Christopher Peterson (2008), or "the scientific study of positive human functioning and flourishing on multiple levels that include the biological, personal, relational, institutional, cultural, and global dimensions of life".
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
The pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.
Punch and Judy is a traditional, popular, and usually violent puppet show featuring Pulcinella (Mr. Punch) and his wife Judy.
Qian Zhongshu (November 21, 1910 – December 19, 1998) was a Chinese literary scholar and writer, known for his wit and erudition.
A rasa (रस, രാസ്യം.) literally means "juice, essence or taste".
Raymond Merrill Smullyan (May 25, 1919 – February 6, 2017) was an American mathematician, magician, concert pianist, logician, Taoist, and philosopher.
Reality is all of physical existence, as opposed to that which is merely imaginary.
The reward system is a group of neural structures responsible for incentive salience (i.e., motivation and "wanting", desire, or craving for a reward), associative learning (primarily positive reinforcement and classical conditioning), and positive emotions, particularly ones which involve pleasure as a core component (e.g., joy, euphoria and ecstasy).
To be ridiculous is to be something which is highly incongruous or inferior, sometimes deliberately so to make people laugh or get their attention, and sometimes unintendedly so as to be considered laughable and earn or provoke ridicule and derision.
Rowan Sebastian Atkinson, CBE (born 6 January 1955) is an English actor, comedian, and screenwriter best known for his work on the sitcoms Blackadder and Mr. Bean.
The salience (also called saliency) of an item – be it an object, a person, a pixel, etc.
Sarcasm is "a sharp, bitter, or cutting expression or remark; a bitter gibe or taunt".
Satire is a genre of literature, and sometimes graphic and performing arts, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement.
Self-esteem reflects an individual's overall subjective emotional evaluation of his or her own worth.
Self-hatred (also called self loathing) refers to an extreme dislike or hatred of oneself, or being angry at or even prejudiced against oneself.
Organisms of many species are specialized into male and female varieties, each known as a sex. Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent.
A sitcom, short for "situation comedy", is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode.
The Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being is a theory developed by Carol Ryff which determines six factors which contribute to an individual's psychological well-being, contentment, and happiness.
Slapstick is a style of humor involving exaggerated physical activity which exceeds the boundaries of normal physical comedy.
Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
Socrates (Sōkrátēs,; – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.
Physiological or biological stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition.
Surprise is a brief mental and physiological state, a startle response experienced by animals and humans as the result of an unexpected event.
Surreal humour (also known as absurdist humour), or surreal comedy, is a form of humour predicated on deliberate violations of causal reasoning, producing events and behaviours that are obviously illogical.
In sociology, taste is an individual's personal and cultural patterns of choice and preference.
The ancient Greek drama was a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece from c. 700 BC.
There are many theories of humor which attempt to explain what humor is, what social functions it serves, and what would be considered humorous.
This Book Needs No Title: A Budget of Living Paradoxes is a 1980 collection of essays about logic, paradoxes, and philosophy, by Raymond Smullyan.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
Tom and Jerry is an American animated series of short films created in 1940 by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera.
Undoing is a defense mechanism in which a person tries to 'undo' an unhealthy, destructive or otherwise threatening thought or action by engaging in contrary behavior.
The University of Pennsylvania Press (or Penn Press) is a university press affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
In comedy, a visual gag or sight gag is anything which conveys its humour visually, often without words being used at all.
Wang Shuo (born August 23, 1958) is a Chinese author, director, actor, and cultural icon.
Wang Xiaobo (May 13, 1952 – April 11, 1997) was a renowned contemporary Chinese novelist and essayist from Beijing.
Well-being, wellbeing, or wellness is a general term for the condition of an individual or group.
A West Indian is a native or inhabitant of the West Indies (the Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago).
Wit is a form of intelligent humour, the ability to say or write things that are clever and usually funny.
Wu Jingzi (1701—January 11, 1754) was a Chinese scholar and writer who was born in the city now known as Quanjiao, Anhui and who died in Yangzhou, Jiangsu.
Zhou Libo (born on April 22, 1967, in Shanghai) is a Chinese stand-up comedian, television actor and host.
Comedy technique, Facetious, Facetiously, Facetiousness, Funniness, Funny, Hilarious, Hilariously, Hilarity, Hillarious, Humor, Humor (funny), Humor studies, Humor study, Humoristic, Humorous, Humour sense, Humourous, Nerd humour, Sense of Humour, Sense of humor, Sense of humour.