163 relations: Acetophenone, Acid strength, Alkali metal, Alkaline earth metal, Alkane, Alkene, Alkyne, Aluminium, Aluminium chloride, Aluminium hydride, Ammonia, Antimony, Argon, Arsenic, Arsine, Base (chemistry), Binary compounds of hydrogen, Bismuth, Bismuthine, Borane, Boranes, Boron, Calcium hydride, Carbon, Chalcogen, Chemical bond, Chemical compound, Chemical synthesis, Chemisorption, Cold fusion, Complex metal hydride, Composite material, Coolant, Covalent bond, Decaborane, Desiccant, Deuterium, Diborane, Dihydrogen bond, Diisobutylaluminium hydride, Direct borohydride fuel cell, Doping (semiconductor), Electride, Electron, Electron affinity, Electronegativity, Enthalpy, Ether, Europium, Fertilizer, ..., Francium, Fuel, Fuel cell, Fumigation, Gallane, Gallium, Germane, Germanium, Gibbs free energy, Group (periodic table), Halogen, Helium, Helium hydride ion, Homoleptic, Hydrazine, Hydride compressor, Hydrocarbon, Hydrodesulfurization, Hydroformylation, Hydrogen, Hydrogen bond, Hydrogen economy, Hydrogen embrittlement, Hydrogen ion, Hydrogen peroxide, Hydrogen selenide, Hydrogen storage, Hydrogen sulfide, Hydrogen telluride, Hydrogenase, Hydrogenation, Hydron (chemistry), Hydronium, Hydrosilylation, Hydroxide, Hydroxy group, Ice, Indium, Indium trihydride, Intermetallic, Ion, Ionic bonding, Ionic compound, Iridium, Isotope separation, Isotopes of hydrogen, IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry, IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry 2005, Krypton, Lanthanide, Lead, Lewis acids and bases, Lithium aluminium hydride, Lithium hydride, Lithium triethylborohydride, Metallic bonding, Molecule, Natural gas, Neon, Nickel hydride, Nickel–metal hydride battery, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, Nitrogen, Noble gas, Non-stoichiometric compound, Nuclear reactor, Nucleophile, Oligomer, Organic synthesis, Osmium, Oxygen, Palladium, Palladium hydride, Parent hydride, Pentaborane, Periodic table, Phosphine, Phosphorus, Plumbane, Pnictogen, Polonium, Polonium hydride, Polymer, Potassium hydride, Potassium nonahydridorhenate, Promethium, Properties of water, Protic solvent, Proton, Pseudohalogen, Radium, Radon, Reagent, Reducing agent, Selenium, Semiconductor, Silane, Silicon, Sodium borohydride, Sodium hydride, Standard electrode potential, Stannane, Stibine, Substituent, Sulfur, Tellurium, Thallium, Thallium hydride, Thermonuclear weapon, Tin, Tritium, Water, Ytterbium. Expand index (113 more) » « Shrink index
Acetophenone is the organic compound with the formula C6H5C(O)CH3 (also represented by the pseudoelement symbols PhAc or BzMe).
The strength of an acid refers to its ability or tendency to lose a proton (H+).
The alkali metals are a group (column) in the periodic table consisting of the chemical elements lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K),The symbols Na and K for sodium and potassium are derived from their Latin names, natrium and kalium; these are still the names for the elements in some languages, such as German and Russian.
The alkaline earth metals are six chemical elements in group 2 of the periodic table.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
In organic chemistry, an alkyne is an unsaturated hydrocarbon containing at least one carbon—carbon triple bond.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Aluminium chloride (AlCl3) is the main compound of aluminium and chlorine.
Aluminium hydride (also known as alane or alumane) is an inorganic compound with the formula AlH3.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Antimony is a chemical element with symbol Sb (from stibium) and atomic number 51.
Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number 18.
Arsenic is a chemical element with symbol As and atomic number 33.
Arsine is an inorganic compound with the formula AsH3.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
Binary compounds of hydrogen are binary chemical compounds containing just hydrogen and one other chemical element.
