147 relations: Administrative division, Anglo-Saxons, Attundaland, Baltimore County, Maryland, Barony, Barony (Ireland), Beltisloe, Bermuda Hundred, Virginia, Bokmål, Canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden, Cantref, Carroll County, Maryland, Chiltern Hundreds, Christianization, Coaching inn, Common law, County court, County Durham, County of Cumberland, New South Wales, Crown Estate, Cumberland, Danelaw, Delaware, Denmark, Derbyshire, Devon, District court, Districts of England, Domesday Book, East Riding of Yorkshire, Edmund I, Electoral district, England, Estonia, Estonian language, Exchequer, Feudalism, Finland, Fjärdhundraland, Flowerdew Hundred Plantation, Frankpledge, Frederick County, Maryland, Freehold (law), Gau (territory), Germanic peoples, Helen Cam, Henry de Bracton, Heradsbygd, Hide (unit), Highway district, ..., Hundred Rolls, Hundreds of Denmark, Jamestown, Virginia, Kent, Knight, Krødsherad, Kvam, Land Ordinance of 1785, Lands administrative divisions of South Australia, Lathe (county subdivision), Legal fiction, Leicestershire, Leidang, Lensmann, Library of Congress, Lincolnshire, List of hundreds of Delaware, List of hundreds of England and Wales, List of hundreds of Sweden, Local Government Act 1894, Lord of the manor, Loveden, Manorialism, Martin's Hundred, Maryland, Mattapony, Mercia, Moot hall, Municipalities of Finland, New Jersey, Norman conquest of England, Norrland, Northamptonshire, Northern Crusades, Northern Territory, Norway, Nottinghamshire, Nynorsk, Old English, Old High German, Oxford English Dictionary, Parish (administrative division), Pennsylvania, Petty session, Poor law union, Prerogative, Proto-Germanic language, Proto-Norse language, Public Land Survey System, Rape (county subdivision), Reeve (England), Resignation from the British House of Commons, Riding (country subdivision), Riksdag of the Estates, Riot (Damages) Act 1886, Roslagen, Rural dean, Rural district, Rutland, Sanitary district, Satakunta, Sheriff, Shire, Shirley Plantation, Socken, South Australia, Southern Schleswig, Stagecoach, Steward (office), Survey township, Sussex, Suzerainty, Svealand, Sweden, Swedish language, Sydney, System of measurement, Tacitus, The Midlands, Thing (assembly), Thomas Jefferson, Tithing, Tiundaland, Tourn, Townland, Ulvik, United Kingdom constituencies, United States, Urban district (Great Britain and Ireland), Virginia, Wales, Ward (electoral subdivision), Welsh law, Wessex, Westmorland, Yorkshire, 19th century. Expand index (97 more) » « Shrink index
An administrative division, unit, entity, area or region, also referred to as a subnational entity, statoid, constituent unit, or country subdivision, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
Attundaland (or the land of the eight hundreds) was the name given to the southeastern part of the present day province of Uppland, north of Stockholm.
Baltimore County is located in the U.S. state of Maryland.
A modern geographic barony, in Scotland, Ireland and outlying parts of England, constitutes an administrative division of a country, usually of lower rank and importance than a county.
In Ireland, a barony (barúntacht, plural barúntachtaí) is a historical subdivision of a county, analogous to the hundreds into which the counties of England were divided.
Beltisloe is a Deanery of the Diocese of Lincoln in England, and a former Wapentake.
Bermuda Hundred was the first incorporated town in the English colony of Virginia.
Bokmål (literally "book tongue") is an official written standard for the Norwegian language, alongside Nynorsk.
The canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden (in English sometimes Appenzell Inner-Rhodes) is the smallest canton of Switzerland by population and the second smallest by area, with canton of Basel-City being the smallest.
A cantref (plural cantrefi) was a medieval Welsh land division, particularly important in the administration of Welsh law.
Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland.
The Chiltern Hundreds is an ancient administrative area in Buckinghamshire, England, composed of three "hundreds" and lying partially within the Chiltern Hills.
Christianization (or Christianisation) is the conversion of individuals to Christianity or the conversion of entire groups at once.
