32 relations: Acid, Adenosine triphosphate, Atom, ATP synthase, Base (chemistry), Cellular respiration, Deuterium, Dihydrogen cation, Electric charge, Electron, Georg Zundel, Grotthuss mechanism, Hydrate, Hydride, Hydrogen, Hydrogen atom, Hydron (chemistry), Hydronium, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Ion, Isotope, Kinetic energy, Manfred Eigen, Mitochondrion, Photosynthesis, Proton, Protonation, Self-ionization of water, Sodium, Thylakoid, Trihydrogen cation, Tritium.
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
ATP synthase is an enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
Cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).
The hydrogen molecular ion, dihydrogen cation, or, is the simplest molecular ion.
Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.
Georg Zundel (May 17, 1931 – March 11, 2007) was a German physical chemist, tenured professor of biophysics at University of Munich, peace activist, environmentalist and philanthropist.
The Grotthuss mechanism (also known as proton jumping) is the process by which an 'excess' proton or proton defect diffuses through the hydrogen bond network of water molecules or other hydrogen-bonded liquids through the formation and concomitant cleavage of covalent bonds involving neighboring molecules.
In chemistry, a hydrate is a substance that contains water or its constituent elements.
In chemistry, a hydride is the anion of hydrogen, H−, or, more commonly, it is a compound in which one or more hydrogen centres have nucleophilic, reducing, or basic properties.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
A hydrogen atom is an atom of the chemical element hydrogen.
In chemistry, a hydron is the general name for a cationic form of atomic hydrogen, represented with the symbol.
In chemistry, hydronium is the common name for the aqueous cation, the type of oxonium ion produced by protonation of water.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
Isotopes are variants of a particular chemical element which differ in neutron number.
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.
Manfred Eigen (born 9 May 1927) is a German biophysical chemist who won the 1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on measuring fast chemical reactions.
The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
In chemistry, protonation is the addition of a proton (H+) to an atom, molecule, or ion, forming the conjugate acid.
The self-ionization of water (also autoionization of water, and autodissociation of water) is an ionization reaction in pure water or in an aqueous solution, in which a water molecule, H2O, deprotonates (loses the nucleus of one of its hydrogen atoms) to become a hydroxide ion, OH−.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
A thylakoid is a membrane-bound compartment inside chloroplasts and cyanobacteria.
The trihydrogen cation, also known as protonated molecular hydrogen or, is one of the most abundant ions in the universe.
Tritium (or; symbol or, also known as hydrogen-3) is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.