Bismuth is a chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83.
Bismuthine (IUPAC name: bismuthane) is the chemical compound with the formula BiH3.
Borane (systematically named trihydridoboron), also called borine, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula.
Boranes are a large group of group-13 hydride compounds that have the generic formula BxHy.
Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5.
Calcium hydride is the chemical compound with the formula CaH2, and is therefore an alkaline earth hydride.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
The chalcogens are the chemical elements in group 16 of the periodic table.
A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
Chemisorption is a kind of adsorption which involves a chemical reaction between the surface and the adsorbate.
Cold fusion is a hypothesized type of nuclear reaction that would occur at, or near, room temperature.
Complex metal hydrides are salts wherein the anions contain hydrides.
A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.
A coolant is a substance, typically liquid or gas, that is used to reduce or regulate the temperature of a system.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
Decaborane, also called decaborane(14), is the borane with the chemical formula B10H14.
A desiccant is a hygroscopic substance that induces or sustains a state of dryness (desiccation) in its vicinity; it is the opposite of a humectant.
Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).
Diborane is the chemical compound consisting of boron and hydrogen with the formula B2H6.
In chemistry, a dihydrogen bond is a kind of hydrogen bond, an interaction between a metal hydride bond and an OH or NH group or other proton donor.
Diisobutylaluminium hydride (DIBALH, DIBAL, DIBAL-H or DIBAH) is a reducing agent with the formula (i-Bu2AlH)2, where i-Bu represents isobutyl (-CH2CH(CH3)2).
Direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs) are a subcategory of alkaline fuel cells which are directly fed by sodium borohydride or potassium borohydride as a fuel and either air/oxygen or hydrogen peroxide as the oxidant.
In semiconductor production, doping is the intentional introduction of impurities into an intrinsic semiconductor for the purpose of modulating its electrical properties.
An electride is a ionic compound in which an electron is the anion.
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.
In chemistry and atomic physics, the electron affinity (Eea) of an atom or molecule is defined as the amount of energy released or spent when an electron is added to a neutral atom or molecule in the gaseous state to form a negative ion.
Electronegativity, symbol ''χ'', is a chemical property that describes the tendency of an atom to attract a shared pair of electrons (or electron density) towards itself.
Enthalpy is a property of a thermodynamic system.
Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups.
Europium is a chemical element with symbol Eu and atomic number 63.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
Francium is a chemical element with symbol Fr and atomic number 87.
A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.
A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel with oxygen or another oxidizing agent.
Fumigation is a method of pest control that completely fills an area with gaseous pesticides—or fumigants—to suffocate or poison the pests within.
Gallane, also systematically named trihydridogallium, is an inorganic compound of gallium with the chemical formula (also written as). It is a photosensitive, colourless gas that cannot be concentrated in pure form.
Gallium is a chemical element with symbol Ga and atomic number 31.
Germane is the chemical compound with the formula GeH4, and the germanium analogue of methane.
Germanium is a chemical element with symbol Ge and atomic number 32.
In thermodynamics, the Gibbs free energy (IUPAC recommended name: Gibbs energy or Gibbs function; also known as free enthalpy to distinguish it from Helmholtz free energy) is a thermodynamic potential that can be used to calculate the maximum of reversible work that may be performed by a thermodynamic system at a constant temperature and pressure (isothermal, isobaric).
In chemistry, a group (also known as a family) is a column of elements in the periodic table of the chemical elements.
The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).
Helium (from lit) is a chemical element with symbol He and atomic number 2.
The hydrohelium(1+) cation, HeH+, also known as the helium hydride ion or helium-hydride molecular ion, is a positively charged ion formed by the reaction of a proton with a helium atom in the gas phase, first produced in the laboratory in 1925.
In inorganic chemistry, a homoleptic chemical compound is a metal compound with all ligands identical.
Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.
A hydride compressor is a hydrogen compressor based on metal hydrides with absorption of hydrogen at low pressure and desorption of hydrogen at high pressure by raising the temperature with an external heat source like a heated waterbed or electric coil.