The coaching inn (also coaching house or staging inn) was a vital part of Europe's inland transport infrastructure until the development of the railway, providing a resting point for people and horses.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
A county court is a court based in or with a jurisdiction covering one or more counties, which are administrative divisions (subnational entities) within a country, not to be confused with the medieval system of county courts held by the High Sheriff of each county.
County Durham (locally) is a county in North East England.
Cumberland County is a county in the State of New South Wales, Australia.
The Crown Estate is a collection of lands and holdings in the United Kingdom belonging to the British monarch as a corporation sole, making it the "Sovereign's public estate", which is neither government property nor part of the monarch's private estate.
Cumberland is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974.
The Danelaw (also known as the Danelagh; Dena lagu; Danelagen), as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, is a historical name given to the part of England in which the laws of the Danes held sway and dominated those of the Anglo-Saxons.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England.
Devon, also known as Devonshire, which was formerly its common and official name, is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.
District courts are a category of courts which exists in several nations.
The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguish from unofficial city districts) are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government.
Domesday Book (or; Latin: Liber de Wintonia "Book of Winchester") is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror.
The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Yorkshire, is a ceremonial county in the North of England.
Edmund I (Ēadmund, pronounced; 921 – 26 May 946) was King of the English from 939 until his death.
An electoral district, (election) precinct, election district, or legislative district, called a voting district by the US Census (also known as a constituency, riding, ward, division, electoral area, or electorate) is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Estonian (eesti keel) is the official language of Estonia, spoken natively by about 1.1 million people: 922,000 people in Estonia and 160,000 outside Estonia.
In the civil service of the United Kingdom, Her Majesty’s Exchequer, or just the Exchequer, is the accounting process of central government and the government's current account i.e. money held from taxation and other government revenues in the Consolidated Fund.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Fjärdhundraland or the land of the four hundreds is, since 1296, a part of the province of Uppland in Sweden.
Flowerdew Hundred Plantation dates to 1618/19 with the patent by Sir George Yeardley, the Governor and Captain General of Virginia, of on the south side of the James River.
Frankpledge, was a system of joint suretyship common in England throughout the Early Middle Ages.
Frederick County is located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Maryland.
In common law jurisdictions (e.g. England and Wales, United States, Australia, Canada and Ireland), a freehold is the common ownership of real property, or land, and all immovable structures attached to such land, as opposed to a leasehold, in which the property reverts to the owner of the land after the lease period has expired.
Gau (Dutch: gouw, Frisian: gea or goa) is a Germanic term for a region within a country, often a former or actual province.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
Helen Maud Cam,, FRHistS (22 August 1885 – 9 February 1968) was an English historian of the Middle Ages.
Henry of Bracton, also Henry de Bracton, also Henricus Bracton, or Henry Bratton also Henry Bretton (c. 1210 – c. 1268) was an English cleric and jurist.
Heradsbygd is a village in the municipality of Elverum, Norway.
The hide was an English unit of land measurement originally intended to represent the amount of land sufficient to support a household.
Highway Districts were areas in England and Wales united for the maintenance and repair of highways.
The Hundred Rolls are a census of England and parts of what is now Wales taken in the late thirteenth century.
In the period preceding the Municipal Reform, Denmark was divided into around 170 hundreds (Danish: herred, plural: herreder).
The Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.
Krødsherad (Krødsherad kommune) is a municipality in Buskerud county, Norway.
Kvam is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway.
The Land Ordinance of 1785 was adopted by the United States Congress of the Confederation on May 20, 1785.
The lands administrative divisions of South Australia are the cadastral units of counties and hundreds in South Australia.
A lathe (Old English lǽð, Latin lestus) formed an administrative country subdivision of the county of Kent, in England, from the Anglo-Saxon period until it fell out of use in the early twentieth century.
A legal fiction is a fact assumed or created by courts which is then used in order to help reach a decision or to apply a legal rule.
Leicestershire (abbreviation Leics.) is a landlocked county in the English Midlands.
