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Hungarian orthography

Index Hungarian orthography

Hungarian orthography (Hungarian: helyesírás, lit. ‘correct writing’) consists of rules defining the standard written form of the Hungarian language. [1]

63 relations: Abbreviation, Acute accent, Apposition, Ádám Nádasdy, Clitic, Collation, Complement (linguistics), Compound (linguistics), Cordless telephone, Diacritic, Diaeresis (diacritic), Digraph (orthography), Digraphs and trigraphs, Ditto mark, Double acute accent, Eötvös Loránd University, Eine kleine Nachtmusik, Elisabeth Bridge (Budapest), Endre Ady, Epithet, Firefox, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungarian alphabet, Hungarian Braille, Hungarian language, Hungarian phonology, Hyphen, Index.hu, Interjection, István Széchenyi, János Arany, József Mindszenty, József Rippl-Rónai, Lajos Kossuth, Lake Neusiedl, Latin alphabet, Loanword, Local administrative unit, Magyar Narancs, Microsoft Office, Mihály Vörösmarty, Morpheme, Mozilla Thunderbird, National Széchényi Library, OpenOffice.org, Participle, Phoneme, Phonemic orthography, Prefix, Proper noun, ..., Punctuation, Research Institute for Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Sándor Petőfi, Sânmartin, Cluj, Simile, Suffix, Suffix (name), Toldi trilogy, Transliteration, Váci Street, Vowel harmony, Zoltán Kodály, Zsigmond Móricz. Expand index (13 more) »


An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning short) is a shortened form of a word or phrase.

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Acute accent

The acute accent (´) is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.

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Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side, with one element serving to identify the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition.

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Ádám Nádasdy

Ádám Nádasdy (born 15 February 1947) is a Hungarian linguist and poet.

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A clitic (from Greek κλιτικός klitikos, "inflexional") is a morpheme in morphology and syntax that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but depends phonologically on another word or phrase.

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Collation is the assembly of written information into a standard order.

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Complement (linguistics)

In grammar, a complement is a word, phrase or clause that is necessary to complete the meaning of a given expression.

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Compound (linguistics)

In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.

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Cordless telephone

A cordless telephone or portable telephone is a telephone in which the handset is portable and communicates with the body of the phone by radio, instead of being attached by a cord.

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A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.

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Diaeresis (diacritic)

The diaeresis (plural: diaereses), also spelled diæresis or dieresis and also known as the tréma (also: trema) or the umlaut, is a diacritical mark that consists of two dots placed over a letter, usually a vowel.

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Digraph (orthography)

A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.

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Digraphs and trigraphs

In computer programming, digraphs and trigraphs are sequences of two and three characters, respectively, that appear in source code and, according to a programming language's specification, should be treated as if they were single characters.

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Ditto mark

The ditto mark (”) is a typographic symbol indicating that the word(s) or figure(s) above it are to be repeated.

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Double acute accent

The double acute accent (˝) is a diacritic mark of the Latin script.

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Eötvös Loránd University

Eötvös Loránd University (Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, ELTE) is a Hungarian public research university based in Budapest.

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Eine kleine Nachtmusik

(Serenade No. 13 for strings in G major), K. 525, is a 1787 composition for a chamber ensemble by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

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Elisabeth Bridge (Budapest)

Elisabeth Bridge (Erzsébet híd) is the third newest bridge of Budapest, Hungary, connecting Buda and Pest across the River Danube.

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Endre Ady

Endre Ady (Hungarian: diósadi Ady András Endre, archaically English: Andrew Ady, 22 November 1877 – 27 January 1919) was a turn-of-the-century Hungarian poet and journalist.

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An epithet (from ἐπίθετον epitheton, neuter of ἐπίθετος epithetos, "attributed, added") is a byname, or a descriptive term (word or phrase), accompanying or occurring in place of a name and having entered common usage.

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Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.

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Hungarian Academy of Sciences

The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (MTA)) is the most important and prestigious learned society of Hungary.

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Hungarian alphabet

The Hungarian alphabet is an extension of the Latin alphabet used for writing the Hungarian language.

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Hungarian Braille

The braille alphabet used to write Hungarian is based on the international norm for the 26 basic letters of the Latin script.

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Hungarian language

Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine, central and western Romania (Transylvania and Partium), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia, and northern Slovenia due to the effects of the Treaty of Trianon, which resulted in many ethnic Hungarians being displaced from their homes and communities in the former territories of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America (particularly the United States). Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family branch, its closest relatives being Mansi and Khanty.

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Hungarian phonology

The phonology of the Hungarian language is notable for its process of vowel harmony, the frequent occurrence of geminate consonants and the presence of otherwise uncommon palatal stops.

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The hyphen (‐) is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word.

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With over 1 million readers per day, Index.hu is one of the most popular and influential Hungarian language internet portals.

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In linguistics, an interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling or reaction.

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István Széchenyi

Count István Széchenyi de Sárvár-Felsővidék (21 September 1791 – 8 April 1860) was a Hungarian politician, political theorist, and writer.

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János Arany

János Arany (archaically English: John Arany; 2 March 1817—22 October 1882) was a Hungarian journalist, writer, poet, and translator.