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydrodesulfurization (HDS) is a catalytic chemical process widely used to remove sulfur (S) from natural gas and from refined petroleum products, such as gasoline or petrol, jet fuel, kerosene, diesel fuel, and fuel oils.
Hydroformylation, also known as oxo synthesis or oxo process, is an industrial process for the production of aldehydes from alkenes.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
The hydrogen economy is a proposed system of delivering energy using hydrogen.
Hydrogen embrittlement is the process by which hydride-forming metals such as titanium, vanadium, zirconium, tantalum, and niobium become brittle and fracture due to the introduction and subsequent diffusion of hydrogen into the metal.
A hydrogen ion is created when a hydrogen atom loses or gains an electron.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
Hydrogen selenide is an inorganic compound with the formula H2Se.
Methods of hydrogen storage for subsequent use span many approaches including high pressures, cryogenics, and chemical compounds that reversibly release H2 upon heating.
Hydrogen sulfide is the chemical compound with the chemical formula H2S.
Hydrogen telluride (tellane) is the inorganic compound with the formula H2Te.
A hydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyses the reversible oxidation of molecular hydrogen (H2), as shown below: Hydrogen uptake is coupled to the reduction of electron acceptors such as oxygen, nitrate, sulfate, carbon dioxide, and fumarate.
Hydrogenation – to treat with hydrogen – is a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen (H2) and another compound or element, usually in the presence of a catalyst such as nickel, palladium or platinum.
In chemistry, a hydron is the general name for a cationic form of atomic hydrogen, represented with the symbol.
In chemistry, hydronium is the common name for the aqueous cation, the type of oxonium ion produced by protonation of water.
Hydrosilylation, also called catalytic hydrosilation, describes the addition of Si-H bonds across unsaturated bonds.
Hydroxide is a diatomic anion with chemical formula OH−.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
Ice is water frozen into a solid state.
Indium is a chemical element with symbol In and atomic number 49.
Indium trihydride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formulan (also written as (.
An intermetallic (also called an intermetallic compound, intermetallic alloy, ordered intermetallic alloy, and a long-range-ordered alloy) is a solid-state compound exhibiting metallic bonding, defined stoichiometry and ordered crystal structure.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bonding that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds.
In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound composed of ions held together by electrostatic forces termed ionic bonding.
Iridium is a chemical element with symbol Ir and atomic number 77.
Isotope separation is the process of concentrating specific isotopes of a chemical element by removing other isotopes.
Hydrogen (1H) has three naturally occurring isotopes, sometimes denoted 1H, 2H, and 3H.
In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry is a systematic method of naming inorganic chemical compounds, as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry, IUPAC Recommendations 2005 is the 2005 version of Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry (which is informally called the Red Book).
Krypton (from translit "the hidden one") is a chemical element with symbol Kr and atomic number 36.
The lanthanide or lanthanoid series of chemical elements comprises the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71, from lanthanum through lutetium.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
A Lewis acid is a chemical species that contains an empty orbital which is capable of accepting an electron pair from a Lewis base to form a Lewis adduct.
Lithium aluminium hydride, commonly abbreviated to LAH, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula LiAlH4.
Lithium hydride is an inorganic compound with the formula LiH.
Lithium triethylborohydride is the organoboron compound with the formula LiEt3BH). Commonly referred to as LiTEBH or Superhydride, it is a powerful reducing agent used in organometallic and organic chemistry. It is a colorless or white solid but is typically marketed and used as a THF solution.Marek Zaidlewicz, Herbert C. Brown "Lithium Triethylborohydride" Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis 2001, John Wiley & Sons. The related reducing agent sodium triethylborohydride is commercially available as toluene solutions. LiBHEt3 is stronger reducing agent than lithium borohydride and lithium aluminium hydride.
Metallic bonding is a type of chemical bonding that arises from the electrostatic attractive force between conduction electrons (in the form of an electron cloud of delocalized electrons) and positively charged metal ions.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
Neon is a chemical element with symbol Ne and atomic number 10.