The institution known as leiðangr (Old Norse), leidang (Norwegian), leding (Danish), ledung (Swedish), expeditio (Latin) or sometimes lething (English), was a form of conscription to organise coastal fleets for seasonal excursions and in defence of the realm typical for medieval Scandinavians and, later, a public levy of free farmers.
Lensmann in modern Norwegian or lensmand in Danish and older Norwegian spelling (lit. fief man; Old Norwegian: lénsmaðr) is a term with several distinct meanings in Scandinavian history.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England.
A listing of the hundreds of Delaware. Hundreds are unincorporated subdivisions of counties, equivalent to townships in some other states, and were once used as a basis for representation in the Delaware General Assembly.
Most of the counties of England were divided into hundreds from the late Saxon period and these were, with a few exceptions, effectively abandoned as administrative divisions in the 19th century.
A hundred is a geographic division formerly used in northern Germanic countries and related colonies, which historically was used to divide a larger region into smaller administrative divisions.
The Local Government Act 1894 (56 & 57 Vict. c. 73) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in England and Wales outside the County of London.
In British or Irish history, the lordship of a manor is a lordship emanating from the feudal system of manorialism.
Loveden is a Deanery of the Diocese of Lincoln, England, and a former Wapentake.
Manorialism was an essential element of feudal society.
Martin's Hundred was an early 17th-century plantation located along about ten miles (16 km) of the north shore of the James River in the Virginia Colony east of Jamestown in the southeastern portion of present-day James City County, Virginia.
Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.
Mattapony was a former hundred in Worcester County, Maryland.
Mercia (Miercna rīce) was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.
A moot hall is a meeting or assembly building, traditionally to decide local issues.
The municipalities (kunta; kommun) represent the local level of administration in Finland and act as the fundamental, self-governing administrative units of the country.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
Norrland ("Northland", originally Norrlanden or "the Northlands") is the northernmost, largest, least populated and least densely populated of the three traditional lands of Sweden, consisting of nine provinces.
Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England.
The Northern Crusades or Baltic Crusades were religious wars undertaken by Catholic Christian military orders and kingdoms, primarily against the pagan Baltic, Finnic and West Slavic peoples around the southern and eastern shores of the Baltic Sea, and to a lesser extent also against Orthodox Christian Slavs (East Slavs).
The Northern Territory (abbreviated as NT) is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nottinghamshire (pronounced or; abbreviated Notts) is a county in the East Midlands region of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west.
Nynorsk (translates to New Norwegian or New Norse) is one of the two written standards of the Norwegian language, the other being Bokmål.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Old High German (OHG, Althochdeutsch, German abbr. Ahd.) is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 700 to 1050.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
A parish is an administrative division used by several countries.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The Court of Petty Session, established from around the 1730s, was a local court consisting of magistrates held for a hundred in England, Wales, and Ireland.
A poor law union was a geographical territory, and early local government unit, in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
In law, a prerogative is an exclusive right given from a government or state and invested in an individual or group, the content of which is separate from the body of rights enjoyed under the general law of the normative state.
Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; German: Urgermanisch; also called Common Germanic, German: Gemeingermanisch) is the reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Proto-Norse (also called Proto-Scandinavian, Proto-Nordic, Ancient Scandinavian, Proto-North Germanic and a variety of other names) was an Indo-European language spoken in Scandinavia that is thought to have evolved as a northern dialect of Proto-Germanic in the first centuries CE.
The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is the surveying method developed and used in the United States to plat, or divide, real property for sale and settling.
A rape is a traditional territorial sub-division of the county of Sussex in England, formerly used for various administrative purposes.
Originally in Anglo-Saxon England the reeve was a senior official with local responsibilities under the Crown, e.g., as the chief magistrate of a town or district.
Members of Parliament (MPs) sitting in the House of Commons in the United Kingdom are technically not permitted to resign their seats.
A riding is an administrative jurisdiction or electoral district, particularly in several current or former Commonwealth countries.
Riksdag of the Estates (formally Riksens ständer; informally Ståndsriksdagen) was the name used for the Estates of Sweden when they were assembled.
The Riot (Damages) Act 1886 (49 & 50 Vict c 38) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Roslagen is the name of the coastal areas of Uppland province in Sweden, which also constitutes the northern part of the Stockholm archipelago.
