83 relations: Aisne (river), Albert I of Belgium, Albert, Somme, Allies of World War I, American Expeditionary Forces, Amiens, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Arras, Australian Army during World War I, Bapaume, Battle of Albert (1918), Battle of Amiens (1918), Battle of Épehy, Battle of Cambrai (1918), Battle of Courtrai (1918), Battle of Drocourt-Quéant Line, Battle of Havrincourt, Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin, Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Battle of St Quentin Canal, Battle of the Canal du Nord, Battle of the Sambre (1918), Battle of the Scarpe (1918), Battle of the Selle, Battle of the Somme, Battle of Valenciennes (1918), Breakthrough (military), British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Canada's Hundred Days, Central Powers, Cerny-en-Laonnois, Commander-in-chief, Concentric objects, David Lloyd George, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Erich Ludendorff, Ferdinand Foch, Field marshal (United Kingdom), Fifth Battle of Ypres, First Army (United Kingdom), Flanders, Fourth Army (United Kingdom), General (United States), Georg von der Marwitz, German Army (German Empire), Henry Gunther, Hindenburg Line, Italian Front (World War I), John J. Pershing, Laon, ..., Lateral communication, List of Marshals of France, Marne (river), Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Mons, Mont-d'Origny, Nick Lloyd (historian), Noyon, Offensive (military), Operation Michael, Paul von Hindenburg, Peaceful penetration, Philippe Pétain, Picardy, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Salient (military), Second Army (United Kingdom), Second Battle of Bapaume, Second Battle of the Marne, Sinai and Palestine Campaign, Sixth Army (France), Somme (river), Spring Offensive, Tank, Tenth Army (France), Thailand, Third Army (United Kingdom), Western Front (World War I), Wilhelm Groener, World War I, Ypres, 1st Army (France), 2nd Army (German Empire). Expand index (33 more) » « Shrink index
The Aisne is a river in northeastern France.
Albert I (8 April 1875 – 17 February 1934) reigned as the third King of the Belgians from 1909 to 1934.
Albert is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
The American Expeditionary Forces (A. E. F., A.E.F. or AEF) was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I. The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
The Australian Army was the largest service in the Australian military during World War I. The First Australian Imperial Force (AIF) was the Army's main expeditionary force and was formed from 15 August 1914 with an initial strength of 20,000 men, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany.
Bapaume is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
Battle of Albert (21–23 August 1918) was the third battle by that name fought during World War I, following the First Battle of Albert and the Second Battle of Albert, with each of the series of three being fought roughly two years apart.
The Battle of Amiens, also known as the Third Battle of Picardy (3ème Bataille de Picardie), was the opening phase of the Allied offensive which began on 8 August 1918, later known as the Hundred Days Offensive, that ultimately led to the end of the First World War.
The Battle of Épehy was a battle of the First World War fought on 18 September 1918, involving the British Fourth Army (under the command of General Henry Rawlinson) against German outpost positions in front of the Hindenburg Line.
The Battle of Cambrai, 1918 (also known as the Second Battle of Cambrai) was a battle between troops of the British First, Third and Fourth Armies and German Empire forces during the Hundred Days Offensive of the First World War.
The Battle of Courtrai (also known as the Second Battle of Belgium (2ème Bataille de Belgique) and the Battle of Roulers (Bataille de Roulers)) was one of a series of offensives in northern France and southern Belgium that took place in late September and October 1918.
The Drocourt-Quéant Line (Wotan Stellung) was a set of mutually supporting defensive lines constructed by Germany between the French towns of Drocourt and Quéant during World War I. This defensive system was part of the northernmost section of the Hindenburg Line, a vast German defensive system that ran through northeastern France.
The Battle of Havrincourt was a World War I battle fought on 12 September 1918, involving the British Third Army (under the command of General Sir Julian Byng) against German troops, including those of the 3rd and 10th Corps, in the town of Havrincourt, France.
The Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin was a battle on the Western Front during World War I. As part of the Allied counteroffensives on the Western Front in the late summer of 1918, the Australian Corps crossed the Somme River on the night of August 31, and broke the German lines at Mont Saint-Quentin and Péronne.
The Battle of Saint-Mihiel was a major World War I battle fought from 12–15 September 1918, involving the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) and 110,000 French troops under the command of General John J. Pershing of the United States against German positions.
The Battle of St Quentin Canal was a pivotal battle of World War I that began on 29 September 1918 and involved British, Australian and American forces operating as part of the British Fourth Army under the overall command of General Sir Henry Rawlinson.
The Battle of Canal du Nord was part of a general Allied offensive against German positions on the Western Front during the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I. The battle took place in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, along an incomplete portion of the Canal du Nord and on the outskirts of Cambrai between 27 September and 1 October 1918.
The Second Battle of the Sambre (4 November 1918) (which included the Second Battle of Guise (2ème Bataille de Guise) and the Battle of Thiérache (Bataille de Thiérache) was part of the final European Allied offensives of World War I.
