28 relations: Aronia, Backcrossing, Beallara, Botanical name, Botanical nomenclature, Crataegus, F1 hybrid, Genus, Glossary of scientific naming, Graft-chimaera, Grex (horticulture), Homonym (biology), Hybrid (biology), Hybrid speciation, International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, Iris florentina, Iris germanica, Multiplication sign, Pear, Pyrus × bretschneideri, Pyrus communis, Shipova, Sorbus, Sorbus aria, Synonym (taxonomy), Taxon, Taxonomic rank, Type (biology).
Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps.
Backcrossing is a crossing of a hybrid with one of its parents or an individual genetically similar to its parent, in order to achieve offspring with a genetic identity which is closer to that of the parent.
× Beallara, abbreviated Bllra. in the horticultural trade, is the nothogenus for intergeneric hybrids between the orchid genera Brassia, Cochlioda, Miltonia and Odontoglossum (Brs. x Cda. x Milt. x Odm.).
A botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) and, if it concerns a plant cultigen, the additional cultivar or Group epithets must conform to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP).
Botanical nomenclature is the formal, scientific naming of plants.
Crataegus (from the Greek kratos "strength" and akis "sharp", referring to the thorns of some species) commonly called hawthorn, thornapple,Voss, E. G. 1985.
An F1 hybrid (or filial 1 hybrid) is the first filial generation of offspring of distinctly different parental types.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
This is a list of terms and symbols used in scientific names for organisms, and in describing the names.
In horticulture, a graft-chimaera may arise in grafting at the point of contact between rootstock and scion and will have properties intermediate between those of its "parents".
The term grex (pl. greges or grexes; abbreviation gx), derived from the Latin noun grex, gregis meaning 'flock', has been coined to expand botanical nomenclature to describe hybrids of orchids, based solely on their parentage.
In biology, a homonym is a name for a taxon that is identical in spelling to another such name, that belongs to a different taxon.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
Hybrid speciation is a form of speciation where hybridization between two different species leads to a new species, reproductively isolated from the parent species.
The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical names that are given to plants, fungi and a few other groups of organisms, all those "traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants".
Iris florentina is the white flowered variant of Iris germanica now classified as Iris germanica nothovar.
Iris x germanica is the accepted name for a species of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae commonly known as the bearded iris or the German bearded iris.
The multiplication sign, also known as the times sign or the dimension sign, is the symbol ×. While similar to the lowercase letter x, the form is properly a rotationally symmetric saltire.
The pear is any of several tree and shrub species of genus Pyrus, in the family Rosaceae.
Pyrus × bretschneideri (or Pyrus ×bretschneideri), the ya pear or pearple or Chinese white pear, is an interspecific hybrid species of pear native to North China, where it is widely grown for its edible fruit.
Pyrus communis, known as the European pear or common pear, is a species of pear native to central and eastern Europe and southwest Asia.
The Shipova (× Sorbopyrus irregularis (Münchh.) C.A.Wimm.) is a hybrid of the European Pear (Pyrus communis) and the Common Whitebeam (Sorbus aria).
Sorbus is a genus of about 100–200 species of trees and shrubs in the rose family, Rosaceae.
Sorbus aria (syn. Aria nivea), the whitebeam or common whitebeam, is a European and Near-Eastern deciduous tree, the type species of the subgenus of the whitebeams.
In scientific nomenclature, a synonym is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name,''ICN'', "Glossary", entry for "synonym" although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature.
In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
In biological classification, taxonomic rank is the relative level of a group of organisms (a taxon) in a taxonomic hierarchy.
In biology, a type is a particular specimen (or in some cases a group of specimens) of an organism to which the scientific name of that organism is formally attached.