In the Anglican Communion and the Roman Catholic Church as well as some Lutheran denominations, a rural dean is a member of clergy who presides over a "rural deanery" (often referred to as a deanery).
Rural districts were a type of local government area – now superseded – established at the end of the 19th century in England, Wales, and Ireland for the administration of predominantly rural areas at a level lower than that of the administrative counties.
Rutland is a landlocked county in the East Midlands of England, bounded to the west and north by Leicestershire, to the northeast by Lincolnshire and the southeast by Northamptonshire.
Sanitary districts were established in England and Wales in 1875 and in Ireland in 1878.
Satakunta (Satakunda, Finnia Septentrionalis or Satagundia) is a region (maakunta / landskap) of Finland, part of the former Western Finland Province.
A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated.
A shire is a traditional term for a division of land, found in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and some other English speaking countries.
Shirley Plantation is an estate located on the north bank of the James River in Charles City County, Virginia, USA.
Socken is the name used for a part of a county in Sweden.
South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.
Southern Schleswig (Südschleswig or Landesteil Schleswig, Sydslesvig) is the southern half of the former Duchy of Schleswig in Germany on the Jutland Peninsula.
A stagecoach is a four-wheeled public coach used to carry paying passengers and light packages on journeys long enough to need a change of horses.
A steward is an official who is appointed by the legal ruling monarch to represent them in a country, and may have a mandate to govern it in their name; in the latter case, synonymous with the position of regent, vicegerent, viceroy (for Romance languages), governor, or deputy (the Roman rector, praefectus or vicarius).
Survey township, sometimes called Congressional township, as used by the United States Public Land Survey System, refers to a square unit of land, that is nominally six (U.S. Survey) miles (~9.7 km) on a side.
Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.
Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).
Svealand, Swealand or (rarely or historically) Sweden proper is the historical core region of Sweden.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 9.6 million people, predominantly in Sweden (as the sole official language), and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
A system of measurement is a collection of units of measurement and rules relating them to each other.
Publius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus (–) was a senator and a historian of the Roman Empire.
The Midlands is a cultural and geographic area roughly spanning central England that broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia.
A thing, also known as Alþing, was the governing assembly of a northern Germanic society, made up of the free people of the community presided over by lawspeakers.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, [O.S. April 2] 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
A tithing or tything was a historic English legal, administrative or territorial unit, originally ten hides (and hence, one tenth of a hundred).
Tiundaland is a historic region, Folkland, and since 1296 part of the modern province of Uppland.
The tourn (tour, turn) was the bi-annual inspection of the hundreds of his shire made by the sheriff in medieval England.
A townland (baile fearainn; Ulster-Scots: toonlann) is a small geographical division of land used in Ireland.
Ulvik is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway.
In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elect one member to a parliament or assembly, with the exception of European Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly constituencies which are multi member constituencies.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
In England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and the Republic of Ireland, an urban district was a type of local government district that covered an urbanised area.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
A ward is a local authority area, typically used for electoral purposes.
Welsh law is the primary and secondary legislation generated by the National Assembly for Wales, according to devolved authority granted in the Government of Wales Act 2006.
Wessex (Westseaxna rīce, the "kingdom of the West Saxons") was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in the early 10th century.
Westmorland (formerly also spelt Westmoreland;R. Wilkinson The British Isles, Sheet The British Isles. even older spellings are Westmerland and Westmereland) is a historic county in north west England.
Yorkshire (abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom.
The 19th century was a century that began on January 1, 1801, and ended on December 31, 1900.
Arnaes Court District, Arnas Court District, Arnäs Court District, Forsa Court District, Haerad, Half hundred, Herred, Hundare, Hunderd, Hundred (administrative division), Hundred (administrative subdivision), Hundred (country subdivision), Hundred (county subdivision), Hundred (division), Hundred (divisions), Hundred (subdivision), Hundred Court, Hundred Reeve, Hundred court, Hundred courts, Hundred meeting, Hundreds of Uplandia, Härad, Traditional administrative systems, Wapentak, Wapentake, Wapentakes.