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József Mindszenty

József Cardinal Mindszenty (29 March 18926 May 1975) was the Prince Primate, Archbishop of Esztergom, cardinal, and leader of the Catholic Church in Hungary from 2 October 1945 to 18 December 1973.

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József Rippl-Rónai

József Rippl-Rónai (23 May 1861 – 25 November 1927) was a Hungarian painter.

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Lajos Kossuth

Lajos Kossuth de Udvard et Kossuthfalva (Slovak: Ľudovít Košút, archaically English: Louis Kossuth) 19 September 1802 – 20 March 1894) was a Hungarian nobleman, lawyer, journalist, politician, statesman and Governor-President of the Kingdom of Hungary during the revolution of 1848–49. With the help of his talent in oratory in political debates and public speeches, Kossuth emerged from a poor gentry family into regent-president of Kingdom of Hungary. As the most influential contemporary American journalist Horace Greeley said of Kossuth: "Among the orators, patriots, statesmen, exiles, he has, living or dead, no superior." Kossuth's powerful English and American speeches so impressed and touched the most famous contemporary American orator Daniel Webster, that he wrote a book about Kossuth's life. He was widely honored during his lifetime, including in Great Britain and the United States, as a freedom fighter and bellwether of democracy in Europe. Kossuth's bronze bust can be found in the United States Capitol with the inscription: Father of Hungarian Democracy, Hungarian Statesman, Freedom Fighter, 1848–1849.

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Lake Neusiedl

Lake Neusiedl (Neusiedler See) or Fertő (Fertő tó; Nežidersko jezero, Niuzaljsko jezero; Nežidersko jezero; Neziderské jazero) is the largest endorheic lake in Central Europe, straddling the Austrian–Hungarian border.

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Latin alphabet

The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.

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A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.

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Local administrative unit

Generally, a local administrative unit (LAU) is a low level administrative division of a country, ranked below a province, region, or state.

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Magyar Narancs

Magyar Narancs (Hungarian Orange in English) is a weekly liberal magazine with a strong satiric tone appearing on Thursdays in Hungary.

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Microsoft Office

Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.

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Mihály Vörösmarty

Mihály Vörösmarty (archaically English: Michael Vorosmarthy 1 December 1800 – 19 November 1855) was an important Hungarian poet and dramatist.

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A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit in a language.

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Mozilla Thunderbird

Mozilla Thunderbird is a free and open-source cross-platform email client, news client, RSS and chat client developed by the Mozilla Foundation.

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National Széchényi Library

The National Széchényi Library (Országos Széchényi Könyvtár) (OSZK) is a library in Budapest, Hungary.

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OpenOffice.org (OOo), commonly known as OpenOffice, is a discontinued open-source office suite.

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A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb, or verb phrase, and plays a role similar to an adjective or adverb.

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A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.

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Phonemic orthography

In linguistics, a phonemic orthography is an orthography (system for writing a language) in which the graphemes (written symbols) correspond to the phonemes (significant spoken sounds) of the language.

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A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word.

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Proper noun

A proper noun is a noun that in its primary application refers to a unique entity, such as London, Jupiter, Sarah, or Microsoft, as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities (city, planet, person, corporation), or non-unique instances of a specific class (a city, another planet, these persons, our corporation).

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Punctuation (formerly sometimes called pointing) is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of handwritten and printed text, whether read silently or aloud.

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Research Institute for Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

The Research Institute for Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Nyelvtudományi Intézete) was created in 1949, is under supervision of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences since 1951.

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Sándor Petőfi

Sándor Petőfi (né Petrovics;LUCINDA MALLOWS,, Bradt Travel Guides, 2008, p. 7Sándor Petőfi, George Szirtes,, Hesperus Press, 2004, p. 1 Alexander Petrovič; Александар Петровић; 1 January 1823 – most likely 31 July 1849) was a Hungarian poet and liberal revolutionary.

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Sânmartin, Cluj

Sânmartin (Szépkenyerűszentmárton) is a commune in Cluj County, Romania.

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A simile is a figure of speech that directly compares two things.

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In linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed postfix) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.

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Suffix (name)

A name suffix, in the Western English-language naming tradition, follows a person's full name and provides additional information about the person.

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Toldi trilogy

The Toldi trilogy is an epic poem trilogy written by the Hungarian poet János Arany.

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Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus trans- + liter-) in predictable ways (such as α → a, д → d, χ → ch, ն → n or æ → e).

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Váci Street

Váci utca (Váci street) is one of the main pedestrian thoroughfares and perhaps the most famous street of central Budapest, Hungary.

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Vowel harmony

Vowel harmony is a type of long-distance assimilatory phonological process involving vowels that occurs in some languages.

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Zoltán Kodály

Zoltán Kodály (Kodály Zoltán,; 16 December 1882 – 6 March 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, pedagogue, linguist, and philosopher.

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Zsigmond Móricz

Zsigmond Móricz (29 June 1879, Tiszacsécse – 4 September 1942) was a major Hungarian novelist and Social Realist.

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Redirects here:

Hungarian Geographical Name Committee.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_orthography

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