Nickel hydride describes an alloy made by combining nickel and hydrogen.
A nickel metal hydride battery, abbreviated NiMH or Ni–MH, is a type of rechargeable battery.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
The noble gases (historically also the inert gases) make up a group of chemical elements with similar properties; under standard conditions, they are all odorless, colorless, monatomic gases with very low chemical reactivity.
Non-stoichiometric compounds are chemical compounds, almost always solid inorganic compounds, having elemental composition whose proportions cannot be represented by integers; most often, in such materials, some small percentage of atoms are missing or too many atoms are packed into an otherwise perfect lattice work.
A nuclear reactor, formerly known as an atomic pile, is a device used to initiate and control a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction.
Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.
An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.
Organic synthesis is a special branch of chemical synthesis and is concerned with the intentional construction of organic compounds.
Osmium (from Greek ὀσμή osme, "smell") is a chemical element with symbol Os and atomic number 76.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Palladium is a chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46.
Palladium hydride is metallic palladium that contains a substantial quantity of hydrogen within its crystal lattice.
In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent hydride is an unbranched acyclic or cyclic structure to which only hydrogen atoms are attached.
Pentaborane, also called pentaborane(9) to distinguish it from pentaborane(11) (B5H11), is an inorganic compound with the formula B5H9.
The periodic table is a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties, whose structure shows periodic trends.
Phosphine (IUPAC name: phosphane) is the compound with the chemical formula PH3.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Plumbane, PbH4, is a metal hydride and group 14 hydride composed of lead and hydrogen.
A pnictogen is one of the chemical elements in group 15 of the periodic table.
Polonium is a chemical element with symbol Po and atomic number 84.
Polonium hydride (also known as polonium dihydride, hydrogen polonide, or polane) is a chemical compound with the formula PoH2.
A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.
Potassium hydride, KH, is the inorganic compound of potassium and hydride.
Potassium nonahydridorhenate(VII) is an inorganic compound having the formula K2ReH9.
Promethium is a chemical element with symbol Pm and atomic number 61.
Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.
In chemistry, a protic solvent is a solvent that has a hydrogen atom bound to an oxygen (as in a hydroxyl group) or a nitrogen (as in an amine group).
The pseudohalogens are polyatomic analogues of halogens, whose chemistry, resembling that of the true halogens, allows them to substitute for halogens in several classes of chemical compounds.
Radium is a chemical element with symbol Ra and atomic number 88.
Radon is a chemical element with symbol Rn and atomic number 86.
A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.
A reducing agent (also called a reductant or reducer) is an element (such as calcium) or compound that loses (or "donates") an electron to another chemical species in a redox chemical reaction.
Selenium is a chemical element with symbol Se and atomic number 34.
A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.
Silane is an inorganic compound with chemical formula, SiH4, making it a group 14 hydride.
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
Sodium borohydride, also known as sodium tetrahydridoborate and sodium tetrahydroborate, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaBH4.
Sodium hydride is the chemical compound with the empirical formula NaH.
In electrochemistry, the standard electrode potential is the measure of the individual potential of a reversible electrode at standard state, i.e., with solutes at an effective concentration of 1 mol dm−3 and gases at a pressure of 1 atm.
Stannane or tin hydride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula.
Stibine is a chemical compound with the formula SbH3.
In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Tellurium is a chemical element with symbol Te and atomic number 52.
Thallium is a chemical element with symbol Tl and atomic number 81.
Thallium hydride (systematically named thallium trihydride) is an inorganic compound with the empirical chemical formula.
A thermonuclear weapon is a second-generation nuclear weapon design using a secondary nuclear fusion stage consisting of implosion tamper, fusion fuel, and spark plug which is bombarded by the energy released by the detonation of a primary fission bomb within, compressing the fuel material (tritium, deuterium or lithium deuteride) and causing a fusion reaction.
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.
Tritium (or; symbol or, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Ytterbium is a chemical element with symbol Yb and atomic number 70.