The Battle of the Scarpe was a World War I battle that took place during the Hundred Days Offensive between 26 and 30 August 1918.
The Battle of the Selle (17–25 October 1918) was a battle between Allied forces and the German Army, fought during the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Battle of Valenciennes was part of the Hundred Days Offensive at the end of World War I. Occurring on 1 and 2 November 1918, it resulted in the capture of Valenciennes from the Germans by Canadian and British forces.
A breakthrough occurs when an offensive force has broken an opponent's defensive line, and rapidly exploits the gap.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
Canada’s Hundred Days is the name given to the series of attacks made by the Canadian Corps between 8 August and 11 November 1918, during the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I. Reference to this period as Canada's Hundred Days is due to the substantial role the Canadian Corps of the British First Army played during the offensive.
The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri / Bağlaşma Devletleri; translit), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).
Cerny-en-Laonnois is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
In geometry, two or more objects are said to be concentric, coaxal, or coaxial when they share the same center or axis.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.
Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (9 April 1865 – 20 December 1937) was a German general, the victor of the Battle of Liège and the Battle of Tannenberg.
Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.
Field Marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736.
The Fifth Battle of Ypres, also called the Advance of Flanders and the Battle of the Peaks of Flanders (Bataille des Crêtes de Flandres) is an informal name used to identify a series of battles in northern France and southern Belgium from late September through October 1918.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.
The Fourth Army was a field army that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, general (abbreviated as GEN in the Army or Gen in the Air Force and Marine Corps) is a four-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-10.
Johannes Georg von der Marwitz (7 July 1856 – 27 October 1929) was a Prussian cavalry general, who commanded several German armies during the First World War on both the Eastern and Western fronts.
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
Henry Nicholas John Gunther (June 6, 1895 – November 11, 1918) was an American soldier and the last soldier of any of the belligerents to be killed during World War I. He was killed at 10:59 a.m., one minute before the Armistice was to take effect at 11 a.m. This page incorrectly lists Gunther's birth date as June 5, 1895.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
The Italian Front (Fronte italiano; in Gebirgskrieg, "Mountain war") was a series of battles at the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy, fought between 1915 and 1918 in World War I. Following the secret promises made by the Allies in the Treaty of London, Italy entered the war in order to annex the Austrian Littoral and northern Dalmatia, and the territories of present-day Trentino and South Tyrol.
General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer.
Laon is the capital city of the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France, northern France.
Lateral communication is defined as "the exchange, imparting or sharing of information, ideas or feelings between people within a community, peer groups, departments or units of an organization who are at or about the same hierarchical level as each other for the purpose of coordinating activities, efforts or fulfilling a common purpose or goal".
Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.
The Marne (la Marne) is a river in France, an eastern tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris.
The Meuse-Argonne Offensive (also known as Battles of the Meuse-Argonne and the Meuse-Argonne Campaign) was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front.
Mons (Bergen; Mont; Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of Hainaut.
Mont-d'Origny is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Nick Lloyd FRHS, is Reader in Military and Imperial History at King's College London.
Noyon (Noviomagus Veromanduorum, Noviomagus of the Veromandui) is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
An offensive is a military operation that seeks through aggressive projection of armed force to occupy territory, gain an objective or achieve some larger strategic, operational, or tactical goal.
Operation Michael was a major German military offensive during the First World War that began the Spring Offensive on 21 March 1918.
Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known generally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a Generalfeldmarschall and statesman who commanded the German military during the second half of World War I before later being elected President of the Weimar republic in 1925.
Peaceful penetration was an Australian infantry tactic used toward the end of the First World War (though it was also used by the New Zealanders), which was a cross between trench raiding and patrolling.
Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain or Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain), was a French general officer who attained the position of Marshal of France at the end of World War I, during which he became known as The Lion of Verdun, and in World War II served as the Chief of State of Vichy France from 1940 to 1944.
Picardy (Picardie) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Second Battle of Bapaume was a battle of the First World War that took place at Bapaume in France, from 21 August 1918 to 3 September 1918.
The Second Battle of the Marne (Seconde Bataille de la Marne), or Battle of Reims (15 July – 6 August 1918) was the last major German offensive on the Western Front during the First World War.
The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, supported by the German Empire.
The Sixth Army (6eme Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
The Tenth Army (Xe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Third Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that saw active service on the Western Front throughout the war.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Karl Eduard Wilhelm Groener (22 November 1867 – 3 May 1939) was a German soldier and politician.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.
The First Army (1re Armée) was a field army of France that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 2nd Army (2.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the III Army Inspection.
100 days offensive, Advance to Victory, Battle of Lihons, Battle of Mont D'Origny, Battle of Savy-Dallon, Battle of Vauxaillon, Battle of the Escaut, Battle of the Lys and the Escaut, Battle of the Serre, Final Advance in Artois and Flanders, Grand Offensive, Grand Offensive 1918, Hundred Days (1918), Hundred Days Battle, Hundred Days' Offensive, Pursuit To Mons, Pursuit to Mons, Second Battle of Noyon, Second Battle of the Lys (1918).